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By S.A.R. Lynch 

"This is called "the purple earth." It shines with every kind of light 
that proceeds from hashmal. In this earth are sunk twelve thousand 
myriads of pearls, sunk in this earth and reaching as far as the 
eastern gate. There there are six million open gates, and Anael is the 
chief guardian of them. " 

- Zohar Hadash, Yitro, 38d 

Cover painting: "Moses" (1638), by Jusepe de Ribera 

Cover photographs (L-R): Rabbi Stephen S. Wise 

Max Nordeau 
llya Ehrenburg 
Fritz Moritz Warburg 
Chaim Weizmann 
Dr. Nahum Goldmann 

There is no copyright on this book, in-fact, it breaches copyright laws. Hundreds of 
newspaper articles, photographs, and whole pages of books, are reproduced in this 
publication without the holders of their copyright even being asked whether they could 
be used. I have spent over a period of almost a year-and-a-half, I'd estimate, over 
£500.00 pounds collecting the articles reproduced in this book, predominantly from 
online archives which charge for access. But, I'm far from wealthy, so in some cases 
(particularly for the New York Times archives), I've not reproduced the entire article 
(most charged at $3.95 each), but just the free preview, and only quoted from that. 

The majority of newspaper articles reproduced in this book have been reformatted to 
make the text as large as possible. An article which fills a column 2 inches x 28 inches, 
i.e. the entire length of a broadsheet newspaper page, would not be legible in this book 
(produced on Microsoft Word, A4 sized pages) in its original form. In some cases, I've 
also tidied-up the articles, by deleting ink stains or smudges, but not a single letter of a 
single word has been altered in any of the articles reproduced in this book. 

Several of the articles in this book have been reproduced from Google-book's 'Snippet 
View.' In effect, Google permits you to view the page through separate letter-box 
windows, these images can be captured and pieced together. But Google purposefully 
excludes one letter-box window on each page, although a Google search allows a user to 
learn what the text is on these restricted windows. On these few cases, I have filled in 
the text behind the restricted window manually. 

SIX MILLION OPEN GATES, first published in London, August 2012. 


1 . Become Master of the Terrestrial World Page X 

2. In My Calculations, All the Figures Always 

Add Up to the Same Number: Six Million. Page X 

3. $6,000,000 Needed for the Holy Land Page XXX 

4. A Burnt Sacrifice Page XXX 

5. These Figures Exceed the Number Anticipated Page XXX 

6. Become Master of the Terrestrial World Page XXX 

6. Abbreviations Page XXX 

On December 14, 1945, the world learned that six million Jews had been murdered by 
the Nazis. It was on that day, in the German city of Nuremberg, that the signed 
confession of a SS Major was presented as evidence at the trial of the major Nazi war 
criminals, in which he had admitted; that six million, was the number of Jews the Nazis 
themselves had estimated to have murdered. 

But in reality, December 14, 1945 wasn't when the world learnt that the Nazis had 
murdered six million Jews. As prominent Zionist leaders had been repeatedly 
proclaiming that six million Jews had been murdered by the Nazis since the latter 
months of 1944. Over a year before the Nuremberg trial even started. 

September 29, 1944, is the earliest published claim that six million Jews had been 
murdered, this author has found. August 13, 1943 is the latest (of many) predictions that 
six million Jews would be killed, this author has found. I'm not including here the writer 
who was bold enough to claim in January 1939, that Hitler had already killed six million 

Further research has revealed an undeniable Jewish, or more precisely; Zionist, 
obsession with the exact number of six million Jews, being on the verged of death, 
dating back to 1915, or arguably even earlier. This undeniable obsession was first hinted 
at by the rediscovered in 1995 of an article published in New York in 1919 (no. 63 in the 
list in this book), and this Zionist obsession was undeniably proven in Don 
Heddesheimer's superb book The First Holocaust, originally published in 2003. 

In this chapter I've reproduced over 180 articles or newspaper adverts, which claim 
6,000,000 Jews are on the point of annihilation. I could have reproduced over a 1,000. I 
saw little point in reproducing articles which only mention the numerous Jewish "six 
million" campaigns in passing, or each version of the same article published in more than 
one newspaper. But the main reason this book is not 1,000 pages thick, is because I've 
included less than 1% of articles I've discovered, regarding Russia prior to the overthrow 
of the Czar. 'Six million', whether rightly or wrongly, was the figure usually put forward 
as the Jewish population of Russia from around 1890 onwards. Even Stalin wrote in 1913: 

"Of the five or six million Russian Jews, only three to four per cent are connected with 
agriculture in any way." 

As the Czarist regime held an unfavourable opinion of Jews, reproducing articles 
claiming six million Russian Jews are being done-in, would likely be dismissed as merely 
containing the estimated number of the Jewish population, whilst ignoring the clearly 
exaggerated claims of Jewish suffering. Especially when contrasted with U.S. newspaper 
coverage of the Soviet famines of 1921-1922, and 1932-1933, which were generally 
ignored, and in some cases, outright denied. 

The overwhelming majority of the articles in this book were rediscovered by myself, and 
many are reproduced here for the very first time. They all add up to prove, that Zionists 
had been predicting the downfall of precisely six million Jews for decades before Adolf 
Hitler came to power in 1933. 

No.1, June 1900 


Leaders in the Movement Arouse 
Enthusiasm at Cooper Union. 


Israel's Great Gift to Mankind Recalled 

—Dreyfus ana* European Persecution 

Mentioned in Convention. 

A mass meeting under the auspices of 
the Federation of American Zionists was 
helft at Cooper TJnCon last night The hall 
was crowded, many representative men be- 
in e present, as well buh thoEe who^e appear- 
ance told of dr tides vy In the east side 
sweat shops r There -were many women and 
firlrig in the aud Lcace, and little sober-faced 
lads, whose iL^es could not have been over 
ten years, lolloped with attention, the re- 
marks of the speakers* applaud ins at times 
with enthusiasm. 

The platform was draped with the Na- 
tional colors and the blue and white of 
the Zionists. 

Personal tributes were paid by the speak- 
ers to Rdbbi Quatav Gotthell, who pre- 

In Ilia opening remarks Rabbi aottheil 
said that they had come together for one 
of the greatest purposes that hat! ever 
summoned the scattered people of Is- 
rael » Tho life at oirf- Nation has not lost 
by the trials It has endured," he said* 
" for<- we are joined together heart* soul, 
and miiidt by thu will vt God." 


I>r. Gotthell said that he was In the posi- 
tion of a father" wlio was bound to obey 
his own son and haa been told that he 
must not speak long. IC But." he added, 
" I cannot retire without tellhuj you o£ a 
man who came to me some time njgo from 
the native one who came, not driven 
forth, but of hU own free win, with horny 
hand, b rouged face and sturdy figure. In 
him I saw the success of the ZlutUst move- 
ment, for 1 took him s.ii a inessansror who 
told that our aspirations arc not tl reams . 

" Tbere Is no such thing as an antl- 
Zionist,': concluded Rabbi GotthetL 

" A man need not be a supporter of our 
ethics, but how can any one in whose 
veins flows. Jewish blood oppose the move- 
ment? Every true Jewish heart la nat- 
ujr^lly Elonfetlc." 

The Rev, Di\ S. Schaffer of Baltimore, 
who spoke next, said that In the four 
years since the Zionist movement began 
much opposition had been developed; that 
it was Impossible to change the views of 
all, hut that If their opponents could see 
the remarkable gathering they would 
realize that the Jewish people stIH Jived 
and prospered. 

" when one realizes how much has been 
done in this golden land of freedom."' he 
continued,, "it fs patent that the principles 
of the Jewish people still exist in many 
hearts. We have already Won millions o£ 
men to our views, and In time we will 
realize our ideal. Such a movement re- 
quires time and persistent, unltied erfort/' 

He added that the Hebrew lan^ua^e and 
literature must be, broadly disseminated, 

A plaint, by Leo Rafaels, sun$r under the 
direction of the ReV, David Ciihn h groused 

considerable enthusiasm* and then the 
next speaker* the Rev. tl. Illowizl of Phila- 
delphia, vtna fntruduced- 

■' There are some tniners that never per- 
ish, ?n he said. " Woods flourish easily. 
Tha rarest flowers require direful nursing 
The Pharoahs— oppressors af Israel— have 
been many." 

He then paid a tribute to Kabbl Gott- 
hell, and added; H+ Eton r Zlonl How the 
name vibrates on the harp of Judaism! 
We demand of humanity the heritage that 
God bestowed upon us, We ask for jus- 

H ' Israel has given to humanity a relig- 
ion, a church, a mosque a literature: In 
return fpr those gifts our people received 
stones and miser v. 

" We aslt the 'return of our land, not 
that we mean to paek up and £o awav. 
But It Is our riffht. To-day the Boer ts 
fight fug for the land he won from sav- 
awes: the Irishman demands home rule 

■ Because we are happy in this land of 
r nmoTFi l A T*phuisel Irt us not force t the 
rp,uUO,<>00 brethren who are sufferfsiL- oa> 
preHSlon T There is a movement on foot r o 
prevent the Russian Jew from landinf Jn 
these shores, UpnreesPd In Russia, hunted 
in Rumania, not wanted here h his on r y 
hope is Znin. 

^ho Rev, H, llasllansky r who spofce in 
Hebrew t aroused the audience to great en- 
thusiasm. " Mas' at h Nafshi +H was then 
fiumj. and the voices of the children min- 
Sletf with those of their elders in an i ffl - 
pre^sive strain. 

Resolutions of sympathy were adopted 
and a ept lection taken fur the Jews of 
Bessarabia. T- 

v.3* £* v .\ D ^ 7- IL HertK of Johannes- 
burg foouih Africa, aaid that he brought 
greetings from the 3,000 Zionists of South 
Ai-rica. He said that it would probably 
surprise thos a present to know that sev- 
eral such mass meetings had been held in 
Juhannu±tourg within the laat four v<5am 

"The choice between life and death Is be- 
fore you." he said. ■■ When the worlds 
story takes a ^liferent tone and justice is 
at hand we will realize our destiny. The 
fact that no many of our people arc Par- 
ried with their condition Is the real tragedy 
of Israel, i'ou must help yourselves. The 
moment you realize that you are a nation 
you will be one. r appeal to you, be men 
and women, Jews and Zionists." 

In presenting; Rabbi Stephen S_ Wise, the 
Chairman expressed regret that it was the 

fti^^-te^S!' 1 * 1 F™ ll0 . ara here f0f Eoma 
time. Raijhf Wise is goinc to tile Pacific 

rtabbi Wise said, In part: 
JH The day will never come when I wiJl 
care less ror Eton, wheif there will he any 

one who wlN Strive mure for th* tflurhjus 
ideals of Zionism, 

lh TTvo ffreat con%'entlons of Jews arc 
beltiff held to- night. In Chicago there is 
a conference of ehar3ttes called together 
by men who minister to the wants of the 
poor. They have assembled to see that 
too much charity Is not given to the un- 
worthy. Their purpose is right. But 
ours is the greater charity. We have as- 
sembled not to sc9 Unit the Jew does not 
get loo mtKh. but that every Jew Khali ijet 
ihe right to live, 


i me not to beg, but ask for that which is 
hl^ht>r than a J! material things, They seek 
to have satisfied the unquenchable thirst 
aiter the ideal. They ask to become once 
a^ain the messengers of right, Justice, and 

" Your Christian friends will honor you iZ 
you have enough self-respect to care for 
your own people. Say that you are not a 
Jew, and you will he hated as a Jew, never- 
theless. But say that you are mi Ameri- 
ca n Jew 1 and strive for the best princi- 
ples of the rnce, you will he respected 
and the Zionist name honored. 

" Of Israel and Sion una thing is true. 
They can conquer. God is our leader, and 
with the General of the heavenly hosts to 
lead who will say that we go not to vic- 

"■ In the old Greek games, the man who 
won the race was not he who went fastest, 
hut the one who bore a lighted torch lo 
the cad of the course 

" "We £lonUt£ have entered a race the 
torch of liberty, charity, and justice In our 

b+ The race will be won H not because we are 
fastest but toeentiFQ that lamp is a lUjnt 
unio the world. It will never be ex tin- 

" Come, brothew, the lamp is in your 
h^nds: run the race and may God give you 
the victory forever/' 

Oth^r speakers were Dr' M, Mlntz T Dr. 
Robert L, Halperiu of Chicaiftx and the 
Rev. i>r. F>. Drachmae, 

The Zion hymn by the Rev + I>r. IL Perei- 
ra Hendcs. wasi sune at the enn elusion of 
the npeakfiig- The i>and oC iln> Hebrew 
3he!terin£ Guardian Society Orphan Asv- 
him + under direction of 1. K Fauerbnoh, 
played a number of selections. 

Published: June 11, 19DD 
Copyifgtit © The New York Times 

"There are 6,000,000 living, bleeding, suffering arguments in favor of Zionism. 3 

The New York Times, June 1 1 , 1900. 

The above was stated by a young Rabbi Stephen S. Wise at a Zionist meeting of the Federation 
of American Zionists at Cooper Union, New York on June 10, 1900. Wise would go on to become 
one of the most energetic and outspoken leaders of American Zionism. This is the first known, 
of his many, uses of the 6,000,000 figure of Jews. Rabbi Wise features prominently in this book. 

No.2, 1902 


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"Though anti-Semitism has been unmasked and discredited, it is to be feared that 
its history is not yet at an end. While there are in Russia and Rumania six millions 
of Jews who are being systematically degraded, and who periodically overflow the 
western frontier, there must continue to be a Jewish question in Europe; and 
while there are weak governments, and ignorant and superstitious elements in the 
enfranchised classes of the countries affected, that question will seek to play a 
part in politics." 

The Encyclopaedia Britannica, 10th Edition, Vol. 25. Adam & Charles Black Ltd, London. 1902. p.482. 

No. 3, September 1903 

The Jewish Criterion. 

P.. p||*.Ul 1. FUIIV rt 


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*IX MONTHS. ..*-.. ■ f.OO 


Main 1 1 M ****** rill I MftfH lh* Vrii»lH*B P+41 

Xk*vnJH*r -itf ****** *mfr i*# *jfl« */ **? •*■ 



I^vYfi/iEn-.. Monday, Sept. 2t 

Y«i K*m* iTfitii lOdO-TAvtffer.aa. t 

Sucenh tTuM iSdi). .,. TwHbnOcL* 

I iTtahil UiiJ) Too,, Ocu 13 

#Cl*tfe 4ttt **4 *t il* t>- «*- « «** **J *'* "M b*SI4*r 

A Happy New Year 
To Our Readers 

3 © G4H\ 

r who have 
grown aCCU&tomed to speak of Juda- 
ism as a dead ot decaying creed, nar- 
: its views and antiquated in 
id conceptions of life. If the value 
i were to be gauged fc| 
the number of its followers by it* 
political power* by its ten 

Judaism might be considered 

ill afluir." (Judged by Mid* a 

standard even the dominant faith 

unpara i i \< in *i gntfica nee 

,il the side of The rcl:;. 

am! China). But if a religion is to 

be measured by it* immortal truths, 

by the undying allegiance of it* sup* 

porter*, by it^ mvindhk vitality, by 

r of i stance to persecu- 

ability to withstand the 

trageoUS for* 

if a religion aged b> 

. which it ha* 

,crs. then is \w['j. 


ism entitled in the reverence of iU ence, Km il Wen recognised? Re- 

adherents and the rc-»i»eei uf .ill member! Reflect! 

other*. U is a day of "Judgment." Ari- 

"That there is in our faith funda- eient poetry represents God Seated 

mental truth, that it possesses the upon His throne, high and exalted, 

power of swaying the consciousness surrounded by myriads of angels, 

and the conscience of Israel, may Scanning the record of each individ- 

be seen at ilii- reason of the year, nal and deciding the future of each, 

when, touched by a common lenti- The idealism at Mich a scene is con* 

nient of loving faith, ill Uriel ap- sidered absurd by modern material? 

pears before t!»d. The New Year j M ,i. And yet science, with its teach ■ 

lerved as the public expression. [„^ iMncci-rniig hereditary infltt* 

Of [fraeTs devotion to the Creator Of ence£ an<l the sway of acquired hab-* 

ni verse, livery Jew who ob- j| >p would have us believe that, as 

si-r^v?. the day as a sacred Oi car fuceeeda year, our future is in- 

announccs his belief in the "uncre- scribed, nay engraved, on our bones, 

ated Creator, 1 ' the Eternal God, nerves and flesh, by Unseen fingers 

+, who h One and whose name is ancl Indelible stylus, Otir thoughts 

One." It i* unnecessary to here en- l^ome OHC w rds ; our WOtf 

ter into the philosophy of religious comc mjr d ce ds; our deeds become 

belief: it is neither the place nor the aw habits: Our habits become our- 

occasion to discuss whether the uni- ielveii .Shall we continue to be in 

ii * man if Citation of eternal t j, c f ltlnrc w hat we are to-day? U 
matter or eternal ^jirit, or whether ,| Kre IU> n ^ m or Tca%otl f or am cud- 
it U the prwluct of cbance. Suffice mtil tf Shall we permit our beset- 

y that the real signiiie^iee of .; t j K 61 " n| . -^ U5 ? Shall we 

the great and holy day, which i* all0w our w^aitnes* to exert a 

Uifeered In tiext Monday cvciii.i;;. is Mrt „ 1Krcr control over us? or shall 

the public declaration of the jw-^c Wc ^ r: ,. s , t]lo opportUoHy granted 

oi Israel that "the Lord God of us, look at ourselves as we kuowour- 

UtzkI is the only King, that His d> ^ lvi ,, lo llCb j udf< ourselves before 

n i» throughout ail Time :nri ii lH? tribunal of conscience and >eefc 

Space, thai the untvene is the iu;4« to become better? Thus Rr.ih-v 

uct of His loving will/' This -s th*: ifcana appeals to ih- better side of 

truth, fuii da mental with Juilm.-ni r „ r human nat- and senes to 

which the obbervanee of the New fefihg n> to '-^ side of Cod and 

War asseverate*. goodness. 

It i» a itolcuiu day- U is n Div of "toundllig the Shop- 

of Rcmeuibranee,' 4 on which to re* hji/'u' cal]iii>; aloud to the house of 

call tlte events of the year just go- If ael, "Seek ye the Lord while He 

iT»4. Aithcm^staiadiisgonamomi- nay be found.** White God is 

tain peak we took below and review wiilitljr to be entreated of His cllil- 

ries of events which have be* n dren. our Rabbis have tjniKht that 

HieicJj of t3 Jlt hv ' He i+ special is at this sea- 

I10W and the !a>! vosliha- ^ int tl f the year: that is lo say* He Ss 

shana. The resolutions c* former m<^ t likely to answer prayer sol- 

«vhcre are they? Hie prou> emnly ofTcred at a solemn season in 

I la%l year, what h* s become oi « lofeinn place. All Jm^lcI is n 

thent? The evcnt> wr'^a^Ud, have Med in prayer and the Jewish con- 

they happened? Th-' incidents wc sciousncflS i§ inched lo ttie ijuiek. 

hoiwd to see* have ^ c >' ^* n rcalia- 'Hie days r - rrow are not yet over ; 

! tn pan ul - " v - 1,as 5l J5Ccn *tw days af K^orv- are not yet here. 

performed? The e lil<1 ' s obiigatiorit, When could we Ijetter renew our at- 

they lwcn i 4ct? The J«w"*h taeUiueut to oar faith, when better 

life, has u been lf* J * Go ^> l* r ^' renew our spiritual relationsbip 

with our brethren than at such an 

May it br the Hi vine Will that the 
coming rtcdy-day may exert a po«". 
erful influence for good among; us 
and all Israel With the New Year 
may renewed religious, fervor man- 
■ It among ns. Willi the ad- 
vent of our great Day of Remem- 
brance may our people realise more 
than ever the duties and glories of 




The Foundation of *n American 
Jewish Statistical Society Pro- 

In a few ilays the .American dele* 
gale* wil] have returned from the 
Sixth Zionist Congress at Haslc. ami 
we shall have authentic in forma-' 
tion not only on the true 1>carm£ 
of the Ujpinda proposition of the 
Uriti-sh government, but als» with 
■■* the general outlook of the 
whole Zionist ic movement, which, 
reached its turn- 
ing |foiut. 

The merit -< and •short, 
the pTtn. scheme of Jew i- 1, 
tton that forever will Ipc identified 
with the names i»[ my two college 

friends and countrymen, Thcodor 
ller/l and Max Nofdau, have fo of- 
ten and so ablv been deSCfi! 
Ihe columns oi your paper that I 
need nui add new arguments either 
pro or con. The Zionists here anil 
abroad have fought and arc still 

fighting agaiusi ^»s"htyodds. They 
_" ii i heir com 
es* fuH reoognitioji even fmn* 
the r;iufe(( of their opponents, Kut 
ihe question now arises: Is it with- 
in the power of ihese modern 11 ac- 
eabeeS to brinjj to a speedy and 
happy end the misery of their 5,- 
i&>,ooo i Russian ofncinl eensos of 
>i th.- 
t Mr, > mania 

and 8(1,000 in Galiein, in view of 
the hostile attitude of the Russian 
government toward Zionism, of the 
impending revolution in the domin- 
ions of the Sirltan, and finally, in 
( the mdifierencc* yea, direct 
opposition, :•■ Iheir scheme 
part of nine-tenthi ni the welbii>-do 
lsrael|tei "f Western Kurope and 
■ -en? 
* iOethe«ays somewhere that there 
are times when "no righteous man 
r in< the right 10 keep silence"* The 
international situation of the 
people [h nowadays sueh at not to 
permh any kivUh scholar, | 
pional or muiiiesa man to refuse hi* 
iperatkfi and 
moral ty ui tbi 

w^r of I ehalf nf liss 

-*i* mill ;i brethren. 

Tlic wi wish lawyer, phy- 

*ician. hanker, tratSer and u ,. 
Hirer of r^ondon and IViri-. Hew 
York and *an Francisco hav 
done i licit full duly as men ami 
■ payinjr for their faim* 

" ... six million downtrodden brethren." 

The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), September 18, 1903, page 6. 

No.4, February 1904 


By Our Own Correspondent, 
LONDON, Feti " 

I 1 1 teMJl ■<: I H truly 

cairsed a shock iti- the whole com- 
munity here, A gentleman wlto, a* 
■*cd for 
ihe rk" w* in the red coun- 

try mI' Rurtm, Red ^ ill- the blood of 
in jv* ■■ The dntlie* Ijerc pave long 
accounts of the life ami work of the 
deceased and jKiid splendid tribute* to 
him, I am informed from ■ iru>t- 
'Aurctiv JOUTCC that in the smaller 
nd (which S 

[I Link CMl bt designate-! . 

Side" 4 if London > service* were Iwld 
for ilir laic Mr. I.i .-vi. Sttdl a titan 

i»lt nation not to nuke the Zionbt 
movement a colon izatkm movement 
only* Let it jj"c mw life to their 
refajgious and racial exigence. The 
definite in wa> a Ikkuc in 

- 1 1 ■■: .■ gard {he 

of /CkmiHii as $o$ncilHu£ Ihey 
would dm sot in their own days. It 

r dm> !« make iVr the nwci 
generation joy and not s<imow;day and 
irkne** II- 
rejoiced in the lime when the child ecu 
of Israd should live in tht- clear air 
of Pah when their plough- 

share would bt once more heard in 
the iiuatlows of the Promised Land. 

A largclv attended weriittjg con- 
vened by the SIleiueM t 

■, ening. 

1r - ft. Mams. President of the 

ui>n. occupied the chair,, the 

peaker beiitj; the Rev. S. Al« 

frcl Ad$er T son o( the Chief Rabbi 

And imnistef of Ihe Liverpool Hebrew 

The chairman, who 

mentioned that I he Sheffield \ 

ban had been in - tho^e inca-cnl how neces- 
sary It wns thai tliey should seek U> 
aid the million* of their brethren who 
lived in CQUnlriM taOtl and 

Referring to die maz- 
ier of the British Govern- 
. . iti Ea*t \i. 
consideration of which had Introduced 
ill-feeling info ZionbU' dclilicratiofi*, 
Ik- *aid one h«-iiM have pre tcrrcd wait- 
frag t".. if their 

delegates at the Bask GongfOU, how- 
ever, had proved othetwUe. He 
thought, Ittwcver, thai the tok aim 
of the Russian, as well as other Jews. 
ihouBd be the Holy Laud- Ale loofced 
to Dr Herd ai a leader of the Zion- 
1st caroe. 

The following resolution was pro- 
noted and Mcondn meeting 
is desimns oi placing en record it?, 
high appreciation oi the indcfnl 

■ I I>r, HerjEl on behalf of the 
Jewish initiom, and tender t*i him their 
sincere thank* for Ids strenuous exer- 
tions to ameliorate the condition of 
the poor and opprcMcd jcwi and 
be him a^ the ^reat 

rhom we ftlacc every eon- 

Tbc Hcv. ^ A. Adkr had "an «i- 
thu^tastie Tccvfiiinn. 1L: at<.- 

of the 
II- ■,■ vld riot |PJ so 

to *ay that ' a iili the 

political syileiti of the Zi-m ■ 
inent :n every respect,, but the Zioti- 
isiie nbtfonn broad. There wai 

i fuiufc. \ i%h lew 

he gratefully recogrwxed tin? ki 
which his nation had received 
throughoul she lEritisli Eunpire. ti> 
which they had pr 
lonpE. But the ideal condttkmTi which 

". in Ft^raml did n-ir knlil ^,«>it 
iu other o 
chiefly to i 

five or sjx ; !-■ i-\ 

i*le*l nndef 

the) misfit >-i]vc the Jewish question 

.-LiTid, they could not solve it 

hi Ru**ia. He ;ip|>ea1ed to the Jew 

fevliiiK has been roufcul in 
Jewish circles here by one of the leaf- 
lets isjued by die" Tariff Reform 
Iveauue, a league at which Mr. Cham- 
bcrlain i^ the sfahttng Ksgjhl, In lhi> 
there is a picture oi an alien immi- 
grant oi' repnUtve appearance and 
pronounced Jewish features, and Ik:- 
side him U a much better 
British artisan. The alien is labeled 
"The man we import," and the Brit- 
ish wotfcinguiaii as "'The man we ex- 
port/' cm the usual 
appeal for support to Mr. Balfour 
1 1 he Premier) am! Mr. Chamberlain's 
policy. m» as to protect the 
workiiiKinau against foreign labor. 
Of course, it i> objected to, and more 
so the tntroduetion of the J«in qua, 
Jews into die i.iuiX controversy, and 
so mixing op the question of race, 
to 'a matter of fsict, the Statistical 
>i<ereiar> to the Tariff Commission is 
a talented young' Jew. 

family followed and t]ic reading of 
Maariv concluded the ccrcm-iM. 

The death :> aanoanced of Kerr 
Karl 1'tnil pranJPOf, whose novels and 
ikctdV ■ ii; I it toil of 

the Jews in Ualicia, the Bukowina, 
Soinii Russia and Koununia excited 
uriftk interest throughout Europe 
some ^5 years ago. 

Herr l : ranxos was horn in i&i&t 
near the Rust r. and 

I at the gyinna>him of 
Cjtenwwlt,' uinl at the Universii 
tjrat/ am! Vienna Until 1^7 the 
«eene 0/ his literary labors wmi 
\tenna H where his first publish' 

of any importance, "Aus Halbaskn; 

Kuetwihihler an^ Galilien, der Bukfy 
mid R^iniTania," 
was received wiih enthustann and was 
ultimately translated nttc 
ropcaii languages, Hi> Mibsequent 
cnllei lions of woti rtories, "l^. 
vi 11 Bamow r " and "Voin Don Zur 
Donau # M dealt with tlte same themes 
ai h ■* first book, and were full of 
lixal knowledge and color. In Iter! in 
lie edited tl»c fortnight l.v majf&fctnf 
Deutsche Dtchtung. and he occupied 
till the end of his life a prominent 
place in the literary world of the Ger- 
man capital lie has sometime* tieai 
exiled "The Jewish Dickens,* hut his 
humbler genius burned with a softer 
and far fainter li^hl than that of the 
Immortal author of "Pkkwiek" and 
"'iiamaby Rodgt*"* 

For ova fifty years the Jewish com- 
munity of Wolverhampton have wor- 
shiped in a suiago^ue erected in :< 
small vtreet of the unvn, bm 
years it ha* been found to be 1 
nicnt and suffering to a great extent 
from decay. It wa% decided to pull 
it down and erect a new budding, 
The exterior design of the sy 
is very pkashifj. the material used 'k-- 
itii: «tt' prosed brick, with .*!o«e dress- 

ihe interior det: 
are li^ht and attractive. Oak panels 
nt of the walls, the 
remaining portions being painted 
white . out in gold- Spe- 

cial attention has l>een paid 10 the 

11 in the cdtar» where there i* 
a natural spring, the walls bdn^ cov- 
ered with white e;la*cd bricks. It Is 
estimated that the cost of iIk building 
would be nearly £1,000. Tfiere was 
1 large cxMqpejgasJon present when the 
opening servi 

ning bv the Rev. tj. J 
Emanuet, who performed the service 
..j J o.ttM. l f.iti..ri. The reverend fen- 
ileduan. followed by the war.i 
* *her honorary officers of the cniij^re- 
iif* ft position under a 
M the kabhi exclaimed. 
"Open onto me tlic gates 01" right- 
' will enter them and 
praiw the l^ord/" J 
stung: by the Rev, J, Rosen 
rabhi and other gentlemen v.. 
protewkm to tlie ark, and psalm* 
hanted as they proceeded three 
tunes round the Synagogue, After 

!ia.t been recited hv the Rev. 
J + , Rosen, the Rev. G, j. Emanuel de- 
hvered an impressive sermon and 
prayer. The prayer for the Roy*] 

The East End 
Savings & Trust Co* 

Cor, P«dq Atc, and Sheridan 

Its modern new BansJw Hcmisc and 
greatly enlarged ficilities 

adeU another reason 10 the many 
why this progressive initmm'nn 
is attracting progressive people's 


J.CVuu.:k.lU.>. n , [^rMUtLu.u. 

U'lLK. ILkMT, jl^ TptM. 

John D. Armstrong & Co. 

SwR4or* c* 
LATHROM H "*<0>i It Cfl. 


. New \otk Stock Exchange 
»BMt»Ot*-; P*tt**ur t Stock E^tun^, 
r Ctikaao Uwrd Of t mile. 

jiorao to 

PJiuhurE* !'•*• 

It is with deep regret that I an- 
the death of .Mr. Benjamin 
A. FJkin from niteumonb on January 
30. I >i. . was born ; 

was the eldest son of the l*u- 
an<l Eniily Klkin, and was educated 
privately and at the Una 

hod and graduated I.L.H. at 
University in first elas> hon- 
ors in iSSa. lie gained the new prize 
lie Incorporated t-aw So- 
ciety, passing nr*t class honors tn the 
final solteitorV ejcamlnaaon m 1SS0 
In u?\\ he started the firm of Elk in & 
Henri. S r r when 

Eartoess Hi rah Convalescent 
Home, Tudor House, Ihnnpstead 
Heaith, was opened, Mr. Klkin was 
elected first honorary secretary. With 
everybody connected with the 

■ to the huuiblcst 
convalescent, Mr. ElkW frank and 
eanot won him a popu- 
larity which in individual cases de- 
Mr, Klkins was keenly interested in 
ring. For mow than JO 
years he was lit the \ ictoria and St 
George's Rifle*, retiring recently with 
the rank of Lieutenant 

"J he funeral was largely attended, 
those present beinff a detach- 
ment of officer* of 1 1 fi reei* 
tucnt, who also sent ■ Ixaiititul 

A service was held at the Home of 
which Mr. Klkin wflU the honorarv 
secretary and at which the Rev. A. D. 
Green delivered a touching' a'! 

am Dr. M. Gastet read a paper 
he Political Aspect of 
tine" before the members of the Cen- 
tral Asian Society on Wednesday. 
Dr* Gaster remarked at the com- 
1 hi< paper thai it wai 

Mortgage Banking Co. 

43a P«y>nh An. 
Cjsita ssi Sirpks, em $m.mM 

Oat Utniltit* f*r MfrdUnc liw MHIhwi 
bwrimrM *r* n»f *«flk4. W* »t* Lbt o«*It 

bar r\f*\ HiHtiim (or tt* Hiirt« 
We lEiviU¥«q t*U*r»ilnl* ■: 


n lue 


Rial Estate IosaraDEE, Mam 

oioo P«on Avontit, B. H. 

KinU*t * Sp*c44ll) 

Priv*U Wirt* to 
Kn York, B<kKiu h CU^.uJ ■»! PhLl«UJpW* 

E*tiWt.i«.i jess 



r.a a.mi Hab 

B-JI 2M4 (Vdm 

M, M. LEVY, 

SiOiia, Bocdi, Orilfl tod GMdo. 


uflttftrtad ^. B ib^i.KTt*i*fc 
e. n. fc r riw»# cm Op * m t. & a. riww w? m*|» 

"The bett anJ rndtl p-r«gr«uiv^ buslneu 
men ef tKo two citkl advtrtk? In th# 
"CrH*rion." It hrlnui reiult*. 

"He referred chiefly to Russia and the Balkans, where five or six million people 
existed under persecution." 

The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), February 19, 1904, page 2. 

No. 5, October 1904 

The Jewish Criterion 

Vol, XIX 

Pittsburg, October Seventh, 1004 

No + n 


{By Ut, Isadora Singer). 

Lecture delivered December 20, 
190$, at a public meeting ot%ht I wr- 
shes 2 ion Society. Brooklyn, N. Y.— 
■ • , I ir. Singer* 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentle- 
men : 

When your friends of the Zion 
Educational League Invited mc f nvc 
. a|p&, to explain to them my 
attitude toward Zkwism and, in par- 
ticular, my personal; views with re- 
gard to the solution of i lie Jewish 
problem. 1 told them pomlblank 
why I was not ■ partisan of politi- 
cal Zionism. I suggested* at the 
same time, the elaboration, in uniaon 
with tlte Independent Order of B'nai 
irrith and other Jewish organiw 
of a broad p'atfomt acceptable 
iv with genuine Jewish 
feelings* whether he he a Cba*id + a 

■dox, a reformer. ) 
a religious nihilist; whether his 
cradle st-*>d in Kiwno, Duet- 
Part*, Xew York, or San Francisco; 
and. lastly, win- liter he be a full or 
half breed nationalist or a rabid as- 
similationist. Tlkts formuEati 
principles tmce accomplished, 1 
urged upon your Zionistic brethren 
to undertake, again m uuisoi 
the entire house ol Israel, a gigantic 
campaign throughout the I 
Sta:y?. concentrating the entire fi- 
nancial moral. and Late! tactual 
Strength "f our coreligionists. In so 
far it he free for altruistic outlet. 

- ditical 

^• ltril of the land 

of Canaan. 

The Associated Press did us the 
great honor to dUpatch their 
tentative to our meeting, and the 
next dav. November to, several 
hundreds of, dailies throughout the 
United Si shed a tele- 

graphic report of Dr. Fair* and my 
own add 

a ted as tins report 
was, and printed under ituch ex- 
ching headlines as "Plan to Bring 
all Russian Jew* Here," "I mini 
Movement or Scheme to Cause Gen- 
eral Exodus from the Land &l" the 
Caar," etc., I was satisfied to know 
that these dispatches formed the 
subject of dfcussion in thoi 
,.t Jewish homes. In this way it 
brought many of our cc 
whn had already forgotten Ktshmefl 
and Gomel for an hour or KS. ajjwfl 
face to face with their duty toward 
their unhappy brethren in Eastern 

Since I wish to make of the cen- 
tral idea ol my SKon Educational 

League speech the main topic of our , 
discussion to-day, allow nw t*» read 
to yon one Of these reports (ex utio 
diseite omnes), for they are all more 
or less identical: 

transport the entire Jewish 
pop mI ali mi ol Russia t*> this country 
is the p'au which had its initial dis- 
cussion Usi nighl at the meeting of 
the Eton rtdue at tonal League at Xo. 
rjugtpn Street, culled to con- 
sider the question of J he Jewish 
igratlon from the land of the Oar, 

••■ assessment of a tax upon 
the rich Jews ol the country of two 
per cent of their yearly income was 
proposed, and this plan was given 
bte considers i- -II. With this 
money it is believed that the Jewish 
population now in Russia can he 
brought to tin* country and sca*- 
iver the We>tcrn States. 
"Mi wai also proposed that an at- 
tempt be made to have the $45,000.- 
000 left by the late Jjaron dc Hit ten 
transferred from London to New 
York, and ihal the work of trans* 
porting the Russian jews to this 
country be carried on from this 
cit>\ The establishment of a direct 
line of steamship! between New 
Yorfc and < Ideas** on the Black s™. 
was proposed, in order that, the 
Russian Jewi might he brought here 
without having to travel through 
L-'.hj- ipean where ^ tliey 

•. hunriliatton 
and indignities. 

"Among the speaker;!, at the meet- 
ing last night were Dr. Isidore $in- 
ic Jewish Encyclo- 
pedia/ and Dr, w. k. >. Falcs, Al- 
Schonberg, President ■■ 
Dr. Isidor 
>;er. taking a* In* subject "Emanci- 
pation, Emigration* or Extermina- 
tion ,' - 

"Tlierc a nc probability of the 
cmancipatiou of the Jews in Kusnia 
under the present political and cec- 
al conditions. Extermination 
3^ nol 1 red except from 

inn viewpoint, so the only re- 
maining alternative is cmigt 
The* happenin^i at the la^i 

have eliminated pH^litical Zion- 
ism from the question- J'he most 
practical solution of the prtrfil 
to be found in an of all 
the jews of 1 he United States whose 
sole pi b* lo aid the Rus^ 

sian Jews to escape front tlteir per- 
secutors. It ii niy in lent ton to start 
a movement to 'a*ecriatn whether 
the wealthy Jews ol America are 
willing to give Iwo per cent uf their 
iconic to aid this work/" 
And now, ladies and gentlemen, 
it will probably interest you also to 
know the editorial opinion on the 
ftubjetn of the leading Jewish paper 
of the world. The Jewish Chronicle, 
of London, which is not only read 
but also respected b> 
hold in their hands the strings of 
the purse containing the $45,000,000 


r. c smith, racnnrae. 

AIm I ah IW*U«* T*Wt 3 !». Xh AMHtofe Ntviufit. i I XB Jxf diy . wf. 


Tft Th* Public. Bvg'mnlnri Sfl P lvf¥ib*f- 2# ihc Hdtel CAtoniat 

will M fv* • 73e T*tit» *A"HoiP dinner from 3«i*0 in SrSO 

whLc-V, tnelud«* »> bpulv of Clanrt **r Rhlnv W|n«r, 


pyater Cock tail 

Bbque of Lobster 
PoinnHfl Saratoga 

Qaeen Olivw 
Baked Salmon ■ la 1 'bambrod 

Sticed Cucanbers 
Ufitced Chicken with Gnssj I>ppeni 

Kosst Uin of r^erk, Apple Sauce 
Maebed PetatOt* String Iteans Tomato and Uttuee 

lee Craam Assorted Caj(M 
Rfn\ oefort Chcesft lient €rackerv Demi tasse 

Inctudtfax either a Plat of Rhine orCfarwt Win* 

>f uWc famii/trJ bji TH# Colonial Qrchntra 

,f ih. |«c Baron Maurice de Hirsch. 
The Chronicle, in it* issue i«f i)c- 
two editorials to 
the question, respectively entitled 
"Wholesale l\ migration'- and 
"America's Reeepu 

■*Who nigra lion, - 

i>rinl in another column an tntcrest- 
jueeiing held in 
New York recently v> consider a 
proposal for the wholesale *i"'t: f ?- 
truly American project is based 
the asumptloa that anic 
Boration of the Jcweish lot in Rus- 
a hopeless dream. It 
icy ot 
ssian <iucfttimi in 
Kns^i^. and adopts wtih f\m* 
slrenuousness what is :«> l^r. Sin- 
ger the only alternative poliey: that 

T r Sin^f hit 
propoanda a scheme for cJfeetmfi 
this very desirable purpose. The 
jews in America are to be divided 
up. on a property basis, into n 
Of dubs or lo<lge4, Kadi sceiioii is 
to elect a number ol ontcef»i 
amon^ whom a Jewish Boar< of 
Delegates is to be formed- in** 
Board in il? turn has to appoint a 
regular Jewish Cabinet, with vari- 
ous department* for Russia, Rou- 
mania, etc, for jmmigratton, educa< 
tion, and so on, Tlie sinews nf w^r. 
we gather, are to be provided by a 
voluntary las of two per cent on the 
income of the tn embers. In addi- 
tioo to this somewhat remartable 
icbemc, there is proposed to estab- 

lish a direct line of steamers be- 
tween t idessa and \'c^ \%»rk, *o as 
to n\-oid the wearying journey 
across other countries to the port 
of embarkation— hi proposal which, 
if carried through, would rid our 

tioa return* ol the disti 
element of the transmigrant?.. We, 
ry. may Stand 
;<c the splendid audacity 
which does not shrink from tli 
<it" transporting (iv* itlknt 

people over the sea. lint we must 
admire the "jkirit in which this task 
is proposed, ami the readiness of 
those who framed li e the 

leadership of Jewry in the solution 
of i he greatest problem that con- 
lYi-niv the race. Moreover, e very- 
it all lews taken 
From ECii'"-5Ji represent nxrt only so 
many brands plucked front the* fire, 
bttl v* much relief granted lo those 
who remam behind: W<- do nol 
pose that Dr. Singer imagines that 
the mass of Russian Jews can be 
removed in a body to America. 
\\'h:ii he calculates, no doubt, is that 
\z rr.vt numbers might emigrate to 
the States; But supposing tlia.t the 
new mrwenirnt Secured the to 
my funds, the epic *i km arises 
whether the United States U pre- 
pared to receive a few million more 
jfews in addition to the it 
already \w>? 

''American Receptivity. — We are 
afraid that Dr, Singer hardly does 
sumeient justice to the feeling of 
malaise which has gefced 

"the final and definite deliverance of the six millions of Russian, Roumanian and 
Galician Jews from their political and economic bondage-within or without the 
boundaries of the land of Canaan. ... We, in this old country, may stand aghast at 
the splendid audacity which does not shrink from the task of transporting five or 
six million people over the sea." 

The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), October 7 1 904, page 1 . 

No. 6, November 1905 


Chief Procurator of the Holy Synod 
Atrial Hated Man lit Russia. 

s tan t\ n e Fetro vftch Fobt edon nst z e f f w 
Chief Pmcur&t&r of the Holy Synod* 
has resigned. 

Ccn stall cine FelrOVltch PobifldonoBtsePTp 
nan in hi* seven ty-elffhth year-, ha* b&en 
a puMnSnant factor In the Internal life of 
the Rutfilan Empire for the l«t fifty 
years, and la the moal hated man tu 
tUi^ta to-day, 

S'tnc* liis appointment a* Procurator 
Qt-nenil of the HOb' Syntfd fc Lit 18S0 f he 
has persecuted the Jews, Lutheran** 
Catholics, and other dissenting sects with 
an unswerving fa-oailcal x«L From 18ti0 
t* IMP be caiwHl KOQOOPQ Jewish tunllla 
in be «xpellfrd from Russia and sent 
tl'c^EandB of Pole* to Siberia, Hia wafch- 
word wan " Russia for the Orthodox 
iTlwrtilin*" Cossa-CKs were ordered to Bar- 
ren nd the CftUtollc ehurchfcfl In Poland 
and shoot down the congregations m they 
tame out. 

Numerous attempt* have been made 
upon th« lift of FohiedonosiMff. *** 
professed to b* a vie lira of calumny T "G 
mid that he had been dishonesty de~ 
nounced to the people* The last attempt 
was Rt ihc Taarsttoe-Selo Station, on July 
20, when a student drew a. revolver, but 
did not have time to fire it. A desperate 
attempt to kill the Procurator General 
was made in March, 1901, when a Rus- 
sian official from the Baltic Provinces 
sot Into his library and fired five ■hoti 
at him point blank, none, however, tak- 
ing eH«t- 

Pobiedonoaj>itt1T had the power to makn 
new Lawn, and also to veto them* He 
fought irteadlJy fl^aJnat tho people, and 
wie one of the mast powerful factors In 
restraining the Emperor from giving them 
liberty, The Czar and the nobles feared 
him, He was against education for the 
masses because i hey could not use It In 
their calling. against the Parliament be- 
cause !t represented the personal vanity 
or U\* representative*, and a gainst free- 
dom of the preas tfltausc he considered 
that It was already th* most powerful 
and despotic thing ever conjured up by 
the brain of mankind , His rr-llglouH P* 1 '; 
eecutigna earned for him Lhe title Of 
" The Modern Tor^uemada." 

"From 1890 to 1902 he caused 6,000,000 Jewish families to be expelled from 

The New York Times, November 1 , 1905. 

No.7, March 1906 

Dr. Paul Nathan's View of Rus* 
sian Massacre 

TABTXJNG r oportg of th e condition and future- 

of Bussia'a 6.CK | were m@.4* on 

March 12 in Berlin to the annual meeting of 

the Central Jewish Relief Leagua of Germany 

by Dr, Paul Nathan, a well-hnown Berlin public 

cist, who has returned from an extensive trip 
through Husaia as the special emissary of Jewish. 
phflanthropiBtg in England, America. and Germany, 
to arrange for distribution of the relief fund of %1r 
EOOpOOO raised after the massacres last Autumn. 

Dr. Nathan paints a horrifying picture of the 
plight and proapects of his eoreliiionists. and fore* 
ca?t3 at any hour renewed massacres Exceeding in 
extent and terror all that have gone before. He left 
Et, PetGraburg- . wSth the firm conviction that the 
Hussian Govern man t'a studied policy for the " solu- 
tion " of tfie Jewish question is systematic and mur- 
fterous extermination. 

Dr. Nathan read to tho meeting" a circular ad- 
dressed to the garrison of Odeaaa, calling upon the 
soldiers to " rise and crush the traitors T^ho are 
plotting to upset the holy Government of the Czar 
and substitute for It a Jewish empire. 11 

He concluded with an appeal to the Jewish money 
powers of the wor!4 to arrest Russia's career as a 
borrower. The financiers of the world should call a 
halt to Russia, not only *or humanitarian reasons, 
but for practical reasons- Russia's bankruptcy \$ 
an established fact, he added. 

A wall haa gone up from the Hotel Keepers* As- 
sociation of Naples to the effect that American and 
ISnglish tourists are rapidly being supplanted by 
Germans. One is informed how the Italian host does 
not r&lish the change, " Are we to credit tne Teu- 
ton>" Inquires a local papar, lP with the welcome an- 
nouncement that the Hotel l£eepers + Association has 
formed a league to protect the foreign wanderer 
from " frand, general trickery* and imposition p ? The 
proverbially deliberate economy of tho Teuton for- 
bids such an assumption, There must be some other 


Published: March 25, 1906 
Copyright ©The New Yortt Times 

"Startling reports of the condition and future of Russia's 6,000,000 Jews were 
made on March 12 in Berlin to the annual meeting of the Central Jewish Relief 
League of Germany by Dr. Paul Nathan, ... Dr. Nathan paints a horrifying picture of 
the plight and prospects of his coreligionists, and forecasts at any hours renewed 
massacres exceeding in extent and terror all that have gone before. He left St. 
Petersburg with the firm conviction that the Russian Government's studied policy 
for the "solution" of the Jewish question is systematic and murderous 

The New York Times, March 25, 1906. 

No.8, March 1908 

tushiw .11-; ws. 

A corrrapmid&Jlt of Knnmu-KI, n p*i- 
■ >;in>l hv Hiihhl V%FHHlijf''-r of ^ui 
Ff&nolfOo, gtVM a pitiful p&tUI* df th-i 
crtndttton at the J«?wa In Uuh*Iu. Hu 
??*iy* thul jmv^pty, rtlurvuticm utnl d[fl- 
«*!*♦■ ait' th* 1 iffltattQlgi w hH'h iiriw hft* 
;;**! Hi' 1 | In tlinl QOIU1* 

try ami nuutrmulit* Tha govertrniifit 
flnr -s tlfffrfd 2*r*ni-,- mikUCUTO of vdloC lQ 
Lb* MurvlTitf Rilftftlftll moiijtk ami labor- 
er; but ftir the Jqw tiuuv t« no <hoiHy p 
nn mercy 1 Tin* little ajmIkiuiicg which 

U *1 to COtfto from AmetiOO arid Kii(B- 

lutnl tfl dimfttitahlng dally. Fart ot ih*i 

II S ptflt l'V rHltllvOH Whn llHVf* «*m1i 

gf&tod In atiilvii In trJUVtftlaiilqtl, whltol 
iho^s wtii i rouki muko *un* that iftolr 
dolttV ITOllJd rairh their dwtfo4tlOT) am 
ui*rm ployed, itml M 8W«*faH| M when tht-y 
uork, an I Atr no longer nble to re-n L r 
tiny a«H.nhiJM + i-. Thi' revolutionary 
movrnwin \\a* uY^trajred ih-j |ndtiPtrl&tf 
hi the full-. Thus, fur t&at&nofti whilst 
tho fm tortf k tit Ijotla an in it wtrkiiw, 
only working lutlf ltnn\ I to: KUHftlflR 
factor! 9* at Mo«covi have fcWftH ovor 

iMi- y. But In M<wiqqv\ there are not any 
J* \\\*u worker* wimt i& to bMMM of 
11.. nuiMis of thu Jiwitjh i***pul.Miou in 

11 1 ii If befnfttl Miuii> k<ti P Li Ifl tMO* 
J*-^ s ^ tii luiik for tin- i'iiu«*^ wlu-n n, va- 
lamlty l*i nuuln^ In the hQft It li u*p- 
Uj point out 1 hut <?arlj* aiwl tni|*ru- 
1 1 mi nibffl&gtfl KM *»f ibO CM144I 

of tbu tfraftf i.'V'ity, A praach^r nf 
MdihUHluiiLHiii would probably Lnq 
loned K li- «lun*il to Hiijj^^t It 10 the 

ii..n w*.n!>[ da s -nuihiiw- btpt rtgetienu 
tiuu i& itoi ii j Miiihi, mid mqnnwltiiB ttw 
iiia^ of EtuwtRn j«w« »i^ pi ■ lhl - 

prlc« of tin- mom rmi - i y faod hnvlnif 

; 1 1 ' tbi liKtf "f iirriid huft u«n 

litMu thrcfl W IWW^ll koiwks*^ 

AimI y«5« ItntiUl Vormirwr Viha nit 

wfiiM <»r amjounutemont for ttw II** 
is ivtia Ih-Iu^v in Mw MC^nt &Wfn 

Alni i.x.k r. n ih tohtiitattoh of itw 
Mtlon in His Mttifl ,4f iM* r*tUirTji f nn 

kjiy nlher? Ami «h» kn4W« Nit 
til iimui i*r DU'iuUnn will itriluiT 

"... poverty starvation and disease are the afflictions which now beset the six 
million Jews in that country and Roumania." 

Deseret Evening News (UT), March 17, 1908. 

No. 9, February 1911 

X. Jifwntrd ihctmtfra. !■ Enfhuftd more Uub one 

At[4.-mr<l Ui rt CCb m & ttf^ ibe doctrines oi Mm uid 
Trrit*rKltr h** ton rfwlc , Tb* i^rcttin*l*n« 1 hat ■ I ihc tmw of 
ihchHTcrf CktMahnnti ScTDitiuaia pwmlcf of Hcbrrw ratr, InOfH 
■ atrnwhrljL mm in pawrr bnt lum^ird the Jcwidi kifty 14 
£af|(fcb p£iJ 4 EJi-Al ^xtrrmhiu The tAatctn criw* gf l^7fr-lll(k 
* hit: h wiu rc«ird«rd by the IJbcnl patty #f ^ri.m4riKy a slniKftk 
beiwceii rhrthtucity. x* rciirr^-n?^! h,y RuA*ia ancf ji litgrad- 

Thftnifc fthtl SroiiciifTi hni ton unmMlunl «vl ilftcmliitd, 

il l> to be IC4rtd ihjt its hiMfliT i* **>% yet at an end. White 

, . -,. ..... , :., 7 .,.-■ i- |mj ;. >...,, ; T( :- . v 4 | r < % hfc r ( , 

Are bt-mje, t)^ Eemat ically degraded, and who periodically overAnw 
I he wealem frnnsier, ihere inilit M^ti-nuc lo be a Jrwmh quritifB 
in K unifies and while [here are w^.ie fft Vein menu, and Ifmvmat 
und anpeTBtiliotu elecnenU in the eti Franc bized clauea M the 
countrtn aflcc/L ed. tlu t qumi ion will we k. la pk> a part iti potf I k*. 

"Though anti-Semitism has been unmasked and discredited, it is to be feared that 
its history is not yet at an end. While there remain in Russia and Rumania over six 
millions of Jews who are being systematically degraded, and who periodically 
overflow the western frontier, there must continue to be a Jewish question in 
Europe; and while there are weak governments, and ignorant and superstitious 
elements in the enfranchised classes of the countries affected, that question will 
seek to play a part in politics." 

The Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11 th Edition, Vol. 2. Encyclopaedia Britannica Company. 1911. P. 145. 

No.10, June 1911 



¥ur many people, who feed princlpally 
011' herrings &"d garlic 

At flrai eight the Jewish Quarter 01 
* Russian city dlEftupolnta the etran.- 
Ser? No Hebrew slgna are to b& aeen, 
for the police, bent on suppressing all 
fevrt* ofJudilfcffl *v*n in its Home, 
forbid the uw of Yidi4& for adverth£- 
mtnE. Yet, on closer inspection, ine 
■Ww are very enarsntertatlcj. To b*- 
£& with, thev are crowded ^vttn peaet- 
tri*na bearing etrtmgiy marked He- 
brew featured. The men are- dre^ed m 
Iras hsJtt. <* "Wrtea coat, reaching 
Softy to the enfcles, «nd the l>ea)"<5 
««il cr yartmilka. Some ot the yuim E er 
iSroen Have their hair halted, others 
wear the wig* prescribed for mamed 
WARSAW June 3.— Within the wpmen. whce* head* are shaved 

»«J-"* for their llv«* on the fickle HJJSui 3rjs- men wtta Chrtet-llke 

Sees and others- with Visages stamped 
With Ahe Imprtrit of worthy ineaimees. 
eft women vho might frighten children 
Hftfl oil men vlum vei',i.ilile *« ea 
and long t»a:a* are suKgesUve e-t the 
bitrJa-rche. Even In the parsing cars 
ihd Cftha Hebrews prevail, 
'In the Bide streets the homes are 
even dingier than in the main th*w- 
etwhfereg, an<I the fcho^a as emu 11 that 
they find rw«t enoi]?h. f?J their ghat- 
Id trade In the cellos Yiddish news- 
naners an books are displayed nleng- 
jrtde food cooked according to Hebrew 
rttcs and manr-hMJiohed caxtd let ticks, 
toed' even to the poorest hnuses. on thi 
iltfrtn av* Men, *»n head, look 
out int<* thfl itreet Ltapjrd children 
play gravel: in the gn^f. AH !*<* 
tlrt and \Mse; ncbeay lavgiv not even 
tha children Tier* la a ntai Pb<ciitt 

ol street mt.v^r. an*l though all ate 
huay, nooody hurries It fa the lun* 
gucr. not "I the i-itv. bui nf iMe ghet- 
to, that li upon them, showing Itaalf in 
*fce)r B*it aa well as their pale, 
strained faces 

Hauntfed to BEgpiry. 
The man coming from the bakor'B 
J*aiing a little girl hy the hand, la a 
famr ThoTiph htfc Wnd Is ever ln- 
cteeblhf, hi* plea ia re\er r^ lor 
the Je^'q do not let their poor b*g nut- 
lid* the -ghetto, but provlnea lor them 
*ltbin tie bounds In Odessa atone 
tbl* eprtng' over BO t O0U Hebrew t havfl 
l^pUed far charitable relief, and Gen* 
foim&tcheffi tho anU-Setfittic Prefect, has 
added to tfft Buffering by hampering thft 
yfofk of the Jewlih Belief tommlttee. 
tthkt 'rmy-bbaded old man is & Jaw- of 
tikti Ola PChOOl He bemoans th«i fact 
taftt that his race 1s d>1ng <rat, for-bli 
ditWren mli with th& world in a way 
fbjat pari hia orthodox infnd. He baa 

tSethlng In commem with the new Jewry, 
#hloh teJ^ea au inter eat la Rn&*1an pqli- 
afld *v*n hnmlrratea to America, He 
Ifi th6 Tflimufllstlc atmoaphere which 
provides certain parts or the ghetto 
tHQBt of the emitter provincial pet 
UeMetiti^ He ha* no work, that i? to pay. 
Se drus* nat make toots w d&thes, mend 
&r ( or re 5 cigarettea He 1a poorer than 
ihftm. Hte *lfe (Upports him by thft 
pt&oe < eds of a haaket ^blch hoJda cherries. 

Wili of th* bursancrau. TV hat i« their 
condition to-day? The answer I* to 
bo found in recent debates in tbe 
dooia; tor U h^s be$n sliown that ai- 
thoAJih foreign option ha* doqe away 
Vltt the btocdy Crimea of th& pogTOBii 
•—since Hebrew fluanclera contfoi tha 
flnencJal nsarkets of all the capitals 
ud tan hamper the Aoatinlf of lo^ns 
3-tJie lot ot the iBraelltea in fluiflla 
U worse to-day than *ver. 

Prlnc*, priest and peaeant have de- 
clared war against them- Duma mem" 
ten have lately declared that any po-, 
Alee officer ouaht to h« exiled to Si- 
ljoria for allowing Jewa to live wltixln 
the. paie— L «, In tho largft districts 
<tt esBtem and central Russia for* 
"biidea to Hebrews. Tha cobllity. who 
Recently met at their annual aelega- 
ftiwi, passed reaolutton* ttiat ihvy 
vould not allow even baptised Jaw a 
to serve tha state, either ia a military 

cr civil capacity* nor permit. Jewish 

v<iuth* to enter the aame schools as 

their own children. A* to allowing 

them to be ennobled, tho idea, the 

delegation declared, was ao prepOfl- 

terous tJiat nobody need think: of tt 

for a. single moment 
The fact that repreBentatlve^. of 

twenty-five Ruaaia-n prcvince? carried 

thft^e tesotutlona with lenthwSlasm— 

CwHy *1» desiring to modify soma of 

the clause* and only five voting 

ks&lrtst them— demonstrate a hew 

anti-Semitism 'has grown of late years 

Such f& the feeling that thera is litti* 

chance of the duma being ablo to tt- 

move the dlsabilitlea now imposed on 

the Jewa. It IS far rrtore llicely to 

Invent fresh fcn&a and establish them 

oo the statute book*. 
Russian jews art concentrated in 

the' western and southern portion o£ 

the empire for they are forbidden to 

Jlve or trade In large- cities like Mos- 
cow St. Petersburg or Kaaan, where 

Russian merchants ^^^viriw^thP Wi^" « mrti _ acceSmg" te"lhe sea- 
In cltlea like Odessa and Warsaw the. ™ * fl ^^^9, ,r1th th* rerptln* of 


*mnA» as 

»*•»*»-* I 

Saturday Morning's Express Srought Us 
Two More Shipments of beautiful Dresses 




Jews therefore form mere thati one 
third of the total population There 
are over a million, of them Jn Russian 
Poland alone, out o£ a tout population 
of 7,<HXMHiO, while who Jo towns are 
peopied by Jews in southern Russia, 
Live iff Ghetto** 

Their poverty 1b excessive and 
though thsy trade, moat of them cay* 
d* business only m a small way. They 
ar* the factors and middlemen of the 
towns they inhabit- Folic* regula- 
tions and ancient custom combine to 
coop them in certain quarters of the 
cltles f where they live as in the ghet- 
tos* ot tho Middle A***. 

Ccme with me into a Russian ghet- 
to The Hu^Bian. wocking man has 
a fixed idea that the I Jew?, however 
ta«6Y they seeia haye great i^heft 
Sored in ^fecteL He cUngs to this 11- 
luslQn In spite of the proofs cf poverty 
in th^ ghetto, a poverty exceeding 
aaythiiitf the non-Jewish masseg ever 
^^lence. But tha ftrst impression 

<ae trult. under the family bed at 
liight He will pocidcT for weeks over 
A paa*a£* in Talmud, or a sentence In 
tha Motsalo law, And pits poring over 
the Scriptures till long after his family 

Se asleep, and a awn is breaking 
tOhgh the grimmy window Even 
ghetto Ufa does not interest hint, he 
uvea with the law and the prophets 
Voeefl 3a mcn-e real to him than the 
pone* officer who forbids him to live 
elsewhere, and King Salomon the Wise 
4f far more importance than the ciar 
of all tho Kuasias, to whom l'e cue* 
attegianco. Sometimes he has Ma rao- 
^minte Of triumph, as when a rahbl 
ecmes to talk and the neighbors listen 
"With reverence v$ iM* ftld Hebrew Jn 
"Tajwed Cloth et discount* on Ihe law 

^1 puramei* tho ghetto thoroughfares 
are crowded from night fail till the 
Alriy hours of the morning You won- 
der why these herd workers do not 

" m, tul you remember the rooms At 
-"" J day tha majority, who live 

to drive Ruaslans wherever they wanted 
to go. bo he lay down Bgam anc 
the Jaw* budded togethar in the front 
of the cart, gr ew uneasy. At last the 
sober one pulled his m&tfl by tha legs 
tm he got him out, when he drew 
hU sword and tha Jbwb flnly got ctaar 
by making off at a gallop and were 
*fad to have escaped &o easily for 
they would never have obtained re- 
dress for any wrong doha to thetn, 
Markets Hurt By Jews, 

The markets df all Russian cities with- 
out the pale are Tun by the Jews, 
Their shrill crtw rend the air ae they 
walk up and down between the booths, 
calllna upon the "pretty lady" *"* *^° 
'diamond lady" or the "sweet tittle 
dcve' J te buy Everything you can 
went is to be had in Jewish, maraeU 
for the bajganioffp which is carried on 
with east*™ ***t and amoynts tn-a sport 
In which esch tide is nifty to five and 
tsie in a contest of huckstering skill. 

11 races trhich Inhabit the mighty 
Ruvl&n fin^plrt mingla here. A* « to 
aympoliae the imperial ■ nls-ht, there IS 
tho stolid Muscovite pflldler with mar- 
ket basket and bicycle, buying the din- 
ner for tils officer and i&mUy. ThtT© 
the Clrcaiflian with his lissome figure 
STid silver dHKyero* h*?e the elegant 
Russian or iPalish woman, Who Rle.rmfd 
at her eaofc's bills, has come to 
price things for herself, and drive a 
bargain over Fome lace or iiht>ou 10 r 
winch flhe would nay three times as 
much In the GentJl* shops- Th*re the 
worklrgman'a wife Is buying a few cu- 
cumbers or potatoes and looking rat- 

>r he^^Hg and retailing, move to- 
ward the markets, through the same 
aHibby streets, knocking against the 
tame people as during the idgm. 
Hare la an in tl dent I saw th* other 
A large *mpty mar- 
Jews pulled' tap it 
ttiflJng atmo&phera In winter m i";eorner, two RasBlajt soldfeja who 
Iroit suppreesea the smell In the .^ ^^ having a lift wee from il» 
atreeta. only to^use it to ba tooped a«pth* Both w*™ dfunk, and they 
Tin to double etrenffth in the rooms, demanatd that the Jews *hja« drive 
Sere Itafelt ^STim™ ale«tot * the riant, though they had Jm?*M 
SSr l^lo^imc a^emmodation ^X^^^SS^i^r^ 

ia jet.eut. but the, cart was eemfortaWa 
■uiev tikVcoiJiriae fan«d to see the pottt 
Hit oulaloii wa.that J*wsTir— " — 

SaTgaiDJ 6t the Rnaalan ghetto is ■ Wj 1. « ™«<™ , 
3$ sfmuch thai cf ^ertyaa or tha ft Jj^ftJ*^ to 
Sining atmo&phera In winter the iWIrtri Two RUHsf8 

fully at dainties she caunot affords 
here the peasant, daaed but econouitcftl, 
haggling over & pair of high boots 
f^r himself or a gaudy kerchief for nls 
wife; cooks galore, fwale and female, 
exchanging tha gossip of the hour, or 
Chaffing a marhet woman about tha 
quality of her asparagus, or the price 
Of her Blra-rcberrlea. Muscovite, Tartar, 
Polfl, Frank and Hebrew ; they are 
here in this Jewish marhet, all talking 
at ^nce, haggling, s cream Lng, raughlnf 
and swearing, ItlP a very babel or coa- 
fl let trig Bound. 

There in something for everybody— 
thinge that can be bought in every 
European market, and local products 
tntt seem Strang* to the eyes of the 
visitor IV] ge for the Jewish bride 
are plte.4 in oro basftot; veils and 
crowns for the Russian ones ndng near 
by. Clothes, furniture, fish, frtilt and 
meat are jumbled together In s weird 
mddle^ that compels curiosity, hut stag- 
gers clarification Prom these booths 
goes the food that feeds the whole 
city and the clothe* that eunip four- 
rlfths of It Here are garment* made 
In tho sweat shop*! as well ha the pro-- 
duce of the farms, whence the Jew 
brings alt the farmer ha$ tft sell and 
runs his city errands Merchants talk 
together in one language and bargain 
with their customers m another: own- 
,1ns- ready kinship with a people Vfbotoi 
* v thonaaa4 yeara and a_ nJUdtan Serse 



the trade and eommsree to the coun- 
try in the hahw el their hands, apd 
whom the Rua&lana lear more than a 
hostile army. 

Coyrtihlp In tha Ghette. 
JIojTjage takes place early in the 
ghebta Twelve yeara for a hoy and 
thirteen for a girl to the umai a^e, 
When &, suitable wits has been found 
the glrJ'g parents arrange abotit the 
dowry, which is paid to tha hoy's par- 
ents as soon as the engagement Is com" 
plsted, If ths engagement he broken 
□n within a, year the glrVlike hw ^e^' 
tile Hater, must return any present* 
eho may hsvo reoelvtdj and |the aide 
which breaka of! the union he* JO t*y 
all betrothal expenses, Thta is the 
nearest approach to breach or promise 
regulation b In Russia. But the Jew* 
never take each matters inttf Rnsalaii 
courts; they settle all dlftlcultles, do- 
meatiu or otherwise, among themselTeB< 
During tha yea? of betrothal the pair 
do not set each other. Whlla they are 
engages, the young man ta auppO*ed 
solely ±0 frequent the society of his 
own &e*< tto little bachelor parties are 
planned for the ghetto beau. HI* paT- 
eniH are affectionate, hut tha family 
apron strings are short and h* la kept 
tn close haul 

The ghetto Jew clings to the good 
old custom of marrying his children 
In front of tha synagogue. A* this is im> 
possible Jn a large town, a courtyard— 
courtyards are like bauebajl gwmnda in 
S.uGsl*—iB ehoien. According to custom, 
any learned man. can tla the matrimonial 

The orthodo* ghetto marriage happen* 
in tho evening, the trifle, with a cloth 
over her eyes— not a dlapfianoua veji— is 
brought to tha place by her parents, and 
ihft bridegroom 1s escorted by Mp people. 
The gn&flta sing and dance while the 
young couple are made better acquainted 
—that 16 to say, tha bride's eyas are un- 
covered atrd acmftbody a^kfl hef if tha 
youth pleases her. When ebe aay* 'Tei" 
her hair is shaved off close to her head, 
hops era thrown over her for prosperity, 
and the Rabbi ties the knot. Then the 
tnarrl&g* feast la eaten at the bride's 
home vVhen: the house la a very pious 
one the men and girls do not dance to- 
get her. As a rule the young people live 
Mth the wife 1 * paretilA until he to able 
to sSjti a IJting for himself 

Tha poaltion of women in the Rus- 
alan ghetto ts fiome^-hat paradoxical 
When the husband Is a, very pious man 
hie; ^Ue has to work for him and the 
thildten, wh*n he la a factor, or a mer- 
chant. hA works hard for her, and 1* only 
too nroud and happy to indfllge her In 
every way he can, 60 piety la "hot always 
a hlessing to a wife In the ghetto. 
Though eivijtt* is easier hi the ghstto 
than in America it la fax less frequent— 
which seems to point te a mod «*a*ur* 

cant* <n «w Hebrew ffiueuieirc** 

the Russian empire are 6,000,000 Jews, dependant for their lives on the fickle will 
of the bureaucrats." 

Fort Wayne Journal Gazette (IN), June 4, 191 1 , page 15. 

No.11, September 1911 



Now 4 


Enemies on all Side* of Him— F«s in Hit Own Ranks— What will 
the Outcome Be* 

By Max Nordau. 

[Ptrhap* tkt matt MirriHp odWr> m 
riWtremr nf th* Tenth Zionist *W 
WW im* that of Max A'afria 
rtnincrft Jnriutt thinkrr awt irritrr. 

77; ' addrtsi U h*rru:ith printed in 
full, ft is 'i ttritiittff mmtlyti* of 
conditions « Dr. tfordom tea 

Thr Jewish praplr s* (i-l 
perieneing the most gloomy {lays of 
it* history in the diaspora. All our 
sen Li neb jri re us bu t one report ;' ] ■ I 
on every hand!" The plngne of miii- 
Semitiim, which everywhere jdway* 
] i m I mi endentte ltn]<L i-s at pa 
Murrhiim round the whole earth ss 
if it were an epidemic. Jew-h 
which even in llir uliorl interval* of 
deceptive quiet is. norcr completely 
cxtinguisin-ij. is now hrcnlcing forth 
everywhere into white flame, 
in the hind* where vc# arc bet olf, 
we need, merely put our ear to the 
ground Hi "i ! : i>' hear, beneitli the 
thin ^npernd^t of aftkiifd, const im - 
tional equality of n|] ritixeu*. th« 
ronrinff of tiif wild waters of Judco- 
phobiii. In the mo*l ci-iiiuivipniid 
l:iiiil at I In- world, in l Ii4- html of Hi- 1 
ijrvjitrHi social justice, in ihe United 
State* of North America, the Prod* 
Iult i* con] lulled personally to nd- 
lotnister ill" iharp ™i» over the 
knuckle-* to & colonel because, in sp- 
proved faahion, In- refused tri admit 
to oosanuesiofted rank n fully quail- 
ri-'^l young man on Ui<- expreai and 
blunt ground ihnt he wa« :i Jew 

I ijonld dte similar incidents from 
many ether countries, even tho*.- 
where Jews ire Minister* and (JToin- 
funding Generals. I refrain. Such 
narrative* I ell in* inuhinfr new, mid 
among non-Jew* 1 Imv.' no desire to 
•roues the impression af cravat, effe- 
mil Kite ttliiiripi'ri»K fthlth cAfefuliy 
i.-ollett? irv?ry xmall cicn?* for otwa- 
phnnt, jihd in tearAn.1 uralU anwtt Mi^ 
or l hat ininr>' indkiljt«t in a *prci?* 
of wlf-toirture Tlif little pinpnikfl, 
if riifli are isalieloiksly if Hurn-pi- 
iinsly liiiIi.-1i-.! upon IV, the moral iu- 
milt* which w* can evade hy prond 
rwerre, >•>• perp-HuaJ self*ret$»lnti 
\vy i'aiition in onr mvi&\ bdwvior mid 
ambhl*u«. we ^m afFard to i{!norf 
wi|h little Inwt r»f dignity and linl* 1 
real injury, 

Rut whiil an w« t« do in thaw 
lauds where no conceatmcni ia made 
nf NifHrinl prejodjea nfainit m, wh«w 
no attempt i« made to perform the 
remedy of coiisljtittionril quality f 

Tlicrv, with IJii- Wild .'lu-ryy of the 

thirst for blood onr etwapttte annihila- 
tlon Em m I riven for, '"Tim broed nm-*i 
in- rooted nut:" !• thi dontinanl idew 
which dotiriuiiMi .dt lio Oovororoenl 
measures ^^ainsi our tuinappy fareth- 
pen, Jin' treattiient lo which they are 
«ubjectfr] hi JinniTtwirily charaotcviA -i 
hy the mtfd'ordre Mint the Jawo miiHt 
he " omlftwrd and dtfradttL 11 But 
th&» e^pri'Sidoufi are fi*r Uv> weak 
A cultural ehild of tin* twenlielb 
rtntury uouM neVer Rtlriljntt to out- 
lawry Hi I' terrible ofgnjfloanoti which 
it actually lias in ouearnedd 

Tin- Jtwa nr*< not only not tu ha*e nny 
civil rtphts: they nn.< tortually denied 
■'ion liiiinuii ritfhtn. nny. evm Uu 
Hghts aeeonted to the V«y nnimalv 
f»r the wifeifuardina; of wlui'li Animal 
Protection St> : -ywln^ 

iH-iiw TJir- Jew is oipoted io Iho 
!* of hrtviia. He may be 
abused^ n*hb«l, jnllaged, even rnur- 

drded IvitJiiHil (here In'Jiij; uny prO- 
teetion for him uttdcr the law OP on 
the part of Ih? luilliorilivH. If he d* 
ttmh ]iirrisi.'it", then tUi> exntesssoii *« r" 
liii- imn-vt in^tiik't ol aelf-protectjoo 
:n piunnliKtl aa [In- thohI nolent revo- 

Ttw Jew ontKt buoibly nll^w himjell 
to me ptumL'i'cil. flinE m.-, kly pretenl 
hia throat to the knife of tin a$sas- 
idjna< If the erimilUibi are ofhetnU 

there bt neither pmsfeutiir or judfe, 
If ilii'y iire private perAOaa, lh*m f iw 
a r«iult of n kind «f antooi 
the State institutions Which Work in 
;i certain way if they arc put in mo- 
tion, and in ebwlienre to the driving 
■•' their own kneoluuiiattt« they 
■n eondemned, it h true, hut only to 
Im- Uncoediately pardoned, Kveu if ti» 
vioh.'JU'c ■ " lie Jew*, there 

in. nt Ii*«.tI. eitorted from then o ea^ 
pnevousiy eattulwted and da^iieally 
expandtfil raiijwuik ihe tdfaetkih of 
which keeps them, with all tho ap- 

|Mir;Lliis of Uii^ roOit ■ tCffOlion, 

lti it |-.i|m^uilI slate of fi-nr mvr) ticmb 

linp? h in the fw,v of the iKn^ibilities 

l«irnr liy taeli Aiierei^linE hour, which 

to the £n-*t satkfaeikw of Mi ii tor 

turert, preys upon the brain and 

•• i»f their vietfttK. That 

ij -h, peal nuaniatl "f the wonl out. 

bawry, wlneb to the njaaocnatoined ear 

lifeod Mivniin-r nt ■oelety ihH-.+ 

noi. at fitst. wund loo lerrihle, 

"Proii tarjaiafiofl h " ■-/ tht U 

A itttdltr Kiate of affair* prevail* 

10; rcfiard to the Ko-enlleil "pmle- 

tmianatiou" of Ihe Jewish inaMm, Ity 

"proletariaNilion" in underload! 
simply the degradation of individuals 
and fcroo^s lo lower Htrnta of stwiity. 
their eonver^n into dependent la- 
berersi without any eOMOtttlO »e«nrity 
for the morrow, their exi-bisjon from 
higher voeatii>n* and iMipcrior educa- 
tion b witli tin- p-^ultinir inner moral 
MitUfaclJwi and exteraal honor and 
material tueeaam. fit n "proleiaria< 
^ilinnj"' in [lih ^tnst in regard to the 
tmatmeiit ef the JewMi maasej thefO 
ran lie no ijin-siiou. Tin y mrt tichwi* 
rd from all higher vnealion.f; they are 
deprived of every form of ediifMian 
—that i^ true. But they nre not e«a< 
rarted into laborer*; on the eontran*, 
'hey from 1»eeoinin^ la- 

boreri by \n-iuu: prohibited fiwa n- 
tiding in ttimost every iudwtrial di»- 
tri<'j when they migfcl 1*- oaiployed 
.Hid hy Ihear ecolnaion, in p] 
when' (bey nr*' lo]enttcd t fr*un nlinoKi 
wary iliduslrinl oeenpalmi. Tiling 
have gom ro fur Ilia I tm\*y then- are 
mi t lions of Jew* who desire uotfiing 
bitter than to beeomo iniwvrpr*, but 
even that i* noi pomihte lo I hem, 
They pariah* in culture 

and mental development, parialiH; in 
i dignity mid feneraJ eamipt- 
ioti ; init prolotariana in the OMdera 
eeooom&e sense of the word, they in:ty 
not beeomfi. 

Wftat is rimed at h not mere cut- 
lawry, noi nero "prolotaiiantlon/' 
hut diftlmnor, hmtalimt?»:9, >1>j\v ms- 
phy\i:itien, A . rhn- U \»<u,v 

mitted .itr.iiosi million* of btnoeant 
men which even in i history m rich 
in inavtaere!4 fincb- no precedent. 
When' (in- YunnurnrH of nutiquity 
KhnivlilcT'd whole ikopulatiousi run I 
drove Ihrm into sin very, more blood 
flowed, Rnl tin ■Jiich 

were the hratnl nii>uso of victories* 
tc«k place il <nl of core 

Uiet and keen hostility. Tin y did nut 
piw^-x> thi> horror of a vlow, pet 
eut H dtdiheraii?, cotd-hlooded stranjrn- 
hit ion nor any advantage for the 
murdcreji beyond the djanollenl ^ati-s. 
!.oin»n in Hi.' lioiTor eonunlLtedi The 
sliuiiiliiH-r iif Uiq Ajbigeuae* did not 
affect Os many as n twentieth to i<» 
\"i5>iim)t of Jrw-hatrcd. The 
1 1 tin: hit id by 
Bdjward I„ from Praneo by rhilip iln- 
Splendid, from the Rhine Provinces 
at the time of the blnclc den Hi. from 
Spjiin by Hit" Cathdie fclllR, Wlis. a 
tulcnibh' in Quito a weak 

ldtntstiire of mercy nnd eonscieuee 
coiuptinsl with IfcEi methodical mur 
der by the deliberate withdrawal of 
the air of life. 

Hot cover, 10 ihe himt«l dews of 
former days place* of wtiitn were 
open the Bng!)kh in France, the 

Prench itt Lorune ami Germany, the 
German in ihe Poland of CntttnJr the 
Great, the Sp/umh in the Turkey of 
Sul i. in Solim. Tonlay ihe Jew* ore 

ncii o|ieuly eaat forth, liieir proaorat' 
ors prefer lo let iheai (jfra<lually per* 
Uh on the lipid. If + however, they 

' by tliitfht rn ni<mt lo save Ihem- 
■circa from thix perftrtent martyrtlom 
no door of At^ape « open for them 
from their uutolirahh- inL*cry. Rwsey 
froatior jrleaius with bayonet*, Um 
potniq of whieh are directed a^sinst 
their hren*itN. K very w hem I hey nim- 
ble u|iou tveuehea and harriers. To- 
day then i* not a wiiftle land hoeplt 
able to the poorest of the poor and 
area Um ejfoeatedj ihe not eompli 
poverty-etridccii hare thofreateal • l i f - 
ih uity En finding en entry unywhere. 
If eon be Miid that the *ccue* of the 
pen iiiimn el Ihe Java today are be- 
coming more nnd more a gmd in 
which liny urn t!n!]itin.'d. 

W<- liu'hi upon the sbnmrb^i lie of 
etodern ■ ivilt/.uiion > we mrprko the 
orator** ihe tub thumper* -the uftlcinl 
and lotni^t' more lhau 

iii. prirato h m, > -with their mouth* 
full of ^proirrcffl;^ of "evolution," 
of " human dignity," of "jtwtiee!" 
i bey r.itllc nhmit nur 0X0 tike 
;•■' linil, the lofty, inJlnlcd and 
i, words "eeelitl sympjiiliy," 
M hre4heriy love," "homaii oitlaW 
Ihipl" f^>lenin peace conjr rentes are 
li-l'!. ot which declarations are deliv- 
oro L iftinnt war, and H*m« nrbit ration 
treatiea are eoneludisl hy fctOn* fur 
it* prevention,, while n pliilan- 
ihropist hji.n imiit for tliMo a splendid 
iMiiarc. Va^t miJIifins ore eoutilhuttd 
in every laud for the foundation of 
bene fund* for the reward of brave 
deedi in tin- eertfeeof htimantty. 

In numeruus peat dtiee rich libra- 
ries are founded for the wprea,d of cub 
lure. Vrry fine! Very beautiful! 
I'm the virtuniK ftovenimenb* which 
work with aueh noble &&I for Ihe 
spread of eternal poaeo m-'jiiLeHce in 
the downfall of six : .LtureR 

— net|iii«ice. nnd no-one, exeept ihe 
victims, raise a voice against it. al- 
thouifh this U an iueonipHrably great- 
er crime than any war, for no war 
lias i'ver yrl doatroyed si\ million hu- 
ii tan lives. The administration of 
|irr<» funds mid I ho ilistrihution of the 
interest is laid in the hmids of authori- 
ties who favor the iJi l ftmiffl ol 
even if thoy do not themselves direeb- 
ly lajattfaUi l hi' in, and in the libraries 
fni tni! M by great philanthropist* 
eager students read with pa-raionale 
enptwy tile ritual tnltnler liisl 
wrilteii by idiota, lunalies and rogues 
in auetcnt and modem lime*. 
n*fpt>crisif of the .Vilwiit 

If one appeals to the wretched hy- 
pooritee ol " human ity/* of *'pm- 
presa." of "Justice/' ehowa them the 
i-riinr DOtamitted iiKJiin^i fMit-lin v ihren, 
and asks them how they can quietly 
look on nt thin wholesale oppression, 
they wearily shrug their shoulder* 
end ronrnvur something Hkej "We 

"... the downfall of six million creatures 
million human lives." 

for no war has ever yet destroyed six 

The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), September 1 , 1911, page 1 . 

The above is from the speech of Max Nordau (real name: Simon Maximilian Sudfeld), co-founder 
of the World Zionist Organisation, at the 10th Zionist Congress in Basle, Switzerland on August 9, 
1911. The speech is also quoted in: The Jewish Chronicle (London), August 18th, 1911, page 14. 
And The Reform Advocate (Chicago), September 9th, 1911, Volume 43, page 120. 

No.12, 1912 


cards to 11,64£. The usefulness of this collection was made ap- 
parent at the time of the hearing of your Committee before the 
House Committee on Immigration in March last, when a Dumber 
of the articles on Sle were consulted and yielded valuable data 
for i d co rp oration in the testimony, and also when the recent 
Recommendations to the Immigration Commission were pre- 

The Committtee is receiving an appreciable number of requests 
for information upon various subjects, which it furnishes when- 
ever possible. 


The Washington Office has been continued* and has, as here- 
tofore, proved of great usefulness in keeping your Committee in- 
formed of affairs in Washington, 


The position of our co-religionists In Russia grows increasingly 
deplorable, and recent advices from that country Indicate that 
there is little likelihood of any relief being afforded. 

The situation is of the gravest. It may be doubted whether 
Jewry has ever confronted a greater crisis since the overthrow 
of the Jewish state by the Roman Empire, Not even the horrible 
persecutions of the times of the Crusades or the expulsion from 
Spain and Portugal affected so large a mass of our co-religionists. 
Russia has since 1B9Q adopted a deliberate plan to expel or ex 
terminate six millions of Its p*?op! no other reason than thai 

+ but prefer 

to remain Jews. To carry out this purpose, it has used several 
methods. Wholesale assassinations (called pogroms), have been 
employed in order to arouse the religious fanaticism, the greed, 
and the savagery of the needy, the ignorant and the depraved 
among the Russian people. Horrible as these pogroms are h their 
effects are trivial compared with those which have followed other 
methods countenanced by that Government. The Jewish inhabi- 
tants of the congested Pale of Settlement are being harassed by 
restrictions on their ordinary activities, by practical dental to a 
serious extent of the right to educate their children, and by hav- 
ing thrust upon them by force, large numbers of their co-religiou- 
ists who had settled in other places within the Empire and had 
there been usefully employed. By this insidious process, the 
Russian Government wickedly and artificially creates unnatural 
conditions that enable Jt to twist economic and social laws into 
the service of persecution, and it believes that by their operation 
the ultimate expulsion or destruction of the Jews of Russia is 
assured. From the point of view of that Government, this 
method has the further advantage that it avoids the cry of horror 

"Russia has since 1890 adopted a deliberate plan to expel or exterminate six 
millions of its people for no other reason than that they refuse to become 
members of the Greek Church, but prefer to remain Jews." 

American Jewish Year Book Volume 13 (191 1 - 1912), page 308. 



No. 13, September 1912 


Abrogation of Ruum&n Treaty 
the Big Event, He Says. 

Slandlns aLon.* g-r ^h* ^r*«t platform of 
Camap!# HjiLI in front of a trta-cent of 
rc»ri*ringf p&lm-:. RiitS-L Rtophon .= . w: 4 a 
addrc-BB^d ah audience Of * thoujar.d or 
mar* ]*Bt nlffnt at the flrat of inn Holy 
Day sjioPHflOM of the FYae flynjiaw^e, ^n 
U &T*: Tho Story of a Tear In taraot at 
TTifnr in[5 Abroad." Fe appf.»lo£ Erv hi 5 

U««jr«r» to i?r*o tho-ae In ntfd py making 
th« N>W Year oha taJU nf Hirnr And mora 

or hop*, 

"V?o Bto the mtn and woman wilh 
Thorn time d-u-si net count*" p9 Wis* 
aa*d a "tor what in «*• t*»t m -i.Wft^ But 
!*?( yofcr hft-a rount*d with ekntii v*ry- 
mournfully- Think o* the jtrtat and 1 
tragic aorrow ch*tj broke, i multitude cif 
heart*, of thn rtcrtfloo of men thfci woman 
mlfl?hr Yivty— thn Titan 1 irAjtrrty. B& lo- 
n£stit we remember Ehat Jewish ff-tntle- 
jniui, laJdor Strau/i, and the Trff" who- 
Jn !!Ct ■:■>■; 'd not bt without hJm Ln that 
awful hour, ThJnk of mhmr graat men 
we hai p c loflE !n tho ^oar, rja.vjd Blau- 
attl-^ ftocbaohlld aiidl other* Then think 
or me fact that tha two Noh fl l prLrea 
War* bow taken E>y Jawa. 

"The moat coaapLcuouiH e^ent ol iho 
year ■»■&* thn abrAtfatlofi by the Unttrf 
Htatef of ita tirasy with Huaala,."" *ald 
Dn WLaa. 

"W!wfl lh*» S 6TtimtfttaT naa taken On 
nectfaaary atepa there will bo no in of a 
violation of tho aacrerfnora of American 
cU^fnEkblp In TtujBLa.'" he tfGcLtrcd, 

"Wp U* looklnfl- to a .trea.ty at abroga- 
tion between GreiU Britain an J Auaata." 
ha contLn-yoc-U "KusuLn. Lu n4« AJJiiiiy:xJ&t» 
5n( the J*w&. It dooa not daj* co offend 
the nation j by bdood BzlEHntf, eo it" ia 
Blowly. but aur^ly ffrmdlnj out the SLvai 
AC tytW&.Q&O Jewa *rhe rasult tbe-ro in pb/ah 
caL |jo\ r erty. ma r&L and tipLHtuar degrada- 

J, [ wSIL Juat toucb m.* prMin'./' ^e wsth 
ojv ,p i>n thn -cryiRff BltuatLon in New York. 
upon whluh I dhaJI speak mcira fulSy to- 
morrow. If oVKi-ytl-LLng- elji» In {b-»?L ahed 
f^ftdnaea and jo^ F thn r.nUPflnLngra la Jnsi 
two montha In Now To-rV m-n-Ko u* bow^ 
our boadn In Abune. The ablaSd of Iacasl 
t:4ti b**n dra4rf«4 l?i tlm swJr*. Tho tvoaor 
Of larad 1:» fec*n d*; rid ad. Wc or ay 
OiTftt fi.ffB.ln to h4?u- o* I'J^h iplrltual d3a^ 
aator ?n.ll:ij« on iha tteada- of IaraoJ, i! 

■H , 1 W 

New York Tribune 

Ttuirsdiiy SefJlember 12., 1912, p.9 

Et^^ ^^ie-^ttS^'teSi^ 


"" ■-■" 

ji;—.————. _ ™ TS^Mri-' ~" ii_= 

...•_.'._. .. 

^p^ ^^^=Si 

. ^-,. 

■ ■■ 


■ * ":^§-/p'. — - — " ^_ 1 ~ " 

■r.;."!^ ..-/-_-•.-;. 


.,■ w — 

"Russia is now asphyxiating the Jews. It does not dare to offend the nations by 
blood spilling, so it is slowly, but surely grinding out the lives of 6,000,000 Jews." 

The above is from a speech made by American Zionist leader Rabbi Stephen S. Wise at Carnegie 
Hall, New York, on September 11, 1912. He was the first in our list, this is his second 
appearance, and far from his final one. 

New York Tribune, September 12, 1912, page 9. 

No. 14, October 1913 

wpjix una 1+un.ujiy af PJr L |»r Iff 

rnrt W«ynf 1* tin** 

av maii. e:n AByfthfce= 

Bally, **I+h l^fl^v. on* ymr T V^ 

Djj|^ with t tit fturdiy, tfM fl y*.ip 3_§Q 

»Jf(y, *Eth Survdjy win rncnth. ., . .U 
ti*Jry-, WlTl-aut Sur.djy, r>?l* liDflti,, .50 

fiuntfiy ltli!«, on* ynip ,,,,..., £.00 

tuntJfey luuf, Drtif JTiflrtt.l _.. .S3 

Saturday, O&mrf!- 1G. 1&13L- 

Th# Buck*:^™ ijoitbv iliit corpora 
tSon. AoIIhtj Uil] ftJ:i i>n> ^Iq: tjoa. 

Tbat« art Fix mNlEon. Jliwo i^ Jtu*- 
bj* und tUf? grjVfrmm*Qi if cr L Kii?ua 
to them by rn&LUQtia that 
■prfiva'teis prole at x 'rim r^ -/lU^a 

n QilJ_ 

Wc TTouLd ICka lc* hcttj- fuim Ht,j.. 
Ferry Ji. Randall tin ten Sunrluy sn- 

!cj(itL tjtl:a cur rrl-iwl Eiifk iuitl l';j£ 
Whirl llfffil*. Ijrftihpr T^n7idM: can UJL 
& nighty in;crnBJJric Story or Hah bath 
ii*y law and ora&r_ 

v*aiod Tnaro thnn J2* p tf[i& j-j J is uam- 
Ttalxn acaitiat ihft eky UpMJn^ plant; 
hirtns expert LtM^uuuiiKfi ta mvcath 
gstw thrt finfl.-ir*^ af t!i* confr^rn and 
JttVCflUljff a: em/ daLlaxa Ja Jl £lettrit 

lit mU Mr. McCullacfc was vJJHuje 
£& Elvc to 5lr_ Has«y 1ri# credit rhut 
Wia justly *]s auo Tor bift f rtHUy to 
tins i^cplea LtiLflreflc*. uut J>& 1s now 
*j*t*_Lit*Cl iviih 2 bunch or asi»-r::nii*d 
politicians *;-.u r,y# i^kin^, not &a 
much iu tl«t Charles jr. ttuck, of! j 
J t»Ilnd tlfl&r fume, fcu[ r. <Vf r «l Ticm- i 
eat pii: Hru»u k 

Kot only <Md Cbitrift* McCLilEAth 

eanimunJciiLcn r* rna aantir*[, but h* 
also firmed his vole a of nnat#fit in tk* 
aEfftTTitit nr fjift traction comp.Tnx to 
pr^VRTir Mr. Hos^y from TtffiUInc hla 

rhfl rlry fcnd mevre mgh lH^t^ th«flr4 
-.vera I'Yiprci'r^ent bnn^A on Oie mar- 
ktt. Ben da w-crc bjucht whai Ixsnda 
^■eri; f-jj- 5nle antL :l t t= Liul«.o.rt^ was re- 
1 curie I in tJ)ft fund until mo^ bor.d-i 

>> «i_ 


pal I l^-h f [ilnn:. In that rs^nta Lht f M " p < h *^ r ^^ ^^'^ ** t*\* hi>ri-!lt rf fn? 

v jJ^lf lifting Ijiw 'J 1-i^.lnK^.T! -ifinLina.ry idt 

^ " *' u Ttn pr-JTir-rtv ws-.a \TarH"i nbri»l Fnntifi 

WARSAW 9 Irti. Ctt. 1"r.— With dm re- 
fusal or 1 r«e apFett*ie eojrt to ffram aa 

tLpjjt-al in the punremi caiirC nf inrtiir.n. 

' ^* , t^i»Lvi*i: Jen ^r,n'.JLly or ;1,DIm7 ftrtrt liia -H'iff 
W X T M"OM)EH IIL'E r!E?CTLFMi^%' - *' iufl n 5 " par ^^ v - r111 yfitr* later \Tv* naya. 

u-hn lirtcL acoi^i^Lhittc! nearly %&,<&$ by 
lirtVhlt UNil lrtV*yl(ll£ It; a ;u:nni '.y, mjirJo 
il flf.^ , J ^^1 t6 tlLf chor^h. Aitt-x 111? 
Lnith I'.la Itf-lr? r^ii]n^[i^*Ml suit fn > w : 
ri s-frl .-Jrn M:p r^l^ciJIiJ d^iid cIiLfiTi:ni7 Hint ilr. 
11 ay 1 -was of un^mtrid mltid when iit n:i Ic 

tin; lrtai r?c!vis. T^l?* V*iVJ]cc bilrjf i^r tit* 


Axxrous to tt.svent tke cixr 

"There are six million Jews in Russia and the government is anxious to annihilate 
them by methods that provoke protests from the civilized world." 

Fort Wayne Journal Gazette (IN), October 18, 1913, page 4. 

No. 15, December 1914 


American Committee Tells of Suf- 
fering Due to the War, 

The American Jewish Relief Com- 
mitted callefl Into hefng at a conference 
of more than 100 national Jewish organ- 
izations which was held at Temple 
Emanu-EI on Oct. 25 to consider the 
plight of more than ^M I who 

live within the war zone, has eleoted 
Louis Marshall Chairman, Cyrus L. 
Sulzberger Secretary, and Felix M. 
Warburg- Treasurer, and has Usued tha 
following appeal: 

The American Jewish Relief Commute* 
for Sufferer* from the "War appeal B to you 
to aid i with the utmost generosity R-nd self- 
sacrifice, the fund now being: gathered to 
provide relief for the farnilh-a- of the Jew- 
ish people Jn various parts of Europe and 
Asia who have been deprived of their 
means of sustenance either through the 
killing or woundlnj: of thetr bread win- 
ners t through the destruction of the towna 
tu which they Jive, or through the result- 
ing economic distress. 

Our coreligionists. In common with their 
fellow -citizens of other creeds are con- 
tributing with their usual liberality to the 
eevaral national and international relief 
funds, Neither these contribu Lions nor 
those for local ehartttea should be lessened 
hy reason of the necessity which Impel a 
ua to make this special appeal to their 

Tho disaster, In which the whole world 
shares, falls with disproportionate weight 
upon the Jewish people, mrtro tlian nine 
milliona of whom !fvp jn the countries at 
war und over six millions of these in the 
actual war zone In Poland, Gallcla, and 
the whole Russian frontier, Throughout 
thia section the horrors of war and the dev- 
astation due to conflict hav* come upon a 
population already so oppressed and Im- 
poverished by jpereecution as to leave no 
reserve for this new calamity. Hunger, 
disease, destitution in its extremist form 
confront a Jewish population as numerous 
as that of Belgium. 

Tlieee exceptional circumstances have 
Impelled the formation of the American 
Jewish Relief Committee, with a view to 
unite all sections of Jewry In the United 
Slates In thJs supreme effort In the great- 
est crisis that ban faced the Jewish people 
in modern times, KtpresunLatives from air 
parts of the United States cind of every 
shade of opinion have participated In the> 
deliberations which brought about the for- 
mation of this committee In the hope that 
united, concerted action would produce the 
most effective results. 

In Poland and Galloia* where great con- 
tending armies are now emjrtfrerl, It would 
not be wise to Intrust a committee of peo- 
ple who have Instituted a rollt^ious and 
racial noycott against Jews with ihe duty 
of aiding or distributing funds among; the 
large Jewish population In those countries* 
The sad conditions In Russia are well 
known. Palestine whose mnin source of 
subsistence fa cut off + and whose economic 
life ha? heen paralyzed, Is likewise In 
urgent need. 

In view of these considerations and the 
exceptional severity of the conditions, we 
appeal to the Jews of America to come 
without stint to the rescue of their af- 
flicted brethren, It Is the purpose of this 
committee, should it be found that no re- 
lief funds are available in Those, districts, 
that this fund be applied to :he relief of 
the most urgent distress! without regard 
to race or creed. 

At the time of the Russian Fa fcroms the 
Jowfi of this country contributed nearly 
$1,500,000 for the relief of the victims. The 
present calamity is vastly greater and re- 
quires, accordingly, greater measure of 

In cities which have already established 
associate relief committees m* a<*k you tn 
make your donations anil pledges to your 
local Treasurer, or, If ynu are a member 
of ft nMlonal organisation hi co^operniJon 
with this committee h to the Treasurer of 
your organization, or ;o seB'l your checks 
or pledges direct to tho Treasurer of thr 
Atntrican Jewish Heliuf Committee. Felix 
M. Warburg^ 53 William Street* New York. 

. This appeal is signed t>y the Executive 
Committee, made up o£ prominent citi- 
zens of a3I the larger cities in the, coun- 

€kt iNVtu JJork Simcs 

Published: December 2, 19 14 
Copyright © The New York Times 

"... the plight of more than 6,000,000 Jews who live within the war zone, ... The 
disaster, in which the whole world shares, falls with disproportionate weight upon 
the Jewish people, more than nine millions of whom live in the countries at war 
and over six millions of these in the actual war zone in Poland, Galicia, and the 
whole Russian frontier." 

The New York Times, December 2, 1914. 

No. 16, January 1915 


Louts Marshall Denounces Apa- 
thy Toward Suffering of 


Jacob H. Schiff, Meyer London, and 

Dr. Endow Plead with the 

Rich to Give. 

Louis Marshall, speaking at a meeting 
In Temple Emanu-FJ last night, de- 
plored what he termed the failure o£ the 
Jews of America, particularly of New 
York, to real jot the terrible calamity 
tbat has overtaken the millions of Jews 
•whose homes are in the eastern theatre 
of the European war* 

The meeting- was held in the interest 
of the American Jewish Relief Commit- 
tee, of which committee Mr. Marshall it? 
President, Besides Mr* Marshall Con- 
gressman-elect Meyer London, and the 
Bev, r>r> H. G. Enelow of Temple 

Emanu-E1 spoke* Like Mr. Marshall, 
each deplored the fact that the Jews of 
America have not given the assistance 
they should to thHr suffering coreli- 
gionists. Further emphasis on the same 
subject is as contained in a letter from 
Jacob H, Schiff- road by Mr, Marshall, 
** It is discouraging,," said Mr. Mar- 
shall," to those who have devoted *o 
much tJme and energy to this -work that 
there has been so small a response from 

Jews in New York, a city which is so 
great a Jewish centre* It seems to me 
that the people are so dazed by the Eu- 
ropean cataclysm that they are unable 
to realize that ft is their duty to aid 
of those who are suffering through the 

J * In the world today there are about 
l"*00u,0 00 Jews, of whom more than H 
OOrt.000 are in the very heart of the war 
zone; Jews whose lives are at stake and 
who today are subjected 10 every man* 
ner of suffering: and sorrorw, and the 
ererat American Jewish community is 
not doin^ its duty toward these suffer- 
ers. In the United States there are be- 
tween 2 # 000,000 and ;UJOO,O0O Jews, nearly 
all able to do soracthfnfi: and yet* after 
months of work, we have not raised 
more thas 5300,000* In New Tork there 
are more than l + 000 t 000 Jews, some of 
them person* of great affluence, but 
many of them seem to think if they rivc 
a few hundred dollars iliey have done 
their duty* 

" We hear of pogroms in Russia, in 
Poland. In Galjci& t and et we sit in- 
ttifferrnt* In Palestine stanza tion stalks 
through the land, ^bal) we selfishly 
enjov ourselves and say we would liKe 
to* out cannot helfi because of h:ird 
times, and thinU we are dmns out duty"? 
>*o. Tne time baa come for every man 
and women and child to do his duty* 
and we must fulfill that duty quickly 
or it may be too late in hundreds of 
thousands of caws," 

At this point Mr. Marshall read Mr\ 
SchifTs letter, Mr. Schiff said his own 
interest in the work was intense, anil 
that it should appeal to every Jew t 
Private reports lie has received* Mr, 
Schiff said* showed condition? in Rus- 
sia, Palestine, Poland, and Gal tela f the 
frightful nature of which could not be 

He said that the TSmanu-El congrega- 
tion is thf* largesi and wealthiest in the 
United States and hoped that its mem- 
bers would give In proportion to their 
means. He further suggested a com- 
mittee to canvass the con gr elation for 
a. Temple Emanu-EI Fund and said he 
would contribute. Mr. Marshal! put the 
suggestion in the form of a motion which 
ti-rs unanimously carried, Mr t Marshall 
-will name the committee soon, 

Mr, London said this was the ** worst 
period in Jewish history/* and that the 
havinff of m ill ions of Jewish peoples 
rk-penfled on the generosity of more for- 
tunate Jews of the United State*- 
T>t% Enelow emphasized what Mr* Mar- 
Shall had said and added that never 
before were the Jews of this country 
confronted with *o £reat a duty. 

"In the world today there are about 13,000,000 Jews, of whom more 
than 6,000,000 are in the heart of the war zone; Jews whose lives are at stake and 
who today are subjected to every manner of suffering and sorrow ... Mr. London 
said this was the "worst period in Jewish history," 

The New York Times, January 14, 1915. 

No.17, June 1915 

M. Miklikaff, Mlnitter of the 

StVE th* 4!^Mrruefton nf rfcr Tpm- 
pIp m J*ruf«|*fti thi J«*j*h 
P*eplp» h*T* h*d no dmrker pujrr 
In thpJr hlitory thin th.ii which 
ih# Kjuita nov^mirifrtt: in wrum* 

t*-<liy. Bji milllftn Jftw», fiftf-Tiilf r>f 
thi >«1ih prn|iJ* iTirtaupj.icul tli» 
*ort^, ftfr brjnff f htm-t u E#d. h'Hinde'L 
humisi&f^d p tortur*d H *i*rv*d. Thnu^ 
Minii nf fcliPin hav# b*#n plaurthiffrpd. 
Hundrtdp *>f Lhaujindn n-f Jpw*. nid 
mm, nfim^n and chLdrcru jjjrp bt.iripT 
dm-n mprM^Sriuiiy frnTtl town to tOWPjj. 

--dnvpn t*jf ihp JiiiYtrnmtnL iitp^kfrfl 
toy th# ith*iip# nf thf.r'nvn. ^ynlrjv 
ipl^Bd^f^ , ltV j uulrjurril. 

' | UMir hrvthrpn. hai-p frtP-rrjf «n the 
• ii million J ppt* m Rnwl* *nd take 

our fhpiri ! ^nk the Hi.**lin Min>i*r B 
why wpj irf fcel-n* mrtt-rnl p>n pnercH- 
irwnly. i>ur r hi I if en ft r »* pUujrhtefpd 
In- l"h* ' irmv Wp if* ffllV 
IrJk'iUlnn Lftfifr* plhth ftf m^Tiry lor* 

nut w* pre ■EinrVpHl frr>m nt ■Wp* 

We Tipy* n^ rlchti Wf pre 4lrlv*n 
frflTTi *he vMLpbpp Whtttvff Kh*y ?*n 
fin-S ■fl-i ii IIipv r**l l( ni^fi ■"■* 

H f> l-fifrt, mifcp ftPi enrl \n our pufFpf- 
snpA' We h»^p Jn pirprnflU Ip end^rp 
them pnj- l^nirpr. ThiP Lpiter Ip wrltM 
with Bpbtp p ml hlnr>d T wpti(p^ ffi 
writ* rnnrh m^re, hut 1 jim pjiiTb Itlftt 
puck, a leTlef Wflula" Ji"r rrrtch you. 
Tpoba a FmHh fluffeTer 

-Cpiitii WnLSttPKt.*' 

®bc £tm. ^TSESSBa. 

Horrors Worse Than Ktshineff 

Voree Than Klthtaeff "A _ <SEa^* »*!.>,«& •> 

Charged Against Russia To-day[ =" ^^"MBgg^ " J 

r'-r^-. Twu-l*. T • ^r i!-^_, ■ tar.— _■=--■=-= ^ ■:. — , i.__ „!, ^ A 

■:,™,. ... w ^i, rf 
Mldtca"* Win-TTiX Hurrmrr -Cl^illilrlJ 

110 t.ibiw Dhiw. A- 4X.H 

ija — i-n-> r-B-i- 


"2pj rM I -- liJ i^^ H "f ij ^L^? rt ^ s ' b 2i.!r^ 

^-r_r^||5 < 


■■' ■ - ' 

■ -_ _ ■:: 


■7-rTr Hi.-.l-r.l Hrj^v Hril-lriHi 
l!-|-n tmip ftim 

— - — . i ■—-■- 

jggj^Ejgl^Jl JBIE Etslgr gg^r 

. ; . ■ -..-...■. 

SwBSiS&.~«j : ^:..-J:i: ■ ^. 

r_ng,^ ^7itr j bp-i 1 - -p^3.- - 


"Six million Jews, one-half of the Jewish people throughout the world, are being 
persecuted, hounded, humiliated, tortured, starved. ... have mercy on the six 
million Jews in Russia ... being tortured so mercilessly." 

The Sun (New York), June 6, 1915, section 5, page 1 . 

No.18, June 1915 


be tbur God, and ihc>» *hall Ik- my people." (XXXI 33 j? Wwtevtmh, a 
i iii.naii writer. i> a better theologian than Dr. Dam, for he fmds God irj 
?*on« and brook? ;;i:.| nWcrt of the field, Cod has always spoken to ihe 
heart! of men, What puzagfcs lit is the intcrprctaikm modern CUrkiiaiis place 
upon the act* of European* who profess Christianity, and supposedly 
hear the voice of God* yet land the continuance of the present war* II 
we jndfce religion by its fruit, instead of the "new Mycnaat" bcin^ the 
message oF the Sprint* of peace." it is rattier emphasising ihe verse in 
Ma i the w\ "Think not that 1 am come to send peace on earth. J come 
not [fl $enc| peace but a sword." (X-34). 

May we surest to the preachers of America that instead of prov- 
ing how much heller I heir book is than our own, tlicy limit their 
efforts 10 maliine; the lives of their parishioner? square with the high 
ideals, they profess. 


"Lend a Hand" is the appropriate name of a journal which has just 
published its iniiial number. Edited hy Mr. Charles f. Cooper, of the 
Tinki! Hebrew Relief Association, it is intended to pive publicity to the 
work of our local philanthropic*. The idea U a splendid One, "and tin- 
paper deserves every encouragement. We trust thai h* appeals for i-arU 
■ ii. articles will be successful, and we are sure that its portrayal of 
recent case* will interest our people in the society's work 



By Joseph D. Snitzer. 
'Jlic most dreaded, I he most feared has happened! The wanderer's 
slaff ha* hcen forced once more into the hands of the much-suffered 
Rutttan Jew* and as in the infamous days of Ferdinand and Isabella, 
they are turned loose in a cruel worb! with a !ort# k perilous and a-; 
journey before them. 

Four weeks ago I cautioned American Jews tn exercise more tact 
and diplomacy in their utterance* and to cease attacking one nation in 
favor of the other, for "(he Old World Jews may conn- to harm our un- 
called for propaganda," W« unto u*— this prediction ha? come true, 

No less a personage than Chief Rabbi Ehrcnprcis of Sweden, cables 
the follow in p appeal: 

"Freun trustworthy wawi I leatn tail die ?nrire Jenirii jwpiilatien of |h* 
prflvirKf* a-t (Covna. Kwland and pari &i SuwaEki. 200,000 pc non* all told, were 
fxtidkd from their ritaees ef settlement. 

lOO.TOQ of unfortunate brethren and ri»l«rg wer* r*j>Hted Crorn lliote plaeei 
tent* d*?l iK*». TomtliHF will), ihete 200,000 new martyr*. WVW Jew* Are n*w 
winder in c about hc-melc** and starving. 

Ai a thunderbolt front hclven came this la it edict. The unfertunatca did 
ii. i run ha-.? tuftbjtSi iEirt c t* bury their drtd", to tare for their wounded, ie 
I>repiaTe the sick for the fright Ful and ajiule** jasiraey, 

AS! had to EFib the wanderer"* itafT and Eo^mmheri and diUEhttw, Brand* 
father* and grandchildren. 

As toon a* the hellish edkt was proclaimed, tht }&.-& ?*-4ie«!ed whh the 
only mtatii *v*uW*— Ititt Spd femtatatfonj, Thjs only influenced the hlood- 
sh|r*iy Eo-vernmcnt to ?rjint thean a v.&y lonf eniSLijftH to hury the dead and to 
:ate a^ nn^th o? (heir prg-p*ity a* ih^y tontd |w>F^ib(y «iTfy. PttOVEUt'.tl T,lV- 

Thi* deadly matrft vr*% relented by tht tortured *md dc^pairii*^ J« ws And 
rather naan leave their hr-^thren In lhn< of tht fBOtfrfn TJtup. ihivy f^ 
•lined ic fate flH their property and leaving the dead to hnry (he dea,d d they have 
mertlv taltcti alctHf the fiefc a.nd wouaded. 

Many of thie died while enronte and the wanderer* had to leave them in 
(h* open Geld, , . ■ Terrible and frightful li their ntili. 

Over a millteifl rubles muit be secured at ante for she tflpport of tfcepc un- 

Ameritatt j*vf*. help! Help ii imperalivt and! urgent £ The misfortune i% 
104 gigaolk 10 postpone it for even another moment. 


300,000 Jews were thus transformed, by one stroke of the pen of a 
Russian cannibal, into paupers; into homeless and pen ni kits beggars, 
3AO.OG0 jews were in the course of a few hours exiled from their hornet 
without even bein# granted enough lime to bury iheir dead nnd to 
care for <hvtr sick. 

Hunk of this apaltfng catastrophe and yonr blood will freez-e, your 
heart will cease beatinp; and your hair will stand on edge. 

History hardly knows of a parallel. The destruction of the Tempte 
by Titus was accompanied with less refined 1 barbarities and blood curd- 
ling atrocities, than this twentieth ccntnry world war. 

The annihilation of the jix million jews now congregated in the I 
lin^ian domains rocs On in a well die fined and systematic manner. Ii I 
is to Nicho!**' ;i'Kania^e to subject lii^ *%eloved fewff* lo a sU*s\ ,limI I 
cxcrutiaiinK death, rather than to a quick, yet conspicuous extermination. I 

And while Inia tragedy is heinp; enacted on the blood so&kcd soil 
fli Poland, humane governments are looking I6ly on. Their Icailer* vAm 
i-fj mtLu-lj breath preaching the "Peace on earth and good will 
toward* tnen" fable, dare not check the assassin^ murderous hand. 

The firtfier of scorn is. *\$n ODinlcl at Ir'tiifl-in'l. ] t i^ iiitinlfiicel in 
certain ^pliercs, that England who is in a position io materially lighten 
the burden of the Jews in Russia has done absolutely nothing in this 

respect, I will eo a slcp further and sav that ^he deliberately nesfleetcd 
to dp something— and yet if we IMPARTIALLY dissect and analyse all 
the pros and ccms in ibis matter, we must exonerate England from alt 
possible Ida rue and ii K ihc feAponsil>llity elsewhere. The stand of aSmost 
the entire! J«vish press, whictt ifrom the' very first day of the war declared 
itself etnohatkalbf pro- Germ an and hostile' to Fn^land, has much to t\** 
with it. The lofcie of (hop* editors is hatd Lo follow. We are all united 
OI ^? u / w : anc ^ ^ of us ahh(>r ^€ accursed l^nr! of the Czar h but to foist 
such feelings of avarice and enmity on England is a grievous mistake. 
Because (Hie haie^ Kussia h it is hardly reason enough to make France 
and England the target for most vicious attacks. Israel ZanpwiT! haa 
almost been declared by certain pro-German scribes as a Russian agent 
and assaults were showered upon him in such an incessant and proline 
stream, that l he ercat jew had to withdraw from fmblk life broken 
hearted, Every unfortunate incident has been magnified and every in- 
sigttifkant, yel unpleasanl circumstance which form an uncontrollable 
t'lcrneuc hi every n^t:or>ai crisis has been frightfully ocaj&eratcd. Brit- 
isli anti-Gcrmrin riots were pronounced by (hem a* padroni 5 against 
J*w*; because a f t w wealthy Jews ot Germanic origin were compelled 
to re&ijjn from their public offices, they interpreted it as an undeniable 
I Jewish prosecution in England and the reorganization of the 
lintijh cabtnetand the thereof enduing disposal of the few Jewish cabinet 
members, has liccn branded as an unheard of ,-Wi -Semitic act. 

I speak not thus to mitigate the merits of Germany and Austria as 
regards Hie Jewish nation, but I leave 5 1 to the staunchest friends of Ger- 
many 10 decide, whether England o,nd France can be rightfully con- 
demncrl. \\? leave it to I hem lo show; where and wlien tEie^e two" court- 
tn« pqroved themselves less friendly to Jews than Germ an v. Do they 
fOriB*t rbat Zangwill Ind hack of him tbc hona fide promise 'of the Brit- 
ish government to emancipate the Russian few, ivhen ihvirc were no 
s-u.cH promises made by the other side? Do they know that the vellew 
fuess ol Germany is even now carrying 011 a verv disastrous crusade 
against Jews and Judaism, and that throughout I he Fatherland the 
breach of relations between Germany and the United States is directly 
attributed to the unsavoi j ,i ffce "lew' r Dumber^ ? Do they realise 

that even the Prince of Bati^nberff, a relative of King Gcor^ had to 
resign From his offices, that even Kitehner is bein£ arraigned by British 
.1 -a 1 capers and that alonp with the deposed Jewish cabinet members, 
even a man fikc Churchill went down* 

£EJ5?^S25 U " WS ' ^ 0T " n[ vr WK CONSIDER THEtR GOV- 

Is it for you. American jews, to take jiidcuf Ii it for you to point 
out 10 England her salvation; to condemn her nil ranees, to reval at her 
misforluntH,? Who are those orator, scribes and Mucdo-thinker* who 
tie of a proclaimed neutrally dare onenly and publielv to further 
the interests of a belh^crent; who fco even so far as to criticize this gov- 
e^nmej liey? Who are they who recalcitrate about the Presi- 

dent's act ton and in words of blackest venom denounce his every move? 
Who ha* Riven Ihese ?elf-aj)pointefl spokesmen a riKht to speak for (he 
Jewish nation and thus jeopardise the wcMan? of a people? WHO HAS 

'Truth* would ilicy ttich or Ate a unking land? 
All their inotivef dhtru^t. a^d few Understand." 

Vain Uh^icnisjs, who have it riven for a prismatic bubble on a re- 
ceding wave. Why seamed you one £O v *nimcnt p are-nscd the wrath of 
another, when absolutely no reward awaits your pains? You deceived 
yourselves with a painted beauty and thus invoked the inevitable pen- 
ally. You have failed to study the past, you ignored tht dictum s of (he 
- -behedd then the future. A puth of torture, strcivn with corpses? : 
n monstrooa river of blond, wreclcnpfe and ruin : a graveyard where voui" 
nest and your home only yesterday were basking in the golden glory 
<eate shit, You have scorned England, hecaitsc yon hated Russia : 
you have sworn enmitv undying and tnextiuRtiifihahle to the land of the 
Muscovites anel meted it on the (and oF BeaconsfkJd and iEontcfiore; 
you ha\-e deiccrnted the cradle of liberty nnd equal ity-^behnld then the 
hair racing- result, 

A> }<ews you should sympathise ivilh all those belligerents, who iri 
needy moments consoled and assisted us, regardless of how they aee, 
lined up in the battlefield. Then yon would have been truly neutral, 
then you would have shown a true A ..lean sjjirit. Remember, thai 
.liter all thai h-a^ been *aid nr done, your sympathies are nf little MILI- 
TARY VALUE to the warring nations, but whale eucOurapemenl un- 
consctously prn«no^os tziutua! appreciation, vicious attacks serve to an- 
tagontrc: and ircitc rlangerous passions. 

This is human nature ^rtd it* laws ,-irc all-nowerfut and rojghty. It 
tislen* not to baseless arguments or j;roiindle^s pre^uniptions never 

■will vou be able to thwart iH \vorfcings, to defy Us sovereign power. 
Stand then back. You have tarried 100 long on a dangerous 3 


"The annihilation of the six million Jews now congregated in the Russian domains 
goes on in a well defined and systematic manner." 

The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), June 25th, 1915, page 2. 

No. 19, December 1915 

m^t l£*mt|i! 



U«Tr<!inc i a inf«»rn at ion from Ruv- 
i the rendition of the Jewa in l*w- 
..»i«i m daily getting v«irM». Hu> nn 
Poland ront:im» a larger muni* i • i 
.lew* than all the emintrie* of ih.« 
world together, and tl« <-■«*■ »ix millions 
nt Ruapian an«l Pnliah Jewa are to-day 
'.)it moat nitiahU* victim* of 1h.1t ra 
liMred ana thai rare fanitinMii nhnh 
hare been the tTeed of tfcrniany at> I 
which hare teen too nfWn propagated 
bv the Jcninh piiMiciaia them*elr«>. 
Aalv-S*»m»tUm har* h#en rife in civ • 
country. Hat only in Grcmany ha* it 
\#+n preached a* a atraumatic dnctnne. 
Th«- ■ vne nniioiftl hratorian. Tnel- 
achke, who waa the champion of I'm -- 
aian militariara, haa alio been tli»» 
lather ol Uernian nnti-SeinitiMii. Ind 
vet leading Jew* like Miaimilan Har- 
den. JVrnbcre, and Wolff are at ill de- 
fending the righttfoii* German mar, and 
ore at ill loyal to the Kuprr-rarc. 

"... six millions of Russian and Polish Jews are to-day the most pitiable victims of 
that race hatred and that race fanaticism which have been the creed of Germany 

The Mercury (Hobart, Australia), December 4, 1915, page 7. 

No.20, 1916 


p.19 haa virtually converted it into a penal settlement, wfeero 
sii million human beings guilty only of adherence to 
the Jewish faith are compelled to live out their Uvea 
in squalor and misery, in constant terror of massacre, 


■ m 

* * 5.^ h 

. + » ■ i. 

■ * " ' ■*■ 
■ i 

p.20 At the beginning of the war the number of Jews in 
the Russian Empire was estimated at six mi 1 lion or more, 
comprising fully half of the total Jewish population of 
the wo^d. Winety~five per cent, of these six million 
people were confined by law to a limited area of Russia, 
known as the Pale of Settlement, consisting of the fifteen 


p 20 mendoufl mass of special, restrictive legislation converted 
the Pale into a kind of prison with six milhon inmates, 
guarded by an army of corrupt and brutal jailers. 

p.29 The peraoua most affectedp the sbc million Jews of 
Russia, Teemed the "Emancipation Act" with deep 
mistrust* They were chiefly concerned lest the news 

p 47 ness, hatred, nothing else, . . . The Jews are loyal 
and brave, and it is most inadvisable to pursue a policy 
wMck might convert six million subjects into enemies." J 




p. 60 In spite of these suspensions, however, the six million 
Jews of Russia still continued, in a useasure, to inform 
themselves as to the conduct of their sons in the field, 

^mmmmmmmmm n 

p 66 irretrievable disaster to the Jews of Poland and Russia. 
It has been estimated that nearly three of the six million 
Jews of Russia and Poland are now without means of 

"... where six million human beings guilty only of adherence to the Jewish faith 
are compelled to live out their lives in squalor and misery, in constant terror of 
massacre ... estimated at six million or more ... of these six million people ... a 
kind of prison with six million inmates ... The persons most affected, the six 
million Jews of Russia ... The Jews are loyal and brave, and it is most inadvisable 
to pursue a policy which might convert six million subjects into enemies. ... 
the six million Jews of Russia still continued ... nearly three of the six million ..." 

The Jews in the Eastern War Zone, The American Jewish Committee, New York. 1916. pp. 19-20, 29, 47, 60, & 66. 

No. 21, January 1916 

Governor Calls on State to 
Aid Jewish War Victims 

5 Tii £ LolluvliLf; r^oclai Motion wua ls.uucn liy tremor Hirakca W. ' 

i JoLuiewi iU-m ^Hiding Jajuwjr a? eis Jfi^vj^h ftotJcC Du> mul (MilBiciK JiUOU | 

j 'Jn. 1 ttt'friilti ol Clsci I fnrju iv l.o a^hidI In Uih \vo~k Dl jiravldiiiK rpLlfrT for ' 
t!"C dObUlitH-i J43'iYB tfl EiiW*!^, 

I*'A l eh? sv.t^srHstkm n f fJii&G IL^tiV*l li2 firdVldlfiE fnr t??n dcrMltlitO 
iti IL'ili'DL^ I TiKruijy <lircn. ilio 3 titanium ol" Llvu [>oop]w -rvf CtilLFcrrla 
to U*e inocLLi[ciiLit€jn □ ( i'.-.ft i^^iilottt -of tJic United 3io."_*s ctailymiLt- i 
fti^TbtfiMaVi JLir.imry £7, inn;, m Jew^i Relief 1>nv, w[^] ooncisrled 
tflorl-i will lie; «imle LlircautttiotiL thfl country to olhtaiEt funda for food 
n:id tfdlfrlng l^r <ii? fivo :ai]]ion£ nf .lcvvsi vtIuibU hunic* Littd re/Diir^ej* 

11 L Irti^L tliiM C-Hliioriii:i"H kiSTKHifk* will ]:p 1'tia.rty iLurl (je^CtrVLlE fiTld 
rluu i I e: I jots ^vurv^vliery vvili leml arclLvu- co-ujjGra.Liu.ri to Llic cu^mJt- 
* 4 0C in cLiUr^. 1 ' 

J i) 


Moil ri-aijc&linfe nJm La rlo ^>, Kraft l- 
ckm Wlltfurt j^iiOf> ft jiroirftuifciuoii 
U^&iir.itintl hf: January *7 jih n day 
ii iron yrliicti AmerkiWS msiy ■ itiaVe 
uuiiirjbiiLJnuH l-'jr Llifc ruLlei ol sul" 
reri'-ufi -lewE in Kuril ijC 

"'or ail -r.lHViattify [& j-uil I la Hlirtiiiri^sr 

to tin? wheel QLiE i^UeV© tills u]ili**rd 

nf dUdro&u 

vorHtty, who vbr ?i dirticLitr q* rijLiel 
! vnrfc in BpIxllitii mid vim H-ft^rwarrla 
rijiFi in t'lP rkrnl LI imp ici JiiGlorv w ** Sf * :ih to ^oJfl^d m wtndy cqticII- 
i!:iil 1:if> .lows lmvfi iiKkn-/. Unar Okria- tiua* there Uron^lnt teara to ib^ ct^b 
I »■ jj IneaidK Mild »f-i^'h!-'^rs J'm' help, i of hfR hpstrttra wrjjjic n:3iiEi!i^ ttlfi aw- 
Tits |^rr?UerrL h vi SfiKl: m.Tg^nrln^ fui ru^^Htik« o? thu JuwIhji ■ uuuple 
lirci|jfiT*t»in^ iIielI Mih work) 3^ fl^li^wL ia PoliUUl «"^0 fflrjn 1 ne KHsftioat part 

ft'Ul! Its 4Qliiti-:tCLl 
S'ni^s 1 1 ■ _=r ■ 

This number r^ivo^nlFJ n«i?ty lia.lf 

^)JX rri[|ljn||^ ol* i* IfWtetf'jtitalP fft-l'C- « 

atT5 hH I Mil RScMl IC-SfrSij woV, bri-pCi 13*- 
j:j^ Lii liyl-^H I: j Ljjd ^ru L .Eiil, Ci^ld 

Tlv-p ,)p',ra l^i vp iitiril ::t»w T)*ijTi 
c:ontrJliv.MD5r piil'M^aiK J^r n:li^t fu tHft 

ffiHi^ IHftlir-fl evflry (jfc!P_l5iRy in ttlC 

gjg nniljojiH oP Jiicn, wottict: imd llt- 
'.l*a tL: Ulr&n n^'Luh tju] 1 uf-.i'E, oiil 1*ccl- 

Polish .FeiTfe! | Warsaw «Lcnp, fir.o i:ominLtte-e tirns 
j hud Ihu c«\rc o. 2 R ,u DO orphans 

rhijrtrf-i] who tihd l^st Hioir fat^icra 

Yoii can hf?iii! 

It LrJ SisUftd that l;>e m^ttlftt*»rH *»f 
Ltic vuriOLuj ciiiuvolifta rcart tiio j>raHt- 

d tint's ]Tr[*t3kj]jtiLjL;ji FroLcL iKclr pul- 
[Jla to:l£iy a »d acEO n word in lite 
Ktlarrizrt Jji .Tli^v*: h p^r;jil*i ivllu- lire 
Sn ih^ ini^t i]«H|itinit.p |i 1 i k I Lt loiafcl- 

Tn f>r^Jnr ll:at tli^ ciirlr nf rtill^f 
max 1^0 ^ijin^vliai (irKi'pifz^ a r.i^ttl- 
iufi h^w l««sil C*11erl [or todftF ftt 11 
n'^ ^. m, 'At f>n npw K". of P. c;lilvL »ji2 iikC-ruLl paly ta lh«c fciiil], dCtftiitefaei- aii<L « £tr-ccte. Thw 
;nn^ nxi]ii!K5l(i Tr>Tt>ir^, | entire jiiil*)i^ is iutUm! £ .i> EiCt^nd. 

^i will hfr a ^311 \*\ An^Tir.^ AP^I 
tl:ft >raTl«ito>-^ r^rt^eJ l^> l^tond. 

The RiLs-isuh u.tnl Ct^PDiiiii ^nvarii- 
myjiib. a- ILL bill tli^ir tjrKa.cuv,ttl:uii 
anrl ret^uri:^; roiilil Tir>± jtiiiivTer ttiLb 
^micvvuil tJiRft. rvcti il t.lip>' wirre ho 

Thorn dchirisj?t to u-,uHo cotLLriLn?- 

tlOiJE TMiiy annii tli^ni t.» Mr. M, M, 
Liiili Li^z.b' rui, {:Ha.Hiir?r r or tO ^Itd 

Lei nnk^rnr^l^l he ii'hll ii[i in this 
Skt of ril'.o^ to li< : id iKr ciali ! 

"The following proclamation was issued by Governor Hiram W. Johnson 
designating January 27 as Jewish Relief Day ... "Six million starving Polish Jews! ... 
Six millions of a peacable race ... six millions of men, women and little children 

The Morning Echo (Bakersfield, CA), January 23, 1916, page 1. 

No. 22, January 1916 


The President of the United States — 

6,000,000 Starving, Homeless, People— 
and January 27th 

eitreu-rivE commute*. 
llarnwn EeH, 

Joseph F, CHrlKtan. 

(i, B. rjimJclp. 
jj„. I. 3/. JHnlHtliOl-L 
Mri, MdrHa Id*. 
Pt-. Suym J. Ftmoa 
^ILes E*LHrr FT4JIX. 

p, oiufiiiirta. 
jript a»r!1nTd+ 
J G^wnim, 
it cwii^atfr 

}!»*, Hgb*tL Hlfl. 

llr*. Krrtwlcli F*B», 

Joicpft IL. Khlt 
.4. ft. Lovtmran. 
Mlga SUM L&vflnnO-l> r 
Wri. D. T* THwH^^hcf. 
WtJ. VftUQ TfttBPd, 
fti™ JnJin Tfcwtpn PprUr, 
SilttL ntoreb Eamudh 
Mtt^. E SetmLEtHauMi. 

JioMin F> Tutflor, 
TCHIwr Tfilkw, 
TUtM. J, H. l*f*Ef- 

.... - flfeWaiiiH^rihuiit 

?««n ■ ■ 



■^1133 iK HliffiR •--■. 

-■^-LJlllll BBUJi?"™- 


Why should the President, by jirDnlamiitinn to the people 
Of the nation, fix upon January 27th as the day for contribut- 
ing tow«Td the relief of over six million Jews located in the 
Far Eastern War Zone? 

Honey will not he refund if offered before that date ; there 
will be need of it for a long time afterward. 

But it was the President's purpose to have the people stop 
and thinK long enough to realize that the unprecedented suf- 
fering and misery calls for more than the ordinary consider- 
ation from those who are comfortably housed, well fed, 
clothed and free from the slightest oppression. 

The Governor of the Slate and the Mayur of the City have 
followed the President's example and ft larae committee of cit- 
izen* is at worit carrying out the purposes of the Proclamation. 
The Committee is not asKing for any stated amount and 
has no expectations to be met. What is {iiven must be the meas- 
ure, of the donor's sympathy for a people who are experiencing 
the most appalling distress in the history uf modern times. 

Believing in the humanity of the people of OaKUnd and vi- 
cinity y we are relying upon their willingness to help without 
being personally solicited. 

He gives twice who gives quicKly; he gives ten-fold who 
gives voluntarily. 

We want all contributions to be as large as possible — we 
want none which cannot be afforded. Dimes and nkKels of- 
ten indicate as big a heart as would a thousand dollars. 

ChecKs may be made payable to FredericK Kahrw Treas- 
urer, or To this paper. 

Boies for the reception of smaller donations will be placed 
in many of tfre stores, in banKs, on prominent street corners 
and elsewhere. 


Acting r.n the President's Prwlamation. 


Chairman Essentia* Committee. 
A, JONAS, Chairman general Committee, 

1418 Broadway, Central BanK Building* 14th and Broadway. 


^ Jonas. ClMdnnn.*- 
3Ii-a 3IiihlMii Um-rtij 
.toy*oh HL C*lno, 
II C. CjM*JJ. 

%[re- C- C Clap. 

Etr. numrd P. UtMPflEJ» 

JTlOfl* "*'- H-*, 

TV. H. LVIifilhIb. 

B. X- J>nrt«-.- r 

Gc*rifc TV", JfBfrti. 
F. A. IiTSCh Jr„ 
T\ r . H. LtfM*rt, 
jt. 11. 3Jn.Vji f 
Itar, A. V, ^h*i*F T 

5. ItlttBOlrtK, 

,lndne ac»r£t S*ffio*h, 

B. F, ftlLTipifn. 

IVhtlikra fln*ith H 
Tl^v. \Y. Ts. Strnmilfl. 

FEFH1 1 


"The President of the United States-6,000,000 Starving, Homeless, People-and 
January 27th Why should the President, by proclamation to the people of the 
nation, fix upon January 27th as the day for contributing towards the relief of 
over six million Jews located in the Far Eastern War Zone?" 

Oakland Tribune (CA), January 25th, 1916, page 1. 
day's edition of the Oakland Tribune. 

This advert also appeared on the front page on the following 

No. 23, February 1916 


NEW YORK, K<?1>. 2 8,— UN 
Sanders, liead of a Jewish immi- 
gration society, predicted a great 
Influx of Jews after the war. He 
said yesterday that there were 
6,000.000 Jews in Europe abso- 
lutely without food or resources. 

"... there were 6,000,000 Jews in Europe absolutely without food or resources. 5 

The Tacoma Times (WA), February 28th, 1916, page 3. 

No.24, February 1916 


Money Is Contingent on Hebrew 

Aid Members Raising Fund 

for a New Building. 

Jacob JT, Schiff yesterday ^ave ? + j.*^X> 
to the Hebrew Sheltering and [mini* 
grant Aid Society of America on condi- 
tion that it erect a new building within 
the present year, Harry Fischcl, Treas- 
urer of the society, iaid last night that 
the new building would cost $200,<»0u\ 
but thai as the society had o2a'U0 mem- 
bers be felt sure that there wouid be 
no difficulty in speedily raising the 

Tins anno no cement of Mr. Schiff s gi£t 
wig made at iho so vent Ji animal meeting 
of i he society In the auditorium of Pub- 
lic School G- f Heater and Essex Streets. 
The meeting: wus attended by delegate** 
of 2,000 organizations throughout thu 
country which were affiliated with the 

A in oils those present were James A. 
Reed. United State* Genu tor from Mis- 
souri; Leu it? F, Post, Assistant Secre- 
tary to the Department gf Labor; Will* 
iani Fnillips, Assistant Eoo rotary of 
State; Jacob H. Schiff, Con^n ssmaii 
William S, Ben net. Adolph J: Snbath, 
lauae Sie^e-1, and Simon Wolf of Wash* 
ins ton. r J"he sneakers were Senator 
Reed* Congressman Bonnet, and Beere- 
tary Phillips, 

Judge Zander;--, President of the ,s*o* 

cty, in his annual report declare 
even the wrongs of the Brians could 
not be compared to the oEitrctges iieri j>r=* 3 
upon the Polish Jew,-, '■ Nearly six 

he said, ''in 
the greatest moral and material misery : 
millions of them are refutes, dependent 
upon the good will of their brethren. 
And the world Is silent, perhaps because 
no Eryce Commission lias j^ithered the 
details of this terrible period and pub- 
lished them jo the world, I ask ihe peo- 
ple of thivs free and peaceful ami neu- 
tral land, I appeal to the Government of 
the UniUd States, in the name of hu- 
manity, to appoint a commission to in- 
vestigate these wrongs committed upon 
our hapless people in Eh stern Europe* 
Lot the world know and judge! " 

The report also said that owhn? lo the 
war immigration on the Pacific Coast 
has become unusually active* Many ref- 
ugees who made lon£ journeys from 
Russia through Siberia and Manchuria 
arrived at Han .Francisco and Seattle, 
The society* therefore* organized 
branches in these cities, which are' ear- 
ing for these refugees. Ft add erf that 
Ki.Ono applications had been made for 
naturalization papers at the offices of 
the society or Us branches, 

Senator Reed said that America wns 
the only country that hud ever 
granted the Jews complete and absolute, 

An Advisory Board ^as elected, con- 
sisting of Max J. Ko filer, Edward Lan- 
terbneb, Louis Ma nth all, Jacob jr. 
Schiff, Isaac N', Seligman, Os**ar W 
Straus. Rev, Dl Stephen S. Wist* of 
New York, Adolf Kraus and Julian' W. 
J lack of Chicago, Rev. Dr, Mai I In A. 
Meyer and Lucius Solomons of San 
Francisco, isaitc W* Pernhcim of Louis- 
ville, Louis D, Brandeis of Boston 
Moses Traley of St. Louis, Ben Helline 
oe Portland, Ore*; Mayer Sulzberger of 
Philadelphia, and Simon Wolf of Wash- 
ington, D, C. 

"Judge Sanders, President of the Society, in his annual report declared that even 
the wrongs of the Belgians could not be compared to the outrages heaped upon 
the Polish Jews. "Nearly six million Jews are ruined," he said." 

The New York Times, February 28, 1916. 

No.25, March 1916 


Maatfngs at Barnstaple 

-■• i r, 

The- uni.M'1.1 uniting* of tlift locaT branch *•' 
flrlUflJi KMh.ty hir ?!it PiO(ia£atKQfl of l 
Ulionf thii Ju*fc wii<! ijL'Lii on Yhurxlay »l tha 
Hatand d H al r , IS* ruria j 

In ^(Mri F. A_Jt*waJI) 

i cjipertentiifcifi Matln'riug 
of a 1 1 d<- n ■ - 1 1 k <?iJj« , r ■ 

d M mi, Syucfein? iu4 lh^ dupii- 
i- j 
rukbUjiha SocaL Hni- pns 

ntfid a pj.cbhIl<^ i^t-mt, its ■■. ■• ■ h-n -d-m-d that 

.- * mj ntle Ihni'i 
.hi toward* tfcd objaat lh* tfocjaty ha,d tfi view, 
tt [Lnanual yan i noed Otn, 

e*lfFtpbf.'1 Tfc«Eac*ri,-M I J ..i 

I., aij6 51 i '-I 

kry iftjw LrartiJjr Lbitikrd ft»r b£i 

- 1 . ("Alfv dfcHvkirc-d analofiiirfil itud 

ht wtkif-n iigut n-r- w*r« pro* Lded hj & 

f*w iVwiidi for tho gather i 
la Ujh ?<r<mjpa; Sir. STAKr.ijtii prw-iikd otar n 
iingly ie I d .^r haw he 

" amGnjr UM Jnr*» wh& aU*fl<M tin Baru- 

Hv bid ftta-Hjri fortnil Lite i u m* *■: 
Rntlarnanty, 4ifl niiiritsaj — and i 
r willing l" km*F hb rmihtta un npErlLuai 

*Ucrn. i *uv. ,: 3,- rhem 

-iirin^rini lU' h. 

The IIi:v. F.J. KXLST g-ivi rtn-ntlicr aligns!* I ng 
ddraas oc *■■ Tin J*w* aod Urn Vir/' bit. AaaJt 
lib hJ* IJMmi ftWM a ..lisk-fh-tiE, htajid point to 
ml i >f Lhn arftentioQti, rind fitiirkifd ru* Utlta ui 
Quitila what hn nadijBiEii al th-- a,frV4niQfJH mwi- 


.to Lb L* graaj ffc 
til E n [i Ih-o h4 ^ 
*and*of J«* 


.d i: 


i arid 

fcillj tern rrjilLiuub out of tba 

tad raijLkd 

ii Mima cftheac couptrlaatha 

rfour ; mum ting ucdor Lfaa unu 

UtLaf uniDp but LuaLeJIlt <4 -nyiri; lk Yiiu 

rfTl IU JOtL WJMIttfU lO C J . 

uds ware » 
n, tli- 
"bm cd3*j trader 

L Uint H i- Jftw I ■ 



mp or 

* i ii h 

ilW llJII 

• i Cit&H u wpiI 

lip. \VllH,| Ihf 

. i'i t ! 

r-n* — and ha was apcaking 

■ ■ 

Jo* iTir 1 

a™ rat rj-n»ld*,-iiLity 

I oumpaiif Of AOldli 
ivaiy nl Turk*! *lio hi4 dn 

i|tl lifiSJlK 


I * 



JflOfp* waw a 
r cac! bfl«n 


i:ji1 Vi 


, i 




mid ill incr« 

p&"*nt U!l r-i-J. it 'lid ru ?., 
it wlwl i- : 

wwvm- ifii nan. In 

'urnfint r-: ...iipi* 

lV"Ti LhftCi, l.i- did m>b 
wa- ff&l :,Hcig 

.li-r-ii^ Thi- f#--r. 

Ii:ti-nii:)-. : 

... ... Od +*TV 

obSn ' 

th« ' 

1 Irt ifcw ^t»t 
r.K-.t wh. ii Ik. -rtHl r^iHi ■ ■• - ' ■ . M-:-,t»«n tt 

wai rairt. ; i ha ttii 1 

LaU*r, ilr^ 

ibhb vq 4tbtt| gT..»i P<f*e* shouJd ^Obsv** thai 
point of Btfalaftc adraniirt-brMUM T'aSe*- 
tlna W4A a point of Gtrm^glD adTJifii*E* 
TUa lard *»* waiting for tha >* ffc iwjd lh*t Jbvi 
were wajttng for ifap land. Theooudtrir of PalBB- 
tlTna hid been bapt ^ep4r«L« by Ilia ualtr>D» a* 
■ 1 1 - . 1 1 1; hi by a r^Lracle. Writara in iho li^jrf; 
: i*h staled tLey saw % tnoraoaam i&a isew 
dSrccli^n. £1b *bm mmMftn* ilflfl- h* paw tbc- 
Hatrd r»f (Jod. tiLi| U [ Uii it, 1*1-1 ,-4 n i |p LarribSe 
jFi-niiitLi -.f omt tlraBllrjd knew tiow l^i 
inaka ibt wrath of roan |a dlfTf on! HLn ptMiL 
n^rpn^H, aud ;J..- iri t »tinp. that avuiiipp wwald Li**p 
b*«n mil worth whHa ft fc:t c*>Ald lirlp thatu U> 
chiTb*ii that bopa. 

Ofl ftnwU«M Mtig loTit*d a fn*mb*r of th» 
audSffn^a u.-ktd tbc 1:?t, Ex] v y vbpih#r tha Jtw*' 
Ti-r-iTii L.j ru]of4tn# wy-uld 'li* » political rjr ft 
r*1tKit"n m-QTcm^jit. Mr. tixl*^ laid ha Lhci^lu 
Lt^firjfj , . th 9 nicrvfment woiatd, h« 

Iboo^hl. ™ib*i- Lw or a umir-naL r.baraoter. 
Lm*iiu« lliert! wnnld b« nfln-*'>ir^tiaDH aennn* 
tbiHn. It w-old ari^M i twa il.n ..*-]?!. of the Jam 
lo hare a laad of th«Sr own, 

'irLryliirf tbKAboLiV "llu- Jnw* ■-,., iSrf be 
^" ,jJ ak, isf (IjI:. ■ u.d TTNIlM 1^ 

• In tljclrotfTi Ii, 

Tli<* qoiPect.1- aftaTn^DO ainonr.tM] m 

£1 Ha. fVJ., Uih aTHnSfiit rifrrl m* Fea^ipiaj lHv 6rf. 

"In Poland, in Southern and Western Russia, six million Jews resided when the War 
broke out. They lived there in the pale of settlement, in poverty, and were 
terribly overcrowded." 

North Devon Journal (UK), March 9, 1916, page 7. 

No.26, March 1916 

Bringing Word From War Lost Jews; 
The Sort of News That Comes 
From Poland, Austria and Russia. 

X&7 Enih PL^rin-— I^l-Iuhto £erv« 
ice The Survey I'r&ss Bureau;. 
"6»k Chiam, Th*i Jatk ti&$ 7 lay 

tTDliil. I KhVi k'ht ki*T Ml !L* 1J]]^c 

11 Learn for ms &f ilsuJ^Jj my sob, 
ilift man v:b* Ihm,*, Ask iho jjeupls an 
fhft towa of, in the -south, of 
Ettssiii, Thuv wj]3 foifri-f xrlist has be- 
^oiaa of liiia. JJ 

^;th requests- like thtoa ah their 

llo^ thousands or cast side Jew a are 

daily climbing sis: ili^hte of siatrs at 

77 IManc^y street, Xerc* York citr 3 for 

in ibear first hurry to get trard of Those 

Tvhom they *ad lost^ tltay fcrali& the eln- 

In a small anajtoviatn and & few estrsi 
rooms at this eddwsa the Habrew Shel- 
ter and Immigrant Aid Society of 
^»rka is t*]]ia£ the Jenrs of" thk 
Gauntry irhfrt bas bee onto ci th**ir 
fjfisndfl and TftlntiTes abroad* !Tha ud- 
dettaiing ivas b#£iaii last fall, wn*n 
Isadora BerEhaeld w&nt alitor d to «r- 
ganiza m BnUardam a center of eom- 
rxLuaication between American Jgw* aud 
their iuffeijii^ relatives lo Poland, 
Itussia and AastiiEi, 

TUe First List. 
Iq ^December the first Iht seuL bjvk 
by Ht. Htmh field, containing a thou 
aand names of persons Tvho had been 
auk^d for fir *rho Kvera inquiring for 
the btdp of sotnp friend huro, was rcafl 
at a merctin^ overflowing tha tdows of 
tbo burcm by liiiudr^ds, TJu> next dav 
£00 dt 300 who hail been forced to Trait 
on the $tde\vuLli3 ths nSght before ime 
given uatvs of their ]ov£dl ones, tod br 

given m^vs of their ]ove3 ones, tod br 
ft o J dock the tarecm had filed U,rSi> 
fresh requests for iai urination, Periodic 
pubJie meetings have aia^ft been bald to 
give out news reeriYed fxwn abroad. 

Mr, He -shield horjiig organised hJa 
hiadcjunrtMS m TtmoMftik, pToceedad 
to Berlin, snd i3 qott in Poland. From 
there be erpprt^ to go Sato ^uaiin, 

Most of those ivbo aic ]oati lire m tlie 
small towrts wJier* Jp^rg seldom havs a 
family ii3thr- fu llja IftT^e loi^Ti^ ai^ite 
tho Jevira n*ere freed,, tbi-j- Lave adoptni] 
family names , oftpu bv ffov&iiucnta] 
requ&*C. Alt Lim fciirda of the .ippli- J:ur informatinTi ast fqj ta^ nick- 
n^Lmp. and wtien thft «»i>plicant has 
givsu tb]s (lEiit tht torrent nauiy T the 
Just knoivn Euro pea n address of tb* oua 
he B^chB, und the unmes o'F those EtiU 
in Riaaaiti who might know of IiIjil^ ho 33 
hnnded a card with ji nomlifir on it and 
ib asked not to come back, uwtU hfl 
tveriv^ a postnl from tbfi barouu. 
Belief Funds. 

'VVheti nyivs fina31^ rumps— perhaps 
that bis father 15 alive Kfth bf$ &Lster 
in thu Httlo villfi^e of ^amfistfl in 
SDUihrrji Polacd, Imt that sbe ha* con- 
sumption vo^pactetl frofli pcstiJeuL^ in 
ttie wake tif vt-ar ind he J* without 
money to Lelp hwt t Qt jA'rhups that his 
brotlicr 3$ a. prisonei' ju an _\ustimn 
camp, ot that his nn>tli*r bn.Fl il^-d h& 
^ause shft lia$ uo iuoat;v for foofi — then 
The apyJitiant ia seuT for and it Is 
cumi* pae'a task ro tell hini what TVild 
h^ts been receivriL 

Th*; ueivw is nlnniit always trH*fio. 
That tuteuse family j^Liug a^ cliarao 
L4?riKtfL; of tlit .Jeirs becomes ntgre than 
ever el par as the heart -broken i; (it her ot 
mothor or sim or daughter, turns away 
from the desk :ind rcttims La a day or 
twa as Wng huiv $50 or S?T^ can be safely 
acut Eibroad. 

These sruaU u?uountrf of raontr- for 
relief are sLij^plomented f»y money 
raised in euer^bftie *ramp£iignfl carried 
on throwpJiont this it^untry to send to 
tbo ^ix mi J lion Jews reported, star v jog 
ia the Tvarrinif L*aiintri^5. 

Tbr^e itiilJiou^ soirti hundTed and 
ftfty thousand <L'oik« Las up to date 
been collected nnd p^iii ty Jovra ia 
Kiiysi;!, GrLli^iiJu I'olnud atid P:d« 3 ±iDe, 
by thft .Tpirisih St-lmf toiuiuitteo. Tlieir 
drgt uiass mo^tujg in LWitegle hall, 
New lurh city, biou^l]! in ^SOO.OtlO in 
pJ^dge* and aistu^l contributions Siticfi 
th^n raHius ail over the Cm ted Spates iaiged fbc aauamt to wJutjc jt 
iaow h lands. 

L udiT the joint evuiimittpp on Jewisti 
rdici\ nl whith lYJix \Varbury ia 
tihaimian, art two orhix conimlttGiis: 
One the central ^lftuiiUot' Trorhtn^ for 
fiirjds amonjc the syim^m.-H, and the 
other, tho pbopbi's r^llof eomnTirror, 
Tbe lattor branch po opcTttt^a ivith l:bn 
trimly Linions and srdirits from business 
people. J fbe woman ^ auxiliary oL r this 
^r^nniLtlee,. wit It llvs. Philip i^.jrispfcn 
n* ehajrmaji ? has nltiini^d a s^rius of 
ta.^ days to gather money. 

To beep JiJirc thy t^o and on^dialf 
riLLllitjii .lows in th& fr-euty KiissiaTi 
yoviu^H tin d^' the tara of this Jewish 
Golonij:ai:ion toilet v in Petro^radj it is 
nstihiiHtfi that t^DOO roubles per 
iijonth 1*5 nucued, 

manly to tniy bread^ it is hmii^ spaut 
aJsn, it is iti'i'lsim!, to rebiiilj gidioul^. 
in ihwe Kidnob ebildreji iv]l] be 
ftloMicd at]d fed 7 aii4 HieUracted ilp faj 
as [jo^siblu from the misery in irhieh 
thuy mi ^roTTing ujx ^Vliore armies 
have foncfbt nnr| pfistfnd on as !n Calii-tn, 
hoiho or 1h* money ia goin^ for re- 

"... six million Jews reported starving in the warring countries. 3 

Fort Wayne Journal Gazette (IN), March 12th, 1916, page 34. 

No.27, February 1918 

Religion, Not Race Consciousness, Should 
Dominate Thought of the Jewish People 

By Rabbi SAMUEL SCHULMAN, New York City 

WK J it .11 r today very much of the right* of liLtlu nations Su P iikn is 
rjii>>d nn brbijlf uf Israel. Six million Ji.-wa urt living in hi odd 
iv li*:n* timy iiru opfirw&ed, ox|jl^'*J J . cru>bud ami rubbed uf every 
intdk'ttitMe liuucLii ri Lrht.* Tim world do' 1 * not rwguizo the Jewa as tin 
m din jut nut ion in tin? tumau in ivhh-h it lu [kg of Uie mitiooality of vari- 
ous [too|dt»s. 

It. is not by omplumHinx Jewish nationality ihftt the Jew will over ob 
tnib hiii righU, pnlitiotil, civic and religious in the vrorlil. Hie business 
is to in 1 iJir ^vrjih filing nrotjj^oni&l on bohulf of the thought of humanity 
us ugiiin^L i ±10 est ltjsivfnr>ii ol' race. 


Tlio lni,-:inr»s-i n|' the. Jew is la throw invo Uhj bwkground hie race unci 
^o cm I li-rl n.i Lion Ell ily nnd ^-irtphjjsissc tKclw-'ivch Ins roligioua chiinicU'r. 
He niil^l. oiyanij-ir fiims-ulf ih « reJ<;, r iouw oo mm unity and Jts nothing else 
If he v.jiiH- to ImiTdw 1 if hi hie in \\m frmijiin, if lie wants to mitke his 

jjiisi'l.iii.ri lull',, if i-r'i i,.r.-il-- lm i ;; n ■(..-. |"v tin- \. ■„ ,,li' -• ugiihiKt him, if he 
Willi,* i't |:,o\ r Ji - v i- ? ; --- r»,-: Jr.r lUf ImmN of \u - i;j"nnes, then he will, in 
the >'.ril i'T hi: ds.i — L !■ :■ L - ■ - hi* Lii^nrv, rrvk l-i • ini fiwuy Jrom U\$ mis- 
--inu ji!*d TALK oir .iniHaK A* A UlsTIMT COMMUNITY Off 

"Six million Jews are living in lands where they are oppressed, exploited, crushed 
and robbed of every inalienable human right." 

Corsicana Daily Sun (TX), February 16th, 1917, page 2. 

No.28, June 1918 


Next week the people of Fort TVaync, regardless of race or 
religion, are to be given an opportunity to contribute to the cause 
irf ths Jewish relief work fo the European vrar wnc This is an. 
opportunity Which in so great a degree partak<*e of the elements of 
privilege that it must be welcomed hy all to whom H is presents fl- 
For it involves; not only Ihe furtherance of a work which is in- 
tensely patriotic but sublimely humane The Jewish Welfare 
Hoard, which together with the Y. M, C. A, and the K. of C- en- 
joys gorerament sanction in relief work, fa engaged in an activ- 
ity of tremendous importance and far reaching philanthropy. In 
the 'war zone of Europe there arc six miEfirm Jews who have been 
the wars worst sufferers, the majority of these unhappy people 
residing in the territory of Poland and Kugkih. where the conflict's 
devastation has been complete. For four years misery and suf- 
fering havu held away there and it it estimated that during this 
period one milium persons have Actually died of starvation- It is 
planned to raise- next week from fifteen million to twenty millions 
of dollars in. this countury to relieve in a slight measure the woe 
that existR, a relief which it is hoped will, at least preserve the 
lives of thousands who without it must perish miserably. It b 
not a call of sect or race but of common humanity and one to 
which all classes of gut citizenship should he gratefully willing to 
respond. The Jewish TVelto Board likewise looks after the in- 
terests of the members of- the Jewish faith in the military service 
of rh<* eaur.try and as thei<c arc of these 70,000 out of a population 
of 3,000,000- it wll readily lie seen that the members ol! this par- 
ticular religious institution have been anything but remiss in 
their icspeuee to their country's call- The funds to be raised aext 
,veek are for the dual purpose of promoting- the welfare of the 
soldiers' and of Affording relief to the millions who are destitute, 
suffering, and imperiled "by the calamitous fortunes of a terrible 
■war. The call is one from those in need to those in peace and 
plenty anil it ignored. It is comp cilia jr and not to be 

"In the war zone of Europe there are six million Jews who have been the war's 
worst sufferers." 

Fort Wayne News and Sentinel (IN) June 22, 1918, page 1 (Editorial & State News Section). 

No.29, June 1918 



The recent statement by Vis- 
count James Eryce that Pales- 
tine cannot accomodate more 
than 300,000 Jewish colonials, is 
strongly controverted by the fig- 
urea offered by Carl Baled p of 
the University of Berlin, the 
leading German economist* 111 
a lecture delivered in Vienna re- 
cently under the auspices of 
"Pro-Palestine" (The German 
Committee for the Promotion of 
the Jewish Palestine Settle- 
merit) Prof. Bailed said: 

"It is quite possible for Pales- 
tine to find room for Ave to ai* 
millions who may seek to return 
to agriculture in 'Orat country, 
Taking into consideration only 
the fertile valleys and lowlands 
we find nn acrea of 700,000 to 
800,000 hectares {1,729,700 to 
1,976,800 acres) will au Rice to 
produce the food of nis millions 

ages with that of the agricul- 
tural regions of Europe, in fact 
its distribution is even more 
favorable. The mountains of 
Palestine are covered with *nsri- 
cruat* affording a serviceable 
soil for tree-plantation. Olive 
trees, vines, almond and fig trees 
have thriven here without arti- 
ficial irrigation, from time im- 

"On the whole, we may esti- 
mate Palestine, employing mini- 
mum figures, as follows s 300,000 
hectares of fertile lowlands, 
which by means of artificial ir- 
rigation can be made to yield 
a double annual harvest j 600,000 
hectares of level or slightly flow- 
ing suitable for agriculture ; 
400,000 hectares in the Hauran, 
capable of one annual harvest* 
and at least one million hectares 
of hijl and mountain country 
covered with nari-crust. There 
remain, therefore, only 700,000 
hectares of non-productive 'sa% 

of people, reckoned in meat and 

corn, This would still leave the 

highlands available for orchards 

and similar agricultural de- 1 or 25 per cent of the entire area 

velopment, 44,000 hectares (a of Palestine, 

hectare is equivalent to 2.471 j "The question of acquirement 

acres, > are already in Jewish 
possession, not including hund- 
reds of orchards, 

H Of the fertile regions of 
Palestine, the first and foremost 
is the great plain of Jesreel with 
an ace rage of #0>000 hectares 
ao s 0CO on the coast of Galilee; 
15,000 on the great plain aorder- 

of the laud,* 1 continued Prof. 
Ballod, "ought to present no in- 
superable difficulties* Most of 
the land" rs already owned by 
great Arab land-owners, waiting 
for their price] and the Fellahia 
would willingly leave for North 
Syria or Babylon if they were 
offered better conditions 

ing on Hule Lake. The Valley . through the civilizing influences 
of the Jordan will offer 150,0*30 ! that are reviving these coun- 

hectares after the necessary 
dams and canals have been con- 
structed* This country will be 
particularly suitable lor rice, 
sugar, coffee and cocoa cultiva- 
iionv;^-;, . : ...... V- j£ " : I 1 . :.lJ. ,.V 

"Artificial irrigation will ren- 
der available the coastal plain 
from Gaia to Carmel T compris- 
ing 250,00b hectares. The Aud ja 
river pouring into the Medditer- 
anean north of Jaffa* has a flew 
of 1Q cubit meters per second, 
sufficient for the irrigation of 
66,000 hectares, at an irrigation 
elevation of 500 millimetres, suf- 
ficient for the dry culture of cot- 
ton and soya-beana.. Moreover, 
the rainfall in Palestine aver- 


In esplanatlcn of the motives 
of "Pro-Palestine" Prof. Ballod 
said: 'We have organised be- 
cause, we, of whom the major- 
i^aT^.nojiTJewS, take .a .special 
Interest in Zionist aims* Tt is a 
movement which mast be judged 
both by its ideal and its practical 
aspect: In this connection Zion- 
ism can be compared only to the 
movement of the Puritans and 
Quakers who went to America in 
the 17th century and who have 
left as their heirloom the whole 
ethical ground-work of domern 
America, and who also initiated 
a great economical develop- 

"Claims Palestine Has Room For Six Million ... "It is quite possible for Palestine to 
find room for five to six millions ... 800,000 hectares will suffice to produce the 
food of six millions of people,"" 

The Columbus Jewish Chronicle (OH), June 28th, 1918, page 1. 

No.30, July 1918 


Eloquent Rpbbi + nl Loral Limriicon, Tout-lies Hit 1 

Heads of Mis H carers— ImjiuL lo 13 c 

Raised in Kern Count v 

More Chan thirty eiUaen* oF lSafc- 
n-raflcld mtt Dr. KB.tb.1111 KrcinK. r^p. 
Tca^nllTiE tlie jiwl^n Kallcf wttimil- 
tj5&, 61 iURQhirtti today at the naw 

Bl Frantic oafe hi i uVioeK to, 

nVlf\T bL& TTllfiHUih UDlltllTJllnR Lb** 

^"Ofk of chat ca ramLttae Jn mJnlh-Lcr- 
illE to the als million nlArvltLp* Jswk 
In Poland* Gal rain und other nirl^ken 
.Baa lorn ^rovliiefrg nad thnp heard a 
niftKRftgii po^'crtni Ln GKpre&i^on and 
fti-nusht and conrincLnp p n ^ B appeaE. 

The EiibJeii were decorated ivuh 
tho (Lara of the allied nations, and 
aTEer tori dallKhLrul luncheon. Jns, 
nnflu^k. who prcsirfe-fl. j>!d Dr. 
Krasa. wli'o 1a n nnied rabbi of Xn^- 
YdtK and -tt-hi? in making n nation- ■ 
^■1de tnur in the b&hnJr of f-ti« cauac. 

No cEorL to rmbsfc p. fund wri?i maile. | 
That wa.R not the purpoac of Ehe 
fiLJidkii: Uiir |h* urii-iiTKT. after re- 
lation that ft2.0tifl.000 had b^en r^Jfl^rf 
Jaai J«ir. ami thftl J2a.D0U.oDu will 
Ija needed thia year, thnL Jew nnd 
(jEjHJIi 1 : alike, nil <n r ^f ilip Land are 
tntereE-ted In the wurk p* tlmf flrtf 
in all war wnpfc. &a1d there ia no 
tfUutB for BHkorelteld. laal (fa* jimnsmj 
lLib t wEl] be contributed- re&ta on !3lc 
JPrlEieroKEty Of rhf: neO|U.a aDCt lae 

rirJ-ldty fo (h* Jeaderahlp. 

. A SEnJriB Ap»t*r, 

Uf. Km a* Hpobcu T&r ju mm high, find 
tola pdcLurca of the nuflerlnR And 
dta(r«ft 3fl l\M- 4*a*H. IftTI aikL tndftllblfl 
1tn press pu the mloda dI bt* lnui^em 
^-blle btft n-orda of patrloLUin, n1n 
Trraiaa of the unily of Lhe American 
peopJe, "Lou chert a reaponHhe chord. 

En rariififul woftia tlie iarrlblc 
irtEKedka enacted En ihu cn^lcrrj [Kirt 
CjI" ]iurone and En t'oleBLln^ ^"flro dfl- 
■H-nJlbCd by thr o-i-at(?r. Wni-d^ cun 
fidt begin' to do&ftrlbp this sur^rlnfi, 
ot the .lewtHli people Ln Cha* ritf ■ 
»w B j roffion. 

Sr^ne i filer Hrtn-e Of tHt' IpitjJHp 
truflltLea ror<i^i3 upon tbt" Jowa by 
ttih cn^tov w^j-rt 3>Vtii7Ed. 

H, L4tile rhl}dif&. haEf craxail by J»Ch 
o.r food. Rirtr the ?ra&e in Ihc fJ-oldn to 
etar thrJf hunper. vhSlo ^he obl^r 
pcopl* HTC U>-|n« J" n^nat^ nutnb^rft 
frank BtarTfrlSan." p-iwd S"^, lira^F. 

Tbe fimrt vt-hkh 1u bf Stiff ralirtd 
by tha American JTa«iBb RplLef War 

ortanlsatlon tu lo l>e lined gft 41. o^- 
mflhEtarlftn fund to furiUah ruLEef irt 
tbe flitrreL'ltip Jow4j. ami not (0 fnrth-ar 
a relEBlfluR dfnionnlrat(an_ the p/pen.k- 
er pQlntcd out. Thin l* pracMfifilly 
(li« flr^i tLnifl tlsat IHe AraDrlfciii 
popuJi-t-Eon s-i a ^ baJc nrjfl -been aa«od 
to haSp the Jfwlsb ^nuK-e nnd rhp^ 
have been moH maEnfLBJn^ftUtL In l"h^1r 

r: ■■I'U^fi. h& HFlJd. 

Wat P-c-^tro-ya Prejudice 

"U-e are now united an n pct|Hl- i" 
AihuHlh nii wn never ih-h 1 ti^Jore. r J'?n' 
bj'pbi'.n 3a lj«lne waah^d n-w-Hv hi Ebe 
TirceJoiiB Mood of odr- kipyft "Ov^i - 
'riiorc. 4 A JoMsh hny Jn Flniidi'PiifteW 
AEort n- cpiifLTis ibcrnpi> ih.o iv^ uf hift 
*tirEnB CiMlLoMc oammdfi whPii a Pr^- 
catant Jad ran to fcErh ji IInIp: wrflLcr 
to mui^lftn inft frflvliiE llp^. ThR,t pi^ j 
iuro typirieK the nrw ftplH! nf JniKnt- 
whEp. No Tiiore id I "^ 1 a I nn ^ thfoufrh 
eiecdu] hiiiredf- And In rfn- ^pl^J"L of 
ttaftfle Lhrc-E Atncrlcnn p^hLjm-s 'Ov?r 
Thrr* 1 ' rt"^ pc^^ln heni ihuh.1 unlr^ In 
a3] Rood taua^s for nommn-n liui»flhlrj." 
Will Orgiir.ii- 

ttLiherfcsfl^M elMznnw. lateT. -*EI] or- 
criniie 1.0 1a He ijo Ehft worfc for thn 
JcwtBh rcllnf, ThP ^omniln^e v.'IE| 
^on.qiat or ami non-Jowp. nnd 
th-e n.e»iirtiei5i ffltpi'fl^Med rntaowinfi 
the hmc:hnon rollcetln^ that ot lh& 
iWjaiLin 1.1 till y, ifiTTfj u'||] hf the uflnaL 
^no^rouK r^flponM^ that thTn t'Jfl - and 
roufllr ftlve to n|| worthy raus-ea in 
CrtbtiPL'tLnh islr.ll lln'- iV;it 

Thoet Who AUftnded. 

TIjoka ^Ilo Huend^t Mir: luiitlLroti 
to mnnl Dr KrtMfl wvpc ; 

A. XVnJJr. JoflJ?pJa i!r:iJ!J^, \\\ IT, 
IIJII. II, A, .PnMfro, 31. si. ErHH^N.tHn. 
A I [red HaprrOI, ft b. [}\^£\ m Mai 
FrcJi<:fcm*Ja. "■ A, TftHlFM, M Ploch- 
belninr. 3. "IVdnkopf. J. A. f, 
IT. 1. Tiipmjm. JVoPnLfjn M|srp.rh. O. 
Sclidrjrlfl*. .rosftpo <:haln. Marl in 
UhLhn. iVa Harpieion. Ham not!. W 
VV. K»>-£, Arthur S. C'rkiw, A. W. 
Aiftfion. hZdFTnr Tt. h'u-llcr, riants] iUir> 
rEK, A. [,. WikJEonbftEtn. Abe Rpififar. 
Nat N. Solomon . Morrh Oreen, -fani^K 
llfcooci, E. A. KJeEn r Jos MaEalrnpudc. 

"... the six million starving Jews in Poland, Galicia and other stricken Eastern 
provinces ..." 

The Bakersfield Californian, July 30th, 1918, page 4. 

No.31, September 1918 





in flu: vast and tragic history of 
lEic Jewish people, few New 
Vears: have been so frattght with 
^consequence as the one which es 
:,]>proacSiiuc;. The ^reat Pak of 
Hctilcirtviu in Western Russia, 
where alone in the mod em world 
survived a x'itatly characteristic 
Jewish life, ha* been shattered. 
Fiery waves of opposing armies 
swept over it. The great Russian; 
n-treat devastated if. And now 
marchy Iiti.9 supervened to com- 
plete ihu destruction of the few 
OBVIOUS landmarks rttid gracious 
nmntimt-Lif s of ihu spirit thai war 
may have left untouched, -\ J ot in 
Helghim nor in Sgrvia has l li c= 
? iLi 1 1 been greater or (lie suffcr- 
ncs nt the population niore terri- 
ble. The beautiful forms in which 
civilization embodies its multiple 
energies have crumbled. There is 
I'.u Lunger gesture nor cnlore^- 
encc. Life has been reduced to 
the siTiiiainl monotony of susiaiu- 
inp existence. "J" hat alone now is 
elkort enough, a creal burden, not 
home very successfully. And this 
is tlic cost of the war in the Vale! 
For a Few brief months, as U in 
testimony to the recuperative 
power of the most artcienl ;um| 
most astonishing o\ races,, their. 
spirits soared with bright hope 

the Ix evolution, like a £USll 

*t\ prima} energy, dethroned the 
czar and broke the backbone of 
bureaucracy. Who does not re- 
m ember the cheerful prophecies 
dint were indulged in on every 
side bin little more than a )'Wf 
sj^j? j-ih[- nil the world, It was 
:=■ if the Jewish people had never 
Ix-'cri oppressed in itussia and 
would never he oppressed there 
"--:*■! in. Mure ihoinjhtfnl observers, 
1 ■ 'ilinjr t H c= present in the lijjht of 
the oast, could n-u-L conceal their 
' ■-=e 1 mngs of the permanency of 
""tedom gained at a (riant* £ stride, 
' 1 accompanied by the throes and 
ponies that seem to be the uce- 
i'*sary incidents to historical 
"'""Tuggles fop freedom. It was a 
omp^dVlat rather khan a Rcvo- 
hui&n, Bcholdinp: the uprisinc/s, 
the mutinies, the general lack of 
restraint and of deference to the 
J, -newly constituted authority, like 
telaxitiou it I ike of the sanctions 
ciigiob and the penalties oE 

"1.W, the breaking up oxer night 
'■' all the ordered institutions of 
Society and Uie tribunals nl j^r 
lire, wtthin whose calmi shadows 

-■me tliL-ti' i^ peace, thoughtful 
-I ^cta Errs ELik'd ample grounds for 
j ,- '_r opinion that there con Id nol 
1,1 freedom for ttiL- Jewish pi h|iIl 

11 Russia until there should be 
'^■eilom fur the. Russian people i:L 
^nsnia. And freedom for I he; l£tM 
■'■■'i people i& still a lonf>- way oft 
•t is a time of immense mncer 
1; *'nii«L Lvoflf, aiilinkolT. l^odji- 
iiiKO, K^rcnsky — names (hat 

sounded Like trumpet peals in the 
cars oE mankind r personages who 

strode forth seemingly as great 
as I in- giants of Genesis in this 
newer creation of the world? 
Ala*! we have Been that. what wc 
look tor the h^urcs of giants were 
ifrily the shadows. oF men, i^iveu 
■i-TiJiyiuc; dimensions by the lurid 
Ji^li! pf the up^eethinc; fires be- 
fore ^\jai^.- 1 1 they stood. 

They, tOOj have been swept 
;L\\-;i,y ; ;ij]d to their cftorts,. wise or 
unwise US l!ir,y may seeui to he in 
; lie lie. 1 1 : of Ills 1-: 1 1 y ■ sueeeeiled l 1 1 e 
devil dance of the EJoJshevikL 
Kever in lIm- chronicles of the 
xx-^ir'lti. not even in the Parisian 
terror! have the shocked eyes of 
mankind beheld a wilder phanta^ 
nra^bna, cbntpounded of ideals 
and fanaticism and criminality. 

" . . . prQitd riMu. 

Drcsl ilia Htttc brief Vttlhitfity, 

Mz*st ignorant af witnl he's utvfi 

t\ss\tfed f ■ 
His /fiassy fssctu-^ likr (in flttgyy 

Piays sirch faniastU trkks bff&re 

high Jicaueh 
-jfjf pwrta' the ijji^i'/j tcvep . r r " 

lirievouH as have been the suf- 
feriucfs of the Russian people un- 
der this regime, the sulkeriufis of 
the lewifili |n.«.ipU: have been even 
more grievous. Ace used on the 
hand by the middle classes of har- 
boring extremists and of ha vine; 
had the unwelcome distinction of 
contributing a Trotsky to Russian 
pi>l:ii<i, cm (Iil- other hand ih-y 
Have been attacked by the Ked 
Guards' mid the Soviets becatkse 
they arc declared to belong to the 
ha{ed Bburgeosie. U the people 
1-: [tussta theniselves ^Ltfn-r under 
cite iroii heel <if German^ the sni- 
ri:in-s of the Jewish peopk are 
far preater because to thL' tyranny 
of 1 III' man ocenpattOU has ln-m 
addefl the hurdeu of Russian out- 

Qnct muri-. as so often bet • 
thf Jews are ground between (:ic 
li |hfi-L-tr and tin- ncdn.-; iuillst<iiit-. la 
Russia of the Czars rhe.y were an 
alien people, hemmed in by every 
restrictive law that the ingenuity 
of the hi pot could dcvisi-, an<i 
marked fbr slaughter at will by 
tht: ba&e passions of a mob inltam- 
ed by a venal police. In Russia of 
the Revolution they are still an 
alien people, a buffer between con- 
flicting hatreds in a class war. 

Should Russia in the course of 
time ultimately vhiu her way to 
peace, order, arid sectirfty under 

- system of democratic and 

enligrhted government, it is nok 
iiiipn .bahb- that the Jesvs xvill 
^han; with =■ 31 other Rnftsians it 
Ijn^'iT measure of civic freedom 

Liuoi they have ever had hereto- 
fore, Hut it is a long aad tortu 

ou* road w tliai ha^py epiksuni 
station. Who knows whether the 
Jewry of Russia will be able to 

stand up under the blows that 
have been rained upon tt hy Ger- 
mans and kussians alike, by T^r- 
tigfu wars and domestic hi 
Ami shijuld it siirvlve, may noi 
the thoni^lttfn] KLLssian few, lover 
of old kussia thouj^ii he he be- 
cause tus ncople IklVl- inhabited it 
for a thousand years, reasonably 
ask hinisctf whether even with the 
accomplish me nl of freedom, the 
characteristic life of his people as 
a people will be preserved? May 
he not well entertain troublesome 
questionings whether it is ni-ni.: 
likely to undergo- the dissolving; 
prbcessi wliich it seems to have 
Ukkde rootle in all tlie western lands 
of tin! emancipation. That is a 
spMUfottou lor the future. It is 
enough U* s^y of the present that 
l^u^kan where the bulk of the Jew 
ish people <o the number of well 
iiv<T T-ix mill inn Mill dwell, is a land 
of blood and of midnight d^rkne&s. 
Kistienciit was :lm isolated ej>i.^jde 
in eon 11 'arisen. Ji ivitl 1h- ;l heart- 
rending Ni-w Tfear that the Jews 
ai liussia u'LEI celebrate tins year. 
But as the sun Eor the present 
seemingly sinks in th^ West, it Hse? 
once more in thu East Win- '.• ■ 
not know of l he British declaration 
favoring the estahtishnuiiil in Pal- 
estine of a national home Eor the 
Jewish people? From north of 
Jaffai across the plains of Philistla, 
up through the hills of Judaea,, 
down once more to the River Jor- 
dan, and so l»eyoud to the Mcsopo- 
karrjlari desert, extends (he gallant 
t Lr Jir^3« hike. Jewish >'ounp; men aTe 
n-liirn^ jn II Tile Jewish Lesion is 
eloquent ie&itnipkiy of the valor of Uk- 
Jewish youth who trom n\] khe free 
l:mds ui the Dispersion liave rallied 
round the Shield i>f David to bear 
u- ohwand bravely in baitle for 
liberty and (he old homeland as did 
:!;. legion? under the Maccabees and 
liar fnehluj, &pthifig more sigiiin 
cant of khi- enduring worth i» "'i- 
Jewisn race Iul^ occurred since the 
destruction of iltf Tejqple, Nothing 
lias had a more insniflng erteet 
upon Jewry the world over, Zion- 
ism is no longer a dream. It Is an 
establish fact. The blne-and- 
whlte banner with its star streauis 
once more over the walls of jem- 
saieni In Palestine alone is (here 
an opjiortunity of cslablishing anew 
a center en" characteristic; Jewish 
life. It is the j»rcatest cOniScquencc 
that may come with the Xcw Yi-ar 
^that witl surely come wtth tlic 
■•■■ liiimied stfcceis of The Rritis]i 
^rms and the victory ok" khe Allies. 
_lews K who have fcmglit for the lib- 
of nil isther peoples, are now 
li^litin^ for their own lihertv as 


Fin' ItlHjrLy^.has Rirded 
herself for combat, the last ^jreai 

nation of the world to enter the in 
evitable baitle. Amerleims inf all 
faiths have rallied round Freedoni 
at its call. Jews whu shall be en- 
rolled in khe armies of tin- Eree ..I 
lies have an added distinction, They 
fkghl not alone to secure the sai'ety 
Ot ihi 1 native lauds which Iu.l- 
given theiii freedom and opportu- 
nity, h«l also to establish a jjrinei- 
pfe in I he world for which Lb . . .1 
a |HNiple, have stood as ]irota|jonLsls 
for over eighteen hundred and sw- 
1 11 iv rears. 

H khis war is to establish, a ui;;n 
of law in. iho W0rid„ who can ea- 
ya^c! tu il with minds more con- 
vinced and with more resolute than 
the Jewell |»coplc a who, from ihe 
Lieuv of Moses u|*ui Sinai, have 
prpclairrKitl ktie sanctity of law ? If 
this war t& to establish a rci^n of 
ri^ht over kite might, whu can sup- 
port it more ardently than the Jew- 
ish ]>eopk': VVas j c not ^fr 
projilidi who crted . nit, "Not by 
might ant hy power, hut by my 
spirit, sniih the Lord of Hosts." If 
this war is to tstabliall Ok- huldUlj 
obligation ol plighted coveuauls, 
who can enter it iviih greater en- 
lluasiasui than the Jews b heho 
Lhroughoiu hJSkOkical "times have 
suffered as none otliers From a cyn- 
ical disregard of treaties? If this 
w.iT is to stT^- to peoples lhe woild 
over,!i!. a vjoke Iki iheir own 
ilestiny, and a right to live tlivir 
own lives withiNiu dlclalibn, wheth- 
er they 1x- large ^r small, who can 
engage in it with more teal than 
the Jewish people— they who me 
the smallest of nations, khe mi -st 
outraged over the longest period of 
lime, lhe most unvieidin^ ;md tike 
naost per*[itefltly hopeful of an era 
wheti Liberty should 1jc proclaimed 
throughoul all the world and to- all 
the inhabitants thereof | 

Amid the innrlieulate discordant 
voices 1 1 i"H rrse front RtiRSia, amid 
the clash "F arms^ ihe turmoil 01" 
Jjatkle, and the cries of agony ihnf 
1 ill ^lk- hearts and spirits of suiter- 
iiiLf mmikittil. amid the heave ind 
tuj^ and grinding comlwLts e 
very forces of tlie Universe, a* tt 
were, comes tlie N"cw Year of tlie 

Never a d;Lx of light-hearted fes- 
tivity K but ra titer in" grave and s..a- 
ermi cotumiutioii. Kew Year this 
yeari will be hi the irucst sense, in 
tile phrase oi Leviticus, a Sabbath 
and a imjmorijd oi hlowin*r oE 

" |«-ts r a holy conv4.ical[ou F wiib 

an offering made by tire tinto tlie 

The \ r ew Year is e;iille4 the Day of 
Meiun-rial. To what jfrcat meuior- 
iep will the blowing of the trumpets 
slim mil in us before ihe L-iir*l— ulem- 
ories of that grandeur which is Jew 
i-h history; memories of home -md 
fanuly and the freedom which we 
have enjoyed in this blessed kink 
memories of every hill and vallev 

"... Russia, where the bulk of the Jewish people to the number of well over six 
million still dwell, is a land of blood and midnight darkness." 

The Jewish Criterion (OH), September 5, 1918, page 17. 

No. 32, September 1918 

SAMUEL MASON DESCRIBES AWFUL their homes, m IMA eastward in their flight, because theii 

CTIVIiVRIIVr (\V tJITQQI AN RWIiriK nearest of kin are in the United Statpa- They, too, are stranded 
JjUrrlilllllU UF IllJOijlfil> liLrlJUEaJ but their position is made more precarious by a hostile regime, 

, - M r — — _ _ a augemented by the setting loose of thousands of German war 

fcpeda! UimiBtmier of Hebrew Sheltering anil 1 mini grant So- iflonerS wh o look won tl* Jewish victims as the easiest prey for 

ciety Submits Report of His Six Month. Labor at exerdajng their ill^ncealed desire for vengeance upon their \ ene- 

Harbm and Vladiv ostock. mies ^^ ^ p]ight ofthe M0 "Jewish refugees from Kowna 

Describes Uelief Work Antony 20,000 Russian Refugees Who * n f Suwalke <^™ ™* in Tomsk was for a time indescnb^ 

Have Been Compelled to Travel Thousands 01 Miles *^e, ™«ig to the persecution of the Wr. German prisoners 

to Escape the Enemy, whom the. Bolsheviki permitted to administer and control that 

T , . city. 

In a report to the director of the Hebrew Sheltering and Im- The condition at Vladivostock is deplorable, the main trouble 

migrant Aid Society, Mi\ Samuel Mason, who went to Japan and there is with the male refugees who are not given any assistance 

Russia as special commissioner for the organization, tell the story by the local community. Says Mi\ Mason;. "They are actually 

of the terrible hardships endured by Jewish war refugees from picking up crumbs of bread wherever they can find them and they 

Ru ssia, The re port describes the havoc the war has caused among sleep in any shed they can find along the railroad tracks, Their 

the | n Jews of Russia. Driven by the invading armies, number is very large, . In the course of my investigation in Vlad- 

the Jews have been compelled to flee from their homes; tens of ivostgek I came across severalhundreds at the raijroad station at 

thousands have traveled thousands of miles amidst the greatest 5 o'clock one morning. Their pitiful pleas and the recital of their 

hardships to escape the enemy. Over 20,000 Jewish war refugees horrible .plight nearly broke my heart, 

are scattered east of the Urals. From the very inception of the work, even before Mr* Maeon 

The relief organized by the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant tailed for the Far East, the United States Government evinced a 
Aid Society of America came none too soon. The work is' only deep interest in the fate ofthe refugees, and "had it not been for, 
in its inception, but what has been accomplished thus far showfc the broad humanitarian ism that actuates the administration in 
that American Jewry must make strenuous endeavors to rescue Washington, our efforts," Mr. Mason reports, "might have been 
these war refugees, the vast majority of them women and child- frustrated at the very outset. War conditions made it necessary 
ren from the jaws of death, for the promulgation of a new policy in regard to the visa of alien 

Mr. Mason arrived in Yokohama on January 1, From that day passports and the American Consuls in Japan naturally had to 
ttntif July 5, when he left to return to New York for the purpose ^uide themselves accordingly. However, due to your prompt 
of reporting upon this work and discussing the needs of the action in advising the State Department of the character of our 
future, his whole time was occupied in organizing relief agencies work and thanks to the thorough comprehension of that work by 
in Yokohama, Harbin, Valdivostock, Tokyo, Kobe and Nagasaaki. aur Government officials, some of the greatest difficulties Were 
The result of the work is embodied in the report to the board of overcome after the State Department had issued special .iriatr tic- 
directors of the Hebrew Sheltering and Immigrant Aid. Society nons to the American Consuls at Harbin, Vladivostok, Kobe and 
of America, now made public by Mr, John L. Bernstein, the pres- Yokohama relative to the passports of women and children— war 
jdent, refugees — who are destined to male relatives in the United States, 

Among'the refugees were one hundred and six non-Jews, Poles, The consuls not only followed the letter of the modified instruc- 
SlaVs, Armenians, Syrians and Persians. It goes without saying tfcns of the State Department, but they evidenced too a willing- 
that they received every care. As -previously stated, more than ness to reflect the liberal spirit of President Wilson's administra- 
20,600 refugees- are scattered east of the Urals, This is a con- jjon. Having satisfied themselves as to the worthiness and the 
servatiye estimate. Driven by the enemy, thousands of mites froir eligibility of the applicant, they promptly visaed the passport' 

"The report describes the havoc the war has caused among the six million Jews of 
Russia. Driven by the invading armies, the Jews have been compelled to flee from 
their homes ;" 

The Columbus Jewish Chronicle (OH), September 13, 1918, page 1. 

No.33, October 1918 

51,000,000,000 FUND 

| Soul* Wilt Need Help 
to Resume Normal Life 
When War Is Ended. 


Cammlttei af American- Jew* Lays 

Plana for the Greatest Human!- 

far! an Task Jn; Hiitorj- 

Tlie Ainerkftn propfe, Jews and POn- 

Jews aUke, Trill a^oti be aehcd to 1 lend or 

contribute the larpeS-' part of a fund of 
apjjrosntKitely ?x l 4JOT,Ou« r , M10 to can-* out 
plans for tlic reconstruction *.e Hie Jewry 
of Lbe entire. TiorLd. Announcement to 
this effe'cl, LoaeLbCr With the General 
plan ol pi-otedurn, was made pub-lie last 

UrUrilK. Doatowteif a, mectini: held J-wter- 

flay Jn lbs offi** or Fell* M. varbiLrw 

of Jtuhn, L«b A Co., Chalrinon of the 

Joint Distribution Oomrn.Ltt.ofl of the 
American FunO* for Jeurlah Wtr Sul- 


Whale the nppunl wi-Lt i^o out to the en- 
lit* T'OJ'ld. the p*&ple oI wair-rivvaffTMl 
TCurgpe, Lt 9« behevedn will net b* Hi po- 
sition to further the plan financially ^0 
an* - tnrgv (Stent, *o ttiat llic burden Wfll 
fall upon the United States, Canada, and 
perhaps England. 

The money tor ihc project, the lorjieH* 
purely iLiimBtnlitiLiiitii undenattriff in li?«- 
tnry, wllL not be sought a*one through 
contributions, but will embrace le-ans, 
and Tt'Ill be accented irom. non-Jewleh aa 
rvelS a* Jewish SoUJ^MS. The. TOoei dote 
yji>] Ulc aUttttiHI cf the camotUgn tt> F inn 
bllbon-dolU l L reconstruction fund -was 
not ann.ouncD(] . but preliminary vrurk 

injn. already beget! . 

Tins plan la th« mil It of month* o* 
*tuHly hy the .Toll it ^Distribution Com- 
ijftiH-TM] or reports from every country i 13 
tfbleh Jew* have been made to Buffer. 
titlTOUEh the ■war, and includes the neiid- 
tnjs vt cO-nim Isalon* gf American Jcvn. 
^icperls lJ3 philanthropy, suctnl sen-Ice. 
education, and business. Let RU5&la, HU- 
manla. Poland. KaleHlhtf* £t:Fb!.n, 
Greece TSuLfai-lii, and other, lands *■■■ 
»dei as the international sftug-tigti per- 
mits. The work ban. already been. LuIUat- 
!;■:! in slwcl-rL oountflea where recent aL- 
LLed HuecOeHaea have made a begin n'na 

Fr-nm repoi-LS (pom rcjsre&enta-tivri 
abtoad It -la ^ntJrn*Led that OC the- 9.- 
vKK>.P(HJ io iS 1 '00O i ,0<O s^ulu m nkitiR up Lkie 

Jewish uoputiktlon of the YVOtSdU «X«LuBlve 
dC trie S.GHKMXKJ Jen-n Jn ih* United 
3tatiij k a ciueTtar at Uie number ai^a 
dutltntCr Jiarvhiar, SnJ honvtlea*. and 
fully half will med asaielatwe to be- 
comfl neaT-snptKH-tln.ff Offalri, 

ijcKtri. 1 * TvltUqtrt intu-roct nlll b* TnR^r 
available to jem-a in vatlooa parts *( 

the ^arld B* Ihai bailneca enterprise* 
mi}' bo reeen*trueted, 1*be onLy bb- 
curitr -rfSll bfc the 5tnl>ULLy vt the in- 
duulrlen if Lor ihey liftve been put upon 
a se-rirtd. PurtlneBss foundation. The ent] 1 
mortsastl. It WuS said, "^ill be " mart- 
Eaet-n *f lioner" o-u the ^nrd gf i"h* 

■rcwlirtS peuplc. 

The work tin.; ikli-eiulj' been in4.ueura.L- 
cd thrnUcb the orgOJIiZfttte-n oi( three 
t-r-frnj'iiiqjiiiuna- Mips H, GolJ.tria.h f duLUffht*? 
0( J>? r Juhus Cig(dnla.n of Uew Yei-U., LB 
new on her "ivny to Halonlkii and e-he 
u-ILI -visit Serbia, DulffAtia, asul rtu mania 
AS Ro^ii b.c nc-saLble to eatabEiah a branch 
of the ecmnilttee in each eo^nLry, Dr. 
Solotnon i.rjyeoEir^Jrj, agpnrFntendeat oJ 
the ' I-Iebl-tH' Orphan ABy]uni o% p5*w 
York, bt* On hl& nay ta Itll^ country, iol- 
IgwInET an inaue^tLon. Itlp to Palestine 
ns: behalf of tine cOnintLttCa. r: c . BOrL^ 
D. E-flMfeilr ^ficrctary of the l-'leld TJureaJ 
of the National ■ Ooftf*r^pce oC Jcw(«h 
CharLLlefl. has appUetf Te-v pa 51 !:^!!!? tfll' 
VlRfll^'*JitftlEi 3-»wl "will eo there- undLT 
tne au&plrjcs of the conatnLtle'e. 

fteaLLzLn-p tlLft Lmniri-nsHy 0-f the taflfc 0( 
rttet»i<lr"C!,tnn and. the LiLbor. funds, and 
iiyientltle knovkidse j'eciLitrecl, (lit Joint 
IJlftirLbuLl-on ComrnHiec naa ipasurnratcrt 
a' ctudy of the haae prubSem, v, J 5tti a 
view lu heine; pii;pa!f^J aa ra^lifly a^ 
cc-nditlOVTB- alLDw to cntef Upon it ptQu 
ji-am ot pennunc-nt rehabilitation, autfcrf 
to the espeeral needs, environment, n.n*l 
flveumstanees of the Jo-^'a Let difierent 
parts d! th* World, 

TJae to. bfi i="Cht ftorn 
Am0rlt4k will perform their labor* aprl 
render American as&l*rancr> throiitfli 
t-*ij(iT , *Htn-Lfl.lEvc Jew* of the natlona iind 
localities lo T- _ h1eh theT pn, fgLlnnrltic; out 
qpe pr-nHimt poller oi thu Joint DLitrlhu- 
[len Coanmittrt in dlehUrfilhS the tnor^ 
lhan 520.WJD,tlOft rniaed by Acri^riqsp 
Jcrotry tov T.-U.T relief sLnCe jT>H. 

Uulline ef Aeeanttrnetten Vl&a, 

Tt Is planned to- jlr* reco-netttlC Liori 

ttoi-Ic the benefSt oC ATnerJoan nymteEt. 

cneFil^. *nd, roflnnircDfulneaK, reiufgrced 
bj- Amerltati mLllonR- IMse seepe ef the 
urid-fiVllfl fcing; in (ts broad outline."* ein- 
brajtea the followlne;: 

1. iMBideiaLs and tcmpoTar> - ansiacane* 
TliKMinaarr in gave tlv: \fny for pf-LtifiB.aeiat 
Tvtf^iaiaAtiiieLiDai. vIh-.i the nupgLyiuif ef fono, 
cJ^thfBE, phritet 1 End medleal atleinlon. 

". ii-lrntlflc a;uflr uunn tha crauDiI af 
the varloun fonrns rfo-po^lTTict^D-a ahalE 
talrr. nrrpnHiis (a fchfl \btn,d* at \h# nw- 
pi'*1 ]ieria|Jiiliini. 

it. tjuiiiJDj'iuciit of li^ior, riirr.ii-k th« 
-|i]«iibiLL-!|f a.nd 'narfrlna oiit eC rrrj+ein tiy 
n-n^rN iL-irrk*cH irtny Jih rie^uf ■flvaataB^'- 
midy and vcorrtn-.kiLiiy mrLii* it-if-^unrofi- 
inn aaA tb* imFjtle w#lfan( fajal Je at an> 

■4. HbpatrEaUen el raJucees aeiJ iJie rn- 
esLaliliflJimetiL of the larnllr aad Iuin». 

:.. r-:i:nilvlfiK' <if r:iw pi iiI.btLp.Lb fieedid - (^t 

l-rin IndiMt-ripJ lifO or the tommdnLtv. 

i. V-aefe.t|.-a rt *J and 'UntriiiSca.l H^h^ola lou 
[]i4 tiiliijcif of the j-suns- 

~t. UemllutlJ UhaBodlin— Lti# eiteii*len -or 
trra Imti«— loans Tri'.h.*ul tritc-jeai — (o the 
■d-ppyri-ijks-j ifl-r tJie pnlrpone of encasing; in 

F|. i'rcvi*lyq TOr Hi* ajwrltua] aiid jnftjTi] 
^■■rtltaro. Ihreilfih mwlntflnc* ti> tli^ Jf*b- 
L-i*, VtMiEvbtlt (J#v,-Iah TlL**Jc^(i*,i vel- 
TTirpLtrJ. TaJmud. Toraha MIvlEcloun 
oclioDl^S and »ther rensloua *.nr| htihea' 
idiKUUanal ricter* tnuiniiil to CIld Taw - 
leJi fnlth- 

fl- TIhi r^vra to the t'nlita Eliatea ot 
AJiwMeau elttMh*. 05.1 ictJ ihr-anKh i\iv frar 
Jn enc-niy And n?i:(r*l onjont^ej, r^unlHrac 
ch'yjis ici chair f^culiLnn 
■" M^nifrets of the Joint P[*lributreri 
Ceminlttee, de^irLac to an(.leLpa.te Ute 
IrehncndouB neod ana trie ma=rriiti^- tr it 
uupDrtiiniti- for nervtte piescnte^l bv the 
rceoiiflLi'Mt-tlon Pfobtema at Jcwty. have 
fOI- nuny menthj been eon?.W*rlnE; the 
practical atepn t* be toner t once it 
nhoutd be possible t* enter upon the 
LaFic, the ErnniensKy of which staut^-n 
tile InLafi-Lnatlun,"", Faid Titv. ■War burs I" 
the ptateinent aui:.-gmD[inylti£ mc- in-. 

Li::iJi.i:i-nLCii1 i.r tin; yla.n.s by thu Joint 

DM i-ibution Committee. 

'* TO that end, IH he conlLnuflfll, "-tuq- 
merous eonferenueu have been heLd, bud- 
en ta fc\T thrt breinntng Of the wmk are 

now in Piepa'a-'aon. jit-.d tentative ul&nr 

have been laid finr the fiietLloda to da 

pu.p*ued and the polielee to be follgwed". 

Leans t rr: ih CohEfJbulleni. 

" America \\&& learned thtau^n the 

LltJerLy Ijoah tli-u Value of toann and 
hoi\- Uieee oun be ttiade to flefo-ni|-Jlj]li 
what ennnot bo aooDnnpliahad by con- 
trllautloni, 'flierei Is no doubt that a 
larce part Of thfj monej? reiiuireel to 
tarry OUt tllfl proirftin for JflWinli re- 
cepetrucilgn. will be. obtained throueh, 
Soana wljich Will repay net only tfte 
original princlgal ad. j anecdl r but divi- 
ded dn ^r fcritltude of the J-cwtil^ people 
And the boon to . the individual con- 
oekocB ivlhieb eomee from noble dec^f», 
The Opportunity lrifcj be fii'en tu eiiabte 
as laT^e a number as poaslbl* to be- 
come self-si! DUOi-tlliS. anfl IP this my 
the principal will be amply nrc^ed. 
for. n-nce IriLs purpose im accomplSehed, 
it w.-iil be poeeEble lo srranEro far re- 
pa^-nient oC Lhc aunie aAvmnoea, 

'■ Eurnrie&n lewrj-. tlie JewTj' Ln Xttl-n- 
~w\tr r^nind, PsJejtlnc. hn» ev^-r huctn a 
people ttlat HU atinccSed hai>L 10 Obtain 
a measiv ?]v€3ll3iood— a poor people. Add- 
«d to ihe liardshlos ind toll of eidinary 
existence they hnve been nompn-llisd Lo 
suffei" the JeinrSvAt^ona. want, and mis- 
ery of Joyj 1 yee-i-M of wae, In many tn- 
atanees beins foreen to ecacvete theSr 
itbiL'iea and be deprived of all their pO*- 

w**]onb-, JUmdreds of ttiou*Epdn have 
dlfld., and of the mSlilom remaining a 

Tory Sars;e pereentace, probublj' W per 
eenc, wiJ| have to be s^lsinl in tlie. re- 
construction 0( Lholf IIvmi and foLtunea 
UpOn JcVivry fall^ «Ofli the 
ft-urxfen and the nrtvilece of leadiiiET the 
Wfty Jn thtn work, that has for Lt* s=^le 
obJ,eul the ppeea^-atlon of tne Jevriish 

peopl*. and thi« work the Joint DiRtrihu- 
rLori CLii.iiLLUee. Y-'PfrnentlnK v;*m ati.- 
tlon of American Jmwn'y. has taitcn upon 
itflpff (O perfa-rm. 

"The Joint [>Fnti-Lhutlon Cbnitnlttea 
plane to -call to its aid ererj" element ol 
.fe»-ry both htt-ii and abroad et [tsp.|*,t, 
.anxl oppo rUinity will be provided fof all 
|o have a part in ihta crOat effort, 
Ijtpcrlncr. JlraliLP, M«ff- 

" There Is SLViiJlabln In American Jftw- 
.rj r every faetOI' peeeftsary to tlie simcepa:. 

ful ca-LTTlnET out of this project- KKpevl- 
ence. bralna, tho will to do. and IhO 
T.-]iere^-Ltlial at-j nor lackinc;. Th* Joint 
Distribution Cominiltee >LU seek to en- 

rall in lite uuderinhii^S" 0in,L a,l l>" l]]e 
thousand* who crrtltrjbuted in the 
paat to the war roLLef fundfl. bui in fact 

every Jewlah man and n-ornan and ^-hild 

in Amellcn." 

^"lie Jolni Dl sirlbutlon Compilttce, uci- 
dftr wh.oa* direction the w-ork of rehabil- 
itation will be conducted, is, uuide up of 
Ibe representatives oi Lbv. Ani'.iic:Ui r 
CcntLal, and People's Je-wi^h ""iVav Re- 
Lte E Can-inilttec:i, and eevLy Ln the -war 
tbo. ^on'imitte* wap responsSble foi" fie 
gendiiiet of a nomnjiCeBien w PoJ*nd ror 
Llie purpose of ffatlserJEiff reliable in- 
formation and statistics ap, to the: .fitua- 
tlgn tv be alHavl&ted by Amej'Lean funds. 
It has Jlne<! e^tati-llfthfld and ngw main- 
tains a pcrmannnl branch of the ootn- 
mLttee In Holland, which rfcMfvefl re- 
ports directly from th* occupied tor- 
litorise vnere the nioneva for relief arc 
disbursed •on the reeninraendation of Dr.. 
jLLhert Van Raalie, who hsn innt re- 
turned to Holland from, a sticOnd inspec- 
tion trip of the o^:t-upLed (crrltorle.H. 

The nearly J2t.0W.M0. i-ollected. for re- 
lief fc:y the thren CQELBlituciiti'omniiltccp 
*nd if|abi|i'P*d by thn .Intnt Jj|?.trtbuttnn 

Con-ifnittee. i-epi-esente a per eapn* crm- 
trlhutioL'i of TWrtrLy %Z Itkcii tho ^,LKJfl,OfJCi 
JtiT'e In America, the l-Ai-pest ]ier L'flpJta 
contribution that has been made tu anv 
single war rp]Jcf by any people. Tli^* 
■deep not take Ento account llw epntn- 
hutlwn of Aniii-.unii Jnw'8 ta ttw> R*n 
Crosa and to other relLef aKen'ri^-H. I»l 
Its larger H-mggnlH the 3U0plKlD,OOl> PO far 
coUeofcH liavsf been dlpt*urfl*ni djj foilowM 

Huasia. 17/410,01X1; Poland ^O.flOv.000. 

and l*flleatlne H f^uwn.pun. 

The CtDiBillre4 Jlpniber*. 

The Tnembera- of the JoinL i>Lsnlbu. 

lien Committee Inclvdn. hMid^P Mr. 

^^i■arhurB r C^ialrman. ArLhur Lehman Of 
L+jhman DrOLhers, an-d Faul Ba4rwa.L-d 
nl l^aaard Preres, Tfeaenrera: Albert 
I^llcos, Sisiretary, ihe follpwifigr itiern- 
here: Jacob H. fltiilff. I.eut-o A*arjihalL 
Julius TRo.sehT.-a.ld r Mftbbt Stephen &, 
Wlee. Jacob IVarrlicam, Colonel Harfy 
Cutler,. Oecer ^. ^xra<-i-s, "Kaihan Straus, 
Henry Jlortenthau. Ahiram T- F-ltnn. Pr. 
Jtldah L, ^tRcnew, Harriet B. Lri>wen- 
Btein, Jacob BllHUwpf. mauley Hern, Dr. 
■TyruS Adler^ Ea» LKh Zur.kerraari. Hnvi---- 
13. Simmcn, A. C, T,VUi , mseT > Fct^r \\'lv 
m]Ji P -Colonel J-iftrris H'einat-ock. A a T-i^n 
T\"eil h CoLonel Tsa*^ M- Ullmnn, Slarinn 
M. Trai-ls, LouLi TopkK Rftljib) A--f--f. 
T^ltf'lhaUP'ii M5-yer ^ulaheri;er of Phila- 
delii-hla, "Cyrua K. -^ulEberRer. 1\ at atone, 
Abvam fclimon. llaJt ^enloe, ^le^r-^ 
E2i7hOAiih*ro:, Joseph ll. ftchoenf tki. J^eon 
Sanders*, M0f:Ih TlOtheihbnrc;, Otto A. 
I ": :■:-.;! ?:<y, PiLinurl K. Ttuuh. *j*iniiH?l l*hll- 
llpsn;t r Jnaeph >fkhae-U. ITtabbt M. S. 
Mn-rirolleS. Judge JiiHaJJ W. Macll, Mfli-Pi- 

London , Jacob n. Ut, E. -TV. T^TVLn-ii^u- 
FiLpJr. Julius Levy, fiaptaln Herbert H. 
Lehman, TlabhL Nathan Kr&u, Rabbi 
Louis J. Kopald, LOuMB IS, KlrPtel", Loc>n 
K.ant«1ky. Alexander Kehn. .t. -g. 
Jo*cph, T.OlUs IftSPie*. the l^ei-. "Bmil G. 
Hlrneh, IsidorE Hlrschfield. Jlrs^ Jsnet 
FlmuEOH? Harris Kabbl M'j-"en Often, 
Mejr-L- irrillle, Felix Fuld. Dr. Marry 
Friertenwaid. Profea^Oi 1 I*rP«l Fr Inlan- 
der. J", tvalter Freiberg, Di\ Lc^e K, 
p-fankr]. MOrtinicr Fre1sehoectfer r J-T.irry 
Fiuchel, Boris Fin^efhood. Morris 
Bncelnian. flniTniel Dori, Di. Edward 
N, Calisrh, FuliDTL BryLaw&lhi, Davtd a. 
Brown; .nmivld M, BreaMe^. Ur. Boris E. 
Boten. Rabbi Meyer Berlin, and Sha- 
lom ABeh, 

"$1,000,000,000 FUND TO REBUILD JEWRY Six Million Souls Will Need Help to 
Resume Normal Life When War Is Ended. ... 6,000,000 Jews Need Help." 

The New York Times, October 18, 1918. 

No.34, February 1919 


Immigration of | ( Jews 

to Palestine Will Be Pro- 
vided For, 

A Jewish Palestine whicfc will lib* 
3oH> ^^^^^B people — thla || ihA 
territory which the ZLen!s; dele£&Unn 
At P&rli haa asked at ihe pcice cod* 
ferr&ecp according to n cabiegr&rn 
from Reuben Fmfc> correspondent for 
tfc* i *D*y/ i who haw Ju*t tmrrvleirtd 
Or. Chatm Welzmann. 

Th* hrad of tfrfl Zl&ntal Administra- 
tive commission Ea credited by Mr* 
Fink with the following at&trnicni*: 

Plan a hivd Ajrfrady heeri per fo ri* I 
tor rfts ylatlris the njlpcratlori of |B 
| Jews to P&lesllnf* The Inr- 
migration will be conducted oft the 
br*a<lcat po»ftrte ba^ls ar.d all the 
tjeccmary m€»iurp? win be taken for 
lbs proper absorption of this LrnmS- 
jgraiLcn. The plan h&3 be*n ia for- 
muUtcd that tho Jewish bom* land 'n 
Fal«tlB* wni be tranffoVcn&d Into a 
Jfcwlah «ut« wh*n the Jews ftave a 
majority tn that Intid, 

Dr. lYelimann ta reported to have 
Maud thii ht U convinced that tH** 
pe&cq conlercnce will Krant a full 
tcakltalton ef*tbe 2l«*n1rt project 

A commission tq regttftte this Im- 
tnLgi-allcia nnd to lnv**it£at* th« 
economic, agricultural nml IndustrUt 
r^pojiunltlea o( Pilestlsio In ord*r to 
facUItM* the rapid abiflrption of the 
mt»H upon tholr Arrival t* provided 
for in ifre. budget of the la.flfl^GDO 
Pa lent In* r tat era lion fund which 1 Is 
now b*Jng rtlicd 1ft the United State* 
by tti9 ZlfthLit oncanUaU^n Di 


"JEWISH STATE IN PALESTINE PLANNED Immigration of 6,000,000 Jews to Palestine 
Will Be Provided For. A Jewish Palestine which will absorb six million people ... 
Plans have already been perfected for regulating the migration of six million Jews 
to Palestine." 

Schenectady Gazette (NY), February 21, 1919, page 2. 

No.35, April 1919 


Gov* Hobby Issues Pro* 

clamation Calling on 

People to Help 

There will be a campaign jn Texa& 
in behaK of the Jewish War Suffer- 
ers. Gov, Hobby has iaaued a procla- 
mation lo the people asking them to 
respond 10 the call for help. Every 
oounly in Texas is nnw being organ- 
ized, in Navarro county or^an Nation 
Is BeUiE effected with th* view of put- 
ling 011 the campal&tt at as early a day 
as possible. A meeting of prominent 
citizens has been called for tonight at 
S tfeloUk at ihe Chamber of Commerce 
to make plans for the campaign, 

Recently in New Orleans S250.Q0O 
was raised for thia fund in a abort 
littie and the State of Louisiana has 
raised a total of $460,00* The feeling 
among Texana is that Texas can do 
whal Louisiana has done t and Navar- 
ro county win doubtless do Hfi part. 

Dr. Henry H + Romfelt, director of 
the American Jewish Relief Commit* 
tee. in a recent issue of the Jewish 
Monitor, published at Fort Worth, 

wrote as follows: 

Tho need for relief In war- wrecked 
Europe la greater now than ever be- 
fore. Witii Oie signing: of the armis- 
tice million* of people in the liberated 
areas wore found to bo suff&ning aa 
pefhape people have naver suffered 
before. In Galacia and Lithuania* the 
dfjalh rate among the children under 
fir* at the preheat time exceeds sixty 
'iwrceoit, duo 10 malnutrition. It la es- 
timated that thorc are yax million Jew- 
ish woman, ahildrra and a*e4 men ac- 
tually starring to death. Mr. Louts 
Marshall recently paid: 

"Wo shall need more money than 
ever, now Uiat the veil is ahout to fee 
Ufied which ha* prevented tho outer 
world from appreciating the full ex- 
tent of the fluttering oJ the unfortu- 
nai^ Inhabit an is of Eastern Europe, 
Not only have our brethren been vic- 
tims of famine, hut the recent atroch 
ties which they have undergone In Po 
land and Galacla begftar description." 

Last year thnwsb the gemorosJty of 
the Jowft and nonrlewfi of America, 
we raised fifteen million dollars to help 
three million of our brethren, while 
this year, wlih the removal of -the bar- 
riers, more than five million people 
cry to us for food. Will the poople of 
America punni! thera to TJlead ■ in 

Louisiana has replied with f 45o,tino 
the proceeds' of a campaign hold in 
January of which amoimt «ttie dtj of 
Xew Or]*aiLg contributed £250,000 and 
the littie -city of Shiweport wltli a 

papulation of 35,000, under the leader- 
ship off ft*v> Jasper K. Smith, a Meth- 
odic minister, subscribed (BO.OftO. 
Way out in Kansas our state chair- 
man, Henry WalleuBtoin of Wichita, 
jmned. forces wilh Lho Armenian anti 
Syrian relief comnnittea, which will 
add at least acotbor 100,000 to the 
f acred fund, Mr Aujjust Kuhn of Co- 
himbla, South Carolina, is preparing a 
Mate drive and -the governor of South 
Carolina has called UQ>on his citizen 
rJilp tu contrfhulo at least ll&O.Onn. 
Out in South Dakota a small group of 
Jews invited tho participation Df lead- 
ing won- Jews awl on March 2ttih the 
tw Ire state will aa intensive 
t;rive lasting throo day* which is cer- 
tain to hriii^ another $50,400 for our 
ttrlcltim people, 11 will be Itir cretin k 
1o iioto that the ohatrrrjan for tfiH 
tJjive "3 Lt. Gov. W, II McMasL&n, 
vhr fihecrfuity answered ihe call to 
sierve us. The State of Arizona itmlt?r 
the leadership of Davi't Rnldbprg of 
Phoenix with In a few d;iyK will send 
a check for |5fi.OOO* bemp ihe pro- 
ceeds of their campaign recently con- 
ducted which netted J 11(1.000 to be 
eriii<i|]y divided between the Jewish 
war surferer-i aft'l the Armenian and 
Syrian r^Mof oommlttfe< r 

Manv or her plates. ::ucb *s Kentuc- 
ky with Col. Fittl I^vy of Loubvlli^ 
an chat itt ran, Teias under - P hc geiitral- 
shin of A lev H. Sanger ^f TJallas, and 
fieveraJ aioro, have pledged to raisa 
Jarjre sums In order tfiM the greats si 
tragedy m httnan history may be 

Notwithstanding ihe milllatfng fa-o* 
tors of uitsettled huutness conditions, 
income <ax, otc, wo face the luture 
confidcfit that American e^nerrrsiiy 1m 
rict an evanc&ccirt thln^ which must 
be trojpt alive by the procure oC war. 
tut instead a permanent b]m ritual en- 
richment which has transiformctl Am- 
erica into one of the greatest and hap- 
ptest not^ong on the earth, 

"SIX MILLION ARE STARVING ... It is estimated that there are six million Jewish 
women, children and aged men actually starving to death." 

Corsicana Daily Sun (TX), April 3, 1919, page 5. 

No.36, April 1919 

A Call for Help 

Tl People of Galveston 
to Answer It 

_ Kerugees,. they wander homeless, hungry, m 
rags. Herbert Hooker ha& said that one million people Trill die in Eastern 

Europe this winter. Thousands upon thou&andb will perish of starvation and 
exposure unless immediate aid cornea f rom America, The destitution of Jew- 
ish war sirffeters during the coming months will probably aurpass anything 
ever known in the history qi hunaan suffering F iheir suffering is worse 
than death—it is the lingering torture of starvation, the piteous tragedy of 
emaciation, the horrible ^vaitingjiaago OTj^ hunger, for the grim reaper to 
end their mis ery, Tht 
on American generosity < b of life, 

"With this picture before u^ how can we have the heart to ait down com- 
fortably at our tabid if w« nave not gii?en to the limit to save the lines of 
these afflicted people. ■ Only those who do not Imow can refuge to give. Only 
tbose -who have not been told of children 5 years of age vrtio, through -want 
of food, have never been able to, of roothers who hide the dead bodies of 
their children to retain the bread cards — only those who hayc not heard of 
these heart-rending conditions can torn, complacently aside the: appeal for help. 

Don't Wait to Be Msked 
Send in Your Check Now 

Galveston's Quota $25,000 

Campaign Opens Monday, April 7 

Every Dollar for Relief Expenses Met by 
Private Funds 

Jewish War Relief Committee 

DDOnOD pr^Al-T^ Ti*Jimi*r 
L IE. KEHTJTftlt. 

uwpe MKsur ccjik>- 

ffcufnnnn C»L*4nl.*h CdUBl41ff 

host, t, coirex 

H r E r JIAJUlTftI 

iai> las rcnii 

FR^It ALUttff 
B, 1-tiE KIQMrMGIl 

H. I, MlLJ.ElL 

New Smth. 


A Oil! for Help 

■-■-. ••: - 
.'j -in: 

Iim Iji LLI ■ Jk. 

Galveston Daily News 
April 4, 1919, p.3 

"Six million Jews in Poland, Lithuania, Galicia, Palestine, Turkey and Siberia are 
dying of starvation. ... These six million despairing souls are totally dependent on 
American generosity for the bare necessities of life." 

Galveston Daily News (TX), April 4, 1919, page 3. 

No.37, April 1919 

Galveston Must 
Do Its Part 

Your Help Is Needed 

This is not only a duty but a privilege. In oijt own £ark hour tko 
world respou ded . We must now TeciipTORflftd Sis: rnJJlion Jaws are 
dying ftf fitAi-7fl.tioi]. Homeless hopeksa, erased with hunger, in in- 
dcacxUmMc destitution they wander refugees, innocent victim of a 
heart leas mil itarism. Pniasianism and autocracy axe destroyed, but 
f Amine remains, tinea taming world peace an<| hapjsiucBS- Httiire, It 
you nan, the misery oF these stritfk&n people. Their suffering is 
worse than deaths-it is the Imgfiring torture of starvation* A 16 J jiLe_ 
dus tragedy of emaciation, the horrible waiting, m agony of teinpv, 
tor tLe gL'iin reaper to and their wretehednesE. 

There is only one thing you can do to help rtiem.| 

You can [Jive, 

Who can not spare something for those who 
have nothing at all? 

"Timi of Giving? ^uI)c^tKi:™ Wis*' Fi^liti^ Tirec M^r^l" 



Jewish War Relief Committee 

£E4frCB M/<.r,T. T 

' «■ 1LK-11-M ,i|. 
ILJJhRp dlKTtMl HjHIHfi^. 

CbLlrm-n ■JalirHoa dMn'Mp 1 

chia. fovi nn 
jcihit. i. GMJKM 

r.n i.4..Ki-.ri 

S, 3. rtlLL-Kfl 

Galveston Must 

Do Its Fart 
Your Help h Needed 

: ■ ■ 

Wiu > HI OA 3fVT T^rA nf l.r It,™- HL, 

4uu am ki ¥-,"-* •* 1C'.' 

.- 1 i. ■ : i ■ ■ v: ■ Iff [MB MTHTtf 

Pm — r= 

- J — .- — ^' 


"Six million Jews are dying of starvation." 

The Galveston Daily News (TX), April 5, 1919, page 5. 

No.38, April 1919 


Your Opportunity 

To Raise $25,000 for Jewish 

War Sufferers 

No Sectarianism in Jewish Drive 
Which Starts Monday, April 7 


The appeal that is now being made to the people of this community 
is directed to every race and creed. It is to call of suffering: and 
starving humanity— the plea of a helpless people for financial as- 
sistance in this time of their greatest need. This is not a Jewish 
movement, it is a human movement 

President Wilson, Vice President Marshall, Secretary of the 
Navy Daniels, James Cardinal Gibbons, Governor W. P. Hobby of 
Texas, the governors of many states and many of the foremost men 
of America, have joined in this appeal for humanity. The Ameri- 
can Jewish Relief Committee is endeavoring to save from starva- 
tion six million Jews who are the helpless victims of the German 
terror: Every dollar given goes to the immediate relief of these 
starving human souls. 


Jewish War Relief Committee 

G£0HVJ& ltt-1-Eil. CrtUltArJ w 


CkMi mult Gh1rea1*n Cfmmn^w 

nom. 1_ CU1IEX 

e, n, cnE.tib<uuiUOi£ 

jctiEa AbOCK 
ed ti-sitcn. 


"The American Jewish Relief Committee is endeavouring to save from 
starvation six million Jews who are the helpless victims of the German terror." 

The Galveston Daily News (TX), April 6, 1919, page 8. 

No.39, April 1919 

"Do You Know of a Single 
Gentile Charity Which Is 
Not Largely and Willingly 
Contributed to By. People 
of the Jewish Faith?" 

— George Ade 

One of America s most gifted writer* brings home 
to every Gentile a statement of facts and conditions 
that many of them have bee/i overlooking. Take 
time to read what Mr, Ade says below — 

"th my campaign it) teed the hungry m Jifo up |he itrkkfl « 
shelter the homclcis it || tat™ kn ^Tanlni. «u 4 malln o! rt»ucM? H 
iKftt live jewi will do thrir fujl tiiaic Mid tkrn oveffdhacrtDc a little. 
They are acfu^tonird lo do thing* in a big way- and arc not dis- 
mayed by ofdinarj tula, 

"Now &.ty *re up a^amsi, *n exliaofdnwy l«k: an under- 
laking, vM m pTDpoftM»% hedged in by appalling handicap*- The 
American Jr 10 »vr |t<sn 

*1 amnion ax mflUc - of ihr Ger 

man Terror . 

"Between uSe iooHniltee in Mew York On and ihr unfortu- 
nate lefugces V penned- in prisoner* thai they air in; ic* to bdpu we 
npeti s*as and devastaiec puwiiiceF. 

"It tan bedttkcandlhr wijJ dott. It will jjei moaev 
- -d lo ihr helpless victims, evn ii iri the lnnhett parte ol 
Lnropr, if it a backed and supported here al home. 

"[ have lived in several lowni, but I cannot remember the name 
of a pi ate in m h ir h Jewi we :r exempted horn cdnl nbulin j to Gcnfale 
fundi. The ca.ll of humanity lutawa no foreign language, no racial 
diiieci, :io favored accent. 

"If every citizen of Anarnca who has Wn inncwh*! directly 
[he brnefkiarv of Jewiih pjulanlhropy thould now came forward 
and help iHe American jewi*h Relief Commillee ine nrtettgjy fund* 
would be reedy tomorrow. Tk-y fhould cons* forward" 


El Pa» Ii Espeded to Cm $25.000, 00- We MUST Give That Muefc-We SHOULD Ghx MORE! 

REMEMBER! Human Live Are at Stake! Think Twice Before You Refuse! 



£-jsmF; 1 


»i, * a,] ■; >: m JUu** c tx 1 

1 - 1 

"Do You Know of a Single 
Gefttile CWtv Which k 

S..i 1 ,.,, k mdwrnri 

Contributed In By People 

d ik JewiiK F* 

"The American Jewish Relief Committee is endeavouring to save from 
starvation six million Jews who are the helpless victims of the German terror." 

El Paso Herald (TX), April 7, 1919, page 8. 

No.40, April 1919 

:' '^-qV--- ■ v 

5 AM AN TON rq liKPKE&S : TlJEEflAY MORN mC; APRIL a . m\z. 


ii ■ ' r ! 


ht Largely and WilBngly 

Contributed to By People 
of the Jewish 

1 ^*^i i ''fl-S*^ 


Ones of America^ most gifted wnievs, 
brings home to every Gentile b, statement of 
(acts and conditions that many of them have 
beeri overlooking, Take rime to read what 
Mr. Ade says below,— 

l .% wiy cwnparf^n to faed the hungry or lift up the atikkfltf ;■«: 
did tar the homdcE5 it [* [alien for "granted, 35 n nuiUvr' l bf course, lliut' ' 

\\)p jews wili do their full share und then uYgraubjcripo. o'-Hltta 'Llicy 
We accustomed- to do- things in a. big Way and fire not dinjliayfid by 

ordinary u»*tt-s- '.-' v: 

"Now tbey nm yp *g*insl an, ejttf*ordWry ln4; ■ an undntaltina. 
wjA in proportion^, hedged in by appalling handicap TJm American 
.JfiwL-sb Refcf Cprnmittpc jfr. endeavpiing: ty two from starvation" ^jx 
; liuttoa' jew* who age-tlm hplplcw vktima of (hn German Tmror. 

_" Between- the committee in t^ow York City wA the Wuirtiiitiite 
■'^^^.M-'lWnrwd-iri prisoner* that thfly Pre frying to help," Are opm 

. WH» *n4 riews^td prnyingcj, ■ 

^.■^...''■IVcari be <l^fid. -nud thn wi»«uilcfl w'M do it" I) wilt get money .. 
and food to the Iu?J^J«k& vie (in is, uvuii if in the farllit&t [juruv of Euu'ope* 
if it ih batkctl cktut! Piipuftctl liiiri; 4l li0»jw, 

■ "J hnvc \wpl in acvcml towns bejt J cJiumn: t^memh^^]iBiip'tlW : P^ 1 ^V 
ft place : in which Jew* wcra cXeHHJte*! tank ^nutribulii^ to- CWn(l|b . :•'._ 
fniwk The 'call n; humanity knows 110 iWflitin Ihhru^ litf'vnti&L ]■;:{ 
din!ect T no fiyrfiec] accent ■ ". '■ .■ . ;. : ^-r" 

"ll eveiy citizen ov AmeTttn wlu» luu tann MrtttvltQl dhbdlythe- ■ - 
beneficiary cf Jowish philanthropy should mow como forwrnd and'' help 
thsr American Jtswis!;i Relief Committee the ncce*auiy fund* wcnkl lift 
r^Eidy tcutifltraw. They *hoiiM win*! forward/"-. ■ y': \} 

%' : - 

Think ovsr what this keen observer of human nature has ©aid above—and 
be ready to do your ppurt for humanity, when the solicitors call obi you. 

Make check* payable to arid uend Hiibncriptionft to Jewish War Relief Com mill vm 

.' =;' -\;< J, E. JARRATT, Treasurer 

JUDGE J;..R, DAVI3, GanoraL Chairman GEORGE D, ARMIS17- AD, Clminimi) Pulilivily Committc 

■ '■ l J RANK M. l.EWKp aiairainii 3o|icitiu e Committee 


*-—n- 7/j/b ^fitfl /Jn^rrr^^ ^>- 


MllW' . l u ll ii . ■< 

n 1 1 1 *\ h 

,: . 

Full page advert in the San Antonio Express, Tuesday, April 8, 1919, p.15 

"The American Jewish Relief Committee is endeavouring to save from 
starvation six million Jews who are the helpless victims of the German terror." 

San Antonio Express (TX), April 8th, 1919, page 15 (full page advert). 

No.41, April 1919 


• ' ' - - •"" 

"Do You Know of a Single Gentile 
Charity Which is not Largely and 
Willingly Contributed to by People 
of the Jewish Faith?" 

Qeorgm Ad* 

One of America's most gifted writers, brings home to 
every Gentile a statement of facts and conditions that 
many of them have been overlooking* Take time to 
read what Mr. Ade says below: \ 






ORED ACCENT. . _ _ . i i l. & 


Think ovor what this keen observer ol human nature has said above— and 
be ready to do your part for humanity* when the solicitors coll on you 

Rabbi J. H. Stolz, County Chairman 

Sidney Marks* City Cfciiranii 

Nmvmrro County War Work Board 

Full page advert in The Corsicana Daily Sun, Wednesday, April 9, 1919, p.8 


The Corsicana Daily Sun (TX), April 9th, 1919, page 8. 

No.42, April 1919 

"^•ri ! " 1 

What the Non=Jews Are 
Jewish War Relief 

At Mi tfbir HmVta'rlie history of tie Jewish people has thcitcoc hccrt sb grftfct 
. as now. Six mELUcn of cur trotters und sjpIct* i*e dyJna of starvation. The anllr* 
n*ce is Ihreatened wLtK extinction. The hlriei* 5s mare than Wt CftR I*c3f frleitt. . ■ 

Jn ciic mast recent campnlgrts, tlicfcla^. lite appeal h nab wn extended to 'mm- 
ffiws. Ilic mpon-sc h (13 been magTiiriccr-;. ] n Wllmiriijion, Delaware, Mich man »a 
Pierra £. du Ponf, J*hn"R^w>k William Cdyna .nil£. John 5. TJQWfcll nor enfy 
gave generouslY,- hut labored wEJh bean ar.d soul in rhfl venk n\ arjantaatEQii smI 
soUchiititm. The r<s*ti1t was riic munificent subscription oT SL4MKK), although the 
r.inis of Wilmington was only $73 r 0C& S 

In Newark, W. J., *hg quota wassflt at $200,000, . The Sfcry t>r]'.&^ S23&.tiOQ was 
raised, it a bjIotIdils record- of non-stcwrisui co-operation . I n a ril^.I human canst. 
Uiid« the Ica-dcrshtp of the Kajior'arrn(Hi-Jp*'*h 'OanWtft*«, ec mpcised^o/ tho 
most disttngm'shed circus, and uiih the hell! oF Mayor Gh>n wha turned over to 
rhe campaign eOif-unJltea ''the entire ffls;h|j-icry of- the city" — a common enthusiasm 
tiiiighi everyone. The result was not otitv a subscription Jaf inW* the quota* bjlt A 
Splrjinal harmany among «L1 creeds which wlW endure Tot all tintt to comer 

These !w* drives., in which the entire popuhuton wiiheHt regard to creed came 



More- rcc&atly Slate sampaigris have- Lcen organized which w"ith the help nf 
non-Jews hH,7e proved rr.agnificent successes, Aa a result it t'-ieso fema'rkubk 
;1 On^scetarian drives, North Carolina has rsisfci $150,000; We *i Virginia $22^000; 
Georgia, S175.lKiD; Mississippi $lia,0Q0v sad. oilier States s-itniJarh/ generous. 


The noil-Jews l 

THjsd of Giving? Y6v Oqn** Know }¥hai Peeling 
\ TiTed'Mepftsi ■.'■■■ ■■■■: : : <- 


1-0 ihe s-,if>pcit a: Jewish V-nr Relief, &re>eprt!wii£<itive u[ aip:i:fi*-r CHCnpSijiiis fn 
PLttshurgh, F-a. u Passaic,. N.J,. Trcjitdn, N.-J., DuJyth, Mimi,, t>wl miojf- otfior 

urt CHjgc-rjy lic^lns Hie cause of Jtwi^Ji Win Tt^lSef btMwSc ihft^ 
ki' : ow hu* generously tpjie /^wa havj helped tJifl Y, M, C A\ iPie K, oT C. t «nd nil 
orh*r ^jr FundSj and i)«au«the tuffcrlie Dt'-hunan beings aoj'whero i^ Yvery- 
bndy'g busjuoss, 

How Much Will YOU Give? 
Send in YOUR Subscription NOW! 

Jewish War Relief Committee 

J. E. JAKRATT t Treasurer 
JUDGE J. R. DAViFit General Chftirman dKORGF. D. ARMISTEAD/Chdrmaii Ptiblicity Committee 

FRANK M. LEWI5^ Chftirtrian Soliciling C«nmitf» J 

K ' \ \ ■ r ^.'.^ .' 

, T 1 /;^ SPACE DffllJySQ BY ''.'■" 

Saul Wolfson Dry Goods Go. 

v. I ,ii • ,!.- '-ii i .!.■■.:-. Are Mag 
Jewish War Relief 

.. _ si .. :".vai i jir'j~> i ^ t j * Jr f .rr ?ftt 

Fki- Mucin WJll VWI Gtat 
Sen J In VKH-H s..l-t I i^i^i. NOW! 

JeWbh War R :■ I ,-l QpVHubtt* 

Saul Wolfeon 6ry Goods Co, 

San Antonio Express (Texas) 
April 9, 1919, p.12 

wnwvi'£.-i-:..- ■■ warm 

I" EUfiftHNJ 

suEhHN^ »:s 


I ■ V ' 

"At no other time in the history of the Jewish people has the need been so great 
as now. Six million of our brothers and sisters are dying of starvation. The entire 
race is threatened with extinction." 

San Antonio Express (TX), April 9, 1919, page 12. 

No.43, April 1919 


"Do You Know of a Single Gentile 
Charity Which is not Largely and 
Willingly Contributed to by People 
of the Jewish Faith?" 

George Ade 

One of America's most gifted writers, brings home to 
every Gentile a statement of facts and conditions that 
many of them have been overlooking. Take time to 
read what Mr. Ade says below: 



A mo WAY AKD- A 111- NOT dismay ice by 






nin or pnisied is r>iiTso^EKH that THJ>;r 



will po it. tt will get mos ey asp food 




i.vMi.-,v.n:. ko i.-vi u. i".'.! ■•■■I'. no FA\ 



LiAiiv of je wmii ['Kilantiiropy aitoiri J> 

S"raCGSsJ*UlY fVSlHi WOULD JiE i*eai>t to- 

Think over what this keen observer of human nature has said above— and 
be ready to do your part for humanity, when the solicitors call on you 

Rabbi J, H, Stolz, County Chairman 

Sidney Marks, Gty ttiirms 

Navarro County War Work Board 

Full page advert in The Corsicana, Semi-Weekly Light, Friday, April 11, 1919, p. 5 


The Corsicana Semi -Weekly Light (TX), April 11, 1919, page 5. 

No.44, June 1919 

mmm protest 


Mass Meeting Held at Lunv 

berg Theatre by IMica Jews. 


Wtdtty Kno^n Snikin Partieipiii 

IH Great fr»men itr*lr<m Yiner* 

4*r Aft** nun— Ht«aiu^i«nl 

AtfapUd to Ot0t Amir- 

■CIA Govar Annan t t# 

Tflka Action. 

Yokibf laair 1*43 m&nf protaat 
141 loh th'a reported v e rait ui ion of 
of Jew a In Pclarul *i;d olher fl)uu- 
trltJt th« Jena #f VI U« At % p*cfc*d 
mau metHfif In The L-jrtibart Th**« 
in >e«tttd*y ftltcfnoOD tdtipitd jciolu- 
lion a till In* for |h* Am tale* n govtm- 
Ownl to Cyrb tied prltrtM tJlfcli KN 
ie/mlon In. th* future, ^ 

Bibbl Ejtri'jfl KijTntnrf> ^wUman *f 
|fc* local Vommiltt*, I'-titdtd *1 tl« 
ttftttlnjt which ii r »i ht;d it S' J* e"e'oe&. 
and, ht taid iM him'l'dc ha J beau 
iiltad In iha_int*r*lt *t Iht people 
avho n*.va N;£ji h11Tt4 ar* lortur** in 
the toitfttrita n*( y*i i*i> ft* dtxsoe- 

■'SV* hAW tuftrl* WOf* iMn any 
othar i-»u in tba watW." 1 he iUd. "The 
Je*i duj rot fljrKl for tand. f\»r f f*»HS* 
or ffti* rcUjiJffc. \Vt haloed, the, lar.fl 
In trh-teb t*# fca(iptn*tl to live, and nd 
Oyr WC&4 fof thai land. triM we- iftitM 
h*v* iht Hint t* l'^ s #.BJ & Utile plait 
In <ht itjn,. Tola acar was far 4c- 
ir.oewei 1 , tint th* Jct* *r* being p*r- 
ucvied And or &t riff a by the unn-t 
t<:nd t( fcutoeeaty- ft*t at* ncicr 10 
•ympalnli* avlitl th* wldawa *p,| op* 
prtued of our aiaugniertd breihir* 
and to proi*M aialnn th* trueilitj 
praeliced «n o'JF people.'* 

The flnl apeak tr wat CM*f T*4bhi 
Homtn of Byrrto^w, who. Ject^.F^it 6,* 
nQ* t OO0 Jewn a#+ tfinj p#r*f^'j[tj by 
tht Ftfet. SIM 4 hi* Roui«»man^ -l^j 
oth*pi a^ont Ltkt Danubf. He rtai 
from tuwitfptn tt 4^t ihit Lheir 

oC Wir, but ta tlasa a/ P**tfr, ar;J tlitn 

"We do not mean (o bUnie Frt»ld«ctL 
Wlliflo.*' i^iij ItaUhl Rcnim, "ba know 
lhat llie I'TJiulvlii h* A'lvocjiLrJ mr 
r -A k -ilcd a V r oad . \Vh j t doM Li it arc e M 
iv* nt of us? Havt ive n*i rat aT^.i 
(f.aii«h of t*a.r« «ttd blood? Itr\vr if 4 .' 
TiJiad naliona a^toptt^L thr p-oli ^> nu-- 
^f*'l so laithfullj 1j> tKe v*£«r *f Ru;r- 

"Jf Ih* Jtar* r>'i^r no o.\r:jrt ii* 
yiaxt vtuftrtrif^. la IS not (aiU-tui^ :n* 
t-c 4H en tY.t part o( tJ ■ 
AM lea that ([f-nuany has ^ot l*Cfn con- 
qutrtd, I'fft Bv+* w* Mi*# aurftrrd 
much lev tn^ Mt*^ >^ 
TticUcki arid fi<r rxti^tdi. and oihu. 1 ? ■: 
i3«rin?n kultur ^?Tmai,y fem rot *Lcr: 
ba^un li> ba conaJtrfi], IP »u^h si no?- 
of flff* Bit la aM*w*4 to t*in. ^ 1* tu4 
fat c klJitation If *« cah appeal l>oI> t« 
i^fl vulnilbty *f ikne ti;(if, ^"hPTe ^ir 
Mir^r hi#*r[a ail J L ^ft**|-tiot> 7 We tn, 
hut fethly pi « 1**7, tJti rtfll prot**: 
comta frjnfc it* inr.o^m \uiim* xm 
ih#y ti.cti rna*adfr<4. ffflht'lhc il^f*. 
haIpO a^roiocjt.^ fl [: 4 tftintiarus 
Trom the- o!oori or* lh^ Jjm nlj--i|i U 
rn.-ula 4hj rulAt> »MN th> brofl-l tf the- 

"Tf^p ntiup:ir-f^ ^;l us tffoi I*o!nn4 
has dt^lAK^ WttT ^n> th* Jfik\ Vl> 
pfoltst iBitfliM »*t Od HOn-ec:iibHt- 

fttiH,.h aiar tri mns^h hWrt are fir*t rfia, 
nunrid at I ih<n alnturhlri'M. Thrr*' 
nililtnr or *Lir >ouc^ hi^n ffii^hj r>n 
tdft tldt Of tht pMHtJ*. Tin? .Mhr- 
ai-ouH all^tv us- to *r\ii-p * tnn»p^t 
ihii wt ni.T>- ko ovtr *wJ r*ht r^r yji 
brolhrrs «ial»*i iKe ^^at Folt*, Nn 
onr i'jit make a betttr *oE.J\ f tr-ari <t^ 
Jaw. To .tt b I'jtv-iiHr.j woijitr t=- 
<ililt« (tjijiftc-f.^ fCTiiuufc, n r . 
loty Fhcws [>tat tTi* j*Tt* hitr Ifc^--; 

Ecr inv honorahi* * r atr^Te. 

Pepram Kraai tync^np. 
"Thr Tvord T^f L 6fr, u ttk-tly' Rij^, 
»^n. li j^ n. Isnchihc en & *i-h«h.ail? 
i*n<J far m»i* fcfjiM *^a[ T . Lyu'L-liln- 
ifl ft:Ltst;t-;r luujiu^ mo-ch, >cl ti-^ 
>^l"ma or in* poKrim are atiJ hot 
t^n ^lisolul'ly lsno.HOntH lonthLArn 
n* uinrnlllM M (ht itnO*ant P hjt iTi* 
l*5roni6 dr«^ v^mniltUA Tjv lh>-^ 
hlKhra up. \r* ar+ r.*t I^W.v but 
^utUhrd. Jf w* i r t net to Iri^c ihe 
DTrfpctain c.f U*-. l*t iJ>.*jn Fay f^i 
OjHjtj. an,1 *< VLitk hnoiv T\-"r P (i V or 
Jirp Hi, Whprc 1,1 1he UlnLltn.e *if 
th" nrrr.i: r-^ ^.cntvji-it at l*t*.*\ h.n 

Tw> ircuttl K psrcnElted lo icn tlip 
I. fib*. W'htn a>r f^t iHmo» v rac/ Hiia 
»1c-*-^tf.j r*i^ J*w tJiL«tf J H hort-rullv. 
Hjt wh^t ftott ? la Jhc IrAfrclf ^f 
fBi-ar? In ti? f*<r iJrArt Man? U 
l*ta.i*:. viW?h ftflt th* flrtt to civ* li 
(hi 1 . 'agtIA a r^n^tMton, *t 3**1 U-^v lu 
If ihc la.^t 11 #nJoy I in blt«[n.*^^ 

* [t *f ffii? thAt cvr Pr**Ldtnl VVilacm 
J* unAlitt to (l E nt a m ?I« HanJtd 
osii^-s ihfi p[.t d>>U h t(iA£}' **t K t tor a. 
Tl t <s-kaiis»r tff vJarin^nv uliOvVad thr 
tt«rj hy his M.1*D^(ti10V* li!ttuu + - 
:il«eiul fieid. Hut lhr«]t:M nnL^ r . b P hn,'!i 
n^.1 by ihfiT pr*WlUtiona uf iJ#jhc. 
ini^lL jinj Jjiti-v; ni'lif-n ihrt»y pra>:t[-rc 
Ihf t«\tT*p. H> jn^^t a^peal 1o 
Ai]i*n-^. The i.c\* of ths ftTtlte are, 
:ia Hut^ea ii[J, nM fln ty a^aEnft Wil- 
f^n"? U paJnta + tc( ic^ln*: the Con- 
^rilUEioh of t^e L'nTKil Slat*^. A merit 1 
ivili know h<w i«i Ultt tfli* | j|j, 
r'r;hfJ(iTM «nd ^omtl luliflfl* 1 am dilr* 
iJtat rhc L'nitM !^C*tfr. ttjlt^ fitiiiiitA 
In kmA a. pltfh Ih^t (>* JawLgh qjca- 
itori siiJt *v* fitdfj roc all lln:n 

Ooin-liirtlnj. in ft f*K «.-pirda oT YliU 
d;Ph t R^hM Bomm ilOUinl lAn htar- 
rrs to er^at tnthutlaaoi and h& ujh 
■ &p!av4fd tg 1)1* ttho. r 

Uti«ana Dtlivtr Addmttir 

Jj^tice cr th* PpiCt WiiUflin ft, 
ncltltj*. aa the nut iptaktx OrcUrti] 
ih6 AnKricjn rttip> Jihould ^ee to jt 
that the Jtai-a gtt Jimfcce itom iht 
m^( p^ar^ran^e In Europe, Ha » 4 tf 
i ft* Folbli rri>ubltc ^anr.ot prosper vn- 
>Ji Sri untJI Iht Jew 11 civfca r^uaL 
OFfflriunliy and ptoi«rtt«n Mth lb* 
Pa>j, Th* Jetfa bav* ro-j(M rnr Tfr- 
Land und aihy alualit not PoUnd pr»* 
[art lti« J?«-#, Ha apakt at ih*. Sfjo.- 
DD4 nr ruur* JeTirSah 003 « wbo raujM 
for ihm In iht ffriat w*t tnl 
hew i:itv nou!d fflaJlly *o fnj-r.h 4 rain 
to flaht /or ttic lift and tJbartf of their 
rtci^lc [n Earo^p* 

Cltv luti** Fttit C La a.- is mM h# 
iamt l*> the mcclin^ 10 Jlatm and (o 
le*rn + und added: fr Jl !i ih^ duty o( 
pvejy man.Lc fa[!p h> Adrc la pr^" 
it it *|*aln5t iny a:l n( il»ltnce Of JD- 
Ju^tttr trt thr Jena," 

Ltiuli E. Krohn told of ppaelflt t^spj 
r*f pcrs^ciuloii. hn^^ In l^a iillq[if of 
rir.t*. Pol J d inJ h 35 man, ^cmrn * rail 
rhllrirrn n;io ircnL to rorrttrC (Oofll »?nt 
■>■ Iht It A mart ran Yirrthrrn wtn ruth- 
LfjsH murflPTrri, H* ?i',d rti p. t>egTonu, 
^H'lnrn hiiit bttn Iti'lH Jied In Ffl'n-.rl At 
tit^t, rotwl1b*lar.^1iTir ih* arnr^we^u 
of Pa^aranrihl *mi nttur foT^fl. Its 
M^raTtd. Fc"jvnd * art id rfl-.OKni?lpn At 
n nitton. foM t^f*re any fmCKr P**«Jt- 
nllion la sivtn *)ie atirti[*J r.Ve as>yr- 
anva I hrtt thri'T will be a-j rctErn-r 
t?irlFL'uLicn «f Ihe Je^a j r 1 (lien *Iit 
re m^de a VifhvL to aoratr 4tbe: vouu- 

Sp racing [n Tidiiiah, Simvtl I^iin* 
o( HnchPFttf pointed, cut ihat natiooj 
^hlch ha^a btcft unjust' u 1 ht 3t n t 
Art flnarned to dlfilru^li^n. He ntfftrt 
1li& Jewa all o\tr lb* t^-jrti <* Lnite 

And aland icjfthff undl the Ja"a will 
ba trvAted wvth Jvilltt and f^Uflrst In 
fiit civil iEcd tauctrlaa, 

C&ntor DavIiI ^ltJir.av. >^^r,t#J a 
patpfilon wMle Ihc confrFgilLOA atotd. 
B?.d R*tbi Sainu#L KJitnlaarr rbir.nd 
itfl KtdfKh or pKkjar for tia ^i^d-- 

HttoUltorra id^Ef* a l tb« ^14 1 tat 

Th§ ftnolutia/iin 

WitltfrWi 00? *H ten and bfi>lh*ra of 
tba Jawiflh ra-Ds fin lbs athar aid a of 
the s4* «trd c.lftint: lijtCO U* In Atn^f* 
IrA. ahftplnA ^t tt*ja cf p*r«t?ut>n 
wWrh U Ifvii d*.TJt<"Lue tj(fi?i hurt 
mad 4 d»rw pag#t of Mitary: naorlnE 
in, the pain *t brutal aUncVi from 
thoi* In Auihorhy— jiow itie whiif of 
Pota.ftd i^ upon the Jt*s or that 
Jund ft fllranye veftpp^titp; for durJne 
in* Earl ?.tvtn ln*niha ma if aire* kva" 
Wen Ualrto fUc« 1^ roUrd unpiTil- 
ItlitJ in htaiOTv- And 

M'harMJi. lbe»e rn.-*s*»cr*? Mv* l-f*n 
ia^USTHted and s^^l[^0T1Efrl by cfTIci.1l 
roTArnl* hy ihe prt^pnt (POUTnmfnt iff 
l k r}iit\(} r irhien fro in a-'ithcnlie r^t-oii 
nai ncfna>ly t-MPtpJ the ofKAnlul jor 
of rnooa *eninH ih* Jeva * p T^rirjcj* 
vjHts oE rolanri, itt rtitm trtt upon 
our brclncrs and tbLei* o^tr th«ie 
bkt Lrtii^a wucn p">: dlrfcity ^t:r+ 
ifd ^n tbp aUath Jn Letnfctrf* <j-a.3ki^ f 
t a rough r*-pre*fTHatii f». ^nd to the 

'£i pnd JJ r 1MV yii'.tti t»- Jfwa *nd 
«o-t>r.i1?<L 44 3 OfwT Ana l^ftsafl f.J«t' f *(V 
of J(w*, in J',rtV*, T'itlni ihi.i, fv'il 
fiviiffnnnl irsc^iH, nbff<li a rvlp'r** 
Jtft' ty*s drtkp£^^ (rem t ri E *ilntj h-nlO 
fur viae ftii^r, nip iiTRirppfl lo Hi* 

r-tl^"i J - FHii.i/O fl.ji'i m-.rif', **-<} *n I H-- 
p[n?t wit2i*n.; ai.ui.intf ^r lrjjl. A r .1 
o Mrxfiti havi wcurn -l *I*o nt I-:!*. 
Vttf..,i Kif't*. Kiluf. ^M^taw, 
Pirwrnifiit, T-irrJi^r. in f.ict m niMt ihan 
1**1 itifffrfnt i^»r*; (ii.'i 

Wji^EfjiV (Iif'E- ^ r j ri: iri?.-.i-crr ■ ?*? 
r.-r.i flnT>- F-ij»f tTt li] ulijt-iiifiii- * * •'! rl ■■ 

■ ■fl'i-il jr J.iB*l'i"--l_ I 1 1^ AV t. ;1li,r ,1^ fi'.t.- 

Jt- ^;,-{ii| an-1 f^;*:j>1 iv i^* J 3 c,::*!i 

■» f.r» Kflif Tit? rp *-iit|'y ir^m" frriln tV- 
Jind Vpoh »rj J n^ll/hnviini r. if jf 1 van 
fr"!i ih*- hftrr^.T rti^j ha*l :c^i:d ua: 

\Vnct^,T* It It inm?j'!t^l *It>i l*fl- 
V-iM's rt*jfi*rjdT af d otlfrftM^^ Hr*h tf 
i"r^' lom n:i-l *' irri-lrfiiiiiiillfrn ^hKh 
nt hAiif hf^r^l nrjCh of ■luring find - - Jt- 
ff Ih* ktr<M *-*r irt tn>"* I 1 ** n^ild 
nf» fc-f li^wi'-cTJtyi a Ti^iThn n^it 
tor.f pn«%'jE^d and no* etfktne m 
uwij htfor* lh# r**^^ t^nftrrrce and 
alcn# all ih* *of'd in thr nam* cf Ju«- 

Wlki rFfl^. 1L U (S|iprj»cil Iff ill* 1 vortd- 
tjilgft Aoi mtft^afiirwenj*. i-roadnht art* 
*d *pif it of l^-o rr*»WI*r.t *f i*!* 1 - L'ftlt'd. 
f?tat^ ftn! ha *Ui*4 rn'mi'ti nho 
row art dM'rm.Jn'n|r la lire* iftlCH- 
4iT* th* df itif .to a: an-iM naiV'A*. ll-l 
ah«\ir(rl/ it^iiilpj i"*o *ti^ nf-H 
ayrt>i'ifl^ c:J< 1'-'> ftMch t% It 
til* hcait fnc taci^a afn K-^tr ma'^ 
Frti! Mcri^-^ in th' wrrM war. ftfl'i 
ibfl J< a?^ hs* - - men It-'ir lon^ iifu^l 
th* »:*ar of tnf\'tfti in ^»*r> a.htd 
aim?: Ll.At ro^nd (b"'jM now rtkfrt 
10 and ^ilili?* r-.i:h n*ih^M cr mx- 
*t*fy up™ t" »''** " * H r '- ir J,|P * r EA 
Mia tbK lait* wli-f whun ajui«r*'V 
oala rftutd fafa. ^j-pe^r *.* l<^k to 
AAf rk4 (-"-r idcaSai o( liurtUfdly In ttil* 
dramatic U it *h*n o^r alul'ta and 
btoih/f* '1* Inland ar* a.ifTrrlnf p-r*t- 
<ui[*>*: *Titj*for* *** ir 

Rciolvtd. Tfl"ii b*' ^h'* rai'a m^itln* 
or Jew* of IP* *|Ly of '-tit*, ar* >r,Eo 
^n rfxprtMjr.j ^ur ir'^truitl-Ti at the 
maj-Mtrti v^ftjn mfni1yn*d: lint w t 
Off* rfVur Amffkin KO\ rrj-Hntat to im- 
btMlalilv Mil* ii*ps lo*JUd thp. pft* 
trntton of Thrir f*Turr*tea in tna In* 
Itifr. and ihil It UV** « J^nU* «ian4 
tit (Hi ofpMluTiltv if, I uriani hea*l 
fir iilth'a, fpr Juflt'tn 1^ rplflftd an* 
t« lh# J'af. 

Atid ot Jl futlhtr i-aaali'd thai eopU* 
a| ihii rr>o1»H4hi Ih* unaalnyui* *i* 
Htfaloai nf th* repraavnTAtin J**# Of 
[ht| fltr, K* f+nt fn *u* rt^rVPIAUllf* 
I A C«iir^a *Rd ih* rrnldtH ftf iba 
fnKtd FMtH «nd 11 ih» p-f#»j e4 1Mb 

"The first speaker was Chief Rabbi Romm of Syracuse, who declared 6,000,000 
Jews are being persecuted by the Poles, Slovaks, Roumanians and others along the 

Utica Observer (NY), June 2, 1919, page 9. 

No.45, August 1919 




Louis Karehally Bacfe From 

Abroad, Tells of Terrible 

Conditions There* 

SEEK $35,000,000 HERE 

Ctaapaigns Hust Be Held Qdckly, 3fc* 
VarsliaU Declarer as Jlfllfrns WJIi 
Ifot Sarvifo to Enjoy Its IftneQts; 
I*elajr Ke&ns Loss of Many, 

SpectaJ l& Tha Courier, 
NEJW YORK, Aug. A— *'Lat the sa/ 
to you candidly and In ail 6f il&nDity j 
that Jewiy abroad is tottering oa thcj 
tiring The Iivw. oS some &Lx million 
people a*e at stake. I say advisedly 
that never in ihe Ilia to it ol nur peo- 
ple whose tribulations have h%on no- 1 
tor Ions throughout the ages, tm there \ 
been' such a welter or misery, poverty \ 
and suffering, .Horrois ar.d both' 
physical and. spiritual tortire iliai \ 
would sound unbelievable if iv&rrared j 
are the common lot or mUti-ons of; 
Jewish people in the old word. I 

"In what is almost its. is. ?t death | 
throe. European Jewry turns i& rraa- i 
tic appeal to the three one-half f 
million Jew.s of America lo give ol i 
their plenty the small measure of aid I 
which shall stay t:io dtestmencn. j 
threatening that Ia>rge jjortioi of the( 
raes-which dwells across thi sea.'* j 
This, in *rJcf, Is ihe ur^em appeal j 
which Louis Marshall, chapman cfj 
the American Jewish Relief commit-* 
tee, who has just returned from his 
work in Fans as Jewish refiTM^nta* 
live at the peace conference, bas dis- 
patched eq A, Leo Weil, A. J, Sun* 
stein and L W. Brank or Pittsburg. 
Jacob D, Lit* Louis Gerstley an! Sam- 
uel Pels of Philadelphia, David Kauf- 
man of Harrisbuxg and oVhvr mem- 
bers ot. the Pennsylvania Stato Jewish 

Relief committee. The local men are 
engaged In tbe organisation of the 
campaign to be b^td ifctfs fall to raise 
this state's share or the SS^CKHi.OOfr 
lurid being sought for Jewjth relief 
■w{jrk abroad, 

"It ia absolutely necessary," Mr. 
Ma-rahall saj-5 P "(bat our campaigns 
be held quickly. The civil, political 
"*nd religious rfebti of the Jews in 

Eastern Europe have been well ec* 
pured and guaranteed at the peace 
table, but literally millions vnJ never 
survive the present disastrous times 
to eajoy these vast benefits unless 
America* responds with the funds 
needed to tide them over the crisis 
now upon them. 
"Anserkan Jews can tount upon 

their ma ay friends to aid ia ttiis - ll ti- ■ 
tnani-tarlan work, but :he Jews jnust 
tafco the leaci in the- herculean tas. 
Staple foods, clothing, medicines and 
other basic supplies, all of which 
are practically unobtainable in much 
of Eastern Europe, must be shipped 
in finals tides from thia side. Given 
this simple aid Cor a few months, Jew- 
ry "In Europe wiLI be able to rehabili- 
tate itself Quickly* But delay will 
prove fatal, American Jews were not 
slackers during the wan There must 
be no slackers in tbe battle Tor the 
lives of millions oC our brothers 


TO BE SAVED ... The lives of some six million people are at stake." 

The Daily Courier (Connellsvile, PA), August 4, 1919, section 2, page 1 . 

No. 46, August 1919 

Distress of Persecuted Race 
In the Old World Is Told 

by Louis Marshall of Relief 

SEW YORK, Aug. B— '*Let mc jay 
to you candidly and in all talcmiuty 
LhaL Jewry Abroad is tottering un the 
himk> The Uvea of come Ax. million 
people ere at states I say ailyLaedly 
that n-erer in the hi&tary of our people 
whose iribulfttions Lave been notorious 
throughout tha agefl* hfl& there been 
jsturh a welter of misery, poverty and 
Guffcrmg, Korior* and both phy*i«il 
afli spiritual torture that trauld aaund 
mxbeliiraLble |f narrated jire the com- 
ut&n lot of lojllibnu o!f JeuijJt pwjJe 
in tte old WorM. 

J| 7n. wlmt ia abnoEit it a kit death 
thraa* ^mcppan Jewry turns to frantic 
appal to ttt 3 3 od0 3 Qo6 Jem.-* of America 
to give of their plenty tiio small nueuit- 
me uE aid uliiwi film I] stay the h de- 
stTtifition threat ming thit Inr^ |mr- 
+ii[>Ti of tltft tftofi whith dwells acroia 

TM*, in brirf F is th& urgent EtppeJ 
whith Ixmi& Ifarsluill, duLuumq of the 
Amwifflri Jewish Reiki committer \xha 
lii!H jiisf. rshimflri fr<>Tri. h^ ivotL itl PftF- 
13 as Jevrlsh representative ah i3ic peace 
ranf entice hi* dispatcher! to i. Log 
WfrH F A* J+ Suflfitein utatL L TT + Kmnk 
oi Pittebiugh^ Jnwb D_ L^ Louis 
Gwatley and Samuel 1 Teli of rhil*del- 
phi&; David Kaufttfan of Hnrrisbur^ 
and other mmtwj of. $h& PtLfineylvaDia 
State Jewish Relief committr^ Tlio 
local men are m engagud is tie organiza- 
tion of the cn^p&ign to be Ilftld tliih fall 
to raiy thia Etate*5 fchnje ul Llus ftB> 
DOO.flOu fund being aoufiltt for Jwi&k r^ 
Jiflf T^rork utbsra&d- 

"It S& absolutely rawHsiry/ 1 Mr* M&t- 
Fh&n ^ftjSj "tPutf. our campitiipii5 bt hujij 
quickly,. The. civil, political md re- 
lL^oua i%ht& of the Jews in «aatepi 
"Eutojw bftTt been veil, secured and 
gn&rauttttl at th6L peace t&bt&j huL lit- 
erally i^illimifl vrtll never survive the 
prfthe^t disastrous times to eoitiy thi^G 
Trust benefits unless America Mounds 
with the fundu needed to tid* tJwmffFel 
tbe criefe *tow n^on. tieau 

"America Jewa can eouxtt upoD their 
many frieudi to ajd In thi£ huznELDi- 
tirian workj. bet the Jem iauat i&ke 
Tttift lead ra tliu lierculeam task. Staple 
foode^ rtotitagj jnediclsea and other 
baiic- snnplica, alt of lThich are pmc- 
'iuiiJly i:noti^iiiiiL]fe in ulluJi af eietcTE 

Europe. miuC be shipped in tjuantitie* 
from tMfs ei4t Given thLa aunpk aid 
for a fejr moTLtbSj Jewry in Europe will 
be ahfe to rchshiKfiate ftaelf quickly: 
But Jelay wifl prove fatal American 
Jews TTfins n*t e] ackers dwiho the w&it* 
Th^fft must be no slackers lit the bat- 
tle fop tbe Utw of jnillioow of om? 
bratben ab^adL M 

"Let me say to you candidly and in all solemnity that Jewry abroad is tottering on 
the brink. The lives of some six million people are at stake." 

Altoona Mirror (PA), August 6, 1919, page 17. 

Said Louis Marshall, president & founder (with Jacob Schiff) of the American Jewish Committee, 
and vice-president of the American Jewish Congress, who had written on September 26, 1918: 

"Zionism is but an incident of a far reaching plan. It is merely a convenient peg on which to 
hang a powerful weapon. " 

Louis Marshall: Champion of Liberty: Selected Papers and Addresses, Volume 2. Jewish Publication Society of America. 1957. P. 722. 

No.47, August 1919 



tSpodal to tbe Fr«g) 

iniY&ukee» Ad sua I 12. — Thorough- 
ly roamed by l!t& Jeopardy of the 
Jewish rwe in Europe, as electa 3Gd 
in authontia repotts from Je^lah re- 
lief 111 veal Efaini^ abroad, represent*' 
live Jews lit all parts of Wisconsin 
&re 5DOT1 ta Liks stepa to effect a 
stale orsanizatlon and put on & 
state-wid? drive Tor funds. tb[& f nil 
A atati committee 3s to fee formed 
and ft ^atrm&n "will be elected :n the 
near future. 

Tiiia ac:bn is betnp ta-ken by the 
'Wisconsin Jews at Lhe specific re- 
quest of Nathnii S tran e. Jacob H. 
Echifl and Prilx 1L WBrtrart of 
Few York, Julius Ho s en wed d* of Chi- 
cago, and other prominent member* 
of the American Jewish Relief Com- 
mittee which has lieadqnavUrs m 
Ke^" York, Apgesls hnve a! trendy 
teen ?etit by Mr. Straus lo a number 
ot Wis cod 5 in men, and one fll the 
American Jewish Re Wet Committee's 
staff rep res antat toes la hot: enraute 
Lere to jm&lte- final arrangements. 

Ana on ^ tbe Wisconsin men who 
are to sponsor this humanitarian un- 
dertaking &rc Nat Stone, of this ftiU, 
Gabe UHman, oE ApplEUn, 1. & 
Schwa^er, of Ashland* Ben Stone 

and Artolph Roth, of BEloit. Lout& 
Lavy. 1L M. Horn and Sol K*nn. ot 
Eau Clair & P. 3- Ha her and R, Ehur 
man, 0* Fond flu Lfte h M. Roseman 
and H. Davidson, of Cr&an Siy« Hu-r 
old Schwartz of Jane3v3Il& h Uxuia 
Plaus and E EDQteLn ol K^aosha, A 
Hir&h?™fiT p &l La Grange, S, Wril- 
Centers, S- Levi tan and A. Kn?n- 
hauser, oE Madison. B. Bal»nak>\ of 
Manft&TnKi EL Fried sle in, of Mart 
itatte. Sol King&halrer and Morris 
Block, of Oshlcosh, Dartd SistndR.tli 
of Racine, Anton Hoenigsber^ of 
Sheboygan s, Y. Joseph &nd Ttobert 
Jacobs, o? Superior, Benl&min Heiae^ 
man, cE "Wan sail, A. Jacobson. ot 
Wauliasik and oLher ta present at ltg 

men in Hired and other cttie&i 

"Mots than six m Ell I cm J«ws« Jf 
atatft? Mr. Strauss'" appeal. '"Lhe 
remnants ol our race Jeft Aliva in 
Europe are today facing starvation* 
disease and unbelievable physical 
nnd menu I suffering Such a blow 
has been dealt to Jewry abroad that 
our people are unable y*l Lo b*lp 
themselres. For yet a llttlfl time 
America in her might must assist 
them- Here is an appeal to TrfjEth 
no Jew or Gentile can. turn * deaf 

*'In I Ms perhaps the darkest hfcur 
that Jewpr over knew, tv& turn to 
the go&tf people of Wisconsin £« 
both sympathy and malarial h^lp* jr 
I>etai]^J plana twr tie ^ampalsn 
wUl be aiiEftastted shortly. Tbe 
drive :& TV^KonEia ttHI be <me of 
many jimn&r efiorts to be mifle 
ibroughftQt the Union. As Mil* an* 
kee has &)readp 4oatHtmted to tbe 
Jewtsb relief Fonda thia year* the 
present undertikiDE viU he eidii- 
Eive in itiG ^ity. 

" "More than six million Jews," states Mr. Strauss' appeal, "the remnants of our 
race left alive in Europe are today facing starvation, disease and unbelievable 
physical and mental suffering." " 

Sheboygan Press (Wl), August 12, 1919, page 5. 

No.48, September 1919 


Leaders in America Striving to 

Save Race in Europe From 



Shiran Arc t^e N>rat Prtifui SMtfer^re 

From the Ciitact/Gm That Ha* 

Ruiwsd a One* Prosperous 


>ijiui ti^r*- mre aiLSkl u-rrlHo, in'iiirtj)*, 
iiijn rmy in *'h*jrtl iWj? jiftvr futthA 
.i^u^t-ivi* sin re Hi* 1 irill <*( .tM-t]»tlem. 
Ifnrfi.v, [hi- J,-w;sli r;ne In iiiiK'h <rf 
friroiic Is ^ (lie v*W ^>r EtnvihiJu- 

Tli^ (osntrie* in *vhtrh tUv p!if;h£ of 
;hc Jews Ls rtie w*irai nif Vmitinrt, 
; *z«-r h ci^J o v akin. J ft?* *3 *tl xi Q, rtu- 

huili*,, Sorbin, <":iHie™> i h nlf^Hr>e N 
hij-ket , GreeeVaurt S<iH*rl«. in vilna, 
4 typiral t&Wfi of P*ilft[i4. i^ .¥ p-rfis-it 
pnvvlndon has Ih»*mi ^ai rtowii fry star- 
vEttJon, F3-p*ius Einfl ntlivr diseases la 
thfr 1ft Ff five }PSfs ln>m ftflpfKJO to 
4S,ttOG, Neurlj h*lf of the survivor* 
ftr? []rpi*ii{l?Tit Hf>ou relief Kitpphaa 
wnt by their rfl-nHM^flniM* Jii 
icn^rlfft. Wor&flw. KdvUkV CuuKtaMft. 
An^l m«o j orhtr ctfU-ft iJiroiif>hout 
Ontr&J and Eastern Humpfe reli tfc« 

AmenYao Je<*6. artmnt'd frj tia« rv- 
iHjrts Him first fllrerpd through after 
the KlgDlmjr of *h* nrwilstirft, 1m me- 
j i [i r il i v drgufi!*ed nnrtcr (he Atnerlcata 
Jewish ftellfrf Cammtttee, el IB IS&at 
401 h Str««L Npw Yflrfe City, lo rhv© 
thttf ftiee ftbr-oiuL They *frnt some. 20 
crxomtKLoiiCrR \o varies fpretpn coun- 
tries to iftvpstigAl* 1 tho truth £f thes# 
reports. Almost nil these rofHTalfuUoa- 
ers have now rerirniar] and tbe first- 
hand information that they )i*v» 
j>roufjb[ hsae.k Is raeri^ ainrrnJsg than the 
ei\rly unsufcytnnt tared reports Sacta 
men as -Vmhiin Straus, Henry Mor^en- 
ihau, Julius Bi^rniviilil. Ju^t> H. 

Schtff, Vm* M War&ilr^ and nteAy 
nctrpr proTinmt b T>r nf>f>mbn*rs *>f this rom- 
niit(c« nr43 noTT tend I or every effort 

atro^J suti ro^li tJif^ fpod find sfipplJes 
R*.TO.*s (ii^ ottfrtii tvIlIcIi. if st?nt yui^fe- 

ly r iv ill SSr*j tb* iJewl^ r^CC frottl 

Snd<lA^i <if thp tktJms of till thia 
tr-or tfr<? iln* rMldrcn, Tens of thou- 
pqpJe i>f r»it!fisl j-ounpsU'rs who are 
sever or *rik'lrr jr^ars offi ii^ve w-jri* So 
lottg urnierrjt^iristiwl thHt they ar* lii- 
rl* f^rtlitri 1 lU^velo^fl than nonnal in* 
f^nts of (^np yr tirfl years % 1p t^ie 
I'oliRb cities orphaned cliiMren wan^*r 
Ai^>ut i ho riir^M*. ho eyeless ftftd-uo&hie 
Ko r "'i Into ^ r < rnhnr>.-.r , ** s 'iTr-nf. are 
fllro^ffy ov<irtTftw<lc(l flnfl d^ea<3 
firiiBLtrlly upflp Aicertcaa rollef ftifi^e. 
to Iteep tbem ^li*E* 


Christian as We^ as Jewish Suf- 
ferers' Are Aided by Organiza- 
tion That Covers Sfiany Coun- 
tries in Europe and the Orient* 

Quietly, and pravt* rally T^lthO'ut 
putiiciLjofanj sort, \h£ Jvvrs uT Ara^r- 
U-n liave huilt" vp. Through the Amer- 
ican Jfwlil] Kciirf Cotturflittte aofl 
^tJi^t otTi^lal -fl^&n^L^a, I* merhine f^^r 
rtie ore^frlAEttlon a/itf <?i^trfbw(roi» (#f 
tolltf *o war fturTorttrs of ii*eJr otvlj 
«jh1 o^pt i-drrs that Is new prarij- 
th*1t worltlwld*?, I%c fcrn*lQiiartt*r» <»f 
the r»niNil!(ffe flfw *it ]- r p fo^t -iO^ti 
STTeed Xtf^v "iork. K»pftndiiurc$ ftir 

£i!,(KK*.(Xtft ft mcjtilli, ancl hy meaOS f»f 
^toU'-hy-stntv c&M'I'Htsti^ te h* lifrlil 
shis full ft tcilftl *if $3&XKM>^04 1^ le 
he Miupht \o tinnsKe Uj<! work Uirouflfj 
the* reining iconiM 

An ^oiini^T-^tidrt <?f 0»e ceoiilri^Fi in 
wliicti relief efforts &re beifiE in^r]?* 
is ItKjIeAilve ej[ tbe scope «f the ivflrk. 
K^prefi* b nriitivc^ flf thMmt JewtKii a^'fii 
rf'Jes :±r*> f^ ht firjuud Jn I^LaqiI. C^s«c4io- 
^leVttkii| x .ln^oiitttvty, Oaliciftn S^r^lfl, 
Kiini-ir.-ld, aiul oilier Ifciifcan stoics. 
(ir<>ecfi r Tiirtey. PaJesttnt uiwl HiE^riji. 
Small pfoupp i>f refugees, cast up hy 

tN t>at h hwash rtf war, are beln^ as^ 
risiert in Iiell*ind. Japnn, Chins ftrjcJ 
ot^GT ii*u]at«i1 ^>art* of trie gloha. 

Al! tf>td b many tnilli^r. ChrjsLinn.^ 
ttud m<?r^ than ^Wn,0<K> Jewp *n conn- 
irles fiUier ill Jin Oift VnSi^rt Slates m-M 
beltm directly Aided f>T Atacrtcjin Jt^iv- 
tsh retted Fun As. The major portitm 
of (Ink hymarn^ rlii^ wy. F i! 1^ of course 
carwfi oti in I5Ji^l^rti Burope. It la 
th<^ro thict t1j« by Ik of the worJd'e J^iv- 
lsh pr^piilution: iive^" T^e fact |js*.r 
Thesii" *itrve oatl^r>fl Iia^e oeen perliups 
Jjar^Je^t hit by tli* !nt* iv^r, e^yULris 
World Jewry la at the firvulttK 
crl^La tti It s history. 

Hut though the J^^vs of AnperKvi 
Is five a$\ oiit if i fcrtvr thHr race fn>m 
de^ttMeitau^ lliey ure n«t foh^e'Ulcip 
t<tn( Ih^ir f>ivn pKi!»le ore not th* onl^ 
etiJt^ryrs in tlN*&i* l»m!s. Tb*? il^niti- 
v axsee of tin* vrliuifr EiuOerta^Eii^' oevojin'S 
^|)]^rpnt wh^ifi li Is. UTtowti Unit ih^ 
i-ellof Hii[jf^k? Ahtrh hfl\<v |i^^i] ^nir- 
rli^^pj and ^hi|i|tcd hirfitly «iUi Jew- 
lisb Tuirfs are ^iMrilniteJ vviihout dv*;- 
tr'itnZittttion to ^l]ris{ijnt5 rt^ w*;l| us 
Jaws. Barrio it* of rhec mid cr**c + fJ 
have ^jocii DulHii^r^d in the flflGd tir^e 
of sHfTerfngf tltrc^u^naut nntcli of tli^ 
fiarflj h .ind the v^orts of American 

Iv-vzfy (o s*Sd In tde E rc ^t crlgis of 

fld^?f fteve t>ecoiae aa l>roaO ^ humec< 
IT ItMtt', 

"WORLD JEWRY AT GREATEST CRISIS Leaders in America Striving to Save Race in 
Europe From Destruction. ... All told, many million Christians and more 
than 6,000,000 Jews in countries other than the United States are being directly 
aided by American Jewish relief funds." 

The Fulton Patriot (NY), September 3, 1919, page 4. 

This exact article also appeared in the: The Livingstone Democrat (NY), September 3, 1919, page 2, and The Long 
Islander (NY), September 5, 1919, page 10. 

No.49, September 1919 


Commission to Visit Europe and 

Prepare a Memorandum for 

President Wilson, 


Mas* Meeting Hears That 127,001 
Jews Have Been Killed an 
$.000,000 Are in Peril. 


The Federation of "Ukrainian Jews in 
America, an organ Ration ^aJd to repre- 
sent three-quarters of a million Ukrain- 
ians in this country, decided at a 
convention yesterday tnat the massacre 
of their brethren in Eastern Europe 
imwt finally be stopped, ami, to brine 
*bout this peace, thy aM of the Cmted 
States Government will be uuiizeu* ««"- 
rotary of stute Lansing It Tva» asserted, 
has alreaoy Clvefl the consent of the 
State Department for Uie federal on to 
send a commission to tjkrulnla to m- 
ve*tlff*tc the conditions ot the Jews 
there, and to establish direct connect- 
ion between them and their relatives in 

" The convention was held at the Broad- 
way Central Hotel, at Broadway ami 
Third Street, and was attended by moi e 
ilian »i!0 persons. representing JW> 
branches Of tne organization in this 
country and Canada, Joseph Serf, tne 
president, was Chairman, Addresses 
were delivered by the Kev. M. Kanevr- 
aky Hiihbi X- aiasliansky, Jitcob Aoier, 
Herman Einstein, Ur. H&muel Bucher* 
ft&bbi Meier Berlin, Mordent Dan us. 
the Executive Secretary of the society, 
and others. 

Tales of massacres in which 12i.0P0 
jews had either been killed or woundeO 
during the last six months were told 
by the speak er& h stnd all of ihcm p speak- 
ing in English, Yiddish. Polish, or IJus- 
fil&n, pointed out the disgrace of these 
uotromfi upon twentieth century clvili- 

The matter of relief was taken up, j 
piul it was decided that the Federation 
of Ukrainian Jtva request this Govern- 
ment to lift the blockade so that food 
and funds may kf. sent to their desti- 
tute relatives in iittstern Europe- The 
Free J dent reported that there were 3,- 
000.000 Jews in Ukr-ulnla. and a like num- 
ber in Poland, all of whom were In need 
ot zissietunee from America. 

Before Ukralnia should be recognised 
by America or any of the other a Hie*, 
U was said that *he should first desist 
Irorn her persecutions of Innocent Jews. 
Until the commission which 3s to be ap- 
pointed shall have reported that in is 
-Jews are actually receiving enunl ri^nis. 
friendly relations should not be made H 
It w*lk urged. 

The commission, which will prctwubly 
eonalst of leu of the leading t-krallilunfi 
in American Is to work out a memoran- 
dum of llie conditions in Ka^tern Ku- 
rvptr, which will be s^iit to President 
Wilson, Secretary Lansing and to sill 
Senators and Conffi'fis^mrn. 

An Information bureau will also !^ 
established by the organization to taKc 
t-are of the reports o£ the commission- 
ers en the other side. And to .send Hie 
facts in 1Kb press of this country. Tnv 
Federation also aim* to act as the Hsiic 
ioinlns t3ie Ukrtiinhin* in this eouiiiry 
with their relatives and friends in their 
native lund, , ., 

Demon stra ti on m ass -m^e tl n k* <= Ini ] I a r 
icy the one which took place at Madison 
Square Garden some time J en will b<* 
held in ever-v Imparl ant eity fn sh-.- 
TTnlted States, as the bejrinrilns of a 
protest movement to put an end to the 
uoGrorns across the sea.s 

When tht question of nppoimmj; r. 
commission was proposed Reuben Pi nil. 
the representative of the society Jtt 
"Wa^hln^on* s^id that he had seen Sec- 
retary Lansing burins the u'eek and 
that ha received Mr. J-ansin^"* consent 
that the delegation be sent over. 

" s We come out nun- before thu world 
with the dfi ter mined slogan. ' Tho^ 
poeroms must stop/ " said the PjjW* 
dent In his annual mfissufi*. Tt ta 

only a Question of holding ihese lacin 
continually before th<* dvlllxed world: 
we mUBi not permit the worhl to shini- 
ng r. 

tKl.000 souls in Ultrslnia and in t % o- 

LiTd have recelvfid notice through kg- 

ton and by tv cirri Ihjjt fcbei :om^ 

be «t>mpfetr'l>" ejttenninn r^d— thJs fact 

idfl tyefbre tli# whole world jik 

it issue of the present day 

Published: September 8 : 1919 
Copyright £> The Mew York Times 

"Mass Meeting Hears That 127,000 Jews Have Been Killed and 6,000,000 Are in 
Peril. ... 6,000,000 souls in Ukrainia (sic) and in Poland have received notice 
through action and by word that they are going to be completely exterminated - 
this fact stands before the whole world as the paramount issue of the present 

New York Times, September 8, 1919, page 6. 

No.50, September 1919 

jfc MiMI —I 


Add Up Your Troubles! 

Strike a Balance and 
Compare It With This— 

While the 3 ,500,000 American jews were 
loyally fighting and laboring to help "make 
the World safe for Democracy," the Jews 
dt Eastern Europe* where lives the bulk 
of the worlds Jewiah population, were 
being ground out of existence by the ebb 
and flow of contending armies. 

Today 6 , W Jem Are Facing the Darkest 

Days Ever Known m the Lang 

History of the Race 

Fan>ili«areKAttcred---brokcfi- A hundred thou- 
sand children are orphaned. Poverty it the com- 
mon tot Whole cities have not known a square 
meal in five years. Disease stalks on every hand, 
The death rate mount* to double— triple*— quadru- 
ple 1 — that ever before known in a dvilkfid ^country* 

America Is the Only Hope 

In this, the greatest aim thai J*wry has ever known 
in centuries of Buffering and persecution, tjie Jew 
of America turn to their leflow citizens of $dl race* 
and creed* (or that material and immediate aid 
which alone can save the survivor* of the race in 
jLurojpc rfom destruction. 

$35,000,000 NEEDED! 

This sum represents the amount sought from the country at large. Every cent of it vd]] go to 
buy food, clothing, medicines and other necessities of Kfe for the destitute, starving and utterly 
stricken men, women and children across the sea. It Is veritable ransom money, for without 
it millions will surely die . 


Jefferson County Headquarters, 522 Light & Power Bid p. 

"Life for Thm in thm Shadow of Death" 


hph c- ft ^VTCPSWi 
hpn. 1 n. msEN 

C. 5 Sfl.vraifAM, 'iiw^Hii 

f\ I. KT" ~ 

i F *r~~ 
Dtel ft. I 

P. w. ._. 

I E-Hn 


TV. II ^Irm 

..r *■ 
J. t-*- 

IT- "r, -ii -1 ... .. 

This Space Contributed by 
The Jefferson County National Bank The City National Bank 

The Jefiei'son County Savings Bank The Wateffown National Bank 

"Today 6,000,000 Jews Are Facing the Darkest Days Ever Known in the Long 
History of the Race." 

Watertown Daily Times (NY), September 14, 1919 (this was a full page advert). 

No.51, September 1919 



WiffUad AUen County Forces 
*■' in Work of Saving Lives 
of Starving Jews, 


. To Fort Wayne has cam* onca 
more the cry of tiLstre^ from Europe 
'iintf hru mediately the appeal hae 
been heard. Albert E. Thomas who 
ban sivQix of hi *■ talents antf energy 
of all nf the war 

to th* BUCCtffiH 

drives when the heat ^f battle ^u 

an incentive 10 u]i:tt(] wurh, h'&s ao- 

AJhcrt E. TliOmft** Ciuiiptil^n Chair - 


■ceuted -the ;i*i_£er£hlp of th* Allen, 
county cWfai^ft ior this worthy 
cause at a time "when pbepta are fly- 
ing, *'^hy £ cajnpaJ^n, no^v that thk 

war ieirovejf.?" 

VBut'Mf- Tholnas to. not asking th* 
:q_ue!ttloTi; neither" *tre my of the oth- 
er people. v?lio have" listened to ih# 
story- of auiletirLff ami tfaath which 
Jiels come frotn FoleocU miiunta, Gat- 
'jwia, PattiatJjiH:. Turkey and Siberia. 
wIhjh i\k million Jews *.re fl^1n^;pf 
starvation and where vast numbers 
at- them — innocent victims . oH the 
jttTsi^ei?-. .et wav—rwandar homeless, 
..and In rags, Evea with the 'most 
prompt action on the ,- part, of . the 
|>ao|>]« of" America, It is declared' by. 
Herbert Hon y err, that one million pto* 
pie -vi-lll die in eastern Europe th^ 
winter. an3 that the destitution of 
Jewish war sufterets cJurJng the com- 
Insr- months will prohahly aurpftss 
anything jev&r known la the history 

Hennun I a o]lEik. Vice Gh&iflW&n- 
'Henitfui K, Pollak, of the F^Uak 
Waist company, has accepted the vicft 
chairmanship of Iho canipa^ti ■ ,for j 
Fart TVayn* and A Hon county, And he. 
TvJlli ChMrmiul Thome*, Till aria^E* 
■Eur l ha a+i |>u J titm an £ nf all eoflinilt- 
te*« F as well ae to arrange ipi thti 
'detail Off the actual campaign: 
\ Rabbi ' A. 1 - T^ ' Welnstftlti, ' in -c* b aulta.- 
tlon ^ithinany metxibers of {h^'fcun- 
ifrt^ia™ of AchduEh Yeaholom sytva- 
pctfiiCi report* the deepest Interest In 
the romlrfi -ampaigrL, an^J Bt&tes Ui&t 
if the," propta can only rfcallze the eon* 
tfttiohs.of -eastern Europe* There the 
suffering of the Jews In worse than 
taAK^whtre tfc* lingering torture of 
starvation, the piteous tiaeed/ of 
emanation, the hotrlbla waiting Jo 
agony" of hUhft** 1 *t>r the erlm reaper 
to. &nfl thair misery — the eutp&urine 
p£"in*jfcfiy : ^VJll he niost ^*:ioroii9 in- 
djptdi . ^ix ;milllon tf&spilrJns souls 
i tir<t totally dependent upon American 
tfe^rosity fDr^lhe bare necessities -of 

I Ufe- 

. Tha ^IdtiP of the Fort TVayna «un- 
paijTih havs not yet been arranged in 
detail,. btit--Jt-l3 probahle th&l tiw 
actual .work" of flollcltatton will Ijfttftn 
*tt MofldJ^yp October t. Throughout 
tHfl Wate-nT Infliaiii the drive onetifl 
one iweek ■■earlier thin thK but be- 
cause of "the -duDUwLtifrft of thfi toM 
,of th#.Fort ' Wayn* peace centennial 
celehrat Eo n, e^poaitlon. RndL Hty Is aho w 
for that wealc, tne leaders In the cam-; 
paienTDhos.BthG later date as the tlma 
tor th* ffott W^yne ca*npaign + 

"The quota- for th« stWe hcj£ Indiana 
bad been placed at f BtiQ,Mft. but, ac- 
cbrdlne to the slate catnpsJ^n teacl- 
auarters. an earnest endeavor to T^iBfl 
cme million dollars will ^ ma,a^ 

"... the story of suffering and death which has come from Poland, Lithuania, 
Galacia, Palestine, Turkey and Siberia, where six million Jews are dying of 
starvation, and where vast number of them-innocent victims of the ravages of 
war-wander homeless, and in rags. ... Six million despairing souls are totally 
dependent upon American generosity for the bare necessities of life." 

The Fort Wayne News and Sentinel (IN), September 17, 1919, section 2, page 1 . 

No.52, September 1919 



Millions Are Dying in Eastern 
Europe, and Call for Life- 
Saving is Heard 


Annomu-tth^jit was m-Aft* y&i/t?'* 
thty af th* tuijrPV opening of a earn- 
jklIjjh in £ n ort Waj-no and ALten 
Cfltri-Et-j: fui- the purple of securing 
u 3urp^ i>JPi for ilte iaviaijj? of the 
Mt-ps rtf ijerisTilnB' Jews hi. the wist- 
ptii pur lion or tairopi^ 

Albert E, Thornus. r-.'ho -i;uj been 
ft 3ea£in? ta titer in the jucoesa of 
many of the war d fires, has *U'- 
rept^a Lh_r JMi^U'iiFidn^Tp of the cani- 
paifn, uitk Henvtan jj, PuUak ae 
Vic-;? cluLtiman. A ciitniifcL* Trorkme 
fii'^Liwsqifc'irirt will soun be ai mutinied 
ft the drivt flrhiuii urii- ojHin h*re. 
i*i) i'iw) 5lh or Mi o' October. 

"Tills is a. ruLLitin-ividc* ^nmpa_i£rn 
lii response. io tit'b tftartlhiff U4wg» 
reircM^d by ereryon* who taa* come 
l>l£k to "tell the story T thai undflr ths 
cm>at rai"fts, L fl.b5& circuiVL*tunc<?# fully 
ol]^ million ptv|jla will <tt*v this win- 
ter of sitLfTiitlun in Po3ahtf. [Jtliu- 
fl.niia r Gkiutli. I'aleEviiir, TiirUo^Hiai 
Silj*±rla- Hfirusi-r HofcYflr,. intently 
returned, ^.tritiei this d?im. "and 
&Lafces Lhux 5!x minimi wnr 5Ltft>Pcw 
art ubs^lntely 4e£liLiU« i"n thtfy* 

At a meeting of Hit* aiembei^ oC 
ihe A.v Lid l j tli Ycsshulani snmffiigucr. 
ih& condition fcwe revived ami 
every person ..pj^ent pledged: his 
tariTust Fupport of tli* q^mpaisn 
Tvhitsb wtll bc^ln (Urectly after thf- 
c|om of the wonting li!p1*!i ration of 
l r nrt WAyt]i5"!j |Mjxl^^ contennEa-U 

RaUhi A- 1^ TVelnytetn it? onti of 
tH^ uitiat etvtliusiitfiifc iwutete iu Hie 
taippuj^js. uml hu uJrtaflj in pruiNir- 
:ns to rofl]iond Lo thn call for helji hi 
tiiE apealsiNCf camiatai in mlitr 
chlea than Port Waynfe. 

It it liop£d tliat the campaign in 
Indiana ivill rgsuE; iu tho senurln^ 
of a fund of not less* than M.OM,- 
flO&. A31*irt Cuunti"'* flllOta La» not 
Veen announced : In tact + it ifi prob- 
nhli* it mt 31 y jAfitHl& quoiit will be 
i J ^ed + LLiihoush 5r ts i)r^l>aLpip Ln^t a 
wiirtLi^iudi i.^r ^50.l>^y *HU h^ th^ ^ual 
ui tli& wuTiii*rM ivI-O la-ill jrO L'orwji rcl 
und^i" i]if? itoiLipi^hip tif W m r. T|^oni3t3 

4ind 1Lt p FolJah. Ha^ siit* slogan is 
"Siiva tstir \lllJion/' As chat ie tltft 
appro* I ma -_a number of pflL-^onH nvw 
in immLEi^Eit dita^ir of ptrialiitl:^ 
tho national fluotit la tnaccd at tfi*> 

Prudent Urt(« Hdp. 
Pi^SitW'L SV^*ft=i «i -i Terceni le: tier 
^n Jnuob ft* Jtichi^r, siiys: "T"rom 
rtta'aTinfln ts? ^"bich i bavo previously 
mad*?, you know liiiw eiucer^ bij: 
bellef is rbii c^e Acnpjl^an ptibll?, 
Lrre*ptcilvc *f m-t or ci^eti, fiii&uid 
respond liberal! y \o the call for help 

■ •"" FOHT ffATJfE WVfWAl.-[fA££TTE. W; 



BMiuiDiin i i . . 

fr*m etciti'ki'n Europe, aiii3 I f*el 
tonTlflsin, thru thii Tnjeds of tiie Jftii"^ 
le 1 1 p^^pic [Li the TViir =&nt.-a wstT 
find a ready rosponst' frcni thejr cfl-* 
rc-HsriocitaLj Sn. Llil* eounir3 T i'' 1 

Vicfl P-L-csJdent Marshall $*$*' 
■'IJ'e have mad? LliEfc light ui ouiLf. 
not Mil j" thilt ill! ihc- iradUiioa^ oC 
the. republic may t>t pi^strvcLi. bat 
thtLt T,rc* uwiy IesiA Li htlpiitG: hjincl 
Tfn rvevy auft"vriaR + ■ ^iBrhine: son of 
iJtid th* wtiilit jiiDuW. Anfionj; 
th^m, iuai* 1'iHTC suffered longer, riOJ r 
iipjK\i]tG io ii£ pi^tattc. ttiaa tbe 
ijersecuied .rett F . I^oved by voiir 
ivorks, your uroto^ta-tloii? &( bmth- 
^rhood :tre not m*re Hp sei l VLCe/ h 

The people of Fort Wayne sirtO -M- 

len pcMJiiiy :Lsrt ^Klt^rl la r&lLetl deep- 
ly on ib£ MCwd of tlit ii^ur— ^j re- 
m«mLrtr rhat altho[jen. the fc'ar i* 
over p tho«34i.Mds u^un UiuiUKii^lt; oj! 
people v r LII periah. of starvation Eittit 
eKpMare uiitfrjs Imiti^ttiaEe aW 
CCitn&s fioai America ^verj - flfliiar 
su^pcrib'jfl ffyes to iho Ti.-i?rk of HC^ 
^aviti^. The JiLimty lo pay foe the 
t r ani Filial h:uj ulr^aity bo«n piovtdfriT. 

:> ■ -i :iru 


m : ur r ma i xi^ 

Ql IMIMlf. BMH " 

■teb ' 

'l ■ w? 

M ■■ 1 .K"AJ AMI 
■...-... ■ 

1 Till 


t^HH '.;■;-. ■gW.' ' 

■=*: " i 

''--- :: - ""■ 



•V-'.. 1 



six million war sufferers are absolutely destitute ... The state slogan is "Save Six 
Million." " 

Fort Wayne Journal Gazette (IN), September 18, 1919, page 2. 

No.53, September 1919 


The call for help comes from starving, 
disease-stricken Jews abroad — millions 
of them, helpless innocent victims of 
the war :::::::: 

Remember These Thoughts 

Six millions are starving 
Your contribution will save a life 
It's up to you 
Christianity to the rescue 
"Rescue the perishing" 
America alone can save 
We dare not fail them 
Adams county has a heart of gold 
Men and women of every creed, join 
hands for humanity 

The drive in Adams county starts Monday morning 

Our Quota is $6,000 

It is better to give than to receive and by giving 

now means the saving of the lives of helpless, 

starving, suffering babies and children 



s i 

Rememher These Thoughts 

Six itiillmnri he starving 

<iri!'K>..n will save a lift 
Ift up '• 


Men j:: I 

The tint a Aianu rauifff dirts ttd 

Our Quota is $6,00fl 

uuue count mm hub mmm 

• !„1IU7 

"The call for help comes from starving, disease-stricken Jews abroad 
millions are starving" 


Decatur Daily Democrat (IN), September 27, 1919, page 4. 

No.54, September 1919 



By Meredith NichoE&on 

So long as there Is misery and heartache tn the world the world ia 
not right. Tlie thought that as I walk the streets of this prosperous 
and h&ppj- town there are G,C00,QO& people in other lauds without iood. 
sucker or raiment is di3turbin£_ i do not like it. The Tact that these 
people are a long way jrtm my home does J^ot Ughten my respen* abil- 
ity for their plight, for the exeat wax has ao fcnjt mankind together 
that whenever a man, woman or dtild of any race is hungry or home- 
tees or the victim of cruelty, there, Indeed, Is my neighbor. 

Of all the passions of men that which manifests itself In race 
hatred is the most despicable*. The baalne^ of civilization is incom- 
plete 60 Jonp as on> matt 'anywhere hates another bec&tise of hte foitit 
bJg blood or his color. When 1 read, aa I have read all my Hie, of the 
persecution and slaughter of the Jews 1 am not proud of m^ owa ra*£ 
or of tny religion. 

The most beautiful story in the world is Hi* story of Josftph- Gild 
his brethren, J vt r I&li that exvry child wuo knows and loves that story 
might contribute to the fund of the Jewish relief committee. The 
lessees of tolerance, forgiveness, mercy and helpfulness are summed 
there with Incomparable arL Let ue ponder a little, 

What we should do wilb this ap-peal from the land of famine is to 
gi^e generously oi com ''and put every Brian's money lit his sack's 
month." ^An£ put my cup." said Joseph, "the allTer cup. In the sack's 
mouth of the youngest and his corn money;" 

That was Joseph's idea — to add to the vaiue of hie gift by putting 
his m heart into IL 

This appeal is not. to Jews or Christians, but to humanity. Tt 
should he a high privilege for those of ua who haw so Jong on Joyed 
the hearty co-operation of our Jewish fellow-citizens in every sood 
cause to prove to them now our nelgfifcorlineas and our appreciation 
of their generosity. 

The public spirit, patriot ism and liberality of th* Jewish people of 
Indiana need no advertisement. They hatfe rarely asked oar aid In 
their benevolences, but always they have heaped with our& A3] th* 
more readily we should respond to this cry for help whteh they titter; 
not in the neme of their own peopla, but for all who dwell In tba tan da 
or f+nuieie and desolation. 

Si* million people perishing! Thertfa not much joy In that for 
you and me. 

Let the *&.t^5 he filled, and Joseph's cup, tho silver cup of Jove 
and brntherMness and gcod will, be thrust into the top of every ^one. 

"... there are 6,000,000 people in other lands without food ... When I read, as I 
have all my life, of the persecution and slaughter of the Jews I am not proud of 
my own race or of my religion. ... Six million people perishing!" 

Rushville Daily Republican (IN), September 29, 1919, page 4. 

This exact article also appeared in: 

Tipton Tribune (IN), September 29, 1919, page 2. 

Fort Wayne Journal Gazette (IN), October 1, 1919, page 4. 

The Washington Democrat (IN), October 2, 1919, page 1. 

No.55, October 1919 

Today L5 Tom Klpour, the great Jewisn ^^y o£ 
Atonement* It will b* faith tally eel eft rated In a: I the 
Jewish synaffoeues h Institutions and homes in America,. 
To Its* sane tity aa the most important of the fast days, 
th^r& ta lidded a double steniflcahee for ttve calendar 
has crouch t Tom Kip pur on the Jewish San bath, male- 
ins it ^ doubly sacTod day, and Lt Is perhaps the mast 
tragic Day or Atonement in the history of ancient Jew- 
ry, From thctrJbome Iri Palestine, from tha shores of 
the Baltic and tlis Brack sons, from Polaart and the 
ireaen wastes' ot Siberia— from every foreign land into 
which jowteh rolkf workers have penetrated, tho sad 
ls*ew ^car mc^sa^o ^at comes to this country is ever 
the same — l, J3 mo peart jewry Is perishing-" 

America Is tha only land in whJch the new month 
Of Ttehri h the Hebraic January, brings any joy to the 
JewHh population. Tho year of GfiSO. reckoning irom 
the Day of Abraham on tho Jewish calendar, dawn eel 
on September £5, tha Feast Dw;of Ho&h Hashonith. It 
was not a feast tiny for some six million starving: Jews 
of Europe because every day £or the past tour years h^-s 
beta a fast ciny for most of them A So tody's Xom Kip r 

pur last will bo all too easy for theae millions to ob- 

Th« Jews In tho war-radjced countries abroad have 
suffered mora t^an any other people, ana they are dj-'lns 
by thousand of st^rvalldn and dlscaso. The Tom Kfn- 
pur fast, during 1 Lhe twanty-rbtii- hoars when no ^ood 
Jew wilt allow rood to pass hts Up$> will beetle more 
than a continuation of the flvo year last thit has been 
tho.lot p.* tiio- C.aoo.OflQ J&vra in ;£ur&pfl. Srp3une4 

children £Liid wkiows ar<a continually be Ins turned away 
from p trie overcrowded charitable Institutions ana toed 
etottons to die In Xt& streets of Poland and nearby 
countries. ^Cho only nope that the. great mass nf Jewry 
will survive the coming 1 winter depends upon America. 
The fortnight between Rosh tfaahonah and Yom 
Xippur la Ob&errotf as a period pf repentance, during 
which, *the Divine Jud^re we^hs/thft earthly deeds 
otfainat each 'individual before entering nla Srtal" fate in 
the boot: of judgment* This year it is a period ol d*&p 
! sorrow as wotJ for many American Jews, The records 
Of Jewish 1 relief ag*nele£ in Nexv Yorlc atiow that sev- 
eral hundred thousands hav& tried, without avail to 
trace their dear ones abroad who ha,ve been ^allowed 
up in the chaos ot war when communicable na were 
broken.. These people are at a loss whether to hope 
tJiat their loved ones are dead or that it ia their fata 
to faco a new year of. terrible suffering and sorrow/ 
Another sad pho&a 0* chis y ear's Tom Nippur will be 
the memorial service |on the dead* when almost every 
Jewish family in the stricken country together with 
many In -America, will mourn the loss of one or more 
oi their members. ■ 

In view of the terrible situation abroad, J*ws 
throughout the country have oreramzed campaigns and 
drives to raise a total of 5 a 0,000,000 in the United States 
under tdie direction of- the American Jewish" Relief com- 
mitteo/the Central Relief committee, and the Jewish 
Feoplee" JieHeC cocriraittee which are appropriately 
qiilminatiria- in lriany states T*dth tha beg-lnnine of the 
Jewish New Tear, 

"... the Feast Day of Rosh Hashonah. It was not a feast day for some six 
million starving Jews of Europe because every day for the past four years has been 
a fast day for them. ... the five year fast that has been the lot of 
the 6,000,000 Jews in Europe." 

Janesville Daily Gazette (Wl), October 4, 1919, page 4. 

This exact article also appeared in: 

Sheboygan Press (Wl), October 4, 1919, page 2. 
Bakersfield Morning Echo (CA), October 4, 1919, page 3. 

No.56, October 1919 

About the Campaign Which Opens To-day 

Hcre/a Jyat n few of tits tftaTiy 
haarty eadoraearsftitts or th* wurtipalsrrt 
for the neileC oi millions of starving: 
PGflple In eastern Ktaropp, Tv-hten Ls be- 

j;i^T cur.iiUOU'd hy. Thfc American Jfw- 
3?h rRllcf raaurJltte iill thin ,w r t. t^n L 
lihi'a Coma lir the. head-quai-ieis in th* 
court house: 

D. F. AVaterfieid— 'In ail th* tarn* 
itaJszti In ^'hlch it fcaa been myjrrltf]- 
]($?& to pr-L-nKjirN-Ue, the one Eiailfynijj 
iblnf to m* lias V«n £h* reaptna* to 
curia Irani nl! clasaea and dejsoittLiia.- 
tfenn or titc- people ot Jiroct. Wayn*t. 

"My cba?rvp.tEnn in en£h uod aveTT 
instance has T&een that the Jevlsh 
uop-jL-vtlou have not otily always con*- 
irihutwl But hav« dona^ ro fcJiecrluUy, 
Tew pBD^e rea-Hae that trftite our Jew- 
ish friend* ^-ere contriKSutincr lib trills 
to . erery laid lor wbkn 
was- ma(Ja, th**3r wera k at th& inn 1 * 
tim*. <Io;nt niuich Tor Thai' f^end* and 
reJaliiFts in ttit war stricken country 

"With six million of tlieir population 
hi :s\j»olT3td want* lIiev «ra uranblfe alu-tt* 
10 render auftH&ie.m aid Lt> relieve thoir 
dtatr«£_ Thuy nmv t I think. L-ftluetau tly 
ea.ll ujion iHl> 4»^opL« vt JLaLtrl&a &a m 
T*"hplc to afi Jq sLvlitg- ttie ILiftb &t 
thetr aoualryra^h t It will certa&aly bb 
a Ersai- pleasure tc- every Amerieah. 
cltbfrn to haifl suc;^ ulliL jus Ji^ mar dg 
able in rjyplyinc: t^irc:? dtarviiiff mD- 
Dcnf> .TL'itti sutftfefant ffjnfl and tfouiing 
(o prevent their w.c*r e*tenriEnatIon_ H - 

Sam Wolf-^'lhe reaJ n.H-hti.ny Lfi OVex, 
but tae ci-usl I'tAiilth of the war art 
only botortilnt- ^urgencEy A;; parent. N&t 
until ft. part ; of the «trible aufteriufc. 
the war hns caused the peoples ot 

eastern i.ufojv^ j* tftlKvi'ed will tJt* 
W ft r l*fc f rver. 

H "Et j erroiae wiio can clo io' ebpuld 
ffive to rtrtt r^tii* to TitJF ^**J *rd 
clothe iLio fxmlPhftd little on«* t t t& re- 

■lels^^t JiIihi |i«4lll^ who mtiut navs im- 

Vi\ ilil*i F„ Porter — * h -H.any iiiii^ 
tlatlj , :tli*.r* rtturt t^ sny niirnl th«t Jior- 
rihl* picture at huadrcdg ujwn liiio- 
dredg ^ haaffO- and Jivintlees women 
incl clillif^n ia Europe, ami ivhen sur- 
rflliFlini lj) _ flUF n^Ei'cru-jr- ;ir:iart' &r 
Uttlfi ClElOfl wtth tntfr gTni;[nE; fac^5 B "W*lf 
i-lothsd boriiea and Trell. filled st^nia^h?^ 
■iho [>Jclurt Ue^ofn«i p^ntalJi" >ia1n ana 

poijrruiiit^ and theji lh.v jtt1e-£ Fa aafliitiR:- 

ftd fry I ho Ttic?usht tbat Tfltre aft in 
the? vrorlrt mniiorLB pf parent^, ind par- 
^nl5-t*-lj^ wlt]i h-earlfi ftllcJ with love 
who tvfii fri&ni it * iik^itier.^jij jjrlr^ 
l^urt to Ti-orK and (five to tU* utmosc. 
to Teed and cLotan and" liouae tnsb 

Mini* lfor*r— -If >-VL TlVvite r>w«- 
T'l^h Ji?ftfl^anrt penlLles MWW "«-&|)t- 
ratc In the same Ideal*, ah L Hemti *f 
a .^atheciitff a year as^- JOr-tbtf. ^»ru^ 
juir^Dfi«t, nl whith jhUcu a Imlf - niitlion- 
dol^irs Tvrts- subsfrrlbed* tay n handful 
of Jera at New Yotfc; '^Vhile jflu'rs 
^ivlwff cbarllj-; wli^ji iii gflo4 hfiilth. 
. Lhi a Is goltf 1 : "tluit 4ta>r ulmrltv, thai 
is Irrt at tor a nutnV death [b only 
lead, 1 Thla was Ihe ^xpKasioit ot itr. 
Eu i auss in Uifi spirea]. ■Wy.v Fart "WajTib 
people ftpvti an opportuntt'j' ti> Riv* 
aTrajf jjolrl In^f^ead nf'lcadV" 

I(i4*rs1jftliisian— •"Hi* Jewis ^f easterfi 
Europe: hnvii >iu^£er?d from opprcKaimi. 
iiav» ftwn dt[>Hvftd or every rfpht thai 

i Tien lufitrt dear, anfi hnve t^Mil fetter- 
ed anrt burdened by dljaollitEc* of ovftrj- 
EuliiI for Tni]]dr^ift nf yenrs, Tllflrewe* 
t^-dij J to he fCtfntf In th* ttn pfrjvirttca 
of Ttnselan Poland And the fkittnv pro- 
vincoa call^l Lhg "PD.E-g of S^tilwiikint 
iilK tailfionif of th*tO jn^teral ^nd laui- 
aliMlnp people ^vho arc Uit dailf tarn 
ff*t^ oi roffrcmu? an 4 trtRftsacrte. anil 
nr*. jm *vet^ loc^Hr, ^i*»ifri the most 

"America la rapine; lia v*|(w in thalr 
belvUt. in behalf of tho**> -n-hn. art not 
only crying ^^r ^unaj ristits. but ery- 
Inp nloicd for bneRfl Fit the moment. 

"r vnediot Fort Wayne and all ot 
Allen cotiiLty \ri\t do -its "utmoat to- 
TiniTdB ^^ very larpc coltocttDit ^ for 
rlieice rtiigrhtr "nfortTinato treaturei Tt 
]s a. prea.t a^tlafaction .to> me to flnii 
the cit^ 1 ftanxoiLSera J a tue bandR ctf 
^4iLt31-qs Hnd Je-n-e *iite^ and futlj 1 
united Lit achlevSnE: a result of -which 
Uid iUpnotHr». -arLH tretttuiUr fee) 
Jiroiifl, T>\? ffetsern^lt^ Of Fort TVs^yne'F, 
citl^eiijB I* cstaNbhrft and. I am aure 
the- efforts at tlie solicitors- far Jurids 
durjue" th# comin*r TF*efc ^i(l bo crawii- 
ed T j?itht hiicltwp." 

A. H. ParTrct— ,4 Thei ticdpId of tbfe 
couiitl" ott* it to tti*mae]y« tq re- 
siK-iiil £^nef*oili- u> ;i:t Jewish reJlel 
vamj»ign. wbwll Ls non ^u Utiles ouj 
hearts are caltftuued ws ahOUld iaL-r 
id vantage of ill? *jpi*nui*Uy 10 au^ 
^ilL>^ tv ^UmaB4',j's jitca. It j»atwr> 
am. . u-Htirur ih.^- are J^^" or s&Atlih 
l>tH^i; ur ^mtfr. ihei yv* sutftriu4 
huhiau bcineK, mid ** *nctj shnuJit 
itav* o/ur pvinipiih^ and heajfty alii* 

a. WH1— "Jf 1 am ciU*a upon i*f ui* 
relief cf trtan i l!4( humrait)'. inner Jtft 
«r tfeitill^ Jupiitieac arChifttae or auuv 
oilLrC jLiiLOLkrtJ.ty *r reJlffJon. I vijl Wrt^ 
irihui.-i bc&iiiw ur ifly biJtef In the 
brOtber?K>LiJ *f fjiaik Ho it doesti'i. alfi* 
nitj: to me ^rrttularly thHt it !s froiu 
tEi^ JtTfs Thai tft* call comea. blU tbM 
ii icj /cona wufferLn^ hUTnanH^. Tfief* 
Jewish fvujPle Mt& atu-vine *«i arv 
»nn:ertnfr a^^ ind^fendf nt oC Uifr wi 
ihat i am jv Jew lnyst*', That faj wiijt 
I *aa liur iK^ JcivEsih relief crLini^Ljfii. l 
aaukl »e jusL aa: airojiv ior any di!h.i 
c4ll froi^i marertoff buitianlij- under Uk 
jame c&adl-tiOn/ 1 . , 

C. H. Worden— ' J Fo row ^ich a 
Keart can fH* <* appreriate; tno utter 
misery Jnio ivnltib ojr Irtend* of th* 
Jewish rata Jd eeiswm ^nd cehtrai 
j-jtirepa Tielv^ bcc-i plucseed by tfcie w*it\ 
^o mart ivhoi (. b alhi hl:u»elC a c.hrlstLa^ 
taa /a:t 10 be moved by the apflta-i 
iftai is; aow goin^ ftjech vj com* to; 
tl\t ttiiit of Uit Ti'ives £L].d chUiir-eiL *t 
tbeLr slrJoken bnsttiil**. Here 111 AOMT- 
it-a if* tO& hWih fliiffT?r^a iLnd saesKio^, 
but if tet* sJL liow little] ^ r ^ arc ^ rlcn 
ne^pJu: imr tatiios. flJied, 'RKlth 
asyndfrpcfe, nfi ^iirorfr la /ar avsy. 
TVg do not 5*ft with our eyea ih* *vl- 
d^BETtB of TVftnl *"d d*£radAtl&n Into. 
which stt milLlcn Jt* p d have b AAA 
tarwn ^ud'Stiily thrauth n& fault 01 
liielr own. War. -which totvk away ikelr 
ntefl. destroyed the'r tr^de ana d^- 
iaaia.tfed ih^ir country, it ad tore th«r 
homtir 4 Is aJ&nft V> llftmfi for tbeJr 

"\\> inuir nnt be ludilTeir^Dt now. "U"t 
^ou^d not rlfr^ily cull yuraBUn* cbrlat-* Ir wa let Uvt crjsLa of e:a.r\isi:j 

"Wv must nnt n^ Liulitf *rpni nc^ F . Ti r- 
liNrtd n*t rfrtillv call ourselves cbrJat* 

itLtu ir wa let Lha crisis oi Qt^rvlsiT 
children ga unarwvT4f«d, it abould 1>lh 
fisfteroid a eiort<Mi5 ^rtviies& to g\vt* 
now. These Jevlsh frlefitla are jiasi a* 
mueh ^uLUJfrrj to Jivt a humaA Ute as 
we are r nnd \vb an<iUld fcei our *an^ 
iclencts biam Tvit^iin us unLtaa ^ve fclv* 
of 0"r flbpadantft to relieve iJi-Jr [iilii- 
en-. It i* 4 privilege lhAl lis □fl^rftd U3. 

:rf Th&se TTho ar^ axtlv* ,hi iho gPftfti 
nark Ot immediate rtlict dfislre ana 
have our ihhttka. "ITiey are entltL-^cl hjs 
wery Jaw of humanity to our sufr- 
i*on H Thtfa ahould be no liftsitatlcD-" 

Alia AGliwraftiv— '*! am ieirtHy in 
ainii>ftthv v-£th /t"ht rooveineiit of tnfc 
Air.erLvjaii X&vlnh rellfif committee tor 
tn* aid. 01 Th* aforvinj; jhsoijI? ifi wiit- 
era Eun*p* and do act Itno-rv of ^"3- 
mora Tr'tfrthi 1 ci±ua* for 'which peoiplt 
Ci^ald ta callfld hiidk lo tontrlhat* than 
this eniise. 'fiftliAVe if:iLt tt la Up i& 
in* ptojile «T jUitn Eftuate'tD contr3^ 
hale^ «nouBh io ranltH our QdOta. AUen 
tpuhti" hAa fftino ovct tha top in 
one "■ s - 

Sanmel RjJhw— ' 5o lou^ *S thcra Ii 
a erj' , fcr h%lp t no matter tt h*re from 
or irom whoni F Am^ita, Uie land ot 
^nnuiK. caji rot tlo^e Lta fr« noi- 
shut 1L3 ear?!, Qnc* he^ij ftlve "'Lth 
its flld ttme FOiifcTOSit^ tc Ihoie Utj- 
hapioy, belptess people o£ (uatcrii 

Joarph Roth^hilO— ""It teems Xbut 
our crnitro popul^iion if 1^ &llfi ac ' 
cord m its syiupatay for tne Jy-ifii 
relief campaign, it- if uot a talL frifci 
one neople or sect* e«t Ttoip nvhoia 

5lLrfejir.ii, deviated nnsLeni Europe "yrho 
hai-e jfelt th& terrible dlflaatera of Die 

'Tiie Jtwiflh . relief campaUfit Ja es- 
aentJhlly iuon.-aectariii n. The th]i:ly-fiva 
mi]h:o3 Tie irelo collect In the Unltcil 
States fvJll t* si>eht for fluttering 
humanfiv regard] G?a os raue and re- 

+ ^VJI<?n coynty F'lll go o\#r/thft top 
aa Si Iran in Lh* naiit." 
' llipoiitjre . Fratjk~- J PmbabLy_ ' no 
stronger apoeaj can be. made in t3i1i 
rr«at 'reli*f canlpaisii ^than tli« *^- 
or-gvio--^ t Mrs. JCdna 13l Felter* 'The 
saildeft tfttnfi in all tbfl vsrW 1^ t 11 ^ 
CCT &C if. little syfTerlnc; child, And 
flitch n ciy -h *oj tar reaching that 3t 
tarfnnt fall t&: Louch tht of e\-cry 
mother who Kctit licr sod to Ber^e,' 

"The fcjtSrP05& ot this rtllfif SELmpalfETi 
id 10 holii nil stricken ceoplen no_t Cfin- 
flnecl to any race or cited, a ad 
iriiiit it H under thp; auspices o£ th? 
J cwi^h relief coTjam^ttte.U pi»Quld n*i 
1** tniisidci-ed a r ratar.3 for Ttlief for 
only, jRwisn fTiirorers In tha Car oit 

land^. 'Hut for atnrvltiF. ^nttcriiig- liu- 

manity. lndetcribabile 5n ita ttn-ors au*L 
traced ie«. 

, '-Our Jnearts nrn. touchad— pur 1 sFirv 
pathlCF 3TC profound, nfrd HflVtA be- 
Irtre hive tve r#ahted the cont^tlons as 
irti do hott, J Anfin"cO'lint^■ irill not f&r* 
saken stricken Huiaaitlty. The csprfla- 
,^ion from all sicle-% frorn ii|E dftti&mhi:L^ 
Clone indicate the deep amd aorroivfui 
considers lion glY* 11 " thlc nation."* Triple 

\V. C, r3lcliii. , tGyEir— ,r JTiFt a. moraent'^ 
reflection ujJOn COr own ffOOd fortune 
ifld ufkOH the jnt?fartunt of oilr 
net^hbara in Russia, Tnit prompt^ any 
person, ^itli a aenrt taat is nt all 
?<>isipnthEtic r to jtivt liberally to the 
fu:id th^t is.n&ti- bcJn^ tiolkcced "by Htc 
J* Tvish- A m etita n s. 

'■)t sccttik xo nit that It mfl-tces no 
fljff(?rc)ic^ -wlaither these Buffcrlne ^»c&- 
plf? live in Kitrope cjr la Fort Waynt 
If the?' need ?ur help «c *^f: whlfi to 
Pflv** h ^re hsvve no moral rifht to d*rtj 

"With six million of their population in absolute want, they are unable alone to 
render sufficient aid ... There are to-day to be found in the ten provinces of 
Russia, Poland and the fifteen provinces called the 'Pale of Settlement' six 
millions of these peaceful and law abiding people ... We do not see with our eyes 
the evidences of want and degradation into which six million Jews have been 
thrown suddenly through no fault of their own." 

The Fort Wayne Journal-Gazette (IN), October 6, 1919, page 3. 

No. 57, October 1919 


Booster 1 *) Hwh[, 

Ufa lor six million* in the ^.l-.-.-L -.v,- 
0! 4ca#k! That is a strr,nge UN y/m 
for thfo weakV Boorior column, 
Strange because it i* the first ■..■ ::.i- in 
tit history that the children of Israel 
hare ever asked add from ffher& than 
their "Own. race. It is a sure proof of 
the dire need that they we brawe 
enough to break an age old ctti torn ; 
to overlook their pride of race for the 
flr^t time, and appeal to outsider to 
save the p*r1ahinjr^ £lx millions 
mean what? We cannot grasp &, 

£mpposie along our main street a 
pfoce&siofl were passing. The ranks 
are ten abreast, T«he marchers are 
men and women prematurely ■aged in 
years, in the prime of life, in loolra, 
pssfc $ie 80-year mark; not able bod- 
ied young 1 men— no strong young -wo- 
men; HML-v a *(•■'"< L'lLildlVLL •J]l'.Jl ,, T L\ •■•., 

for. hardly a child under five remains 
alive; insane young girls Mid olfiers 
so scantily clad they shrink from the 
light of day; the maimed and muti- 
lated; the. sick and dying. Suppose 
these hr-art-brcaikiiLL* ranks are ten 
feel apart, slightly farther apmt I7ian 
soldiery march, but -tihla Js necessary 
became of fchie tottering, struggling, 
gasping host, one million will die in 
^ite of all that can toe ^lonel Sop- 
pose they march, from daylight to 
dark, a merciless twelve hours each 
day J Suppose they sleep in fields and 
cellars without privacy or any sani- 
tary arrangements; Then daily take 
up their hopeless -plodding. How Jong 
would you and I have to 'sUnid on the 
Court steps to see the end of 
this massed misery? 'Subtly so$er 
34 days. From October & until Janu- 
ary HX Every Gunday we would stend 
on Thanksgiving day, on Christmas 
and all the holidays and on into the 
winds iirxl cold and rain and snows of 
January, we -must stand to see the 
end. No bands of music, no lively 
cheering hosts, thj blight hanners 
Snapping in the ib-recze. 'But instead, 
'bhe sobs ceP tine young, the rnoana of 
-fine once rtrorig, the despair of the 
starving and the flutter tif rags, rags, 
rags. : .Merciful heoa T en J what a night- 
mare I S 

But there ie hope. Hope in the broad 
and generous people of America, the 
favored* America, "the land sheltered 
with wings" that their old .prophet 
Isiah long ago foretold, Isiah iwho is* 
not irtily their prophet, tout owra aSlso, 
Honv much we owe to the Juwsl Moses 
the lawgiver; Mosr&j, the anther of 
sanitation. Then David > the sweet 
singer, and Solomon, the wise builder. 
And the proph.ete ( men of faith and- 
fidelity to right and Jej*us, the Ghrist, 
the founder of the positive, living, tj- 
tali xing religion and all the apostjtK. 
Apostles to both the Jew and CenGflft 
All these were Jaws, and laW \ 
much erf trade anrf commerce; of aw 
and music; of .love for freedom in life 
and learning; t haw much of— but ft*ne 
forbids the cataloguing of these men 

and theier works, Head the cold; bald 
statement of facta and figures from 
their official eommittee. 

Six million souls, old men, old wo- 
men, and little children in Pi-ImhuI, 
Lithuania* Russia* Palestine, Glaicia, 
Turkey, SyrU r RiouenAnia, Greese, and' 
Bulgaria are in imminent danger of 
starving to death tnte winter. 

The serjou&fteka of this- condition is 
indicated hp a statement of Herbert 
Hoover ,who »*y» that at Least one 
mil Hon people will die of starvation in 
Eastern Europe this winter— and this 
despite the combined efforts of Ameri- 
can relief agencies. i - 
Countless others will perish from 
the horrible alow torture of hunger 
and cold unless America conies im- 
mediately to their aid, 

Jewish War Relief Conirnltt^ea are 
expending more than $2,000,000 a 
month, now to keep altv* the Jewish 
people and the non-J*wish peoples m 
these afflicted countries. 

pphe ships the "Westward Ho" and 
"»&moeracy' J roake constant trips, and 
for the period vihiitr^ ^tiptemlber 1st, 
l#l» t approximately $30,^00,000 has 
already Well spent. 

This year $3^,00OjCK)O i a requited to 
sustain the Uvea of these people, and 
America^ alwav^ generous, It Asked to 
supply this \nzrn in the campaign Oc- 
tober 6th and continue through Octc- 
ht>v iiuL, 

llu^e as the flgures seem, this la 
less than |01U a year per person with 
which to provide food, clothing^ fuel, 
shelter, medical attention, drugs, and 
the other necessities of life. 

Two cents a day to keep alive, nn 
old man, woman, or young hoy or £ir^ 
whose only fault is that they ha*e 
been bam to a lefe of war suffering, io 
truly a small Bum indeed to ask of a 
nation whose* most frugal citizens 
must apend at least *&00.Qft a yeft 
sustenance, clothing, and ahelter. 

The Jewish population of Eastern 
Europe is entirely deprived of the op- 
portunity to ho self^pportiitff. Ali 
indiiHtrici are at a standstill, The 
trader and ntetcahnt of the small town 
Km been driven Into the cities where 
he has added largely to the problems 
of unemployment, Today 8fl per cent 
of the Jewish population of Europe is 
absolutely' dependent upon the relief 
funda furnfrhstf by the Joint Distribu- 
tion Committee. The Jew of lihirope 
has gained a Iprge measure of political 
freedom from tho War, fcut hi* missry 
has not been lessened —it has been ac- 
centuated by the end of the hostilities, 
The Accumulation of more th^ f ou r 
years of war horrors hai left theae 
people probably in the greateet desti- 
tution evflt known In the history of the 

Conditions Arc Terrible. 
The reivorts of investigators of the 
-Annerican Red Cross and other relief 
ajrenci B< show that in Poland hardly a 
child under five years old remains 
alive, .TTicre aie no tfbfc-Jbodied young 
tnen— no strong young women. The 
"Jo\ the mined, the emaciated child- 
ren tare than Bfl»,00G of these) ate 
entirely dependent upon America. At 
host thes ft neoples and millEons in the 
other wsr-stneken countrios can he 
kept from -starvntion-they can be 
Jept 5l, V e umi the Industrie* in the 
nations are resumed, if this oanmalgn 
is suecefcHful. ' = K 

the Need at Funds. 
The Jeroi, War Kclfef Committee 
..d not P*rti ?pa ta in the f„mJs raised 
in the Umterl V/ar Work €amp a ^ 
jThe Jewuh Welfare Boartf, en^reli 
;ri depcoWt and distinct, wh 0se funel 
I j on w^s to minister to s aUor s W d sol^ 

£5. "Si dIdbenefitin &2X 

pHtgn. This one is entirely for the 
cmlia-n pepiilfltkn in Europe, FaJes. 
(■me, and Siberia, which is afceolutely 


J^iif Given To AIL 

iN'or Is this heJp limited to Jewn, 
and it is because those who are non- 
J^ws in the afflicted areas arfl beneno- 
iaries, that this year Ajnerka without 
i-egare' to creed, Is aske<? to contribute. 

The campaign for (Jti B fnnd In West- 
ern Pennsylvania will liegin October 
fitli and continue through October 
tilth, The committee in charge of the 
collection of this district's quota h 
con-posed 0f many prominent Jews 
and non-Jews, Including the leading 
clergymen of all denem jnatlons, 

Itawrtean Jewiy cannot bear the 
5™rd«i alone, .3Th e /wealHiy Jew* of 
vthe United Stages have given with a 
liberality unknown an history, and will 
continue to do 30, end it is gf tourae 
the duty of every jew to give to the 
limit of his means. It should he the 
nrivitege of the nan- Jew to aid a cause- 
ao absolutely necessary, so hqmanitar- 
ian in its principles, and so h-road in 
its mercy. 

The work of this eomniittee Is not 
in competition wfrfli other Kovem- 
ment approved Agencies for the re- 
lief of war suffererjj. On the contrary, 
* supplements »nd escenda the work 
of the BeS Cross, antt fiiTiiilar organlsft 
tions, relieving them of a part of their 

Give and Give LiberaJIj. 
^ Collecting comlmittees have ieen o> 
i|ani&ad and will work constantly uur- 
mp .the week of the campaign. The 
responsibility of maintaining life In 
thc?e aisc million sufferers rest* upon 
fivery man and woman in the Ohited 
States who is not willing to turn aside 
and allo<w a helpiesBj harmless man, 
woman or little child to die because 
out of his own plenty he would refuse 
tq share his loaf of bread. 

Also read what Loilfs MarshaJl, a 
New York lawyer and R&bfcy Nathan 
Kra*s told a Pittsburgh audience this 
week and raised two hundred and 
fifty thousand dollars within a half 
hour. These gentlemen had been aent 
to investigate the conditions In the 
devastated regions. Mr. Marshall saidi 

"Becose the Yiddish language Is of 
German root," he said, "the Jews 
hove been subjected to cruelties, false 
charges of treason and actual bar- 
barities In tli* war between the Uk~ 
reinfans and Poles the Jews were 
called- upon to declaim on wfaieh aide 
they stood; Uncertain of the outcome 
of the struggle they did not dare de- 
cide. They declared themselves neu^ 
tral and suffered from the hands of 
both side*-* 

"Our rate," an id Ifr, Marshall, 'Ibe- 
fore the wor, was slowly but surely 
lifting its head ahoye. the centuries of 
persecutLonH As it nee red the height* 
tnd began to see the promised Land 
the war came, Aa the clouds of 4hat 
great comliet rol away we see the 
devastation, the misery, the starva- 

tion and ruin which has been visited 
upon Our people which put th* ho*" 
rors of the Inquisition to shame." 
Katnihae in Herfe Holes, 
(Rokjhi Krass confined his narrative 
to Incidents which ho saw in Eastern 
Europe. Th& ruine left l>y the\re- 
treating annies now offer th only 
setter available m many section*, he 
eald. Collars ci devastated areas 
fromfcho chief honaing facilities. Into 
these dark holes whole families now 
live in filth and managed fey diuesse, 
principally typhus, he said. In one 
small cellar he found lfl families liv- 
ing without privacy. Mlo&y of thes* r - 

(Coat3nu4d h Page VWvr,> 

mm boost 

rConitnu^e fr^rr- l T a«^ Ono.J 
m* said, had once been wenlthy and 

Many Je^'s Shin, 
SHtf found concPitioris piL^t-icul-ariy 
\ksai in temhurg- The city, which was 
IVfifca by the Fo*es was besieged by the 
1 U3cramiang r The Jews, after deciding 
Vtf.- r.-.-ji.vii neutral., fell vfetima to the 
gjPMtodmeni of the town. When the 
'^Ixnmians were fin ally driven <jn; tho 
FfeitK lentei-ed the Jewish p darter of 
e&ft town and killed 3nan>- of the Jews 
odd wounded hundreds, he saitJ. 
^ tEHr. Mlarshall Jecjlaj-ccl repute that 
"cShfi Jems arc siding with the Btilyhavifc 
fflnis false. The few who have joined 
"ffise Ted forces liave divorced theirs 
^slreK from their faith, he fiaid. 

*TI»e religious Jaw is law- abiding 
^as£ peace loving ami not revolution- 
^irj, In the red sencc," he asserted. 
Hidlping the Jews in their extremity is 
mrf lielpingr the Bolshevists, the 
^^^rer emphatically declared. 

^ aa'king of individual cases of suf- 
-ttoftv. M^. Marshall told of a mother 
^35* t&ree children who lost hnshand 
an^ .lather at one stroke when the 
c«5riag vt the collar in which they 
^mae living eived in and killed many 
■afffliw occupants of the pla^e. 

tQjuntri^ Filled With Jnaane, 

"Ifce countries through wh&ch he 

:VS*«oa are filled wrth insane e«pe- 

= ^dS? youn^ girls who have been ak 

r]**** 4 5 wldier3 * Mr+ Mar&hatl aaid, 

^m?*"* " WflH are left ^ ann °t *ven worlf 

^i 1 * "^°y were not left enough 

o^ffliung \ Q cover theif bodies and 

?wkm them to seek it, he asserted: 

"Dae murder and torturing of the 

mow In these district^ as described 

*J It M»rshill p left little to the 

5«aeew&tion. He was particularly im* 

^™»h3 with the aged look that is in 

^efSaces of the people Man and 

™ tn^the prime of life took w it 

fflfcay **re past the 30^yeaT madt* he 

&*hing facilities are unknown i fl 
B?« regions, uephliiig to Mr, Mar^ 
:.^3«. Many people there have not 
™ *** &PP*rtanitv tfl iathe them- 
-^l-*^ for months as all puMk ba lft 
cnHcttss have heen destroyed or locked 
**r j?*4 vat of cunumisisoti. Beddinff 
je iHknomn, he said. 

^t, *tr*nge Qa ft ma y ae em " 
-™« JBt, Marshal], "I fourui ' n ^[ T \t 
*w i^p«5m5sm that wqa amaitng. The 
'*"* ^ devastated Ehirope -^ve 
■^^7 faith that American Jews «n 
■ -nnyuiB^ to their relfef. 

"Life for six million in the shadow of death! ... Six millions mean what? ... Six 
million souls, old men, old women, and little children in Poland, Lithuania, Russia, 
Palestine, Galicia, Turkey, Syria, Roumania, Greece, and Bulgaria are in imminent 
danger of starving to death this winter. ... The responsibility of maintaining life in 
these six million suffers rest upon every man and woman in the United States ..." 

Indiana Weekly Messenger (PA), October 9, 1919, page 1 & 4. 

No.58, October 1919 



.Local Scout Troop fp 
) Plans Camp Season 

i Tr*M P No. B Will Oivt Entirtftin* 
mcjit ie ftaiac Fundi fm Nt*t 

■ !■ :--r. 

*iHlr+ ffrftonnvM *" Ttd^v KM* t. IftMj 

B* .'«' ■■ • trtuti ti> 

*Jrn*4y Bi4k1Kp jiliiu for firfli •1*111* 

r-Iqd htvj HiLiip up |.itr.r nuatin laa: 

tu*m. Wh* IW» ftrtnalpSi kr. rlew 
}h*y niv* 1-tl'in.riHb ftJootti a. 
•■rj.jr-iJ'tiB t«ri ht"3#ET-nt &l|U( *4'<b- p 
=n*frliiitf Ln Llitf iiu-a iL-:-r»j|. 

KfX?*l<SpT, 1Hu#|BVL!k bA fundi Jt» 

i^wan u* iin.jil|- -juJir W* r«r u 
BfUt|pJjDm*Pt Co W I'rrlJ ;a ill* Hi,:* 
talitol xuJlt-.r'jni t!- # irjuL*. 1 -. 1l 

«||l b* Tl-i*!- ■!-■ tf Ffcg*h|4 JJlCLltTcB, 
Piiim mVprip. HinJELri.J! JTnil J.>1ht. 

On* of ■cne 1 ^ Tjvo? P^u i. |:m j u ■> 
Itlflrt | me miw II Li UAit*> h din-r!*M 

aiMtPdUl, Of 5Cl-_ fj*lii=1 r TrfaiDk hb 

wIIl »dc mi i^Ln for Idjj y*iri- 
AniUh.fT, WilJarJ. I^wfl!. |p n&to M. 

■ J 



Proposals for (he 
Duanesbnrg Road 
Received By Stale 

I *>*+!■! 1* ih* CllMll.} 

Ihi Irnprti'itiiiiJiJ lC iW CiHJg-wlnc 
jrs.1* rpaui typta **£ultEil by ElKfe 
C^^larwr tit Hiifh-tiTi:-* liilajr; 

inir ^o"h* rrenri y wnn*|f; 4 21 wn\\*a 
EirtfliNrr'p MCjI'riaJ* ^h- *ihi Ymrk 
UPMtwi: w ft LafrttD. totui 

FaLU. V ¥ r llflTT^iB* L Q- J. J. llill-sy, 

RDiii **. 1:1V llAldirb^e-p: KVq-ftttt-. 
:-f.r.--np::jiir i-d-jih?, g.fij nrllrr (.£&). 
uiii.i-i> r*J lart-ti toe "Tit tftfrtt, tft- 
\ Vi-^W C'aflL-aeciuif Ca. p 
h-L . sii-liii n".:ti-i-i- i ¥ T| j±?,TI3D4l 

ifr^WEi A t-^Wr I'O., fltliiini-i?a4y- F- 

V„ tSJ 4 S3t,&ij J. e Oonimr- fti. h 
Si7-h+nfnnrlk. >=. V, .124,112.*!: H*nit- 
r c>i^Mi-.M*Cjf:r l"aiLft7u>zLLui C»., 
HFia&ai-. S\ T , l?*,HSi.5*; J. J. SSaU 
!*►■. ff.-Hjii.wlii,] j. y. IT. II-J.9»Vft. 

IWad K* U'" CflhlE»kItL^b^n:Ei 
SpTln|t? r t'i. ;, ScnchariD ioatiy, 
J ta nil',*-! i"v n^ f ■^tlm.i-:- f*r 
Lite *#p^ ii)Lr.]n r -?j)i ,va EftcHJtalrt 

Rud Sin |Jr: Stw,r,3vJlitrE<p«T. 

Eh*!^!, 3f r V. pH-^W-IDj Hufy W. 
t!ft.rj*jc B: ?ih.'trnLirr, Ift'Sti. S, T- 



rr 1 



^■■fF^r. 4^u«Tit«[-: i>r II s - ^Jiivl M.-j 

F:-l |- <!tre-frr. E^ 1 VnTTlnln A Mm 

K'tr.n.atli' Mfljrr-tT. 1^31 of ^Ir 1 . =p,4 

hliH. CTiVi/ r M.^rft: of Jliu iiicy 

ABJMJ-Bh LH: hi tilt hiM Ik! t n bniijn nT (1: E 

JiiKiiF-rmpnt ef UoEothr ■fc ? T*dln LTicrjy, 

J/iiiJ liCrr Elf Mf. .!■■! M ( h K" ■ ■ I I 
■'hTfj V. lu '."r.| Ll:II J! I J a. Kr:n. il 

I 1 Sl.nnnr .pf 1\ ■- : 1 1 y 

1IYIT FOni'MIT^ FlVr. 
,f - n :T - j*-k1i.v e-n in isgiuli itiihri i.*e-t+* 


Add Up Your Troubles! 

e ant 

Strike a Balanc 
Compare It With This— 

>Vhile the 3.500,000 American Jewi 
^■ere loyally fighting and lahorine to 
help J, maJi& the Wwld safe for D£ftv 
paitWj w die Jews al Easteni Europe 

were being ground' out of exiitentu? qy 
the ebb and flow of CTO£gQiii&g aimiea. 

Today 6,000,000 Jcwi Are Fating tin.- 

Darbcil Dayt Ever Known Ln thfi 

F unx IliitoL;. of Liie Racti 

Families are scattered — broken* A 
hundred U^iisand children are or* 
pbaned. Poverty is the common 1 ,lot. 
Disease stalks on every hand, 

Amenta Is the Only Hope 

In ti*H the greatest erJafc that Jei&Ty 
haa over luiu^vntn centuries of suffer- 
ing and persecution, the Jews of Amer- 
ica bum to their fellow citizens gf all 
faces fmd creeds for that material and 
immediate aid which alone can save 
the survivors M the race in Europe 
from destruction. 

$35,000,000 NEEDED! 

This sum represents the amount sought from tne country at large. Every cent of it 

will go to buy the necessities of life for the destitute, starving and utterly strickei: 
men, women and eh ildren across the sea. It is veritalile ransom money, for withoul 
ii millions wiU surely die! 


"Life for Those in the Shadoa of Death" 

Schenectady's Quota Is $35,000 
The Cafnpaign Begins Monday, Oct 20 


p .v&W rORK-Qr ,\«<TinHi j [^r J n-^^^^noU 1 1 ;t ;i .1i nr, 1 _ ^A **■■ n^nj^ \ m A efl*rtai pn i. ^ , Jic A rtn ! ^"""Jt!'5." *SSf.™ .'":.: Hit " 1^. ' tM * D * 

"Today 6,000,000 Jews Are Facing the Darkest Days Ever Known in the Long 
History of the Race." 

Schenectady Gazette (NY), October 16, 1919, page 15. 

No. 59, October 1919 

Add Up Your Troubles 

Strike a Balance ttftrf 
Campcrf ft HTfA Tlis- 

.- .1.1L 4 | 


^jldWMlUi !■ Ill iM-f v.-r r^I |- rr *.» .. .! r r . --r. I V ■_■■' "■■-"■ U1 mi|tn U *** IP Ll« IU+ ¥¥»■ AM I k+ 'illr P^Bltfl &F itl 

mt hi iM- ■»■" >> r-' *--■ '■■■: * "■ v.-ir.-: i ■ ■: .. j^n. _■ j- , !? .. h uh niLir ib.d lb ,r» t i| H 

-1MM lr4*» — " <*- ""k I"'™ *"' "WM"'" ' h ~'l ' + F-~ -«1 < ■ IRM -irL V l,t— ,P- tn hpr., I 

I tflll bfi-nn mm* iZrl BWVM-f k.u [. T •. - I J-« 1 ■•<■ » -i T i.l-i.r .1.-1 jl. _^ . , h ,, M ^u,, il.PA.-.b I, II. IMAM U ■. jfci]L.r >T liej. 1 k HI I 

..„ ,.c,^4 it ■ ••- % rr- ; r; .;-■■ .^ *'/■"!" ""J""*" ,71 ' "" "■ .— -.£►"■ -■ «— ■- "r i-i*..- ■ *i , -»- -.... kr—rf.-.j, 

.... . ..* 1IUI4 It Irnur lill*_ _. 

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mirn- -^-'F " Llr .ufHilkia- ' Tlr j.r4MB->>.> II ■**■ 

■ ■■• «' r«" «- w^ii* ** i**i mwjiiii -pi linn ;i» I .- ■ ■* ■ ■" 

^,'.,'- X'*t.>.'.'"p." 


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mir id ■■¥ Imrnin 

' '■■■!■■[* Lp¥ ■■UBklP I- .l-*j 
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■Jed** lb* Aui pie** *t 


TJw mKfcifiT tifli* hw beta ch«nr*4 fr*Di J o'clock Suniar 
■iitntewi, u oricuullr uarauntad, l« B- */4«k Sunday *v*b*p|. 
h> W not tn cnflflitt wjtJh npefulit of lh* J*wbJi RdiefD™, 

' TJm ehwf ^MJf*r of Uw vuuwii will bi 


Pule* *f ibt Church flf CW L*dy el LtH»xti** 


WLliAlrtbeiFulur* »f tk» Meiliw 
P^**Wl r*a«tw*J iM •duutunl I puibtifs (v* lh* W««# 
Ukd -prii ipf Utn tn aJtraraaJy ; — ■ 4 —| — >-. u^l lh* pUfpA** el lb* 
""[■pp i* 14 nub* 4v**mU* Ivr t±Wn * Wt* AudilMiuin utd • 
hJlT *4UJp*»pid ■rmatuu.m uM *«HnuiU»| lutk. Tbtr* H fc p*«t 
denwild 'o* more rli ii n ia *p«cuJ fn» r*M uJ tk* mpt ol lh* 
work wjJ] be (cvbIIt Uhi*u*J w ben tbc rooai tn cmrry huii *v*j I- 
tblf. Tbfl utr«At4Cv* *i tbt *t«p> wij] b* 4^hi Id d L WMnc-n * nJ 

pH», Cmtbobc «A^ TWP- < Jp *bji'Kgi . ■ - 

"' ^ . ' .... 

lb L«k*< 
In dm. If+ f-i.«ii| 

*-■..,- the 3,000,000 .'. ..n.-.jr. Ji 

»*rp) layiSly fightiftj md blnrinf 
belp "ntipit Uw "^r wid mJ* lor a 
wnry,' 1 .Lbc Jfvp of Lactam Eun 
n#rt bclEf jTiyjEd oat of trJ^iiiu 
Ui* rt& pd flu* fl? tu 

TiM^r M0H«0 J.*. Am F ^_», 
Du-Ltp* D*t* Env Ejwwb u ■ 
Lmu HbWy *l ^* fee* 

FftiTiili#i bj* uiUzred — hn>irn. 
f.jr.di^d LlnratjJid Jfhildr«Pi w* 
t'lujirtl Vwtny i4 kJH <4mU4Cj 

lh Lh.ii, tin fnildcA <riu thai J*i 
}iii «vir hnmn In ccnturui oC buJ3 
anj uJ tWPI*™*** 1 *. t** Jhwi of ** 
jcj -Lurn U -tivs-ir blJow fltLitfii. uf 
■t»-n ia^ -."•**}•' t-<* --i*i irjitnil J 
imrudMte ud *i^b *J*M «u ■ 
1M i-r- I'-Tn? i.-r (M IV* ia Fur- 

$33^000,000 NEEDED! 

TltW Km rapreienftii lb* 1K4UK l«l£t* (roiD (t* country H luj*. Eif*rj Ctnt » 
WlJI C to tnr tt* aKMllLtt of \Jt Tor thi dcaHUM, fitrAn^ uid uSl*rijf *f<e 
nun, v-^t«. uid qbdidreo *cnitt lot ML EL ia vifLUbll pmaani m4tHf h ftiC WUil 

ft miin«* ™il] rflPi-ii' ii#: 


Li^ for 7W » ii# SbaiM ^ ©Mil' 

"Today 6,000,000 Jews Are Facing the Darkest Days Ever Known in the Long 
History of the Race." 

Utica Sunday Tribune (NY), October 18, 1919. 

No.60, October 1919 

«dMM*U»UMMm» \l»lt\t.MKMVWKIII\ 

FroOsee Newwason The S*s IYbk n» ttraicfc < WS ITO 


** uorod pfuJabthropiit and 
mtfcKiar, w bo ptcicii for if* 
leiitf of detltttft Jewiih pecpfe 
n Eitftrn Europe. 

More Than Third of Entire 
flace in World Reduced to i 
Despair in Europe 


Appeal Issued for Mothers 

Driven Insane by Seeing 

Children Starved 


Fml MM** n« feNndlilan* h*\+ twn 
L ^ taf the l.ti( iwe %**f* im«P 
fbr deetllutf Jcwe flf tfaslrew ttnref*- 
Ihey jiavf 1 never before b+en *o ap* 
pallf** ■• U:*>- *t4 M tnr nreifnt 
tftftfnenl. Willi Ihe «omlne **f wthlcr 
the cllma» nf tragedy hn» l«ecn 
poached. arcoriHi** lo lh* Isltst ro- 
tor J« from Ain«r«n Jewish rfl(K 
workers', Hi **err patt *>t l^*"** 
•trlekrn countries. At n*» tlmr since 
hoelltlllcs c*ft»*«1 hns th* iMffe-rbi* 
i««n ha intense fti It 1* mr«w fl«n*n* 
l ha Jgivn hi thri* tin form* Air M**i* 
^^^^^^^^■out vf Ihe l*.*f«*.- 
•M In tti«f Httrtti. or i«Ti»;ii*F»hiy 
mere than « third of llir *idlrf J*w- 
l«h rare* arc Indsy aiar-dlac *n i-rr**l 
lines *>r jtfltlnR Ih? ^lif* e*n *W» 

they in*c from th* roup kiicarns, of 

the Joint ItlHrihuitoii Comailliee *f 
•American Kunil* for Jewlrh War *uf- 
ft ferr. 

mum*m uri «* *iitKirr* 

Thousands fli il»#n» MM *ltU + htin* 
4**4* of 'ihnu«imla jh-# without 
bomes—ali :ir- 4*afri«t* A hundred 
thoutand Jewieb grtdiana, many of 
whom ,irr sl**ptnjs and Heine: i*n the 
tlffi*. |*ok frtrwnril with terror lo 
Ihe rominc nf ir«* win itf. It 1* lrn« 
poislMr i.. coanpme th* nuenlwr of 
inalhe?* wht> Mv< Kon* ln»*nr ft* 
thfy ««l^H llwJr eSiUJrrn Msr»f ^r 
1^# nutuPw t*t ijrfMi* patient* »h* 
«r }>i n ^tnK for H**lt« as Hi'? Ut 
Mt1t« *H»«iit lHip|i|tftla "f* ne^lciatfl 
•r HU*#*rnt *»**. 

<lnr x^^r wi»pfv "f mii1o**irMloh bit 
#« wr.'tkfiwu iwm p4vprtv**lrlrkrn 
J**r» ihnt lh^>- ^hJII MM t* alil« to 
ftiJure ih" rlirw* «f thf niftier eYen 
a* well Mi ItMf *JW l^^l **-*'* arhrn 
IbouiftftiU ^1 iTinn rtli-d ff*»m t«lfl »a*I 
ttuiictr. Th*- tiBiMher of refuc« h»* 
t>e#n «renll> tncfr^jed (*l*o lijr tho 
HoMheitk ffghHaie. aied lnr^mnef»lile 

Lojne* Mre l-#ti- »t«ftro>**l with in the 
|ttt |Tft|Hr*» mnntbu. 

Jtvtntlreiti of tnOuMrtiI« of Jem are 
kVlrjt |r*U> In lij-en Acttlt nr un- 
rcoffl pf-ntformp. nftrm fnmlUei lo 
a )itfitff-rm, In Ktoken Muttn. lo »t»!l» 
Of «M *lt*liUt or In bolri In Iho 
t round THry nfe rla»t. for the te*nl 
pArt^ In the r.T^« lh<>' br«%e Hum fur 
the 1-tiL five yrJif*. with >lrlrv« af 
i^OtH ooun4 to Ihrlr feet or Mtn af 
**Tk" Ued to tiKlr »>tea to tone as 

"mo^rr Ato ^crna««nv 

l>r, Nnih,»n Kr.\««. t*hhi of the Cea* 
tral KyniROt;ue. l^s\(r»(fton a venue and 
rifty-nr^ »tmt, New York, who *»a 
Jtift rrlnfncJ ajaal *^\er*l months of 
TeUef vmeffi in K-HrrTi Kijto^f. *tJfi* 
timed tlie report thit esl^irnee 
Ihfuiijtli ihr wln*r "*a* ImWlMv 
for hVfiCieJv of th<ou>«r,ds of Jew** 
nen + w.>w.n and cMklirn, without 
Imrned'nl*- nld. 

*ftn\jr me mom prompt set ton on Lfc« 
aeri yf. the p*c^le »f thr United 
§l*tf4 f*.n fni e them f **»:•* fr#r#!ni! 
to.deilh and tnr*% riuftatloh ^IjrhiC 
Ihe tvfHaft wrinier.' I** p^ij -|( ihe^e 
%.tifortuaaie fttti*. *iom-« i-mi ihii*1r*n 
are fa fe* iLrm .ill**. »■ r.r«» of ^-MJ» noup E[trh>0# rFjiJ«t be «pli<n| 

aad litre •Pipntrnii <>r thiKs ind 
cifthlnK jad beoHin^ mutt be sent to 
>fori»pe ImasedNietr,'* 

frt*w bemu rpenl <i*e f> inonlh Is );m. 
tra^ufOf-e b> I he Joint Itmtrttinllen 
C'c*mmliire. from Mia*" donned In the 
VnMtd Ms tee to Ilka Aa^Heaa Jewlia 
ft tllef Cvr.i ml iter. s»d Atner AtperJean 
JtwUh rtiur a«en<-tei. iM» »um U 
hot nf*fH j-ffi^km for tii,* needs 
of £t*4*D+r deet Utile p-***-n^ th*4- 
aan4> of thew »*f* till j»uai nu*kf» 
poi>>lhle Hit r*^ei.dl!v»re at a ilollsr 
«■ tnonlh s* th* en;li* vuit^y f^r 
♦very three pennHer* p^Mons, Oh- 
Vtoui!j\ thi* ti not enoBfh toauppvrt 
life In then*. 

ritut * iMM ti M\ j t» AWAY 
The t%\*t ihirtf thsi the relief 
workers hsv* been sb)e to iio thn* 
fsr wit to concern ihem»*U#a with 
the, itemed late need tnt lood of Ihr-t* 
ataplat people, the dally eup *.f i^ ? 
lot the elder*, the nw vf milk for 
||i# hungry children. Kvoii then. th P y 
a/ira com pe! Ted h> Uck <*f tun** to 
Ite tr?oj>jrd- iur m ,| a*i*v unf*d 
The cA|«i)nif of wLnttr «H] 'vnipel 
Item (^ *f<w !(l , n lh ^ jrvKeai tnurv 
Ce*-pty. Score- «t -t t h»***<* m^i 
a* ^peaed an>: Hotti)mt« *jf piiv.ii* 
lH»ai#a to ukr In tu* huu Jrw^h 
orphani wfcg «;i| OLfaernlw be- l*!t oa 
tap sire* i alt wtnier. 

**lt w»* ma vrMfMamon thln^ for a 
thi id to Le rmind Anad oa the si>rri* t " 
HiB* Hoi* Klombera, a relief wurker 
ftvenilr i^tk from i # sle«l[tie. reported 
UPOh Uer ffllgi* 

"In Con«t^nllftople r*u ri*gld aol 
ttep »ui«Mc the door* of even the 
ten thrat^rt aiH hotels wuhaut si* 
■6i»«! atepi.inv upon the fhMdr*n |>| B e 
(here, trylnf tp *t«p, h filled to- 
K*the r fur waranii.*" Hlvi Hetty t:<.td- 
Iiwh, Arvhi r r*irrf *orH*r. Mid. 

lIvsplMU rwi W opened, in :.\rc* 
tiuntbera. a Is*. An epideenie of iy- 
phitp. j >n-es*e raured b> fifth, in* 
•vitsble smonn t t-eoplr *ho Vaw 
lw-1 t» meir ths Hinv <l^:hiti C for 
faara. ii raii Rs m i;»»tern Koror* 
>rvJ fMiLei tL^i. jt r (fie , lt(J C/yg|| 
lOftflptitfiiior. thtr* are JK>.tbv e a »e* 
•f thli dread m«l*4y | fl MVerl» stone. 

f ,.teiip maoi: up nitAw 

:«iaUer for the wleier mw<t bo 
fovnd for aucli Jsnr* H « *„ ^ w t(v# 
bV*ta howm entirely open to tho 
ijefiirni*, o r In ilteldf. or It. hofti 
da* In the sjumnii This Include* 
lbo'ir*sier pan of ih* m,poJ*tlo fll 
fa *ttn tied* of tuwoi ir, l^iiad srid 
UramiAnU J«tsU liiitikopr. «ae of 
ika r-ta«t* known !«*i«h ptNtf mmk* 

era Of the Untied Muii». t*Hn of h 
told iiiat outtlde of Wiir.«. j n t-olae.d 
Mara he camt upon o hundred JiirNi 
U(«l>". all lick tilth iyphus t liv. 
laa without any care ahaiever, with 
*;-*>tip made of irsi* iB 4 water as 
t%4ir only food. 

-JjTrtoom Aic*>. the Y 144 UK are liar and 
j>a«t; hat "deaerlbed a typlesl n n* 
Hf« % where hundred* of returned 
Ji>jih r«ru|«tft wore llvinif* JU 
a*«*r in tba lima vt))a tf e of nod- 
lews*, near Kovno, 1 found the 
nous** half diatroyed t.v shell; in* 

Kaa|otfua was epired no more lhitn 
• i/ther buUdlrif r. The wotiden 
• had hee» demollthed. and 

aareled awny plee* hy pJeee by the 
local population and ihs sol J(*ri for 
J\|aV ' The penple now Ih's In etstl*. 
DC lha MO e^uls ibmt had returned 
#ajrp|«d ftwny piecr i-y piece by iho 
(mi population and lbs ao(dl*ri for 

hjil The pei^pra now live In atsiln. 
bf the MO e"ula ib«i had returned 
|*Oo01ove. half ware itck with 
aaatUd i*ph«a. In ov«ey boae« tbst 
t anttrcd 1 fouad lomeono akk. trtag 
laajfiny on a dlrly bed wlihoui 
Iwilfa or underwear, and without 

*|fl!Volani' aloas :aa>ajr* ^.r-i-e* 
fj^.^i|sjf fed *v*rv day. ^* ;m 

'hi^Ip or I he Joint lilttrMiullon Corn- 
mMtee nf Am. rtcaii fund* for Jewish 

t*tery tnciiDi ibis lunimfr J?,a*a 
t-wirh t hlldi^n # were echt in IfHW* 
H*n h inn • 1^ r w a n r er ib^ir strcmrih. 
■Irf,]r|nt t.n «uris1lon. l-**i mnnili 
'"■I n<t-lii|oMiil ehlblren 1-,-ern **ni 
fr** m Vi.hnj to Hailing Whffa prt* 
tnte hoinra *&M in r<<e#iv* tbem and 
ip# iilher Ini^ll-U Wrre *enl ffom 
Ylirns to Trii-elfl t& ivntalrs^r. 

toliaaffe hr it aatkta, the aid now 
WJni: alven ajMld^ew In llaatern Mil 
rope d*e* nni nciiny m^el IM r»«*ed, 
and unrejjt funds nre r steed to tirry 
a« ihr work on an Intinliely arenler 
aeale, the eomlhx ■fVftftil *IH Pad 
rvmpafutlieiv f**u ebJhJrt,-n alive in 
tlie»e stricken hm*!*. Ilerbeit 
lloorer of i ha American food com* 
fhluton, who juot returned to Amvr* 
Urn, if>m^n(ftl upon this fuel, and 
said Hint it would Iflffla Nrn |aji|iM« 
UbN for the fond <o.mmlf*|on, tn fcar« 
kept he|w#cn I.Aha.aoa and MaO,*** 
cKlldffn |i rU>tern Kurnpe allro 
even umlj now wlthont tlie help of 
the American JewUh llelltf Com 
tnMtf's funds. 

There I* ho corner Af inland. 
Lithuania. llumtnU. Ca«-chifS!ovakla. 
or l"*le»tlt*e> en remote thnt i Lt Joint 
I'i'tnlmilon r>m milter of American 
j'und* for -leoish War Sufferers h^a 
nM rearhed It with eom* sopplle* fur 
the unfuitunaic populace, tllhrr lOWi 
or fTcntllef r-r both. A relief trnln 
Of forty -four cart recently car r ltd 
foud »n*t Old clolhlnc ami heddln* to 
a number of towns In Slherin. Ktsjlu 
motor I rucks. Isdeti wnn cmckfrs 
and cand'nurd milk. Mrej tV^fl na*j 
tollowlajc upon Ibe tils I of lb* Hoi - 
Fhfvikl tn rptsnd us they *eirr*t. in 
oriier to save the propl* aim t*fl 
.lllTt fro tn death by jttjtr'ailuiti Alt 
this work must be continued 
aHim i' mm ai i'i-*.il:s 

Almott everyone In |lw United 
Stales hue heard of lit* Westward Ho. 
shkh rarrlrd American Jewlih re- 
iitf eupplif* worth more lhan II. « 
.■>.ao4 to i'oiand ihU lumrtKf, where 
they were dlsteibuied without re« 
mTd for ireeu to si-inliitf Jin# and 

Thr Cnreilee. which caiflrd a rather 
smaller cargo. Is known to the public, 
■tan Hut i>trliu(*» 1h*' n\i:r«iCv AM*f> 
I. an dov* not Know ihot ^hlpa r*a- 
ulsrly nail for l^aetern Uump* with 
t-ippltes for -thee* oeeuy t^opl*. 
Urt^i a« lb* anHiuni belnic iiivnl In 
[hl«i ihajr ii m piceent, II musi ho 
more than treblitd If It la to e*v tf lha 
ti**« oi thvao ]Hduple. 

A rflala ll h tliltijf tbat^m. ' 
mvi iTMiriMiy. H nl all 


it.c people of the United Btftbta will 
not itrrnft a peopio to b* wiped out 
fur lack of tht aid l hey can t* 
. U «IK irtvr. 

"6,000,000 JEWS IN BREAD LINE, STRAUS WRITE More Than Third of Entire Race in 
World Reduced to Despair in Europe. ... Six million Jews, out of the 16,000,000 in 
the world ... Only immediate shipments of food and clothing, and prompt 
donations of money for further aid can prevent the extermination of the Jewish 
race in Eastern Europe this winter." 

San Francisco Chronicle (CA), October 19th, 1919. 

No.61, October 1919 

■cue rLH»r.irAha*KB- rmAOnc. K. k, MprmT KWPWU 4CK4EI1 M. ItiK 

A Iwot that every file clerk 
will be glad to have — 

It piiili w/t Umgj-jrliiJUo -ta BUi| ai| 
Irtft^l *H 4*MI OlMtl 1*1 •+ ■khr«f Hu$p -a 
Bb rt^trliaL bfud J kabw. 

Jh Lnftc cju ELhf t* dew t j da iB-n tijr tf b? iff 
■tnr-dck: *ti lu Lti Ux.. Z-ujbiu bu pmlu Uf 
*T **1- T#4lh Lit TTlfif [HfMr«M4i H- itlllMi ■ 
m d Vii 3JI£ L^-riul dnrihti rl d ■ — ' 

Ttj uni prtadpb til-li [Ml hen u Lb u| puHk4 

Lka vili i ■■ LMM iL-U jw*a Wfc, Lh *M4r uf nn 
-bLBcriu* tbii nA hnnn:- tbt on iiUbnjrii 

ftl* fcHL. Until Lb hj>.k*l Lbttrtftlj lit iikkartU- 


•mlj .talirri W. "trf **Y UllhkiLtw ■Jiiiimm 

Library Bureau 

Feature Films at the Movit Houses 


■ — ■ -■■ ■ 


-Ik* AUAIa-i JiUfa, I I ilh-H 

***->* *™* *^W nntd 14- 

Strike a Balance and 
Com|M*c It With Thi* 

■wc:c Kiyilly fuhlliq dihi ItL-Jiiiijr Lfl >clp L 'iiiikt 

*t TV-xia aw rw tiflp^wr*^^' lbs Jt»rr pf 
fculirn tfuiopc «i* 1*cp»k kIQuiiI frrt CiT «ilsl- 

| nm, 

TlrfLf AjC DkappCDrtDf fl 

f^iftJ" OTlbtltd — Jfitkin. rt. hUBrinJ NhM>l»d L-*ii*rrr. in iirphjntJ. }\u 
rv^-^ --■! 


N\rn vi<J wwtkti d ill pim lw j f p^j] lr- hfj r( culled irpfrn for ihrl rm I e-r i ■ I irrJ 
'"- *4ivhkh ikjnfCJB SIW i he < irvMn ul IhcniT IpEUI^PC riTJITl dCStlTirlion. 

" n*d*. wlllyaumwi 

tviim y jiixu»t Hri Onondif i Qcrejwy 1 1 so,** ik iskt4 t«wy C(nt-rt il t*LUi 
'-^lyOfenHUUllfir. lhtflqir||M4fll4irir. sl»r— 
»crt EhlldKn .hths llu i#a. IfciavfiilaWta-n 

OCTOBER 25-31 

Uk Ni Ihnir i. <hr :-r,, i -* -d ErA 
TLri .h- ^-r^.i^dM , w .rpv Mr. 


Give Satisfaction 

TkH IMkSUK *Whri »ihr hnpi hi 

ml>i*4 ki E4>lif* M|m[) kuiiw 

Special Exhibit 

Today 6 t 0tM),ooo Jews Are Facing the 

Darkest Days Ever Known in tha 

Long Hi&lory of th& Race. 



hT->i m ■■-rf 

j . ■'.„'. 1 1 . 


I J. |0 VUtOr iDOH 1 

"1 r^-'^iV.^d'-'.-r^ 

tail II E4tt4^rflft H ril^ 

Til '*■< «■" rtiipiii •■ ■■■■'■ 

^ri. I¥ ri d-allhr ■bnn _^1r^rW._- n -|l 

, . ., ,s,, ,-. ■ K ■ I.I >■ -L 

KIVJ ■■ -**7'1j'I Ml I ■■ W#K Id id#d 

nwi* t»l r" ■t»^' 1 f" ' Hrrf.'U 

■ li-u- il Ik- Ihri TV iH-ti n-lili 
^JlK AHrnL., M L^|rkM ¥ h-K-l 1 1 ■ 4- 
hdrir r^rp-,1 n rfM-4. IV^. -r ..,. 
JVblJ lb n-WMIllV Irhhh' ^^*JJ »H. 
|Hd II I" ■:■:<■—! i-h»A* ■■ ■— ■ ki 'I- 
: . jlrriJ K H ill ■-■•■"-■ -" ^P|I pnrl. 

Bey Brothers A Cm. 


w,"- , :r.; , 7,",^ | 

A BURT «>!»[■ II M, !y^^ r 

■VTJM IfclM ~"l I II 


"Today 6,000,000 Jews Are Facing the Darkest Days Ever Known in the Long 
History of the Race." 

The Post-Standard (Syracuse NY), October 27, 1919, page 5. 

No.62, October 1919 





•3 -leers tiar^a .and- Guytc 
Ehs-ni Mhur Brarislntl 

Thraugh the Lags 

Said 1o Have JVtKJrnpted IhEri 

nl Ca*n Qt S*we& Whin 


nnlih n.i.,nn r,,r,. ir( n, 
■nil 1*4 r-llir i-iU 
TH IMnl twtttt tii »h"ii ■«< iIImii r <u.* till Vlju hi' 

,. L,. .rr,.L.. r I. . 

J>i.y dilicm Till miiuHl 


OFFICERS IN TEMPLE ■-- °;""" "* |. "t^aSS^^d 

I ,■■-,. 

tw win 

L' il IliEnlud fcalflN. *». ■ 

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Ml Ip lb Hani ■ ' ■' ' 




■vi-r nan .h r > t>— W4T 

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I P|IU JLT.ll PIT** tltba B^HMfl. K 
1 L-i llr,-i rf i>JII|4lf- . 

..<OI I 'IJ.JU 


There are 6,000,000 Jews 
in eastern Europe whom the 
war has left dependent upon 
America for aid. About B00,- 
000 of them are children. 

nftiinnfrB Ganrllrlaftp and Plat' 

4n#m bt ftgnfil Clahfljwfin+ 

• i.i.,'... .r Wiiiiuniii. in nm -n 

* hHj*MLll 1II1IHCJH II 

Bum.* ta pfI nlf i m i ur 

,:■-. -•.-■ '.-• rtl 

-- niiwi 

r-lifliN , 

Hiifl U ilw<d Tniumnl, 
Till Albp.ftpoill. k» I. B .U»I. 

ii- Hifliu arrEnriMi «.i M i»«r« 

>■• ll*H<lUi ID] KEtll IlllllUll-ni H 

■• !!■« ulii iqim nln nipnr 
•-■'H II, impi hr|,i h ^. Nrlpfetriwi 
■■■ -II fi!lM 'IE- ntupL |i 

;'"! M imiir i« immr, uiih i( 

«■• l^ipVlMffpi^LTl ■" "!■■ "*^ 

-i i ii ,ih'ii r i'' i hi if ■■ 

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i ■• ml Sii.r mat L4 i^J<:i il, il 

• ■ 'ii.,. 

Ml ■■ h<r H |«| l*|rl . 

N*4 -.,, nimriA !■ Hit Ilk, i»h 

"■I'^Im lid HpunHEii l.iii<ri, :, 
S*J**i 1"""* '■-! T»iim- Ji-r**^ 
t-'« tluij Iti unwrt n! mul af III 
■-•Mir. Iq h MlNUJ Ifl IIIU1 BHttlH 

' • ifiP' ill ir"iu"r ir?uh!i 

nmu wmw 

It I" li-T-41 

_ h. ikr pnuii'ii 

l»i ^S'^".™™BfJ^ , i , f» *"" * 

rnunan la ll« »»«■=■, r\i ■!' »M 
-,,,, r.„ ifP^Jli »»* l™^" 

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hli%i#l!ri"T^r:"irthli £^j-A 

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r. Afl pjipiIiti ili -*dil 
L3IHWTI u. *-**. P/MIHr Ll « M j! 

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j,» u- bicbtii pf ""f™ . ■■ 
larab ■"' |i*H"f*' W" 11 I* i"* I" 1 '"" 

hi* J?t**C>**t Tr h ■* an *TMTrir 

"'illil^^Aw.l MM Ii HJ 

Si-r^* -"r.31.1 TT 

Why st*r f* 1 ^ 

You Curi KeJiwa 

Our Forefather 

Oari rhilr BMnnt Hwt,« tg fro 

U Hi laHTMi Eh p. 

i-w, mj. Va-AL Laj inm i pin iJ ' 

-w.i. ,!"■" . 

AU4PJL1H p> Spi -V r, 

«pn M 1 ■-jmv, i-ir L 

AP Et4h#PL PH-r— ■— — - 

.^ii.^iirtiSEf - -,-Appp+i. 11 

Phone -3245-Jt 
Ittnerd IVutkiiijf 

tin Tm 

l?ffWpl KlM RfpjFYmlih Ii*. 
K-.-1II..L; tV^J fur 1Ur. 

■j imtnirr iinm 

C.ij f *TU •« jr^-i- 






How Much Is a 

Tr'ith *20IJ vw curt auvc 
«ni child r a Ikic Lw *H.Bt*ir 
EiiPcpB far a whdfl jEar. 

Frjr |^> yfl'.i"fl*Mi feed CM" 
b| Prjlnbi, Vrlwl^ 1!uCkL ClmEiLP 

tw let ui much &r iL d«B bate, 

ii'.i:- 2E vua nAli "buy 
■ tf«ei«y*fti'.itlcl boy ntoia food 
t'liBia Jin Sim bij Lq «&>. at one 

1ir:ic I«.t tll£ ] ii-it five VCD.7P. 

nan n-h ij.uoo.aoo Jqwb 

iu Mfetei'u EurcifH) wboin tlicv 
wflr ha.H Lii ft dcptr.;[cr4i apuxl 
AutrJcu fir aid. About BOQ.<- 
000 rf than fliyi ^iUyflii. 

Out) Lduuigc of clotheH maj 

lejTjMp: typlmii cpidccnlr 
whicL in rAjpna now in en^t- 

en KiLs-npt- 

of etght.JTT Itti vf:,i- .1 L, in 

IttFgUL' tlHUI.iLifAUli'ul i' few 

iripntti', Kflin rannflt ivalh, 
i ie wim cif 1*1* of foiwi. 

Tiitic ill. 1 ^yjuliuilq uf 
TlliiiiBmdE of Ji!!w|*.Ti i- :i j -■;! i-;-^i 

in .PqIudiI. Ciwhc'Skvokin, 
LLtboiuiia, Uv m imi n, Biherip. 
and the Orlaot, ktL l-L-ij 1* na - 
iiid ia*mntEB^ tj itiH *p,if, 

'I'liniiHiinrlf. n r liiriu muMl 

So p;ct into tim aJtrjidy trfflov 

flHJWCicd ljrpclBil-UI([B-l llftjf *fl 
HWHLlWLlb} tlliy Mill HlHlJM 
dtf tlM (piract* tj n^ht. Aiail 

lUiTi", jHit fuL' I lie tfiiKa nr 
flnd H " apH yi>iir own Mlki 

A ,nil-iii:ii tUildrpii cUmi'i know vihat milk taites 
14k«. They arc n<?t y?w «hildicn— but jusl auppou 

\-\nw would y-nii feel if your child werei sudij.en.3v dS^ 
prived of food and Yf*s forted tfl fft&B a coming Win- 
ter witkoyl ahoeflp aiid heirdlr enoua;]i rap* Id cwvetr 
its puny beady to aay nothing of protection ngifnat 
thread? , 

Aod yet this condition actuolly axuiti. Think: of it I 
Think t>E itf ' 

Almcat a million innotont childrcti robbed of thojt- 

birtJirial^l TiStir childhood- lb awry, Cv*r aince 
their prattling hahy days they have known etity 
war. Peace to them io en. uttet stf ansec For yeata 
thoMiaxida of Uwtit have ^r»nde.«d, refugees from 
contending at mlei. Other thsu^nnda are orph^tieci ■ 
N nne have known a iull meal in five y eara- 

Thay tmn'i remember what mlSi tukt likei . 
Think of the long dreary day*, with tha hunger 
panga ever gnawing at theirlittTe vitala. Thin kof the 
terrible ewJleH ntflhti, (pent alone nnd unprotudt- 
rd out in the fietda under' the atara or qn djrtv city 
atnecta. Think of the raaa an j the dirt and the lack 
ei loving kindncM, el the atcJVneiM and the nuffcr . 
in f jmd the h*a* Eaehe* *f myT3«chi of little felt "but 
on their own' ' in a world gone mad. ' 

CouiA Ibut a part oltke auFferjnga of little: Jawatu ' 
J- l.ln. i j throughout oastern Elorope in the put five 

jcara be uumrncd op in "rrorda, the world would 

stand aghaii:, Surely the heart ri the loving God 

nmt be aoyely wounded at what the** little one* 
have been through. 

Hcic is a oituAl.oti where nece, orccdL iiatkmallty— 
ncitturia count* except humanity, It ia a blot on the 
eaeuteheen oF the human race. Nor can America 
ever cleat fcerlelf \f *ne peHnltt trUae eondillollt \6 

These multitude* of Jcwwh. children in' eastern 
Europe muat have food. I may muat nave clothing I 

Tk^y rnnftt ^iAW Hi H#V-**nl" Tibhr A trt UlW. 

And Uuy mint have a little of the eare and laving 
Irmdnaia that ii the birthright ef *v*ry child hftr-n 
into the world — of the ehild of your heart, and of 
Ineje numbesrle" Jewiih children I 

American Jewish Relief Committee 

WALTER H. MOUSE, Treasurer 

"There are 6,000,000 Jews in eastern Europe whom the war has left dependent 
upon America for aid. About 800,000 are children." 

The Binghampton Press (NY), October 27, 1919, page 11. 

No.63, October 1919 



October 31, 1818 

The Crucifixion of Jews Must Stop! 


(Former Governor of the State of N. Y.) 

From across the sea | men 

and women call to us for help, and eight 
hundred thousand little children cry for 

These children, these men and women 
are our fellow-members of the human 
family, with the same claim on life as 
we, the same susceptibility to the winter's 
cold, the same propensity to death before 
the fanes of hunger. Within them reside 
the Illimitable possibilities for the ad- 
vancement of the human race as naturally 
would reside In six million human beings. 
We may not be their keeper* but toe 
ought to be their hetpers. 

In the face of death, in the throes of 
starvation there ts no place for mental 
distinctions of creed, no place for physical 
differentiations of race. In this catas- 
trophe, when six million human beings 
are being whirled toward the grave by a 
cruel and relentless fate, only the most 
idealistic promptings of human nature 
should sway the heart and move the 


men and women are dying 
from lack of the necessaries of life; eight 
hundred thousand children cry for bread. 
And this fate is upon them through no 
fault of their own, through no transgres- 
sion of the laws of God or man; but 
through the awful tyranny of war and a 
bigoted lust for Jewish blood. 

In this threatened it of human 

life, forgotten are the niceties of philoso- 
phical distinction, forgotten are the dif- 
ferences of historical interpretation; and 
the determination to help the helpless, to 
shelter the homeless, to clothe the naked 
and to feed the hungry becomes a religion 
at whose altar men of every race can 
worship and women of every creed can 
kneel. In this calamity the temporali- 
ties of man's fashlonings fall away before 
the eternal verities of life, and we awaken 
to the fact that from the hands of one 
God we all come and before the tribunal 
of one God we all must stand on the day 
of final reckoning. And when that reck* 
onlng comes mere profession of lips will 
not weigh a pennyweight; hut deeds, mere 
Intangible deeds, deeds that dry the tear 
of sorrow and allay the pain of anguish, 
deeds that with the spirit of the Good 
Samaritan pour oil and wine In wounds 
and find sustenance and shelter for the 
suffering and the stricken, will outweigh 
alt the stars in the heavens, all the waters 
In the seas, all the rocks and metals in all 
the celestlan globes that revolve In the 
firmament around urn. 

Race Is a matter of accident; creed, 
partly a matter of Inheritance, partly a 
matter of environment, partly one's meth- 
od of ratiocination; but our physical 
wants and corporeal needs are Implants* 

Whither ? 

in all of us by the hand of God, and the 
man or woman who can, and will not, 
hear the cry of the starving; who can, 
and will not, take heed of the wail of the 
dying; who van, and will not, stretch 
forth a helping band to those who sink 
beneath the waves of adversity Is an as- 
sassin of nature's finest instincts, a traitor 
to the cause of the human family and an 
abjurer of the natural Jaw written upon 
the tablets of every human heart by the 
finger of God himself. 

And so in the spirit that turned the 
poor widow's votive offering of copper In- 
to silver, and the silver Into gold when 
placed upon God's altar, the people of this 
country are called upon to sanctify their 
money by giving 936,000,000 in the name 
of the humanity of Moses to si 
famished men and women. 

n men and women are dying 
— eight hundred thousand little children 
are crying for bread. 

And why? 

Because of a war to lay Autocracy In 
the dust and give Democracy the sceptre 
of the Just 

And in that war for democracy 200,000 
Jewish lads from the United Stats* 
fought lHtt**& tat Star* and Strip** Im 

the 77th Division alone there were 14,000 
of them, and in Argonne Forest this divi- 
sion captured 54 German guns. This 
shows that at Argonne the Jewish boys 
from the United States fought for democ- 
racy as Joshua fought against the Amale- 
kites on the plains of Abraham* In an 
address on the so-called "Lost Battalion,** 
led by Colonel Whittlesey of Fittsneld. 
Major-General Alexander shows the light* 
ing stuff these Jewish boys were made of. 
In some way or another Whittlesey** 
command was surrounded. They were 
short of rations. They tried to get word 
back to the rear telling of their plight 
They tried and they tried, but their men 
never got through. Paralysis and stupe* 
faction and despair were In the air. And 
when the hour was darkest and all asemed 
lost, a soldier lad stepped forward* and 
said to Col. Whittlesey: "I will try to 
get through." He tried, he was wounded, 
he had to creep and crawl, but lie got 
through. To-day he wear* tat Distin- 
guished Service Cross and hi* nam* la 
Because of this war for Democracy six 
m Jewish men and women art stare* 
img across th# •***; sight hundrs4 too* 
s«a* J#w*» MM** art ffF*ff *W feM* 



The Crucifixion of Jews Most Stop! 

.(Cotitlbiwd from pu|fu &$i) 

jg i\i wuiw «f Abraham KrolulLlnisky, 
-bg pannl 4lK h "tJwi ItuLlhlJdb*" Ih III* 
j.f gf ihtt iuu- hitutlrrd nud Bluety-nlut 

jjuj other Jawlth tM>y> who fou^M tor 
Dt»i*flra*Y beoaath ih« Stun and Slarlp^s 
p** 1 * jou ifr* wpp^Tf or aUw. «- gold. 
It a**P «*** * n tft * beat of the** dmb and 
C^pt ^flUfil tD l£O0P Wool in ih# POdLe* 
*(*•*• uaolcir 

tea J*W HU HBLfaP IVWW! 
Dl rlttSM J«W« 

IB the worfdVwafc the Jew bat htiped 
frtrruody but VByTJ*w. "<>r*r tJw«" U 
belt**' In tamp* te oouneil and in oOnBlCL 
•W« it**" b* Mg*d lb* B*^ Craa** lb* 
1\ at C* A., coaTCnlffcta of CaluntfeuaV tb* 
If mm ma BiliMiam Army and rffr 
b*a> alt* . So Mv la tat tint for *w/- 
Mj U blip lb* J*w, and 0*d kit*** now 
ttthtUa* U*ut*d* It, 

fmn» *ut o£ the f looni of ihtt war *v*jt 
#t**r net. **▼« one or two, bat anatehed 
a Eat of wnao In*- But amid tb* andrd- 
tw gkwn* tfeoro it no iijnt far the Jew 
*io tod tBou ma on." Tat war la ow 
M ararroDt. nut tt# J*w. Th* knife la 
atn? al hit throat and an un ro t a ao Jug aad 
aa^at*a>ahl* **ntutT<old lust for J*wt*a 

mfaK Ftiud and Ukrmtatu la baths 
■aaa tha toaptfoat of the war- Sine* th* 
Htotlot baa naan tlgnod thousand* of 

J*** la rJkralnln bar* boon oUttofl. np at 
Iton* ■aerficaa la dltnotteal froed ftnfl 
tiifw**! patalen^laalr throat* out tl.atr 
anfl*t rtnd*d limb from limb b* ataaaala 
ataae and rabid *0ldl*ry. In the eity of 
tvejtaaaff on* dar a faw ***** *#o fch* 
aswm aaw XSm door at artav Until Wa*f*- 
h\ Hrad * J*w m*r**d a* * enamW** tor 
ttecattr IFor four daj»r from Jtnnrb* 
la tamaat fanatlo pU*d th* dan*r »»» 
aaaona from beH^ ttopo^f oalr to «at 
with and* adtrtp wltita* blood of J*w«i 
TtattM Tb*y HIM tba man; tbay w*r* 
ke* mandfut to women. Thaa* tn*y *1o- 
t*t*4, and then ihty Hllcd, rron a pur- 
pat* la a fury, rrom a furr to ft ba&lt w 
Itu uuiBf of jewi. until wttbin four 
•art th* ttreeu of Proakonoif ran red 
wHa blood Uk* fuller* of a rttufntar 
boat*, until It* homaa batamt mofiUt 
lor tnauaanda of alaufbUfad human b*- 
lus whoa* g* oil c wound* crl*d out for 
Taafaame* and whoaa *r*a kad turaad to 
ttoaa at thi hurron tU*y ^ad ***n. A* 
Bfon. ffi&on W. RoaandaJe, aptly port- 
phrtataf Bobbr Burn* 7 thought* In hi* 
apatoh not leaf aJtO> tatd it la tne aaa^ld 
■tor of *1ou'i inhumanity lo man taut 
Kakea countlaa* thoutaadt mourn' ' For 
at tt bat boon at Proaknnntf. to bat 1c 
•am in * oandrtd otnor plaoat, Ttut 
bUoftr lala hath mttJtion od *tu«om. 
U i* th* tao» toar-ttatnad atory— the 
tofid 1 tain upon tha *acut*h*on of ftU^ 

Bianily VtTlly. By ran van rl^ht whvu 
ntr wrote: 

"TrMH'H ciC I 111* wjiinli'i'iii^ fina and 

wciirj* iPtvitKf. 
Whli1n«r ftlmll y*» !!■.!•• Ill i«- nl riadf 
liiwwiLd dovv liaili livr ji«iii r UK" fox 

hie cairv. 
Mankind their coitutrim EftrnL-l but 
the irftve/' 


ii#r /trot* it MifiiM 10 a ^xaot ta fa* 
WW*, un ft f A* cruof MOM 0/ /#*• aeaai ^oa. 
W* raj^aal (he war tt OT*T for tP W JP O dl , 

but lb* Jaw. Lite Itaao ti* uaifc b mt 
hln throat, out unUlt* laaao a# paajfJr 
tmejut ahl* to itop tut ttaai froa* tUnttp*: 
for ht* blood. But tout powar tfeo wartd 
mu«t raJte up to pruTVUt tkt* awOtaWtliA 
*if u uaaarvlic raot> /^r thi pfaor */ tto 
vorld Ltfopvc 0/ ^^iwM kf «* km* ** 
v*« aic^at; out /or tft* guntoafry tf fit* 
H r orW* to ft*o luttloa to taa J*v and a*av 
«r oppKtaod pti plo t on **rth. let 10 aavr* 
a Truo* of Oodl — ji > *a nt ffito ^aeou. 



MaW YOftK 
5T#JU>4iM Mit rrvy r/pff tttv 

Fall and Winter Garment* for 
Dreit an4 Sorting W**r 

.^-^ ltciuly made m* to "Measure 

Imported Furuiahinga^ Hatt mtul Sh«t 
KnplibU and FrenoU Naveltioo 
TuLukft. Bugd and Leather Goods - 
Xivorioa for Iloutt, Stable or <rnTOgo - 

Send /or I Uw*! fated C&talogut 



ratieaa j con. oovlvto* 


"t AflNfl 



N I T 

We feature the product of enr/ dar bant man* 
uftctuiert and p9*cc ow own organizatioa be- 
hind than. And, <fe*f*te the pern rurnkurt 

jhorttfe we ere Mill in a portion to tell Wow . 
An example — 

10-Piece Mahogany Dining Room Suite 


Reduced to $437 - n 

Ativan te*vuu» wholesale connection* and eow operatlBf 

t oat aiiahlo uw to «*H bower thmn *la*wharo. A compor- 

Ikoji will cOAvlffcca tou. 

39-41 WEST 


"The Crucifixion of Jews Must Stop! From across the sea six million men and 
women call to us for help ... Within them reside the illimitable possibilities for the 
advancement of the human race as naturally would reside in six million human 
beings. ... In this catastrophe, when six million human beings are being whirled 
toward the grave by a cruel and relentless fate, only the most idealistic 
promptings of human nature should sway the heart and move the hand. Six 
million men and women are dying from lack of the necessaries of life ... bigoted 
lust for Jewish blood. In this threatened holocaust of human life in the name of 
the humanity of Moses to six million famished men and women. Six million men 
and women are dying ... six million Jewish men and women are starring across the 

SG3S • • • 

The American Hebrew (NY), October 31, 1919, page 582. 

No. 64, October 1919 

1 rcm 

Mf|ya«pgKg;SPuii muiui >j 

IN the midst of our campaign for the relief of the m 
^^■of Eastern Europe, we are not unmindful of the merits 
of other activities close at h and* To the American Red Cross 
whose Third Roll Call begins in a few days, we give our unquali- 
fied support and approval In extending its aid, the Red Cross 
recognizes no distinctions betwe en black, white or yellow — be- 
tween Jew, Catholic or Protestant, but serves all humanity on 
the broadest principles. 

We therefore urge all to enroll 
next week in the « 




State Chairman. 


Chairman Providence Committee. 





"In the midst of our campaign for the relief of the six million Jews of Eastern 
Europe ..." 

The Evening Tribune Providence (Rl), October 31, 1919, page 11. 

No.65, November 1919 

How Much is a 
Child Worth? 

WkJi *2W j.iiu fun nrve >ni- 
■hil'.i~ lift 1 in i:is,tpm Burn p« frr 

i wliu II' year; 

Krvr .fjfl you run Eced **e tittle 

flirt fur i Tnunrn. area in P&1*thI. 
when 1 fapfi 4>«sr« twice a* mnch 

M II (if*l k*rP> 

For 3fi EWMi i r (m cm bay a ten- 
yefcr f<Jil Imy ni*iTt* fwrfl th*n be 
h*u hml La eat nt onp tim» fiw flip 
pert tl™ year*. 

Then* iiv fi.MKt.fJrH J i"ft-» in 
ni.ilfTTi lifQfH whom Jtlf War h« 

left dppeaden.1 upon Am™ far 
aid AWt HttfiQQ of them *r»- 

fl A m J lion children don't know what milk taitea Like. They 

ar« ml your children — buE juat auppope they wer-. 

Q How would yov fed if yonr child were suddenly depnved 
of food end wao forced to face a coming winter without 
sho». and hardly enough TPgfl to cover its puny body to say 
nothing of prated ion against the cold? 

<1 And yet tli in condition actually eakta. Think of it f Think 
of it! 

<J Aim rapt a million innocent children robbed of their birth' 
right 1 Their childhood is awry, Ever sine* their prattling 
baby day* they h*rv* known oniy War. Peace to them ie an 
Utter stranger. For years thousand* of them have wandered, 
refugees from contending armies. Other thousand* are or- 
pkatMid. None have known a full meal in fi\e yean. 

«J They cant 

wfcal milk tailM like! 

tuip i-hAJiief nf rlrii h*-» may mn- 
a Inly sir irirl frnrn 'i\t TcrrihJc 
ryniim ^nidnak whu'b i*. neinr 
nffw in ••nAifnt Europe 

I'nLinri ii« fall dT rhililr#n r.t 
f if tit nr ten ypflrx rili1 r rifl tv^er 
itian Infanta nf a fpir us nothn, wlw walk. Ii^caute ti lack dT 

Tlrfr art Nnflrerjp of thuu- 
witd* of Jtrwuh rtiildrrn in Ffl- 
-driil, <"Tj;?clifi-iH|iiv«lijji. Lithuania. 
Human ia, fl Iberia and lb* Orient, 
left helelcm md faoroetaM bj tho 
nir, ThouMni» of diem unatlr 
m grt into the already «HT<xerowd- 
<*d -irpbanafroi hag; ue toe rtrteta 
by a"iy. and *lwip op th$ rtreeta 
by Light Arid then, bat Tor the 
prriee of Roil, uffxt y*ar own litll* 
bnf M* mtl 1 

^ Think of the Long dreary ekjm, with the hunger pangi evn 
onawtng at th*ir tittle vitala. Thtftk ot the terrible rndle** 
ttightx. ipenl alone and iiT^prnt«eted out in the fielda under 
die ntari uf on dirty LLty atrrriH. Think nf the raga end the 
dirt and the lack of Win? kind new. of the tickneu and ihe 
AufferinK and the heaitachca of myriad* oHittle ton 'out on 

their o*n" in «t world gone mad. 

f Could but a part of the nifforitip of I in It- Jewnh chiMien 
thromajbout Em^s™ Europe in the paat Ave yearn be ■ummed 
Tip in worde, the would would *Laod *gh»at. Surely the heart 
of the Laving God muat be aorely wounded at what iheae lit- 
tle «ne» hare been through 

Ql lere iaa aituatinn where race, creed, nationality — nothing 
count* except humanity. It U o not an Lho cecutchrnn rjf the 
human r*ee. Nor €an America evtt clear hcriMlf if ih*- per- 
mit* ihe*c condition* to continue' 

flTlieae ntultkudb* of Jewish children m Eastern Europe 
mmrt have foodl They muil hate ^lathing! They muat 
have a decent place fo Livef 

q And limy maul have a Little of the can and loving Idnd- 
-^ of Ihe child of your heart and of theie numfaerlaii J*with 
—of lb* chad of your heart and of thnc numkerle** ewUh 

American Jewish Relief Committee 

WALTER H. MOR§E, Treasurer 

"There are 6,000,000 Jews in eastern Europe whom the war has left dependent 
upon America for aid." 

The Record (Johnson City, NY), November 1, 1919, page 8. 

No.66, November 1919 


American Food Adman Iterator Picture! 
TerribV* Conditions In P&lsmd and 


$400,000 FUND IS ASKED 




"Dr_ Goldflainffl of Warasn* telle 
mo upoO Lhfl EikithnriEy of his 
mad leal reputation that in hi* 
clinic during th* past year there 

has not been 4 J*wlttb child MP to 
four years of aje who could wa Ik- 
Bon™ of the <-hi ! d- ^ -i ''-nn '■■■" ot 
t^rt, have unlearned How to wiiifr. 

They have been rachitic from un. 
deo-ncu Hi h m trit , from bolng fed 
once n 4$y |Hja warm po^atp toup 
and thia hunk of forbad," 

—From an eye-witne&a,. 

i'jOirrj^o I ^ Hi ml Li a, woLl -known Ouisihik 
lui'i-i'liiiut, 1m* inTosHod Inf: (■hnlnnni]- 
stilp of I In? Nk'lirsirikifc fmn 1 1 it I [ ur, nun 

^L-liirS^l, I II 1 1 W I" Hmi rtmJl'LllliClHhllJ of 
< Ed i ^h^i"| i ii |' MoKolvlo. 

Hurry Wifcf h L^nHmr OmalKi runll^r, 
Krtft uhi'm-iI 1 4^ |niy i^n" i-ntifn* oxiioelh*- 
^f ■" i' Fi'liniafcn niiii[i:ilgn. TIiIn nutria 
I hut rvory r^in Mint erory ollior «*i- 
IrHilMor ttiivi* 1.T III Inl i-U^-il fur <Jlnwt 
ryliof r In' C^ihI, rk^hlh^,, hns-mlm] mi|i- 
'|ilh-_i tuiil eiihor imri^Llk'* of Hie. 

iliNnlminTN'rS nf 111* nnopulun hnvo 
ln'i-ii ^hliiiltfllHi In n "Inn" oil (he 
i. Hint 'IhniW ffHisiSC At fhuntLii, 

I'lrwr-niim't JiifurttiflUmi "f ilLPrtlKfvii- 
lini: .!i:l ilratll n L; Idii of Llir ilowEali ^i 1 **- 
nh'S nf 1'iiIjNiiI ilillil rKi-4-lm-SliiVJlUhk, :Lri 
1 1: ™»i* l«dny K t&'binftUJtiil epii4 of I lite 
tain] «f swrrtrrr :i eh<9 lmrnor by HrrhorL 
IJomvr, SilnuI 4 1 f 4 In- Ljiirr-=iJ11i , *i rnlii-f 

itrjEttlllKitlliHl, MT-hbLI llJIX JVLIII'in'ii In 

VpVpuui uTrrr ii I l- I |i 4 1 r Liisj m*i' I hH i. 
Mr. IliitfVitf ili^iU'tnl c Inbi 1 I hi- nrn- 

inunk bdLwiitUii'i Iei inirrh nf 1 1 ■ ■ = Irrrl- 

ClirV ||L» I'iKJIl 1 ^ ■ ••iLllll lHI-l V In* ^IHH'^l'l 

hy I ho t n'm n Ymnpk'1o Utumpl'Llll =M I ^ >n-" 

Hi; rii iii iijUi'il : 

H A» ii n»nlt oE tteVvfTi |iiv=ttilonn by 
iIIeTi-hmiI iiiiiiH'fl, ILll 1 miuilfy hflH htfi-pL 
Iimlti'Iv ikhinli-tl rpf' huMiLLliCH. Tlirxt: 
-ll-^iiJLIt* :l ii ■ i "MIT-n fl Ivi n n i ^l r i\ :i I i»d. " ' 

'Llin leiTlNiL'y wltJi-h Mr. Ilinn-i-r 
VlHblfHl i*< TiLLt u pflrt •*€ Ihnl In wltli-li 
ikiBHJumxt .Pnws, auffrnx-i* iaC iviir und 
T^^^^^iiJuTy Lmrrllrttt nfT^t'LUnih, 
jttaiiiil JuMyk'sh tudn-y, hon^hw*, ton. 

.iiftlNj f<ii' I hi 1 prniiiiHI* OT It Li] h'lHIl 

AiiiHirUn, wMUHi mhy Kiv« ili'wtl f" ftrl 
nrLcl rLoililiic Linlil ni'ili"!' rimiw mu of 
i'k=..uiN 1 1 ks.i I j^Ivpm I hoi 1 1 ji.i^i in li [Jiiinoi! 

1. 1 main 1 IhHr ■^t'n Hvi-Uhood 

4l4^(lLHtu MinniJillj-', I he Aittorkmi hK-w. 

IsIl U'«r Rh fc llof OnliklllHfW N ^>ndi!ofc- 
Lii^r il sinUrtLL-whJo n:niiiiLiJ^rt f*"'. $t\- 
IHW'Hii.Mh, nH ii H)|!h liiiilk'fl i" i ■ Hia|i]ily tbn k 
MINI M l M mill Sk. >"« l I itiI^H il "s r.tiri !■*■ ■ ■ f 
4!iLn rum I, ^ I i"*l I^H ii H i, 1 hi l>o nitaiil 111 n 
ni"lii|*:iti^u duriiiu: Hi'-" wt-4?k nf .Si-|ilriii- 
m % r iri-i^i 



SIk itLilliini .Ih-ihi-J In P-nknnl, LUhn- 
iltLlsi. (S:lIEi-L:i, I'nk^in-O. TntkFfj- mid 
^ i h ■ i ■ i j 1 1 \it\- n T >■ I l l im nf ^mrviultsn. Uk- 
fnw^H,. Hmy ^umirr lw unions luin^ry, 
In. rnps. HffinMH HiK^vr linn Kri-lrl ihnt 
+Piio miMlnti [n'opH 1 %vllt ill(r In BHrttffn 
Kumiio llii^ rt'kjlPT, TJiohkiiekIk ii|mhi 
tlinji^nililH will jwrl^h *>t ii«rtn*lntl 
a Ltd HsiMisniifi' mik-ss Liiim+-c|inii> JiLd 
npEiiuH fr-naai Amnrini, Thp rLDrfiliilinn. 
nt ^wlHll wrnr MlLtohT« iliirliiK fli^ 
cnniin^ linHiihH will [inilp^hly Hiirfmw 
Mil yi Ii Hilt t'v-r lniiiu-n .is 1ln- hlslrn-v of 

I yii RiiaiM-inp. ThHC Hiifferlnp tM 

Wftpw UmlL nwirh— St L-h Eho lii-.^-rlnj= 
tnrtura nf itnrrattoiii ^o plt-wnw 
rTnin'df of iMimtiiLiloil. ttv* JmrriWo 
wiiliSnn, In n^ny tpf Inni^oi-, for tho 
prim n-Lijior tcn>ml ilioir mlsory. ^hesc 
six njiUkffj ^L-FJ|:iLLirli'iL; SlulI* ftro tiiliLlll 1 

itoiiondiml (»n A ri«i« Ki'hornatry ff»r 

I ho briii* m'dwoiifh of llf^. 

Tha Object: ^a^.OOO.OOC for 6,000,000 

4^«* — ■ — " ' — — — ^^ 

'" Thin jioqr Amis PvnanlEiPfclniiL and 
nulLiiLnK , y doRLrnyorl but fiimliw M 1 - 
iiiiitHH ihn'sM^HlTip wnriil ooni-o iiml 
hug^kEm^HH, ItntH «■ whilplo- p<PV?rniliiont 
I a o.Fiinlnls*LRd nkirl iniliiHlry ho^ins 
iL^iiili. Uiu Ji'Wlhh wnr KilItonTy Jin 1 
oLLUn-ly doptimbiiL upcm our ImVp. 
ALLLtM-Ini miiJil vellum i L w^lh rhtirni 1 - 
*fw= ljirk^.j=<.M i oHjiftl t^ 1 o WLTr 11iO IU"(»* of 
llnw» alrli'koii in'^l^o whrun -iiv bnyn 

-aijOgnof in IfS.Viihp.lMI. if_Nohr!iwkrl 
Jk Ln.f BUmiftfd 3hi"i' wTnToTfit'L' Kllll *■-■*. 

L^iqWIIIj : *uJ»lr1lnito Sjt.MKFJWli, .lVllhonl 
IhlM itu , KU a y lJ" h illltCHlU'll^^THlO flUlll tmil 

clolhhl^ asnnoi ^ »«* 1 b «l- WllluHlt it t 

rho woi'R of ronnno tunnot p - 

WLHi UvU H^norlnii iind 1IPJ' Iprnnci^ nf 

I ho A\ntc [loLwtrlinoLLl :rt W n KliUi ^r on, 
thvm fnmfa pi^ 1 wi>t ihi-cniKh n hmm-b 
nnnniMlro In tho. NvllicrhlPiln ninl hy 

II dlstrLlnilod In Ihe ViHTlH^ roLluf 
*<nlt i rN r ' S 

Oporto Hrniirtrtrt. 

TrmiKlirt-r, NobraHkn rammltlee 

■ ffir Awlsto l*oli**r p ..;.- 

[>*ilf Kir; 

I- ltnr«*F ftBTTfirrlli* 1 *'. **T W'«. 

:-i-Mni t>* .ItiWlMh will- Fiin^rwrs nil ut. 
H'bloh 1# Mi mi us+mI foe lilr.e^L k«M«jT. 

(Sljaiod) r,- 

' tijheiutii* >"otir t'hot'lt nrt-j ninll itl 
Rnorjir Hr'uim 1 !^ JtWiMi Wnt llfiLitf 
L.^hnimlll^o. f'ftHTl Hiiii^e Hi]iiLLn\ 

1 flFti j* jj* 1 fnami 

We HP tm tu i 




^■"^■™i"=/ ^rl"_TI_^. j*WMMgrJi 





"The territory which Mr. Hoover visited is but a part of that in which 6,000,000 
Jews, suffers of war and war's equally horrible after-math, stand helpless today, 
... The Need: SIX MILLION STARVING SOULS. Six million Jews in Poland, Lithuania, 
Galicia, Palestine, Turkey and Siberia are dying of starvation. ... These six million 
despairing souls are totally dependent on American generosity for the bare 
necessities of life. The Object: $35,000,000 for 6,000,000 LIVES" 

Beatrice Daily Sun (NE), November 8, 1919, page 2. 

No.67, November 1919 




Lieut. Wriifcl Tells of M 

Starwd Pttflle Clad in 



Says 6,000|^icrDeaA 

Thi» Winter Unless Given 

Immediate Relief 

Tbe bktriln-SMrfl of Lht com in* TJh- 
tar will TOi?tn death to taaUland* 41 
Jew* in Pofcand. uuLnsft out*] da aid 
IntortaTie* it oncfl> acc&rdJuf to- 
LttulpjtAftL 3ht?l(on lVr-rjhl. of I ft* 
African tied Crow {;ommEfltl»iL to 
l a «lftTnl, rccnttLy rctitrna^ li> tht 
United ttatfii altar maJtlFi* of r«]hil 
work In eaateTti EurajJ^ 

Hi L Jrilated u firlri pln[iLrft ^T Llift 
tiskf-B-lM'^od J?ei?pK clM hi rmpfl ' 
who a-r& now erpupliijc bdiajt LOfc'n^d , 
their dcfan-Uitrd aojnej, -rtttnr 
menUi* of irfrfuffMi w*t1 dating aid 1 
rWttjt of rtnrvatlon and Ljphud ulnu^' 
the rouJu. n it Ihfjr gt>. 

"Ditfrijbi *Larv*r<on r nnlnuroui 
dlB^n^H, uttJibutfd to DtAlnulHtlan 
anul typhut bavo fcHlad Ebun a ad wo* 
tnan and chihfrob Ilka Mfnn, M Ild 
tald. ,k l remcaifrer a fursiLSj" irvEngJ 
to irve under on orer-lurued ^ileou 
by ttlo raartaldft, TJu* polftcr urflfl 
dcLiti under a lthj % fall yard*! imny, 
— bH* hBd been dt'ad fnr dftTft. Thfl 
fflplrHif W*lb et retched nprra'tb* gr^Mml 
dyJae of typbUEt II u dimi ijn^. 
Uftdcr tbu Wilson wirro two Hi lie 
children, both uadar rtv-p, ijck witii 
tjrphus. An older chlTd *at Ktupjihy 
*pflJ4o them — a ulrl driven out ot; 

Jlmid rtnl af T^iowa 
Many or Lhtf iifMbTA 4tfa driven Ml 

nukliiR J, hr*ftd iB out Of leaies nqd 
bark, and "miun" out uE &nM** Jtnd 
ffat^L' P LSi:uti3Jianl iViifcht report lmI. 
la *p|tO n-f [ho riu-1 tlLi^t tbe Ameri- 
can JnwUli ttdtcf illfl-Fitl^ am hjh nd- 
Inx almost (^■■UftlMjqCl 4i niflaLb ruiw 
Oil thesr relief *wk Jc I^Ufl^L a ad 
tbnt the! Am^rlejk^ t^nl Croay Ifl da- 
lug llt> wnrk 1^ ao viirit 4 fcfaUt. Iiun- 
drnilK nf thni|H.ttDdn of paoj^s- will die 
duriiLK HU4 wlntL-r uuleai weru aid 

Dii- Alaitff the Wik$ 

"F,s p ory tmsj e^r fttlE ot r^flli!t^tt 
r*Cara1afi to taelp toiu-ea Cittrt In It 
IhiNdc who tHe aloaa t!*a wk^ p *tuA 
tli«*£i whu hii^o cenlrJicted Lyp)iUv'\ 
LUiulcnuaL IVfltfht Eitd. 'The pe&- 
ftpH Ifj la tvoiLl d-.E-niPrEFj by kia"piBg 
ONjiJr.. hut 1t Is Jmp.f>PBlbLfl iu cho so 
aikder G^Jfltla'K coudJt^GDn. Ev^a 
Our A ai *< r ke it aureus and iector^ foJt 
EU af lyfhhui,. a diy-tma cBjijaid by 
f;lt3; jm d ]ko' h 

fiTatw.tnw ywnft i>rtUtl 

Til*. ririicrifBU Kad illros^ liqJ tU# 
J i" v; I Kii TU-lLet anBocleju aci> doing 
their uLmout to ke^ap holb I ho Jwl 
und P hii GtujtLLw U\ iJio^ki aiNtkOn 
LundR ulirtj. Six mUSLdtfc Jgw In 
t-n^B(TTi EurDiifl" Tl-ae a^atb dajhittf iho 
£fl3jilitj£ wlnUfi yilMa rjt^nedliyd 
1 »hl r hipih>ji!.a oE fOo4. aleChLafp And 
Iji'dtllup fracu l]lc Ui*ILvi| K-in L -g 
I Teach ih-eia balofe the en Id wasiifccr 
8 «-t a 1]]. Ue r 'l r art J-iooTcr, beiid of 
tlLa Aaierkan Pood Cai»nh|K4loU 1 *ha 
jre^e!iU) r r&m rued 10 AuiurECfl, suld 
tliFii; wkb&at the fundi. rNta^J bi- tli* 
JawEih RaLJef au4 POHUwracti^ w t* 
£DLl1juiJOhi It Waald ]»b li^pA^Jhte 
ta ieod tfelw-oea 1.Ul4J.W0(I iuid &,* 
flADpOuO bturvinjf faaJdr^u la eutttini 

f*hLjadt.-lj?lfctft Lhrt tbp Earroiiadlof 
CPUltilotf ^r [bib dlalrkt, era prq- 
parLjiiB- 1h.] cpntrllMLUj Ifccdr share dar* 
Jup (he Wflufc t>f NovoDlbSr J^ta lo- 
warn* i be rallof of the awfuJ noudj- 
tloQ of tin' d^rltala war £grfflrer« 
4iUrou.ij, The qSntrtnc Jnc]udo* La 4d' 
dLllun 10 PililiidfttphlUt the ecualles 
p|£ ll^tra. IkSflia, Cbpctar, Del* ware J: 
Ufl^fl^^r. LOhaaua. l^oht^b. UotiUi 
^L^uiar}' au-d \ r ^FthaaiDton 4 uadv-T iha 
k'autfmE fth^Enauuslilp of 1>K Vyt-j* 
AdL^fp ttf PLLladi'tplLjn, The ^Llldi ; 
Ihu* rjLisftti will hn dtu-poratHi thruj 
tbe JuJut ItJHtrJfaucloQ CiHiHiiE-LLm*. 

"DISEASE AND STARVATION IN POLAND Lieut. Wright Tells of Half Starved People 
Clad in Rags BREAD OUT OF LEAVES Says 6,000,000 Face Death This Winter Unless 
Given Immediate Relief ... 6,000,000 Face Death ...Six million Jews in eastern 
Europe face death during the coming winter," 

Lebanon Daily News (PA), November 11, 1919, page 2. 

No. 68, November 1919 


| Says They Were 
the Worst Sufferers In War* 

Fftllx JL Warburg, Chairman of the 
Joint Distribution Committee ot Amer- 
ican Funds for Jewish War Buff ere rs t 
Who returned several clays a^o from a 
trip to Hhirope for that organisation, 
made public yesterday some of his find- 

*' The successive blows of contending 
srmica have all but broken the back of 

European Jewry/* he said, "and have 

reduced to tragically unbelievable pov- 
erty starvation and disease about fl 

) souIh, or baK the Jewish population 
or the earth. 

" The Jewish people throughout East- 
ern Europe, by sheer accident of geo^ra- 
Sy» have Buffered more from the war 
H\ any other element of the popula- 
tion. The potential vitality and the ca- 
pacity for self-help that remains to th^se 
people after the last five years is amaz- 
Iryfcr to me/ 1 

The people are deeply moved by the 
help given them by America, Mr, War- 
burg said, but It would be fatal to lessen 
the emergency aid now while millions 
are in tragic need. The 530,000.000 spent 
by his committee, he said, has fed and 
clothed more than a million children 
and has renewed the hope of five million 
parents and elders. 

#t For more than four years/' he said, 
" the war on the Eastern front wau 
fought largely in the congested centres 
of Jewish population, A straight north 
Alid south line from Riff a, on the Baltic, 
to Salonika, on the Aegean Sea, will 
touch every Important battle area of the 
J&atftern war zone and every centre of 
Jewish population. After the cataclysm 
of the last tqw years it is too much to 
utpect this Jewry to become seif-aus* 
tabling in a short twelve-month," 

Mr. Warburg is concerned over the 
program soon to be started for the dis- 
continuance of emergency relief. This 
plan, he saldj calls for the formation of 
Ik 110,000,000 reconstruction corporation, 

"This organization/ * ho said, tx would 
afford facilities for constructive aid to 
Jews abroad in the way of loans and 
credit at nominal interest ratea. The 
vftjue of this sort of assistance aa a 
aubstitute for pure charity Js apparent/' 

Other relief projects recommended by 
Mr. Warburg Include the establishment 
of an express company to forward 
money and packages from Jeivs in this 
country to relatives and friends abroad: 
the distribution of $120,000 worth of fuel 

In sections of Poland where destitution 
I greatest; the purchase of *3W>,000 
Wftrth of cloth in the bolt whereby un- 
employed workmen of Poland may get 
S.w materi*.!, and a plfch to rtumte 
Ofce Jewish families that have rela- 
tives in the United States and those who 
hAva btcomft sepamted abroad, 

Stj? S«ttr JJark State* 

Published: November 12, 1919 
Copyright © The New York Times 

"The Jews were the worst sufferers in the war. The successive blows of 
contending armies have all but broken the back of European Jewry and have 
reduced to tragically unbelievable poverty, starvation and disease about 
6,000,000 souls, or half the Jewish population of the earth." 

New York Times, November 12, 1919. 

No. 69, November 1919 (compare to article in no.61, here edited for christian readers) 




Site Million Mfn and Women Ar* Dying 
-Won't Vdu Help T lltfn ? Eight 

Hundred Thou at* Ullle Children 

Crr far Bread. Won. Y. u Heed 

rftdanTttetvaea-lfebft. Hlfcihr-H.T OH n. H lil 

Prorn teroe* the tee lit millions men 
end «umQn ci.ll lo ui for tela and 
«iCh.l hundred tnoueanri little rbJklren 
■nryfor reread, 

Thee* rbildreru thai* men and ttonien 
e*e our fdlow-Voemben af to* iiumin 
famile, with the unit Haim on Nfe at 
wi\ Ihe Hint nuicaptioihty to the 
winl^ri enfcl. the aem* prcperhtily Ui 
death before, the fangt of hunger 
VYIIhin Ihem retrae. the tlJimllabEe pee- 
tibilitiri for the Hivanreroent of to* 
hum in r»f^ it naturally would mid* 
In Hi million human bring*. We may 
not be their keeptTB but we oia^hl to 
be rheir helperr*. 

In the fife of death, in the throe* of 
■ tirvttinn then ba nn plar-e for menial 
dlalioctione df rreecl. rrn place forphyiii' 
eat differentiation* of rice. Jn fhie 
cat eat raphe, when pEr million human 
being* arr beinf whirled toward the 
A rare by i cruel ami re Lent let* fete 
only the uiHt iiieiliAtK 1 prompting* of 
human nature ahould away the heart 
and move -Lfie hand. 

Hit million men ind women are dying 
from lie hi of the neceeaerlae of life; 
eight hundred theuiand children fry for 
bread And thLa fete Ki Upon thorn 
through nil trenigreaaloo uf tht? itare of 
Gcid or roan; but Ihrnugh the awful 
lyranny uf wir end i biff led Iiitt for 
J e with blnud. 

Ki'-i* in * milter uf acrldenL; creed. 
pa*lly e matter of inner itanec, per! ly a 
matter of environ men t t pertly on* 1 * 
me I hod nf ret iocina limn; boi our phv i|- 
£aJ winlJi and rorporcel needn ere im- 
planted In ail nf lib by I he hind of Hod, 
end the men or worn in who fin. ind 
wlII nnf, heir the rry uf ihe Pfarvmg; 
whfi rln. end wilt not. teJtc bee J of tfi# 
•WAil of Ihe i lying; who- ran. end will 
not. elrelrhj forth ■ helping hind to 
thoee who Pink benralb the wevea of 
pdtpraily ie en a aot aln uf nature 1 * 
rtnni irmmrrn, n traitor to the caue* 
of Ihe human family and an ebjurer of 
tike neiureL lew written upon the teb- 
1*1* of e*rry Kymto hepri 4ny the fin^mr 
Of Ciijd himself. 

Hu rtklNiun men ind women ere dtine 
-tinof buodroii Ehmiiitid little cnllrf- 
ren ere crying fi>r t»reid. 


Be* iuie of e wer to lij Autoermer i" 
ibe duel end give nenseeru; the 
eoeptre of tht- Juit r 

And Jn (hit wer t qt rlemoeTtxj ^00,000 
JiwLfth lui| from the United 3tit« 
fought bfneith the Sttn end 
HtrTpee- In the 77th CKTl*ion aJpne 
tberV wpre H,000 of ibem, ind In 
Argonne Koreet thli divUion c into red 
H Carman goni, Thia thowi tnit il 
Arvonne the Jewteh twji from the 
U tilled SUtee fo^ajht for democricjr n 
Jofhui foufht effiirut the Ammlekitee 
on the pliini or Abrehem- In ui id- 
drni on the io-cilled "Ijml BatteJIon/ 1 
Mbr C^tonal Whlttieeey of HllitliM, 
Uijor-Gflneril Aleiindef iiowi the 
nghljni ilorT theee J b with L«uf« were 
mede ol- J n iom i w tr or e notht r W h it - 
Unty'i ronnund wee iurrourrfed- 
rhey were ihori uf ration*- They tried 
to get word both lo the feet- tell Low of 
tboTrDlLght. they ttied and they trfed, 
bot iHrJr men neyoTfoMhrotiflh, Per- 
ilyeii *.n& etipefertion en4 deipeir 
were in the iLr. And when the hour 
pee darbeet ajod all aeemed loeU a 
lakher t*/J itepped fo-rward, end «akt to 
UoL. WhitOeaey: '[ will try to «e1 
]throLifh. ,r He triad, be waa wounded r 
lie bad to creep end crawl, but be got 
through. Today be wean the Dkatin- 
[uiahed Service Croat ind hi* name in 
Abrahim Krvtoehlnaky 

Beoiuar' of thli war for [democracy 
■fm million Jewjih men i.nd women are 
itatrJng oerott the aatt r eight hundred 
tbouttfld -fowkh bifalBi ere erring for 
brppd. Jn the name of Abrahim krot- 
fwbfnaky who lived the 4H Lmi BiiJiJ- 
IflfL** Jn the naisa of the on* bundred 
arid nlrrt^f -nine otber J a with boy* who 
fought for Jfrmoeracy benOitb the 
Slan tiaj Strip** won't you giro cop- 
per, or tllrer, P*" *oWi ^ k **P lif* in 
Che heart of rb**e rnefi end thaaa wonan; 
to keep blood in the bodfee of theee 

In ihe ewW-war the Jew bat helped 
c very I Kid f hut Lb* J ew " "Ow there ' " 
br b*lMd ipc Rod Croaw, tti* V. M. C. 
A.„ \h* Knl«hii &t toJombua, tba 
Mm»nt r the Sedition A'^J and every- 
boily elao- So n«w i* Jime fur ebery- 
body iq h*>[|.i the Jew. «r>if G*1 know* 
now k« ihi" time b* needi it. 

From out of the gloom of ttrii *ar 
ovrry other rate, etwe ont o>r two, bat 
■nncched * riy of icuithlne. Hut embd 
thr enr ire ting gloom I her* La nn light 
for fhr Jaw "in Jeid chou mo on. " 
The war k over foe everyone, but the 
Jew. The knife la arJJI it faL throat 
and an unreiionlng end unreaaonable 
centuiy-oJd lutt for Jawiob blood open* 
mi veicaj- The Jew in Eotanania, 
Poland and tikrpindi 4a being mad* the 
arapaflfoal of thr war. Since Ihe 
■rmiiLirp haa been aignad thnuiindi of 
Jewa in Uaroinlo been unTarad up 

a* living ■ acriflcaa to dla^olieaJ gread 
and femtkal paaalon— toalr throat eat. 
their' bod tea rended limb f rum limb by 
■Jaataln bandi and rabid tobdkry. In 
the ally ol ProektinorT one day a few 
wpaki ago th* dawn taw the door of 
every houte wherein lived e Jew mark- 
ed aa a thimble* for ■laughter. For 
four dart, from funriae to aunaat. fa- 
natlce plied ihe dagger like den mm 
from hell, itopping uolv to eat wltn 
hand* adrtp with the blood of Jew iah 
vlcllmi. The? iitlad the men; (hey 
were kit mere if ui to women, Thee* 
thcr violated, end then ther kfltad. 
rYom a purpote to a fury, from ■ furr 
to a habit wv% ttabe killing of Jewi, until 
wllhm four dija Ihe itreeta of pro*- 
Icunoff pan red with blood I iky gotten 
of a eledghtar houat, until lit homna 
-Lf-'amu a morgue for (hoLtimda of 
aliugbte ted human being* wboa* gaping 
woondl ^rini uut for vengeance irnl 
wboa* eye* had turned to etond at the 
horroti thpy bad teen. 

SJl milSitm mmn ami Women of Ihe 
rare thii helped do the ainraleet of tba 
worUV work are t*Vn& Info the gravel 
Your hind pen help ana orh tbim bark! 
Won't you help? Blgiit hundred f hour- 
end babiea of the fa*»* that helped ui 
Chriitiina build the (*bernai-l* of l>t- 
anocracy are crying for l^rpad 1 Won't 
you feed them' 

Aad no foe what the lew ii and what 
the Jew hat be»n d far what the Jaw 
hat done In the lonjT'iaTrt arid wblt tbe 
Jew did in ihe world war, in tbaname 
af te*) bneaanity of Mna>e* h m the name 
of tba Divinity of Cfcriit, vui'L you 
aanettfy Bom* of your money, won't 
you put a halo around iome *f your 
gold and aiUer by gifiiig aometuanf 
no matter how lUcle lo Ibe raatMlng 
men end women, tbe atarwanaj etttle 
ehlktran of t h* race that alaaott aiooa 
from the daya of Uoaea to the day* af 
rhntt, and aide by aade wllb tba Cfcriev 
tlana from the diyi nf Chrlat PftUI tOj 
day. bad patiently and peravtevlJy Mid 
lay atone ujjon itonw In taw Taewplwwf 
Damoeraer that paw crowna tba hill of 
human enoeafor and anewen the prayer 
of human aaplratJon. 

To that Temple of Demotr»*y, wbb-b 
lawtr fethen Reload build, mil whieh 
tbey helped uti, abc a ill ion frnrlebed 

and wa 

wocp»p new turn mole ^t*^ of 
a%tat boalred tboutand atarr- 
hag ehiUrvn atreWh -wii b»l arhlntr 
bendt for help. 

What Will the a rawer be* 

"Ufa 11 or " Death r 

We. Afattka! OH*, tad ttouatweg 

Hear »ol Taw cry, §mf few aaypiaj^ 


"Six Million Men and Women Are Dying... Won't You Help Them? ... From across 
the sea six million men and women call to us for help ... in six million human 
beings ... In this catastrophe, when six million human beings are being whirled 
toward the grave by a cruel and relentless fate ... Six million men and women are 
dying ... Six million men and women are dying ... Because of this war for 
Democracy six million Jewish men and women are starving across the seas ... Six 
million men and women of the race that helped do the greatest of the world's 
work are falling into the grave! ... six million famished men and women now turn 
mute eyes of appeal ..." 

Gouvernur Free Press (NY), November 12, 1919, page 1 . 

No.70, November 1919 


Bright Prospects That 

Lebanon Will Go 

Over the Top 

QUOTA IS $15,000 

Six Million Face Win- 
ter of Starvation and 

Volunteer worker ft In the Jewihh 
Jtetiet Cturipalaa. report" being well 
resolved thrtiUEhtfut the city, attd 
prospetitu ire growing iteadlly 
hrlfhter that Ui« effort will go over] 
thu top tvJth el buma. In *peakla£ 
of the prcjact today, Msuiricu 
Shapiro, tho Executive Secretary 

The purpot* of tble Carnal en li| 
to rata* filMOQ'QQQ throughout the; 
United State* ror the Immediate re-[ 
Ucf of tha more than fljOOo.&ftft Jeva 
and other natJfiiialitles fn tho war- 
etrlckcn countrtea ot Europe. They 
fac c a dreadful winW Of death by 
starvation and *old iinkii America 
helps. Tlite fund t B twin* ralaed, 
through a Bcrlog of State and Di*-, 
trto J 'drlvea N# tliroii snout tk» couu-. 

tLbanon County** ah are lit * tC- 
000* 7*Ji1fl amount to hew to rai^ 
fiy. an appeal to tli ft entire communi-, 
I; 1 fn Lebanon county: | 

TJjitii July li'lfll&i the American, 
Relief Administration had b*?n 
Ji^lploe; to relieve the terrible 000- 
dJLIonfi abroad. On that date the 
Cn mm totem offlfllally ofl&Eud to ealeL ' 
lleiief work for to* ahildren l fi be- 
in* carried en by Herbert Ho ore* 
through the American Relief Ad-; 
ministration Children* Bureau. TKH 
En r can ta receiving money and active 
to-o^a ration from the Jewish Reltef 

fi£tt»*l**v I 

America la the only country whSoh 3 
lha groaL war lion not. HDrtously af- 
Touted* In the nearly five yeaia of 
world efrlte, hai** yem* for instance- ; 
lipon hungry or cold because of any ] 
r-oed gf owing out of the war? 

In tho fm me. at In the pauL the) 
money will he handled by the Joint; 
Distribution C m nut tee . R em-swa- '• 

f tartly at the ground and can bw 
conditions a* they are. 

Contrast ma iiappy, welt-fed, w*U- 
rlafl r weU-eared-for llf& of your own 
lit u ft boy or g*r] with the Pairing 
meM ll*nie1ei» h Ija-raftfofari ir*n* 
derer of the u&oi& ago on the fttr&otu 
or war-etrteli&n clUea, and anevar 
for ytfuraelf. For the nrlce o'f tt 
tea cream sod el you can buy a ten* 
^■fra-rHMrt bo"y moro food than he haa 
had frt one t1m e for the past HvO 
yen re j 3 change of dotal nc may 
save a boy or girl from the terrible 
.typliUB epuUiulc now i^fiing thri|* 
f>Ut tb0 devastated countries* Tblnk 
tuese facis over when tout little boy 
or flrl greets you as you Bo home 

Oreat nnaatitie* of wheat, eon* 
denaed milk; meats, ollt apd fat( P 
el^tbing, ftboea* boots, and medical 
siipspliea. enoughp in fret, to (1)1 t*v* 
*rftl eteamera, bave albady go no 
oversea* ami o^ber cat^e'w are to 

Von are f, your brotUor*e Tcb&pot. ■ 
ltecaufie your own little hot ot sirJ 
^s tunpi* Med, woo W rou t^A a 
deaf ear to the ory of the ttnr be^ 
par on tUe street* who pleads for 

la Tiew of thla.tbe people of 
J^haaen County are aaftetj to do 
their utmost to help reach tfri 
*-•-» — rv 

"SEC. SHAPIRO ON THE JEWISH RELIEF DRIVE ... Six Million Face Winter of 
Starvation and Death ... 6,000,000 Jews and other nationalities in the war stricken 
countries of Europe." 

Lebanon Daily News (PA), November 21 , 1919, page 9. 

No.71, November 1919 

What Does 
It Mean? 

ft is the symbol— 
the raflyiog cry— of a 
campaign which is to 
begin in Baltimore on 
Saturday of this week. 

A campaign which 
means the saving of 
six mil lion men, women 
and children from the 
most horrible of all 


For nearly six years 
these people have heen 
in the shadow of death. 
They are without food, 
clothing homes*- 
they lack the barest 
necessities of life. They 
arethe Jews of Poland, 
Lithuania, Galicia, 
Czechoslovakia and 

Here is a situation 
where nothing counts 
except humanity. These 
Moldtodes Must Not Be 
Left To Die. 

So, on next Satur- 
day, November '22nd, 
and for (he week that 
follows, men and wom- 
en of every creed will 
unite in the effort to 
raise the money needed 
to feed, clothe and 
house these suffering, 
starving people. 

It*s everybody's job 



War Relief 

22 to 30 

Chairmio Frederick County 



Spate (toHrticrt hy 
Fredorlcle £a>[ng» Si ore, 

"A campaign which means the saving of six million men, women and children from 
the most horrible of all deaths- STARVATION ... They are the Jews of Poland, 
Lithuania, Galicia, Czecho-Slovakia and Palestine." 

The Daily News (Frederick, MD), November 22, 1919, page 8. 

No. 72, November 1919 

What Does ^ 
It Mean? 

It is Ihe symbol — th<*' 

pai£n which is to begin in j. 
Baltimore on Saturday J 
ot" this week, ^aiuial ■■ 

A campaign which 
means the saving; of six" 
million men j women and 
children from ' the most 

horrible of all deaths— 


For nearly sTx ;ars 
these people have been in 
the "shadow of Watti. 
They are without ■ Jrood, 
clothing, homes — they 
lack the barest necessi- 
ties of life. They are the 
Jews- q\ Poland^ Lith- 
uania, Gahcm, Czecho- 
slovakia and Palestine';, 

Here is a situation 
where nothing counts ex- 
cept h ute\ a iii ty . i T H ES E 

So, on Saturday, Nay; 
2 2d, and for the ^eek 
that follows, m&n VariJf ,; 
women of every treed'-* 
will unite in the effort^ 
to raise the money need-, 
ed: to feed/ clothe and 
b o use th ese suff e ri ng 3 
starving people. 

It's everybody's job! 

Jewish War Relief l§ 


22nd to 30th 

Hon. Hugh A. NcNnfl^u 



V*. £l»t>MI< 


"A campaign which means the saving of six million men, women and children from 
the most horrible of all deaths- STARVATION ... They are the Jews of Poland, 
Lithuania, Galicia, Czecho-Slovakia and Palestine." 

Cumberland Evening Times (MD), November 22, 1919, p. 6. 

No.73, November 1919 


Turn for a moment, if you will, from your own cozy lamily 
circle to those 800,000 starving, ragged, helpless Jewish children 
m Eastern Europe, Consider their lot. You'll have to stretch 
your imagination to the breaking point— and even then you 
will not exaggerate the grim, terrible facts. 

Think of ftl- 

AJmoat a million. frniMtut cnfldren robbed of their bMhrfrhM Their 
•anl ahoed is awry. E^er ainca their prattling baby <H=lvh th py have havn mily 
war. Peace to tatm U an utter stranger. Fbr jtirs thousand* of tliprn have 

Twanderidf nfugeea froro. ™n [finding armies. Otht-r thnu.^n[]g are amharnHl. 

None has known a full meat in live jeans. They can't ntcmuiiier wl-Tpz milk 

tsatea Jike-. 

Thish of the long^ dreary daya, with the hunger pao^fe ever gr-£W2ng at 
^ their little dial*. Thank of the terrible endless nights— spent aione and un- 
protected out in the fielda under the £*» or on dirty cciy streets. Thin?! u£ 
Efts rags a2tct the daft and the lack of laving kindness, of the sickness and the 
ffirTeriagaBd the heartaches ol myriads of little Lota "out or their u*n" Jn a 
World puns mad,. 

Cc:i]Jd but u part of the sufferings nf Titfle Jewish children throughout 
Eastern Europs in the past five years be summed up in wnnh the world would 
stand sjflitst. Surely trie heart of the losing God must, be sorely wounded* 
aL What these liitJis onts have been though. 

Knrft £3 a situation where race, ere-ed nationality— nothing counts except 
humanity. It is a hlfit On. the escutcheon of tha humar. rtce. Mortiiri America 
ever clear herself if she permits these conditions to continue. 

Those mnMhjdea of Jewfsli children In Eastern Europe must have food. 
They must have clothing; They must have a decent place to Jive. 

And ther milt buti * little of the cure an-J Ipvinr hiniLiej* that ii the 
birthright at ^ktj chblst horn into thcwtrtld — irf thechitd flf tou: heart and 
of thetc rtumberlect Jewiih children ! 

The first CQfHideraiitm of American Jewry 1.1 to care for the intended, un- 
fed, unclothed— and unloved— offspring of the race across the sea. Ejt it is 

the flrat consideration not only ui Jn,..*, i,,ii i«l Ahwrttti as a uhufe. The 
S^.OOfl-.COO that the American Jew^h \i?iiv\ \\;n,aun,tf# iveetls from th* 
UnliHd Sut«9 this year will go pmuriJy to save <.hx< Jewish childhood abroad. 

'■'>' rM&ri & hori: of !ittl? children] 

Ghafi it ever- he said that frr a fp'i 
*crr illo'.v^d to perish? 


Her* are the facts: 

. With $200 jfDU can save pne child's life In Baateru Birc-pe /or a whole 

Por 120 joq can fe*d one little girl for a muuthj even in Fnlsfcd, where 
food costs twice as rtiuch as it doas hpr? r 

For 25 «nts you fan buy a ten-year-old bgy more food than he haa had to 
eat at one- time txre ths rHtat rive yean 

There art* 6 r 0OO r 0£Kl Jews in Enstena Europe whcim the ^rar has left de- 
pendent upon lis for aid. About GU&OQfl of them are children. 

One chance or ciothea may nave a hpy or girl f roan tfa e Lcrribie typhus <tpi- 
d&n-.ic whtth is raging now in Eastern; Eurap*. 

Poland is full nf children cf eightcr ten, yea™ old, no larger than infant* 
of e f(?w muniha, who ens not WBUt heeayse of lack of food. 

There are hundreds of ilmusandu of Jewi?Ji children in Poland, PakErtii-B, 
CsfcchjvSlovakia, l.iJiuenia, ftoumania. Siberia and thr* Orient, left haloltas 
nnd 3;o-Moleii^b.y the war. ThnusandR of thp-m, unable to #*( into the nTreadv 
oVerrrmvrlenl orphanages, bej^ Ol; tho Streets byduynnii alcepon iheatrfets hv 
nighL And there, but for the grace of Godj goes your own little boy or gjvl": 


'Life for Those in the Shadow of Death* 

This Campaign Begins December 1, For One Week 

WM* PROVOST, Jr., Chairman, Cambridge Building 


"There are 6,000,000 Jews in Eastern Europe whom the war has left dependent 
upon us for aid." 

Chester Times (PA), November 28, 1919, page 15 (this was a full page advert). 

No. 74, December 1919 



For Hrpl Time in Hiicliirj- nf Hjw*% 

Jcwtf Ate Ankinff ^Mber* 

I ^r I Mil, 

A^ffjlph SkUtt IH thy ^'iLL-mJ L-linir- 

mnn for the M drivD" than is Iwinjc RiniJi' 
in Go^cbie emmty fini- the rulh-f uf 
the Jhwj* in eastern mid central Kia- 
ropc h who are atHrvii^ -slili! dyiui? jl* 
n result of tin? Woild Wur, Iron- 
waoJ'a. fihure of the quota cspi^r-Led i* 
SE.aM. ITie Jewish pooph 1 af thi-u rity 
have already contributed linirly oH-e- 
hfllf of th&t silfinuMtp nn<t =ih- ilh^ITIK" 
Ih* help (if 14^0 pcmH-Lu 1 of uLlU'V fnlLhji 
lii th^ eo mm unity In mtHlnir Ihi* IhlJ- 
naici-, Thus for llu Pi wit tlmt hL the- 
talH.t4>irv of their mce, Uie Juwa iilt 
imklhijf help for their jienph' from 
thane wlin ofe not of Lhe]]' awn hLaod. 
They are cloin^- Li 1>c-l-jlllhu .nix mil* 
]ipfi Jewa in eniiterjs mid L'entrnL 

ELIL'ape Dire iieEUJllFy lei "need ijf foud 

ut this mnment. Th&y huve na tliinp 
ta look to, la keep them from H-Ui] 1 - 
v-ntion, except the bread Hue*, &oup 
kitchens mill miJk Htii Liana winch 
AmtrLunn ^cwiab relief uEcnrleH ure 
L'sLnlNLislifUK. P l T he vontLilicma which 
h-rivo left" them? Hturvinjj mi-U depend- 
ent nre nyt of their awn mnkmjr, 
Wur^ which Leak their men, mid :3e- 
fttmyvd thc3r Uada nhd davji^tutud 
the ftghmtrie* In urlifch they hit to 
dwelt for mr.imii'sn, tuic ikwn thciv 
SLOim-ft and drova rttjiiiy of then) to 
foreign Liiiid*, Jh u]qh« t& hlump for 
their pi^dic-ament. The prgblcin of 
A.OtHljUpQ atumsifj men, women iirnj 
litl-lif eUikJren ou^ht t-o bo thy prob- 
h-iti of wit humanity. 

Mr, Skud rr^iy tnl] on you for jl 
■*uIjkv Option Tar thin -worthy ehune. 
Aid Intensive cqnVflHfl hitw heen made 
QjykDHpr tJic* 4 Fe^bh in^plo of Iron- 
wood, JLkh] di3tLu,li^iL3. will be rt'cyiv- 
e-il fronri nil atl^^-4 u-bu may wi^h to 
coh tribute. It in impDB^able thnt an 
n-ppynl ho dcjcrvinj* and el ill-^i] so 
presfiLnp; wLI] btt unhiHnlii4] by the 
Lhiij-ituhly inclined people of Iron- 
wuiaj, Sarhj your diK-k for the; 
amount th»t yau f au] you crin affunl 
Lo Air, Skuil ti?U4iy P or wfb<I the mcni- 
L^y to hiK itflrt>, U-l it m»t be ^ui^l 
tlml: ,J lL'onwafH3 foil cIuta-el 11 bh iIll- Tunt- 
ttT of irLviiirt relief tq amy p u op| V| 
Jew civ CentLle fc wIi-d Kuffurui] b^'unHe- 
af th-e flovji-ftttttioiiH of th-t- IVuvhl 
Wur. ITiw iJewta hsvc j^tven llhcfc'jLlly 
Ish help others \. thty have ^om- tfiL^ 
In ndilittan to sending Tulief to- their 
f>wn pea^]( for nwrJ>' liv*: yt:Lirs r 
T]iey did thin freely jliil] jrlutlly, aL* 
they now untc oLhens — for iha fir*t 
time— to p<ivo help to thcii [K»opli>. 

Thirty-fivd mil Hail dollar.R will 
save lha .Tew^h mki^ In Pahtijd, Li1h- 
Luiifcia, llouirriji]iJft F Ciwho-SLu^kiaL, 
Pui]eatine p Eitierrft iind the u^iciH front 
starvation durirw; the flirttiicip year. 
Far this rentals thy Je-^-i ure natiisju: 
help fof their ptpple from you. The 
News Retard d«u not bcKave that 
V<nu wit! turpi deaf e&n to thair up- 

"For First Time in History of Race, Jews Are Asking Others For Help. ... They are 
doing it because six million Jews in eastern and central Europe are actually in 
need of food at this moment. ... The problem of 6,000,000 starving men, women 
and little children ought to be the problem of all humanity." 

Ironwood News Record (Ml), December 6, 1919, page 9. 

No.75, December 1919 


Measure Are Uader Way For 
Relief of Bix Million Suffer- 
ers in Europe 


Ten Million Dalhir Campaign Ie 

Bolng: PlaimGdl to Wind Up 

Year's Work- 

ers w y o rk , Dec;, l £ .— T Ji K] ]■ t: \ na rfc - 
al>!i; iTjiy lit which Mio a dim: Try ha« re- 
KpOUcioO lu -iho <rry for relief tvorn 
the Mfil>i*>0& Hturvinff Jen-Mi jieoplfi 
of Etatarn J^nr-on-p^ jzH *>IidyiTi \i\ cl re- 
port matJfl pub Ik. by JItfiiry II, .RoBon- 
felt p dire*; tor *>C -LLi-g A rricriciUL.- Jewish 
RejIeC COnimtUcp, vchkh Lias win pie- 
tad campaign in about. ftttW. ot \lus 
slates of the Union, ' 

ir^r Uin iim tlmfl iti the 1 115*0 it of 
m n ri^*.vj>>ii nt^ p Jptv jini {.s-onLih* 
worked tii^ln ijy ^i^ ti-^jg ye*iv to ftltrv 
vLnic the intT-n^iL ?tij ffe; t'trss oC mil Lions 
oE Jews thrpiijHiQut ..15awtevfi l^uro^ 
Amprlcasi Jtwiy hinl borne alone the 
lisavy hi-jrrifln *r earing rur Mi^ir *ui"- 
Ce-rinF hi nam on In lha eastern -war 
KOha ihrDugrUouL Hie fflui- y&fnrs e-r 
^var r but with tllO &iguin£: i>£ Lh* «r- 
lUiaUcfi, tho Lflrrlble condition or Hust- 
ftrn lEurape&Li Jena disclosed, prgrcfl 
too herculean r. list for Llio Jawa of 
tUlft ooumlry to a-ti^mst lo carry si out- 
So C&ntile joined ™-ilh Jeiv suicl Mies 
Sratllyin^ resttits of! itijg mCQt radlc*il 
AtipiVture from J&w^h. irBetUlonF, is 

Find (ho lgii v«iftii?ais'n< j 

Will S*>c Hlui}- Lives. 

PaL-cliaec of thitf *v&su. iiuhhtuy of 
"vipthm^ ivlilcli the joint fliBlriJaiil-iim 
wmm(u?o ie mjir vuii&Edcrms; -will 
infftn savins: ilio lives ot tnous*imte 
Ot cllJIftCQIU a.5 u-oll wa aclnlLH, -\fllg Will 
i?e el von irnmcrflaLn protoclioit against 
the Tenter, 1-Ton ry II. ft^cnfelt, dlrtc- 
t-pt T c?r Lhfl ■ ■ AiH?rJG£UJ -l^SiVluh l^lief 
Commit t-£p* announce^ i^knb. i=i±t-kcr> 
In nidi liable, o-iviphufrizcri iLiii "this Js 
Uifj only rluuice "nils winter io ai.'fl 
Kiev 4-iicl Us surromuliLiE IcrrHory-"' 

Bseausn of the upporUinlty Iv de- 
liver trip i;lQtliin& at ori^s l.o p l^irilgiry 
ivh^re ji, i=5 ^*p spi'^lj- hFcdetfr JiFr- .rtDN- 
i?nfeU doclardrt ihl» ic ond of Itir- nm>st 
kDiporlant taeayur^i over undorinl^ti 
in thlx y*ar h s reii*f ivork in JS&strrn 
Europe. Included in tlio ^u]3plicti arc 
70,^00 pair^'or ^hocy, vTilcb ivoulcT be 
^Jslribittad n i airily mm one tlu h . *:hJl- 
rjf#n. . ^'liu iiro hJl .p['a<;(kalL,v l>asc- 
[ fooL 

"K*iioL"t ot I>b«ut^ Sinitli. injlilary 
attaclie 3t Kiev, jueTic^LLFri [«ri-iij|n 
conaitions/' LwtiL I5i>ok^i L i:^.o(ctL 
"If in On « y confii<i^i l nlioiT i^ ujo £L J ttflt, 
oould . puteh*ise part uf OLfptJliflfj *U- 
thotr^fh .a hundred lime** ili^ii uuiounL 
jj* n*tded/ fc 

The ereit demands ■PT^flr ^ison_^^^ 
ojornmlttc* lo lid?. Lli« *j^000/J(K) ttitiH^ 
jtngf.j^Fe^.T&F the ivIhUt* and. lite on- 

orTi-tous .amdnflt o.C i-eliftC TtfdifLi Al- 
ready a »?c g mp lish ed^ ■ *rfi rapid ]f d.^- 
]>lei.ins tlis wrrumtLcs's Irea^ury.- *r- : 
rwrrtins-U> Mr. Tloa&nf*Jt- whJcIr imolLes 
iinperatiTo L;omp]«iinf alt- statu VEini- 
paifns of M1*? Arnftrlcaii je^J5]i IleJIef 
CajiimUEoft bv February. Fun (it raie&d 
fi-cpnn L^ocli -lews unci Gentiles \so fni- 
tllls 1'ear in Jialf the stutc vf tht:"L r nioi» 
tutuL o%-eL" Sll^[>ft h Ciuft. ivhilc n\-^\- 
^B.tlOO.OxlO 1»h^ licfn ipeLiL in SHstefij 
relLcf flinch tins i>utbre^k ot f.Lie war. 
Mr, RosenfeJt ^dded. 

n is planned to wind up tit Is year's 

iSflTiV Xofk i.-H-y, whose Htjccesaifij I ki i - 
ni initio Hk is vital (r nuyess^r^- tu iii^uvo 
CQmiilcLion Lff Lht Eastern L>uropeiLti 
[■tEicf proeraiT^ J1j\ HostnTrlL W?kit|. 

of Six Million Sufferers in Europe ... 6,000,000 starving Jewish people ... 6,000,000 
starving Jews ..." 

Charleston Daily Mail (WV), December 18, 1919, page 15. 

No. 76, December 1 91 9 (In a Christmas Eve edition Jews placed this advert) 

Millions and Millions of Human Beings 

Are Suffering the Tortures of Disease, 

Hunger and Death- They Must Be Saved! 


Homes — 

O'er the entire counfay jm jnd napping;, will 
reign supreme. The ^rtile will bring tuitli 
gladness and the family will gather about the 
festive board where plenty of food h;is been 
prepared for the occasion. My! The children 
will be the happiest of all when (bey receive 
ttieir gifts-— a day to rejoice — a. laud ol plenti. 


'"Cher-there" — million;, of iimnCtfiH people jre 
starving; and freezing with ilia cold— atnio^i j 
million children i ebbed of then birthrlghi 
Ever since ilieif prittiing bahy daj ? they h.iu- 
only known war. Peace lo them b an uiiei 
sfranpr. Think of the ]wg shtaiy dais, with 
the hang*] pangs ever giuwink ill their hlllc 
viiab. Ah — (.is- a pitiful sigM Shall Uie^ 
children perish 3 

Turn for a moment, if you will, from your own cozy family circle to 
those 8,000,000 starving, ragged, helpless Jewish men, women and 
children in Eastern Europe, Consider their lot Youll have to stretch 
your imagination to the breaking point; and even then you will not 
exaggerate the terrible facts, if you were there. The sight is frightful! 

Today Six Million Jews Are Facing the Darkest Days Ever Known 

In the History of the Race 

Irs die devastated countries of Poland, Galida, Rumania, Lithuania and Palestine. The 
pitiful plight of these poor unfortunates in no fault of theirs, industrial race and innocent 
victims of circumstances. They ]\&\e undergone the dreadful war which Iras already 
claiincd millions of them — they are passing to the great beyond — a case of life and* 

i his frugal race of people who kne ever Wen dVprW of all means n{ support are now 
dying by the thousands for want of food and shelter. Americans— Ted blooded, chari- 
table, humanitarian Americans of eveiy religion and ueed ate asked to join with their 
Jewell brelhem in savmg-tW human \k&> and irrnrdyiritr. the h orrible conditions that 
now exisL 


Give as much' as you can possibly afford. Remember the most beautiful thing ih life i; 
charity- — and money is only good for the happiness it buys. What better u se could vou 
put your funds to than tavuag lives. 

lo iieip feed the hungry and clothe the nAed «tid freezing peoples who have su/fered 
the hardships and brutalities of war? Be ready when Ihe solicitor comes next Tuesday— 
Open your heart and your pocliethoot — Give! Give?! — they are pleading. 

A Humanitarian, Non-Sectarian Drive, Tuesday, Dec 30th 


"Lite for Those in the Shadow of Death' 






Publicity Dbector 






JtJlXfb hKbDC Bb'CkbU 
tHM£j k. CUHTIN 

^gjra3«Bl W*™<.^ltjBJ jgHjHm 

XALsHICfc HOt-h"l 1 LK 
if. I . SOLOMON 

"Today Six Million Jews Are Facing the Darkest Days Ever Known In the History of 
the Race." 

Lima News (OH), December 24, 1919, page 3 (this was a full page advert). 

No.77, December 1919 

flH'WWfti!fl;*iii*!n:Btffli2ii;piiii uiHiiiiiHiWHiWHiifiifiihimiiitiriihiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiifliiir KiuiiiiiHiHiiRiiiiiiiiiiHiHiiiiiigiiiiKffiiinnitaiimiri^ 

* - JS 

Suppose You Had No 
No Roof Over Your 

And suppcie your ■wife and children were withfrut fwd 
+ or dothlnc, were ill an d bclpJcs.^- Hem- wnulrtYQU feel' 1 
There *rt thousands Qf [Jewish famines In Euiopej whc:*^ 
only home is a rude cart opn:'n to the snows and rains. 
TheymuFrt Face the wintry bEaats without hope of medical 
aid, without heat, without ahetwr; yes, without food, mi - 
less the people oi America help thjefri. Von would not let 

Home But a Wagon 
Head But the Sky 

anyone near ac hand suffer such tortures. Surely, the 
fact that these people with hearts and feelings Just like 
yiHir t^wn, are- separaLed from jrou, must not l*4*4n yOuf 
empathy- There i:i only one thing you can do to help 
them. You can but GJVE. This ia s trifling sacrifice. 
Who cannot spare something for those who have nothing 
at all? 

Six Million! Human Beings Are Suffering the 
. Tortures of Disease, Hunger and Death 

in the devastated countries ol' Poland, Galicia. Rumania, 
Lithuania and. Palestine. The pitiful plight of these poor 
unfortunates ia no fault of theirs^-they are theinnooen'i 
victims- of cErcunntflncea— a [tannics^ industrious, and a;: 

a rule *" 1 i : ;; u i race of people who have been deprived o.E 

a]] meana orsuppoft and are now r dying by the thousands 
for the want of food and shelter. Americans— rod-blood- 
ed, charitable, hitma^itari&ri American H of every lelie^on 
and creed are iisketf to join wfth tl«ir | Jewish brethrenl 
in saving - these liuinjm lives; and remedying the horrible 
conditions that now exist. 

Open Your Heart—And Your Pocketbook 

Give a«rmu£h money a¥ you sail possibly. afford. Re- 
member the most beautiful thing' in life is charity — and 
money is only good for the happiness it buys, What bet- 
ter use tOuld you put yuur funds to than saving lives, 

fcedine: thchuntrry, Nothing the naked and freezing peo- 
ples who h;ivf KLiffc; m\ the hacdslups and! brutalities oE 
war? Be ready f or ll ie solici cor when he comes around to 
see you ^hia week — open your heart and your pocketbook. 

Be Prepared to Give When the Salesman Calls 

Campaign Now in Progress -Closes Friday, January 2 



i :jl D_i:^£ 

J C WISH lXU££t?Jt 

P !j.i^* 


HON, JOHN M. KlLLITS, Hononsry Chau-man 

L. S, 0TTENHEIMER, Vice Chairman 
M.n.COHNp Secretary 
R, B. CRANE, Treasurer 




"Life for Thune fa th$ 
Shadow vf ttoitli" 


Thi» S-ptiijT. Cuaififmhtf trt ttm Ji'trtxh fit-fief Cftnunilim by 

I i".# / Am .;jr-i-l?i' ■■■. m Cn 

LmJ:» d Xacb LV. 

3 .\r- H.ul .-. I!> Cn 

J-A-.M-«rt*fifcrAlitii* Cm. 

Ttiw Anlnn^ (TnJil n-\*.y W Cm, 

i--n-ii-.i:-ii ir-i: 

»illBHBiiiaiHi|E:-:iiriiEiin-iiP i "in :n in- 11 !!- in >li "in =■■= li-ii'-iiiJiiaiiriii iniji !imiaiiHiiuii'iii«iii9iiaiiBiiHiinifliimi«iAiiP iiiviiFiiBiiBiiHimmniniiMi^ii. n. i iiniiitiitiiiiainniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiNiiii^ 

"Six Million Human Beings Are Suffering the Tortures of Disease, Hunger and Death 
... American Jewish Relief Committee" 

The Toledo News-Bee (OH), December 27, 1919, page 11 (this was a full page advert). 

No.78, December 1919 


^— — ■- ■ ' ■ »■■ 


Executive Department 



Nob* (Offered more s*w*ly during tfca *ar, none more pat- 
iently endured the bardsbipa under oppression and invuaioD tha* 
did tie Jew*. UturalJj- tiarved, unclotbed and unsheltered. *lth 
oooesimtee dented them to deliberation, they have been driven 
*]moHL desperate, 

We have nated th* eoniriboUon to the advancement of oivili- 
tatJon and metMiial prosperity o£ all nation* on the earlh by the 
j*w(hIi pwpJe, and know further that none have beep more pal 
rloirc, mow liberty iorine and ntor« ready to sacrifice for the cause 
*;f liberty and In behalf of justice. ^^^ 

It lis evaluated that todajr id ore than atx mi J Hon old men, wo* 
men and children are actually atarvln* to death in the war ridden 
nwntriU!, overseas, and that thalr ouiy r*li*f can como through the 
Ki=n<?roflUy of tlitj American fqodJe. 

Tbe American Jewi&h Relief CaaaailMee (s cevotlo*: Ha entire 
limn, imykt and fundi toward the llTtta« o: miaery and dlitraaii 
wlH-roifCr found Jn any of the war ravaged countnee of mo old 
vi or id wlthonL any regard to nationality or rcllcsoaa creeds and is 
,%i »nawa« tb« nrat general appeal ll»t a Jewlbb ^J***" «™; 
■.lade of the American people. o*vtn£ set uidc the «rt from 
jS?lday? uSmbfr 2*lh to Friday, January 2, for a campaign for 

iti lids In tb.ii> fiUtc. , „i-t„* «r 

I, thctetore. Jaw** M. CO*, Ctovcraor ot Ob>o, ^ -virtue .of 
rb* juta^ity vested in tie by tbt coast Itution and. under jUw ( ^» 
t .f the iUto, *lth full knowledge <i< the leabn* ^k* ?™1*2?J{£ 
bean* oT ci«r cWteus *bd repeated demoMtratlon of /jeteroeity 
vitliin tin* *tat*. dcMeoate officially the p«riod from 

Pridiv December 36tn. to Friday, January 2, AH Jewish fteJlaf 
Wprk , Ml^sSte of Oblo. and r*aprctfully carl upon all the poopl* 
71 iTtheir respective communities to vrftanue forces 
aad Hid ui hi* worthy movement, 1 appeal to mayor* and munlci- 
vttXJ™ lirotfuS. Cto *•* to lend of their he* la every *»- 

JAMBS m COX, Governor. 
HARVHY C. SMITH* Secretary Of State 


"None suffered more severely during the war, none more patently endured the 
hardships under occupation and invasion than did the Jews. ... It is estimated that 
today more than six million old men, women and children are actually starving to 
death ..." 

Lima Times Democrat (OH), December 27, 1919, page 2. 

No.79, February 1920 




Turn for a moment, if you will, from your own cozy family 
circle to those 800,000 starving, ragged, helpless Jewish children 
in Eastern Europe, Consider their lot. You'll have to stretch' 
your imagination to the breaking point— and even then you 
.will not exaggerate the grim, terrible facta 


A^mwt * mlltian inonccnt nhJillren rotted of the!/- fatjthfririiCl Their 
E/Pld JHHd is awry. Eto mace (heir prattling baby days tfiey aahreTaOWft truly 
War Fraare to thehj b an utter s&anfleT. FOf Tear* ihouuaiidr; of thorn' hB^e 
wandered .Tjtogccri ficm to-ateading anniea. Other thousand* are- iirpiiarird. 
?ianr hna lciOWy a f _i3l mea: in f^e yeftTEL The* can'L rcmpnbDr Vhat mlJfc 

the fLrtt conaMfcniticHi not o*i!y tjT J*wit, hat a* America u a lriiote. Uw 
SSCO&OyDM that Ibe American .Tnri.ii RrHttl Committee needa from the 
tin it id States thii year will go 

Shall 11 evtf be ::;;Lii Hat 1 
flf.en; alLnTved to perish? 

iJr to save the Jewikh childhood abJoiH, 
* toff pBi&7 dollar* ft h-Mt at lisile children 

Thmk erf tha long 1 dreary iaya, with the hunger pangs trer Enawinjr at 
ih?ir ffith vj^la. TbiTi* of the,tolriate erjlles? mFlife— anent alorae and nra- 
Pfbtoctod out In fee fieab imder the Btara or on dHy ^ strict* ThJok of 
thft ra^g and. the d:rt and the |*ck yf loving kind hem, of the eLikneSS and Ule 
suiTering- and ine aeartacheii af myriada of little tola Hl chj; nn their own 31 in * 
woH'd gone Hiad. 

^i 1 ^ ? P«* of Um BuJfejinrt of little Jewfcsh riiudrtii thioflglwut 

LaSLerci Ei^cp* it. the pOSft Evo yean be Summed up era words th* a-oild WC*iH 
rand B*haat. h-jrely Um heart of the loving Crad hibe* be sorely wounded, 
ax waa: thess lntle onea have been tfiTPuglL 

Here is a situatloa wlerc men, croad natJohalily— nothing ooural* except 
nvn-igriity. It is a blot on th? otovitobefln of fee homsn race. Nor ran America 
eue^^learH^nwlf ii ahe p*muh$ thew conditions En cMiti'mif. 

ThrHH multisidea of Jewiih ehil^reu in E&zLtm Eutop* rno* hay* f nciri. 
Thfl? aart tra^c clr>Ji:n.f . Thej Muat lui^e a decent place to ]Eve. 

And taty tomj k.x fl M ][trie of Ui^ u n *rd Jorinn; fctudn*p* dhat Ei tiir. 
vMul&t oi ct*tt child Inn Jotu ill* wadd — af Ui^ rhild *f r-«jr kpirt nQ d 
cf tiieie niuuL±k-li=rF J^twmI] cailrfreiiE 

The CratcOTaHtf HtiOh tot Amcrienji Jewrj- 1b to car* fflj the [Intended un- 
fedj uiwlotned— and nalpvod— offspring rf the raflfl schib the jit^. Hut iL ia 


. Here are tie facta l' 

With. JEW you km Bft^e obo ehUdTa life In intern Europfl for a 'whVa 

Fnr E20 ymi earn fr*-d «1S little girl tor * month, flTflrj' b POlflUdj where 
food C'Ddb twice an much, an it d W-S beTe^ 

Far 25 etn(a yp« ean buy a tBD-year-akl bay mnrq food, thao he has- had to 
cat Ht one time for tie past bie yrafn> 

Thete are ■ H|Je.w? fn E*Blem E J Jraye whnm the Wax aas Jell de- 
PBBdnat Hpon aa tor aid. A bant BOOjfliKl of theta are cnildxen. 

One -chaflee of dnthu may acie a boy .or gM From th* terrihL* typhi» epi- 
;:nrn.i! .vhi-.n is ngtBf hCV.- Ln. tantrm Europe. 

•' Poland IS- futl of ehndro» of oifitt O* ten year?, old 1 ,' ao laircr than fjifP-Tlii 
of a tow months, who cannot *aJk twqause of lack «f /nod. 

There ate ha mine Js of thriweaada of Jrwinh children Era Polaiid. FiLeBLmeL 
C^^B-S^vBila, Liu-janJa, Rrramsnfs^ Siaerfa and the OrinL loft heltleaa 
and hemeleataby tho war, Tbouaand* nf theai. -ujiahte to tet Into Lh-n alreadT 
mMcmdsd jDtpMHM oejr oa the 3t™^bi. ds^yand ifcepoti the ifcrwfcbv 
raight. And ,nere r but fur Lie grire of Ltod r gpw yodtf vim little boy Cdr gttfi 


"Life for Those in the Shadow of Death" 

This space contributed by The Elmira Telegram 

™ — * * 


"There are 6,000,000 Jews in Eastern Europe whom the war has left dependent 
upon us for aid. About 800,000 of them are children." 

The Telegraph (NY), February 1, 1920. 

No.80, March 1920 



Thousands pace Wintry Blasts 

Without Sk titer of Food 

on Medical Aid 

"Tlie Jflwft of U4LGin Eli r dug Euffrr- 
q el Kr^icr lumlahhiF* au^t^iln.erl goit- 
er l^ses and have bceti leK in a votei 3 
fcoudmic ccnriiUnn iTimt a n* other p«h 
pie vllbi tH* jK5=?ili1-ft"eKceptton ol itie 
Anni.-DiAtifi, 11 nttOldSUR 4d Dr. Cyrn* 
Adler r natcil Jr-H-Ssli julutELtor, In nn 
Interview £h + eu lUr American Jewlftti 
(tclief commit too. 

There are lUcjusands of Jcrtiak fam- 
II I u in Enrol) ft u p hn*c r>nly 1lhu4 ^ it 
rude cat!- &P*n to Um tmuu-s und ralna- 
Th*y w-i't »ac:n Ifia/Wfttry t) T R9iH wtilj- 
ou i ho|>B iiE me ilicii siiO N wlihout heal* 
-wiLhaut diet lis t wjihoui Feud, nn!w« 
1 Li-u peofrl* of America help iliClii in 
Llieir Inily M^ri^n rthiLnnet 1 . 

ftlX pillion human brtngfi :ive Buffer* 

jtcig ilia tortur** uf ilis^nsc, lumber anil 

tlfliiiti in the tl ova stated coiinrrlea uf 

Pol:uul r Gnllcln, Hmnaiiia,* r*itlMjnni;i. 

iriArJ llestinc- Ui^lit Imtiilrfld (tiOTmnil 

| of iheah" jiii-pr ^hll4lroiip Totohert of iLolr 

tpirthripliL, wliu n*vf>r have 'known 

Iwhiit a square meat looks liltfc or even 

jiiiKles like. They bHYfc Jiever rasierl 

I" mine. U'hey arfl Loo wen*, -thousands 
of them, ^ T on to vrnlfc. Tft&y cannot 
i-iitan a Iiftfifl to help rtiiiiiUi«]y*S- 

■For t|id ttwi time, I he J^frS tfl Ajimm> 

Itca nr& npp^nLh^ in their talh.w fiMI- 

'rrjiH to ml fheui 1ft Ail ^fort In savft 

Uicse linffttluHatw rrntrt huch a hor* 

L-italE iLniLh ThK.Mjsh the Aimerlfnn 

Jpuisli Relfrf oammiitteg a camp*ieii 

h** h**n nr^3riLE*d tG tU3*<? a find of 

135,000,000* eveiy crti* or tflifcji will br 

Client to Inly to&d nn'd clGlhErtg for 

Ihejm desUlule proiile, Ulah lian bun 

risked "lo raise "$70 F (1 00 us It* quoin. 

Slate headquarters have bcun open* 
etl nt thv ftatt Lake Cam mere I al esub, 
vltli DEuSet Alcxniitl^n * sflftta ctiftlr- 
niaii, and Werit/ L. Kine n* (rfltnpalisiil 
director, in Qgden hcadquwrleLS Jo: 
Weber (touniy lift^'b Uehii Q^entiA fit 
tlw Weber club. Saio^fl] C* rJy^ in la 
chu-rgo of the Weber county tanipalgfi 
AUd is' bclii n usslst^l by "a muftbeiief 

r QQ " -■ " 

"JEWS SUFFER GREAT TORTURES IN EUROPE ... Six million human beings are 
suffering the tortures of disease, hunger and death in the devastated countries of 
Poland, Galicia, Rumania, Lithuania, and Palestine." 

The Osden Standard (UT), March 18, 1920, p. 12. 

No.81, March 1920 


MX 1111 

Juwa, atglit Intmlretl thnuftaud of 
I hem ju»t children, are iu iiuiuftiil 
diinger or atflTvatlttil in raitoni 
Tliulr American bretti- 
eru Iimo imdvrtuicn tho lieriu. 
lean tnak of Bating Hit in lliej 
liiue tetmmUd tbat u will r^puro 
ft (ami ot ?J5,000 P 000 to Ltu> 
tbeir poof, cledLitnltt bodita nnj 
tduJfl ro^ctlit-r And betaufiit of 
the enormity of the UA unci its 
Iirenrnj uecesilt),all mces and 
creed* in Amenta nr* tin^ joining 
in ItiK „%JfeI ftork in tliu belnjl 
tlnl wee, creed or national It j 
alionltlnot by flueu in this cry of 
djfng humanity 

The demands of chaill), antl 
tao deumoda for lbcneceBBt tics of 
We, ore many auJ jucraninglj 
larger from duv tu tU), Yet vro, 
la our p|ent>, can fccurcely full to 
licwl flucb « pressing cnll as this, 
a matter of life or dpith, nothicg 

Uudi bus been aaltwl to raise 
870 p OJOof tlda land The 2,000 
Jewa til Utah lime gw*i\it>leed to 
rajfto J22,500 of Ih.g amount, or 
$11 25 per capita* %Invli is about 
$65 for each Load of n Jewisfi 
Family ia Utalu The Jew* ttere- 
(ore, are not ahirklug their bnrduu 
But tbey do need Aomo ubmbUrco 
from their fneudj Thoy Inn 1 * 
given until il Las quit hurting and 
feel* good* 

Stalo Campaign Head quarter a 
have beea open**] in tho Sail Liko 
Conim&rriat Club, aud n «j*tetu- 
atloplad laid out for qui tell) nsk* 
Tair for tbU help From tho udli 
Jew* ot Ibo State. 

Excer^U izotn Letter written by 
Dr, (Major) IL I Da tie to Airs 

I returned to Warsaw after no 
eight day tour of inspection ot 
the Polish bghting front*, cities 
anJ villages behind tbtm, and 
targe centers autsuto nE IVamnr 

My trip waa cxtenatve— 2000 
kilometer*— by ipeaul train* 
guarded bf polish Iroope, Moro 
w* wera thru Wo aeul our firm 
outtd trains, hordes, peaainl*B 
carts, automobile^ ambularrea 
and cor feet 

I «a# the actual Htfbthn; frouU 
ol the Polo*, UolBlierjb* awl 
UkranianB. lUfle iii my band and 
intb u\y 45-Coll In my ovorcoat 
pockftl, 1 Tvttlk*nl (Iiid treik'iett 
and iuord for ttio firat tumi lite 
peculiar tnii^tc of & ttiolt I rodo 
horeoback to thEi farthest tillages, 
viaiLedlho cities at Kuiel, iVm* 
nnl, VWim-ri Vulynnkl, Ureal- 
LUotak, Clietm and as far rott ns 

Wliil I anw ia Wjotid drWri[V 
tion It o\Kr«te)^ jl| I jiofisiliJu 
himlA of tnnymuitNi or dmiins 
uud tfioy ttrp i ften fur futolml 
Wliulodiatritita tirti l>ir«*» nt> ouU 
Ii^hIwI Gttbld t Imiurs buriifHl nnd 
deatrojtxl, wtiolo ottlvs tlpmahfthud 
no boran, tnttlu rind tlm peopt^ 
Goal Ifoil 1 TJitirn ft^ru man^ii!« 
uhen I wmlml I \tns uwwr Iwrti 
to»eo^(mt lil it t*j 

Thoimud* nud iliunsimU of 
olnIJrLJi, oW ni^n and hoiiihi 
witlimit duibtotf, urttuitli ot ftiod 
r uXul bv typtitw f m a utio pUc^s 
half ot tha iMjpul lllQEl IB ftu k) mid 
otiiur ill«ea«cii Wnodcirtt* bj tba 
tboiianjiU tryitif* to fLtuni tu tlioir 
bam Li* from ninth they mm dn* 
H*ix out h\ lla^l-w* or Oertmina 
bttirrmg and djiu^ x\umun ntid 
children del^riutidly rr}lng for 
bnal lluililleil together hi ayij. 

ii^ogues, mm nud ttotneii, all too 
wui£ to stall il up or tno\o about 
pitco^ly stfottliltig tlitir himte 
loniml j on Ami tlmau futt.», tin- 
a^i.ikoJ, lliin^ burning oyiSj \m* 
ltsa f uu«U« !o npprt^jatu mi). 
thing you tuny aiy to tlmiit t onlj 
bLgging tor a pieoe of bread, 

In tho city ol PmBk I saw limi* 
lWlcI^ «f LljiUlr«ii # ^ouiuii mid lj- 

ititites ul bottpttiU who (tkl not 
(jaroo piece of breml for toiirila>» 
Anil the bread tiny aro a»kitii{ 
lot— \ IllHiy mixture of u bttlo 
flour wild birk oFiccta or hav^s, 
BiwJoit nitil QoU kuoifl* vtlwL 

Whatdu Jon think of a diet of 
^ild boreB-trht^tnuh for thoso 
tick lb ill) Ijplit^ or of warm Mlti* 
urlUaliUhcorn moil unxttd with 

It ^afl npijr^itory wbluii I an^, 
but a pugato;y of human crtitlou 
furltviog people 

TIjobo or ptiiKihl children fclowly 
uliriiiig to ikatb, ami our ncli 
yuing a fuw do(Ldr» of their enr- 
pliip It Is a mooktry 

Tbcro tiijro momuitta Mbea 1 
bad to mil away from tbo misery 
and aafT^rin^ Haw I yrleh 1 bad 
plenty mi>uty to at Wat belli 
Item a lllllu 1 ryturotd to Wai* 
■ay ^itiuut i single penny m my 

Enough for this Huns Our 
peoplo rnnat htlji Tbo Holp 
tanBt Ixi prompt, it tmut be goo* 
, eroiiB, U tiiust Lo cootbmgua r or 
woalml! Lavo on onr uinBcbucefi 
tho dealh T liornDlo death*,— Il 
ihoufd bo ditto merciful to kill 
tiitm-H)! tboiiBiulA nimti loon. 
bp iul & of pi ople | 

iisT Htuinmi op 


"Just now some six million of Jews, eight hundred thousand of them just children, 
are in imminent danger of starvation in eastern Europe." 

Manti Messenger (UT), March 19, 1920. 

No.82, March 1920 


Jewry of Nor lit Carol in ft Asked to 
Hive of Their Means to Kelieve ilie 

As a Passover i^ift for the ;ud of 
their suffer in if people in Eastern Eu- 
rope, who are hetfinning thc?ir sixth 
year of sttn v.ition and misery as a, re- 
sult of the tt F ar p North Carolina Jewry p 
imtlti'r the Icsiderahip of E* Stcvn- 
b^rg^r, of frrttpnslioro, will niakc *m 
up peal for relief funds Apr it 4-10. 

Passover, the ft re at Jewish* holiday 
of feasting, ionics during these dato.s p 
and Mr. Sternberg' and other lead- 
inp Jews of the State? considered it 
most appiu^vuii.^ that whil« thsy arc 
v.n joying the huurrtferf of a prosperous 
country, it would be titling to a id us 
much a* within their means P the <v 
000,000 Jews in Eastern Europe, u;h» 
hiive been fftdnjA'" death by starvation 
and rlitiirase fur ko many ye^rs* 

In appfcalin^ t*> prorninEnt Jews 
throughout the State tiskinp them to 
porve ay dniimcn in their cities, Mr. 

"Goi-KHLicnis iii Extern Europe arc 
far worse i*my Lh^Vi they have ever 
been hefore. Six million lows, includ- 
ing over hOHO^OO children, tire en- 
during U'TTiMl* tusiTiTimj ;md mc« fiie- 
ittp" uiimhihiLioji through h\ck uf food 
and disease, 

"A rcpavl to the American Jewish 
Rolirf committee from the ft n rope an 
relief gciwtil states that tyjnhus, raiv- 
injr nil over l*ohind, is affecting 95 
per tvnt uf tht: population ot that 
roimLry ami Uu catena it dcstrLutUpn. 
Rolief funds :ue boUiji lined to %ht 
Uk* torrililn epidemic, hut mvmtf to 
htvk of lncdkini's and rlnthin;? us well 
aa Lo tho iHiclrnicMirkihcHl condition of 
the peojak 1 , it is almost inipciR^ihlo to 
toadtuL i;, ami the report. wLiLte* tlmt 
it thrralcn* all oT KasteiTi Kurcii.c, 

H Ltt iih all join iii dfiiiiM'niuI yrivijiir 
furi' 'rfumrit It* relieve the dire di^ti^s 
uf llit-H! unfortunate pen pic. A miU 
linn .U",vi*!i chili! re n a lmm have heuu 
ftviiii; oa the nne nicvi! a dny thny havi 1 
l*pcu s^'ltiiiif from soap UHtrheEiH* Ma- 
ny id" I In in are invoblc* to walk from 
malnutrition What if our children 
werv MudVHiur lffo> this?" 

Mr. Kitf Pa W;illiu-u m hind lIiiiiiiillui 
foi k Livndncliii^ this niiupuiKN. 

"the 6,000,000 Jews in Eastern Europe, who have been facing death by starvation 
and disease for so many years. ... Six million Jews, including over 1,000,000 
children, are enduring terrible suffering and are facing annihilation through lack 
of food and disease." 

The Landmark (Statesville, NC), March 26, 1920, page 2. 

No.83, March 1920 

pon't Delay! 

A nation U peruhing of 

Ijttle children ore wander* 
f&f about hometeu end dying 
of dneaae and exposure! 

Half of the Jew* in It* 
world face death from Starr*- 1 

■.-■ Ore* efac aailBon Jewa in, 
Mind aad other parfa of 
Eastern Europe arc without 
fame* tad without food and 
without obUiim. 


TU campaign U aonott 
OTK hare. If you have not al- 
ready done your *h*yi> aend 
your contribution without oV 



non icctarian 



No. 5 Hunter BWg. P O*wego. 

Qttly You can Help! 

and you* help nuot conic 

qiii<ikly if it ii to hvl 

The Jewiih Wmr i IWief 
Gtroi»ign «k* of you alt that 
yo*w gtntraiity cui affoid — 
m wtttributioa up accordance 
with your m«n*, 

>; Unit J* not art ordinary ap- 
jtdt hot ax* the ciixuin- 
•Unctc prompting it ofdhmry^ 

"Over six million Jews in Poland and other parts of Eastern Europe are without 
homes and without food and without clothing." 

Oswego Daily Times, March 26, 1920, page 6. 

No.84, April 1920 

■pnwlantaiian bg tit? (Snvmuir 

To the People of Oklahoma 

Naw that peac* is assured the veil has been lifted Lo reveal 
in a measure , the indescribable suffering and privation of 
thoae peoples occupying: the territory lying in the pathway of 
contending armies. This presents a picture so crushing in its 
desolate miserr that it challenges the sympathy of the world. 

Six million of helpless Jewish people— *ged men, emac- 
afced women and piteous little children— homeless, naked and 
Standing In tlie bread-Iiaie of the world % Many have died and 
many more are dyin^ of starvation. EUROPE CAH GIVE NO 

This I* Surely & Problem «f Humanity 

Realising this fact, the Jews of the State of Oklahoma, al- 
ways responding most liberally to every worthy cause whether 

local or national and now seeding to succor their suffering 
brethren, appeal wnh confides to their fellow dtiaens of 
all creeds in ^this great State to aid them in meeting thU vast 
need in. war-stricken Europe* 

of Oklahoma, now 
War Relief Days 
lend an attentive 
in Europe. 

■*?+ * * r J. * ■■»"-. is 

I P J, E, A. Robertson, Governor of tl.e State 
designate April 5th to 12th, 1920, as Jewish 
and call upon the people of this State to 
ear to the cries of distress from the Jews 

hereunto set my hand and caused the 
Graat Seal of the State to be af fixed- 
Done at the capitol this fifteenth day 
of March in the year of our Lord one 
thousand nine hundred and twenty and 
of the State the thirteenth year. 



"Proclamation by the Governor (of Oklahoma) ... Six million of helpless Jewish 
people ... J. B. A. ROBERTSON, Governor." 

The Ada Evening News (OK), April 5, 1920, page 8. 

No.85, April 1920 




JTVTW* 1. 

■ r 

Hr ■ ■ - 

I h I *IT. Jlr-P 

Add Up Your Troubles! 

Strike a Balance and 
Compare It With This- 

While tli<- ^$00,000 Amnwin Jews wcrc 
loyally fighting and laboring to help "make 
tin* World ftftfe for Democracy," ihc Jews 
of Eastern ktirope, where lives tlie bulk 
of the worlds Jewish population, were 
hring ground out of existence by ihe ebb 
and flow of contending armies. 

Today 6\000,Mfl Jw* Ate Facing the Darken 

Bays Ever Known in the Long 

History of the Race 

Families are scattered — broken ■ A hundred thou- 
Kind children are orphaned. Poverty i* the com- 
mon lot- Whale cities have not known a *quarc 
meal in five ycara. Diiease stalks on every hand. 
The death rate mounts to double — triple — quadru- 
ple— thiil ever before known in a < rivilized country* 

America Is the Only Hope 

In ihk ihe urea-Ec-st crisis thai Jrwrjf hro IW known 
in centuries of surf enrig and persecution, the Jews 
of America turn to their fellow citizens c if all races 
and creeds for that material and immrdintc aid 
whkh alone can save the survivor* of I he race in 
Lurope from destruction. 

$35,000,000 NEEDED! 

Tin* sum represents ilw muowt sought from the country aft large. Every cent of it wilt go to 
buy food* c krfhing* nu-dk raw* i\m\ tatter iwceuiiies of life for the destitute, starving and utterly 
stricken men, women and chil dnm across the sea. U is veritable ransom money, for witlwui 
it unions will surely die! 


"life for Those in the Shadow cf Death ' 


:»ntf . . I .,,,,ihl. Hi \H\TON R. GRAHAM, Tmuvrtr. 716 Krfliu-dy II mid in ( 

"Today 6,000,000 Jews Are Facing the Darkest Days Ever Known in the Long 
History of the Race" 

Tulsa Daily World (OK), April 11, 1920, section B, page 14. 

No.86, April 1920 

$1,600,000 FOR JEWS' 

Tells of Typhus Menace at 
Launching of New York Cam- 
paign for War Sufferers. 


Lduls MarahaH and Judge Elkus 
Picture Plight of Stricken Peo- 
ple — Large Contributions Made, 

Although the American IteHef Admin- 
istration, In an ^ndt'HVur to prevent the 
Syrta-d of lyphun in Europe reeenLly ob- 
tained the entire assignment of anti- 
typhus material, druga B machinery* dia- 
infectinff plants and motor cars, imd tid- 
ing all thu tremendous equipment that 
went with L'auh uT the continental 
arm lea,, this equipment Is probably not 
one-third of tho amount required " Jf 
typhus 3s not to spread gradaulli' caps- 
Tvard and westward across the whole u* 

This strUfinjent waa mnde lost ni&ht by 
Herbert Hoover, at the Hotel Astor. 
where morti than $1 + 00D.0[H) wat £UB- 
Btribed at a dinner to munch the cam- 
paign known as the New York Appeal 
for Jewish IVar Sufrtrs;]^, About l^Ofi 
men and women prominent in all wsi.]k; : 
Of lift attended thy dinner Eind listen e:l 
to the appeals of Sir, Hoover. IjOuU 1 
Marshall. Abrant 1- KLkus, _A?sociato 
Juri^e of the Court ni" Apneals, anil 
Judge Otto A, Rtunlslcy. ou behal- f 
cl the stricken Je>wh ot Kmoltf. 

The menace of typlius waa the note 
struck by all the -^caki-rs^ Air. Marshall 

decla red that typhus menaced 

■■ of Europe* 

" in Mew York City there are 0,000,0110 
men, women and children, 1 - lie $&.Uh 
' ImfLgine that each find erery on*? ^of 
heso 3.000 rKH> \a without food, tlotturig; 
inciter medlelne* lAiree^, witheut help; 
imagine that these six million Inciime 
you, tiii J your .chid ren and your friends 
flnd then you will begin: to understand 
what It Is that lia? brought ma together 
wnd why. we propose lo find ways and 
tnenhs to help theue unfortunate people/' 

Jiid^c Elkus described tha rnvag^a of 
typhus at ho witnessed It when Ambas- 
sador at Constantinople h and of liiis own 
experience when stricken by it. 

Mr. Hoover, who received an ovation 
when, he Arose to s-peak. &a1d that when 
Lhv veil over Eastern and Central 
Europe was torn asunder there was re- 
vealed a mass nf suffering humanity 
?ueh a? ,tht? world has not seen sines 
the Thirty Tears War r He said ft was 
felt that tinlcas special care and food 
were provided for them the defenera- 
tion of child life would he such that at 
least on« generation in ail that' area 
from Lithuania to the Mediterranean 
would be lost- 
Today, lm said. ," F OO0.0rH> children arc 
*VSil rl*p.pisd4»tit.'ou Arncrlean charity. The 
child -feeding r.eivtco muRt still po on 
smother year, lie added, If th« eh lid Uf-?. 
of <VntraL Europe la to bo maintained, 

■ - Suffering/' ho *akS. " M unknown in 
the United States under the terms that 
Et com^s home j to every town and vil- 
lage through Poland, through Czecho- 
slovakia Austria and H unwary/ ' 

There Wan an outburst of applause 
■ when Mi\ Hoover remarked that the 
relief organization notified those Gov- 
ernments H*at were acrnctutrnp; Jews 
that the relief work would not con- 
tinue- if the persecutions did not cease. 

Subscriptions amounting to more than 
Sl.CCW.0M followed Mr, Marshall's ad- 
drenfl. Amonif the lazko subscriptions 
were tlie following : . ' y 
WfiahLnetfJiL IMirhtfl Canfireg-ntlon. . Jlli.CKjO 

Mr. wmJ Mm- F*U* M- Warburg ™'22S 

Con preset [on Cfliah ZmJok. , - r .. J0O,0W* 

Pni]illy of rJninnil I-apipnrt, . . , EiP^HSS 

M. and H. HOSC-n wanner ?!f '2SS 

Mr. una Mm, Jacoh WertHelns, £7,0*10 

t^Uln MArBllnll . r , - a0 P «H> 

Michael Frl^deiftai -- SO.nfHI 

Samuel aad HtLV ty Sfl-ka r „ , , 20,000 

Published: April 12, 1B2Q 
Copyright ©The New York Tines 

menaced 6,000,000 Jews of Europe." 

Mr. Marshall declared that typhus 

The New York Times, April 12, 1920. 

No.87, April 1920 

Mi mm 


Turn for a moment, if you will, from yom own cozy family 

drqile to those 800,000 starving, ragged, helpless Jcwiah children 

in Eastern Europe, Consider their lot, Yoill have to stretch 

your imagination to the breaking point— and even then you 
will not exaggerate the grim, terrible facts. 


Ainu* * nB|f«i tnntoHrtfc rHldrnn robbed nf tibrir birl^irli;!-"- ! Thetr 
tMldhood u fur-/. E-tar *\r,(* Ifcij pt phi in* fcaJby diyn they ban Icaam *m|jf 
Wif. r*icp tv them b nn uL;et rinng*-i- Tar y^on Oiiiii^iiiLb aT dien hare 

pj-dored, n-inif^ivr h i.yn|HiiiJ iR umrj--. QtWft mnij»«n m- -.■ ! 

MnR* hieknuurL a fdl man! in tkwmjt&TZ, l^rf art naDemb^r whir mtik 
tutu Jllr«. 

"nda* °riit Inng (dra? (lajs, wft$ Hit liUnpsr pai^ga ever piiirinE nt 
th*1r tfttic nihil Think of the l^nnln hi„!lh-w riijfc*— irtnt nLoo^ Aid nii- 
probded ml In |h# falifa Under Jic star* nr nn dlr.y cUv *r««, Tfcink off 
Hi* rip aad dwdbt-and tha lack a; IwEiie kindrnn cd lit ildcnnu an' Ln* 
■i.-r«nnfi ninl thj i,Ey,rtacbra of m.ilidi, of J I hit a U4e"uut un. Uwir om.t." in j 
"*■ arid .guamr. rid. 

Oflftld. hui i pari <ri flic whTtfl™ of Utile Jetfkli riinflren thrvisfili^ 

F"t*T EllfOPv in tfer* (■!*(. fiv» vnam hn iimrrir-iil up 4 wahJ j IJid ivorld wcxlJ 

Hkmd mrhBjt. GureLj diq hpart *1 U* Io-tIes Gnd mial Tio f0r*|y trinnrifta 
it wfetf thn* lifUf anno fan* bees lhf«ugh. 

Hnna it a ftfriatinii whate tSce. crnrd nnrinnn'Jti, — polling- tfunh ixrapt 
fcumuiiEy. It hi ■ bint nn. iiua fi*eu£h*0a of the husna: tmj. JJw Cfln AJmcwB 
tvircL«tt h*rt*ri[ aliE pecmfti thus cmii^il ■- ki rnliDut 1 . 

Thn« multlud^ nF Jawhti cbldTHn fc. Eortnrn RtiWM mud hn?E rood 

fTTmj. ™™f h R . T ^Iklnp Tht] 1 DTUE h »Vr » rii-ranl jlnrr. iv 3lv 4 , 

And tbej 1W4 k*T6 A HtUi ■# ik* «r 9 <D J IcHu Llndnni tWii 111? 
tlrtJii-.tlil nt rnmrs ctlld Ijivm 1ntO l^w-U-aE EK< rl "" 
#f tfcuo nuubclM cJ,iLdr= i 

E %fo child of jaiiirlb 

The Aral rcmld«aJ(£oai aC Aneriaui Jfiwrf \$ ttf cun 
ltd, anttoDMdMrad thlxrraA.— alEprJig of did rsw cen 

■m Lii- Mi. I! .. .: 

Lli- is ■■. iii-.'-iiiii-i ml onlj' nf Jevrry, hut nf Aimrici « f. "hedpr tht 

K^v.OHj,1HH1 that Uin ^meritin Jewiw. Relwf CoenmiHi:ii netdi from ti* 
United Stata} thu: pcturvQI dju prinwrifrUfELn lift Jewiib ckJldhnod airoii 

fliilL it ever be »IJ IfcH for 4 few paMfl doltata a nDrtnf DtHn cMEdrEi 
nr^r* LllOTVfrJ Eu perikhT 

]i*n ±n LhiiH hicla; 

V[ J .h j£DD fuu c* n anvt cm dl0d h s ITu Id Extern F5unpw lor ■ wlnln 

&fiF J3U you CAP- fori «5* llfcUe Edti For ■ anuria^ ana if FnUfid, 
(nnd iLcCf.-TJWLCt at mud- u l; ana hof^ 

hir 34 etn/lK you cat bnj a teo-pnoFJilr fmg mntw fftftii thih Th* hi* liar) jrf 
HtU-nde linn.- for li ;t;: Iivd yc-Jiri. 

Tfete W» fiAOn.QOO f *-* In R^ern EUhipe irSsnn She »nr hai ]rh d*^ 
ppndjant upsn ^ ior aid AhouL ^OO^M of tham in aiilHrniL 

Cue -riuxi^t nf cV.tLa but btb j bn^or (Hr| (rani thp tArlb^r typba epJ- 
demi: wh>th i: nieinjj djw in tiutcm Eurapt 

Boiand b Full <\t clildran of eiubl or Tn yp-ira qld.apltTcr Ikui 
Of * Tiw ^nnOK, w*in epir« «i^3k ba5iU*4arl«tfk*E IntHt 

TVcm Kjrft JMindrndinf ^he^pi-nda (ft J«ish dllfdrtn In T:\vii, Psfca(lR,e. 
■Qzxfhe-ElnvaVIa, JJlhiaila, EjcoannnEi, Klitf^la *id -|e^ 0+J^l* Nft faelpleit- 
;i - ~J - mrh ■:■■ by Lhe w*r ThauKindS'oi thrm, ioudIii tfi £H rrlo Ibf ilrixlyt, 
cj*iW»*iM ofl:hpn*p4, bffl- «i |B* flrtela njdaj aurfiSenan tlie rtrtfbi lis 
EllfihA ATid thHff-, but tr in* BT«I tff God, |D*S ^uux own l;Ue boy nrprLJ] 


'Life 6r Thosq in the Shadow of Death** 

HimnrjjTT raudnnan . . ^rajw A. fi, >IJi.'fclr 

^*i"»aa Jit-, at Uvir-r 

Vlep Ctnimuii , , ,N, R Sptar 

TT«mtMr _._, .OmrireLw 

SeowUiTy ,,■■■..,■ Mani el Mirt-^un 

Hrfld AUlllW ._ il^r-nr riaH«<#H 


£cl Icibs B R "ff 
Kitty Bam** j 
UtO£7 Birr.TLiI Jr, 

IX. CLT-lli 

w I. BcHsiriipp 
Anlmr 5 E^'-ini 

W. O LariUML 
I C ; 

Em. W. a HhiAk»hherF 

0*Tl HlB«J 
M- feUM 

clwrET t ftaliy 

TKb Space Donated by Farmers National Bank aid Rome Trurt Company 

"There are 6,000,000 Jews in Eastern Europe whom the war has left dependent 
upon us for aid. About 800,000 of them are children." 

Daily Sentinel (Rome, NY), April 17, 1920, page 5. 

No.88, April 1920 


■mi v ;j t: y-v<y .. niiifF v y . yi^ruv .^vi^i^.^nii. B :■■■■ 


Add Up Your Troubles! I~s 


Strike a Brftmce end 
Compare It With This- 

*/f\\fir ifct S^WljlW Amcricmi Jew n-ji-ni-j urutuui 

■ eh .njrj.ll F fjchlBir unrL I. hiring. Ur ,[i?tC™ ^** - " 

bclf 'xnikq li-l 'i\:.'i i'l 4M+ tV bin:- ■__- ^^^j. 

Btney," i>* Jtmedf Euttra Eurap r 

lh< tbb mi Jluw >t vt-M: Jinr; wrnur- 



j-piki - TTttr run «5 

J .Kr .11 ri- ^m .,,.|. miiiiiii, 

I1H ■ I i II r^um; ■ || I r. 

"HI1UII 3d -irl-#.4p rt-j ,| r.,1 am If. I, HT «L 

•■H,..h.v. ^ l„,k 

Tbdif fi.Oda.DW hn An F«im lb*| 
ttu4ail ftaji- E'flr Kmm ■ bW 

I ....fl Ul.hjvn «r 4k. B.rv. 

huriiLitJ are GChlrrwl — brrilrffi. 
hundmi U.»UMK chLMrfiTi on 

L^&iur rtiilLa on '.'■trs hand, 

Auerki 1* *i* OnL, h!np> 

III Llil*. L.hj HlML'rf (f^ll lh#» ,r™rj mi™ i 
bos mr loWr™ li tflntoriia tiC hiITe* 
isr *pd ^nunsftioa, lie Jcwj uf Amr- 

Today 6,000,000 Jews Are Facing the 

Darkest Day* Ever Known in the 

Long History of the Race 

. St l*3 


-flu niniT hi mari pimripa 4 j 
1 Pinmlv tISi LhriH n.?h*r» ^ n»^». ■ri.-u |f lla 

j £■£!££: tM^lMSuS i l: £ .■£-„, 

ri-j, rdi™. *HtH «>- raptar^ihiKCr I p. - 
I wiuiihhhi liiyrTivi rxthufr I ■■ 

iiiHi iqd v « rtrt « in" ^ **»^"i i nn.. « 
il> mnpniiN ** "HP- i^i^*0 |# J?": *■* -- lia 


• ,".- r I--. i: 

yj"r l,\. |l 

Am 1>l t Tpj 

$33,000,000 NEEDED! 

„„ luen t* their illy- tklflHrl &t -Ml *"+* "**" *"* - ■■■■■■ 

rata and muHJ* **f frrt Ruit^rUl *j.. *** ^«" r ^ 

jranutilrta iid -ffiith ilnnp no n't i: ^ ^i 1 ^ (rj^hl'"^.., . 

(V HJFviTon oF Iho ia« is E'atv^t ->••• 35w ti> ru a •« n^if "T,,,^ i-^, . 

trim dDli^LiuM. ^5^4.^1^.^ : -iTS™ '.,, 

3<idi4« prcteibaVir txr «r. II. ^^-H «* u^u, — . 

ru nfTMtn* t^"t. j. W,:-l.^,^ th tei itaL n d^q* 1- »- •l-|,ai'm Qta. I r... d 

-ta a- h't^,, v-icii., d ,tiu» !• Mi»< ■a- (!«■ DiJir| 'JThmip C^pt^!.. ... :i 

■ ■ . 
:■ , 


I-111: i-Ai.r. -J.H. ...-. 1 U jV. .1 

r^ij^r. i-jz' ,... , ":r;..J 1 i , vr. 

rl?S*!^ !; F^ iu'iiai. wjft|| ^K 
li. ir- r€ f MhiIi F + I 

rhlAJnmiEYTnrcMnlF the anwmil nuRhl fraW £^ft «ra=try *l larp. E^ry c*nt tf H 
tHII ^n ei lii^ ihp rjr*n*i4kt «r llh f«r tho JwInK*', ir.srvlaf mil ukr-rly sfrjikm 
Turn. »«<fi ml r*.iM/a^ wra* lk* sua. fi & miSi&le ruuum mflncy, far wilfcaA 
It nii;ilr:r; mil tanl? did 

. ,. -I, k .W4E4 « t^fSt 

I TTOilFll t^Edi ■""fc^l Sl""«" 

I >U ' v Ulhl Ll. 

pilK KM.K- 

-JMli- 1.TW.-M ||..| -.1, lHU p, r u 

...rti iu|. v t Cnlnl ^", 

. -. I .n. ?= I. K llX'rl I II II', 

r-Hiii:iH k ha^ pjH nri 


1 iU H4'lr. U A U .,I. 

ll Cj Tl in 11L--1. 1 UH.UU ± „ . IVO An rwi IM'l 

P±«U « 4 r -r ,..„„, ^ IMI r . r ,„» 
|L M .i i: n .., k T 111% 

"ij/ir fir rkM jh the iW«( o^ DeaiS " 
Headquarters, Chamber of Commerce 

Building, Rome, N. Y. 
Ws jpace donated by Maid tlvthiny Comjinv 

n "n «nrl hnod fihi.J 04 ' ■*(■ IP « ul » i ' ifJ x™diJ™i || r h:-wl Bfrti^ .. HH 

,:i . 

* Al .|lll|..Xr: 
"^■'■^■'■it. IFI n. j_.r> wu 

* + UH lta- . | MBdl , f 1 ^ ! 

■ -■,1 ■ iji» 


TLhffrpi JiaTfl ±».-Tb* u 

1 . r . r.i.n. il „] 1 rt til 

'■ K Kn>*T7 K+- L49- 

I" B !•» 1MV bfti-» 

■' * *"* (i m«k 

HK, I _ 

g^ ^j.!nsii- 


IffllE HfiRKET 3JDThI[<)]I& ldn<i-»wh-dut eloquekc 


Diiik — Hn t i nj ii j hrhk ri" 
, 'in, .trf-«M Hgilt -:tl Zloiw i 

W-M"^ ■:^l> - »f'"1 iT 3TI1 l- -- in.i - k _,j„ J,jj u 

...j 'j^:ip ITir"! .. . 

it." ■' ■:■■" kl* . i Yi I' I llri 

li™. 4i«r R i. r r^hr, nmd 

.-rrmn j.-^, It- |hp IU III4T. 

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"Today 6,000,000 Jews Are Facing the Darkest Days Ever Known in the Long 
History of the Race." 

Daily Sentinel (Rome, NY), April 20, 1920, page 6. 

No.89, April 1920 

v ■** *<mu-w*Kii . a*n»£*T cVtwiNC, nfwi», i«. 


Turn for a moment, if you will, from your own cozy family 

_,-_ .... circle to those 800,000 starving, ragged, helpless Jewish children 

- in Eastern Europe. Consider their lot You'll have to stretch 

your imagination to the breaking point— and even then you 

will not exaggerate the grim, terrible facts. 

Think of it! 

Almost 1 million Minu^.-it rk-liji-sn 

tabbed ut their birthhgtit!- Their 

childhood is awry- Etct since their prattling- baby dajathey ha^elnuwn -ubJ> 
Tfc'ar. Patp to them «* «■ ultw stranger. For yun thousand" of thnrt risv* 
vwidrrcd. refugees from contending anniea. Other thousands are orphaned. 
Nob* hi* known a full ratal in Ova fHn.. They t*n r t ren^tsbef wb»t mili 

• Think nf the Lonadraajy days, with Hie hujif sr jmhi|fi fvM gnawing at 
their Httle vHali Think gf Uh terrible mdleia nights — Hpeat alone and un- 
protected out in ths fluids under the stars nr on dirty city streets. Think of- 
_the rajps and the diTt'snd' the lack of Jo via* kLudneaa, of the ikknta* and the 
suffering and the heartache* «f myriad* of ]i«le Iris "out on their own" in 4 
world goo* mad. 

Oould but ■ part of the sufferings of Little Jewish, children throughout 
Eastern Europe in (he past five year* fce summed up in words the *f*Jld would 
stand af hast, Surely the heart of the tartar C« mari. b* tnre.y »f uhde-d 
at what these Little ones have Lwen thfcoujjh., 

H crt is a aShMtign wh ? re rag?, creed nationality— ngthLna; count* eacepc 
humaniej- tt is 4 blot on the ^uuuheon of ths honisji race, Nor can America 
ever clear herself tt she penn-lta these conditions to continue. 

TOoae multitude* of Jewish children* La Euttrn Europe mtaA bavc food. 
Th*y must h*T+ clothing. They aunt have a d*^uit ptae to If *#- 

And lb** Hast bs*a a Ihtte or lb* can and lariat bLnSHM ta*i u Uh 
birthright *t *wmj child bam Into lh# warM— af ihacbLtdef r°«* Wrf phI 
*f tk_ im^bitw fi-nHib i T.LIina ' 

Th* hit waatdtrntion of American Jewry b la tar* for Che ttnJUndsd, un- 
fld, unclothed— aud unloved— offanrliit: of Uh* nee across the tea. But it is 

tfi# first consideration not only of Jewry,, hut of America « a whole. The 
tai,ft0*.0M (hat the American Jewish Jtelirf Committee needs from th* 
L'nited Statu this year will fo BriaWity to save the Jewish childhood abroad. 

Shall it eve* be said tbit far 4 few paltry dollars 1 bort &f little ebi]drea 
- *rr sltowed to periefi? 


Hlffl art tti* facts : 

.With |300 you can tavm one Child's life La taataru Europ* fol a wntiJc 

For t20 vou can f tad one little girl (or • aaoqth, *ven ia Poland; 
f ood costa twic* as much as it dm* bltrtr ' —--—»-- — 

for £rj certi you can buy a ten-yea r-old boy mora food than he baa had to 
eat at orrt Lme for the past fiv* year*. 

.. There ir* ■S.OOOvO* 
pendant upon u* for sic 

i ifewa in Ewt*m Euro pi whom the war baa left dV 
, About S00 r Mll of them btb children. 

One change of clothe* ra*y «aff a boy grfifl frtno 1ha ttrrSbletypttuj epi- 
demic whfcb la racing now ia Eastern 'Europe, 

Poland in fait of children of flight or ten jeara old, na larger than infants 
of a few awTvths, who cannot «aLk beciuaa of lack of food 

Thcr* art hundreds of thousands of Jewish chinrsn fit PoLaad, Palestine. 
CHrb&rSlomaltis, LiUmanU, Roumania. Sthcia and the drfan^ lift balptaat 
and boaules* py the war, TriowaiMlsof then, mabJo t* jet Into Ibt «lxt«d> 
flverewwded orohansias, beg on the- ftresta bi day and alien gn Ihi streets by 
night And latft, but tot the grace of Ood. foea ynur own litUe hoj or fjrll 



■ L 124 lUmpI BoifcBM. UH Gqwet Street Ui* hL Y. 

"Life for Those in the Shadow of Death ** 

f ■^OfiK^rt J ■JU 

n*w ftEUBCJf wai 

■SI H U8l-HU*V 

Umd 1 ■-■■! 

H^ ^ TV. Ui l\ Lh 

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_iji . T .^ k. :.-•■■;-■.• 

T-T^ IrlMHUT. 

f-fA VI ITT 1. LURK 

"There are 6,000,000 Jews in Eastern Europe whom the war has left dependent 
upon us for aid. About 800,000 of them are children." 

Utica Herald-Dispatch (NY), April 17, 1920, page 7. 

No.90, April 1920 

ii*l ui*Jk 4-Jf-EMt TULH. VUr 

:Viigr:g=y^;. .■■ 

* '? T "C.'i' , *7 r *"- 

A Matter of 
Extra Interest 

i j-t^" 1 - 1 - .n w inii'r-ixi Dcrirlmnil -iiJ tv 


of mm 

Add Up Your Troubles 

TcmUj 6,000,000 J«wt Art Facing 
D*sk*mk Dmjm Er«r Known in 
Loog Hbtorj of Ike bet 

Citizens S5KW 


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THt moEkidjj tisH Tu* be«-tt chutffd #r*m 3- o'clock Sundip 

.litrrimrtji, u ori|1h*J!r MmMnuttfed, 14 B *'4*ek $undnr unitpi, 
po u wil tn E^hflkl witll DpituHf frf llw Jewinh Reli*f Orive. 


Th* cJutf ^**lir of U» iHUMteii **ill bf 


Puior «f khc Oidnb of Our L*d* of Lwrdw 


Will Alrt be ft Fulur* frf tb*M«lifti 

FtlMBl PKfHlHIllJ *fti «^uutua>l f KiHtlto f «T l*» WMHP 
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.fUjT.irw'l I "f frKK* flllir* US ttMCLjJ Upuf4±i LTiJ LK* Hi^t p^-F | 

work vilJ t* ire»iJ j u»j*u*d when kne raooa la e»rr>r it aa ii *v*i1- 
*blc. Thfl kd^ani*t*t *f iJw Crub wi|] b* »p»n lA ill women twJ 
I irb, Otkolic H 

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■it* bjripl^ ^jliuni Jifid Lpironni 
belp "qLlht tilt ^urid «J# for D 
otnrv,'' LfaQ Jt»-p of Euteni £ur 
k#k bfing jt&jd i oat o# huMjchm 
tht f bh UlI 0i>* <jf coautftdiiii tm 

".ddjjr olDO&OCU J«wi An FicWf 

DukjMA Dvji Ew Kim u lb 

..--'' F^iTiLliii mi- uiUercfl — hpc-irn. 
huwirrd UwHiikt thiirtwi w« 

iihjuril Puvtrty Lf th* 4MUH 
LiKiK lulu on *iery burL 

In Lh j, LJu grille* crini thml J* 
hid e^tr H"trw» in ocutunei at Kil 
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imiE*cbitp iud *hifb *l*rw «ui ■ 
Lhc BurriMMH *f IM FM* W Em 
■ fti dutrLkrtJ4ab 

$35,000,000 NEEDED! 

Thit Pfln zepn^ehAi lb* VtvMBA l(»Bt« (hud (b* C«wtf7 ii luffl. Bv»Q CflA C 
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T^HP ^Hi H.i .kh> ^IP j 
r k,H HP"- — f-nl .p—r- 
* .. r r1 rfilkl' ihi-j^l'P I 
P.H-1 !l*« DkikCI r*rf-Xkkw, L 

J in.' k. -p ■!■'" 'i ' 

| a . .._.. *■-«■•. r^ T+ -.. . 

iii P u -..^i h .i i-. ■■•si" >r ■■■• 

. ., ■■ r -lYP'k 

^ I 

n'. >ri _-l ■ <k_ IT PH-'rl 1 
L.i. — u-pj |: H F"."-^ 

"Today 6,000,000 Jews Are Facing the Darkest Days Ever Known in the Long 
History of the Race" 

Utica Sunday Tribune (NY), April 18, 1920. 

No.91, April 1920 

Add Up Your Troubles! 

Strike a Balance and 
Compare It With This— 

White th* 3 I &00 I 00& American Jew* 
were loyal jy fluting and laboring to 
help "make lh* World *±h fur fret* 

ocrtcy/* the Jews of Eastern Euruiiifi 

w&r* being ground out of cxist^jic^ ny 
the ebb And flew of contending annie*. 

T«d»f IftOWMHW J*wi| Aj» Fteinf lb* 

D*rtt**J Dan Ever Kjiowd hi th* 

Loqe Hi*t«T ** *b* R*Cd 

Families ftfo s< altered —broken. A 

hundred ihoufiftiid children art or- 

phanod. Poverty i* die common tot 
bisense ^alka on *v*ry h&rjcL 

Ajuatiu I* t^c Only Hope 

In this, the gretfLtnt firiaii that Jewry 
has evir known in ctnturiea o( Buffer- 
ing and peraceuiion, th* Jews of Amer- 
ica turn to their fellow citken* of iJl 
races And creed* far that material and 
immediate aid which a Son* can save 
til* survivors of Us* rtce in Europe 
from dntruotion. 

$35,000,000 NEEDED! 

Thii Hum represents tfie amount sought from the- country at larfffc Ev*rj cent of it 
will go to buy the neceaeHiM of life fur th* destitute, rtimiE and utterly ^nekftn 
men, women and ehitdren acroai lbs tea. ft is vertlable ransom money, for TitboOt 

it milJioKS will aureiy dieH 

Oneida County Headquarters 

124 Kempf Building 

Utic* N* Y* 

"Uft for Those in the Shadoa of Dtatk 


Thii Spu. Cwtritatf*! br tb* rnAwl Fw Shop. M. Weiatkia, Plr*. 

"Today 6,000,000 Jews Are Facing the Darkest Days Ever Known in the Long 
History of the Race" 

Utica Herald-Dispatch (NY), April 20, 1920, page 9. 

No.92, April 1920 

.V£ *' : 'V-V. 
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1^11 UTlCt 06J,)pJtYCLi ,. TUESDAY Afr*.K 2^ '***_ 

to allied mm 

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Tmbir Of "Mir Ttoqlir 
Hi«lel ftr Frail llnr Tablals 

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vr «hiiu pzj^nbi fi I km. •* 

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li -p ir,i ihi l*d:bwu u\ ■ 

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\*tr .ttfH Phi Anfaili H-Hpri|i h 
rt.1 r.,„^ M . Wr w |mM 6-'i 

r- |/ Mii. HM)h> 
Mpt hit. April ]*.-¥+■ TiHw 

P/r.L lAi-'.| I .d-dblUf U >.M ttww 

Tlti I'eje iJraluili ri«*rlli 

UeIp T- + r I irv^fi fill i^i Jrrwl v.^ir'p 
IIHH.M+ 1-iiiPOKcli Ne* pill.lT |i.i 

Pr-.,i..l J ^ Mb.l LUJ ^. -XI.- 

iPf. M-Mr Ihu *H.1»* *E Hi I-.'* 

kl EriHH JIP4f*d l/J 1KI Ik**" v i 

nlillw.ii l^n* rilhH tmn l". Hi+I?" 

VMI DUl» k BK^-U RtiufclrivH ,F 

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■nd rj«ilT T.iJ -il i»"lj.ll-ik *-j! 

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h- *-iitnrt Iv k, pi"'* P""i i>»« 

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f. fei^.uil. IbnL 

jt:-h iuM m„4 mat it ii* li 


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Himn yi ■■■*> ul w* '" '■ "-■ 
*4*J it ku.i ■■■ put! uu mi '"J 
Du^ikjWP* Efhi ibn iwitt^. 

i ■# fJ*:y it rarrfj. 

iwi Itm kU. pull *t t«H tar-tar ^ 
Ecpp.H » **ff o lp i Jnm M,H *p, 

i^nt Ft*. Till««>> *^*. 
Vi. Vkkla. L fviwl ITl* (Iit lu >.t* kljjitH w Beptp Lk i.e4 
UELFlibllli Hvt-JL^t CHPMly OM- 
IkAii t-ji Ulu Tlrl*. -iHB*H. hi 
irr- .""ii"i li-: iu 1 i>J 
Wii. Url* It £.i|i. pLI HBtMi »"" 

Grow Tour Hair 

gn'nit W 

> ■ '_•.- v ■ i imn-( 

OREftT HreM "ptflMJML 

jAr- fait. Apr, |ft-fco*. 

Famous Wash 


LiLipr^; J - 


! I nwiiiiuiii- pji pi»^jr»i^ J'l^irl 1 , 

'ih. !h^»P|li-i pihinJ.:- Hii r-lrJ. 
-We* k u HJitr-a ipi rat pjr Ef 1lw 

. .- ■ 4 . L ll>KViPr* Lli 

™*r. TiTlMXP- P^.1 

•XlHUrjilE. P.»*H 

W - .| 1-Ck.d ^d «r inn m 

■ i L k* tiot tm m . T*4 ' 


JlMifWr- kr*T.4^iP- ■ ^^.^ 

*i'm <ui^ , :::.::::,'.:: ii ii : !|j,jj 

K**rikUj UTIM LUC1— ^ J . 

PrJilrfm ,.-.■,.! *-|IJijlU 

«W4 Wi4WAM. j-raiWAHprk. ft 

\>tziim*** &iTy •u\ar,mi 

Todtj 61000,000 Jews Are Facbf tho 

DtvkMt Day* Ever Known io the 

Loaf HUtorr of the Race 

1J3P-. Tl-H.,-, .■ ,■"■.!.■ hM-.p- 

1 « I -J ri"a i - -irilni r.«x I* rraJi ■ . 

I '.I.I-., -.■-,. |-. .......J \,,l & li! I I 

ppiH*jJ itrdlic iTE^nr*. <lr!*a ' 

R«tiie« wefflM B*pma 

rilllhl DEL OF ICttMkI ", \*» ^ 

Hkiu.H L>; (A. J, fv:.r... . .< ■■■/ 
II pr-< I'-jrr'pip. i»v> « M p prrl' 
,.j .i|. i.nlciriLfli' ^!li■L , ■ •"-. 


Tiljp'li Tuy iljjiishi LlTfl t.iLlon KC^a, llLniillf plKi-*H 
wfiJi fli r t, lEjiuit fioiclicd licttli. W^ll el^T yau i'?r 

latitat n^Mi pi i^f miet rrorti PJtn ?i.r'.-jrTn+r & jisij*. 

Why You Get the Most 
Va l u e Hec e 

cej#Lii jfwikn'?»--!rn brtt inilP.fiilsj'-iL hifjlKic piJtli*>« 
ml mare 1h=jEj rNtspTT s^iT. ^'^u h-iaw rli^t L:i-i < :■ Lr--i 
mwcriali iDd but nartf, the v, !i-"i ijrt fiPn- 
difft t uitf* quu lit}-, 1 jii «n i: ic* U n etn[ l*jn fl ficj s,hn 

fM4U'T** * #mkll qpk^iiily, ThrW .rt f -m r > 11 fit Ite B u.t 

buiiiiil '!■:■, 

.-Therefore: r 

Miri S^hiffitr A Slarx f!^> inrtt li-,' ihe Ijt/eic i-irn- 
Juttrji p( tjofhlnc id iln w^nrlJ; nuHt Irvni beiL jII^'adu'. 
rjUfrilJl, tj IV ImbKe-H tllii i-i jV. i:o.l 1.1U..IP. ^Jj n !«■ 

pjn tndii Tihc Tnr e*H^ h]oII« LVie) >rt:i frt In *iih 

tf I*t i:fc3|h+». Wf i-ciF -fHrti. 

T6j*n"i tw limit w\ unr cnnrlrjiw *i 'AlktMi^n^hi-u fii 

Re^ftl Shoe i Manhattan Shkt&_ 

3twn Cb«Hl 3.L.r4ky ic I P. M. 

i- E II . .-'-. ',IK Jfl.jUl i: 

q*<B P.* ».VIuJ...l i JLDUil^. Elf -L« 

Jim of, , jj. j:,.-, j n | [rp9 ftiinl. 

itfiiiiiri 1 

Ihn Jin l-Fii i-i'i . ¥ Ei[ it* I jeh 
:. ,-rm :r.i! iij., l T..T, ci'ii 

_'tH l-l4 Ihf «!»T |M-ir. ni tm 

rnn whttp nrr r «TpeUpi; p-I»- 
' ji :i j 1 ■ '. > r T .-. ■ . : 

ill ir_!L-i.n ±.-.i l-:m: -i • 1 •.. " 
JILtM«— »f4| P M |ir HM» H.^TfT 

i'--*l<J H KhIci *t r-rtt-Jrlk-ji: "■" 

■UMiUmul KM I luull. I 
1 :-. e.: 1 E-l-ii * .;{ 1 m •--!•■ 

,.' L ..". ■' y.* P '. r * dr=5i _+/ 

l-i M r i'« I.P..U. ;r '.t';' r .t , ..I 

m mi fun of 4up: k>J br 1hr in 
Iepp-.i ilniiik Lliiip- SDE-pni El il 
r = r, .;,n- H.i.a :n III uul in r,d^>.:,* r, .- : , .. 

»-.r.i| pjijiAir-i'i :» ih. pi...... 

■17 H44I 



,.,. r ..-« n*r.u. 

... '.t^LU. 

H k rj. :■; I. A. 


Add Up Your Troubles! 

mnm wmm4 

>-/;-- r j,v;.:^^ , v;; 

Jkd »*-. T-h-' pi.. n-J Im i jpIi 

.< «HM b.-P- III , IuTt.-lw", 1 

3jHlK#M IJ- Er r- 

vir-t-fliJET-.r I- rtF'BfnH 
■>ph,4, r--. .!-. |^|.. jm ir- _ 

■•'ir III—" 

Striht a Bttlotue end 
Compart tt With ftfe 

ocfjieir," Uvp Jl-KM el EiHUrB ElUn-ft 
w«r*.i*la( jTWEd out rrf uIiteiEBiW 

Lni HuIsfji flf Ijtfl R^Ei* 

■ liir« Ek-^N r*-:-r'P P'» 1 

For Stomal Agony 

Jil far littiil HM tf-A-U. 
tai IHiI it Tm Hiitm. 

Tw- l'UK>l " T I'll ST J '.-hL P -■■ 
1- rTTLVrri iTirip-i iVvl'r *'J U' 
jfLKHfilllkkUl Iril Mtfll k* kJii 
•**»Hi'««JI M hrtuH. 

■b»p m fu r« vu'k' 

Oh IH k u. TifrVl P,-J lfc+ 1L^-|] 

l-p+ p^, Hl^ik 1^7 >r pirrrai 

Mrl P-l «VI Ml 4* E»l IH ll|SL il 

bPEtfni phSpTdi ir* MppW, 
Bp», «ii 1 Pxpa-r, wt <4 +a rr^r' 

t'*aiUr*» 4m i«U«rei3— trcten. A 
fawHErfd thiuJand ehUilntrt ate or- 
-^Mi Pr>^i3ly 10 tit ciHnaniii h)l 
!hj* stkLM flu *rtfyh&ud, 

AjMricm 1 1 |1)4 Oaljr Kept 

In thtii, dm jEt^*t«t arlaTs that Jfyimr 

k« tw,. l» Ui*i? fallow dt.MJiB qI ill 

rmc«g dud Cfetil f n that MileriiJ urj 
Imueduta iJd wh:f4i aleoa «fl Utb 
tKfl aunrivui* of LHt nc4 b ^utqm 
(fc-tii d-fertrurtjoii. 

$35,000 000 NEEDED! 

Thti eujb Ftpri.if-jiLs thn irninun leuaht f»m tht MUiiUy hi Iuuiv Etwt eeiit cf El 
m;L eu 10 buy (Jid ii«fs*i4Jci ol liEd fa-tbi rjutftuto, bUtvuh ukd oaaflT jtrtck-ia 
imq . womtc 1 1.&J.L tb-ilriryri icrcffl. tit m, Jt il t*r.tHirl hubmi 4PMi*p r f OT irttirtT 
H JiiLl]ions wJJc Eiiitf'y di4E 



124 Ketnpf Building. Utict, N. Y. 

lrfr ftf ITiojf ii) (kt fflaifoB tfDttstk'- 

'"'ii'r — ,l -' J 'i"'f 

■ i. irVrii ■ eemu v '.' ; .' : .' ; j ■ ■ 1 J. ■ » I: Jt ■ 

I * i< Mj *rpkBtp ^ p* t, 1^. , 
***** iMmuum i m > mi i^H^w pmt& 

^KM^k i^dpWlk, k 

... ... - ;,,, J ., , », ,., 

j^Ff.FK. *■» *-"5kira > 

Tk Unl» FUf. IMkW~mm. (MMI 4. 
;fM ilWFlf M+U# 4t Kfti hhI 

t^S£ , i ii B, iL l Ai!i*f9 

Jv^kHL AllrtFI 

^T+"tmp*"f"m Ti.-fi^iL^^lftt 

tk, 1 m u* f.f* W. UL 

I.- .1 1 v:-, 1. rWrn. ix-' h 

1 **■ JPJT1 pH^M IH < 

"Today 6,000,000 Jews Are Facing the Darkest Days Ever Known in the Long 
History of the Race" 

The Utica Observer (NY), April 20, 1920, page 4. 

No.93, April 1920 

_ — ^_ , ' 

Add Up Your Troubles! 

Strikt a Balance and 
Compart It With This— 

Whfir tht 3 f aD0.MH:i Atm'riciB Jews 
wenc rtjmWj -fifflitini wd Labnrinn, ta 
hetp -Biale til* World »fe tot Dtir. 
wntita'' the J#ws uf E**ern 
war* LiiLug pr-DLiriJ aul ■..( ixM 
EllE eb* nrrj flfl* n" Lur.U-Jir^ 



VlHInl WMm H„„,- 

riltw *M*J K.- Willi. Jl llimiu 
■Jdi mm pw+J i F i| v »i.|ilIbii:I 
■Al Tlftilapn <rf lin nrmL unc 

"|™Uji fi.DM.MCi iWi Ah F«inf the 

DxHknl D*J« F.*ar Kji:iwd ia Hit, 

Faniiti^ are Bcatcrcd — bralrmL 
fanitdnt*! thciuaanc eliiliret *tb qt- 
iAmhxI, N^rtyj Id the dommpsi tot 

Dliiiit-: : : Ui|j(i *hi E^ifJ baii-d. 

Anurick li Ac Oi»1j Hop* 

|u tliLS, t-liir pmuitiJrt cruBi th*t Jewttf 
lui *ver known iT emlijri*"* at njff-ft> 
Itir and ii&rBtcutio-i, tliB J*w of Araer* 
if* turn (a their ii'Aim cirJrcna of ill 
t*cea aud rmsiM Jin 1 tint material and 
LtttBM-liitc ai>J wiJLh ihrit can prtj 
tht nrriiwe of Ifcc tucu la EuTPJ* 

ir ii . ..J'.IL.I. . ■ 



m ^rjrrUii ThMP .-*rlj JPUbbJI Ir+Opril IHM aaa 

, x . , i,. ,-v„! r*.«i.-, ■»■ 'hhn. 

rtriUwtw-uirm ,t **ar to*4i ^il. ur «i!i mmi m ■ pat -j*id. n. 

him. urirt FU B*.r. 


$35,000,000 NEEDED! 

f?l» sun rrjiTRSenLf Uie jUHSlBit 

will jo to buy Wic n*e«inifcr* nf 

men,, wonen find children serosa lb*, do, 

li millidcs will Burely diet 

I ;:" _ -i-i / v ntridan 
ft e virittlili- iu.u5otii uioney. for wittaajl 

soiualit fPDin (lie flWBtry at larpe. _ 

f !ilr fflf lb* itwrihltT. -rtJuiiHB sir] n4MrV Htridf.i 


"Lift for Those in the Shodoa of Death 1 ' 
Headquarters, Chamber of Commerce 

Building, Rome, N. Y. 
Ws space donated by MirieJ Chlhing ComianY 

Today 6,000,000 Jews Are Facing the 

Darkest Dmyi Ever Known in the 

Long Ht«tory of the R*c* 



nil rrin* duMtinJ :■ 

■■ c ,i|£... C||. 

cauurv eounT. 

" B>*i*f *HeIi hi Prrt 

AitHVi Cllc :■■ Trlti. 
::<«. *JJfU » ■■, 
1 IWLtiWii, hniuli 

IH LllMMd Hlj Jlf* £, r |ll.- 

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^3l !l"T. OP^i-.-H. M*fiJtillKC, v. 

•fiiHinrff.Tpn!im"il» il-"- ■(.„ 1,,^,,,.." 'j,v 

tf Hfidjfiucji HltRE LmIidi mi la ■ %tt Ll ^ r-oupii^ ! , +4 

n» Lbiim xhbm *h. miiv i.,-h_v- ' ve i:mt rcipjrr-i-'j lit 

Ik Ull(-**r«|ff« ™«J >*"+ raclmi^i im F#muHIVr ila IQUi 

*HWV *TT>*ii"i ,tr Elik m arrilH «f fen Atn<ll|j A llvf .. IE 

:ht nMUfHllnp tt Be lcm*ri«y J 1 ^ Hli^mr l*f „ |H 

vim uiriFuJi rri «r d Ibr mMiiiii[ ^" T '' * T»J ■■ ■ ■ *«' -'i 

L lu ttsu l>»MI nir>i "■*f*7 !■■ 
b»4t- 4114 i 

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sari mi. i i 


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jrrtudn far 4fl' y«r. Ha M*l'r* ** *irti»»»™. 

1 ir T. J. »^*imil ru iin iw u rtKftj* w* iha ff I 

■■!•■•■ . ■ I'- -hr-.;- I- |" •■ tj !!■■ I n-rf ' 

rbliiM WILL ihliII -i oil- sta |j^ , ta traPlH j pi w*ln £ ia ■„""»*■ r,r .H 

'" -by Irrrtlnr HiFlU^MD' *i «1? <:««■ P'^ "^J-; " ■ ■ - ■ ,] 

rp i *-.||r -h.l. ■■ ■■> rf |«w»n*I j[ !^J, k ^ , ^ r ■■'■; 

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LhiciAfellLl Jiail. 

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HtpSBMI ur feujEBia »r Lta UhtU «''■ ■"rhJiuEplly ttr liranl. ■Kjrrt J.-ie*4D Fwr ' 
' JlPJ*n|ipq Elf Om*a» *Pqly ilrrn ■*jlnl lp iHr ^cc Miijir.iit ■.!! 1 ^TCraliiJ 
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■■■ .|<|>r.p| pj ciMIJ HUH UU HO timtrFf . K^nbfTl rMLTtt 

■ -I M TE^ivTkHrp HMMut- EL hull ^ .,:uiblt Wliiki fk> ■fail i 
r w^-"ivi_ °»* t ^-?. ■*"**' ™ ! 71m LfflUtT H-n m..rrt^ < prt 

"■ iPHtJPfJ or P T P"""W. Bk™b "1 ,,,,. hn*p-. amfml tArrlp l'«c 1 p*« 

i . . . • . ..{ LvKtIiiT I'll HT' r.T-r-111- rr-Kfi^iuBilir •'•■k lihn 1 

i.-1V tot lira BE*? urn El kin ul nfrf ' i.^.-fufj: 1..-J.K nuan [> m 

■MUl| natlan ur laa ■ , r.iiFt\}ni- ' . JQt , M , r v[ nrfci, inn piciunfi. 

Jill HH ID EM ll«ll p- - - 

nrnjBX Blnl Car 1M 
Kwil UMtb N -e ill*; 
llr rilnal Bcr-j«;i .. »r'| 

I Half I L1M< hnr/!F -lil 

ieT iIh Hurl ! 

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priB; SA1.B _ bjtH,' 

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t ■: - ■■ h 

KHJ.U. r^iw « I JJCTBEI 

i ui V.i.k* 

mWft Lk-im NiHta JI74D IPU3T 

LH |HI Mhl|.L, ^rt4 ai*J EOibi IH 

■ I'iin: : > a t urUTCIt r.Url, 

iTMltlltf TO BEMAL KH ^|rc 

IIju.IL. '.'.. )^ ].. 

WAMTFri— \ rcwK VT 

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"Today 6,000,000 Jews Are Facing the Darkest Days Ever Known in the Long 
History of the Race" 

Daily Sentinel (Rome, NY), April 20, 1920, page 6. 

No.94, April 1920 


Hi*. J. It OT— *- 
M_ F. K Pbw 4 

Jewish War Relief Campaign 

V kip: Allium \.i MrtJ.\ 

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n 4. pn,iniiT 
i' r "ri-^'h. 

!«■ re"«*™ !*■*■«» 
ijtjicp i.pnj.;-:i. 

Add Up Your Troubles! 

Sfrjfc a ftzlonct fljifl[ 
Comport ft HfaA Tft£« — ^ 

Whlip Ul* JlMO.IHUJ Afflcritpa J*wi, 
"*n bjilljf ciftdnj ltd liWrinj; tr> 
b*Jr> "mjit thi lA'add Hfc for oini- 
rermy," thr ftm uf IJalrrn Bjrupi 
"(re twuif jt^^'J w* df tiiji*nei % 
Lht tbb mil fW rtf huittiiiLne w»jm- 

T«di T LWQ.LVlO J>» A» Fkibc the 

DuhH hn £w Khh la M- 

f'ljrii jm i.'i ^ii-i.rr*^ — brak^fl. 4 
BuoJrid l*iflirt*niJ uhililrtn u-+ «r- 
phii44- ?Hft*rtj ii -,bt cub 
Dww PLpJU on iTir? Lud. 

*Mri» It tJH OnJ^ Hnpw 

Ja Uiik m* cruLHi erwi that h^r 
h,^ *v*t M- Ait In rt-rpAtriw <J Eufltr- 
tnt and 5Mf*KUU», LJl* Jt*t s( Anir- 
k« WIH U> Ulttr ftllt* cLLTtru at! all 

i-ait* *Hd^T**4l Mr Uut mahrU ud. 
cinniHS*H o»d *hfrk iI-ptib ca> h» 
Uh Mrvl^OfB if lh* r**i in Bunipi 
fpyiti rt«piidm* 

$35,000,000 NEEDED! 

Tiii nuzi rcpreKa J 4 ^1* asoaPt WORht frgn^ ll.e caunlr> *( liri*. tvc-ry ceo*. «r it 
will pi Lo bujf Ifjt riKtukMH of IjEi fior lNd dr*ilijfcr, iLirvlEj; ixd u.U.pj-|jf *ri.tken 
mm, ^rnmca uid diildrrn i::.ju lit mjl. Li u vcriLih t err. nuncj. for T-JLbnut 
it nULUnu nill nni^f dt! 


"Oft iir rn B « in iht SWu rf Xtud " 


This Space Contributed by The Rme Shop, Fitzgerald, Schuderer & &>akley, and Hayes Clothe* S 



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WMt ■ u th -pIsi 4n irt !■"■ >■ *m 
fli AilV ih vnr IT M-J -.11H ! iia>. 1 1- ii 

To4af #,000,000 J«ws Ar« Facing tht 

Dark««l Dky« Ever Known in tns 

Long HUU17 of tko Rac« 


vi r. ir- ij(--iir -iii itri* nv 
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... . . „. , ■,.< .■».■■■■ p-n- 1 r-« <•«■ 

"Today 6,000,000 Jews Are Facing the Darkest Days Ever Known in the Long 
History of the Race" 

Utica Herald-Dispatch NY), April 24, 1920, page 8. 

No.95, April 1920 

btic* nifLr nm, miuiuy Mommc. *rm& m. im* 


SS Add Up Your Troubles! 

0^« ■* tmpLlfll 

■ T*a*T 8,000,000 Jm An F*d»i tL. 

J)*rk*«t D»y» Ev«r Kmwb in tb« 
| Lean H Jrtoty of th* R*c* 



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Sjfrifc* a fioLftce and 

Compare It With Thu^ 

TCTiiti th* 3„&ftfc«0 As«icu Jm 
new loyally fikjtt.n.g in J kUuiu h* 
NJp -Blkt tit World uie Cur D» 

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wftie Iwjjij frmaid cals uf tngjyw-ni 
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Prospect™ buyer* con&rm 
fcur own opinion b? their 

«*k*~l«**^ duality e£ the 

Itt beauty is accepted a* the 
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dbe way it ridet and drive** 


m euzaefth $r. phone U74 | ffiTr^ ^:Sr^™ 

^uaared tfuniiwad children art w 

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"Today 6,000,000 Jews Are Facing the Darkest Days Ever Known in the Long 
History of the Race" 

Utica Daily Press (NY), April 24, 1920, page 13. 

No.96, May 1920 

"Just Another Drive," But the Lives of 6,000,000 Hum^n 
Beings Wait Upon the Answer 

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"Just Another Drive, but the Lives of 6,000,000 Human Beings Wait Upon the 
Answer. ... to 6,000,000 men, women and children, HUNGER IS AN OLDER STORY, 

New York Times, May 1st, 1920, page 8. 

No.97, May 1920 


Non-Sectarian Appeal for $7,- 

5O0 T 000 Starts Today with 

Sermons in All Churches. 


Campaign t* be Pressed by 10,000 

Active Workers in the 

Five Boroughs* 

A famished child upon the auction 
block, a mother In the foreground plead- 
ing for aid. death with outstretched amis 
lurking" near and the legend. " Shall 
Death Be the Highest Bidder? " 

Such is the plctoHai representation of 
the needs of stricken peopled in the war- 
devastated zones of Central and 'Eastern 
Europe which irtlt confront New York- 
ers everywhere today. 35ack of that 
representation stand a an organisation 
designed to take advantage of even* 
channel to press home to the people of 
this city the need tor con tribu tins toward 
the 5 7, S 00. 000 to be raised here this 
week by the Greater New York Appeal 
for Jewish "War Sufferers. 

This fund is but a tithe of that whlcn 
must be subscribed in the entire country 
tt disaster to whole peoples is to he 
averted. The world nature of the ca^ 
lamliy which has overtaken meti, to omen 
and children, deprived not only of life's 
bare necessities but yf all means of re- 
habilitating themselves witnout asa from 
the outside, has led leading Jewa of New 
York and the nation to turn to the public, 
irrespective of creed* for help. Hereto- 
fore the Jews themselves have conttribtit- 
ed many, many million? which have been 
exp«nded by the Joint Distribution Com- 
mittee through relief agencies of all 
countries and without regard to the re- 
ligious beliefs of those in need- Thift 
tune tlte burden Is too gigantic to be 
borne by Jews alone. 

MtUlens Racked by TPar, 

A pen picture of actual conditions, 
typical of those In several countries, has 

be^n sent to the Campaign Committee 
by Di\ !;■... viy B. Bopron of this clty + now 
in "Warsaw as head of the First Relief 
Unit, sent abroad by the Joint Distribu- 
tion Committee* I>r + Bojren writes: 

" Hunger, cold rag*, desolation, dis- 
ease, death— Mj $ human ocuqEb, 
Yrithout food, shelter „ cloth In & or mud teat 
treatment in- what now ar<* but the 
wastes of once fair lands, lands ravaged 
by long years of war or blighted by its 
consequence^ ! 

" That, in a few words, is the actual 
situation In all* those countries that con- 
stituted what was known durlngr the 
great conflict as the Eastern theatre of 

" Words cannot adequately convey nor 
can any. picture be drawn which c«n 
brine home to comfortable, affluent, 
happy New Yorkers* surrounded by 
their families and friends, riding In 
their automobiles, en Joy ins every luXr 
ur>v the utter, abject, hopeless J misery 
confronting the population of these 
hinds* a population about equal to that 
of New York City Itself. 

If you would try to visualise, '*/> 
realise the situation, place yourself at 
the corner of Fifth Avenue and Forty* 
seconds Street. 

11 The once, teeming avenue in all but 
deserted. Gone are the gay equipage?, 
their bejeweled occupants nnd liveried 
attendants. No longer are the sidewalks 
filled with a surgfne; crowd of gay If 
dressed men and women. The street la 
all but still. La.ugh.ter and lively chat- 
ter are heard no more. 

" Instead, old men lean Tor support 
against the buildinga , Mothers, with 
dying babes tugging vainly at their 
breasts, sit along the curb. The flower 
of what was once the younir manhood 
and womanhood of the city is not in the 
picture, for they, by thousands *md tens 
or thousands. He 'Stricken Jn the over- 
crowded hospitals* laid low fay the 
breath cf a pestilence* 

Too Weak to Cry for Bread. 

" Little children, with wasted f ram en 
and swollen bodies, cling to their moth- 
ens* rags* too weak to even cry for the 
bread that Is not to be had. 

M A .bitter wind sweeps thft avenue 
from the north. A man— hi a tatters 
cannot be called clothes— hi h face blue 
and pinched, looks at you with unseeing 
ey«u You do not at first recognise 
.him. It then dawns upon you thai you 
have seen that face before. It is the 
fac;o of a friend, a man who but a few 
short motiths before was weel-lo-do, a 
banker, as prosperous, well-fed and well- 
dressed as you Eire now. He reach as out 
his arms toward you and falls at your 
feet. You stotfp down to lift htm up. 
He Is dead 2— Hunger did it, 

" The scene *s not exaggerated, not 
overdrawn* It lias Its exact counterpart 
in hundreds of cities, towns and villages 
throughout Central and Eastern Europe 
at this very moment. The call comes 
from one human being to another, from 
those who have less than nothing to 
those who have much. It Is the call 
of humanity. 

"At no time during the war. m any 
land, not either In Selglum or Northern 
Franco, was there a situation moro critl- 
cal + a need" more great, a demand for 
sacrifice aad help more insistent than 
now conies from Eastern and Central 
Europe „ Both the present and future 
existence of an, entire people are at 

The campaign Is receiving the active 
co-operation and support of Archbishop 
Patrick J. Hayes of the Roman Catholic 
Diocese, Bishop Charles 5. BUrch of the 
Episcopal Diocese + Bishop Luther B. 
Wilson. Present of the Board of For- 
eign Missions of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church ; Miss Evangeline Booth- Com- 
mander of tho Salvation Army. 

Members of the TCxecutlve Committee 
include Cleveland H. Dodge. Treasurer 
of the Committee for the Itellef In the 
Near East^ President Nicholas. Murray 
Butler of Columbia University, George 
Gordon Battle. Otto T, Ban hard* John 
G- Agar, the Rev. Dr, David J Burr ell. 
Robert Grler Cooke, Paul G. Cravath, 
Francis IX Gallatm T Charles H, Sabin, 
President of the Guaranty Trust Com- 
pany: former Attorney General George 
W r Wicfcersham. Judge Joseph P. Mul- 
queen. Judpe William H* "Wadharns and 
Alfred E. Marling. 

Tlte appeal is to be brought home 
forcibly to the people of New York in 
many ways, Today is Church Sunday, 
and there will be special sermons In the 
churches of all denominations. The 
Rev, Dr S. Parkes Cadman has pre- 
pared a model sermon for ^Protestant 
churches. Vicar General Joseph F. 
Mooney has written a message to the 
Roman Catholic churches, and l>r. 
Nathan Stern, rabbi of the West End 
Synagogue, prepared an appeal to be 
read to the Jewish congregatloju, 

Children in the public pchools, through 
the co-operation of the Board of Educa- 
tion, are to hear the story of the Buffer- 
ings of the children In other lands. In 
theatres, moving-picture houses, clubs, 
hotels and restaurants. In short wher- 
ever people are gathered -together, the 
conditions they are asked to alleviate 
will be made clear to them. 

it Is estimated that not fewer than 10,- 
CO0 active worker* have heen enlisteJJu 
the cause in the five boroughs. The 
Organization for the campaign has been 
divided into three parts: The organiza- 
tion of the trades and Industries, so that 
noi a eingle business or profesVfon in 
the city has been overlooked : the wo* 
men's d J vision, embraciner .'J.fftKl women 
workers under the leadership ^f Mrs. I. 
Unlorbsrg 1 Mra Samuel C. Lamport and 
Mrs. S. S. Prince, which ha^ divided the 
ritv mto districts : the- women organised 
thfc schools and churches and will make 
a- direct appeal to the hn-mca and to the 
neighborhood -store-keeper^ ; the third 
organisation is that of the boroughs, 
oach borough/ Manhattan. Ui& Bronx, 
Brooklyn. Queens and Richmond, baying 
a borough organisation, 


Published: May 2, 192D 
Copyright © The New Yoit Times 

"JEWS ASK PUBLIC TO AID WAR VICTIMS ... "Hunger, cold rags, desolation, disease, 
death-Six million human beings without food shelter, clothing or medical 
treatment ..." 

The New York Times, May 2, 1920. 

No.98, May 1920 

Shall Death 

be the 

Highest Bidder? 

ij>i-«i*£ h AwS-i4 4#h»tF>. 

Yo ur help is needed to save the lives of | 

| people in Extern and Central Europe. 
They are d^srimteoi food, clothing, shelter 
medicine— #ftwryifti#£ flfl w ft kit iift dttfeittts* 
You bnve the power m give them life, 
Thfir fate ii iw y&ur ha mil* 

Send your com rihurion l« Paul Jtaerwnid t Treat- 


To be jdrftrmvTrtnl by Ehr 


Feb*. M. Wifburg, Chninnjm 

f* Mt^ f»W i» *+,wm+r. J W^HH **j «-*■ Miff b *rl 

"Your help is needed to save the lives of six million people in Eastern and Central 

New York Times, May 3, 1920, page 1 1 . 

No.99, May 1920 

ASK $7,500,000 HERE 


Great Drive, with $35,000,000 

Objective, Is the Theme of 

Many Pulpits, 

1 f 500 AT 'HUNGER DINNER 1 

Secretary Colby Gives Government 

Approval of Jewish Relief 


rnie appeal for $7,300,000 to relieve ap- 
palling conditions of disease and distress 
among 6,000,000 people In Central and 
Eastern Europe was put before New 
Yorkers yesterday* In virtually all the 
enureses there were sermons emphasize 
tng the* non -sectarian character of this 
call to humanity and at a, " hunger 
dinner" at the Biltrnore last night Sec- 
retary of State Bainbridge Colby ex- 
pressed the Government's official sanc- 
tion of the campaign and its official 
knowledge of the calamitous character 
of the troubles that have overtaken 
whole peoples. 

The Greater New York Fund for 
Jewish War 'Sufferers will try to raise 
the full amount in the present weeK, 
and, having- already subscribed more 
than £30,(100,000 for relief, It it* turning 
for the first time to the general p*bUe 
lor funas. The whole nation is being 
asked to subscribe $35,000,000, u sum 
whicii must be raised quickly f accord- 
ing to those with first-hand knowledge 
of conditions in Poland, Kast Gaiicia, 
the Ukraine, and other places* if hun- 
dreds of thousands are not to die of 
starvation or to fail a prey to the rav- 
ages ot typhus lever, aiready stalking 
through the lanu". 

Today the entire ea^t side is to be 
draped in mourninc. in token of svra- 

part in the great work of world re- 
covery. I deny that the. specious plea 
of Americanization Is an absolution for 
our national or personal duty, VTou are 
not Americanizing an American obliga- 
tion when you are coupling it with 
reservations- or expressing it in terms of 
repudiation. _ 

"America is acting falsely to that 
simple and rugged honesty which Is 
part of the American character when 
it hesitates and draws back upon the 
performance cf a duty or the grasping 
and enibracement of an opportunity- 
Let us give of our political power, of 
our political exp^rianc£ f of our commer- 
cial strength, of our pecuniary power, 
to die succor and relief of this sorely 
afflicted world. 

•\ it in not only our duty as human 
b&lngs. but it Is the only enlightened 
pollcv. Shall a man who is riding on 
the promenade deck of a great steamer 
profess himself to be wholly uncon- 
cerned with the fact that there is a 
gaping hole in the hull of the ship?' 

Louis Marshall said that those who had 
labored long for the relief of Jewish war 
sufferers had expected that suffering 
to cease very soon after the war was 
over, but unfortunately peace was not 
yet declared and the conflict still was 

Tells of Plague's JJuvafre*. 

" Suffering, 1 ' said Mr. Marshall, " has 
not decreased, but increased beyond 
what it was in the active days of the 
war. Despite all we have told you in 
the past, there are even lower depths, 
people are falling victims to typhus In 
East Calicia, in Poland and the Ukraine, 
and unless we send food, clothing, the 
proper apparatus and the means to oper- 
ate that apparatus, not thousands, not 
hundreds of thousands, but such vast 
numbers of our people will die as will 
stagger tlfe imagination/' m a ._ 

Li.r. I. Edwin Goldwasser begged the 
workers for team work, urging them to 
function like Kipling's tJ Ship that Found 
Herself' 1 with the uniform hum of one 
vant machine, with all parts driving 
together to a uniform end* 

Judge Rosalsky expressed the commit- 
tee's thanks to the workers and to the 
non-Jews who are co-operating in the 
campaign, . ^ . 

Felix M. Warburg told how first-hand 
reports from unquestioned sources con- 
firmed the worst that could be imagined 
of some of the stricken districts. He 
explained how the fiendishncss of un- 
derpaid soldiers under arms for five 
years had caused much of the miwory, 
and defended the Jews in some places 
from the charge of Bolshevism, assert- 
ing they were of a class who never 
would have Indorsed propaganda of iL.t 

"Secretary Colby Give Government Approval of Jewish Relief Appeal. ... appalling 
conditions of disease and distress among 6,000,000 people in Central and Eastern 
Europe ..." 

The New York Times, May 3, 1920. 

No. 100, May 1920 


To Save | | Men and 

Women in Eastern Europe from 
Extermination by Hunger and 


"It k proper, far »m H >n niy oUk-j.pI tap; ion n> cer- 
lify to tilt men muI iMiMun of Niw *Yftrfc th.M l he Jp* 
p.i)[m£ toiuliciot^ wluch tayi" l*rai rcLirtii rn ilirm 
Jtid of tv fitch l hey Ifcne fnriiicil vrn* vurvihj* i'c-iEial- 
tuMto nrv true beyond rln- pmwr *»f worah ro omvet 

LuleijULltt ji, / 

KA(M'.K MX iH r,(>\ JW. ttviv*iry «rf Slirr. 



TWO 1-1 AVE GiVEN JHK3.UUU J, J, It ^i,,tr iL »4 ivti* u w*ri*>. r 
ONE HAS GIVEN tfO.OOO— Th? I*«f*rt C^.i«n> 
ONE HAS ClV£N S50,000-Hjn-y it fto««v + 
ONE HAS GJVEN J30 d 000— Mi : tn,| »n N^i'in rfofrrtrm, 

THREE HA V£ tilVEf* 325.000— *!»■ «"■! «« J* 1 ml* in yM Sur. JffftftaHi 

Sfrlipji-ftaii bih! Mf*. 1>>3|9l M. Wmbuik"- 

SEVEN HAVE GIVEN J20.0D0— U-i Uk-tarl It pttutann !**» lUtuitoH 

?s.nnu-l nlld EtHTTV Sarhn, ElH-uUn SaiJGW-liy, 
J.1^#li Sl^Krfr, WtihMftih llf-i-., Iik< , .1i>#T 
■Li\-li WvltlpLIOi 

ONE HAS UIVEN JtS.OQO— Mr ...*i «rs, N:«ili»>i -t M-ilo* 

NINETEEN HAVE G3VEN S ] 0,000— «** Annmh km^u- Br*tfM* r. cumm. 

i.*j( nrtd MrvJI. A. Uuinrimn:. *lr. JimJ Mr*. 

1> if. llrniurv, KnXRPV iSnifhcpk S. UfUn 
W,' & ft«X Arthur iHim.iik kfrrivrl (j"It 
h^-m, Mr. M^Ml lin I'.rHt hi t#m4i r IjiL-iL 
Brallitv* Wt, and Mr* A K KuiIiM) 4 A. K 
I.i.Misrnti. II, K Rt|bp> [XmJ4 j, gdwririb. 

Mi. :ir.d Hft, litem? L-. tfctidL Wt. :niri flr* 
I'aul II. Watlnjrjr. J, IVioOc^n -t Ok, HtJttmtU 
■ fc htftm, 


Jt is the duty of every person irt New York 
Co give the. 'utmost he tun spare to relieve 
the jjrMtesE need the world has ever known. 

,S*«r/ Vtfwr ^'AnJ J'i 

Paul BacrwakL Treasurer 



'fhit iirlvcttfheincm ^ p«*i«l f^r N> M. l^m^ciifilUjn ^ S-ji^ 

"THE APPEAL— To Save Six Million Men and Women in Eastern Europe from 
Extermination by Hunger and Disease." 

The New York Times, May 5, 1920, page 9. 

No. 101, May 1920 



To be administered by the 
Joint Distribution Committee 

or relief of Sufferers from Famine, Disease, liestitutk 


VKUX M. WARUURG; Chairman J 


274-276 Church Street, New York City. 

Ftae» Ull Fr4aJ1.Hn. 

■^^^HT.Urvtn^ fever-stricken sufferers in war-tarn Europe appeal to us for he 
They are destitute of food, shelter, clothing, medicine -oC everything on which Ufa ( 
-ends. i t 

Their fate is in your hands! 

You have the power ta give them life! 



Bear Mi.^MljcCo- 


- *L Brmun Corporation. 


M. C D_ ftord^n & Son*. 
I Leslie EviRi * Co. 


Deerinff. MUIdt*n * U>. 

WdLinftttfl. Sear* & Co. 
Lamport Mfr*. Supply Co. 


M- Lowe^i t*m & Son-i, Inc. 

S**vS-Str»uAA at Co. 
S»n Francisco. C*!. 



C. th Pope & Co .. Inc. 

Hunter Mfg. A Co mm* Co. 

C. V r Rrmsntton, 
Fall Rtver. Ma**, 

A. K- Ro|lMt*in* Int. 


LouU Lotrieiaoa & Co< 

Max Schw*o;1ne. 

M. firing man & Co. 
T. W. 3L0CCM, 

Ms not* Hog per ^ Co. 

Jarob S. Jfcmhdmtr. 

J. L. StdnAn, (nc, 

Henry Glaaa 4 Go. 


* consideration of relief to be given to the WORLD WAR SUFFERERS, to be administered by the JOl 
*ISTRIBUTION COMMITTEE. I hereby pledge the sum of Dollars ($ ) 

ayable: Optional entire amount at once or 50% July 1. 1920, and 50% on or befor* January 5, 1S21- , 

■o not write in this space* 







Checks Rfce|v«i with Pledge *. 

, 1 r . * f * f j 

Cuh Received with Pledge ¥ 

Plcaao make chick* P*y*We to FAUL BAEKWALD. Tr***a«r, 



274 Church Street, New York City. 


"Six Million starving, fever-stricken sufferers in war-torn Europe appeal to us for 

The New York Times, May 5, 1920, page 19. 

No.102, May 1920 

GETS $100,000 GIFT 

Nathan Straus Tells Sympathy 

for Coreligionists in 


DAY'S TOTAL TS $416,000 

LaGuardia Promises Workers Al- 

ctermanic Committee to 

Help Drive, 

The fund lor J (■wish war sufferers In 
Central and Eastern Europe, 
mil 11 oh 3 fact horrifying con 

h, TVas enriched 
yesterday toy p_ contribution or fitK^aco 
from Nathan Straus, Kabbi Stephen S. 
Wise announced the gift at yesterday 
afternoon^ Catherine In the Hotel Silt- 
more of workers seeking to raise New 
York's 57,j0O t CO0 quota of the $35,400,- 
000 sought throughout the nation* The 
announcement brought the men and 
women there cheerlne to their feet- 

'■ If American Jews now fill to help 
those, who suffer through no fault of 
their own, Mr. Straus has said to me," 
Dr. "Wise told the meeting, " the blame 
will rest upon their own hea4s should 
they miserably perish. Surely no self- 
respecting American Jew will wish, or 
even will suffer, the extinction of larger 
numbers of Jewish people to come to 
pass. +> 

Mr. Straus, responding to the applause, 
eald that he hid been unable . to sleep 
at -night because of the sufferings of 
his coreligionists In Europe and that 
despite hi a contributions to aid them he 
felt that he had not done his duty. 

Other ' large contributions announced 
yesterday, the total for the day beings 
S-ilO.Oi'U, were: 
Mrs, S. L-lebowtta, Hi rough the Jewish 

Ao»]pH £ T OcIie ■■ - J£!S£ 

Mr, and Mrs. William Fax + *n..* 10,000 

Tirst Hungarian Society* J-- S. Bruen. 

President ♦ ■ t S-w° 

iViDfi Hungarian Society. Samuel -^ 

Uaum. (VealdeiU ♦ .. *••.... 5,000 

Joseph Herhut . *.,.*.,.♦, £.<#£> 

Charles Cohen «. ... *...- «-™0 

Mm, Otto H, Kahn s ^* -■■ £2JX 

I-:-nry HolUtnRJi ..,.-- *.- ^-^."XX 

Jacob U'bowltz • - .*> * ^.00 

Nathan Lamport .,.......-.♦ £«*» 

M, Maalfin«hy (Gotthtlr Herts).* ♦ 2 F 6» 

K. K'cwbCTg .* <<♦....■ fWJ 

Mr. and Mrs. Leonard Kothsteln )-5W 

Loute Frtcdmwi .. -. ■■■■*■ *►♦ -■ ■ J-*£jJ 

League nt Russian Women, . , ♦ J.™ 

A. fjcrnhiu-iL J-Ogo 

j. iu. Wnchmati ... .- j-poo 

Hyman Do GoK- — ♦ -■*■■ J •J™ 

Jftcob Klein .. ■ ♦- ]»™£ 

Morris IV. Levin c £ Co.. *•■ L™0 

MEchael and Harry LiunltE ...*■-- J-JK 1 ! 

Alex Lamport Mgg 

Simon Asetl*r & CO.....* ...... l.JWJ 

Herbert Golden .,... - * J-™ 

The n on -sectarian character of the ap- 
peal was emphaflfzed by the presence of 
I' resident F- H. T^aGuardla of the Board 
of Atdermwi, who promised that at tne 
boards meeting next Tuesday a com- 
mittee would bo named to get contribu- 
tions to the fund. 

The campaign is non-sectarian m 
character, Paul Bafirwald, 389 Fifth 
Avenue. 1 5 Treasurer. 

A proem m of Jewish music will be 
presented on Sunday night at Temple 
Ansche Chesed, Seventh Avenue and 
134 tli Street, the proceeds of which will 
be Riven to the Jewish drive. Included 
in the musical numbers will be the sing- 
ing of Jewish folk songs by the Sym- 
phony Quartet under the leadership of 
A. W. Binder, and selections. by Michael 
Banner, the violinist. 


Published: May 7, 1920 
Copyright © The Wew Yorto Times 

"The fund for Jewish war sufferers in Central and Eastern Europe, where six 
millions face horrifying conditions of famine, disease and death," 

The New York Times, May 7, 1920. 

No. 103, August 1920 

Tis^lslintf £, G. Dye. county oh M man, 
in raisin* thu rtttiain&er of Weber 
county's ciuota ot S 7.500 iur lh* rtliet 
of the suffering Jews in ih* de-vast*t- 
i'G -war zones. Mr- Bon (3 declared to- 
day that there :ire six million jews in 
eastern aiaft contra.1 Europe whom tlie 
v^n.r has teft d^ptndent upon Am^rJCft- 
■' About ^0^.059 ot these are sULwinff* 
r^ci&cd. hclp*p3s. orphon?^ ?h1Idr<jn T 
Thi*i Is « condition vhwt ntlthfr 
mae, crpfld nor nationality oonniti. 
N&ihSng count* CKOf^pt nutnanU.v/ 1 

Hr. Bond eomoe lo Vcahi Irom Ten- 
n^wee t^"licrt th*> c!^mp*i.1pn Tfrafl re- 
cently conducted Hind stitt&s thM T*n- 
iii*p;?eo gnvo ^SmD^CH 1 f&r the qaving 
of rhfts^ lives*. 'W*&*r county haa 
ia H s?d ahout half oC her c^uota and it 
ij *ijf>ecic0 that sh? wll! contribute the 
rtm^indttc with. hi the Jic.ti few dj/i 
J-foflc*r[u^rterB h&ve btcn esiabiished at 
ihf "LVrh«r CJuh. 



Representative ot National 

Headquarters Here to 

Take Part 

Hamilton Bond* rcvresertUru* na- 
tional hc«ii<iuarters of th& Am &r loan 
Jtwifih RMirf com in SC tee, Is ift Osrden 

"PUSH DRIVE FOR JEWISH RELIEF ... Mr. Bond declared today that there are six 
million jews (sic) in eastern and central Europe whom the war has left dependent 
upon America." 

Ogcfen Standard Examiner (UT), August 20, 1920, page 9. 

No. 104, August 1920 

6,000,000 POLISH 

Thai tho Ru^itin-Pollsfi hostilities 
Ji&.vc seriously psgravatDd \h% condi- 
tion of ihe depute ititillotH q( JJhvj* 
In Potatid P imd ' In mutsy et&seu havo 
already nullified the work of the Joint 
attribution conintltUOp' wa>'tb« sttato- 
in^ril made yealfcrd&y t>y Jud^ OUu 
At HoEaj&kV of the Court of Special 
SeJulolia. fttantmUtun who la chair- 
i sum of this Gremer New York cam* 
pnljjii for JqwIbIi Wftr sufferers abroad. 
JWaijt." Ry^(ilBky J stated tUtit rcpofrU 
hrul bocn received hore- announcing 
ihr temporary abandonnum* of 'relief 
wdrk In Warsaw and Vn that part of 
Eastern Poland now used na a bat Ha 
ground by contending ,-mi.u-i. 33}<iGd that millions of dollar* In ad- 
dition to the J 7,600(0 00 quotiu Vvhlfch 
hid committee hM In larftc meaauro 
air each" secured, '^otilci be needed to 
rneejt conditions ^hlcli had arisen out 
of. tlio aew emergency. 

"Six million Jpws hud bc*n mad* 
horn* Iras, starving naked and plague- 
ridden b^ 1 f\\'§ y&anjs o£ foreign, and 
domes lie wars that a wept Poland/ 1 
J tid gp Roxft f sfc y " s d Id . 4 h Th tflu $ h , thfl 
i&iiit dtatHfaulIori committee to ratao 
funds (or which the Creator New 
York war rohfcf- eampaifjn was organ- 
ised and conducted, we had succafidctl 
in restoring In Tiome m^ftfiurc, Formal 
fieatth and ■ economic .)nde|?*n donee. 
.American dollars and de vol ton to*tfr® 
Tfiher^bW and oppre»4ii w&re dotngr 

"6,000,000 Polish Jews Are Starving ... Six million Jews had been made homeless, 
starving, naked and plague-ridden by five years of foreign and domestic wars that 
swept Poland," 

The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, August 29, 1920, page 13. 

No. 105, August 1921 

6,Q0Qfi00 IN RUSSIA 

Massacre Threatens Ail Jews as 

Scviet Power Wanes, Declares 

Kreinin, Coming Here for Aid. 

Copyright P IMl. h* The Chicago T rLtmn* Co. 

BER LIN. July ]fl.— J 
Jew "dcEriFr extermination by mns- 

As tlie famine is spreading* the 
counter-revolutionary movement is §-aln- 
Ing and the Soviet 1 a control is waning 
Tliis statement is borne out by offical 
fl comments presented to the Berlin Gov- 
CLrnnient* which show that numerous P0-* 
ixoms are rasing- in all parts of Russia, 
and the Ukraine. 

The Info nil at Ion was gathered by I>r. 
Jeseph Krcinln* a noted Jewish social 
worker and [President of tin* Husslan 
Joint Board of Jewish Societies, He 
says that several villages have Jieen 
burned already and scores killed, sev- 
enty In one village alone. He Is en 
route to America, where he plain 3 meet- 
ings in New York. Chicago and als&- 
where for the purpose of M savins nis 

According to Dr. Kreihin. mass flights 
from Hu ssi a have already he^un, the 
Jews rushing to all borclere a^nd especial- 
ly to Rumania, where there are 40,000 

families catnping along; the. frontier, 
hoping to find refuge. Amon£ these, be 
says, at least 100 persons daily are 
^yinur from exposure and hunger. 

Dr. Kreinin, wnu recently escaped 
from Moscow, suya th\s pogroms are es- 
pecially severe in the provinces of Ho- 
me!, Minsk and Yolhynla* The pogroms 
originated outride of .Russia, in the 
Ukraine and White Russia. 

He £ays in the Volya region a new 
sort of pogrom occurred, when Russian 
peasants attacked German P settlements 
because they wore foreigners. He de- 
clares the recent transfer of General 
Budenny into White Russia was fop the 
purpose of pacifying the region. 

4t My object In vl^itlnff Germany and 
th<? United States is to organize all re* 
ltcf organisations throughout the world, 
Jewish 4r*s w*^ff a±; others/' lie added. 
" The only hope for the millions of Jews 
is for American u\d, both material and 

" I cannot expect much effect from 
any political steps, aa the^ Soviets are 
losing control everywhere Vxctpt in the 
cities. The massacres are occur ring 
chiefly in the small towns. 

H1 However*.! hope the American Gov- 
ernment will realize the danger of mas- 
sacres la greater than at any time in 
history, and I hope they wi'l help .open 
the borders and lift restrictions on en- 
tering the United States." 

Published: July 2D, 1921 
Copyright ©The New York Times 

"BEGS AMERICA SAVE 6,000,000 IN RUSSIA Russia's 6,000,000 Jews are facing 
extermination by massacre." Dr. Joseph Kreinin 

The New York Times, July 20, 1921 . 

No. 106, March 1922 


__. i 

Byt Witness of Cruellies In- 

Jews . Addresses 

flteted on 
Local Meeting 

At a. Joint moeUntf at the t^woll Or- 
der of Bttil "tlth «ncl lh* Town* Wom- 
*n*i Hebreir ^asoolAlSon beM Ust ST*-. 
nintf »t OM F*Uow S .h»H. **r» Fre* 
Kuslan^r r* Pliubursb. ^. *' ho ! " 
execute secretary of' Wb v.-sr aulTer- 
er a drlv,. FBokc m b«mH of tl» ***** 
«H cmMm •* WWI4 w*t blotch,. 
Mr, RuKtaiidor, * nowa paper mail who 
hAH U«n frrrai-K the wnier ■!* tlniM 
tt-is an etc-wUneag of llirc doaccr-iLloii 

ana florin P tlia •utb™* oM » .11 niiy- 
Tha Jft"** II tli« 'mu««"*ln oJ-» ricl , 

;i;£ lj tc b> feivfii nL^^crl over 

id* million. They hud In «ana Uio 
SSnt "f th- ™,flict f « th f y,«^ 

VUhDUl f» country. ».«M MiPVC'l 
nnd forth, ever on the K o >■* =>■*«! arm* 
ftnfl then Hie oniioPlnfiT ifcroM »tM 
»n d r-raif.lnrc.,1 their *^«<f=. ,,"^ ; 
most nfiho nnUoiiH in the wrWi^J- 
Rualar.ior coniinuQil. ■ 'itan i^r I* . p«r, 
but Tor th* Jow.'» of that 'l e ™ lpl i*„, aver iSft.OM d escorts™ ««"* 
en, tiror fcl* million i-An'Icrlne le-ira 
nr^rlfetBff, craVilntf In their misery, 
foeilliiB ™ (he bar*, of C^S"!* 
Herns ilint rr,ow i>y the w«.j.fMe> 

wjin JmlJi* HiiT-rC ylnlter of UiIcapjo, 
Mr. ttu*L;in<Ur nW over llie BrftVjea 
ot 13o0 -'OSrow ^tlrnR and lioftnl ]iim 
imtkn ft plftifro <■" ttm srnvo of ihoac 
mnrtytfi. "So lnn K ** ■ b* v * hrealh ■" 
mi- body— so to«K "" ' *""'<- ido pi war 
lV IIS* rriv voice/ 1 will hover cc^k? Io 
«npenl- to th Jowr of A morion + r> hrip 
tliolr hioLlrrei; In TSiimpo wlin have ktjT- 
forcii nn have no aiTn?r poptiIe In Che 
nvn'rW. 4 ' 1 Rtii«e lh*-u irr. Knsl:in'lrr ^1ll 
devoted All Hi" timo *nrt dffrtrts lo flu- 
eist the pcnjil(! w liana misery la iia- 
yowrt dB^Crlptlon. % 

:jlr. n«Fl^n<ler spftltt In A FuTiflu«u 
tone 01 voice but vrrj' Lmn rcs^velr. J[l" 
feellnps ariT '(?nn>ttnne an Ho recalled 
What lie. hail w(tiift»H«t1 hum U«i"= 
tlirou^li wtre rvldcnl- 

"JEWISH WAR SUFFERERS ... The Jews in the immediate district for which the aid 
of the war sufferers' campaign is to be given numbered over six million. ... Over 
300,000 orphans, over 150,000 desecrated women, over six million wandering 
Jews, walking, crawling in the misery, feeding on the bark of trees and on herbs 
that grow by the wayside." 

The Lowell Sun (MA), March 22, 1922, page 14. 

No. 107, 1926 

Page 145 

tt tic ihr Infill j. ;ivtty^( Mi(| -Stf (Tt| LUP| lUl RUJUiMtCiS Iticl/ 

la. l^craupy. kuv<ia. kuoHpix Au*l-ri*- N uJixa»T * F *' J fait*, il» 
vil/mufy irA<«n luvf Irfr n fdt in i«vj <^i^nvt 

^J^ tilltll »nr»tiT**lI. Uvulir4blr 1'J Iff flirni^^. b*v? 

«,. fih^htT't t^n«(*ri. In jli^M owfr tktn mi ' 

Trrtlk. Lai bmi ,n*1«- nif-iirtucraliJitT thai a I tKc (wnr of 

li»«*:<ii trt-trtijiii ,»r,ti SmlNDi l^tmnrf oi |[fbrr» r*, f . I mil 

ife*fK*CTic-|4. «J» i" (^«*t W" »HJ3ri»t^l tl:t Jr*iai. loi?r> lO | 

liinm d* IJirwin (mtu'Lcd * cntovul H"lxi»r for lraiu(4jLBtk4t 
)-■'■<. ■,'!.! Jfvn In m« {nunlrin undrr f>;i* t-nhrlitioM c4 lifr. 
ant r»tv*cJ h aricli no I fit 4 au«n ltd* f< J| *»,ffi)e (k* lllVII, 
jIili:ll Hi, 

!%MjtK J&rt S^niMi^m iui K*a wtnu*ioil ii'nl itt*ift»tflnf. 
41 it te* be futrd ihjl i(» tiiaMry i* o il vtl ill 4n ra<|. Wfcilr 
I h*re rtmt\H In Hv «*f» tnri kimviwi nh m li mil Ifnei * of J*- • i ■ Su 

Br*b*iaj[1)n<rtilfc1iijlk Hrytiilnl^rvt mho rvr1<vl|i ;.ttv nrifl™ 

litr mrnrtn frnnTrrr itwT<- tnut cnniiriu^ to U: a Jewtib njobtian 

"While there remain in Russia and Rumania over six millions of Jews who are being 
systematically degraded," 

Encyclopaedia Bhtannica, 13th Edition, Vol. 1, 1926, page 145. 

No.108, April 1926 



Wednesday evening, March 31, the 
first organization mecrir.g of the Con- 
ference Committee of the Ur.i ted Jewish 
Campaign took place. David A, ftrown, 
national chairman of the campaign, who 
is coming to Montreal to address 
representative* of the Je^iah com- 
munities of Montreal and other cities in 
the, will be welcomed by this 
Committee. Lyon Cohen , Lionel Covien* 
sky, Leon Creatohol, H M C^iscrman, 
R, A. Darwin, Michael Garber Marcus 
Sperber, it. Woks [sky and Rabbis 
Herberr J. Samuel and Hirsch Cohen 
were present. Lionel Coviensky and 
Leon Crestohl wi!l arrange details of the 
conference dinner which wili take place 
either May 4 or I. Lyon Cohen and 
H. M. Caiaerman wirl take care of the 
in vi cations. General meeting was held 
Thursday, Apr(3 8, to complete organiza- 
tion plans. It was r eporte d that due to 

[The original goai of 
$LS,pCO,0O0 on this side hy the United 
Jewish Campaign, had been Increased 
tc $25,000,000, 

Lyon Cohen will send letters of invita- 
tion to leader a of :he Jewish curr.mnnities 
in other cities in the Province of Quebec 
inviting the™ to serve on the Con- 
ference Committee. 

"... the extreme need of 6,000,000 Jews in Russia and Poland," 

Canadian Jewish Review, April 9, 1926, page 4. 

No. 109, February 1930 


'SUTA archive 

Writing the first draft of Jewish history sinee 1917 

february2o, 1930 

50 American Chalutzim Leave for 

The first American group of "chalutzim." which sailed yesterday on the "Mauretania" 
for Palestine, was honored by the Zionists of New York City Tuesday night at a 
farewell reception in the Jewish Club. The group consists of fifty men and women. 
Several hundred people were present at the reception. 

The principal speakers were Dr Shmarya Levin.. Rabbi Stephen 5. Wise and Rabbi 
Gold Dr Levin in the course of his talk, expressed the opinion that EBiliillllMil Jews of 
Eastern Europe are doomed to perish He advised the American "chalutzim" to "write 
good letters home, though without exaggerations" assuring them that no matter what 
hardships they may have to endure in Palestine as pioneers, they will nevertheless feel 

Dr. Wise expressed confidence that England has already recognized its mistakes in 
Palestine and will soon rectify them, and said that the Jews will not surrender under 
threats offeree. "Palestine is not only a refuge for the Jewish homeless but also, and 
more so. for Jewish homelessness." he said. 

Judge Bernard Rosenblatt presided at the reception 

"The principal speakers were Dr. Shmarya Levin, Rabbi Stephen S. Wise and Rabbi 
Gold. Dr. Levin, in the course of his talk, expressed the opinion that six million 
Jews of Eastern Europe are doomed to perish." 

Jewish Telegraphic Agency, February 20, 1930. 

Dr. Shmaryahu Levin (1867 - 1935). 

Jewish Zionist activist in the Russian Empire, who emigrated to the U.S. soon after 1908. 

(photo found in a 1967 edition of his autobiography Forward From Exile, published in Hebrew in the U.S.). 

No. 110, December 1931 


Bad Conditions in South- 

Eastern Europe Reported 

by Rabbi Wise 



Ob airman of American Joint 
D I sttibu tion domtti Ittee 
Hakes Appeal to Cana- 
dian Jewry for Kelp 

au million Jcwi fn Hoatam Hnr- 
Glib r»cD eUrv&Mon i and «vqh 
waran, dtirlnc tho comlftr ^Jitter. 
If addllfonnJ fund* nro not cu!- 
lotted by the AniarlciLn Joint Dis- 
tribution Commlltw id meat an 
cjsLlmbitd budget of fJ.&OMtO uti- 
prfrccdrnlrtJ tiAYtie and Rltiery will 
mte to th& Qverkillng ohamo cC 
humanly at larao, Rabbi Jonah 
Wjsc r of Ntiw York, chairman for 
itli. tflld a EsrEft Gaiherlnfr of Irad- 
rfp In Monirwl Jourijch communal 
Ufa nl a tuncri-on met Hue at tfro 
MantcflBro Club, Qii? Jtrefil, yoa- 

Tha Joint dUtrtbull«n commute* 
has twtn funrUgniriff for ihu naat 
20 ypfirj pi Iho International Jo^v- 
Itft Tied Crcui a«i«ty h ■u(mt< fe m^ni. 
In£ loea] effort ihraMEhout En item 
Europe and A ill tic counts Jem, aa 
w*ll as In o-iti-r parts of the world- 
Felix Worbwrc, International fijtura 

In b ante ink circle*. I ■ tho pi**a1 dffnt, 
Anil Hon- If**rb*rt l>nrnftn H Lleultn- 
ant -Governor of Ngiv Yoth 3 m u\ 
Je the viti-pre&idfnr. 

In st raising the JiaeaiilEy for tlie 
Canadian melromllfr to stop in Hnn 
ivlili iho lorffctt cDmmuntiEci of 
Jewa In tha UntCfd EtatQf. Dr + Wlio 
cmphAUrcJ iho fact that a crlil* 
wa* oi hand that no one «liT4 poi- 
■inly have- foio*c«n lout year, 1'ra- 
ifrdny, he ipok* before a ronneiw* 
tqUv^ jfttlienfitf In Ottawa, and mei 
(JlCAfelna, rfipoma. Ud haped Mont- 
real would if I an cmmjiJe In Mil* 
repprrc. Htrvlnjc u the pMomnkor 
for the Dominion 

In dlicuulnir condition* 


Europe. Dr. U ii# iald thai the 
rtavial Gavrrnm?nt trog a life !o Enc 
awful prtdlrainonL of the Jcwiih 
rrtldcnl*, and wu rD-apTacirifi 1 in 
the uem of Jin nnlllij- Thua HMN 
Jew* Jistvu iwn plarrd on farm** 
due to the ready caih iu polled Ijy 
the Joint dliErJbutlon committee 
TnJi number, or tourae, rr-prciciuc4 
hut a amall portojaia^b of iho ponu- 
lallao, it] 1 1 It VfUM a dJnLjitH *«t" 
fnrkvard la Iho new erdrr of Ihiitfi* 
tmiituEfd by the pi-ei#iiL r^plfne. 

Poland, alap. hae not fftcwl rho 
problonu Ralhor hai It marie the 
nreitnt iieiJtlori af Hit Jewi morn 
Hhhonrnblc Kcanaml^ boyootl* o^i 
d#cEded rcitrlotJen In ovcry branch 
of etidB-avor liavo placed the J4w* 
lah papulation In 4 pred4c<amont t)m 
caunoi be fully retliiod In America 
The iliueiien. In faot. la now won^ 
Ibon It lull aver bten In hliEory 
The picMinj; nrrrj, tber^rerft, wni 
to rueh help t^forq driih feejc |ta 
toll of the he] pic ib, Or. Wjte ^aj>* 

MnrK Workman prtiJd^d at tho 
Itincheen. BtiHod ai iho la^ad Ublr 
wir*r Allnn and Qamu^l Uronfmnn. 
A. If. Jui by. Sol Kfll^rl, Edi-ar 
Berliner. J. L^vEnion, ar^ A. r A 
roh?n F Lyon Cohen, Martin BEmon. 
Rev- Dr H. Afcratmowli^ lUbbl 
Marry Rtrm, Samnol J tart and C. 
N. flommtr. 

"SIX MILLION JEWS FACE STARVATION ... Six million Jews in Eastern Europe face 
starvation, and even worse, during the coming winter." 

The Montreal Gazette, December 28, 1931, page 25. 
Rabbi Wise again 

No.111, February 1932 

One Man's Gift 


Ex€isttaf£ DirwtQr The Federaiim of Jewish Ckitriiws of PhHutdttpkia 

JULIUS RQSENWALD'5 benefaction were many 
and varied^ {see Julius Roscnwald — Fellow Citizen, 
by Graham Taylor, The Survey, FebmaTT t], One 
at ■ I -c it. has always seemed to me she inctit telling piece of 

philanthropic giving of which [ have h.xd InnwJedpp, 

This whs his contribution of a million dollars to, the Atp*i' 
rqm Jewish Relief Committee on March 4, jgij — the Hpt 
President Wilson was reinau£uraiGd P The fate of six million 
people in the shambles- nE the Eastern war-zone hung on his 
derision to give Lt. With hi* tith< of the total suruu American 
Jewry surcessfuHy raked the ten millions then needed for 
succor. More than that, his contribution raised cbe standards 
of wartime fiivtnf throughout the country-. The American 
Red Cross, which. Jtad sinned to obiaii J+iO.oqo.tMio ThrouEh- 
■out the country tar its overseas and; army campw&rk ? shorily 
theieaher Lifted :ts quo*a h under Henry, P, DavEsun's Uiuttt- 
flhip, t» ^IOO.QOO.OOO. 

At the timc h Mr, Eoscnwal J was- in Washington, a 
Jnemtier of the Council of National Defense, and his death 
prompts, me to bell ot the eii^ciTniianees of the gilt, as ai was 
mr privilege to be with him when he nude tt. L Tememner 
those circumstance* very viv3(fty not alone because of rJie 
cumulative signifSc-uncr m" what lie did, hut of how he did it 
Because also thb was The first laige money-raising carnpaien 
in which T haJ t-ulen part ; and 011 the yv ay East Mr - Rosen- 
wald himself had thrown cold -water em my call from the 
American Jewish Relief Committee. "Yoa are a sodal 
we rice?," hi- had said ; "what have vou get to do with -fund 
collecting? It h a profession En itself." 1 The commttree con- 
sisted uf "lir ?hen leaden m American Jewry — Jacob H. 
SehEff, f..ciurs Ma rshall,, Felix M. Wa.rburg r Henry Moructi- 
thau, Herbert H. Lehman, Lee K, Frailfceh Stephen E. Wise, 
Julian W. Mack h and ethers, 

Jn Chicago he hjd t! Tznkly told rne chat had they taken hira 
into their counseLi, - he would not have advised casing mc ; 
and here a forufu£h.T laicr to my dlscomfituie, I wra pelting- 
off the sleeper in Washington on my way to t*y the abilities 
which be thought were not in me, on htm -fen 1 a starlcr. Mr, 
Roscuwald was personally close to the Piesick-m, ihis was the - 
great day in oFEdal Washington, and heaven alone knew 
whether, for nil his usual generous, leaninE*, he would be in 
a mood to listen to my horror-mong£erifl£ atient the Jews af 
Eastern Europe- 

But Mr. Rosen wald, T had been told, was the only re- 
liance cif the CommLLTce. If he failed Its. all our pjans 
would be headed for the rocfe, That morning, I had his 
aWttFtnce that he would uiaie time to see me late Fn the 
evening, Mv notes at the time tell of the suspense and 
imcr-rratnty thar filled ray day until I was paeifl|r tJie cor- 
rEdo-T^. of the Willard Hotel waiting for him To return 
from art offidal (Hnnerv He stopped for hi* rnail at the 
hotel desi, before some senators surrounded hipi- T toucheil 
his sho*ddcr and whispered in his *af t]kar I had lomerhinj 
of importance tc> ctinvef to bfm. He studied me cahnly. 
"Is it very, verjr important ? M he asked !%htly, and btfo« 
J eould iTiv^ him my empharic reply he bade hi* fccrtds 

goodnLBtit and drew rue off co a so:a in a comet of the lobby, 
|£ Wrll, tell me abour. it," he said, as soon as we had sat 
dwflr 1 glanced up at him an4 my en Lire haiatijue on 
which I had spent so much arduous toil and thought ev,a.p- 
o^sted, I heard myself, to my own flreat suiprise, telling 
liim in the very atmplcsi and most unadorned ttjh tlint a 
L'ampiiigit fox ten mUllon dollars was ahgut to be la-uciebed ; 
that it needed acme powerful dramatic stimulus to- start it 
off effectively and to end it SiKeessiuHr; that the committee 
had dcteimjned thjt nothing but a ^rcat. single gill would 
serve and that he alone cuuld make that pft. 1 dwelt 
hardly at all rm the state of thingi abroad^ meiely indicating 
in a matter of ia^t way what he was well aware of, that 
the ■cfthditron. of the European Jews was growing inereas- 
injfly *v^rse, und that therefore a renewed enWt on. a muth 
fcaitet scale than had ever been tried inust be initiated. 
He listened to me wtthout comment wlpiEe my appeal was 
Cath^nn^; momentum., 1 had had hundreds -of convejsatJons 
with Mr. Rosenwald but [ had never h^roi*? a=lrd him for 
wntrcbutions of any sort, and nevej beEore had 1 seen a 
face so transparenT and iercfle H md yet so profoundly 
thoughtful. We sstratd both aught by a -common great 
purpose," As I concluded with my specific request f&r a 
round million the iarnescfiesB of hes expiesaion deepened, 
fie said, "Do ygu ttiinfc Et will do any good ?" 
I nodded z:li] Wii aboirt to make a highly eolofed f^rE-- 
tast of ihe lesylts u-l such a contribution, when he added r 
ir Very well, I will do it. You may go back to New York 
and tell them that I'll do rr," 

VJO <*ne who bis fcftown. Julius Rosenwald wilt fiild anf 
■*- ^ -cause for surprise in the manner in which by his out- 
standing generosity he paW th-t way for so much that fol- 
Wed. It was thoroughly fn keeping with the modesty^ the 
vision and the utter selflessness of the man. I have a very 
vivid picture in my mind of the complete- absence in his man- 
ner of any thyught of vain reward. His quick, unhtsLtatmg 
rcsjKHiae had in it ail the elements oE an insiinctwe reaction, 
But his reward came nevertheless in the great incentive' 
chat he gave to his felraws throughout the country to fol- 
low his example i and that r tor him is fnr any genuinely 
generous heart, was reward enough, Npt alone the Ameri- 
can Jewr&h Relief Committee hui the eotmtry as a whole 
was soon to feel the impetus of hk unparalleled acL The- 
Presidcot of the United Stare? at once estimated its im- 
portance and Telegraphed to him in these words.: 

Your oncitiibutian of one miUion dollars tp the Ten MiLLidfl 
DoIEaf Fund ior the Relief at Jewish War Sufferers serves 
dtra&caracy ai wc31 as fa intimity. The RuBi[an Revolution has 
opened the d&ir of ErEEdmn to an oppressed people but unless 
they are given lite naif strength *od c«urB£e the OptinrtUnitj 
cr certurie? w-Li av*\\\ t.hfQL tittle. It ia to ^merlta that tKese 
xtacving mi I linns look Eor aid and out -of out pTOSpeHry, fniit 
of free Jnstitutions h should spring a vast 2nd enflohling gen- 
CToaLty. Your gjft lays an obligation even while it fgmwhe* 
an iflsptTation. 

WrfKiD#i?w WlL5[>jr 


"This was his contribution of a million dollars to, the American Jewish Relief 
Committee on March 4, 1917-the day President Wilson was reinaugurated. The 
fate of six million people in the shambles of the Eastern war-zone hung on his 
decision to give it." 

The Survey (Survey Associates Inc., NY), February 15, 1932, p. 531. 

No.112, April 1932 



Gives Excellent Performance in ''Symphony of Six 
Million**; Irene Dunne Has Feminine Lead; 

Lillyan Tashman Booked to Appear Sunday 

Hieardo Cortes has always; given his best to his screen pcrf&rm- 
nnces but to his work in ''Symphony of Sik Million" the motion picture 
industry should doff its hat. 

As Dr. Felix Klauber of Fanny Hurst J s emotional tale of New 
York's EJhetto, Cortes craft ps the colorful drama thai 
Miss Hurst tells nnd he not only plays the role in 
which he is cast but lives* it. 

"Symphony of Six Million" i* every bit as acjiiti- 
mental a* the name of its author wan Id lead one to 
believe. But it ish'L an offensive- emotionalism^ The 
i-haracterizntimiR are shaded with the deh'ente nuances 
of action and the dramatic sequences are vibrant In 

e f [ ectiveness, 

The story i* that of a young Jewish doctor » who in 
the mistaken belief fhub his family d wires wealth, 
jrives up Ihe dreams of hiw youth and become a a 
famous- surgeon, whose patients are in the main 
women with imaginary ailments, but very material 
hank accounts. The death of life father, which his 
"m ill ion-dollar hands 1 ' arc » nab Is to prevent* brings 
IREWE, DUNNE ^' ni ^° tt yca l' aa tion of his duty to humanity. 

The film brsngfs a changed Cortes to audiences that 
have seen him during the past few years in villainous roles. He plays 
the part with u vast amount of sympathy and, indisputably, it is the 
best thing that he has done to date. 



if lfeS3| 

Able Players. 
Irene Dunne t to whom high 

praise is at all times due because 
she is an actress who plays with 
artistry and feeling, has the femi- 
nine lead opposite fortes. 

Excellent judgment was also 
used in selecting- the vest of the 
east. Anna An pel, formerly of the 
Yiddish Art theater, plays Cortex" 
mother: Gregory Katoff, orsLwhile 
star of the Moscow Art theater, u 
tha most believable Jewish father, 
and others of ability are Noel 
Madison us the brother and J-ita 
Chevret as the sister. 

Tha picture was directed with 
understanding nnd, its very lack of 
artifice makes the production twice 
as forceful as it might otherwise 
have been. "Symphony in Six Mil- 
lion" is good, clean entertainment 
with a tremendous amount of 
human appeal, and as such is rec- 
ommended lor the family audience. 
fash man in Person* 

The person at appearance at the 
Capitol Sunday of Lilly an Tnsh- 
man t one of tho screen's most col- 
orful f iff urea, is announced by the 
management. Miss Tashman, who 
in private life is Mrs. Edmund 
Lowe, will bE here May 2S. 

Her appearance will be part of 
tha regular Stanley stage show to 
be brought to the Capitol for "the 
ana day, and will bring to a close 
Sunday stage shows for the sum- 
mer geason, it is understood, 

The Heratd-Star (SteubenviWe, Ohio), May 24, 1932, p.5 

"Symphony of Six Million" 

A film by PKO Pictures. Directed by Gregory La Cava, written by Fannie Hurst (story), J. Walter Ruben, Bernard 
Schubert (screenplay), starring Ricardo Cortez. Released April 1932. 

No. 11 3, March 1933 


tew IW Fl*wJ ■ rt J'-tW^rfJlri. Mw TK S9JJ, 

R^lKri HkUrtid J ^cv*#t» Tht HP* VltI. Tmm (IBM - 3«*l 


Board CaJJs on Washington to 

Take Persecutions Up With 

German Authorities. 


Meet! rig to Plan Relief Program 

Called by JoJnt pEatrlbutlon 

Group tot- Sunday. 

Without a single dissenting: vote, 
the Board of Alderman adapted & 
resolution yesterday petitioning the 
United States Government to make 
"Vigorous and proper representa- 
tion" to the German Government 
against the persecution of Jews by 
the Hitler regime. The resolution 
waf offered by Alderman James F- 
Kiernan of Coney Island and waft 
moved for immediate adoption oy 
AJdenn&n Joseph Reich, of the 
rorty-ninth district, Brookljm. 

spurred by cable* from Germany 
announcing an economic boycott 
against Jews oy the Nazi party, 
5tep£ were talten yesterday by the 
American Jewish Congress to raise 
an emergency fund to help the 
Jewish sufferers antf combat the 
anti-Semitic campaign* 

At the same time the American 
Jewish Joint Distribution Commit- 
tee announced that it would hold 
a special meeting- on Sunday after- 
noon at Temple Emanu-^l to dis- 
cuss a program of relief for Jewish 
a-uffercrs- in Germany. A report on 
the extent of relief required will be 
made at the Dieting, Announce- 
ment of the meeting was made by 
Dudley I>. Richer, fifibhl Jonah B, 
Wlse> chairman, of the national fund 
raising committee of the orejanita- 
tinn> and Joseph C. Hyman* secre- 
tary of the joint distribution com- 

Appeal for £*unds Tstued. 

An. appeal in behalf of Jewish 
sufferers in Germany was issued by 
Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, honorary 
president, and Bernard S, pcutsch, 
president of the American Jewish 
Congress* It said in part: 

"The American Jewish CongresB, 
representing American Jewry, 
through whefl* initiative and de- 
votion this great awakening of 
public ^aa brougnt 
about, is seeking an emergency 
fund to enable It to carry on the 
gigantic work it has undertaken in 
the name of the Jews In America. 

"It must wage vigorously this 
great battle against anti^emiLism 
and its efforts must not abate until 
justice Is restored to the Jews of 
Germany and in other lands. 

"the necessary funds must he 
forthcoming:, Every Jew must 

five. Let the deptn of your feeing 
e measured by the generosity of 
your gift. 

"We in America have taken the 
lead in a battle for the preservation 
of German Jewry. We must help 
them and ^4 will help them/' 

The spokesmen for the American 
Joint Distribution Committee de- 
clared ihftt the committee was in 
close contact with the German 
situation through its Berlin office, 

"This office has Hot been mo- 
lested and is in free and continuous 
contact With Germany as well as 
the i-e-si of Europe since lE*£l. fch the 
Bpokasmen declared, "The Ameri- 
can officers of toe Joint Distribu- 
tion Committee have the utmost 
confidence in the judgment o£ 
their representatives in Germany, 
The Joint Distribution Committee is 
in a position to distribute aid 
promptly and effectively. 

*'It is also in a position to #o Into 
any place as a neutral because of 
its charter and Its history. Tbe 
Joint Distribution Committee is a 
nen-polttlcal organization, organ- 
ized solely for relief and philan- 
thropic aid. It has the same 
neutral character as tbe Ked 

"It is now active fn relief and re- 
constructive _wflr]tirL Eastern Eu^ 
rope where 6,000.000 Jews are in- 
volved. The xork there jb done 
through the office in Berlin, 

"Tbe Joint Distribution commit- 
tee has in variably worked In the 
closest cooperation with national 
and local welfare and sociai organ- 
izatlons, This polfcy -will, of course, 
be consistently pursued in any re- 
lief Work undertaken In Germany. 

Nothing will be done without tae 
fullest cooperation of organised 
Agencies in that country/" 

TCeetinftS n* Other OLHea. 

Protest meetings are being planned 
in ta4rty-two cities of the United 
States as well as in Canada, it was 
■announced yesterday at the office 
of the American Jewish Congress, 
122 East Forty-second Street, Bal- 
timore will hold a mass meeting on 

Tlie Congress received a teJeuram 
from Governor Albert C Hltchie of 
Maryland, adding his protest to 
those of forty-two other Governors. 
Governor Ritchie wired: 

"I would like to add my voice of 
disapproval and condemnation of 
the treatment to which reliable. In- 
formation Indicates Jews have been 
subjected In Germany." 

Nineteen members of the faculty 
Of Dartmouth College signed the 
following; protest: 

M We. faculty members at Bart- 
mouth College, do hereby register a 
sincere and fervent protest against 
the an tl -Semi Mc activities of the 

E resent German Government, We 
eileve the continued maltreatment 
of Jews in Germany, as openly 
countenanced hy Herr HUler's ad- 
ministration . is misjiulded in theory 
tits nationalistic basis being; dan- 
Herons to world peace), umntelll- 

fent and medieval In purpose, and 
rutally uncivilized in practice/ 1 

New York TJn I varsity students will 
protest in a similar vein at a mass 
m^etinc; to be held today under the 
auspices of the Christian Associa- 
tion and the Menorah Society at the 
university's School of Education 
auditorium, 37-41 West Fourth 

On behalf of the German- Jewish 
Cme/recation, 652 Lexington Ave- 
nue, Habbl Ma* Mallna. Dr. Brnst 
H, Feilchenfeld, Dr. Frits Schles- 
"i|?r f Robert Rosenbaum and Her- 
man Secgnda laeued a statement 
last night express! rt# confidence in 
the assertions of Dr T Julius Bnod- 
nitsn, chairman of the Central 
Union or German Citizens of the 
Jewish Faiths and of Rabbi Dr. 
Esra Munh> leader of orthodox 
Jewry la Germany, 

if We have absolute faith, and con- 
fide-ace In these statements," thay 
jaid, "the main contents of which 
are warning against cm kg; e rated 
reports and requests for Immediate 
termination of all actions oRced on 
unproved information. We know 
these two distinguished leaders of 
German Jewry and are sure that 
they would never, not even under 
preHEiire, siprn their names Under 
declarations which they linow to 

contain tvteek&aat* , 

"The Joint Distribution Committee ... is now active in relief and reconstructive 
work in Eastern Europe where 6,000,000 Jews are involved." 

The New York Times, March 29, 1933. 

No. 11 4, September 1935 

THR [>AI1.¥ AJIHR*J&. Hon.. &iH<mOtt ft, 1HA 



to-d-ays IVEA7WSS 

PrvwUie 14s J»Kh :rom the FaJOfrl to 
LUl- \i-i'ifrlandjt Weather TJ51 bp 
loir, exLed-l, i^tupa* In Wrel Irc.otirf, 

London and [bn S^LHb.~-FaEr Of 
fine. Avcmpc tennjjerfrtoie, Ugbt w 
irtpdernto wind. 


W$it and garaewhit warmer In 
Cmil ErLLatn and probably in Eon. 
XretlAd * 

S*a Fjiaasr* — Slight, 

Airff^ys, — Fair, 

f.iffiLl-tip, — 8 .3$ p.m. 




Stormy Scenes at 

Meeting in 


T UMP1NG Iron* nil softl- sinn protfii.: is 

Romance of 





N Ur]ri>hS to £&M.frMl married the pra- 
prJetor aC a London Ir.cLor busdneES 

Congress Defends Polish Jews, 

Wireless ro THH NKW YORK TtMHS. 

PrcQuesl Historical Newspapers The New York Times ( 1351 - 2006] 

W i r* to Tuk New "STo-m tc Tijuuji. 

LONDON", Sept. 1. -The prelim- 
inary session of Ihe first world con- 
ference of the Federation of Polish 
Jews being^ attended by sixty dele- 
gates from eighteen countries rep- 
resenting | | ly as held 
in the East End of London tonight. 
Many delegates have traveled thou- 
sands of miles to attend the confer- 
ence by which they seek to improve 
the rnndiUons of 3,500,000 Jews in 

A^ Tarle, chairman of the federa- 
tion in Britain, in welcoming: the 
delegate* 3 , said many eminent Hrit- 
ish Jews had commended the pur- 
pose of the conference. 


Six mlllLan An *tn «DT««fiteQ 
&t tie !urt wOrld OWiltrtftiJ* vl 

Pijjiih Jaw* abroad, which 0£*Befl 
#e Wobura Hcum, lujton-,. yrater- 
rtu-y, Typical menibtrn aie weir 
L-.E c^fcrictarLitk txpj r One Lon- 
don flibW wilxfd out u x p»l«t. 

The Daity Express (UK) 

September 9, 1935 

In Yiddish. & London Ruhbk wuix.i>d 
oot of KM hall nt the opening yesterday 
ut imp drst world coTKitwriee of PaiLsti Jews 


He wfts Rft&iil S2i|ietma;j. a wtij-tno^'n 
LrudiT o; Etw ?wish uuDmunlU 1 in Esist 

The confen-nM, m wnloh MbttXm Horn 
elichleen coHnljriK ar* panic ij*uua. ti Kpr*- 
wiilatiVE 01 ft.Q00.MH Pttlinh Jrws. urnn thr-ri ■ i 
dw:r vanou.i, nulonfi I f- (Jn-nl iojiy h-Mp t*otU-«1 
10 t*&e united wtktt. in the DrepArDiinn of a 
jcnette U> AUevlAle Ihe 3.5M.MO di&raud Jew* 
in Prtl*nd. 

TUe Mflleeme* I* nein* Utld xl Wobura 
H<nJSC. EijsLon 

Followed Him Out 

t\ wsmjr *HLU; UT. Z. H^ibcr, flim. 5"Trt.Tr7 o: 
thr Pcdcrfttlwi ftT PolKiB, J<^ in Oreit, Brt- 
lain. ww. d*(flii!M tfi* inoMvrt nl the n»n(er- 
snre, tha^ R-nhis 3hp*lm»i> mtlked out 

~ l~ It i ■ a -i I • :; : !-■■-. Mtirk nn ;■ i II- ■' hr- | >r • • 

\*-U> :.\-. -I hK 7.-II..M [Q Mil- ■ h.Hll:. .,?. m 

.irmounf*' p«blktv Utc raLsran why tbs Hojrtl 
i»t UtpTltln ol British Jfws ^a» T10( n jtki.i Mr 
nprratnUd Jt the romm-nre hail b»a re- 

lliC p'atfor^i [^""ti' <ippi-4i(C(i ncsplunfid At 
Hit Rjbbi's cM,;.(»>ijr^"- Tnc chiilrniim rventu- 
x'y vi-n\-ot-.'iTHWi *-tll tM SfttHM. whn []i*ri> 
HI^th LpU lKy hiAll *tkll prtji^stm^ 

y*Vtfiil OtPtF rtOl&^A-'.t?; fbl!tiv-.-.-Ll 





Vtnrixbl c Je* waft flnt &1 Jargt audience fct world coater*Qte: ol 
Pjj[[sh Jfsws Abraad which bctf a^ *P1 London y*5lerdfty. Cfrn- 
l*rcncc re pjtseois *bt mlUton ffflUxli Jews. - It h« rf i*i*cd lo 
[4Ke unlttd aclton to slfc viaic iht suffers ci of J^Q.OOa Jew* In 
Poliuiil Oood wUi mRsxBes w*r* nccLvcd, iwm Archhithop of 
C^nfeAury, VlHourt Cecil bid Vlfsegimt aoowdiiL 

"The preliminary session of the first world conference of the Federation of Polish 
Jews being attended by sixty delegates from eighteen countries representing 
6,000,000 Jews was held in the East End of London tonight." 

The New York Times, September 8, 1935. 

"Six million Jews are represented at the first world conference of Polish Jews 
abroad ... 6,000,000 Polish Jews." 

The Daily Mirror (UK), September 9, 1935, page 1. 

" conference of Polish Jews Abroad which began in London yesterday. 
Conference represents six million Polish Jews." 

The Daily Express (UK), September 9, 1935. 

No. 11 5, August 1936 

VOL. CI-XV. No, 190 


Delegates of 32 Nations Re- 
present SteJfllWtolL 


Will Form Permanent Or- 

ffanis&Uon and Treat Im- 

medi&tiily More Pros&ine 

Question!, President Soya 

nvirelei* 10 The Now York Time* 
and The Gaieiic) 
Geneva. August ?— E* lwl« or 
32 countries reprtttJiiiTifi fix or 
acvon mil iron of the ia.<M0,OBQ Jews 
Ln tbc world arrived for the first 
world conference opening here I** 
morrow nifthi. Dr* Swphm S, Wise, 
lis pre*idcni* laid the pre» ot a rt- 

cennon today. 

t« bPliSSd ISO or iht » dflf- 
Atl Off ntmcd would Bllntd and lirlfl 
thP Ds^tntiLy to be "itif first *";d 
mo*l rtprwftlnHvc of I if kind *■* 
Jewish bistory." . , _ 

Dr. %Vt« d-rfinrd the Conrjcss 9* 
« in expression of l»* wll) o( JpWl 
from many lands earneuly to wit; 
aid^r and p*JblLc]y }o e^*f Jhj'I 
common prnfcLema. 10 subinH mf-tt 
lo the non-J*wiph world for under- 
hand ms and co-opera i ion a nE J io 
the Jewish pcoulc for soliilion. 

His amemen* wmmfed mm fm 
Comtrous work trifl be two -fold. 
Firtl to ennstitulo a permanent 
world onranttauon pf that portion 
el ih# Jew* whieh believe in such 
«T£nn Italian? 

Second !*. to ireal Jm medially 1J» 
more proline of lh * * utt V w i! J-i 
which the orconuation U bMtWj 
/amir^, stich as ihe PalMlinwn and 
German problems- 

Leon KubowmU ol Belgium will 
wejfnl On Monday n proposal for 
eonjiituiioji of ihc^ Conflrc** per* 
manently Sin« those Jcwa who 
opccie lhfo method of treating us* 
Jcuiah question am tofctnij no psrt 

thi*y expect moil at the debate will 
centra on iho second point. 


■ J I rausl make elear that Ihc 
World Jewish Conjtrxu" Or. Wise 
iAid* **i not parliament pr an at- 
Irmpl ll parlLnnwni. thai It la noiii- 
Joe more thnn an assembly of rc- 
nrctcniailvcs of those Jewries 
winch choo&e to asaori&te llwm- 
polvw in drfence of Jrwun stains* 
jl Li not ea*^ to cilimatc haw many 
Jews wilt oc ' i*i*r»enlrd at l no 
Conarefj bul w* boLevo more lhan 
one ih^rd of Iho toifll Jew* JP tiiC 
world Will bf" , 

QireMion* brou^nl out limt mc 
Congresi includes no ddcjijic* itum 
the Je^e in Germany and Ittisiia 
T5x Vise *flid n W3S impossible iur 
IJip former io attend ta/eiy and e«- 
muKd mrsonal hope ihai the tal- 
ler wit I bo represented m Ihe fu* 

Tha isnly other Smparunt coun- 
tries wiih Jrwun commuiiiues 
*hich arp not included a mnnr Uie 
32 countries seem to be Holland 
and the Scandinavian nation*- fiov* 
cnty delepaiea ore Amerjcan*. 

Anjwcnnc quesiiona or Wtio 
explained inat univefial democi ai- 
ls cI^e^ ion of deleijplei nad oeen 
possible "onl^ in a very few coun- 
ines. rt E.mphssizjnfi th&l the con- 
ercBi did nol pretend io repreienl 
all Jctv*. ha aid 1 ,. 

■There are many Jewa In the 
world; too many Jews who do not 
u-anl ihc Jewish eenfVWS loom^ny 
a^hameo of heme Je\^» or who do- 
lieve ihot Jfrwiah qiicjtiiOn* ran oe 
belter solved toy cnnriiy potj;ioni 
and olhCf cxulmn wny*. 

The Eitecunve CommlUee de* 
rided lodjiy lo prfifwsc lhal the con- 
Htcsi csiatjtiin ittx mam ceinmu- 
non J- namely political, anii-ju^nuiic 
defence, twyeoiL evflnomic fnianee 
and nonnn&Upn, *f1i0 orftMiiwn 
Jiiipe to adjoom rrlday, 

"Delegates of 32 Nations Represent six million Hebrews." 

The Montreal Gazette, August 8, 1936, page 5. 

No. 11 6, November 1936 

"If one goes further afield, and takes the Jewries of Rumania, Latvia, Lithuania, 
Austria, one sees practically the same picture, and it is no exaggeration on my 
part to say that today almost six million Jews ... in that part of the world are 
doomed to be pent up in places where they are not wanted, and for whom the 
world is divided into places where they cannot live, and places into which they 
cannot enter. ... These six million people to whom I have referred are condemned 
to live from hand to mouth. They do not know today what is going to happen 
tomorrow ... it affects the fate of six million people." 

Weizmann, Chaim. The Letters and Papers of Chaim Weizmann: Vol.11, December 1931 -April 1952. NJ; Transaction Publishers. 1 983. pp.1 02-3. 

President of World Zionist Organisation, and the future first President of Israel, before the 
British "Peel Commission" on the future of British Mandate Palestine. November 25, 1936, 

No. 11 7, December 1936 


Gathering to consider Ihe crliit 

confront ins tMMflg J * W| ia Cen- 

trat and Eastern Europe, leaders 
from the United States and Canada, 
associated with the American Jew- 
ish Joint Distribution Committee, 
will meet Sunday In the new ball- 
room of the Hotel Astar. 

Governor Lehman will address 
the croup from 12 noon to 12:15 P. 

NT HjS Ulk WJjll be bruadea*1 uvi ; 
NBC* red network. Felix U. War- 
bun, national chairman, will report 
on the $3,500,000 national campaign 
for funds. Coincident with the na- 
tion at gathering, the committee will 
hold m annual meeting for the 
transaction of regular business and 
for the flection of next year's of* 

"JEWISH RELIEF BOARD TO HEAR LEHMAN SUDAY Gathering to consider the crisis 
confronting 6,000,000 Jews in Central and Eastern Europe," 

New York Post, December 1 1 , 1936, page 19. 

No. 11 8, February 1937 

Jews Should Be Thankful 
They Live in United States, 

Hadassah Leader Declares 

Stating that '^MftMO Jew in cen- 
tra! Europe ha^e neither iife nor 
death because of extreme persem- 
lion*/' M^. Emanuel HaLpern el 
New Yctk city* member of the 
national board' of Hadassah urged 
those attending the first annual 
donors' dinner of the Filchburg* 
Leora inster Hadaassh l &* Brooks' 
restaurant, Inst night; (o.^'thank f^od 
that we are living in the United 
States where all peoples . are free," 
' ITie dbuieT* first ol its kind in this 
part ef Worcester ccu:uy, w?ab 
rr^rked by an announcernPTU that 
the chapter had raised $2E5 fo: con- 
tributions fo a_ national hind which 
is used in the rehabilitation and re- 
settlement of Palestine .by .Jewish 

"Aid Lmpressi ve^ convincing lalkeir. 
Mrs. Halpem congratulated the 
chapter tor. the completion of a suc- 
ceulul year, following her intro- 
duction by MJSii Florence" Chltoff, 
TnnTtrnistrtyss, of thiff city.' 

"This is a Joyoiis time for Hadaa- 

a*d all" «ver the country," he aid, 
"for on F^bt 25. the 350 enaplcre 
celebrate iht E5flr anniversary of 
their work in the rehabilitation ef 
Palestine, '"."■*" 

ThAokliii To U; S, 
"And. we should, be thankful we. 
sre living jn the United Stat** 
where our people are not subject 
to the persecutions that they art in 
other landsi President Roosevelt in 
his inaugural address bur year? ago 
spot* a word of vital meiiningAo nil 
people? ■:>! Lilts ]«nd whftn he said he 
would never permit a law io be en- 
acted whio:i uronld force? any citizen 
of the Unitei States to become su- 



(CoaUiurd ttnm Pan* Onej 

H1 Thi5 is one land w hich all Jev *h 
people can consider their nonte— a 
home oi freed*™ and equality 

'Today many nations arv busy 
with a problem of caring for thci 
Jewish population? The prime min- 
ister of Poland is one of the many 
officials in central European coun- 
tries oppressing our people, a EftcO 
that can trace it* ancestor back more 
than 3000 yews It te difficult to 
understand the attitude of surh 

"Neither Life Nor Death* 1 

"The treaty at Versailles granted 
freedom to minority groups l&t F&- 
land, Germany and Rumania have 
forgotten this clause Today there 
bra 6O0O0M million Jews m ecntiaj 
| Europe who hive neither life ii'fl 
death 4 

Mrs Ha] pern fold oF the start <ri 
rehabihtaiion work in Palestine by 
Jewish people who desirea to- **- 
05ial4ish Palestine as their home 

Hadasssh in this re-organisation 
Ori^mally their plan had been two- 
fold t iirsl to develop a mtdical pro- 
gram in Palestine and secondly to 
carry on <a program e£ education 
among the Jewish people in the 
United Stales 

l 'Now as we near the close of a 
quarter of a century -of work," she 
concluded 1 "we find that our efforts 
have not been in v^jn The rebuild- 
ing has been a tremendous tasli* but 
we are making steady progress 
Duriag the past two years we have 

been able to transport 1550 children 
between the ages of 15 and 17 from 
Germany to Palestine where they 
receive educahon and opportunity 
far beyond that offered in Jfriropean 

Parents Suffer Hardships 

. * p Although their emigraiion m 
many cases means the breaking up 
oi faimiltea, yet Lhe parents in Gfir- 
many are willing to subject them- 
selves to these hardships They 
know that if titttr children are 
brought up in Germany Jjf e holds no 

'Under the piojects established by 
the Jewish National Fund, lands in 
Palestine have beeji boug h ( an<i n*w 
settlements started There has been 
a. steady smmL^ration to such sts vk- 
tent -hnL h?j;.sej cannot b? built fast 
enough to cure for all the fa^ilta) 
Schon]^ pnd universities have been 
estabOithed unc wnrk un IKh t\*w ^rd 
modem, RoUcixLd-HiiJass-sih hes- 
piUl has begmi A symphony or- 
chestra has been formed by Jewish 
musicians who have fled from other 
count rues where genius is not recog- 
nized among our people, 

,b It 15 a fiieat wo^k we are doing 
and we will do -much more with 
your help And the help of other 

chapter a duung the next quarter of 
a century,*' 

£dlertaJiunent Given 
Pievious to the speaker. Mi** 
Eunice Hosen offered an ui voca- 
tion President Mrs, Harry La vine 
of Leorrunster praised the chaptar 
for its work during the first jeer of 
Lta organization "We have had an 
excellent rfesponfie to uur KflUeSt3 
for funds and our meetings have 
been well attended; 1 she ssk1 p "but 
I knou that during (h* ne^t year 
we wiU progress much further" 

Entertainment wad provided by 
Rose Slobm Berlyn r vocalist and 
Mrs Aid* fienc^ld, aecoiupamst, 
both of Worcester 

Mr* Benjamin Asher gave a read- 
ing A skit, "An Evening at Home," 
was presented by Cora Podonle, Ida 
Rftler and Irwm Lcvine. 

"Stating that "6,000,000 Jews in central Europe have neither life nor death 
because of extreme persecution," Mrs Emanuel Halpern of New York city, member 
of the national board of Hadassah urged ... Today there are 6,000,000 million (sic) 
Jews in central Europe who have neither life nor death." 

The Fitchburg Sentinel (AAA), February 17, 1937, pages 1 & 11. 

No. 11 9, December 1937 

Dr. Stephen Wise in Fiery Defense of Jews 

Gives Facts, 
Fictions in 
Lecture Here 

SeE-vJee In IIlo hleheaE deprm I* 
I hi [ofllML aim nJ the- Jew nnd h* 

will F*t*^e without rf*rr*i*iEfln; 
don't mnkf hlr wny hard 

Tbui epohe Dr. ittepben B. W|n*. 
iflhh) of Um Free SvoaencJe of Ihe 
City if New Ydtk, Ih a llcfy defenie 
Of ihe Jt-ww |ci llsr fiiat lrOlura of 
the nnnuAl Fnruni. procmpn. of I|ip 
Men"* dub af lha Cot«r*e*Men 
RelhrEI la*C flight at [ho *udlle> 
FLtlTtL of Btl Ike-ley school, bcC-jro III 
JiU*UPnCQ 0! 4M ndriaiift. 

A world len-dex 1n rehpjlniu, rdu. 
caHonat and d^Lc JiffnUd, Dr Wpsn 
apoke Jm IhU elly len year* are. *nd, 
in tpnreciutEdn of hli return her* 
he. wn pivj-n q dinner Jttil -prior 
to the freture. The dinner *u» At 
Lho Mohlesn hotel, mid elercymen 
of levera! dejiomlfiatloin m 
smojip ihp io bihjei 

Dr. Wise npnkr briefly Al ilir din- 
ner, and hi* *ubjeel for the leeEdre 
*l BuJkdey KU«d| wn* F*el* and 
Flu Hon 1 Annul Ilia Jmmj, 

U I -! - :i. I-.-- Ueyrr 

Auuinry eliJC aaVer, hreiiiifrit 0? 

: If Tilen'i Club. 1 c-iinr":: te lh*l Lha 

FnrMm pes pen l» Che club'n fOUClh, 

Welparned m e pu*Ml. 

Ituhfli Bimurl 5. nudermon of 
(ha Convene 1 (on Heih-El told ef 
I ha hmory of Eh a Men'* dub aitd 
Lho r-'--!:ii!-i srHc*. HiylnE Ih* club 
had iOUfiilL 10 liTlfiff mf-ti. of «Mt 

(hence 1* IhJa *Hy »nrf had luexerd* 
adL Ho snorted (Hal .general Inter- 
est hflM been *hnwji In I tiff *Wies. 
R-ahbl ftiideriuivn preienEed AHor- 
n#y Mnrni Luhchsnrky, who,, Jn 
lun>. Introduced Dr. H'Im, 

-Ftr 1* a lender. Lyncher and 
pehelar." Alierjiey LubcbaniJr.y Mid, 
ri A m»n of coursce and shworpCy.. ho 
deliberate!} seeks out. me tfulh 
and hdtdly rwld r$v#nmly jw-anM-lrwt 
It to. Ehri whelfi world. Tb hl< ewn 
pp^plo, he Iji *n frrJil«r-4*i of iho 
frrifl-i, ha la a patrEot. at pg«4 to 
rhn 1*h*.|» wo-nld "' 

Li-Ltnri?. b.s l>r. Wlu 

Exnniilnj; nlf*iur* at hdns In 

N«W London, again, Dr. Wisr jpnVe 
1 11 formml !■> of mvcnil auhjceU h*~ 
tore fr.icrinp upon hli lecture Ko 
cdninif-idcd Rpbbl Rudcrrtlnn'ji 
.Ttrvice h, Ihii city. And tnNI fho 
dinue:- IvhltJL had t^tfn h#ld Al the 
Mohican hotol wai rcniiy a Irib/utc 
1,0 tlic FocaE rabbi. Dr. VVlae Jdanti- 
Hed hlmKlf hm h*vlnfr bo^n bdni 
on St. Pa.E rErk'i day— "a jm* E. day" 

Slnrltue hli iMMrr, Dr P WJm 

laJdl that the "ffcetpi nbo je the Jewi 
oro -obvlDifir Eh« flcMgni *tc ir.rrr. 
iUliElc." Mo IJHlca fit HE RDfiUE lha 

One h* aaEd I* "Chat Eho Jow li 
n wA,id*rtr Mi^n Eho fa<d of Lhe 
TftitU. front laud La land, dime Eo 
uHm*. cpminpnl to eamiiiQiLi.'* and 
ndd ihuL Lho iraElc key lo (hit 
*nrMef thnt Eh# J"t Ii fcrr-.n fons 
dwmed lo ho * hnn>dr»*i wpn- 
r*fef Ik held tn ihu Npw TOita- 

Thi+ hr aa Id £rrt» Oil! Of I he 
rocord Ihjit when Jr*up vri pntnj: 
IO ".Uvjijv .ir.iJ «niLL'Ki In ic^i. a 
mnmrnl "n" 'wns Rr^'Pi^n hv a Jnv 

In n-i Ullhlhld vtny .\r.-i k icruLoiJ 
to h-nvo >nid- 

"Thoii ihall wander tinlll I re- 
turn," 1 

Piiylnf; IhnE. he wb* |srerwrfd to 
admtE IhaC I hero mifcht have hern 
a. person who would nddie** uit. 
klitd words in Jeiua. Df, Wtie **• 
sorted. Iinwvej Ehcl "J. * Jew, 
cannot believe that men tent I* hlB- 

' If 1 ivcrc ft Clulsllnn III I Oiri 

a Jew. I wauJd refui* Id believe 
that Je*u* uttered a word th* h 
nvn-uld juB'.Lfy the Jew* wmndtn-np 
through c*n(tirtej- Ho who uld: 
'Fonrt^P ihrm Father fnr thrjr 
know not whAl I hey do," could not 
lurn lo &no offender and u> ! the 
woida lhat wcuEd condemn n pc^ 
pic. ,^^^^^^^-^^ 

Sf.v MM I Imi Jr>w* IKmielewi 

Dl. VVHp- uid IhrtE llMTfl CrthiT lo 
Mi HLdy rrrupre Jew* from Nmi 
Oeiminy. Polond, Hujy;&ry »od 
PonaiEiiiiLft, hut chiefly fforn Ger+ 
many -ind PolontL 

Anions tho Ofrrrfmrt Jew*, he 
fliiC. arc igme whose rnmillo* hove 
been ft*WKl*.ted with Grrnlfln lllo 
/or 1.&CQ yenn. and from Poland 
pre Jew* who** enefilor* l^ed. in 
Potmid more Ihan W» yu^r* npo, 

"They come Co mv p^tinlleaj and 
without ehicenihlp. T»day one- 
tblrd of Ihr- Jrw* a» on Ihamftrch, 
Six million Jew* *re h«bielf>*t 

"No Jew wMh -ic's r n h ir>ce.t enn 
itfiy Fri n Lftnd frem w'iiioh he I* 
I old Lo set out. He cdnnot *Eay 
whrrf thr ftovernmtpl makei W? 
,:rir-i<!Un-*:liv The JtW* BfC nO/th- 

Inp mora than Ihu vteiini* 0/ .ui 
■tijualKt E.0 lh.*lr JcllOw Jew. 
JeJ'n■ , 

The del I no. A* Ulch *« a J*«- 
vaa nr**L uJ*e-i«i*l hy T?F, W:M. 

"For centuries evan lo Ihla dav 
In not a few lands J^wi »re dmied 
the rlRhi m he Ipnnrtti of or eultt- 
vnmr* of lha land.' Pnbht WJao 

Then he dljicreMrd a moment to 
I'tcluro JfWi ai pood farmer*, pnd 
told oC "a mlmptP In PaleKllne."' 
■ayknjr Chrat fiom a hnndfut o! Jrwe 
I:. 10! i. the Jewnh pOpUU|IOi) had 
Ero^n la 4Za.dOO 

They hav* tfnnsforpied lha land 
jh by a miracle, " Dr. VVl.» *oldr 
Hft pointed opt th«.i In JAM the 
Jpwjt had exortrled l.oQO eniei n-f 
cjtru* frulti from Palffiine and 
thai Ihli year lho export had been 
T,K*.M0 ftaaes. 

.SozliI Htm Lo fotntlno 

Then pointing to «*ih*.n E. 

lEpp, fleEh-E1. Dr W|*o Wld -Send: 
RitbEH RudarmarL (* ral(*itlna roi 
, v vim.' "I am jcslns whh htm. 
Mr. Luhow replied 

Reiurnlnfr In the Rich n* a Jaw 
eEAjrotnefitlcin. &r v/u* aaid 

The Jewa were dented »cee« to- 
the soil-. becndH mill dlei fatrn*eLf 
Into the rand. Th* Jcwi wtro tuft 
UAroQEed. Or unanchored In E.ho 
lend. The: Jew* had. to enter Into 
other pure,Ljlts rt 

Jn Lho prc-lndii*lrliM d>yc "bo- 
fore, a. iqwu Hvcd on Che biilldlnjr 
of jubmnrfne* or other Injcru- 
lurnm of friondlF FErellne. Jew4 
won! Inlet vlher huiJnejues. iDelud- 
ijiej money lending" Dr. Wise 


Tha term Hieh bs a Jew, was 
cninrd In I he Middle Aeri. he de- 
clined. A Jew mwnvA hflit lo hnvc 

c*iid, illvc/r And idwcJav He nevor 
hnaw when n robber hsron pr a*rj 
would: lay 

"Mew- elva mo oOfl duralj ftr I'll 
ndL your loelh oul.' The Jew a!' 
wsvb hndl to hAva Lhni wieh '.vjuch 
14 bur off »t wl!l So thff UhlTA nf 
lha aolt jcelur: LhnL Lin* Jews did 
ncit Irthni a* ihey told LUrj musl 
he rleh- H 

Sn\in^ that well drraied Jewish 
women pove credence tu n hcflnJ 
thai Ji-w* nra ridh. Dc Wl*a iflld 

"Jewish man hnve lha hod hnhn 
of nlwrtVft wflpltnp Id gee thftrP 
wives, dretaed In Lhelr hrj|id*y 
he»l they like lo nee Chrnt ni 
iraeilvrly drcoi-nted with jewel* 
Even my wife hat n H nel of 
pearlir Rol jewel 1 worn In other 
day* emild ha used to Appenia lho 
prerd of sqma iiunpsv CfcrMUlR 

J'nveMjr In Vulnnd 

Dr. Wlie uld thnl It h*d baan 
IflJd k hAL. "Jawt hnv* All Hie 
nitnoy, r.nd he hated the rtanie* 
of ojwrAlan of Inrgd depBrlnlanl 
Here* Itt New York %]i> Hoc, ha 
ir.jd, Llie isi 01 ifta-pea are orctlmai 
nipct-j thjin Ihr aindu lie do 
oLrtrpd that Rcckefflleis And Van 
da^hllt* did npt operate dppnrc 
ment iloroj. 

Dedorinji 1h*l he hnd never 
kiovn tho hardship of nw^ly- 
Dr. tVlto artho. howcver h ChnE ho 
had lookcc opcm t|. «nd nWertBd 
thn! front three million Eo throo 
Arid one-halt million Jew* In Po- 
Innd Uvo Pn *l La tt monthly 

ito idld thitl in I^Uind ha 40 
aeendadj to m ipheellBt about na 
I m en *n thfr atajse Ir; 1i!C ALldllor 

tunt iif ButNde) school mid itiln 
had been divided Into ojght nriArt 
nirnEa And Uml. oi m «n and women 
ttvrd ther*. 
b WhMever lho wprld llilnRr 

fthDUt A* RKh AS A JeW Wo IHUBi 

kerp. pur hrJPifli o|ten and bo ecu 
prous o rellova Iht sU-T-fenn^ 0: 
our fallow Jew*." 

Jew* \ L ol ItrveniErful 

The ternti A* Revengeful 4* a 
Jew or Am Vin4iellv« aa a Jaw 
Art fr^Tneolly heairl. TtsWil WJ*n 
*tfi, h'lC 'hr ptni^menla Are frc- 
tinnpi. nnit <ho Jew li npt revenue- 

He- Mid Ehftl HhVloel: ^iplliiWllKB 

pht <|ipnilCv of *u foTehen-rnncp but 
Mini llil* li A tliHIfllL 

tl iites nut ii| thr rdieirixlfln 
pf all I he -i j. a- I lee* of hiilory Eo 
nnW (he J»W miciueliflcil all hlFlnry 
m* p-^jtfirinllil** r'PJ'k pnimpih*li1n tnr 
whit knppTWil 1Mt yesrft PR* I" 
npir nf Ihfl HK«il cruelly UnjM*! 
Ih1nc« m alt Lho hlnloiy of lho 
hum* n ptim h ' 

Dr Wine mid Ehitl on l^nlni Mmv 
Amy Jrsli* wn* rnnWned Willi palm A 
it I'll wss Urnlfif Ji* ft ftaveielcn 
*iui« hpp( that notnethmiE hap- 
pened Chnntln* Ihm penade turned 
•emripl tltin *ti4 Ihe hieh nrJeiPA 
erutdrinnl ihe-lr ri^i*. Or IvUe ppshl 
tllftl hr dliE iint hrtievfi thnl JOvii. 
Ihr Inptlnef of bmnn ayrnpnlhy 
eiwl cnntpA«pPii. could aavo "Hd or 
done Mnylhtnn Inst |uiilfi*l tha 
nietnnl punfAlintflriL of I he Jewp. 
If He woa the npirll ef hftin J Co 
might rtAve romleAined ihrm, 1ml 
phett Hr eonhl wn have teen JcHn. 
rir wi.f derlflnixi. 

"Vot. k«nw. fhrhlpnA*. why yoU 
think we nre vimllrlive Ynpj ku*w 
hnw ynii LreAl uui and Hilnh wa sre 

pin 1 tike von. Thflttk <Jml *** am 
hOE If it 1pj dlvLnfl fni Jkeoplr (0 
fnqelve m It ir, Wiev my ]100p[Q rr: n r Chnn LhnL 

■ Vni: Chijpimnji civni;-i! Jielleve, 
In Ihe Ushi of *rhnt yon hove i2mic. 
thai Eli r Jrwp C*p> hh. fPWfilVllSff. 
SciniellmrA I brllrVA Mir Jrwji nre 
pa fniKlvJnj: wr Br* ChnUill.ini 
*nd you me Jewp " 

I'TPochi'tl In Miki^r fhlpp-rlirn 

|>r tfn#. tnu\ eIiaCi hi* r/rsnd' 

fnlhOr would nol. enliT rt < p hl InLliHl 
PlmrOb. hut I but ht r D r . Wlie had 
eirenehed in Choti*nnd* of C'n ini:.::i 
ehurch^i lo mmimu of Christian* 
over n pel led Of dfl J'Cfir*. 

'Qne IhlciC Hit Jew Lf fto<1 und 
lhni in p-e\-enisef-Jl .' Vif. W\it) n*id 
rie told of Shnkejprrire'* "pound of 
flesh H anil mi\\£\ that In Shake- 
^pp*ro* Urn* 111 ere; wss ofllv one 
Jew In Enptneid. Shflkeipenta, he 
*md. hud * flp^M^J^El : ^ ^1S P■* of Jrwn 
In ilnly. They were cmorful pcorlr* 
tn tailuniei which Hne^L out rpkI 
fthaheripenre. Innpreised by their 
eolnr, froAled liln ehaineler Phy 
[nek wlUioul knowledca af th* Jew- 
iHh peente 

The jitAlement all Jew* nre Coiti* 
mnni*E* In false f>i Wise as Id. 

"Jt li a* pencillila In any J/p-niihtln 
U. Roopevrtt li a rfiJPfciilKTd Jew 
whp*o nnme le Roscnfeldr fleouii- 
d» el 1 are saylne 1htiL Not thai II in 
nn Insult to Trflsidpnt TCoo*t.v*ili 
Rul we en n't oEAIm him. IVa would 
If v/c CAuld." 

Dr WJio drelnrrd (hit KlrlUn li 
not a Jew and rwllhcr wn* Lcnln. 

-Trotiky, yei J Tnat'ft why he Iff 
Jn Mextro" 

lie *s1d (here *ro ninny canBcr^ 
nll^e Jews hui thai there is nt- 
wavi iha remnnejt. of llbciAks end 

NIilIIple the TuM* 
QI It' fnrLa Dr WCic declnre4 
that .l.-vn are no ntoro allha than 
Christian a and Aheuld n»t be 
tLtmpod for Judgment Soma MrO 
honeac. snnto dMhoneat- pcma nre 
GPiTLfli:i, uprfm a -a iilEprtTrili'. HDit 

nre plouo, aama nra Imploui^ aonie 
are Eodly. iume are v-nfiodly, 

-Yin: cannot Sake a race of l" 
nillllor. peopl* i:nd JUdjtC LL nn n 
whole Jew* nre Jew*. Jnit 11 ka 
Chi^t inn n- nre ChrljUnpi* They ore 
of inflnlta «rln-*y, Tho bait Of u* 
nre very E*iorl P the worst of u* ar<» 
lcjnohlc. d 

Pnylni; tb*l liumani run from 
nrutocnla to the hsjast. Dr. Wm> 
*nld thai Jews cnuld bo round from 
Sing Slop prison to hlch place*, 
and pointed to Ju*Ueo Hrfthdeln of 
thi- nuprem* court ** ono of Ihe 
nnhleit iplrll* on CAElh. 

■Dnn't innlio 1he way herd for 
Lhe Jow. Ttie Jew hsi v|p[pn Seiv. 
to* to (ho hpf;he.fli deeiea Iff hit 
luJik-i aim. To en ts iut huhmrp. 
hul Ihe Jew rcurtiw without 11 

v¥h*l oppoilUUlllen tho f'hr:- 
Liana h*vo uL^en us to cserriit- 
/■Orcbcninnc* hul. dp AA Ehoy WltL 
Ihev e*TP nivr maha up unforO' 

|llnri 4 %tlrin IVrM 
A, neimd of Hlscuiilon followed 
I ho Ir^Hlf* 

Dr. t y J*n win v ■ *■* ■ ■ -■■ -1! as I- 
I'aL/i treoln»enl nf Jews end said 
Lhni up Eo Ihli time Eh* J*w* m 
llnty have fitted wrll hut mat 

iLiriP Ift AlWSVri fenr fiom itniE-mcr 
^i.n!!c prliprlpEeji «if covri ri^irnl 

rnneprnlHiT n q\tfi'.V*ih rp-jmrdlnfi 
l*o1*mh ho iEeeJnr^d thnl Jewp fn 
unlvrtiUle* h>d i^en rplecated; Eo 
che Ha- rMseh" hut Choi The Jew- 
Nh Hiidf!itp deeimed. prefefrlnCf ro 
■ mud In elnMep FCe n^reed (hnt 
jndLn Cltl-tiitni] nmfentAri had re 
fnpMi to enfrixe* the ehullo h-nneh 
rullae. wrirl <hnL s^ma *cood whan 
tonrtiiHinr; rln*pcs 

,'. -:«t-.i fm it remedy for Ihe 
"*[frtnrsp of Ehe Jews'" Dr Wlie 
ip Id 

"If a rh M*l Ian wnrld would br 
fOhie C"hrJ»umiJi*il ftnd vni Jew* 
would be Jew* there wppld bo oO 
morn lrnilhlr " 

lit Rpoke 1 r* defeniei nf Jew* of 

«rrr|inM nnd *nld 'hnl ilnlenien r * 
rhnt Jewi were rr**pon*Erila far Ch* 
Wnrhi wsr *pu| for * neae* whlen 
dormnn* enlkil Cjsnoble were falst 

0U#*4* *l tUnner 
Amonji lhc< Invhod furma at Eho 
dlimrl firf ceding Ihe tec I li ip were. 
Mr, «nd Mn AH*ti D- OslYbi. Ehn 
Hew CHr* V Peilnjr. At/rea 
Ucourie. the Re^ Ft Roymond J. 
O'OMflchsn, iti-m, Jsm^s IV. Morv 
h)*non Hie fEr»v end Mi-i. J ," 

Arr-MI, thO Rev Fr. WllllAtui V 
fhleH. lha Rev. and Hr* Olivet IV. 

Itftll. Thrnd'ore Uftdrnweln, Jppdca 
Alfcfd COlE. MEfti fieri riidn. Colt. 

the nei C'errj 1 W linrh of f:inn- 
luft-rnn. ihe Rev. Mvmn 1J. Ifurflesd 

oE Wrj| Mynllc. the Rev 1/iiU* J 
fihpplpp of Mv*tle. r*tef rtepjin fl 
Wc-sppI. Mn* ftniflutnry O. Ander< 
enn and Mr ond Mr* 3*fnuel M 

t'ommlfleA fer rJeiir* 

Tho eonraMlJipfl In chnroje of It-- 
f'nrun. nerle* m AlCorn+v Max. M 
Sokorl. and fn-::-* N-i'.-.v 

En ehnrce nf lho rfv*p3idn wej ■ 

iVs-th* n Jo r .' 1 hnw. c h d I rtfln n. It - hi 
rumniei ff ftndermapv A ,f irn4 
SlAx ttny*t* Atlnmnv MorrJ* [*** 
chanpiky. Mro, J«ueph il*hw*rt' 
And Altemey Anhsrl 

fn ehe me of lha Lecture wei* 
Allbropf A* nun E Eifenhel 
rhnhniftn- Ar+htir HchWitrlK, D" 
^fnrmsn tViiplar. Attorney Lou 
jtoital Altomry Lnutp " '-■ - - 1 an t 
Attorney Ahroham F.nlhohsnikyr 



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"Six Million Jews Homeless ... Six million Jews are homeless' 

The Day (New London, CT), December 17, 1937, page 17 Second Section. 

This article was about a Zionist meeting of the Beth-El Congregation, at Bulkeley 
School in Connecticut. It was again Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, who was responsible for 
numbers one and thirteen in our list, who made the claim at this meeting that "Six 
million Jews are homeless/' 

No. 120, January 1938 


Eiji? iXcUr |}ork (times 


Article Preview 

Returns With Report of Rise in Europe of Those 
Deprived of Rights 6.000.000 VICTIMS NOTED 
25,000 Refugees Said to Be in Need—Rumania Menaces 
800,000 With Anti-Semitism 


The number of Jews deprived of their rights and economic 

opportunity in Europe increased greatly last year. Dr. Bernhard Kahn, tig permissions 
European director of the American Jewish Joint Distribution 
Committee, said on his arrival here last week from Europe. 

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£lj* KeUr Work jgime$ 

UYTIMrC flflM 



The New York Times, January 9, 1938. 

No. 121, January 1938 


Eljc #cUi |}ork times 


Article Preview 

Combined Appeal to Be Offered to Nation for Fund 3 or 

4 Times That Given Last Year HEIGHTENED CRISIS 
CITED Agencies to Retain Separate Duties in Pressing 
Common Cause for Victims 


Unification of the three major American Jewish organizations 
engaged in the task of aiding 6 ,000,000 Jewish victims in Central 
and Eastern Europe of political persecution and economic distress 
was announced yesterday. 



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&kt Jfatr jlork Sinus 

uvTiun f>n.u 


"Unification of the three major American Jewish organizations engaged in the task 
of aiding 6,000,000 Jewish victims in Central and Eastern Europe of political 
persecution and economic distress was announced yesterday." 

The New York Times, January 13, 1938. 

No. 122, January 1938 


PITTSBURGH, Jftn. 3fr WJ& — 
American Aid for European Jewry 
and a policy of ptactful cooperation 
by ttw Unlled States With othar 
f-ounlrte* w*re aaked toflfty in 
speeches it the lath tiiermLal con- 
vention or Ulc national council ol 
Jewish women. 

Urajn* American old for its Butt- 
pcaii Jewry, Dr. Joseph Dtuinetj 
exlJed 0«m*n soclotofliflt and nove- 
list, declared theft Tvore nil mULlon 
vlcUm& of govrrntnetiUl aml-aem!- 
ttam and perraciJUoii in Germany* 
Poland, Rumania, and aLscwhura In 

Oonvciueni ^cmpcffD^t 
'Tlie Je^, rnnvculariL acapegcat 
in time of hatred and tilcUtarchlp h 
haa became an outcast; he la not al- 
lowed to practice hU pro Teuton w 
vocation In any slngta wallc oJ life 
(n Germany/ Punner raid, 

'Ttie persecution nf little children 
is priOmpa the most rePOltftE fea- 
ture of all in Nasi Germaiiy, 1 * Iw 
uuhled, in clever llim* the D&LracbHfi n( 
jcwlar. chL]4r*n in Owrmap school*. 
White the German Jew La being; 
liquidated, the Jews in Polmua and 
Rumania are fighting agninBt the 
persecution In thos* countries and 
l, suflh people deserve the help or 
American Jtwry" Dunne r -wld- 
FcaocJuJ CMtir^lInn 
The report of trie council' a com- 
mute* on peace, under Lho chalroiaii- 
fchip. of Mrs, Maurice N. weyl + of 
Philadelphia, advocated peaceful co- 
optrnlloti by the Urthfrrt States with 
ether countries u frv b**t means oi 
uramotLdB world peace. 

The report ejtpresifd sup pot L of 
Uie principle of the recently defeated 
Ludlow coqfl Ut u t Itinn I ameudm e n I 
whlcji would provide fur a popular 
referendum before UiL& country could 
go to war, 

"Dr. Joseph Dunner, exiled German sociologist and novelist, declared there were 
six million victims of government anti-semitism and persecution in Germany, 
Poland, Rumania, and elsewhere in Europe." 

Idaho Evening News, January 25, 1938, page 3 second section. 

Article also appeared in: The Ogden Standard-Examiner (UT), January 25, 1938, page 1 section B. 

No. 123, January 1938 




Writing the first draft of Jewish history sineeigi? 

JANUARY 26. 1938 

Jewish Culture Collapsing in Poland, 
Backer Tells Women's Parley 

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Add to Your Archive 

Shir* J IT Twee 

PI^SBURGH. Jan.25(JTA)- 

"ln the thousand years of Jewish residence in Poland, we are witnessing for the first 
time the complete breakdown of culture," George Backer, vice-chairman of the Joint 
Distribution Committee said today at the fifteenth triennial convention of the National 
Council of Jewish Women. 

Ih ln a recent survey made in Warsaw among the young people, a large percentage of 
illiteracy was found" Mr. Backer told 500 delegates and guests at the Hotel William 
Pem-h "In the darkest days of Czarist pogroms, the Jewish belief in education never 
wavered. But today, exhausted, assailed on every side, they have begun to lose their 
faith in the power of the word." 

Reviewing Jewish persecution in Central and Eastern Europe and declaring "the soul of 
the Jew is on a rack of hatred more powerful and shattering than Torquemada's." Mr. 
Backer urged the convention to "take the lead in this gigantic struggle for human 

|Not here in Pittsburgh 
not at the very ends of the earth --will you escape their cry. From your marshalled 
ranks must come the answer It has been said that this generation has a rendezvous 
with destiny, now in America we are shaping the events by which the children of our 
children are to judge us." 

Other speakers at todays session, which featured a symposium on service to the 
foreign born, included Miss Cecilia Razofsky. Mrs. Maurice L Goldman, and Mrs. Toni 
Saphra of Johannesburg, founder of the newly organized Union of Jewish Women of 
South Africa. 

"George Backer, vice-chairman of the Joint Distribution Committee, said today at 
the fifteenth triennial convention of the National Council of Jewish Women. ... 
"the soul of the Jew is on a rack of hatred more powerful and shattering than 
Torquemada's," Mr. Backer urged the convention to "take the lead in this gigantic 
struggle for human survival." "In lacerated Europe," he said, "six million Jews are 
in agony." " 

The Jewish Telegraphic Agency, January 26, 1938. 

http://archive.jta. org/article/1938/01/26/2840985/jewish-culture-collapsing-in-poland-backer-tells-womens-parley 

No. 124, February 1938 



Borougli Head Tells Sectarian 

Group He Sees N& Reason 

for Its Existence 


Assoc fat fori of 3 r 000 Defended 

at Luncheon^Civic Duty m 

School Work Is Urged 

After warning that lie would be 
"tactless' * in hit remarks, Stanley 
M. Isaacs j Borough President of 
Manhattan, told 1,750 teacher* at^ 
tending the eleventh anniversary 
luncheon of the Jewish Teachers 
Association at the Hotel Cnmmo- 
tor* yesterday that he could see no 
reason for the existence of their 

"While It Js very Important that 
the teachers organize as you have 
done, X must say that I regret that 
the Jewish teachers, or Catholic or 
Protestant teachers* should have 
separate organizations/ 1 tie de- 
clared. "I hope it will not be long 
before the separate groups win com* 

Taking Issue with Mr. Isaacs, 
Simon J T Jason h president of the 
Jewish Teachers Association, point- 
ed out that this body, now grown 
to more than 3*000 me rubers p exists 
to '"improve the moral* social and 
religious training of the children," 

+! Thc Catholic and Protestant 
teachers' associations have equally 
high and noble motives." Mr. Jason 
said. "We are not concerned with 
politics. N"o one of these three 
groups experts to use the influence 
ot its association other than for the 
good of the community/' 

Civic Responsibility Urged 

Schools should develop Into the 
community centers of the city, ca- 
tering to the needs of adults as- 
well as of children^ Mr T Isaacs de- 
clared- He urged tiiat "adequate 
recreational facilities" be estab- 
lished near each school and that 
the teachers take an important part 
in improving the conditions in each 

,L I feel that from the Jewish poJnt 
of view we are not a separate peo- 
ple, but that we each owe a duty 
to the ccmmnjnjty to do our }ob as 
ably and effectively as wa know 
tev/' he added. 

Teachers would be more "useful" 
in community affairs if they did 
more than merely represent their 
own profession, Mr- Isaacs con- 

J 'You know at first hand the ac- 
tu^J living conditions better than 
any other group of public officials/* 
he said. "I am sure that when, the 
children come before you and you 
find some ill-clothed and ill-nour- 
ished, condemned to live in shabby 
tenements that are a disgrace to 
the city, you want to help improve 

dH I want to see the school much 
more the center of communal ac- 
tivities than it has been in the past. 
I think the facilities furnished the 
children should be extended to in- 
clude the adults as well*" 

fi Jewish Tragedy" Pic tured 

^^^depressing picture of § 

| in Central Europe deprived 
of protection or economic opportu- 
nities, slowly dying of starvation* 
all hope gone, was presented! to the 
teachers by Jacob Tarshis, known 
to his radio audience as The Lamp- 
lighter, Mr, Tarshis represented 
the American Jewish Joint Distribu- 
tion Committee. 

The *' Jewish tragedy** started 
when Hitler came into power in 
1933, Mr. Tarshis declared, Now 
anti-Semitism has spread to thir- 
teen European nations, and threat- 
ens the very existence of millions 
of Jews + he said, 

"The Jewish people are facing the 
greatest tragedy of history ± not ex- 
cepting the darkest years of the 
Mi dd I e Ages, " h e continued . " J There 
is no future for the .Tews in Ger- 
many, in Poland or in Rumania. 
They are being strangled to the 
£oint of starvation. These people 
are being reduced to the untouch- 
able stated 

Since 1914 the Joint. Distribution 
Committee has spent ?10Q F 000 T 000 
to aid Jews in Europe, according to 
Mr, Tarshis, Through this organi- 
zation> hundreds of thousands of 
Jews in Central Europe are kept 

"The Jews have but two ways to 
turn/' he said. "One is toward 
Palestine and the other toward this 
committee, 1 " 

Governor Lehman sent a letter 
expressing regret at bus inability 
to attend. 

"A depressing picture of 6,000,000 Jews in Central Europe deprived of protection 
or economic opportunities, slowly dying of starvation, all hope gone ... Now anti- 
Semitism has spread to thirteen European nations, and threatens the very 
existence of millions of Jews." 

The New York Times, February 23, 1938. 

No.125, April 1938 

April 1,1338 

The Jewish Criterion 


Approach to Foyer of R*po*e Suites 



Between Nfl*-ky Avenue and Graham Stmt aUySower 8£82 

!hat every thtnp there la perfectly 
amoolh. They have problems there 
Just as tee ttave, but the™ is a ifrwt 
■5 inference between h.svin K a problem 
and belnjr one, The highest cultural 
achievement In Palestine Is To-wra-timr* 
Symphony Orcheslra, Some day, we 
hen*. All ruirMinc Tvin unite in n imiit- 
1ca| and social symphony Of harmony, 
Th*U JSwLah And Arabian children will 
play together els equals nnd comrade* 

There Lif one more problem in Vni- 
ratlno* the problem of iiartitton. We 
ma have to accept partition, but can- 
Ceased Dr. Harden, I Aut hoi Inspired or 
enthusiastic about it. There con be no 
Judah without Judcft, no Zlonlxui Willi- 
out Zlon. But at least wo knew that 
Kionlarn is elder than the last century. 
1* thousands, of years eld, And wall ;: ■ 
or. They can clianpe the boundaries of 
the country, but they cannot clian^e 
the spirit tint is behind tho movement. 
For &lon is net a haven. It 1* a heme 
And jo, said Dr. Qordoii In a eofteUi- 
slve tfea. I ask ttuit England and Liu 
UtiKue at Nations keep the doors of 
Palestine epenr 

During the program, Edith center 
Lozear offered weal stkctJoEui. She 
wan accompanied by Air*. A. Leonard 

Hadas&ah Donor Group Hears 
Two Noted Speakers 
(Continued from pa^e i#) 
I ;iiall not comment upon the urat ex- 
cept to remind you thai ms iiy.!'--»a Jcwa 
En Europe, are atruggllng between LUt 
ind death. True T their lives have been 
ifartd, but their mean* of livelihood lias 
b«n taken away, They are dependent 
upon our charily, our mercy- our coro- 
Mislon. for their subsistence, and 1 
bop* that history will »y °f us thl1 ,Mrt 
flti* Jewish lite was left that could have 
teen saved. 

The problem of revival means the 
birth of new faith, new hops and in- 
ipbatlon, and it means the flnditif of 
Ri>Y*tti of refuge for these deaper* 
woplc. Ami whatever happens. 
refugees must not bo made to 
le*l that they are l>egpar* at our pate,-*. 
hut rather that they are the bearers of 
ethsr culture*, RifUbearer* to the na- 
Uoas of the world. 

1 guess tliat I must admit that the 
ligation Is even worse now than it was 
In Spain tn I4ft>, for then just at the 
tin* of the Inquisition, Columbus dts- 
wvered America, and the Jewish pee- 
PJ+ could hope, could feel that the word 
of the Lord. *^G*t theo out unto the 
kwi which I will show unto ibceV had 
ke^a fulfilled. But now, as Chain WoIk- 
m^n aaya, the Jews can net live in 
tot half of the world, nml they cannot 
'flttr the other. 

Th* Jewish jaecs bar* hkened the 
hMlery oi our people to the sun's oyclt. 
^ r hen the sun of Jewish destiny has 
!, = t In one place, Lt has always risen. 
*filnlnj wtlh hope- in another laml. And 
1 have rati], in America, Dr. Cordon 
a verred f "ffltlerisrn may come to Amtr- 
w, but Ani&rica will never coruo to 
"Mertam.!" i nave faith lu ether Jnnils, 
'ofc specially tot paimine, the door 
*f hope, 

On my way to l*Meslln* recently, l 
"*" a book that even-one who Is seine 
« Palestine should read, >Iark Twain'* 

I- J^nocents Abroad. 11 Twain rAy* In hi* 
Y^^ that Palestine has not chimed 
J*» «» tlmo of Jesus. Ill his dny, 
J*J*nirt It filthy and diseased. Mow 
U has become a center of cltanllnopa, 
™ Hl ^ and Vitality. The achievement 
■* ^hbi has been the work of Itndassah. 
I™? Warfc b * jrftI * wllh *a n nation and 
ik L h " YffU havo °l>* tt ^ th0 * v «* * f 
[Jft blind In Palestine, not only of Jews 
™* of Arabs as welb You have truly 
™*iWlod your metto, "Tlie healing of mj 

people,'* and not only of Our people, 
but of all others there. 

The second phase of your work In 
with the Jewish Medical Center This 
center will help the German- Jewish 
physkdt&ns* who coopoEatod whole- 
heartedly and seltltwsly with the Qer* 
ir a n doctors, making eo«at contributions 
to the deVL'lOpnVOnt Of medicine, ] have 
met hundieds of German ■Jowish physi- 
cians in London. Paris, Swltnrihjnd 
broken in mind and in bod>% They need 
physical and mental rejuvenation. Sut 
let us be honest — even Palestine cam 
nat care for them all. The Jewish 
Medical Center will help, however. 

When I was in Palest bin said Dr. 
Gordon, teillnc a» interesting anecdote. 
I was undecided whether or not to go 
and see the of Omar. I hap- 
pened to meet Henrietta szold and f 
asked her whether si was worth seelns. 
Mlsa BtjoUI meditated a moment, then 
said, "By all means, seo tho Mosnue 
of Omar, but see as far aa yo« can " 
V7h*n I went to the Mosque of Omar 
and saw lis magnificence, t very near- 
ly became envious, until i remembered 
Miss Ssotd's advice- 1 looked out into 
space and away in the distance i saw 
the Hebrew University, ri-ilnj; liupir- 
Ingty on Mount Scopus, the very hill 
where the Romans had atOOd lO lb row 
i ■nnlnir torches on the Temple of Solo- 
mon In their ancient conquest of Pal- 
rotlne. I knew then what Henrietta 
Swld meant And this same Hebrew 
University Albert £lnttein dedicated to 
the university of spirit, to be a houve 
of proKreft* to aJJ peonies. 

The Youth Alljah Movement is the 
third phase of your work, and it, too, 
beloneit to the Hadass&h motto, for it 
It a iri!Kn>nriaus contrlhuHon in psychic 
henllnt?, A newly-arisen Nasi Jemn- 
go£UR says In a German paper that the 
Aryans siiould not openly attack Jew- 
ish children for that would t--,.u:: un- 
favombla cr^tJcifiin. but ^houUt draft 
them on jrublly with Insults, and taunts 
until they rebel, and then swoop dawn 
u|»n them. There is only one word 
that tan Ik applied to thrse pcrsecu- 
:> r- rad ■ mi <! rman-Jew '■ p n- 

enbt; follewlnr the old advice Of Dis- 
raeli, neither explain nor complain, lint 
the marks that this treatment leaves on 
the children's spirit- are deep. Pales- 
tine l* the savlnsr center of Jewish 
youth. Thoy are not refugees there, but 
Pioneers, new settlers on the oolL 


Charles Blron 
On Monday. March ss; Charles EUron, 
beloved husband of Ada BJron and fa- 
ther of Batty and Arnold DJron, passed 
away in his 53nd year. Funeral strv- 
koa were held from the Ralph gehutfsr 
Chapel on March M, with interment 
lu »eth Shalom Cemetery. He la also 
survived by his father, Samuel filron 
of Washlnsrlen* I>. G; two sisters, Mrs. 
J. Canter. voiiktT* H, v.; Mrs, J. 
Klelnman, Wnshlat^on. D. C, and five 
brothers Jacob. OavJd. Mas, Louts and 
Mitchell, nil of Washlneton. D. G, 

ilervU Funeral services were held on 
Tuesilay, March 35* with inturment in 
Beth Jacoh Cemetery, Rabbi AsblPSky 

# * » 

Ja*eb Nctherp 

jEicoh pTeibM* of S4 Roberto Street 
pa^ied away on Prklay. March :S. He 
was the buMMUd of the lam Esther 
Ncltierjf, and Is survived 1 b>- Ida chllr 
dron* Rel>ecca MnllJnser, Anne Weiss. 
Jennie i j .:-iilm, tr>nian and Max Kol- 
ben;, l^uneml seyVteai were hold on 
MArch 27 with Intermqiil In Knaseth 
Israel Cemetery, 

t * . e 
i:t> liel It l-iiidiy 

Mm. Hthel R. Lnnday of IW* Arllnf- 
ioEi Street. Philadelphia parsed away on 
Friday, March 1$, at Mount SinaL Hos- 
pllal, New York city. 

Surviving are five .-eons, Nathan I*. 
nnd Or. Leaks If. of llttshurrh, £nul 
of Turcnlum, Pll, Sam and Juriu:, Paul 
of PhlhuWphla: one daughter. Gertrude 
Slcffle of Wtohlntlon. D. C and lhn:e 

Funeral services were held Sunday 
afternoon from Blank 1 !* Chn|hel wltli In- 
terment following In Washington,. Pa, 

Fcarl Wrinsr Levino 

Mrs, Pearl Warner L»vine, aired «, 

of Cleveland, O. formerly of Pit tit- 

burnh beloved wife of Philip A, Levlne. 

passed away Wednesday, March :s 

Besides her husband she la survived 
by two eon** Saul and Trvinj?, nnd u 
daughter, Ruth: her parent.1. Mr, and 
Mr* Samuel Weiner: ihrco sisters snd 
two brother?. Mnt, M. rtatintan. ^tr^ 
L R. MEcha?L» and Mr. Jack n. Welner 
Of PiliabuExlu Mm. N r Kaufman of 
Cleveland and Mrs. H* T. Welner of 

FtinenJ services were held Thursday 
afternoon* March it, at ihe Ralph Schu- 
sar Chapel, with Rabbi Goodman Rose 
and Rabht Adolpli "--< ■ 
Burial was In the Beth Shalom Ceme- 

Una Pratt 

Lena Pratt of +3i IrOrenz Avenue 
passed away March 3S t nt the aire of ». 
Sue is wrvfroi by h*r husband, An- 
dn»w; her aonft Sam, Paul and Den: 
her dausfhtcrs, Freda and Mary Pratt; 
her brothers Morris actd Bill Sarkoff: 
her atstorR. Pearl Pmlt T3v:l j<>^ep!t, 
Anna narson. Bessie Ix-venlhnL fcVhth 


The fninily of the late Morris Rosen 
wish to thanfe "heir friends for the 
kindness shown in their recent bereave - 

The family of the late sirs*,. Bessie 
OHUky wish to express their apprecia- 
tion for the klnJn-rM shown tbSffl In 
their recent bereavement. 

Tlie Modern Jewish Funeral Home 

Blank Bros., Inc. 

Forbes Street and Craft Avenue 

Oakland, Pittsburgh, Pa. Sc hen ley 4000 

Not affiliated with any other Funeral Home 

"I shall not comment upon the first except to remind you that six million Jews in 
Europe are struggling between life and death." 

The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), April 1, 1938, page 15. 

No. 126, April 1938 


Worse than in Germany 


Professor S. Brodetsfey, = executive 
member of the Zionist Tfforid Organisa- 
tion, described the position of Austrian 
Jewry as "so tad that notic of you can 
form any Impression cf how bad it is " 
when he addressed a meeting of the 
Manchester Zionist Association last 

""From the information we have been 
able to gather the treatment of the Jews 
in Austria* especially in Vienna and 
certain places round it, hiss been 
infinitely worse even than anything the 
Jews of Germany have had 4o endure,** 
he said, 

u No Zionist propagandist ever made 
so clear a Zionist speech as did Herr 
Hitler when he marched on Vienna and 
literally overnight, without their know- 
in? anything about it. placed 200 h 00n 
Jews outside the law, stripped them of 
citizenship and all their tights, and 
reduced them to a level of sheer misery 
such as has never been imagined in a 
so-called civilised Europe. 

i( Trapped Lifce Rnts" 

"Six milium Jews at this moment are 
trapped like rats in lands where 
democracy* freedom. and human 
detrency are not understood. They 
cannot help themselves and no one will 
come to their aid, as tbe note of *We 
can't interfere in the internal affairs 
of other nations, which has crept 
into the speeches of statesmen, plainlv 
shows. You are woefully mis- 
taken if you think the fate of these 
millions will in any shape be influenced 
by public opinion in other lands ; noth- 
ing happened in Germany and I cannot 
see anything happening in Austria. We 
must depend ultimately upon ourselves 
for our safety and our future. 

** What can we do about Austria ? 
We can go round begging once again 
from our own people, as we did five 
years ago, and Little enough good that 
will do. The Germans have learned a 
lot more of the art of suppressing Jews 
si nee then. In five years something like 
40,000 German Jews have found their 
way to Palestine under far more favour- 
able conditions than we have to-dav ; 
what can we do for Austria's 200,000 
victims ? " 

The only hope of a future for the 
Jews was to secure the fundamental 
right of every people to live in its own 
State- Palestine represented that hope, 
and he believed that the whole world 
was now conscious of the fact. He felt 
that, in particular, the tragedy of the 
Jcwisji position abroad had aroused in 
Britain the deepest possible sympathy 
and he was convirtred also that the 
Government was not unaware of the 
advantages uf having a large number 
of Jews with the strongest ties of grati- 
tude and friendship for Britain at so 
vital a key to Empire communications 
as Palestine. 

"Six million Jews at this moment are trapped like rats in lands where democracy, 
freedom, and human decency are not understood." 

The Guardian, April 4, 1938, page 1 1 . 

Professor Selig Brodetsky was then the president Board of Deputies of British Jews. 

No. 127, May 1938 


ProQaMt Hiitarinl Ktw(^Hp*r* Th* Km- Vo* Tudii (] Sii - IfiQSj 


Dr. Hoffmann Is Fearful That 

Persecutions Abroad May 

Spread to This Country 


Calls Upon Church to Meet 

'Challenge' of Prejudice Here 

With Aggressive Action 

The rising: tide of anti-Semitism in 
Europe today, which has deprived 
more than S t 000,00G Jews and non- 
Aryans of a birthright, may some 
day sweep across the United States 
if Christian America does not ag- 
gres sively challenge the menace, 
the Rev.-Dr: Cbnrad Hoffmann Jr. 
declared : yesterday morning. Dh 
Hoffmann/ assistant secretary of 
the Board* of National Missions of 
the Presbyterian . Church of the 
U. S* A*, was guest preacher at the 
Adams Memorial Presbyterian 
Church, >207JSast .Thirtieth Street* 

"We have- no -right to protest 
against tftfc Nazi persecution of 
Jews in Germany and' Austria when 

here in our own country among the 
clergy and laity "there is Increasing 
prejudice against the Jews/* he 
said. "Recently when the Admin- 
istration approved of a plan to offer 
a haven for Jewish refugees, I 
heard men of my own Christian 
faith violently oppose the plan on 
the grounds that we already had 
enough Jews in this country* 

"Germany would like to be- rid of 
her half million Jews, but she can- 
not, because no other country will 
take them. She cannot murder 
them in cold blood* but she can 
methodically deprive them of their 
only means of living, and thus slow- 
ly but surely starve them to death. 
That is what Hitler has been doing 
to Jews and- non-Aryans in Ger- 
many and what he is already insti- 
tuting in Austria/ 1 

Saying that the general run of 
German people were not any more 
anti-Semitic than the average Amer- 
ican, Dr/ Hoffmann described them 
as "being spoon-fed with propa- 
ganda against the Jews." The revo- 
lution and the post-war sufferings 
and "bitter disillusionment of the 
Germans were largely caused by the 
unfair terms of the Versailles 
treaty,, he said- Hopelessly embit- 
tered, they grasped at a straw, much 
like any drowning man, and that 
straw was Adolf Hitler. 

"Americans scoff at the possibility 
of. anti - Semitism sweeping: this 
cbuhtry/* ■ he said. "But let us re- 
member that fundamentally the 
only difference between a. lynching 
in the United States and a pogrom 
in Poland is that in the former in- 
stance it is usually a Negro who is 
persecuted and in the latter a Jew* 
Christian 1 love is the only manner 
in which the problem of the Jew 
will be reived in the vrorld today." 

"The rising tide of anti-Semitism in Europe today, which has deprived more than 
6,000,000 Jews and non-Aryans of a birthright," 

The New York Times, May 2, 1938. 

No.128, June 1938 

Page 13 

June, 1938 

The essence oi my report is that behind the 
stentorian demands of Hidcr, the dramatically 
successful rorclgn Yentures., the flag tj^ and 
the scouting, lie* the ugly reality of widespread 
discontent in Germany. The |>c«p3e fof the most 
part are deeply, griml)- unhappy. Hut they arc 
not ready nr able to d-a anything about it, This 
diet* little cheer to Jew* and other ioven of 
peace and democracy- Ncvcrthcleu* there is 


some comfort in the evidence that dictatorship 
does not promote the welfare of a nation. Not 
only <foes »t destroy freedom, crush individuality, 
prostitute patriotism, bin it also impoverishes * 
people, [eaves them friendlr** in A hostile world 
and rob* them of peace and hardness. The word 
used to describe the blackout tor the air raids tl 
symbolic of what ha* happened in Germany — 
yrrdunkinna. I hope with all my heart that the 
German people will soon again sec the light. 

The Jews of Central Europe 

by Jacob Lc siskin sty 

EVERY NATION L* morally compelled to 
fare the hitter truth. This article is written 
not with the intent ejf bcwaHiiitf our plight hut in 
order to arrit-e at a iaciual calculation: of the 
■Tatut of ill mil hen Jew* In Central ami Eastern 
Europe and of the prospect* thai exist in the lands 
of immigration. 

We will bfifiin our reckoning frith those coun- 
tries in which the Jew* had reached the peak of 
their development and where they now tumble at 
break-neck *pceil into a botlmnlrss abyss. Over 
hair a million jews of central Europe are now in 
the grip of a ruthless tnquisiiion; 300,000" in Gcr* 
many and 2flt>,£lCH) in Austria, The Jicuidatiort of 
Jewish cotnmcrciai concerns m Genu arty is now 
proceeding at a mare rapid pace lhan tc did even 
during ihe most diEEtoit munths nf 19 34 and 
17JS- At that time ibe Jewish as well as the 
world pre*! was full of report * concerning the 
shameless rflbherie* perpetrated by the ***««**' 
of the German nation. Now the process of paup- 
erization has become a chronic ailment. Every- 
one, with practically no exceptions, is preparing 
for flight. As recently as one year ago German 
Jewish leaders were seriously considering the 
establishment of homes for the aged to house 
250.000 Jews. According totheircalculations about 
100,000 of the younger and more adaptable Jews 
would leave the country in the next five years and 
Only the old and those no longer fit for work 
would remain. They then believed that the old, 
the decrepit and the widows would be allowed to 
end their days in the tail* of Hitler land. Hut 
now they too have changed their mind*. They 
now realise, that the ucparture of the younger 
ones Increases the terror of the old people at the 
pc Aspect of remaining in The heJ] which Germany 
has become for them and that these too are ready 
[i.i firjip lite wanderer's vtafi in order 10 escape 
the faie of remaining atone in Germany. 

Thm proceeds the liquidation of a section of 
Jewry which for 150 years has enriched the Jew- 

ish people and the whole world with hundreds of 
seholari and scientists- The 15G t Q0Q German 
Jrws who have scattered throughout the world 
are spiritually crushed and will nor soon recover. 
The J fl,000 Jews who have setded in Palestine 
will probably enrich the Jewish community there; 
hue the 1 10,000 others who Eed to various lands 
arc merely looking for a pi kg: of refuge where 
they can hide without attracting attention. Only 
one hope fills the heart of ihc {icrman Jewish 
refugee who has found a domicile — to tin it room 
for thort dear to htm v-ho still remain in Ger* 

Such is the end of German Jewry which was the 
richest and most prosperous from an economic as 
well as from a spiritual viewpoint- 
Rut the debacle of German Jewry is as nothing 
when compared to the calamity which has over* 
taken the Jcwi of Austria The measure of des- 
truction which wan achieved in Germany in rwu 
years has been accomplished in Austria in two 
weeks. In proportion to the population there were 
more Jewish shops pillaged in Austria in two weeks 
than there were in Germany in two years. More 
Jewish doctors, dentists, lawyers, engineers and 
architects were expelled from their positions in 
Austria in one month than were affected in 
Germany in three years. The number of Jewish 
officials in Austria was negligible and altogether 
they numbered no more than 156 in government 
and municipal positions, 

Austrian, Jewry suffered from a severe eccrn* 
runic dislocation even before the annexation of the 
country by Hiller. Si.vty thousand out of Vienna's 
l70iGtK3 Jcws--uver one third — were dependent 
on relief. Among the needy who appealed for 
aid there were Jews who only a few years before 
themselves contributed considerable sums to the 
Jewish chiritfthle institutions, Kvtn before Hit- 
ler seized Auitria the majority of the Jewish law- 
yers were unemployed and die number of Jewish 
bank employees decreased from 10 ,000 to 1,200 

"EVERY NATION is morally compelled to face the bitter truth. This article is 
written not with the intent of bewailing our plight but in order to arrive at a 
factual calculation of the status of six million Jews in Central and Eastern Europe 
and of the prospects that exist in the lands of immigration." 

The Jews of Central Europe by Jacob Lestshinsky, in Jewish Frontier, Vol. 5, No. 6, June 1938, page 13. 

No.129, June 1938 

Tragedy of Persecution of 
Jewi Stir* the World 

Often in recent year a— especially 
In recent months^-your sense of 
human juslkc and decency no 
doubt has been stirred by reports 
of wholesale outraged perpt Lrated 
upon tile Jewish people* of c antral 

Reminiscent of bn.rba.riem bf the 
Dark A^cs, accounts of iftew Iti- 
iol arable p* Mentions muit appall 
every right-thinking American, te- 
parrilet* of Ms race &t creed, but 
they arc otmLinuiri^, uncurbed by 
pratnts ot democratic govern- 

It if estimated that nearly tt* 
million Jews have been drivnn trom 

*nd stripped not only oi Ihelr projf- 
erty but of their ri^ht to work for 
A living. Their money bones and 
ftlher huldftigs looted, the victims 

of LH5 vinous tyrrany *rt denied 
tven tht chance to quit the scene 
af their mbeiy* Unafrte to *el( an- 
othfer land— even a strange one— 
they must starve or subsist on th* 
pitiful charity ol others only ft." lu- 
ll* less destitute than themselves. 

This tragedy of central European 
livery is beinff brought home txf 
Ffrrt .Arthuranj this week by the 
nifmual campaign or the American 
Jewish Joint Distribution commit- 
Lee *>lo raise funds for the succor 
-if thesis pathetic peoples — the** 
vitiiftii* of totalitarian ma^nes^. 

The t5lMittee Fa uadert&kihtf to 
raise the t4jmj»rft lively *h>*11 *u*i 
P f ^yw F iV£ ; ; *^ ti 3^ & f v-Jhich 
p*rt Arthur^ *i^are t* * mod eat 
i2O0O. The money will go for Xood 
for million* *f distraught, homeless 
families and for icmtivingr theni. If 
pos^bJe, from th* grup of heart- 
ier tyrants- 

"It is estimated that nearly six million Jews have been driven from their homes by 
ruthless oppressors and stripped not only of their property but their right to work 
for a living." 

The Port Arthur News (TX), June 9, 1938, page 1 . 

No. 130, June 1938 

Zionist Aide Stresses Need 
Of Freeing Jews in Europe 

Judge Sees Hope for 

Persecuted of Race 

In Palestine Move 

T>ee emphaali Ml afllatloa tor * 
Jewlab fctata In PaJeatlne and more 
on iKe problem JJ of taking *■ many 
Jews &■ possible out of t+ia hiU of 
Kuj'Op*p." wy urjed laat night by 
Judpe William M, Lawla, Phi la- 
ilnlpliJa. *l«pre*ldont o.r 1he £lon- 
iil Urbanisation u^ Amarlca- 

"W* cur not afford to quarrel, 4 ' 
the Philadelphia Domaefclc Be!*- 
tiara Ccmrt Jurist told tbe ttoch- 
e*tci Z|&nlit Organisation at *■ 
..mating In the JYMAWA. Ha re-! 
frrred Id the tendency of kjbh* 
natioWlrt enln-mUte I* quarrel 
with Great BriU-lh in Iti handling - 
of th« Jew1*h-Arafc prfrbltm. 

$peak)nK kn aupport AC the fT10v*~ 
itirnl 'oallevlele LhA pllajhl of op- 
|,r^tfl'<l Jrwi In J^aiLnrn Europe. 
Jud^e Ijtwln urffcd Am rric*n mem- 
ber! 0' the race to. Bwln^ moral 
end financial poweri JnU> the Chan- 
nel* of evacuating tome #,«O.O0O 
Jew* la Palestine. 

Hw Jse*ttt«a1 *otatl<m 
1l*aetUenienl of European Jew* 
In their from*r homeland preeenta 
the mCJt hopeful pot-ftlbJfr aolullon-, 
tu due T>w1* «LLd. One* ettUe4 in 
Pnl^tinr, European r«fu(e*i will 
b* "domirilrd, not culled/' and 
avtfltuaUjr. Jw »u*Kejted H Areb- 
Jf wlah dlflertnc** would be &itUeo\ 
pos^'y 1" thK ^*y America from 
limn ta time purchased addition*! 
]Aeri* la the wait Of th< 13 DrlK- 
tnal tMoniei u the country e*> 

■The Italian-Brill »h Mediterranean 
iwtat already had cued t|># Ar*0 
(tituatlon, for Italian propagandist* 
were jtlrrtnjt Arab* to action 
npriLnit CJreat Britain, Judae LenrlJ 

Ae wa* the c*a* of 'American 
plone^ri, raid Judge i*Vle. grave- 
ly r '■^crillcE* muat be made < r . 
when people talk In terroa erf a 
JcwHh eta l* I'm not Interested 
lor lh* moment . , . Mv ihou£hte 
art :n tht direction cf the mere 
jmm^iite nw?t*alty — taking aa 
ninny auKcrlng Jewa mm poaakble 
out of the qb)I of Europe, eve a U 
|L mease aecrlfleea fair tbe prai- 

While auU-3*mltle aeftllniflftt li 

at wtilteheat In Eattrrn Europe, 
and m iprraillnv through Central 
and South Amerlean CouAtrlea. 


Jul^a Lrwla aaM ha wai not Tn 

Lh* \Mt perturtwd ov#r trw poapi- 
bUliy of an j similar movement tn 
tha Lfnltad fitatea. 

Xltea Amerkaa Tmniitifl** 

PoiJiLiQfi to America'* tradidona, 
he aald: "Tb* Utiitt^ &lat« la ' too- 
healthy to v i>4rraU growth of an 
inildloua hatred of a peopla and 
a rata, For, after alt, Anwrlr* I* 
a oortwal* entrty of a freaiL- many 
races M 

Few J*wb rtaJ-d* In &«gth Amtr- 
lc< lh* Fhliadelphlan w*.\4 r **• 
preaimi a wlah, buwevar. that thla 
country had joined cloaer bualnaea 
and cultural lntereata with 9outb 
Ametloaa nation l to for**iatf 
European OAaELClal and Meoloeicai 
do ih 1 nation, 

Jtwry oonaJdera Europe U* 
maju^ problem, Juda^e Lewi* 
added Altfrriifh U» Gernaa a|tu> 
atJon tea* befii drama tlieiL to n. 
greater eiLtent, the plight of l*wa 
in P^and la tna ttwre daeparat^ 
he aald, 

Herman guaraohan, mem beta hip 
aec-eiary o( Lbe JTltA^ preildad. 
Anna?incairierLt waa ma4a tiiat eleo 
tlonn lo name Ave de^yatee to th* 
American Jawlah Confr«aa wtll be 
heJd Sunday, with poll* at the 
JYMA Aae«iated Hebrew Cherl- 
j:lea. Flel4 fltraet Sytiafotue, Con- 
fr^^tloii, Beth «1 an4 Bet^ Jajk 
fph Canter. Twenty candidate* 
have been nominated* 

"Judge Lewis urged American members of the race to swing moral and financial 
powers into the channels of evacuating some 6,000,000 Jews to Palestine." 

Rochester Democrat and Chronicle (NY), June 16, 1938, page 18. 

No. 131, November 1938 



A resolution "strongly protesting 
against ihe religious and racial persecution 
which is taking place throughout Ger- 
many,** will be submitted to a meeting 
representing ail religious bodies and 
schools of political thought at ihe Albert 
Hall on December 1, The resolution also 
pledges support lo every legitimate form 
ol : action likely to alleviate ihe sufferings 
of the victims of such persecution. 

Lord Sankey will preside, and *hc speakers 
will include ihe Archbishop of York, she 
Cardinal Archbishop of Westminster, the 
Moderator of the Federal Council of ilie Free 
Churches, ihe Chief Rabbi, Sir Archibald 
Sinclair* M\P. t Mr, Herbert Morrison, M.P-, 
and a representative of the Conservative Party. 

The Battcrsea Borough Council Health Com* 
mince, as a result of an application from a 
sub-committee of the Coordinating Committee 
Tor Refugees, recommends that, provided the 
necessary arrangements can be made with 
University College Hospital, with which live 
council is affiliated for ihe " first period * 
training of pupil midlives, ihe Refugees Com* 
mittcc be informed thai the council is nil ling 
to accept an agreed number of refugee 
applicants Tor training at the maternity 
hospital on approved conditions. 


Mass emigration of Jew- to Palestine for 
f p0 years and the formation of a Jewish 
national assembly was advocated by Sir John 
Ha slam t M-P-. in a message which he sent to 
a public meeting at tJic King&way Hall fast 
night field by the New Zionist Organization. 
Tlic message stated that the p roblem now in* 
volved some! 6,000,000 Jews-I It was not a 
question of Uermany alone ; once the other 
countries saw [hat the civilized Slates could 
be impelled to help Germany gel rid of her 
Jews j the same thing wouid happen in other 
areas of distress in Europe. Mr. Vyvyan 
Adams, M*P», said that the esteem and Soyalty 
or Jewry were of supreme importance to the 
British Empire, The placing of Jewish im- 
migrants in Tanganyika would certainly im- 
press the Germans* but the grcai solution of 
the problem lay in Palestine. 

"Mass emigration of Jews to Palestine for two years and the formation of a Jewish 
national assembly was advocated by Sir John Haslam, M.P., in a message which he 
sent to a public meeting at the Kingsway Hall last night held by the New Zionist 
Organization. The message stated that the problem now involved 
some 6,000,000 Jews." 

The (London) Times, November 22, 1938. 

No. 132, December 1938 




The most daring pictorial document ever presented on the mo- 
tion picture screen^ 


The dramatic true ttory of today's most important unsolved prob- 
lem; it* characters — the trftfic army of $,000,004 reime© people 
lost in a world of wit and hatred. 

See . . , how in Nazi Germany secret police tUack all th<>*t who 
by politics, race or religion »re not In harmony with the Xiti 

, . 4 how In Palestine 200,00t) refugee Jews have built a new "Land 
nf Promise/* 

"The dramatic true story of today's most important unsolved problem; its 
characters-the tragic army of 6,000,000 refugee people lost in a world of war and 
hatred. See ... how in Palestine 200,000 refugee Jews have built a new "Land of 
Promise." " 

The Wisconsin State Journal, December 30, 1938, p. 9. 

This is part of an advert for The Capitol theatre in Madison, Wisconsin. Which mainly features 
the 1938 film Going Places (starring Ronald Regan). The "pictorial document" The Refugee must 
have been a Zionist propaganda film shown before the main feature. 

No.133, January 1939 


gpKill mil IL NEW TURK TIMES. 

,Wip nrJtJnwjr/U T >ClinrajMrJ: '■ LI IMft 

^■JfJUf J Hl-tfTIMl \W*{Hp*fl TJ* N"W Tort THK* <lfM - 2WQ 


Ex -Czech En very P Speaking 

at Washington Conference, 

Cites Need for Homeland 


Rabbi Silver Assails Proposal 

for Settlements in Africa 

and Jn South America 

Special lo Tuet New Tqjik TuueC, 
WASHINGTON, Jan. 14.- Jan 
Masaryk, former Czech Mir. aster to 
London, came back today to Wash- 
ington, where he entered diplomacy 
twenty years a^o, and broadcast 
that he came "to speftk for the 
Jews and to work for them/' es- 
pecially as regards Palestine* 

Ha spoke under the auspices of 
the National Conference for Pal- 
estine, which opened a two- day ses- 
sion tonight at the Mayflower with 
1 F &D0 Jewish delegates from forty- 
four States assembled to study the 
plight of Jews in Germany and to 
p]an how American Jews could nest 
help the^e and other oppressed Jews 
to settle in Palestine. 

Rabbi Abba Hillel Silver of 
Cleveland, National Chairman of 
the United Palestine Appeal^ dis- 
missed as a "cruel deception" the 
proposals for settling Jews in 
Africa and South America. Ho was 
supported by other speakers In 
holding that Palestine alone is pre- 
pared to receive large numbers of 
refugees. Palestine could take 100 1 
000 in a year if the British would 
only let them im Rabbi Silver said. 

He and Rabbi Stephen S. Wise of 
New York! chairman of the execu-* 
tive committee of the appeal, who 
joined him in a symposium that 
was a] so broadcast over the Colum- 
bia system, both denounced the 
German plan for permitting Jews 
to leave as a "ransom" scheme, and 
said American Jewry would have 
nothing; to do with it. 

To Rabbi Silver this was JJ a blan- 
ket invitation to other countries 
with anti-Semitic leanings to mulct 
the Jews," and to Rabbi Wise it 
was a plan to send .Jews from Ger- 
many as "pauperized salesmen of 
Gorman-made goods," which the 
civilized world should prevent. 

Mr. Masaryk, the chief speaker, 
said that to compare "the treat- 
ment allotted to our Germans by 
my father with the treatment which 
Henleln and Company are dishine; 
out to the Jews and anti-toi-aJitar- 
Ian citizens of Sudeten land— It is as 
heaven compared to lie]]." 

He emphasised he had come to 
champion the Jewish cause, and 
gave this explanation: 

"There are nearly 10,000,000 of 
my people— together— facing suffer- 
ing- and depredation, but they p be- 
ing united together, can endure and 
survive it and come out victorious 
in the end* But the Jews, scat- 
tered all over the world— what 
chance have they to fight off the 

hatred and oppression which has 
driven them from their homes and 
dumped them on the highways of 
the world? The Jewa are a small 
minority everywhere. And with- 
out tolerance and decent treatment 
of minorities democracy cannot 
survive. There Is no exception! 

"When this last super-pogrom 
broke out in the land of Goethe. 
Heine. Bach and Handel, I realized 
that my place was with the Jewish 
brethren, and that the suffering of 
my people has made my cause your 
cause and your cause my eause r 
And here I am!' 1 

Rabbi Silver wanted assistance to 
Jewish emigration safeguarded ao 
that Europea n governments would 
realize that 

"The overwhelmingly large num- 
ber of Jews in Eastern and Central 
Europe will have to remain exactly 
where they are and their problem 
must ultimately be solved along 
with the entire minority problem 
of Europe, " ? he said 

Dr. Chaim Weizmenn, president 
of the Jewish Agency for Palestine, 
sent from London a message In 
which he said: 

"AH our energies must he mobi- 
lised for the strengthening of our 
position. We need land. We need 
money* We need supplies, iknd 
above all we need men. That is why 
immigration now more than ever 
is the prime essential not only for 
the salvation of the persecuted but 
atso for the maintenance of our 
position in Palestine." 

"Rabbi Silver wanted assistance to Jewish emigration safeguarded so that 
European governments would realize that "it is impossible to 
evacuate 6,000,000 Jews." " 

The New York Times, January 15, 1939. 

No. 134, January 1939 

IBI8H PLEA — Deputy 

Robert Briscoe, only Jewish 
member ef the Irish Parlia- 
ment, arrives in Now York 
city to begin a campaign to 
enlist Americans i» a plan for 
resettling approximately 6,- 
000,000 Jews in Palestine. 
Paul Amberger. 

"IRISH PLEA - Deputy Robert Briscoe, only Jewish member of the Irish Parliament, 
arrives in New York city to begin a campaign to enlist Americans in a plan for 
resettling approximately 6,000,000 Jews in Palestine." 

The Binghampton Press (NY), January 18, 1939, page 8. 

No. 135, January 1939 


Discusses Refugee Prob- 
lems In Talk Before 
Lions Club. 

At the regular weekly luncheon 

meeting of the KareTstovrn Lions 
Club, Eabbi J3aruoh JS. RabiiHWltz. 
qI th£ congregation of Sons ol 
Abraham, delivered a most loreful 
and enlightening address on "The 
Refugee Problem/* yesterday in the 
hellroom of tit* Alexaoder hotel, 

"When I speak of the refuse 
problem I mean the J&iffish problega, 
for although others too are being 
perse cuted and oppressed, perhaps 
even aa much as the Jews, they are 
not being CKPflUed from the country 
proper as are the Jews/' said the 

"By the term refugees I do not 
only mean the 700,000 Jevs in 
Austria-Germany, but also the mil- 
Ion in Huni^ry, CQG^OOO in Rumania, 
three and a. quarter million in Fc^ 
laud, and Lbe hundreds of thousands 
in the other European countries. 
All in. all close to fllx million hu- 
man befngs, and this does not in- 
clude the two roil lion Jotfs in Russia 
where moat ol them live tmder tb* 
same condition^ ia the same kind 
of Inhuman he!3> as do thair 
hretht&n in Germany. For the Jews 
In Russia are suffering because of 
their anti - Communist actlvi- 
ttves— It Ta they vho are taking 
part in the anti- Soviet activities, 
Thirty-five thousand ot them have 
already "been, doomed aa salves lu 
the Siberian mines." 

Concerning the various plans ot- 
tered by some people "who are 
sincere and others ivho &re In- 
sincere p to ship tbem oft to some 
unknown deserts and twampa a_s 
K they -prere a hunch ot criminals 
instead of that people which (aTe 
those p-eat truths to man kind/' 
the rah hi continued, "those plains 
are unacceptable to the Je^a be- 
cause they are Impossible/ Also 
the plan to bring some of suf- 
fer in g humans to various countries 
Inclndiofi tile United States Is" un- 
fair. At this time, when w*. our- 
selves are going thru a crlahi, every 
economic position, or joh F that can 
be created must bp j^Lveti to our 
own American u u employed/" As a 
permanent solution to this a^e-old 
problem the. rabid ottered the Je-vr- 
iSh-SUte Jclea: "For two thousand 
years s^nce 1he Je-ws were forcibly 
expelled from their fatherland, 
they have been persecuted and ex- 
ptlJeu from one country to another 
by people "who refused and stUl re- 
in so 1o understand l,betn< And P 
tent! emeu, so Jong a a this problem 
is not solved there can be no pn-ace 
on earth. Toy a human can suffer 
go much and lhai/a all- A day will 
come t\" lie ii yoiirtg, health y and In- 
telligent hoys. Instead oE commu- 
ting suicide, ulll £t> out nud kill 
others, create riots, organize revo- 
Itntons, hi all Uieae countries or 
0|>^j resskm> ami throw jSuiupb inLo 
in r mo in When that day comes, 
tl*e law It "will not rest upon their 
shoulder a', but upon iluf v^rltl, !f 
you -wish, yes. Hie Christian ift'crhk 
for those Europeans still msis- 
{[(Hji'-icle us wood Christians. Tt is 
therefor your diHy ^3 human beings, 
as Uemocracy-ioi'Uie Americans, 911 d 
more than any thin £ else a* h^ 
lie vers in the great truths given to 
you by ,lesus r to help save the 
|>COpl8 of -leans Sf your posterity 

Is noL to loot back with shame upon 
their ancestors -who lived in the 
20 th con 1 u ry . Suffer in & .1 e« i y ^ 
iMiflt be helped to return ro th* ■ 
land oC their aneestr>rs + FalesMnr."] 
ft A Mi i Ikftbino^viLst then Eiive h. , 
short history of the "Balfour! 
Declnrnlfon"' which v;l& Ihe pronv: 
tee or ihn British *nrrmmciit io! 
(h*? Jewish people to r^-c&tahllsh ' 
r^lcsdne ns iho Jewish nmSonalj 
home, "FJCty-t^'o nAflon^ of th?, : 
TIT ± *T d \ ncTn <t cd < li psc t : n i ted S i-fi 1. ft? j 
agreed to ihat promise And si^nc*l 
a trsety "witb. Britain concern tn^ 
this. En^landi howev&r^ has be- 
trayed her tmsL This has def* 
initely been proxen by William B. 
Ziff in his book "The B*pe of 
Palestine/' ' J It is therefore oitr 
duty as Americans to see to it 
that our government adheres to 
their treaty and brins pressure 
upon Britain to alJovi' the Jews to 
enter Palestine which is well ahle 
to -receive tbem* Thus and only 
thus can tve do oTar ahaie in briag- 
1q^ ahout a Anal solution the refu- 
gee problem,, ^'hich. ts nothing else 
than the age-old Jewish problem-" 
The i*abbi concluded hie h^art- 
rendfu£, frank discusfiion with an 
apology to anyone who might think 
that he waa perhaps a little too 
Imrsh in some of his statements 
for "the poor humans ^ J ho are thus 
being persecuted and degraded 
possess the sama blood -which 
courses, through my veins and that 
is the reason they suffer so_ :h 

Xjou L W. Pdedmau vraa ap- 
pointed Lion tamer for the balance 
of the year to succeed Fred Buvk- 
bolder, -who now is a member o 
the Washington Lions Clnb + 

A rote ojT thanks ivaa voted tr 

Lion Boss Copley for the splendid 

Ladies Night party he3d last "^cck- 

Lion F. D. Spofford spoko for th^ 

actiyitles committee. 

"By the term refugees I do not only mean the 700,000 Jews in Austria-Germany, 
but also the million in Hungary, 600,000 in Rumania, three and a quarter million in 
Poland and the hundreds of thousands in other European countries. All in all close 
to six million human beings, and this does not include the two million Jews in 
Russia where most of them live under the same conditions, in the same kind of 
inhuman hell, as do their brethren in Germany." 

The Daily Mail (Hagerstown, MD), January 25, 1939, page 3. 

Rabbi Baruch E. Rabinowich of the Congregation of the Sons of Abraham, speaking at 
Hagerstown Lions Club in Maryland. 

No.136, January 1939 



Perez Answers Mr. X f ihP,.u M ..i u y n. -n^w, chtm 

Urges Lifting Embargo was Red- U wm only m Ethi- 

Rome- Jan. 31 ^- The Mr, X opia where Ihcy coukln'L find any 

whose opinions against Loyalist "Red*" and had to go to war with- 

Spain appeared in your columns out Hurt excuse, 

makes a pretense of keeping his Hitler, at Nuremberg, called the* 

name a secret in order to give the American government "Bolshevik 1 ', 

impression that he would be which surely should be a warning 

harmed if he gave his name. to Americans that If Hitler gains 

As a matter of fact since there control of the Important islands 

are only three Spaniards in Rome off the coast of Spain, we will sec 

who came from the Aragon Pro- Nazi battleships cruising Ihe const 

vince, and since only one of them of South America. 

visited Spam in 1928, as Mr. X .Smre Hitler has already derlar- 

says that he did, and since only cd tli&t the United States is + Bol- 

one of them claims to speak shevik" and si nee [hat Is all the 

French as Mr. X says that he does, ejecuse he ever needed to attack, 

it is perfectly clear lo every Span- let ui suppose that he did. Then 

i*h citizen in Rome just who Mr, I am sure that every decent Am* 

X really is. However, we support- erican would consider a man who 

crs ol the Loyalist Government in refund to defend his country 

America do not intend lo harm either a coward or a Nazi agent . 

such a person as Mr. X as he The people .of Spain, because 

would lead you to believe. As a ihey know that They are defend! ne 

matter of fact we have known world democracy, have fought off 

right atone just where ho stood- \ftr well armed pro few* fan* 1 aol- 

Mr. X tells us that he is not (JIpth ot Muasollm and Hi> 

a Nazi or a Fascist, although he R nhm with thn Moorw and the few 

is against the legal government Spaniard* with Franco for two 

of Spain, Let me remind your und n half yean. This they have 

readers that the Spanish people done without iUfftClMl gum or 

m February 1936, elected their ammunition and without a well 

government in a democratic elec- trained army. And w# know that 

tlon which Franco and has follow- lt C innot hi only the 'ReeU; if 

ers never claimed was otherwise th «. rr Rrr , inV whto hav* put up 

until after Franco rebelled in July , hN neroJc f J fhl for th ^ lr coun . 

1936. The present government (f-y 

was elected by an overwhelming \ Uu .. \\ v \ rca \\ y Relieve that 

majority. The constitution was lf mucr gains control of Spain 

deliberately imitated from the lM . ,. t .^ ^, =»-„„* »u n * uf« 

American Government, and was ^ l *5 h ' P. of JJSffiJ^fi 

actually a little Jess "radical" than ? ?^}£*A 11 £? r^in^Aiilfri- 

the American form. il JV 1 *^ ™-£ !™J^ am 
*j^u j * *i ■* j iu and Czechoslovak lfi where o,UUU*« 
Nobody clajmed thP tfovemment m Jwi have been murdered, 
was "Red" until Hitler and Mus- where Catholic pries! s are assault- 
so] ini made this an excuse for a ^c| and jailed and their churches 
war oC Invasion against the peace- Honed because ihcv dare to preach 
[til country of Spain, Hitler al- the Chrkit.m doctrine of peace, 
ways has and always will claim whr-rr scientist?! find writers have g^ 
that any country he wants to grab been exiled and their hook* hum- 
is Red. Czechoslovakia was called <*d> and the rule of violence and 
M Red" when Milter attacked, Aus- murder has replaced every rivl- 
iria was "Red", the Saar was Ji^d law of life? 

JANTARY 31 ( 1939 

Of all the countries of the 
world, we have picked out the 
one country of Spain to refuse 
to sell arms to We have done 
this in the name of neutrality. But 
It is not neutrality to discrimin- 
ate n Rain *i Jwt one country, and 
that one a country which eveyonc 
known has attacked none ( but U 
fight ing within Its own borders 
In self-defense. 

I am sure that every red! Am* 
erican as well as every Spaniard, 
Joirw with me in iirj&lnft that the 
unfair embnruo against Spain, 
which helps the enemies of Arnerl* 
ca, should be lifted, 

t urge of every man and wo- 
man that you wire your cofigfvai 
man -that yea talk to your friend* 
and nelghtHirv-thnt yqu speuk In 
your union or civic nrfia nidation 

tiffing thil Uu State Depart- 
ment and Congress act to hit the 

John Perez, secretary 
Rome Popular Front 

W:M mm* 







"Does Mr. X really believe that if Hitler gains control of Spain with the help of 
Franco, that life in Spain will be any different than it is today in Germany, Austria 
and Czechoslovakia where 6,000,000 Jews have been murdered, ..." 

Daily Sentinel (Rome, NY), January 31, 1939, page 11. 

No. 137, February 1939 

Jews Will Nat Surrender Palestine Rights, Weizmann Warns; 

Continuation ol Mandate and Jewish Immigration an 

Absorptivity Principle Principal Among Four 

Principal Demands Made By Jewish Agency 

Leader; Cites Great Gains Made By 

Arabs Following World War 

London — C alii ei |f upon the Britiih Government to "Jo jutlicc to my 
People in tliis dark hour," Dr. Weixmann* President of the Jowiih Agenc* 
for Palestine demanded the continuation of the Pnteitine Mandate and of 
Jcwiih immigration on the principle of economic obiorpt i*ity after warning 
that the J»wi hove "vital intcrcili and right* in Pflleitin* which limy will 
nfver surrender/' 

Or, Weirmann's declaration,, mode in 4 two hour add rex 1 which be df 
Civercd lest Wednesday night at $*. Jamei Patac*. w» disclosed in on oFheial 
■ nmznory. 

Weizmann' $ Four*Pointcd Demand 

Foil* principal demand* wore placed before the British Government on 
behalf of the J evil by Or. Weiiin^rin, The** we res (lj Continuation of the 
League ef Nation 1 Mandate; {2) Jewiih immigration En, accordance with the 

firinciple of economic absorptivity; (3 J in active policy of development in 
Feleitiner (4) effective tafeguardi against a minority ■ to to a for Jew*, 

A review of JewUh historical connection with Palriiine, * aurnmary of 
Ar*b g-atni following the World War and a reminder that Great Bt l tot a he* 
net fulfilled the original premise contained in the Balfour Declaration con. 
ttituted the theme* of Dr. Weizmann 1 * exposition of the Jewish cau in Pal- 

"The Jewish representative* enter thja diicuaiien." the Jewt*h leader Mid, 
"wish the deiire to be helpful and with a full recognition of the dilficultin* 
facing the Government. However, we mu*t safeguard our vital interest* end 
right* which wd will hot inrTehder, particularly tn thii blacken hour of Jew- 
■ih hi*tory/ h 

Referring lu the turvey of the Jewiih portion thai he had presented to 

I he Peel Royal Comniii&ion. Dr, Woiamanni reiterated that the root of lh* 
problem i« the hometessnest of the JcVfifh people which it everywhere a 

"Thej- preserved their identity because of their attachment to Palestine 
and the hope oF a return (O Zicn," he declared. 'The claim, to Palestine wai 
nrver abandoned; the Jewith community there never ceaied to eaist, In every 
age Jowiih croup* went 1o Palestine and for the 1ait jixty year* active rt>- 
lettlemcnt ha* been going on. The Balfour Declaration recognized thetc hii- 
toric fact i and the preamble of the Mandate; save international recognition 
to the historical connection of the Jewish people and Palestine and th* iroundi 
for reconstituting their national homo in that country." 

Foundations of Empire Would Be Shaken: Weizmann 
"The Royal Com million 1 * report ruled out artificial re*trictien* on Jow- 
iih immigration and the relegation of Jew* to a minority statu*. Jt ■■ incon 
(f'orillnucd en fjge SO] 
li\i;i uuif il from pttjn? O 
ceiyahte that after twenty roar*, the Government will be iceltin K *n interpre- 
tation of the Mandate which will curtail fundament*! Jowiih riant*. Such a 
departure from a. portion would i hate the Brit lib Empire to Lep found. 
»ti on ■, for the bond* rive I inn '* together are purely moral and are competed 
of natural faith and a. belief in the security of promise*." 

A new period! of vacillation *uccn«dcd the issuance of Iho Royal Com* 
mp*iiea report, which found it* culmination in the Weodhead report, Dr* Wein 
nwnn continued, "The idea of a Jewiih Slate wai abandoned, 

"The one thing |h«( remain* it a political high level for Jewish immigra- 
tion. At a time of tupreme di it re is for Central Europe tin Jewry and ai the 
Jewish tragedy spread* In oiher counlriei, the gates of the National Heme are 
nearly *htit to Jewnh refugee*. The fate of tin, mill ton people t* in the bal- 
ance, They do not know whither {o^e^^^^^^^^^^^^^" 

Say$ No Conflicting Promises 

The argument that conflicting pronmc* were made to Jew* and Arabi by 
the Britiih waj* dented by Dr, Wotftnattfl, If there wa* any ovei-lappin S of 
promivei, there wji no eomflicl with regard to HevtOTB Paleitine, a* woa 
acEtnewledged by the rep re tent a lire* of the Government and by Sir Henry 
nfacMahbn himielf. T T E, i-a wrtnw had alio written that Win*ten Churchill 1 * 
settlement in 1921-22 fulfilh-d all the promiie* made by Great Britain to the 
Arab?. Dr. Weiimann underlined. 

Ai fi rial proof, he cited the fact that King Fcital. a* the Authorized 
*pokeiman for the Aroh* at the Portf Conference had accepted the Balfour 
Declaration. Where there might have been a pos nihility of conflict in the 
prom tie ■ on Tran* Jordan, thi* had been lelved one hundred per cent in favor 
of tbe-Arab*, the JewEih leader pointed out, 

Rejects Minority Status foi* Jews 
Dp aline with the Aran claim that Paleitine ii an Arab country «nd *hduld 
have an Ar*b Government, Dr. Weizmann **id that even on the present ba*i* 
that claipn cannot bt realized since the Jew* form a third of Iho population 
and are rcapentible foir more than two third* of the economic and cultural 
activity in Falettine. 

Tula. Principal Demand* of Weizmann 

The gi*l of Dr. Weixrnqnn'i it atom en t wa» a demand for the continuation 
or the Mandate and of Jovmh imrnigration in accordance with the principle of 
economic absorptivity, together with an active policy of development and 
effective aafenuardi agairut a minority elatn* for the Jew*. 

Concluding. Dr, Weixmann *aid to the British officials; 

"J pray that you who have carried ju*tico. fairnef* and good Government 
into the remote*! corner* of the globe; t pray with oil respect and humility 
that you will do jut (ice to my people in thii dark hour." 

London Conferences May Be Quitted by Jewish Delegations 

Jewith delegate* to the Palestine conference led by Dr, Chahn Weixmann 
of Great Britain and Rabbi Stephen S. Wite o* the United State* wont tc- 
Prime Mini iter Chamberlain today at 10 Downing Street and threatened! to 
boll the conference. 

Th* Jewiih delegate* told Ch*mbcr|ain that if a British lusgettion for 
restoration of Jewish immigration to Palestine over an unspecified period ii 
forced on them, they would he forced to withdraw from the negolialiemi 
seeking to til tic the thorny problem of the Holy Land. 

They supported their aland with a declaration that Jow* never needed 
unrestricted immigration to Palestine at much a* at proienl, with 6.000,000 
Jewmh refugee* *ecking a haven. ^^^^^~ 

It was underalood that the Jewi. put pressure en Chamberlain and Mfcc 
Donald who wa* with the prime miniiter, to persuade th* Arab delegates lo 
the conference to meet the Jew* ■■■ a round table conference on iho grounds 
that the present Ulk» with vague statement* by the British represent a + 
live* fipsi to the Jew* and then to the Arab* were getlin a nowhere. They 
also allied Chamberlain what concreted British plan wa* suggested for solu- 
tion of the Palestine problem. 

"The one thing that remains is a political high level for Jewish immigration. At a 
time of supreme distress for Central European Jewry and as the Jewish tragedy 
spreads to other countries, the gates of the National Home are nearly shut to 
Jewish refugees. The fate of six million people is in the balance. They do not 
know whither to go." 

The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), February 17, 1939, pages 4 & 20. 

This article is reporting on an address made by Chaim Weizmann, president of the World Zionist 
Organisation (who also featured in No. 114 in our list) on February 8, 1939 at St. James Palace, 
London. His "The fate of six million people is in the balance" speech was also quoted in: The 
Palestine Post, February 14th, 1939, page 1. And The Canadian Jewish Chronicle, February 17, 
1939, page 7. 

No. 138, February 1939 

Jewish Relief Appeal 
Starts Here Tomorrow 

More than 200 volunteer! will be- 
gin tomorrow * thorough canvass 
of St Petersburg in behalf of the 
local campaign of the United Jew- 
ish Appeal for Refugees and Over- 
seas Needs, It Is the largest and 
most Intensive drive ever conducted 
by American Jews for 'relief and 
reconstruction in Europe, Immigra- 
tion and resettlement in Palestine 
and integration of refugees into the 
life of the United States. 

Milton S, Lew, chairman of the 
local campaign, said today that the 
appeal represents the greatest 
effort In the history of the Ameri- 
can Jews to relieve distress abroad 
to provide new Immigration oppor- 
r inmea in. Palestine. "The lives of 
many hundreds of thousands of 
persecuted men, women and chil^ 

dren depend upon our success In 
this drive," he reported to hi* cam- 
paign workers, 

Appeal to A1F Creeds 

Chairman Lew explained that the 
appeal will be made to all creeds 
and races because, the agents of 
terror and hatred now aroused in 
Europe are levied against all re- 
ligions in general, Ouce unleashed 
these powers cannot easily be 

"Intolerance,*' Lew stated, "is as 
anti-Christian as it is antt-JewJsh* 
The fiction of racial superiority is 
so alien to our American traditions 
that we cannot understand the cal- 
lousness of many European nations 
toward the helpless victims. I feel 
that Americans of all-creeds can 
join to prow to the world once 
mora that whfle* American democ- 
racy lives, humanity and compas- 
sion shall not die/ 1 

Lew pointed out -that there are 
blx million Jews In Europe today 
fighting desperately against intol- 
For them the 
support of the united appeal is 
crucial, he said. 

The national quota flouebt in the 

drive is $20,000,000 nf which St. 
Petersburg's share has been set at 
S8,000 + Lew is being assisted in the 
local drive by A* Slerkese, treasurer, 
and a large committer 

"6,000,000 Helpless. ... there are six million Jews in Europe today fighting 
desperately against intolerance and despair. For them the support of the united 
appeal is crucial." 

The Evening Independent (St. Petersburg, FL) February 22, 1939, section 2, page 1. 

No. 139, March 1939 





With 3,000,000 unemployed to retrain for 
new occupations . . . promote self-sustain- 
ing" industrial projects , . . maintain 1,300 
free loan societies and credit cooperatives 
. , . feed and educate children .', , support 
hospitals and clinics for children and 
adults ■ , . provide emergency and recon- 
structive aid . . ; care for German Jewish 
border deportees* 

With 355,000 to provide direct relief for 
in the form of food, shelter, clothing; to 
Sudeten and Slovakian border refugees 
. . /assist in emigration , , , give economic 
aid , . t support welfare agencies* 



With 350,000 Jewish refugees to equip for 
new lives overseas . . - pay transportation 
costs ■ . i support refuge semefc fcg«aclfi& 
. ■ , maintain schools for Jewish children 
, , . assist those who cannot euai^rate. 

With 200,000 to maintain trade retraining I 
courses for . . , assist refugees to emigrate j 
, , p provide food, clothiner, shelter for] 
destitute , , . aid welfare agencies. 



With 780,000 to provide vocational re- 
training for and child care , . , assist 
Jewish artisans, farmers, traders . . , sup- 
port schools, medical aid &nxl health 
camps . . . nuance reconstruction and 
direct relief. 

With 60,000 facing sudden loss of right] 
. * . earning possibilities restricted 

help 6,000 German an „Ian refugee] 

forced to re-emigrate V • « assist 10,00) 
other foreign Jews who face immedial 
expulsion ... provide economic aid 
20,000 others affected by . ami - Jewis' 



You can not — you will not — you dare not — shirk your part. Be Prepared M 
give with a smile, and be thankful that you can, for it may be said, 'but far thf 
grace of God it might have been me\ 

Endorsed by the Vancouver Jewish Administrative Council. 


The Jewish Western Bulletin (Vancouver), March 3, 1939, page 2. 

No. 140, March 1939 

Page 47 

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"As Europe's conscience continue to decline one fact becomes increasingly clear. 
It is not a Jewish problem that confronts the peoples of the old continent; It is a 
Christian problem, a world problem. If the six million Jews that constitute the 
European scene were removed from the lands where they now dwell the forces of 
brutality and ruthlessness would still continue to operate." 

The Advocate (MA), March 17, 1939. The Advocate: America's Jewish Journal. Vol. 95-98. 1939. Page 47. 

The above is purportedly a verbatim quote from the final chapter of Rabbi Charles E. Shulman's 
1939 book Europe's Conscience in Decline, which was reviewed in this edition of The Advocate. 

No. 141, April 1939 


Tbi Jewish Oitieion 

_Ap ril t 1&3S 

Dictators Make Headlines . . . You Make The 
Eternal Story Of Jewish Survival 

Not In Hitler's Hands, In Tours , . . The Fate Of Six Million European Jews 

United Jewish Fund Drive Gives You Chance To Help Suffering Millions 

II v Mux i no Hirslt llader 

John H. Cobm, Chairman of ih* 
Tndt Council Commit!** 

ApriE. 1*38 to April. 193S _ A 
Year of Traced)" Germany romoli- 
dated her absoip-jon of Austria. Ibply 
issued anti-Semitic decree*. The XaiL* 
swept the Sudeteniand ojf the n& 
A Jewish bey tn France shot h G*r* 
man . . . Germany took Menu I. Hit- 
ler mad* himself supreme Protector 
of MowE* and Bohemia. What ifcd 
you do? 

What did the«e swiftly moving 
events of universal, international im- 
portance mean In their effect* upon 
Individual human five*- 7 They meant 
that aged and eminent Jewish schol- 
ars, on their hands and IrJMas, cl-;in- 
ad the streets of Vienna. They meant 
that young men, men tvho would have 
been looking forward to live* of se 1 <- 
developmtnt and serial conts S. 
ihot themselves* They meant tha r 
«tn* Jown, /ome few, fortunate Jew P , 
ww* lucky enough to be pennilt * 
*»iea from their homelands Other* 
had to stay, and stan*. Thi-y nn ant 
that Jewish home* and ahepj wrr: 
wrecked and looted, almost the last 
remaining mite of Jewish property 
confiscated. And lhounnnd- of Jew- 
ish men thrown, defense! e^Uy, in:o 

tram pi to he beaten and tortured. In 
totaj, there, in man? human Jives, 
they meant every- conceivable kind of 
physical and psychological suffering 
Slated for mMV40: German ni- 
jugaljon of Ivumnnia. Return of D*n- 
*% to Germany. Increa&c of the Nazi 
fleet. Teutonic rule of the Poliih 
Corridor Nasi do mi nation of the rich 
Ukraine. Extension of Xa*E influ- 
ener. in South America. What will 
you do? 

Will You Do Your Share, Thrown 
Tb* United Jewish Fund? 

How many times — when Austria 
waj taken . . . when the September 
Sudeten Eand broadcast* chilled our 
heart.* , . . whan the November pog- 
roms roused our iorrow . . . and the 
dismemberment of little Ckcoq-Sa!- 
vakJa railed our anjjpr — how many 
time* have we not all said* H Tf only, 
[f only there *w something 1 could 
do about it If only I had some in- 
fluence. If only [ know some action 
r could take!" 

Now the time has come for you to 
act, to act in the most affirmative way 

burfhV men prominent cilisvni, 
Oliver M. Kaufmarui, "twain hun 
eared men and won^n who hive seen 
movie*, reid report*. Mudied charti to 
familiarise themietvei with the litua- 
tion ... to learn intimately -mh*x ii 
happening and whit must be done, 
twclv* hundred men and women who 
have fri*en mere tLan time . . . bit 
and itull contributor!, tut contribu- 
tor* who ere makine Merifieei in or- 
d«r Iq give mwf!" Their foal u the 
attainment of iwelt* thou land Pilt*- 
burf h contributors to * fund to aid 
th* doip#r>te needy in all P »r(* of ih* 

Original Slructurf of Thi» 
Year + s Carnp*ixn 

Unique in tht*. pftrt drive it lu 
organization. Never before in peace" 
time ha* a food raisin j- cam pi turn 
been orsraniied in *uch a thorough 
and efficient way. Alt phases of th* 
community's rMonv«ji have been con- 
*idercd and deTctopipd. 

Under an e^ecuiiv^ con^mlttee le«l 
by Mr. Kaufniann tind caiiKistinc of 
the preaident, LouEi Caplan: treiui- 

Joi»ph M. Mayan. Secretary of tkr 
United Jewiih Fund Drive 

Mn t hfaurica Lyons, A C&-Ch»irrrt»n 
of lb* Wom*f/* f>ivi»ion 

that any one man cin act— in unison 
with hi* fellowmen. Through the 
medium of the United Jewish Fund, 
yon can participate In a united front 
asainrt the infliction of human suf- 
ferlnf and the comefoua destruction 
of ctvatizatioru Your action here L= 
con struct! ve 4 vital- And nceeoaiT — 
the hop?* of our future r*n upon the 
responsible participation of *v«ry in- 
dividual Jew En the United Jo with 
Ppad Drive, 

What The United Jewish 
Fund Drivf U 

Filtihurib's United Jlwkb F^nd 
Driv» ■* part of lb* United Jewish 
Appeal for* and Overseas 
Ne«d*' nationsl campaiEn, of which 
R»Lbi Abb. rllltaJ Silver of Clevalaad 
and Rabbi Jumh B. Wo* of Nf*. 
York mtm th* National Chairmen. 

Here,, it functions as m. dynamic or- 
|-*mi*t{on of lw«W* hundred volun- 
teer h«lp*T*, wo rain !> in reoperation 
with ihwir Chairman, on* of Pitt*' 

Mr*. John |f. Cohen, 
A Women's Unit Leader 

urer p Chnrle* J. Itmtn bloom; i*cx*< 
tarj-. Joseph M. Meytn; and cam- 
pahjn director. HJth Salpetcr^ the 
If roup Is proportioned into throo main 

These three major dMuon*: con- 
fiat of the man's unit, chairmnnnc.i 
by Alex LowonthaJ? the women *** ad. 
ministered by Jls chairmen, «». Jchi 
Cohen. Sir*. Uyitk Fisher, Mrs, Fnn- 
nle Friedman, Mr«, EilKnr Hirsh, Mr* 
Karl J. Kxufrnann, %nt\ Mr*. Mnuri -.-•' 
L. Lyon: and the youth group, led bv 
co-chairmen Horman Foreman and 
Miriam Stone. 

Under these three daagincatloiu 
there are more than fifty individual 
campaign committer represent iti? 
and contact injf a very professional, in- 
duitrial. orsranixationnL and pfco- 
jcraphteal aipect of the Pittsburgh 
Jewiih community. 

This most highly tpeclallaed orjjan 
i tat ton of the drive- worker* Es ont 1 &f 
the campaign^ most significant fea- 

Mrs. Hd^ 17 L, Hirsh. Woesan'» 
Divinityn Co- Chairman 

KurtSj f or t with Eta operation, no mat 
her of the community will be solicited 
by more than one group or comcai:' 
tee. Furthermore* although bhhefH 
there hat always been an opening ittfl 
a closinR date for '.be canvass, tfcl' 
year oach committee will wsft it 
own campaijrn at its own appropriaK 
lime wttnin the d*it*s February H 
and May 14, 

Payment of oaie'* contribution msj 
be Ajiuit'd on a twelve-month balk 
Since the peril and distress of Jew* 
abroad seems likely to con'Jnuc t thert 
will be & continuous need for moner 
The money raised will be budj^teJ 
for local LmtUuifom. and the larr^ 
part saved for the needs of 
tional ciiied as they occur. A eontri 
but ion of of teen ctnL*, the price of 
■n ice cream soda, will keep a child 
for thro* days in Palestine* and on* 
of twenty 'Ave cents a week for s 
year will irinsport a mother and cii\): 
fro n Prague to the Homeland » 
matnlain them there for a day. 

How Fund Money K Used 

With the money you contribute '." 
(CoDElriiie'l on nasfl 13) 

Marry Rom, Chairman of ■n'" 
htercantiEe Council 

A pril 1, 19B9 

Thi Jkwis 

Mushroom Manure 


L!Ufl tr n-x 

Flaufer Beds Gardens 


U Ji nil atabte manure without 

wwda or odor 

LMli et 3 ca- f**- r*r *T-O0 

10 J*t ■»•: ovee $} #1=3 pfr y*L 

□all) 1 oellverr tfre* lb l'Kfc- area 


Landscape Contractor 

Duller, Panna. 

Mi n»tu <7*mplf 1* aiiia 

tlHf^fUfiM pM|l Ullrfarn 0|| 

I'-h-r * lr,,i,ln t Mi It * ftrOd 

lV*>tif-a Dnr Worfcrra i=JO.)! r n VT' 


ATtrinJle *f§f 


rVbat'i A Hem* Withe-nt A Uwn? 

B*f* T**r UWi H*pt**l*r2 ud fill 
Ot Monthlr Hat** 

ttKEVT WAtKS HKfMlltJd] UtU 


Clturcntll Q34T 

PhOnee: Him: 3-37 :■ - 3 3 T 2 

Squirrel Hill 

Hottiei and 





Tlra LaaurAhr* - 

- Ileal Hl|»[« ^- 


— Kealtnar 

sm* rorWi mm 

IMUH Kill 

l K Hi*frura\h. 

I! til tii air* alie* <<A#«rruM|i 






134 Meadow Street rfllebur«k. I 1 *, 

Raskin Lumber & Supply 

Umb*r, MU1 Work and Burden' 

Tkiw* A*tau« and l*. *L R. 

O4JI IPfWi ftfl hu l B «m. 

Til+0boB+» Carnegie < r Walnut Hal 



^■^ Fw Tour Selection 

^Jiruba, Evcrsrccns^ Trcc* h 
Perennial* and Alpine PUnti 

A Pemnfefe LtM^inpf ffcrvfatf 

O'odW* Landrmp* ji rc-MN-r (f 

H U1*0H R«id Oakninnl, Fa, 

**P**M V MkMVl Co— try Club 


Dictator* Make Headlines 

HMfttlnup.1 from pact *) 

iho United Jewish Fund of PitU' 
bui'jrh, three t&rf'-* organlialiona . — 
inc America^ Jewish joint DUtTtbu* 
tion CommiLue, Int., the. Un.ted Pa2- 
cjiinc Appeal, and the XnUonal Cc- 
ordinatiflg Committee Fund, Inc. — 
and eighteen national and local iiuli- 
tutlona will henenL Only onre a year. 
in ibis 011c campaign, arc y^u con- 
tacted to shaxa tn the reconstruct L vc 
vark of all the*o a*-enc>a#. 

The work of the three major or- 
gan] LatLonj; named will succor three 
dblinct areas of Jewish need, aa Mr. 
Kaufmann explained: 

"Th* American Jatrith Joint Distri- 
bution Convmiltee will prDvLdia nn-> 
BifrdiEi* huitUinc* and «morf *n«y *id 
I* J*Ha wilbim Oar^naniF *md Auilrja 
and I* tna Casrmaa refuga-a* in I^ufo- 
p»«n 4md othar l«Jtd*, •nnbbn( man/ 
Ihi.iWMnd iudkvidu*!*, whenever pOi> 
lible, to find now homo*. Th* Joist 
DillPihiitian Com mi lie e will alio coq> 
lLbu* lu eaUn-iivo pretram *( recon' 
ItrUftiva aid atid •raerjoticj' a.iiikl- 
a>neo to lit* J*w» oi Poland + Kumania 
and altiar (auntnti of Emilarn and 
Central Eurcpu. 

"The United Pal^fline Appaal v||| 
proraete ilk* Em migration and leiile^ 
mtnt in Pnleitine of maoy thousand* 
who muat leav* Ceirirvany and alhar 
countrjui in ord«r to etcap* deilrue- 
tien 4 It aLvD main I aim ami if inn ifl a 
itUulienA for the nen*&t el J+Wi in 
Palestine *nd for ihe thguiafldi who 
have «mf I here ih recent >ear». ad- 
vancini the upbuilding of tae coun- 
try ihmuih the prentetion of immi- 
f ration, tnlonjutjon and Und pur- 
caata and other acli^itiaa to anlerfe 
tbo AbiorptW* cephcltjr of th* coun- 
try. It 3i as encouraging f«c| tK«t 
tflore i» no money needed for 'relief 4 
for th* J*w in [Pallatise: ewce be it 
f«ttl«4 he become » »elf-iupnori»n^. 
ittitiiiica prove the average nf- 
iMn v*ar eifd kaif, waieJfi| thero. in 
tbre* year* Can brine three, of hit 
family Id PaleiLtntr, 

+ Th« National Co^rdinatinc Com- 
JflittC* t'und, the tftncjr con Earn ad 
with, the problem of refugee* <4mm e 
to thil cOunlrv, Will comtinu* ilt work 
of helping tha«4 rtfuieei adjust them- 
ieiVOa to their new «nviro,n.m.cflk. ft 
will continue to aid lh*«* oewcomer* 
with tocial aarrice, iramiirant educa> 
tien and natural iiatiDtt advice, iorn 

munal aftiettiff and recreation. 

" M hap* that f rjb Jewry,' 
the- campaif/n Chair man continued, 
will,, when contacted by one of our 
(waive hundred volunteer worker*, b* 
IfcncrOui, cordial and eeUTtC-OUi 1& 
Ibini. S.rarirnr in mind that theie work. 
era are the repreienUlivei of *ix mil- 
lien Jewiih people who are in dire 
need today. Ln n campaign againvl 
every olker human dijaxtar, flood, 
famine, and war, there i» alwayi a 
terminalmn in ugh I. Uu| there ajj 
peari, *a yol. to be ne *aiina el th* 
tension in whieh EuropVi Jewt are 
li ti ;-■ ;: . 

*i doa't need la tell you, the re lore, 
of the nceda of t H! ■ dri**, Never be 
fore ha 1 40 rauch involuntary pub- 
licity Accompanied any campaign ^ 
th* headline! ef any paper 1*11 Lha 

"Ofl, behalf of the entire campaign 
ceatmiltaa I wiih to thank, thoie of 
you who have already been contacted. 
Th* xnarvelout nipeniD that you have 
accorded our worsen haa enceiaraced 
them to rivo their beat, that the year 
1939 may be a climax of achieve 
men I/" 

Stated For 1S39-1940 By Thf 
United JrwUh Appeal For Kefujicc.^ 
mid Ovcneai Xecdi: TTanjportat^n 
of horror-driven victim* to places of 
wifdty „ Food for (Jit huRtry. Hrnlth 
for children. £hc4ter, Traiiafcirmati&h 
of de»rt wa^t^s in Pat fj title into 
fortltc fami-honnM. Ro^ education or 
Jewish r*fu(r*« far ptoduetlve joba 

Thc'l* art bnt a few of th* crea- 
tive, cumulative human viluri to he 
achieved by I'ittihurgh's United Je* T 
ifh Tund Driv^ What will we + who 

1: it 1 u n 


T« \>SI i: III and S I OIE \^1< 

U 1 


ff atovura 

mlMmmW Tran*«*r * a tor. Ce 

Belmar Moving & Storage 

A loKVITIN, Crea 

Agent for Alfred Van Linei 

Pull or 0*rL lirad. anr dlitanCe 

Can realtl 31*1 Eve h a^ IlltanO T^> 




PHrMip aArresirrEis. i j r*e, 



acaenler 0404 IIAaet nil 



Full or Part Load Cottft 

to Coast 

Alt Load a 

r'ully Imure^l 

I'aoara Udeaea 

lead! M*t— KHSJ 

12o E. 7th St. 

Homeitaad, Pa. 


Reasonable Rate* 
Fireproof Warehouse 


Transfer nnd Slaraeu Co. 

1009 Bidwell St. r N. S, 

l 1: wks Hit* riena Uod*o 1=34-31 

Hoeveler Warehouse Co. 

M Q V| H e— P ACKI KG- S T OH A Q E 

M: % li TJVIJH It l.i if 

Better Fumituie Movers 


HI LAND 0404 
Moving • parkin* . Stonier 
Buora^g and Fretght DelJTery 

Safe Storage Service 

for Househc 

>ld Goods 



Fireproof Warehouses 



Storage And Transfer Co. 
Center imd Euclid Ave*. MOntro** d?Q0 


Nile Pbnne PEnhtirj- 3B&3- 

are ao fortunate to be «rtvinjr. not taJt* 
ing. what will wo do? 

Will we TkOt frive of ouridve-i, of 
our resource*,, aa much as wf can, 
more, much more, than wo think W0 
can apart? Let tif, ai Arneirloaiu, as 
Jews, seek with wElUnp beuti and 
open handf K to maK« 19S9 our year 
or triumph over tragedy? 

Wheeling Dollar Savings Bank 

to Bay Assets af Citizens 


Tt? WfttelittF Dollar Saving* and 
Tnat company wSU purefce** nil iaaat* 
of th* QiMjanw UuEuaf Trail comMinj,. 
a Tolo of Jtocaneldtfa In tB# Citizen* 
nana; determmed. 

In Voting the sale Ih* jhtotkneSitera 
accepted 44 offer ttwm the Dollar bank 
extended earlier ihli month. 

Toe Citizen* Mutual will continue 
tiDtnxnl buainr?u for to 10 #0 daya al- 
thouch the al&rkholden veto Frttlay n^- 
aures tlnal c*n*Umni*tiQn of the deal, 
bank oRlciala annauhce. rHUUH Hi Hi<- 
tum&ver ■Mill be rorapteted during the 
cocntac weeka of the bank'i opeeatlon. 

After thai Una the Dollar bank win 
have (OH f*cnm*a of aarving customer* 
«£ the Clttxena bank. Effort* mLIt br 
ntade to emptor ua man?" aa poeefble of 
(he bonk. 

More than 3# por cent of tbt atock- 

haldBra In the- Kin'kinff IniUlutlon pur. 
chaacd n*ra represented at ID* n*tetJng 
With aaaeta of the CHI**tta bank ac- 
Qui***, Wheeling Dollar vrLU have a*- 
«la approxtmately t^WOjOOO — mak . 
ina* It by br the ktrgrat bank in We*i 

Ooiceri of too Wheeling Dollar Bav- 
Inga nnd Trual company are; Samuel 
W. Hirper, pre*!*(er(; Robert Hazlett. 
chalmuin ef the uoanl; llugn Laupf. 
executive vloo-praaidant •, H h e t m a n 
SholL vice pre*J:*ni: Coorge & Caran- 
Niucr. vice preafcd*nt + anr) W. P. Welk- 
*r. trust officer. 

Uniantawn Marble and Granite 

Company Offer* Fine 


.VI I he t'nlontoiivn M.irb'r and Omn- 
II* <^moaay, located at f tt Coolaprlnc 
Street, l J nL0»le-*n. I^a, can bo found 
memorial of real eharacter and beauty. 
Inrough yeara of aarvtce they have 
imki: up a dLgniftod And enviable rep- 
utatLon, When voit choose tnr>numeni* 
front the Unlantown Mnrbl* Cornpony 
you can be aa^ured that they wtll 
u^itHatnod the ravage* of tuna aad in* 
clement weather beaMaai beim£ 
ful in «lt*lgn. Fer endurlnR memorial* 
ni reftjwaaWe prtce* bo aura la con- 
ault thU company which la under the 
AupervE*]on of Mr. A. EL riawklaa 

"Not in Hitler's Hands, In Yours ... The Fate Of Six Million European Jews 
million Jewish people who are in dire need today." 


The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), April 7, 1939, pages 4 & 33. 

No.142, April 1939 


The Ibwiah Cri tikioh 

Api^ii 14, im 

News of the World in Brief 

Democracies Roused Against Fascism, Nazism; 

SenSimen! Against Totalitarianism Growing 

800,000 Jews in Distress In Central Europe 

Result of Recent An ii -Semitic Action 

Mexicans Burn Mussolini. Hill*.* in 

Mnxico City - - Police guards Wirt: 
stationed at the German and ItaSiii.ii 
legations aiter Crowds burned an :-i- 
Agy of Premiur ItiL'-.solinL and stoned 
an ima^c or ChanceJlgr flitter. Mexi- 
cans custgmarily stenc or burn im- 
age* of J-uiliLs on the day before 
Easter but this d*v the gecasien 
broadened, with Rightist and, Leftist 
political groups she^-mg diverging 

British Deporting Naii Agenls 

Landau—- More than 5-0 Niiti polit- 
ical agents and !iii'::ii;L':j of the C :■ ■ 
man secret pelicn are leaving Lgndon 
within d week, the Daily Mnrrer said. 
As part of the campaign to pbHtC 
HritaLn nf Xaii aujtotfet, warning will 
be given tg the Germans by Scotland 
Yard "bnt thev vjlLi to arrested if 
they remain. Paris newspaper reports 
that German embassies and consulates 
in London and Paris were ordered to 
send back to Germany all oflnci-nl^ 
who were not absolutely indispensible 
were denied at tla.ii Reich Embassy. 

+ V P 

Follow art ol Cwigblln and Bumi 

H*w Yoyk — Members of a crowd 
cF .-several thousand persons mobbed 
ton foligwcrs of the Rev. Charles E. 
CggjfbUn who vara soiling the Detroit 
radio speaker's paper, Social Justice, 
and tore up several hundred copies 
of the paper. The crowd was dis- 
persed by police after representatives 
of Social Just-ice and of the FrL-u 
American (Deutsche Weckruf anJ 
Beobachvfcer), organ ol the Gemsar-i- 
Amerlcan Bund, had complained [haL 
members of after-theatru aw-wds had 
molested Belters of the paper. 

Otto Kauniann, a naturalised Ger- 
aft*B„ begjirrte sg edited wntehing 

piefcets And salesmen of Father 
Coughlin'x Sgeial Justice outside s 
theatre Here that he started denonnc- 
\si% Adolf Hitler. Arrested on a 
charge gf disorders? conduct, Eau- 
mann again started dflnounein^ Hit- 
ler. Sentence vtss iuspenided. 
* ■ ■ 

American Opinion Against Mails, 

H*w YorU — A rnecnt survey b? 
the Amerieun Institute of Fablie 
Opinion, of wSiieh Dr. Georg* Gnllup 
ji directgr-, TCv^aled that ientiment 
in the United Sta'.cs apajfiss the Naais 
la rLsiitK and that an average of only 
one pcrdan in a hundred favored Ger- 
jtia.rt>" and Ttai? in th* event ol war. 
AntLTiciin public opinion believts that 
jf CSermany «jid I>aLy ahonLd aueet^J 
j"n ^clfrntinjr, Piftain. and France, the 
ucift 'aduH then be turned agahviE. tne 
UnStod Simtes. 

Ur^O C-D-U-nttr-Alli«k« in Dnfensa Of 
N*w Y«lc — A ■a-^rtiinp that ]t la 
tEnrse for aJI fnEthK to muki! a counlcr- 
ntfcatk atainit papiLttbm if Americajni 
denaoeifatic prin-EpLej nrv- to be pre- 
urved ha-s buen di"tributrd to Yonnf; 
Men's Chrs^ti»Ti ^.^pqiation branchea 
Jn six hundred c=tic-3- over the ais^na- 
turea ol *. I'mtcstant,, a Jow and a 
Calholie. Tki: -LRnfln, accordinj; to 
John E. Mahler, Rfencsral seeretary of 
ihe njiLiann] CouTicit of the T a M. C. 
A., v.en; Ur. Stanley Hljih, RahbL 

Janitt (;, Eitllor and Bernard J. Roth- 
iveLI. I3fr HipfSi declared that relig- 
SoBI freedom is under- attack En [he 
United Stales from both the eKU'eme 
Left and extreme Ripfht, and that <b ll 
la only an incidental matter as to 
which is at the moment m ascendancy. 
No one can fail to see that on^nn 
temper has taken hold Ln out enun- 
try." Rabbi Heller emprutfized that 
"there Is nothlnff tliat ejottf an n. ]>;nt 
of the maskable keHtu^ ol ghfirch 
or fynagoene wnith in not in. jggji- 
ardp, vMik Ls not snrfrcd nt ?ind east 
aadde. lj Mr. Rothyell wni ef the opin- 
ion that co&pcrntign w^x eMonttal be^ 
twetn id) fjiith* in presoTfina: demo- 
cratic idtfrJp. 

Warns 01 Kail Invasion In 
N*^ H»vtn — Dr. Da^d £rt"rDm 
ol Peru, Ln an addie** bti '■'The FeriU 
of a teLuliLarian. Invasion pi 3guLh 
Anttie*" at tke first intorcolloKiwte 
conference of Latin-American stu- 
dents, said that the deinoer&tLe forces 
■Vr-crii eoo^erdlbn^ nnd that the outlggh 
^■aij chcDiLmgtnir. Ho presented doeu- 
rnents tending to prove that represen- 
tatives, of apparently harmleft .Nazi 
and Fascist buisiTic^s houses were seek- 
ing the control of induftriea In order 
to dominate South American govern- 
ments. He gave an optimistic picture, 
however, of the quick and efteetlve 
response of student and liberal 
groups in cu-m bating the PnAebt 

Nazis Complete 

of Church 

Berlin — A renewal ol the N'aii 
aticmpt to M eg>DrTlinate M the last and 
nig.-;! jlbbbgm .-iiictLDns of tkc (reriiLan 
[■"^iT-liu^j Church was fon.'rliailow- 
ed here. Eleven ■"en-ordinated" dsg- 
notaries of the Chunch have .MiEnud. a 
new deolarntign of their an;ee_pt?iTaqe 
of the Katigp*l Soei^list po^ttipn oil 
religion UTid bave .siarttd a Imrge- 
aeale campaign ngain-it the "Jewish 
and political infliiances" which they 
claim atlll peraiit in German Protes- 
laniLsm. Followers of the pagan Ger' 
cnan philosophy have conaiftentSy 
urged the exduaSon of the Old Testa- 
ment Irani the German Bible because 
af Lb Jewish character. A declara- 
tion aiinaanced tint a special insti- 
tute ha.i been established ''for Sfe- 
seatch into and elimination of the^h infliLinci; En the religious life 
of the Geonan people." 

According to the KocniKshcTKer 
Allgemeine EeStung a total of 22 3 ZSZ 
persons emigrated from Germany in 
1&4S. The number of emigrants was 
M&fi |o? per cent) more than those 
in the preeediiijj year and Included 
AbHtt-Lah emigration from April, 
amounting te- l.u3i. EmLj^ratLons 
from (be aid Reich alone increased 
4? per cent. Of the totju", 16,5^fl, or 
75 per cent, of the emiB^P-" 15 Wert 
J&^, compared te 7,5 5 ft or &u per 
cent of the lt>37 total. From- Berlin 
■.::■■:>.■(; A.-^U or 3,^4 G were Jews, eonn- 
pared with 948 Jews of a 1.OTE tgtal 
in 1937. In Hamburs 1.(06 Jew^ 
emigrated, compared with 429 in 

New York — More than SOW'S 
Jew* axe in distress in Centra! Eu- 
rope a* th*= result of the spread of 
anti-Semitism durJnr recent months, 
it ws* reported by Rabbi Abba Hiltel 
Silver and Rabbi Jonah B. Wise^ Na- 
tional Chairmen of the United Jewish. 
Appeal for Refugees A^nA Omso&t 
N r eeds, who ealled for Immediate ::■ 
tion on the part of American Jewry 
to help aLlr.vialc the s.u.fTering and 
hentulessn^s gf t«n? gf thousands of 
nien r women pnii cbildtcn added to 
the rank; of the refuirees by the oc- 
cupation of Czecho-Slovakia* the seiz- 
ure of Memcl, cha adoption, of new 
anti-Jewish Legisilatlon in Hungary, 
and (he program ol expulsion Ln Italy 
against Jews who took up residence 
Ln that country after lfllfl, 

3SF far the most traffic cJemont 
amuns the Jews of Central Europe, 
the Leaders of the United Jewish Ap- 
peal pointed out, are the refugees 
from Germany whose path, of flight 
preceded the Eastward march of Nasi 
aggression, being driven first from 
Germany to AuatrLa, then to Csecho- 
Slovakia and now fntd:Jig all ivadi ol 
freedoin harved. Refugees in this 
calL'sorj' nnrbheL- abprootEinately a.QoO 
Ln Cx.'.:cho-SLavak.ia; nboot G,0(Ui in 
Italy- In a sinuhu- plight arg sgrop 
NjO-DD refugees from. Sudetenland, 
victims gf Eha nrst disniemborrnient of 

The adoption of an economic and 

SrofeasionaJ Humerus clausua against 
ews in Hungary threatens to under- 
mine the existence of the W '•'} .' ■■ ■ • 
niemhersi ol tlte Jewish CMmnunLty in 
that eountry. Rabbi Silver and Rabbi 
Wise said, explaining; that the restric- 
tion laoit May o£ Je-,vi:h participaL-iuH 
in DOinmeree and the professions to 
20 B4T eent was tantamount La th-r 
elimination or (iD/lQO from tKu- M'.*T>- 
jfu.ftainjnjf cIms, This jitbation m^y 
bc fcrigu.^ly aggravated Lf a new bill 
rcduciuE Jewish eeonemig activity to 
6 per cent becomes law, for it will 
mean the impoverishment of an ad- 
ititional S&iJjUOO Jews in Hungary. 

Reeenb •vents Ln Central Europe 
have, brought to 6,041 [3 r Q0<l the toLal 
number gf Jews in Central and Kiu-L- 
em EbTigpeaa eountrSti aHegted bj- 
A n;i -Semitic activities, the leader* 

T>escrLbLng the situation in the 
provinces of Bohemia, Moravia and 
Slovakia which were annexed ny the 
Third Reich, upon the destruction of 
the Czech. Republic,, the Jewish lead- 
eta stressed She fact that Prague had 
been the center i.-f a flourishing- Jew- 

i.ih coiuriLunlty uVet f-'ujic. the tenth 
eenluTj-'. H ln nonltast to their free- 
dom of the past the IQV.QOD Jews in 
pa-hernia and Moravia and tbr- aa.UPO 
in Slovakia are heiiiK rapidly imd 
ntthleaalj eliminated from all eco- 
nomic, communal and cultural activi- 
ties by the racial Nuremberg law* 
which, made exiles and outcasts of 
the Jewish community of Germany," 
the statement hy RanbL Silver and 
Rabbi Wise declared. In addition, 7tV 
400 Jews living ln S-ub-Carpathia 
have been Bncorporated in Hunjrai'y 
under a regime, which offers little 
hope for normal and brtnLel«»ted Life. 

The rfoaperate situation in Central 
Europe confronts the agencies coop- 
erating' in United Jewish Appeal for 
Refugees and Overseas Needs with 
many new tasks of relief, rescue and 
rehabilitation, the statement added. 
The Joint Distribution Committee Is 
also called upon to extend emifirration 
and retraining- old for these who will 

be fortunate enough to leave the nc-n- 
eountries of distress. At the taim- 
time, the United Palestine App^i 
must provide opportunities for immi- 
gration, and settlement in j'ale&tLn? 
for Jews who munt emigrate. 

Rabbi SUftOt and Rabbi Wise calLnj 
attention to the plight $1 some 1 6,i]uu 
foreign Jew in Italy ■;..■: m had he«p 
ordered to leave the country ;■■■■ 
ilnreb 13th jji^t lneiuded in thic 
aoniher wen; a]hpi;oK5iinjLtely 6 h 1l0p 
Jewish rofagces from Germany zi: 
Austria, Altheu&h. thouaands h^vc 
fled Italy since the expulsion order, 
the status of approximately 6,000 *hp 
still remain is most precarious. 

The seizure of Memel which had « 
Jewish population of about e,oau bm 
brought despair Lo that little cgnv 
mutnty whlta must new seek hgmM 

The United Jewidh Appeal for 
Refugees and Overseas JaeedSj wiB 
serve to provide relief, ^^ceonstru^ 
tlan and reaettlwuc nt activities COHV- 
nienaarate with the ungont nends eC 
the hg-ar. 

Ex.ljemist5 Demand Slfingenl finli- 
Jewish haws; Intradv ie Visit Hiiler 
Budap«ht — Expressing diM»lu=' 
fautLoo with tbe Government's pat- 
JewLih bill jlj ngt being suShci^ir.i;,- 
ejctrgme, the newly*rcor,gani?cd pro- 
Nojh airrgw-Cro5s Party introduced ■ 
severe presram lo exclude the Jo™ 
from Hungary's economic, politic*! 
and social life. The program call* 
foi - "Proclamation of the Jews as * 
separate racial entity \. prohibition or 
nused marriages and legal sanction 
against cohabitation between Jew* 
and non-Jewa H 3 ''Deprjval of Jem' 
political rights and service in tht 
army 1 ' 1 : ''Measures to eliminate Jowj- 
from Uie Hujagarian ttete of LaboL-" 
Parliamentary eleeiion? at the end gf 
April gave Lmpatus tg the issuance g- 
ULrLruclLons to the Ggvernlncr-! 
party's electrical ancnta to accept all 
a.i party membei"a irroapeetive ef for- 
mer pglttical affiliation with the ex- 
ception of Jews- 
Former Premier Bel* Imredy cJ 
Hungary has accepted an Suviutiaa 
to attend Hitter's, birthday celebra- 
tion ha Berlin on April 20. ImrcJyr 
author of Hungary's, drastic aeti- 
Jew-Lih bill, re^jgbed his l J niiuier#:ii: ; 
Cb Fiihruary loth lost whnj'. he Ltar.v 
od that he was of partly Jewish an- 
cestry. Ho had loarned that hu 
mother's grandf athor was a J ew. 

Fascists Recalling 
Jewish Army Officers 

Roma — Reliable sources revealed 
that many Jewish officers who hi"! 
been bit hy Italy'* raeial laws by ^i*" 
jnLisal from the army were being el- 
lowed to re-enllat. Those who rctuia- 
ed to their pg^ti included docto-rs, en- 
gineers and infantry o-dieera. En rt " 
cent wcefc:i, Jewsi whg had been calM 
up with tbeir rogimentfl, had W* 3 
aent back to their homoa ujion inspnc/ 
tion ol their idenliftealton eare> p*" 
this new move came as a cemolei* 
riurprixe. These who have been tf 
co]Hed were told that their Famlli^ 
would he accorded bettor treatment 
providing they Were rundy fcO vol^n- 
tecr in case of need, 

"Recent events in Central Europe have brought to 6,000,000 the total number of 
Jews in Central and Eastern European countries affected by anti-Semitic activities 

The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), April 14, 1939, page 4. 

No.143, April 1939 


The Jewish criterion 

April 14, 19M 

Local United Appeal Campaign Opens With 
Fifty Divisions Joining In Drive 

Community Impressed With Concrete Duty Toward Sufferers Abroad 

Mr*. M. H. PEibM- 

While the entire world awsfajd 
anxiously tli= ntrtt mtjvtA af the dSc- 
LiitvJf?; ahi-gin", l'i'.L-jhitrK-n Jcvra Look 
constructive steps In alleviate the «uf* 
fering and misery that has resulted 
from oppression of Jew.? abroad. 
Pitt*bUTpa'.« campaign lor the United 
Jewish Appeal for Refugee* and Over- 
atas Xecd.s began aha-pimr up with 
many of thr 4i virion.* beginning their 
active. cam-paiRm.' ApTil 12. 

The United Jewish Apnea! foi 
Refugees and Oversea* Needs ronre- 
sent* the QulininHtJgii of negOtSaLiatL-. 
that ha*e been under way for B**5f*J 
months In order to present to AmtT- 
:can Jawa lift I'D 4D a single fitstro 
ment tnT-nu^a which they can express 
their eongern with» the plight nf Jew* 
ry eversosa fry unpTeecdcnied end 
uerlfleial contributions of funds. The 

United Jewish Appi-at uuificj. thi- 
fund-raiiina; efforts of the Joint Dis- 
tribution Committee, the United Pah 
estlne Arpeal and the National Co- 
ordinatinfr Committee Fund wlLl en- 
able American Jewry to f*ee She ih> 
esenpnble challenge of 1939! to raise 
a minimum of $£O r GQf>,iHMf — the 
.trail! ef the Unitrd Jewish Appeal for 
Refugee and O^rseas Xeeda. 

The Fund campaign locally is nv 
Ennizcd into almost Fifty separate 
eampaiarns coverine every profession- 
al, Industrial organizational aad 
geographical aspect of Jewish liff 
hero, Each division is running its 
own camp^i^n *itbln the datefl of 
February 15 and May 15. Wholesale 
and Retail Clothiers* Insuranee and. 
Eeal Estate, Automobiles Druggists. 
Architects, Engineers, Jcwelem and 
Optician;! Were hncd at vara; this wc-nV 
on their T*Fpec?hre. ennipn,isns. aJ] of 
these campaigns are -under the gen- 
eral cba5rmanahlp of Alei Low-en- 
duil, chairman af the Men's ftivissgn. 

to do for the alleviation of the suf- 
fering of fellow Jews abroad, Aa 
Oliver M. Kaufraann, the general 
cLiLirmiVn of the Fund Campaign laid 

"As you piet up ygnr piper nneh 
evening and tune on your favorite 
nciv.-: commentator^, ad yuth read abotil 
and li-Lf-n to descriptions of the gg« 
ings an tn Europe tadny, yeU lit back 
in your chair and think 'how hor- 
rible,' If only there was something 
I might do. 1 This 1b your challenge, 
tn your band* tad: iy rfr»ta th e, deei- 
siqn whuther our |fl.0fl0,Qfll>1 fellow- 
countrymen will lire or die, he able 
once more to become sel f-sufBderLt la the eiviitxsittan af tJi*- 

■n-erlcl, ar nnjrely k*v# up and calL it 
quits, either- thronj^h suicidT ot- 
throuffh, reaignatlon/ 1 

"Thwuifh tJi-o (rtnerosty of. Ameri- 
cans, the United Jewish. Fund «v 
able to feed l.iaO.OOD persons- tint- 
ttat'w**! of MiTeh. Tm?nrine for a 
moment wJiat that fl.Bnrt> entalb — 

"Give Thai They May Live" 

Tfoux dallnm nm>- hrinj? the penee and security OUT brethren Jh 
di''iint Inni^K hair lieen vainly seehlnff 

Help them te turn darlca^u iit(4 Ll^r 

Support The United Jewish Appeal Campaign! 

M-ftTtU! Rhllls 

\l*mb*p, EnEcutive Coraivcllt^ 

Emanuel Spcctor is ebaiTnian of 
the wholesale elothins division, with 
thr fol Latins men as his sub-chair- 
men: -Clmrlc* I^evner h Men's Goodsi 
Curly Welf and J. W. GoEdbloom. 
Cloihinjr; Hvcy Sfrivesf and Leonard 
Amdur^ Ladies' Good*; 1. Ojeroft, 
JEanufaetuHngi and Harry QHttfry, 
]n^-.:Lllniflnt Merchants. Milton Frcort^ 
nwn hend.^ £hv RutaSL Clothinjr Di^i- 
■ton with the following men as his 
suknihaJrnien: Mas A&en, Lndlcs," 
Oppdsf JuJlliE- Kalpom and Jteyer 
Mtnsky, Novel tie at Rofcert ■ Comins, 
Ben Cohen nnd Lau.ii Shapiro, Shoe = j 
Ha^ry Caplan and !, A. ASriims, Jlun 1 ^ 


The Insurance and Real Estate 
Campaign \a being ehalmianned by 
E<jh*t l>win. the Arehitoetft ^d En- 
jjineera by Nathan Jaeubs, both dlvi- 
dona under the general chairmansliip 
af E. IS. Striijdibiir^er-, chalmian of 
th« Pfcif PAsiannl Cauncll | Emanuel 
Crafnflr te chmTmsLn of th? Jewel it.<. 
Ralph Gsrodstein of t3ie Opticians, un- 
der- the general chairmanship of Jehn 
H. Cohen h chairman of the Trado 

F.nfh i>f th*s arganiuiticin mectinffs 
of these di^u&ions stressed the fact 
that now Pittsburgh Jewa had some- 
thing concrete, vllal and cviwtmr.twr 


I. D. Watf 

mm, PuLilLuiiy piviiien 

twice- the pejiutabiqn gf Pittsburgh if 
dependent en yau, thovsanda of mile* 
awaj^ for their verj' esdslenee, And. 
thai figure of a million person* la 
only one-sixth of thode who are in 
distress feoday." 

|"aiore than u miltj^nl refu^ec^. 
ntanrinsr, tortured, fear-dated, have 
been dta&gud; from their homos, sep- 
arated frigm their famL jiea h eapelied 
from thoir countriej!, |Five VaiHjpn 
■ i^yt-,1 await with terror the moment 
thi? mlaery will strike them aa It 
Jitraclt the 2v,*O0 hounded eve*- thi- 
G-erman-Poltah border last years the 
tlieu^ands more .n ImTy, CKeeho-Sle- 
I'ukia and now Jfemeh llS,00fj of 
them have died. ■621^00 Ijtc ai ou[- 
caritSj their future unetrtain and in 
their mind;? a questlah about their 
future th»t only you in PJUsbuneh 
san anAwer," 

r< TcJl the niember" of th« Fjtt*- 
buiT-h Jewish Oommunity, when you 
so among them, that their Jut? i.c 
rleai-! Their duty la the hunsrry. nelih. 
lean children. Children who enn hr 
fed r clothed:, schaaM wiUi the dol- 
lair; they jrive, Their duty tfl the out- 
cast women, Women who can End 
shelter, protection thhjyjjh their etit. 
Their duty to the men who may hr- 
come J*]f-SUpjHrtjnE be*attM Of ttieir 

generosity. Don't barg«£n with, hu- 
man misery. This In the time to cV 
nMre than, contribfcite — to sacrifice-' 
We are asking- *\-cr>- mnn, w^mar 
:'.:ul ,-hild hero in the safetj' of Pitt*- 
burarh to do his part, to deny hmiP 1 !' 
aome luaury each weet, Remembn 
twenly.ik'c cents ft week will tun*- 
pott n inalher and child from S'r:i"ii' 
ta Palestine :n:i3 tiuiihtnln them l! « r- 
for ane diay, fiive tna.". thtse felLo-^ 
Jew.1 gf gnrj may ■life,'' 1 

,J ThEs unified campaljpi will bo ihle 
tn meet a wide desire that- the fnnd c 
p;Lven by Americini JniYT-y shill b+ 
available for flexible distritnitieii ^ 
accordBTicc with ehanjjin?: needs dur- 
ing the year. We are fully con.*-eiou!- 
af the solemn re^poTwibiltty that w:. 
the exeentlve committee of (h> year 1 ? 
fund campaign, have taken upan oO-t- 
selves. We dare not fsil — for thf 
jtnhe of onrselves in American ann, 
even Hiare, for the sake of oar pea 1 
pie in the lands of distress." 

Sid Wlkoff 

Chii-nnaTJ, Prwdec* D-iwiii** 

"... whether our 6,000,000 fellow countrymen will live or die ...More than a 
million refugees, starving, tortured, fear-dazed, have been dragged from their 
homes, separated from their families, expelled from their countries. Five million 
more, await with horror the moment this misery will strike them ..." 

The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), April 14, 1939, page 6. 

No. 144, April 1939 


Six million Jew 

| BehiE n homogeneous 
minority race, ihdr nrtfsence infuriates the 
nationalistic ire of the dictators fit control, 
and rs a consequence they a^ Hbeiletb be- 
smirched hounded and massacred. Their 
pers&nid property is confiscated; their wives 
im'd daughters arc violated, and Ihoir places 
of worship are torn down, burned and blas- 

Not All this oppression U the result of 
fanatical terrorists. It in jre tie rally conceded 
that the ovfti-ciowded condition in Europe is 
on* of the fundamental rea&nns lor the pres- 
ent turmoil. If, therefore, the Jews are the 
ones to eo, and £o they or die, where 
shall be their destination? 

The answer is Palestine* Immediately, 
Christian tnd Jew alike throw up their hands 
and exclaim, "What that wasted desert? 
Why they would starve in such an Inhospit- 
able region." 

Such I* not the case. First, t rom a purely 
racial viewpoint it is only logical that the 
Jew* should have control of the land of their 
ancestor*. Theirs is a rich historical heri- 
tage. But regardless of that there are four 
good reasons why the Jewish refugee should 
look toward the Near Ehb1 + 

First because in the last JO years the 
Jews have poured into the la ml $500,000,000 
and 5 00,000 men, and ha^e with their money, 
thftii* iweat and their btoori h changed Pale- 
stine from a barren backward land to a fer- 
tiJe country, vying with the most progressive 
centers of modern civilization. 

Second, the development of Palestine has 
opened up widened economic frontiers for the 
whole Near East. 

Third, because Palestine is the most read- 
ily accessible, easily reached country oj>on 
for refugee colonisation. 

Fourth, because &2 nations recognize the 
historic claim of the Jewish people to Pale- 
stine ajid solemnly affirmed the rig-hi of the 
Jew to settle there. These poinu were clearly 
pointed out after an intensive survey made 
by the Christian Friend,-* of PziitsUn*, in 
Washington, IX C. 

The idea. 1=* not new. The Jewish poo pin 
havfl been developing Palatine for many 
years, and what they have achieved in the 
land of their ancestors borders on the mirac- 
ulous. Their success could not have been 
duplicated by any other pcupte in that par- 
ticular Sand, for the problem rnlled forth nU 
the Is tent qualities of race, driven by hard 
necessity, find most important of all, they 
were home again, home in the land of ihoir 
ancestors— Abraham, David ami Is;tiith. 

What have they done? It makes an im- 
posing list. They have built ™e 21ft fijrri- 
cultural settlements in previous micLillivnbte 

areas, made possible by draining and irris-ii- 
tion of otherwise waste hinds stud malarinl 
swamps These hinds were srulcrt Ijv lia,- 
0O0 people. In addition, there luis been a 
marked urban development. They built a 
modern city on th* sandy chores oHhe Medi- 
terranean ?on, called To! Aviv, an elIUJcivimIi 
city of. 1&Q,000 pei-smi*. 

Haifa has become An important center of 
shippinp and cummcivUtl eiiUrprfep/* Xloris 
than 200 primary schools have been estab- 
lished in country (list rim, They have built 
the Hebrew University of Jerusalem- Ma- 
laria has been stamper! miL mni eye disease 
eradicated. A treat modioli con tor has bc<m 
erected. Hospitals mid Child Health f>nters t 
and dimes have been established, with pro- 
visions for nurses and midwivrs, Hus ^nd 
motor tra/fic has bom increased ami tacilU 
tated by ihc building of nvMlfm mads. Jeru- 
salem hap been equip^d with a nmv water 
supply system. The railroad j=v?tem has l^en 
organized . 

Tel Aviv has a h:iiW .^nth in- 
structed, that tt may well bc« proud of nnd 
electricity is po*siW* thriwph iho conArnc- 
tion af a larjre planl, Thr* IWi Sna ha* he- 
come alive in ihe err Hit rnlumu? iif tlir* c*ti* 
normc ledger by ihc est rati ion nf minmiU 
from the water, The Jordan, lamed Biblical 
river, rotls on to the hum of ilyn-Lmo* fts ihe 
river has been harnessed to yield power 

■*,? ^^S* 1 T r ihr:i|,v h ™ } > c ™ biKtituUHl, 
with 400,000 vohimn^ 011 the *hHvo>« Tho 
arid surface of mnw soction^ nf PaleiniHe are 
being chunjred, as millions of netv indige- 
nous fo tho country, havft leen ^latue'd. ( T re;a 
theatres ar<? hein? rievebned, and an in;er- 
nationally famous orchestra has b*en p^i-ib 

Can the Jews make a living in Pale^i^r' 
They can, for statistics show thru ihnv h^s 
been a trernendotu jrrowth in citrus prttduc- 
tion and inriuFtriat cnlci-pri^p. In the period 
of 1029 and 1H30 the vali;e nforarwP. lem'rvtu 
and grapefruit exported by Jnw.^ uere Si - 
500 t 000, In j<)M and 3Jtt7 the ev^^rts hart 
jumped to ? 10,500,000. In th R same period 
the production of Jewish industrial enlet- 
pme rose from 512^00.000 to ?-ift,50ti."oon, 

T'l5.^f ir . Kast ' s ™t crowded. The 
Jewish initiative cottld convert the un\^^l 
stretches into the most productive territory 
in th» AreA- There is ample 1 onm to expand 
Md itnj not interfere with the Arab*. There 
w.Tjym lor all the persecuted Jew?: in the 
™ to settle there and still live, a prosper* 
oua life in their ancestral country, la t com- 
posite Jewish slate. 

The very preservan^p of Hebrew homo- 
( Jews the world over, which has 
kept racial line* intact , has given the Jews 
the possibility of creating a powerful Jewfsh 
stflte in Pftlettipe. All of the JewUh accom- 
plishments have* henn to the advanUge of 
the Arabn who share the country with the 
progressive Hebrews. There is 9D p«r cent. 
of the KUrrouiiOlritf territory open for the 
^amci kind of development. In this day and 
ipe of Jewish persecution, the Jew, search- 
ing for a thance to live out his existence un- 
hnmrwred and unmolested, has one answer, 

"Six million Jews are the stepchildren of fate in Europe today." 

Chester Times (PA), April 20th, 1939, page 6. 

No.145, April 1939 

April 21, 1939 

The Jewish Criterion 


1200 Men and Women at Work on Fund Drive 

Youth Division Opens Campaign with Huge Rally 


Morton Dorf*n 
CKtirmtn, Gad graphic*] Div. 

Today the democratic nations of 
(he world awaited the answers: of Hit- 
Wr and Mu»eiLni to Provident Roose- 
velt's momentous bid lor peace. Act- 
tat only u an Intermediary and not 
t mediator, the President of the 
United States asked the dictators to 
M l*y their cuds on the table 1 ' and 
p!<dge peace to the world" for at 
W ten star*?. But meanwhile the 
plight of the Jew* in Europe became 
ntn more tense* and conditions be- 
came aggravated almost to the breafc- 
hg point a* at press time it aoemed 
eertain that Hitler would add the 
&* City Of D»nri K to the po*sw- 

ftoM of the German R«5eh- 

Pittsburgh Jew*, more fully a ware 
wil better informed about the inter 
national situation than aver before 
^Htd to the support of the United 
Jewkh. Appeal for Refugee* and 
0«r*«a Need* in order to alleviate 
In "me measure th* d!stre&* and i&f- 
fering of 6,«oft,090 Jew* in Europe. 
120D PiUaiarjrh men and women 
*ne at work In the enormou* task 
allotted them of obtaining 32,0001 
foiitnbutora to this year** campaign. 
Under Oliver H + Kaufmann, general 
tbabmu, many of the divisions have 
"ready completed their campaign* 
**i other* were making final plans to 
*«nplete their work between now and 
^y lo, the downy date of Ihe 


Seven hundred PJltabmrKh youth* 
{^-packed the auditorium of the 
Y - *T. and W. E. A, on Monday to 
efflcia% ope n the Youth Division 
Campaign of the United Jewish Fund 
ff" ^nder ^ co-chafrmanship 
« Miriam stone and Herman Pere- 
"■flf young people from secondary 
•™*li and college* assembled to hear 


Herman Foreman 
Co- Chairman, Youth Di*. 

Mr, High Salpeter, campaign direc- 
tor, tell of the purpose.* and reason* 
for the United Jewish Fund Appeal. 
He explained to them bow this one 
campaign was absorbing the fund' 
raising effort* of the Joint Distribu- 
tion Committee, the United Palestine 
Appeal and the National Coordinating 
Committee. And how shew organisa- 
tions provide for refugee adjustment, 
emigration to Palestine, settlement in 
Palestine, occupational training* inci- 
ter, food and clothing, transporta- 
tion, hospitals^ educational institu- 
tions and other vital service*. 

The« young people listened intent- 
ly to Mr. Salpcicr'* talk. They 
watch rd the March of Time film on 
"Refugee*'' which depict so poign- 
antly the seriousness ef the Jewish 
situation and the needs of the United 
Jewish Fund Appeal. Then each of 
the TOO assembled young people 
pledged a coritribntton of 25c a week, 
each week during the coming year, 
Mr, Salpeter satd of this meeting. 
"Thia meeting was on* of the most 
soul-stirring 1 have ever attended. 
Here wore 700 youngsters, mostly 
under twenty-one years of age. pledg- 
ing a contribution that would be 
worthy of an adult Here, voluntar- 
ily thotc folki« agreed to deprive 
themselves of some luxury each week 
for the coming year in order to do 
their part En aiding th.< stricken 
Jew* abroad. 1 wbh adult member 
of the Jewish community could have 
been there. The enthusiasm of these 
youngrtett w »* contagious, their gen- 

erosity was overwhelming I feet 
that this meeting was indicative of 
the thought and deliberation people 
are giving the foreiiru situation te> 
day. Each of their contributors will 
transport a mother and child from 
Prague to Palestine and maintain 
them there for one day. These people 
have carried out the keynote of th* 
campaign* 'Give, that they mEjrht 

As each of the major division* 
made final plans for its campaign, 13m 
Geographical Division was organis- 
ing to begin its work in the drive. 
After all the other major division*. 
including the professional. Industrial, 
trade, women's and youth groups have 
completed their drives, the Geogra- 
phical Group will begin a systematic 
contacting of every man and mnn 
in the Pittsburgh Community who ha* 
not been reached through any other 

Under the general chairmanship of 
Morton Dorian, worker* in this group 

Allen H. Bcrkman, Major; David 
Pus*, Captain; Sam Goldstein. Cap- 
tain; Leonard U Kimball, Captain; 
Preston Kline, Captain; Herman Alt- 
man, Worker; Mr Kin Chaff, Work- 
er; I'eler Cooper, Worker; Lee F, 
Joseph, Worker; Henry Muslin h 
Workers Aaron Oliver* Worker; 
David Marki. Captain ; Max aleltser, 
Captain; Bernard Rosenson, Captain; 
Arnold Wilner, Captain; Lawrence 
Barnelt, Worker; Robert Domes* k, 
Worker; Karl Fried, Workers H. R. 



6,000,000 IN EUROPE 

Mi»i MirUm Slon* 
Co-Chairman, Youth Div. 

Schmidt, Worker; Ben Stembrrjr, 
Worker; Sol Weinberg, Worker: Max 
B. FrLdtmrn, Major; George Davidson, 
Captain; Moo* On wind, Worker; M. 
T; Steinberg, Worker; Ben Wold, 
Worker: P. rViodnian, Captain; Dave 
Kohn, Worker j Sigo Levi to, Worker: 
Ted Lcvit*. Worker; Joseph b. Mon- 
de), Worker- Saul Market, Worker; 
Morris llirschueld, Captain; William 
X. Price, Captain; Simon J, Kan. 
Worker; Ben MarkoJf, Worker; Mau- 
rice Rosenberg, Worker; Mile* 
Schwartz, Worker; Dr. Benj. F. Stein- 
berg, Captain; E. LtunpU Major; 
Ivans AdeU, Captain; Hy Bnrckin, 
CaptaJn: Jerry Goppnuui* Captain; 
Ruby Klein, Captain; lir. M, Levitt, 
Captain; S. Pascal, Captain; Dave 
Prate*, Cnpt-nin; Ben Stewart; Abe 
Turk, Captain; Nat Turk, Captain; 
31. Unikel, Cnptain; William Whit- 
man, Captain. 

SI. Seidnin:i. Major ; S. J. Amdm . 
Captain; Nathan Fejn.itein. Captain; 
Joseph Friedman, Captain; Chav F, 
Kramer* Captain; J. M, Liehter, Cap- 
tain; Alfred Xathsn, Captain; B. U 
Schwartz, Csptaln; R, Silverman, 
Captain; Harry B. $teln. Captain; 
Ben Stein, Major; Abe Cohen. Cap- 
batn; D. Escoviti, Captain; E. 5. 
Rogad> Captain; Ben Stein, Major; 
Benj. J, Rosenberg; Wm c H, Sklrble. 
Major; Murrny Klein, Captain; Cha*. 
M^ Schwarts h Jr.; Aaron Levinson, 
Captain; Ralph Raphael, Captain; Ira 
OlbuiH, Captain; Benjamin Wanotlck; 
Hnny Kodlnsky^ Captain; B. M. 
Krameit Captain; David MervU. Cap- 
tain; Edwin Harris, Captain; Eugene 
Cohen, Captain; Dr. H. W. Golomb, 

"... the distress and suffering of 6,000,000 Jews in Europe. .. 


The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), April 21, 1939, page 15. 

No.146, April 1939 

Ajrit 2S r 19SB 

Thb Jewish Criterion 


Workers Report Progress As U. J, A. Drive Goes Forward 

V/omens Division Plans Dessert Bridges 

With but thro* wwlu remalnlnK 
aftlil the conclusion of the 1939 
Cuited Jewish Fund Appeal Tor flefu- 
ftti and Oversea* Needi on .May 15. 
all division* were hard *t work to 
r*»ch tie ROal *' 12*000 eonlrihu- 
lor* j*t by Campaign eKceutive*. 

The jcrap Iron, produce, ikp.irt- 
meat jstore, physicians' and dentin' 

Co-Ch*>rman, Clothing Div. 
divUJenj have already completed their 
campaign* and aceomtmfe; to Oliver 
M, Kaufmann, general chairman of 
the drive, reported iGO'je contributor* 
«f tho#e contacted. Head? of these 

aUcces^ful divLrloiu wre, Abe Cohen, 
scrap iron: Sydney WilcoET, produce: 
Herbert ilcymiin. department 4lorci 
Dr. ELI* Baer. phy^ickits*". and Dr. 
Leo ScbonAeld, dentists'. 

SogpFinins work thw week w« the 
accountant^ division under the chair' 
maiuhip of Laurence Jacobs This 
campaign opened lajt ni^ht with a 
dinner at, the Concordia Club, The 
Xejjrbborhood Council, under the 
chairmanship of Sol Black* wad pr^ 
paring 1 to contact all Jewi*h men and 
women in the outlying district* of 
PJtUburgh who had not bean con- 
tacted by any of the: other diviiion-i 
of the drive. Chairmen of ihii jrroujj 
are: Dr. A. JL Uhlan* South Side: 
Ben Cohen, Wilis Lnsburg; Hcniy E. 
Weil. South Hi IN; Max D. llaleam, 
Haselwood; Hurry I. NVajnan, Home 
wood; Jacob Siegfried and Rote 
Krupp, North Side; Mrs. Ruby Hal- 
f«n; and Urt, A, iL Simon, XJanche* 
tar: H. II C*plan p Etna. Shareiburtf 
and Millvale; and Mr*. Ida alinnky 
and J, SiegeL Beech vie w< Dormant 
aiid Mount Lebanon. 

One of ths most ■ uiu t iftd of ajl 
division* haa beeh the clothing divt- 
sLion under the co-chaJrmen*hip of 
JEinmamicl Specter and Juliui HaJ- 
pern. With a goal of 700 contribu- 
tor*. 700 pjitdgei were reported to 
the executive committer by the chair- 
men, Workers in this division were: 
Leonard Amdur and Hurry Seiner, 
nrtialunt co-chairmen, Harry Aaron*. 
Prof cm or I. A brants, Morris AJlon. 
Jlax Aien„ H&k Balaam, S. Blhnan, 
Charles Bri*kan h H, M, Caplan+ 0. 
Clair* Robert Cdmlna-r L Dinovlts, 
Harry EUenfleld. Milton Freedman, 

J. W. Goldbloom, Alorry Goldman. 
Low Gordon, Herman Halpern, Dr. 
I»hlon» B. Kaplan, J>r- Lichtenileln, 
0<car Leeb, Cbirlei Loevncr, U. 
Mann. I* K, Mkbaeb + Hairy N?u- 
mart, Harry OliteVy. I. Oseroff, Jul 
iu* tiadbord, M, Roten^on, Dr. Rob- 
inson, Sam Schcchter* Louis Shapiro, 
A. Werner, af. Wolf. Curly Walk, 
Robert Wornuev, Ho« Lewer, Fwnnie 
Be rim, Ethel Biumer, Sauf Case, 
Kellc Fianhvl, Ittaathfc Glic^cnalu 
SeEma (kitdstein, J-e.xnneite Hermfln, 
Mary KaU, Gertrude htvy t Anne 
Slorri*. Esther Rwenson, Sarah Sig- 
man, Sarah Silver. Ida Smith, 

With Eddie Cantor as a head Liner, 
member* of the Women'* DtvUton 
were buey this week completing 
plan* for their deuert brktjjM which 
will mkr place on Wednesday, Maji- 
1. at 1 tfKJ o'eloetL Every Jewish wom- 
an in Pittpbur^h, and there are be- 
tween e T QO» and 7.000, will be in- 
vited to one of 300 afraira on that 
day, in the heme? of workers of the 
United Jewish campaign. Dauert 
will be #arved and then the women 
will tune Into a aptcial broadcast at 
which time Eddie Cantor, renowned 
comedian will broadcast a special 
fund rnc.vv&jrc from rlollj-wood, OUvtv 
M. Kaufmann Wilt broadc«t«|«o from 
PitLHhurRh. Head^ of the Women's 
Division who are rcsponfiole for lin- 
ing up and organ [ling ihn^e 300 
bridRcj *re: air*. John C»hc?n, Mn. 
ICyrtle FS*her t M«, Fannie Friedman, 
Mr.*, Edjmr llirfh, Mrs. Karl J. Kauf- 
man n nnri Mnu Maurice Lyon. These 
bridges %viai mnrlc the formal openinsT 
of the Women"« Division of the Cani- 

In A talk to leader*? of the wom- 

en's Division, Mr. Kaufman n aaJd: 
"We hope and feel that when you go 
aOUM&t the women mentbrrs P 
Jewish Communtty you will be ac- 
cord nJ the same courteous and ^fflft* 
erosity thai Has marked the profe.T- 
jional and indui trial drive*. You will 
find that the people you contact arc 
surprisingly wfII- in formed about the 
situation as it exists today In Eu- 
rope. They know that the United 
Jewish Fund is a unified fund<ralslnjr 
body that include* the Joint Rtstribu- 
I tan Committee, the United Talftstine 
Appeal and the National Coordinat- 
ing Committee; that through this one 
drive ire hope to raise enough money 
to care for the G.QQO«00® fello 
who are in distress, today. 1'eople 
who are in safely usually have diffi- 
culty symnathiEini; with those who 
are in diflkulty. Hut the peril of the 
European Jew has aroused the sym- 
pathy of every fair-minded person, 
Jew or Genii U. We have all watch- 
ed together the *prej|jd of anti-Stoinfrk 
measures from Germany to Austria 
to Cxc^hoslovakin, to MvmeV to Italy. 
We have seen a ^eat people robbed 
of their heritage to freedom, happi- 
ne« and the rijrht to earn a living 
and live their Sives aj tlivy 
Although we ire hcl picas to repeal 
these decrees we can at leas* make 
the life- of the Jew tolerable once 
more by finding him a place to lire* 
the means with which to start Hf* 
over again, *h alter, food and cloth- 
injr for hU children, There are the 
alma we have sol for the United Jew- 
Bka Fund Appeal. Vou are our emis- 
saries and must r-iako these aims bear 
fruit in the JewEsh Community of 

\^kW \ 



Mfr$r - 


Tht New Cocktail Lounge . 


Introducing our new t&tktml lottnfft fo iht readeri 

o/ the Jewish Criterion* When in ButUr 

vitit tht Hotel Nixon 

THE HOTEL NIXOK Butler, Pa. Phone 2763 


QjN Saturday, April 29th, 1 atn opening a Millinery Shop at Oiwcr 
Avenue near Weed Street where I intend to fejeture ihe lole$t 
Millinery Creation! et pficet ranging from iKra* lo fifteen dellork 

In am oagcr to hove you visit my Shop and %ae the becoming 
haH that con be; found a I the?e pticei, when telecred i&t dltcrimin- 
sling women. 

You wiH doubtless tecoll having been served by me during my 
former downtown business connecttom. 

May I eapeet you ot my new Shop ihe day of the opening? 


Either [Goodman] Protai 

"... 6,000,000 fellow Jews who are in distress today." 

The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), April 28, 1939, page 3. 

No. 147, May 1939 


|jewi Are Refugees, 
Memban of B'nai Brith 
Lodges Told. 

Three-eighths of the world* Jew. 
Ish population of l6.tfJ0.OQ0 persons 
or approximately | | petsona, 

are potential rftugrt*, Rabbi Eph- 
rauii FischoJf, of iihaca. member of 
the Cornell uiilveisiiy faculty, in* 
formed the 350 men and women at- 
leiitimir the joint uis'iAllauon cere* 
monies of Niagarti Falls B nal B'rtth 
lodge, the Lord Mrlehtu B'na) 
B nth lodge, or Hi Catharines. One . 
and the lad tea auxiliary ol Lord 
Melchett !odae< held al Che Hotel 
Niagara last rught The ceremony 
marked the f&rMllrtteln B'nal B'rlth 
history l hat ol fleers of ft Canadian 
lodge of i he order were installed on 
United State* &oil. 

Bpettking on the object "Jewish 
Survival in This Age of Chaos." 
Rabbi Fischoff declared that the ■ 
■■■ Jtws or Christians of Jewish 
extraction are In real or imminent 
danger due tu the Spread of total!- 
tttrUmiMii in the world 

Rev lean eg reccrt history, ijartlcu- 
UtW that tif Eumpe. Rabbi Flschoff 
declared Shut t^ioae Jew* and 
Chrtalifl!i.< in areas where demo- 
cracy suL! reigns, if they have thf 
Insitht to set- ie, have several im- 
perative, religiously based, clearly 
defined durifs a* human beings." 

aummariang. he listed these du- 
tiaa as follows: 

First, the giving of asabtAnc* to 
refugees now touitng more than a 

million Jew a, more than 2 P OW3*POO 
Jewish Christians and an equal 
number of Christiana without a 
trace of Jewish blood. 

Second, the granting of support 
to the existing Jewish Ideailauc 
experiment In Palestine, a signal 
ex ample of peaceful transformation 
of a people J 

Third, the Joining together of 
Christian and Jeiv' in defea*a ol 
American democratic traditions, 

Rabbi Fhchof f described the chJct 
function of Bnal Brtth is that af 
discounting th& flood sf antl-semu 
Uc propaganda through ltd Anll- 
Defam&tksn league, which W o as- 
signed to expose the falsehoods In 
the libels spread against member* 
of the Jewish race. He also said 
that a function of the organisation 
should be to estabSish Kiliel faun* 
datJons In the largest American and 
Canadian colleges and universities 
to provide religious centers for stu- 
dents Of Jew/teh faith, 

David Ruslander, prominent Buf- 
falo attorney who was recently ap- 
pointed r.s a member of the Board 
of Education cif that city and n. for- 
mer president of tfofl Buffalo dis- 
trict of B'nai B Nth organisation 
served as Installing officer during 
tha ceremonies for the thr**e )[>d**s. 
Installed as officers of the Kiag- 
ara pa Ik lodge were: David Mann, 
president; Marvin r. King, vice- 
president; Lawrence Davis, monitor; 
Edward M, Levy, ueasurer, Ben Ex- 
kr, financial eecrelarj : Harry A 
Bassuk. warden: Jacob Goldstein. 
aa&iS$frnt monitor; Unit* Yaaeen, 
Samuel C. WiKbaum and Sam Carl T 
ini»t*»*v Kiid K. My man Wisbaum, 
record ms secretary. New officer* 
of Hit L*>rd Mffkhiu lodge were: 
Jtihn Enter), pi-*»tdeiu; Saul Good- 
nmn. tier- prudent'. HlFhard Dftor. 
tre*.*urer. and Edward QffUtln. 
monitor The officers of the ladle* 
auxiliary of the 3t Catharines* 
lodge were Mrs. isaul Goodman, 
president: Mrs P Harold Roaberg 
vice -president 

Are Refugees, Members of B'nai B'rith Lodges Told. Three-eighths of the world's 
Jewish population of 16,000,000 persons, or approximately 6,000,000 persons, are 
potential refugees. ... Rabbis Fischoff declared that the 6,000,000 Jews or 
Christians of Jewish extraction are in real of imminent danger due to the spread of 
totalitarianism in the world." 

The Niagara Fails Gazette (NY), May 1 , 1939, page 15. 

No. 148, May 1939 


Where Shall They Go? 

Conge*tion of population provides an e*cuse 
for aggression and expansion. It Is generally 
conceded that Europe 1* In a turmoil because 
Europe Is over-crowded. 

in this ever-crowded Europe, 
are Ming libelled, besmirched, hounded, spoiled, 
tormented, massacred. Their wifet and 
daughters violated, their synagogues lacked, 
their books burned, their holy scroll*— the tab- 
lets of the law— defiled, Their Ood— our Qod— 
the Ood of Christendom blasphemed. These 
jews and their ancestors have lived in Europe 
for more than 2000 years, but now they must go 
as if they were aliens* pariahs, nomads. It if 
bootless to speak of Justice, or to plead for 

Millions of Jews must emigrate* Where ehaH 
they go? They and their friends a** 

Varioua territories hare been suggested aa 
possible centers of colonization. An empty 
Hear Bast, and especially Palestine as an actual 
center for Jewiah colonisation la the best an- 
swer to where they shall go, says an organisa- 
tion called Christian mends of Palestine, which 
has its headquarters la Washington. 

In the last 40 yean the Jews have poured into 
the land $500,000,000 and 500,000 men, and haw 
with their money, their sweat and their Wood 
changed Palestine from a barren backward land 
to a fertile country* Tying with the most pro* 
gresaiv© centers of modern civilization. 

The development of Palestine haa opened up 
widened economic frontiers for the whole Near 
Bast Palestine Is the moat readily accessible 
easily reached country open for refugee colon- 
ization. Palestine historically has been the 
home of the Jewish people from the Bible times 
unto this day. Fifty-two nations recognised 
this historic claim or me Jewiah people to 
Palestine and solemnly affirmed the right of the 
Jews to settle there. 

The accomplishment} of the Jewa in Palestine 
have been to the advantage of the Arab. He 
has increased in Palestine mftre than in any 
Moslem country In the world. His birth rate In 
Palestine Is the highest and his death rate the 

"In the light of these facts, when the Jews 
persecuted and harassed, driven without mercy 
from his home, helpless, penniless, cries out to 
have a chance to live, the answer Is Palestine/' 
says the Christian Friends of Palestine, 

"In this over-crowded Europe, 6,000,000 Jews are being libelled, besmirched, 
hounded, spoiled, tormented, massacred. Their wives and daughters violated, 
their synagogues sacked, their books burned, their holy scrolls-the tablets of the 

Lockport Union-Sun & Journal, May 2, 1939, page 6. 

No. 149, May 1939 

May 5, lfl3fl 

TBI Jewish Ciituiom 


Eddie Cantor, O. M. Kaufmann To Broadcast 

Campaign Appeals 

Drive Forces Combine To Meet Growing Emergency 

Sut HUck* Chairman 

N"ri :1iharho«I Council 

oW PttlMburgh women who irLLI 
•err* u hostesses At the dauert 
bridges Wednesday, May 14. gather- 
ed la the Y. M, and W r H. A. Audi 
torlm Wednuday la receive their 
iastruotieni from Oliver M, Kauf- 
mann, general chairman of thts year's 
b'ntled Jewish Fund" Appeal f or Refu- 
gee* and Overseas Needs. Mere than 
MOO Jewish women of Pittsburgh 
have been invited to go to one of 
mare than Sou homed for the inaugu- 
ratio* of the Campaign of the Wo- 
ntn*s DfrftSon of the Fund ftriw. At 
than attain* Eddie Cantor, renown- 
ed actor will broadcast a fund *p* 
peal l* the women direct from Holly- 
wood. Oliver M. K&ufmann will 
broadcast the focal new* of the cam- 
paign from Pittsburgh, This b the 
largest attempt that has even been 
i^de to gather together women that 
*r# interested in a single cause. 

Meanwhile the campaign kept mov- 
'■-£ at Ere*t pace with many of the 
division* already reporting, and nil 
demons planning to report by liar 
IS, the date set for the close of the 
*™**ipi- Pittsburgh ww *:ill be- 
hind other Jewish Communiti- . 
lee executive committee of the drive 
(,, ]t confident thu week by the re- 
ports already submitted thai Pitt*- 
fr«gk would not only meet the 
amount railed by other communhie* 
hat would nirpau Pittsburgh^ goal 
* il * flying colore The $,»« 
Kuro|K<an Jowi that are looking to 
America for mjecor pnd hop<> ami 
frith are reason cn&ugti for every 
■m*h, woman and thlld to do hi* or 
her part to put tiiLt year** drive over 
the top, 

Meanwhile the situation in Europe 

koeemej daily more acute. The tfartftt 

*' war becomes mere Imminent, and 

toe danger faces m of having mil- 

■on added (o the million* of 

persons that are now dependent on 
the. generosity of American Jaw*. All 
the men"* divisions In the Drive. iro> 
der the chairmanship of Alex Lewan- 
thai were to make their report* to- 
day. Three new divisions that have 
been added to this division are Beauty 
Parlors, under the chairmanship of 
Jerome EdIIsj He*taarant Service un- 
der Reuben ScholnicV; nn4 the CWr* 
opodist*' Division under Abo Hirnh- 
tield. Meanwhile the Youth EHvitien 
headed by a council composed of Her- 
man Foreman and Miriam Stone, co- 
chairman, Freda Lewin, secretary 
and Clarence Cordon* treajutxnr, wart 
rounding up their campaigns and 
were planning to submit coniplfeta re- 
port* on May IB. The clothing divi- 
sion under the chairmanship of Em- 
anuel Spatter and Julius llulptrn, ap- 
chairman. ^ubmilt*>d their report th i> 
week, jiTiil wen*, way over the gojtl 

our efTorLip supplemented by the *f- 
ffi+rta of almljnrly minded groapf in 
other dtiej throughout America, will 
determine how much food and medi- 
cine will be made available to the 
rtarving victim* of pogronu^ how 
many ; hatterird existence* wo can %olI- 
vftge„ how many persecuted aouU M 
can re-scut, how many Jewish refu- 
gcei We can help immigrate and -■'-■ 
tk- in Palestine, 

"One oi the most inspiring thln^ 
about our task is the knowledge that 
there it a new imd greater unity 
among; the Jewish people a determin- 
ation to forge, a dingle instrument of 
die three agencies whoa- emcioncy. 
oxperieaco ond competence in the con- 
duct of the many ramification* if 
ovefHeas and nfugeo work nnd in 
* cttta mem in Psleatlne will at leant 
help to break down the walb of pri- 
vations arid dangerou* defeatism 

A. U Woik. Chairaian 

Public E.mi»lflyer*' Diir, 

jce for this division* The geographi- 
cal division under Morton Dorfaa pad 
the Neighborhood Council under Sol 
Black open their campaigns Monday. 
All men and women in the J'itteburgh 
Community who have not been al- 
ready contacted by the more than oO 
indmtrial» professional and organisa- 
tional comrnltteea will be reached by 
this group. The geographical division 
will contact all city people and; 
Neighborhood Council will contact All 
person* in the outlying districts 

In his address to the hastexie* for 
the WcttMWa l>cj.'4.-rt IJrjdgifA, Mr. 
Kaufrr.nnn «lid : r Thh 1st not incrrly 
an annual campaign in behalf of so- 
cial welfare nnd ether services we 
must traditionally support Between 
now and May 15 the fate of million * 
of human beings in Germany, Aus- 
tria* Poland, and other European 
rauntrtn wfH he determined because 

thfcateniag our people in Central and 
Eastern Europe. 

"This ninglo initrumcnt, the United 
Jewish Appeal for Refugees and 
Overseas Kcodf will enable the Joint 
Diitribution Committee to cover the 
face of Europe, to reach into every 
danger tone where Jews are feel inc. 
the blow* of intolerance. It will en- 
able the United Palestine Appeal to 
pure hare thousands of additional 
tracts of land in Palestine, to increase 
commerce and trade in that country, 
to increase tho tempo of living in 
that land so that many more thou- 
snds may be added to the 250,000 
Jew* who have found permanent 
homes there mice 1933. 

4 "Thcse are the facts which every 
onv of you who ha* volunteered to 
serve in this campaign must bring 
home to every Jewish woman and 
every Jewish family in Pittsburgh. 

Edgar L«win, ChKtraian 

We cannot believe that there is one 
person in our JewL<h coJ»m unity who 
will be deaf to thu plea of hit striek' 
en brethren overseas, who can fail 
to realise that to carry cut a pro- 
grani of assist ing the Jew* in Ger- 
many to survive, tf aiding the refu- 
gees dispersed throughout the world, 
of transporting thousands of them to 
Palestine and overseas lands and mak- 
ing it possible for thorn to Lake up 
their Uvea there u workers, and citi- 
Kens, will not require at tens* three tc 
four times the sums raised in ihi,-; 
country in the pa&t year." 

"You have heard as welt aa | the 
historic speech of Hitler to his Reich- 
stay on Priday, April 28, 1949. You 
heard him tcom the likewise historic 
appeal of President Roosevelt for a 
u-ii year moratorium on peace. Such 
a man can not be dealt with reason- 
ably. Such a nun cannot be shown 
the folly of his way*. But it is not 
for us hero in Pittsburgh to decide 
how Hitler shall be dealt with, fffatt 
we must decide Is the fate of the 
Jews who have already been made 
penniless and homeless by the man's 
actions and deed*. No matter what 
troubles we have, what hardships we 
think we are enduring, wo at least 
have the freedom of speech and of 
worship and of home. On Sunduv 
wai dedicated the New York World's 
Fair + dedicated to the World of To- 
horrow. Our only prayer and every 
wish, is that the World of Tomorrow 
may give peace and hope and faith 
to the millions of Jews ill Europe 
thai are in acute distress today, 

*' In your homes next week, you 
have invited the women of Pittsburgh 
to come and in the greatest selected 
women's nudiencc ever gathered in 
America and hear the plea I havt- 
Rtven you today. The entire execu- 
tive committee of the United Jewish 
Fund Campaign are grateful to you 
for year generosity and helpfulness," 

"The 6,000,000 European Jews that are looking to America for succor and hope 
and faith ..." 

The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), May 5, 1939, page 9. 

No. 150, May 1939 


* S .*»l**j->j^*- W fcWW>.*l H 

441 Oliver Building* Pittsburgh, Pa. 


DAVID ALTER, P**oiisn*r :: 

MILTON K. SUSMAN. Editor Atlantic 0753 

Subscription Prle*, J1.W p»r tut. 9Id*1« copies 14 eqntr 

1r¥h#Q « iubpciibtr Wline* hi* paper dlKootlciued *t Hm ch pi ration ef h1a *ub*£Mtunjn 
not It* to tht,| 4lt<44t thOUld b* ktH. Other**** It I* uiuuid con II du ill on L* d«*lr«d, 

May S t J$3$ 

The Jowlth Criterion has *xclu*W# right* to tto World WEd* 
r#l*grtphic N#w*> Fikor Agoacy ud the Stroi Art* Feature 

Volume S3, No. 26 

- *V^j'>.H%f%i'-M"v* , l*^"lH'VHH ,1 W'*d , St ' ^ l »-^^^ 



FROM May 7 through May 14 Jewish 
Book Week will be observed through- 
out the United States, During those 
seven days libraries, book-stores and com- 
munity centers will join in helping to pre- 
serve the heritage of Israel through Its 
literature. In Pittsburgh , Carnegie Lib- 
rary wiU have special exhibits and book- 
marts will feature past and recent contri- 
butions to Hebraica and Jewish lore. 

We urge our readers to participate in 
this annual celebration by rededicating 
themselves to the history- tradition and 
thought of our people through the fascin- 
ating medium of books. 


THE reason why copies of last week's 
issue of Collier's were as scarce as 
auks was an article by Dr. Earnest 
Albert Hooton titled +, Why the Jew Grows 
Stronger/' It starts out as an interesting 
anthropological study of Jews, not as a 
race, but as possessing a set of definite 
racial characteristics by which they are 
readily recognised, and then tapers off 
into a discussion of the social consequen- 
ces of these physical distinctions of Jews 
dwelling In Gentile populations. 

Dr. Hooton has been generous to the 
Jew in his conclusions, indeed, in our opin- 
ion, even extravagant. But he is prepond- 
erantly fair and proceeds to his deductions 
with the cold reasoning of a scientist. 
Though many of his suggestions may not 
meet with undivided approval, he has writ- 
ten a treatise that holds out the Jew as 
an asset, rather than a liability to society. 

And since this approach is a rarity 
these days, he has rendered anti-Jewish 
prejudice a severe blow for which we 
Jews should be grateful. 


THOSE who hold that "A kind answer 
turncth away wrath/' will have a rare 
opportunity to see the justifiability of 
such a belief on May 9, 

On that date, Hadassah, the Women's 
Zionist Organization of American Jewish 
Physicians' Committee will unite to open 
and dedicate the first non-sectarian medi- 
cal center in Palestine, just completed on 
Mt. Scopus in Jerusalem. 

Built during a period of international 
it rife and racial hatred, the new center 
will be a beacon Hght dedicated to a ra- 
tional program of enlightened science and 
good health for all peoples. As such* it 
must have a humanizing effect not only on 
the enemies of Jewry in the Holy Land 
itself, but also on all those who without 
justification or foresight have claimed that 
the Jew is not able to carve out his des- 
tiny with the same tools of peace and jus- 
tice he demands from the rest of the 

The center is a complex of three, white 
buildings constructed of native stone 
quarried in the mountains of a new-old 
land. The medical school for graduate 
si u dents and doctors which comprises one 
of the buildings has been named for Dr + 
Nathan RatnofT, director of Beth Israel 

PLIGHT OF 6,000,000 

THE unprecedented ly fine response to 
the United Jewish Appeal through- 
out the country, with many commu- 
nities far exceeding their quota*, not 
only offer* frcih hope for the iiiccc** of 
the local drive, but makes our responsi- 
bility ih Pittsburgh the more inescapable 
This is one time when distinction 
would be painful were we to l*g behind 
the quota set for us. For weekly now, an 
army of worken have been laboring in 
an humanitarian cause, sacrificing busi- 
ness and pleasure, to see that our prem- 
ise of succor to the needy and forlorn is 

To fail them now is unthinkable. We 
mutt only plod ahead to our objective, 
where life and hope await them, satis- 
faction, us. 

Hospital in New York and president of 
the American Jewish Physicians* Com- 

The hospital, known as the Meyer de 
Rothsch ild-Hadassah-University Hospi tal 
will bring the services of a 300 bed insti- 
tution, designed according to the best 
American standards, to the native and 
Jewish communities of that section of the 

In addition, there is the Henrietta Szold 
School of Nursing started twenty years 
ago by the founder of Hadassah who is 
still active in Palestine as the director of 
the Youth Aliyah (immigration) move- 
ment* This school will act as a training 
ground not only for native and refugee 
Jewish girls but for students from sur- 
rounding countries as well. 

The motto of the new center is M heal- 
ing, teaching and research," It is a motto 
worthy of the organisation which built it. 
worthy of the people who will receive its 
services and worthy, too, of the Jew's his- 
toric determination to turn Palestine once 
more into a "land flowing with milk and 

This "milk," however, is the milk of 
human kindness* And this "honey" is the 
honey of good health and high morale 
which always result from it. 


IN the strange course of events which 
makes the history of man a living, stir- 
ring drama, the refugee today plays a 
major rule. The lot of hundreds of thou- 
sands of refugees, Christians as well as 
Jews, shuffled about in an attempt to find 
new homes* new raison d'etre, is now in- 
fused with a curious combination of pathos 
and power* France and Germany have 
unequivocally placed themselves on record 
as desiring their services on a mllitarv 
basis. Germany cannot look to these peo- 
ple for loyalty in times of crisis i she may 
expect only a minimum of contribution, 
and that only by force. In France, how- 
ever, and every other democratic country 
which has rendered them refuge and hope 
in their despair, they will serve with all 
that is within their power, gladly sacri- 
ficing life, limb and property. 

Although there is sting to the statement 

by former First Lord of the Admiralty 
Alfred DufF Cooper of England, who, re- 
ferring to his country's policy of turning 
away what he calls useful, able-bodied, 
hard-working, honest immigrants* said: 
"It is criminal lunacy to chase these peo- 
ple from our shores while, at the same 
time* we implore citizens to fill up the gaps 
in the defenses," we cannot wholehearted- 
ly condemn It For to these people life 
has taken on a new sense of proportion. 

Through misery they have grown to 
understand the futility of individual ex- 
istence as compared to an ideal for which, 
to live and die To serve in a cause for 
the greater good of all humanity would 
infuse the broken fragments of their lives 
with new power, would give new mean- 
ing to their existence. The refugee is i 
creation of Nazi Germany. It is not im- 
possible that pathos and power may give- 
way to a Frankenstein returned to crush 
its creator. 


IX the process of 'aryanization/' what- 
ever that might mean, of Bohemia- 
Moravia, certain Czech tendencies have 
been disclosed that make the ultimate 
stratification of Czechs and Germans 
through pressure methods a matter for 
speculation. It is agreed by close observ- 
ers that permanent or even temporary 
amiable relationship between the two peo- 
ples under present conditions is unlikely 
because of inherent differentiation; and 
the iron-fisted demands from Berlin that 
the Czechs, fundamentally not in the Least 
anti-Semitic, enforce a nti- Jewish meas- 
ures, are obeyed only perfunctorily. In- 
steady Czech officials are using every pow- 
er within their means, despite German 
pressure, to render assistance to Jew* 
leaving the country and even to help satv^ 
age their belongings. 

The Czech aptitude for passive resist- 
ance is drawn to a large extent from the 
same source tapped by Jewish patience, 
and one cannot help but feel that the 
Czechs are firm in their belief that all 
this is but a transitory phase of their in- 
dustrial life and that theirs is the feeling 
that eventually there will be a new liber- 

These, then, are the people over whom 
the Reich has set up a "protectorate," only 
because in the free countries there was 
the fear, not of defeat, but of war itself . 
The Czech people now manifest their sym- 
pathy by a responsive attitude to the Jew- 
ish desire to get out of the country be- 
cause they know that life on Hitler's term* 
is intolerable. 


THIS journal's condolences to the fam- 
ily of Fred Seligman, publisher of tlw 
Youngstown Times, who passed away 
this week at his home m Youngstown aft- 
er a Jong illness. 

An esteemed contemporary, his death 
leaves a regretable gap in the ranks of 
Anglo-Jewish Journalism. 

"PLIGHT OF 6,000,000" 

The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), May 5, 1939, page 10. 

No. 151, May 1939 

May 12, 1P39 

The Jewish Criterion 


United Appeal Enters Final Stage 

Workers Hope To Complete Drive In Ten Days 

Foliv\vin$ it a Utter a4dw*i&i Jo fAe Boston Committee* /or 
Iltfuyte* by a Citrman refuge* who leas imprisoned in the Naii Con- 
cent ration Camp at JfurVrrntrflbf for ei^ht tiny* in .Yo t*rmc*r, 1038. 
Tht letter team /orienrdcd bjf ttu Bvtlon Committee to Mr, Hi$h 
$4fmt*t o/ ike. United Jeidth Appeal tone fumed it erer I* The 
Ojlcricn rut evidence of the steal need for the aid which the Drive 
w tetkixf. — THE EftiTQR 

Mr*. Leonard SK*pir* 
I. &. S, Solicitation 
D*ipU* rumor* lh*t h»v# cir£ut*.t*d 
in the community lh*t th« PLttibu^h 
Camp*ieni for th* Uo*t*d J*wi*h Fund 
Dfi¥« hkt *\\t**.dy r***h«d ■** i*»l. 
031**1- ML Kaufman in * iiitemeni 
iitued (o ibi* pubticjition *i it -w*nl 
14 prati **.id: '"W* have no I "iwJ 
nor* than SO'v of th* •mount ut for 
■b# Pttttburfh community Id ton- 
leiluLU- Although the comixiLttam 
lti4l (•!*»'(■ already re ported h*T?e dorr- 
*nr-rf>Uc.n.*lly wvH, there #tp 

mimbor* ret to be Heard from. The 
campaign ii in full *™'ma no**, ind 

«r kope will.ln the nest 10 day* to 
f**ch. fv«> one of tlie 1 2.0ft0 men, 

wow** *.nd youthi wtwir tonlribtt- 

li«ai ire ntcviiir) SO put trie drive 

o¥*r/ K 

In a rally for workers he &aid: "We 
arc within slcht of our goal and need 
only an increased realization by the 

people of FUL-htiivh of the 0V0r- 
wberniinj; distress abroad in order to 
roach our objective and save count- 
Ion human live*. We miut begin to 
*eo oar obligation to lhe» people in- 
die light of the extent of their suf- 
fering. Wo must thrust niide at] the 
indices by which we once judged the 
needs of the downtrodden. Their 
boandless suffering must be met by 
beandlejs sacrifice and generosity- 
We must not fail thenu If we fail 
them we fait ourselves T 

"We have ■ (treat deal more money 
ta rais*< Ficade go into the com- 
munity Mid acquaint ovary nmn 4 
*oman and child with the fact*. They 
*now them as well a* you do, Their 
newspaper* p n d their radio? toll them 
fefl^alcdiir over and over ajrain ju»t 
*hi»t ihe irituatiun i*. But vk thrw 
r/«opk td be reneruu*. Thi* Ij not 
JUjt tirotht? campaijrps, TherB is nlUfh 
t* do and much we can do- There h 
rtiU hofjo for the per*eeut*d; and help 
«n reaeh Ihem before £t is loo late. 
Wt arc ruiUdn? for contributions on 
tKtla hitherto unknown in Apaariead 
Jf*SA Life, Wo want not cenerority 
\ for that ii not enou^ 
of 1&85 t. the year of l! 
*\ atrugjrle of &MO.00* Kure 
l***n Jew*. In the light of lhat #lni*> 
pie we cannot abandon our people. 
And a contribution lew lhan our ttl+ 
moat mean* abandon i in,' ] Jewa 
*he*_thoy ha.VO loolced upon a* in 
America as their only friend* amoaj: 

Oliter af, Kaufntann'* proudest 
tmmeaaion today is » flvo yard jitrt>IL 
It U the. honor roll from the Irene 
Kaufman n Settlement oT thow who 
«™*t*d to the Pil^burgh IPSO Unit*. I 
Jewish Fund Drive, in child bh 
**T»wlis are written the name.i of r^or> 
^ej* and girbj who Rave up a pleee 

Boston Committee for R*f«jre(it 
24 province Street 
Boston, Hftuachuiictta 

Before dawn en Thursday. Novum- 
her 10 th at 3 =3f> a, rn. t my family 
and t were peace folly asleep in our 
apartment on the ■eettltd flour of the 
house in which wc lived when we 
heard our doorbelt rinp, My vrife 
went to the window and *aw in thr 
rtrcet be]ow a «roup of S3 mm. 
They demanded to Know if a Jew 
lived In that apartment. On receiv- 
ing an amrin alive tnaww they de- 
manded that { coine down because 
they wanted me^ My wife pleaded 
that I had dune nothing wrongr, but 
to no avail. The SS men tmashed 
the window in the apartment below 
where an Aryan German family Uved 
and from the Apartment below they 
forced fnHr way mto ouv apartment. 
They marched for weapon* of which. 
of course, we had none and then or- 
dered me to (to with them, barcly 
irivinj: me a chance to put my clothe* 


They took me and a f«w ethei- 
Jew* to the police rtatlon, ticking our 
heeU as they walked. In the police 
station we met a jrreat many other 
Jew.-i« ?ome badly beatm uy, with 
blood atreamlng from their heads and 
faces. One Jewlih man was to badly 
beaten that he w»* lyinjf uneGnwicni*. 
on the ftoor^ Front there they took 
ui In trucks to the concentration 

When we, arrived at the camp we 
were compelled to run between two 
rowj of S& frunnU who were armed 
with $tt«kj, truncheon* and other 
weapons. We were beaten merciless- 
ly. They knocked our hat* off with 
sucks ami a,*, we were running thev 
tried to trip u» and anyone who fell 
was trampled npo". Thwc who could 
not nin fa*t enough, v specially the 
elderly peoplei received thf wot^t 
b^atintr. A former officer of the Ger- 
man Army who had been wounded in 
the World War* protested that he wa« 
a wounded veteran and that he would 
not run, that he would not submit to 
*uch indiEnittcs; whereupon he was 
thrown to the ground and trampled to 
death before our eyes. 

The ftnte to the camp wirt kept only 
partly open allqwine; only two men to 
pa*-* at the same time. On the inside 
of Ihe pale there nt;ain were lined iJp 
two row5 of c-uird* nmiril &jt th" 
other? with ittickit and other weapon* 
and uindrr the personal uttporvUion of 
the head of the camp. Every Jew had 
to run between thews two row* of 
guards for a distance of about 300 
meters and as the Jew* passed they 
were continually beaten. T aside the 
gate we were compelled to line up 
and 1 1n tn3 at attention until II p. tn, 
without food or water. 

We; were then driven into the bar- 
racks which were plain wooden »truc- 
turtv; and we had to lie On Ihe bare 
wood without even a piece of rtraw 
under ol We were so crowded that 
th<> upper Tttructuro of bunkc col- 
lapsed and we were compiled to lie 
on each other packed like *ardine.* f 
one's head routine: on somebody^ 
stomach and JomebodyV feet on an- 
other's body, Thui we were compelled 
to spend the nfcht. Those who tried 
to stand up were mercilessly beaten, 
many unconscEous and many were 
thrown Into open ditches outside and 
compelled to remain there all night. 
Wf h:id no covers except the clothw 
we wei* wearinp. AH the while the 

of our people would *ooa be taken |» 
the forest, meaning they would be 

At &&0 a. m. we were again lined 
up our heads shaven and eaeh one 
had to contribute 'Voluntarily" to Urt 
SS fund, The least "conLribution" 
accepted was 2n mark^, We stood at 
attention from &:8Q a, m. until 7 
p. m. Thouc who could not endure 
Et were pulled out and flojEjred, That 
day we received no food nor water 
except a lUtlc potato south After 7 
o. m r we had to get snto the barracks 
again and to He on each outer aa be- 
fore with the t*n» scenes of horror 
and beatingi to anyone who dared 
jtaud up, On the third day we were 
lined up at 5:3 H a. m, and they gave 
us coffee {One cup for every ten 
men) and a small slice of bread. We 
again had to rtamd at attention until 
V [►. m. without even a drop of walei 

On the morning of the fourth day 
we were compelled to f'& tn row* from 
fitSO a. tn. to 7 p, m. with, the leg? 
of one prisoner arranged between 
those of his fellow prisoner in the 
opposite row. No one was permitted 
to got up or move and the guard* 
jeered at us that we Jew* do no* know 

whnt we wanti we complain When W4 
vtand and we complain when we ait, 
That mettenlcsrt sitting En that poal- 
tlon wa* Ihe worst torture anyone 
could invent. On-^ elderly man who 
could endure it no longer pet up and 
was kicked by a gustid ?v hard that 
hr tumbled wer scA'cral rows of pris- 
oners, When he got up again the 
guard struck him between the rib* 
with the handle of a dagger and the 
man again fell to the ground. HL« 
fellow prisoner! persuaded him to ril 
down and try to rndurc the tortures. 
The next morning the poor man w:t* 

The following night was the worst 
for aa. Man)' men lea their minds 
and many others could not keep from 
standing up for a few second*. Sev- 
eral scores were pulled out and beat- 
en to death. Others committed suh 
cfde. The bodies were left lying in 
full view of everyone and the naw 
comers were greeted with that *sght. 

On the fifth day there was some re- 
lief from the thirst because k rained 
and wc were able to catch a few drop* 
with our hands. In the nine days 
that 1 was at camp, about 100 men 
died and over SO0 became insane. 
Many committed suicide by cutting 
their v*,in* with broken glass, or 
throwing themselves against the elec- 
trically charged wires that surrounded 
the camp. In ths few cane* where 
the electric current did not kill the 
victim at ence the guard in the watch 
tower finished him with a gun. 

On the ninth day the secret police 
came accompanied by physician*. We 
antra all lined up facing the wall 
whore we were compelled to stay for 
four hour* from '2 to 6 p. m. Tho*e 
that showed «gns of Pegging were 

fulled amide and were not released, 
WSJ one of the fortuaale ones and 
I was permitted to go after making 
a solemn promise not lo reveal to any- 
one what I witnessed at the camp, To 
add to the irony, everyone was coai- 
pelled to pay three marks for broken 
dishes although the only dfche* we 
had were a tin plate arid a tin cup. 

January 20 p t939. 

The Boston Committee for Refu- 
geea* a participating agency in the 
United Jewish Campaign, has since 
secured an affidavit for chb man 
permitting htm to come to the United 

Froda L«win 
Secretary. Youth Committee 
qf candy and in many cases even 
more to contribute a few pennies to 
the Fund, The Ulack liawk* t the Bon 
Amis and the Sunbeams and downs 
of other* of these young people* club* 
signed their names, one by one p five 
yards of ihem to *ignify that although 
they cannot do a great deal they are 
doing their part to help the 0.0O0.00G 
suffering and Innocent peoples in Eu* 
rope who are turning lo America for 
sustenance and faith. 

Success Story X umber One thm 
far in the Fund Drive has been that 
of the Clothing Division under the 
general chairmanship of BhuuuhmI 
Specter and the co-chaErmanphip of 
Julius Hal pern. They have rai«d to 
date some $34,000 dollars an enor- 
mous contribution not only in mere 
figures, hut tn what it will mean to 
those in distress in Europe. It costs 
$25.00 to transport ;i mother and 
child from Prague to Palestine *nd 
maintain them there for one day. Thl- 
mcana these 13G<> mothers can tttte. 
their children to the safely of Pales- 
tine, the land of hope and opportun- 
ity for the wandering refugees. 

Here fellow* the honor roll of 
workers En this division: 

Chairman* Emanuel Specter; Co + 
Chairman, J. TIalpern; Associated by 
Leonard Amdur and Harry Smltea . 
Ladies Goads Chairman. Max Axm\ 
Clothing Chairman, Curly Wolk; 
Mens Goods Chairman. Cha^- Lo«V- 
ni'r; Cunva,^t-rs <"haiifiiari p Harry 
Olitxky: Shoe* ChaEmmn. Robt. Com- 
insj General Chairman, H. %l. Caplan, 
L. R. Michael". Milton Freedman. 

Associated by: Prof. Abrams. Max 
Balsom> J, Seder, Nathan Savnge, H. 
Clair* James Simon, Harry Miller, Dr. 
I^hlon, EddEc AKCn, S. filintun. M 
Wolf, Bernard Kaplan, Harry I 
field, Merman Halpern* Julius llaii- 
bord, 1. Oseroff. 1 tarry ICci*enb|iu(i\ 
Lou Shapiro, Louis Gordon* B, >Jji.nii r 
Meyer Min^ky, Uohcrt Wormscr, E. 
L. Braun^tein, A. Werner, >(. Ro^en- 
son, Oscar Loeb, Chas. Bri*kin» Sam 
Schechtcr, Harry Aaron*, Morris A!- 
Ion. J. W. Goldbloom* I. DEnovit*, 
Morry* Goldman, Harry Neuman. 

The Women's Division of the Fund 
Drive formally opened their campaign 
with 300 dessert Lridge* on Wednes- 
day, at which time ftabbi Hillel Sil- 
ver of Cleveland, national chaErman 
of the United Jewish Fund Drive 
spoke. More than £000 PiUabur^ti 
women sat by the radio i and heard 
a most memorable address by Rabbi 
Silver. In part ho said: 

"As I speak to yeu now there is an 
army wandering across the face of 
Europe, It is not an army of war* 
1 1 it not an army of peace. It is an 
tamp Of despair, a straggling, aching 
mass of humanity with tatters for Sis 
{Continued on page 88) 

"The year of 1939 is the year of the most critical struggle of 6,000,000 European 

The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), May 12, 1939, page 7. 

No.152, June 1939 

HSDA 8, l£39. 




numl peop 

an 900 
bi and f 
camp. F; Maui 


Ta c; rri!~|Ti 

aii nf 

11G a\J J 


:o are in a srt** 

.:ch A 


11 fee blocked 

end i>f a the 


o operation. 
The real aace of the piobk 

n the enormous number ^ple 

than a month ago 
Lord V man M the 

Cor a; declare bi potent 

problem concerned five or six nriHion 


are a impossible to 

cue methods 


no $ vni tj 


the numbers wry n 

b dlrra 

to be 
em efforts to smuggle 
5 into Palestine, of 

jflinc #*m 




in the 

jred an pe* 

■ : tragf 
time taken in the oieam 

v clear, can 
provide a home? fo: a < mall propor- 

■ looking 

am par a 
ng needs demg on a 


a expt 


"»:■ and 


e Dor 

* . 

^nd for who 1 

"PLIGHT OF THE UNWANTED ... A little more than a month ago Lord Winterton, 
chairman of the Evian Committee, declared that the potential problem concerned 
five or six million Jews." 

Western Morning News (Devon, UK), June 8, 1939, page 6. 

No.153, June 1939 

Columbus Jewry Must Raise $15,000 

For United Jewish Fund 1939 Goal 

■' >..;■■■' 


jft. : ! •! 







■i" ■ 

picTtrnr story iiEiiittb locai, fund campaign 

*Wfcji1 Hflvc I J>pne7" HPfci* fld» liUH rtiufze* chili. 

( )HI< ) J EW ISH«% CftHONHXE 

^K > — 1. E 

iEX ■"■—__- 

■— "■' 


. ~j-jyaffli 



NHEWmO "-^ 

IS you read these Hnea* thefts in an army wandering 
" across the Eac& 4»f Kgnipe, It is an army of despair a 
rtifcggilnjt aching bfetra *tf humanity with tatters for lea 
(Ksnner^. It la the army of refugees, whrau Hve* hayei bes» 
wracked Jjy the titetm ol persecution thai has swept every 
Jewish life from its moorings in Germany, Austria, Fofand 
and Czechoslovakia, 

These men and women, ttiihncu n cfltLnUy., keep crowd- 
ing, the highways in a vain search for an open door. There 
ace 96\QQ0 of Ihe^g refugees in France, Holland, England, 
and SwitzerlamL Only one year ago, ttumy thousands gt 
them had been living in safety In Vienna and in Czecho- 
Slovak h, hut the march oi aggression haa destroy ed Vienna 
and Prague m asylutis for refugees, Sq the Jew wht> fled 
from Berlin tD Vienna, ^nri then when Austria was swal- 
lourccl up by Germany, from Vienna to Prague!, mupt now 
go foith in aeatth o^ a nevi r home. 

Their fate Is in our hand^ 
We cflusi- re-vemi cunbeJves to 
them. The knstYuntEnJl iff itiorcy 
at >twJr disposal to ht'U* thej 
[efti^s aacl Jdvf living in 
every Land of d-ialresS In Europe 
La [Jii? United Jewish Fund A.p- 
puftl. , The funds ytJU contri- 
bute wlJI be uctiianti immedi- 
ately to provide footi, clashing, 
Alie»fr F medical car*, traite 
IraLfcilng, Emigration affiance, 
rtfiedttement aid— eveiy refioft* 
StrirctJvKa aatHffilaitee which wUt 
give them u finance lo rebuild: 
thfitr Lives 
-Do not fwa^lw IhEm, the |are* 
- „ sent cJ-[hI* demand* of each and 

^KS 4 ^ rat** * * - * sif '■ 5 

Can we say ,- KOr In them 
Without saytne; Jr NOr* le tVCiy- 

Tite- TE^igi«E ara homeless 
wanders, llvlme Slld^m*ntfl 
of a cMlEsaltcn (hit pennLes 
vUiletwe atid ra&E hatr^l iy be 
used ha jwLIUcali weapona. Thfi 
crisis ivhkMi Jews of puropii 4» 
f^einff Iftdy^ e«viC'3o^s far 
moire than eSjt mlVHon eqtIIs. 
With ei&eh hew defeat of tifr 
mocracy in Central Kurope, 
ti&w centers ci Jewish life utit 
uprooted, ncrt* ctrniuiunitiEft are 
f CHfU-tHcj. D^w iegiuns Join the 

tattered army 02 Ibr tf.le^EE^. 

• Thane, tedigees. Sock to '' lit* 

United Jewtsh . FYiliiJ lt> hel^ 

tlitng that Is dear to Jewish 
eodcteTOT and our own .. future? 
Look at t]i^ Avi^cfuL. poicTiaht 
fitcw oF t3i^ child refugee delud- 
ed ^oie, The cliiTd^ fiUK 
trfk tlie stcf7 which *yinLr;iil3Es 
tht urgei^y of ine appeal be- 
hhid thE 1333 cartUUtfen 3n Co- 
lumlws and vicinity. Unknown 
lo us. thesE unfortuHfltes ate 
nevertheless oyr brethren ll*d 
ii> us by j &|)LtlLiJ.i[ strain thick- 
er than tilled. They and 
tiLOLtsaads -of others like them 
look to u& lmpiivgl> r , laneEn^y- 

a Kacrlftae. 

Aceonlitiff to E. J, Echanfar- 
bOr K iippro>Jjnaiely $15,000 is 

atili IWM'tled t«> e° over ihe tflfp 
for the iyO& United Je^i'lflh 
Fuml campaign. U 1s hoped 

ity pnail meet in. iho fuhert 
m e a i u f a the ve^panai'hiUty 
wluch the European HlHiallon 
has placed upuli ll. IteiuwnbEi 1 
ttK>. tlaat ronw? 30 othflr ^vorthy 
cauBe-E Ln AmetrScnH .EewEsh kLft* 
will alro 1>em^lt ihl'WSli yaur 
ens eanliibmifllt tlake your 
eh^jriifi |^v;0j^ w> SSinon l.a^ar- 
ue, Treasurer, Uflfct4?d Jewish 
Puml. 150 E. Bvoad St.. Coium- 
bii5 h Ohbft 

"The crisis which Jews of Europe are facing today envelopes far more than six 
millions souls." 

Ohio Jewish Chronicle, June 30, 1939, page 1. 

No. 154, September 1939 

Page 3 

iKeview of C*venl& 

IT is as yet too early today to comprehend the full extent of the tragedy 
which han avti taken the world. The conflict has hut started. It is now 
■til J limited to four countries* The extent of it? possible *j>rtml i$ not 
as yet known. But the tragedy which has overtaken the mill ions of people in 
the war atone as well as the 3,500,000 Jews in Poland and the 800 p 000 Jews in 
Germany. But the tragedy which has overtaken the millions of people in the 
war zone A* well a* the 3,500,000 Jews in Poland and the 80O h 00» Jews in 
Germany and her praevium is sufficiently great to defy the imaginittbn and 
stir the deep sympathy oi those why still believe in mercy, justice and the 
protection of the Weak* 

Scarcely two months before Hitler's aggression against Poland^ Herx 
Hans ZicgLcr, a ranking official in the Propaganda Ministry , emphasized, 
according to a dispatch by the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, irt hit hotik entitled 
Ju/fen and dtr iFtltkrifpi that one of tile wuttli-uliile results uf the Coming 
world war would be the annihilation of the six million Jews in Ea*t and 
Central Europe, Other warnings of the same dure character have been tit- 
tered by Nazi officials and publications for the past several years- 

Today, two-ihirds of the Jewish population in Poland is under Nazi 
occupation, Even the infrequent diipatchca from the war front indicate that 
the Jews were the twofold victim of Nnxi haifcd nnd retaliation* first as 
citizens of Poland, and secondly, as Jews. The Nazi propaganda machinery « 
feverishly at work in an effort to drive a wedge between the Jews and the 
Poles. In line with its set policy, pursued before the hostilities commenced, 
Nazi propaganda attempts to convince the Poles that their enemy is the Jew 
and not the Nazi aggressor. At the same time, an effort is made to portray the 
Polish civilian resistance as stemming mainly from Jews, in order to justify 
wanton retaliation and goad the German soldiers and civilian population to 
more frightful acts* Frequent bombardments of Polish towns have been di- 
rected in many cases at the Jewish quarters, Polish Jews knew that their 
very existence is at stake in this war* Kor the part nf Poland, occupied hy 
the Nazis, there may be a puppet govern meat* Slovak style, pending a change 
in fortune. Fur Jews there is but death, exile and persecution. Nor is there 
any escape for them. If the pattern established by the U T S, Sp R« will be 
followed in the regions occupied by the Russian forces, Jews in these localities 
will face persecution for their religious beliefs, Zionist activities and demo- 
cratic lympcithies. 

A* waj not the case in the last war, in which the Jews of Germany shed 
their blood for the glory of the grateful FfitfrfanJ, they are held there today 

"Scarcely two months before Hitler's aggression against Poland, Herr Hans Ziegler, 
a ranking official in the Propaganda Ministry, emphasised, according to a dispatch 
by the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, in his book entitled Juden und der Weltkrieg, 
that one of the worth-while results of the coming world war would be the 
annihilation of the six million Jews in East and Central Europe." 

Contemporary Jewish Record, Volume II, Number 5. September-October 1939, page 3. 

This, I believe, is one of the very most damning articles which I've reproduce in this book, it's a 
precise prediction of the "annihilation of the six million Jews in East and Central Europe" during 
the Second World War. So I think it warrants some further investigation. 

First off, it also appeared in: 


The Jewish c&itbihon 

October 13, IOSCh 


IT Is an: yet too early today to com- 
prehend fhe full extent of the trag- 
edy whjch h«s uvcrlnken the 
world. The- ennMict bns but started. 
It Is now still limited ta four coun- 
tries. The ostont of its possible 
spread la not as yet known. But the 
tragedy which ha* overtaken the mil- 
lions Of people in the War SiO-jLC SS 

well as the 3.500.ODG Jewa Ln Poland 
and the fiO0,flfJQ Jews. Ln Germany nnd| 

her possessions la sniHlLJentiy great to 
defy the imagination and. alLr the 
deep sympathy nf tfaeu who still be- 

T&ctc fojS feu; moflCJu are jhcbioftgiNc ones in Iha 1'jhr a/ Jcip- 
taJli n.^ ireZI fi.v jFaWd hisJory, ffrir. tfcfl ffm of oon*(o«t cAnai^c in toftiph 
ure 2iv/; -nuite* ihKCS&arjr flow and ihzit fh<; sum rawrfcfrifl 0/ jeAfli no 
Eiiai'J'u ha* CdJten place during ffl fftoCH pdrifld. Ug sprclflF nrrflB jr- 
minitir letch 'Hid Sdllors Of the COnfomporfiF^ Jinvtafc Ppcoref, CJPJd tte* 
HWUWritM' uifi bKfN? 90li this tiPHrltf *Ctf'E*"0 O^ JCW»*5& world «TONtV- 

]ieve- in mercy,, justice and the pro- 
tection of the weak. 
m Scarcely two months before HEller's 
^ggressLon againat Poland. Heir Hans 
Zaegler, a ranking official in the Pro- 
paganda Ninlatry, cmphni-Jzed^ ac- 

cording I* a dlapntch by the Jewish 
Telc&mphic Agency, in Ms Look en- 
titled "Jnden Und dcr Wei ^ttitg" 
thjit one of the wOrth-Whilc results Of 
the cam5:ig world War would- be the 
nnmhLlncign of the six million JcWS i:i 


J™ j fhe-rfght eombinfliton -o-f 
OTdCiJ ac"ir g and dancing 

to gtfvg ygu mere pleasure 


Right Co 


Oi ester fie] d blends the Rigkl Combination of 
the finest American and Turkish tobaccos to 
give you a milder, belter-tasting sim>ke with a 
more pleasing aroma , . * 

And frb«n you try th*m you h ll And thai these a™ ihe 
qualities CticslerriGltl has above a\\ Olheirs in $ viug you 
Mor* Smokhrs Measvrx. TH£ Y SA TISFK 

or your pbasure 

of tlit worlds best 
cigATCil« tobacccj^ 

By The EdLtors Of 

Contemporary Jewish Record 

East and Centred Buirop*. Othei 
war»Jvi£a or the same din character 
aav^ been uttered by Nazi officials 

and publications Tor toe past wvcral 

Today. tnoHtUfO* *f Ulc Jewish 
j?:i.pLil:Ll:rtn In Palaiui Li Ui'nlef NazJ 
nLcupiL'dnn. E'.-un Die Lnfie^uent dls- 
puLclins fmm the war front Indicate 
Uuit Ihfl Jc^'m \vcrt llie t^'Ofald vk 
dm Df Npiil hatred and retaliation, 
i.".;l :i:= i!l:i'.i-:i.-; qf E'uliLnd. aitd B«> 
Ciidlv, B5 J*W». The I^a^L propagaridn 

TCiactilTicry H ^cveriahJy at worK In an 
effort to drive a wedge between. Lie 
Jews and the Pole^. In line with ita 
set policy, pursued before the Uoatll.- 
UflS Gcmrneneed r NazA prapaganda at. 
tempta to r.HiivincL' the Folea rl: i: 1 
their rniomy U: the Jcm' and not Olc 
Nazi aegTCX5or- At the aaacie Ume. 
an effort Is made to portray; tiie Po- 
Ush civilian reliance as atejnosEnfi 
nualrdy ftom Jcu-s. In order to jnstU/ 
wintML retaljation and g>e<id the Get- 
man soldiera wnti eSvilLr L n. population 
Lo morff fLijthtfu] aeLf. Frequent 
bombanlnHmls of Polish toWTta have 
been directed, in many eases at the 
JowbA ciuartera. Polish Jews Kjww 
that their rary cs^ieece is at stake 
In thLs war. r-"or the p^ri of Poland, 
occupied by the Nasbs, there- may be 
a puppet government, Sloviik atyLe, 
pending" a change in lortoJi*- For 
Jews there la but death, ckHc nod per- 
seeutLen. Nor La there any cstnne for 
tbena. If the pattern eatabH^ied lay 
tiie U.S.S.H, will bo followed Lo Ui* 
reglecnta occupied by the Rusakan 
farces, Jewfl In these LccaHUCS wdl 
face persecution Cor their relLfiloua 
belSefs, Zionist activities and demo- 
«*Ud syMpatbiea, 

As waa not the ess*; ht the £aat 
war t In which the Je^s of Germany 
shed ULood for the glory of the grate- 
ful Jl Vater1and, M they nre held there 
today as hoatasca to become again 
the acapegoata Sn the event ol th& 
defeat of the Has! forec-i. 

Tho problem of Falcatlnc bus at- 
tained a new complexion against the 
background of the new world; situa- 
tion, it continued to loom large un- 
til the outbreak of boaUlltiea, li was 
evident from- the uttorarccs and ac- 
tions oi the Colonial Mlniatcr. Mr. 
Mnlcolm MatDoimId r that the BrLU^n 
OovemnicnL was determined to pat 
mto erteet the measures outlined 1:1 
the White Fnper, and to break the 
resistance of the Je^'LBh community. 
This was reflected 5n the suspension 
of Jewish Immigration into Palestlitf 
during the sd* months beginnlnr Oc- 
tober 1, lM0 h n-i a retaliation for the 
conltnuoufl stream ckf ■■JHegal"' immi- 
gration of Qcnnnn nnd other refu- 
gees, Jews were henriened by tba 
publlcaUon ot the rcp^i of the Lea- 
gue of Nations Permanent Mandate': 
Commission, four of whose seven 
members declared Pic White Papi* 
an unmiHtakabJo violation of She 
terms -or the Mandate. In the mean- 
time, attention was shifted to Genc^i 
where the Twenty-Ftr^t KennEa! 
World Zionist Congress wna opened 
nm Anfixist IS. 

The Congress met under the threat- 
ening clouds of war, a circumstance 
which influenced boih the procedure 
and the tenor of tlie addresses and 
ulscuaaSons. Eeeau-'je of tlae enier 1 ' 
genc>- situation In Kionism, elections 
were not held In a number or coun- 
tries. The labor group was stronfiiy 
represented as usual, a-nd Its coahtloai 
with the liberal General Klonlsts 
CGroup AJ still dominated the seen* 
Ln spite of rnln<ir dSsagrecmcnta, Tkn 
major dlHcrcnee.1 wldch transcended 
ail proup ISne-i tang/ed about the type 
of restgtnncc to be undertn'ken aRnbist 
the. Rrltisli policy. While the Con- 
gress went on record as unanimously 
opposed to any compromise In P»«s- 
Una at the expense of Jewish rlgbW- 
(Continued on paffe £G> 

The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh) October 13, 1939, page 2. 

And in the: 


m •-. * i « u > """ ami tkt ft th* Htttntn*twfz(.M\ 

9m > tnki u r-t t& ri ■ •■■> r - ... ,; ,t ;■,, .... 

Yt'Mh it | /, -tt if* K'- 

'■'■'' famrttt* brw£ ami itti* | 


*-\ili- mini |».'i^ . ii imii \ ii 
i> lln n 1 1 ■ > ■ -i.i;m- |..r lit* in. 

ir tin finiii'ni i-t;i'. - 

I..V Hlr t ft $< It. Witl liv 

r>i||i.-,i. rl ii I i i r- jfttwu* ■ 

|ui'| Iil I ■ [tUhMHU t 'in -. 

I ii I • -i I. . rl Nik's Mill 

f .. i- ■ . ,| ■ -« '..i I., ir 
n liyi hi i \>- i /Am i i 
w itv r ■ i ,i nl ■ - in.i m1 i- 

»H ri !:- Ikul (III *T(^ III i In 
1.4-1 bl HI , 111 WttH'll l|n» .l< ri - 

• il [ .i rnuniy Jim I I M 

llll I-^jl 

" V |. Jxirnl,'' I lirv iin- lii-lil 

llnTi |.m|;m .i - 1 1 ■■ ' i ■ 

I • i •. u< cipaiii IIh h -Mi- 
p*)U\* i. il., - i. >■' 4 'Ii' 
i|i riil . -i Suva i" < • 

Tin- pftrJil in ..f I^N^IjiH 
Li' hiUuiiifl * in n n r i < - 
l"li \i"i jij in ■! i III 

ii (^ l . mi j, i ; , 
I -i i i, i- ilii _. \\ 1 1, i i, i _ 

I Ii. Il llll -ll-I" ., l| . ■ • 

|ircii he in I': li-f tn' u- ' \ . | 
r liU I- ■■ ■ ••! i i! Ill* ii I In ,1 i 

I <>M ".'I I.' Ill I 

Km >li.ii * t» i- L 'I Im . il - l. i i«i i L- 
rfil i I 

l^-Jl ' I Willi flit 3d IMiIt i! ill i i,. , 

* Stli i i •■' i i ii- -ii m*n ntrn*. -^ii i 

limiL ;h lirjJljtfi ii tlif ft'ln!iin .In ■ »i |)n V| 

il.. I wMi \ it n.ii.l Id i.ih ,n I*,, 
I In ( iMtfn'fffl ri'l ' t I ii 

mr( 1 4 1 1 mi- iii.i . P*>}iifn] .(■. i 
r m * m,^ri »lrai|iiW| I hi -i *N|im- nl lln I 
A|tt"iuy wvn* iiviVfinii'ly n< m1|* unl i H . 
.< i ■ ..mim tin ril ; " 

Tin? wilt i* Itki v i ' ill'.' tm/iunilh i 
i 1 1 . I ■ . i S* i' ii 1 

I nir. h in ilia ■ I;. -1 1 1' i il* ■ n in ,.k, |i 

Cllllltn WnXtttMfltl 

Irlli r !-■ IVilin MilliMvl N ■ i I 

li| I Im 1 rk-.-in. • . i 'I Mn Ii n . m I'.il. I . ' 

II' [< :i> ii| tui i-tirl.V \in\n\. I.i t*MIJir In nil 
th full 4 vti H1 of ih. t|j^<tly ^lljili !ki> 
I •■« i 1 1 -< -I, Till 1 nMiHir! \m* Iml 

rtiirtcil. I i m. « 'ill 1 1 hi. it^ I ii. r hi rt^im i Kk-h. 
Iin- 4 a ii ni nF iU pin- lilr ^| m-^il I- mil :i* M- 
kiiumi. Hul \\\t- [ih^h\\ i^liii-h lui I.-, iijik ii 

tin il illniliH ill |Mu|i|i' 111 lln- Hjir p hii* _|* ■„. I dji 
| ■„ ' .-.IHI,iKHI Ji-vih in LViliiml mil (In HiliN.ihMI 
Ii * II! ' Ml .1 III- |>"-i rili i. W -H 111 ■ 

rM-ritJy |^pAl t-i d«fy rli*- iiiiu^iii:iliiili :Hm5 ^ ir 
tiw >liv|i tvyni|i3il1ty (if I In -m- wlltl Btil 

mt*rty t justice wwl th p •■■ -in-iiim i4 thf^Vik. 

SMrnlv twxr in hi' lis l^l'ir Ihllii- 
.sUilJ ttiCiiili.Ht I'i'ImiuL IIcit I bin i ZinJi -r, J fsiik- 

jn^ lilliinil ii iln IViiihiLiuiMLi Minwlr^, t'w- 
^I llULy t wl , HnHJtiiitig Lu a ttUjmUh bv ili> Ji^i^d 
l mpl i* i -i-y, ih h\* f-^iL r-niiilnl "Jii.Ii n 

I clef \V.-1lkrinf, Hp 1 ln*t tmr nr \hr wvrih 

whi lr ri^uhv i if 1 1n- reuniiiif ym\tI\ uiir w niiM U 

mid (i-iiirnl Knri'f w- Oihir waritinei -i lib 

im ili-i i-lui ran r. i 'mi.. Kim ultvrvd Kv N.iv.1 

ni'iriliU .ill) I I -il'' i [ <u% f ■ i| || h | U |-,' m >i ,*|-,| I 

Ii»l:iy. ImnfliiriU Elf I In- ScVfUh |> -pultil iin 
in lNibmil || ui.Lr \:i?.i OCfUfialifi [fvptl tin 4 
ilii.iUHLil ili^iHlrlti^ Tr-iiii tlir unr Trinl in- 
*li:ili Ihtil I In- Jtwi tt.ri il. Iwofiitcl *irlilii 
I M' M«l lmlr.'4 mn J rotaUnUttfl ' r-.i ..-. cilbi-tti 
qf l'i I.mkI ami M'ri.inily. u Jtcwi TL \ ' 

Iir. |^.i-!ki.ifu Im:i.-Ii i.r ■ rv ^ f. vi-n '^ly .,| n .. , 
iImM. lii drive i u<-lm- U'Ihiiii tin- Jrwn 
ami \\w l*ilr> In Inn vl it h il^ *t I ]in|ii \\ |mh- 
lied lt.ii.-i the li.iviiliii.-, ■ ■ M.iiM-iiriiL Xrtxi 

pfl ;-.^41Ip]ji JlLLilnjiK I ivirtcv |iv P --li- ittHi 

liM-ir evemv is lli. J. ^ nJ ti..i tlti' Vhw -j-i, . 
rer \t i L nin« inm. M u cflurt i> maiji in 
ptjrlt-ay iKr iVilihli i-ivilinn iist^tiin, ,i- Rtrin- 
■ uhi^ r i ■ h 1 1 ■ 1 1 > fr.tir" JffWlt, in ,.|,|,.| i,. jnd^y 
fmntlW rrlttliit; in .m.l k lKlJ | |1 M l„rn.,. 

galdien sad ri\ po^ul^tiutt 1.. m. p* rHj^rtful 

Vts. b>i h|ut jM Uijuluirilin, nl- , : | h . 4i^lh I 
hmvc- liprti diivctoH in mmj * ..-< - ii in Jcwiah 

i|unrtrr- P> I -I. ,h*** km n- iluir vrrv 
tiditance j- «! ^in-k*- iri thh *ar. Fur tin- port 

i>f FiiliiUi.1, urru|HiiJ bjP I J Li* Njikis, tlirr* UuiV In* 

:i [IllfifWl ^I.VlTIII?H-llL SI. ■, :,k -' ' . jh .'• 

ijiatik 1 '' in f'lrtunt'. J''*»r Jrwn tU-i«- i> I ■ ■. ■ i ii I , 


7i4e %/oW ^oftk &* 

Bdiind rhe Scenes Ol World Ccn! 
Lies An Explanation For A Horrified Humanitv 


;r..m .1 * i Hi' in v- a .i >| a\ n,bi mn I i 

In limiii^i until I in- i>i:t' 'li'.ik i I Ih'Nlihlhx 

Il -.'..i^ i-'. Iniil fri-rn llir ut1,r«rii-i-- KH(I urlnui- 

..i ih,- ThI.-imI Miittafr, Mi M. ii-.»li-i Mn - 

I> nwr-1. < I'll t In- tlriltdl nun, n« -ui- ilr- 

i mi t| In [Mi inffi . it'. t*1 'In 'in ci - 'I i ■ 

in 1 1n W I it I'iijiiT, hi nl I* l.n-ak lli i - - . .. 
..'' iln- .li-\<iUii ri-liili nl U HlW *IW n-ll'lri: 

in ikw ,ii,|vikii ik --i ,i.ui-,n mimignttinn into 

IM^l i, I n i^ lib,' *Lv m ml? 

tJH -li,r |. 1039, -i- I id - li«i<" i lui lltr inn- 

lUtllCMM Rtmun «if "ilti'ii;il" iiiiuii^rji'iMi -I <!■ r- 

Hi id ;in I iillni n-liiwfi'^. JoVM "i-li Im-jitIi mi I 

bl lln :nil'lii-« llf th* TP|Xllt (if tbl l.i-IH "t 

|'\ in in lit \Li.»LMh- * 'i .■nun-- ►!« 

r-nr ^ wIiiim M^i-i Ivrs ill ii-"l ll"- 

Whke 1* ni--i- jin iiumtelakflbli violntuin 'l ill- 

tiTHlK *if ihf M;ii!ibtr. Ill (In- iiii-Hiiliiiii . ill> ii- 
li .ii rii- BfaifUll In <n -|if%;i wln*R lln TwttljT* 
Plrrt llii'iitiiJil WiirM Zintr- 1 I i • 

"|-< nil 'll |Afg l"l 10. 

Tin - ("ofl^n^' III' I IHI'IlT lit*- I I". i 'l M-' 

tflauck c4 w*r, ■• circtinwtnnci whrffc nirtiniirt*il 
I«mIi the pmwiluR 1 iiml Uu 1 ■■ i u • ■■ i*i Lln juHixm*^ 
ai.4 t|i»cttfiitHts IW.uisi' 1 1 tln k tiiur^i'iH^ 1 
-it i.iii.ii. h Ziim^iu, rlwtbiia w«w ii"t lu-lil in 
ji iiuriil'i - if & Mn'ni--. Tflc l«b*i 
itnmfdv n j.i'i ^-ii 4 nl i- i- ::i! iml id eanliiian 

■■■I 1 1 i lib Ck'tteTfti Tt n|* > I 

■lii fttvnriiwtfd tin- acvnc in qiilci uf nttiui itt> 

nl- The tiiiijiir itifH<tvhr-r-H wiiich Itjiii 

tcctnkd ;iH ptwp linra mnfed j<In t i .:.. lypi 

l.l.l! l|| _.l .. 

iil-i',.s -...I nil In-L.tnlm- 

HU (111' I'ali --ilMi |li'Ni"^ 

Til IVi-in Miiii^ti r i *|in -„-i 
hi- tiici (iriiMr n| ill - iilTr 

r . ii 

iliffi r<-i ii - ri 

I lii-< km i H 
"J"! up 

I I . I -.Vi | ,-... | HI I : ill ^1 

Sltlil tl.. .h H i ri lis |>l -|h I I II i 

miivriiutil fur \hv iinmniieiilHii 

| I of Hi' 

.-mii.tri wjr, till fir>t ".1r|. in lln- Im .. i t|i i| ■ 

mull Tbi* iii,ilkil ||m rx|w S iirin^i Hi 

M W»T r I rilli ii ill hHil Knl: i ri''ln 
utistil a in."li-ir, .t (mu r ■ ith i I r-"l' 

TTif n-iu!l ^:i- Ik »l Mini mwrnl ■ tl 

|.,,,r f.pilii-y |l I i |- -i i • ln.'il in lli 
Wmk - 't i lli ^-ir liry;iii P ll >h ■ I" 

■ i- n .i|h'iim witli un v>- i- ir- i 
I , \r iU*, ii*i, ritrlifrv I il * rri 
I-, im .|.,-uii..^ with the i)< in. « -» :• - Wil 
i in" pi I-- . 1 1. iml in tlie I iKt^n 'i P 

lli- "111. .. 'm..(I|*1'. ■ - .it ".lllrll i-li • 
. -|-|*l .n-- ■ 

Thi rt-ftttflrr prnWtra ws il IwmL i 

[i.i^I »i\ vi. -I*, Ii.' |. •-.■ Jt hrni in- i ' 

\\ , .,i i*. ! . . | r u * a wi n m«Ji '■' 

i . i | Li I 1. 1 Hn ini< Uunpar; . R 

I il in. i . I itviji. In Wtwt IMtft* '■ 

in k ;ii .. i .i sHu*tion il iTniifttsiht j. i ■ .I. - - Ui ■ svi <■ 

\hi.^ im-ii .ml women paw • 

HiTi|ii.-.i 'ii Un- urmyj hit* n Lwltftlkm^ • 
ilotf ,v.ipk. Pf«wi turn 

Tk TMI gOI UN "i:s i 

7/?e Southern Israelite (GA) - November 28, 1939, page 4. 

Both The Jewish Criterion and The Southern Israelite lead with the almost verbatim explanation 
above each of their articles, that they have come to a special arrangement with the 
Contemporary Jewish Record (which first published the article in question). The Contemporary 
Jewish Record was published by the non -Zionist, but not anti -Zionist American Jewish 
Committee, whose former president Louis Marshall had stated on August 6, 1919 (see No. 45 in 
our list): 

"Let me say to you candidly and in all solemnity that Jewry abroad is tottering on the 
brink. The lives of some six million people are at stake." 

But, to the specific claim in the article: 

Two months prior to Germany's invasion of Poland, a Nazi named Hans Ziegler, published a book 
entitled Juden und der Weltkrieg (Jews and the World War), and in it, he had written that one 
of the worth-while results of the coming world war, would be the annihilation of the six million 
Jews in East and Central Europe. According to the Jewish Telegraphic Agency anyway. 

The archives of the Jewish Telegraphic Agency (JTA), an international news agency, are online, 
at least a searchable archive in English is. Whether there are archives in other languages, which 
presumably there are, and the ambiguously cited article appears amongst them, I do not know. 
But this story certainly does not appear in the English archives. I performed at least 10 separate 
searches, using different words or names from the Contemporary Jewish Record claim, all 
without any positive results. 

The Nazi referred to by the Contemporary Jewish Record, Herr Hans Ziegler, is almost certainly 
Dr. Hans Severus Ziegler (1893 - 1978) a writer and teacher, who had joined the NSDAP in 1925, 
and in 1936 was appointed as the artistic director of the city of Weimar's theatre. His most 
notable work was the "Degenerate Music" exhibition in Dusseldorf during 1938, from which the 
above poster-which features his name upon it— is infamous. 

Dr. Hans Severus Ziegler did write several books and papers, many of which were written after 
war. The online records of the German National Library, lists twenty-three articles by, or 
about Dr. Hans Severus Ziegler, but a book entitled Juden und der Weltkrieg (Jews and the 
World War) is not amongst them. 


rpldJ A. TltHllfeli 

I ■ ■ 

There is a book entitled Die Juden im Weltkrieg, or often listed as Die Juden und der 
Weltkrieg (The Jews in[/and] the the World War), but it was published in 1916. It was written 
by Felix A. Theilhaber (pictured above), who served as a physician in the German army during 
World War I. He went on to also publish Judische Flieger im Kriege (Jewish Flyers in the War) in 
1919, in which he gave accounts of over one hundred Jewish military pilots who flew for 
Germany during the Great War. Theilhader's writings were in the defence of German-Jews, to 
counter accusations that they had been a traitorous element in Germany during World War I. 

In 1914 Theilhader founded, and became the chairman of Gesex (The Society of Sexual Reform) 
a group of medical professional which, according to his son, sought to have the laws prohibiting 
abortion and contraception overturned, and laws on obscenity, paedophilia, exhibitionism, 
homosexuality and adultery reformed. For his involvement with this group, he and fifty other 
physicians were arrested by the Gestapo in May 1933. When released two months later, he 
emigrated to Palestine, where he co-founded the Maccabi Health Care Service. He died in 1956 
in Tel Aviv. 


Dr. Hans Severus Ziegler never wrote a book called Juden und der Weltkrieg, about the coming 
world war and the annihilation of 6,000,000 Jews. The author(s) of this propaganda article 
distributed by the American Jewish Committee, simply lied. 

No. 155, October 1939 

Soviet-Nazi Accord 
Adds to Jewish Woes; 
Zionist Speaker Says 

, Palestine has acquired added im- 
portance as a homeland for Jews 

since the Soviet-Nazi pact, accord- 
ing to Samuel Bron check of New 
York City, member of the execu- 
tive committee of the American 
Congrats, in a sp**ch here. 

Addressing the first conference of 
the Syracuse Labor Zionist organ- 
izations In the Jewish National 
Folk School last night; he pointed 
out that the pact, affects between 
8,000,000 and 9,000.000 European 
Jews, an d that In Polan d alone 
there ,ar<* | who are 

now subject to Hitler's persecution 
or Statin's "communlzlng.* 1 

This situation add* to the re- 
sponsibility of Zionists in building 
Up Palestine as a homeland for 
(jersecuted Jews of all lands, he 

"... in Poland alone there are 6,000,000 Jews who are now subject to Hitler's 
persecution or Stalin's "communizing."" 

Syracuse Herald-Journal, October 30, 1939, page 15. 

No. 156, January 1940 


Homeland of Jew Is 
Being Reestablished, 
Says Dr, Tannebbaum 

Observations dvpl' a period ol 
five years spent in. Palestine were 
recounted on the WortJi Jowa 
Forum over KGL£> Friday eve- 
ning by DiividTannenbrmin,traris- 
fonlmenlal leclLtL-ca> as he told his 
UsUmora Uml ft new Jerusalem 
was unfolding gradually m Pal- 
estine, tlie country tiiaL 15 being 
re- established *i the homeland of 
th*? Jewish people 

"Ian loss Ihivn 2G years/ J said the 
speaker, ^tlic; city of Jerusalem 
has giiiivn fiTHn a population of 
ah out 4Q\tJ0D to one ul 110,000, of 
wllitli about Gfl^DQ arc Jews. 
"And this eoDiritet of old aj&fl 
new 1$ found in every vomer of 
|J« (lliif. Kore you see (he jLrfcb 
SiiH plOU^llin^ Ijy yoking his OX 
or bis c^mel and Iijs dtonKey to 
an Ancienit pJw.. . . .And there 
you 3i h c Uie yrtunjsr Jewish 
firmer, driving hts Iraelot and 
plowing liis furrow deep and 

"litre you see an ancient tluesti- 
]jis floor on flrtch the Arab's 
oxtn so uound and round to thresh 
the sparsely grown wheat. And « 
IiLMe vay on you S££ the ydiing 1 
j£v;Ui] farmer, boy and girl, driv- 
ing a modern combine " 

Mr, T^nuenbmtfn Mr&ssed 11i^t 
Palestine offered the only solution. 
to the sls million Jews who are 
homeless, ^vc^<3e^illg l , starving and 
*icU in {jonthtl pnrt eastern Europe 

* * * 

"Where shall they go?" he: 
ji.sked, odding 1 ihat the United 
States has freely admitted those 
fexv thousands It could in accord- 
ance with the ]aivs passed try 
ccngrtd^- and th«il somtr other 
counties atso have helped, 

"But we s;iy r 13 ponUaaiied (he 
speaker, "thai the solution lies in 
opening wide tlie doOis of Pal- 
estine . . _ lo build anew thnt de- 
vested land, to build so that the 
piophetic visiion tni^rht be roatCsEdl 
in our day* . - /' 

iKff. Tamienbaucn, on a kcture* 
tour ^-pfinfored by the Jevdsh Ka^ 
tional Fund, spake Id a public 
gathering at the Adas Israel syna- 
&&g in Mason City alter making- 
tht radio talk Friday night. 

"Mr. Tannenbaum stressed that Palestine offered the only solution to the six 
million Jews who are homeless, starving and sick in central and eastern Europe 

Mason City Globe Gazette (IA), January 20, 1940, page 16. 

No. 157, January 1940 

rROB&enT of xim jew 

The predlc&mont or the J&ws 
prows more acute wiUi continua- 
tion of the Wftr In Europe. The 
problem Is not one for the Jewish 
people alone, but one which ^Jvfis 
concern to the people of most of 
the civilized nations which hnve 
attained a high degree of human h 
tartan sentiment. 

Jewish lenders- who have return- 
ed recently from Euiopc view oon- 
ditloiiB. there as growing more 
acute, They declare a* million He- 
brewsj under GfrmRti domination 
will tit starved to death or be kUU 
ed wlthjzi the next twelv&inonth if 
the present ilntc or ^ffei^rs la per- 
mittEd to continue. Opinion was 
expressed by the same leaders that 
two null lion other Jews In German- 
controlled tvrrlbtny would be re- 

duced to fl life of complete misery 
unless rfleans are provided for 
their escape through emigration-. 

At the present time six million 
peopTo at Hobrew oloud ar-e held 
In prisons or concentration enmpi 
In central EuropE and an. addl- 
tJonal three mnilon in, Tftiissla are 
(Ming denied the living of normal 
Mves «tid the- right -of religious 

[lytts Eitid the right of religious 

Widespread pergeention of the 
J^ws hits become a dtsgraee tD 
somE^ ftr the nations which naftB-t 
of Intelligence superior to tliat of 
the peoples Df other nations. Ill 
Germany and In a few of the 
smaller states of Europe people of 
Hebrew blood are not treated as 

human beings. Hitler's Is fl Cflm- 
pulen of racial extermination un- 
der the delusion that ho can build 
a super race. Mere bunk, of, 
The Jews In Germany have held 
leadership In science, Including? 
law and rncdtetrrc, and Inventive 
genius, Mirny times since the &tart. 
of the war Hitler and his I leu ten- 
nnfcs have missed the genius of the 
Jew and has liad reason to regret 
his pur^o wns mfidc so Inclusive. 
Servicer of the Jew have been 
needed baclc Of the battle hneH if 
not in the forefront of the fteht- 

Bnmf- day. ^mehow, the Jew 
m&y come back iritD hLi own. At 
the moment hia re-establlahment 
appears to be far off, — Marshall - 
town Times -"Republican. 

"At the present time six million people of Hebrew blood are held in prisons or 
concentration camps in central Europe and an additional three million in Russia 
are denied the living of normal lives and the right of religious freedom." 

The Jefferson Bee (IA), January 23, 1940, page 2. 

No. 158, May 1940 

Levtarvr is Visitor 
To Chattanooga 

"In Hie kinii hlftcr? p( J*wi<h 
n>:n i\i ijnm, uiif prjp.;c ha* never 
- si. lirutol 4ii id r-jy powerful, 
jiii rr.i-rny n* in Ihi TwnnltcUk CVn 
!ur^." old Rnbbi Fwoti K*tpc 
of New V irk City; irbeo bevisli- 
cd Chaitjmaagn la<t wet "Alnitirt 
mx ti . Lib: n jewi &nH ih. 
ui! ( J if Lirlnk of sLflrvblioci ami 
1<t i-i '.-!!■ !i Their only tinp* 

lllJ - ' |,1 r :> Jcwt of Amir 

1 m. Tile n. 

tta^ LIhi'imI Jtnvisli Appeal 

rm.ui* Uwu ',n-" 
R*bbt II aJfirrn. wh*i » ;« merca- 
t»J 11 ■ lot Lure *lalT ..I thiv in\ 

ftn hijre Id ciddreds vuritt* group* 
n f iKe t\ty, He It ft WedneidLiji lor 
Ni*hviUc 4 Tern During Ihe la.41 
six y*:ir* k EUbbi Halpcm Bmlrt 
quit* Cmiurqtly thr^uflh Europe, 
Pttntiiir tmd the Orim*. Mi? re- 
turned from Eurqpt U*\ jtw juil 
before v»t brok* out. 

V c 

"Almost six million Jews find themselves on the brink of starvation and 
extermination. Their only hope is the help which the Jews of America can extend 
to them. The success of the United Jewish Appeal will determine their fate." 

The Southern Israelite (GA), May 3, 1940, page 8. 

No. 159, May 1940 

Robert Schiff Heads 1940 
United Jewish Fund Drive 

H »li i-rl W. flrhlff 

Facmc n year cxp*c<ed Id In its miwini (D fh« ul- 
m* s «, tl, e Umf*| J fiwish rulld n , Colons win offkUIJ, 
«pon the MO co^paisn on Tuc 5 d«y r June It, with Bob*ri 
w. Si C hiff f prominent business executive, heading (he drive 
n IWral chairman. Annnnucement of Mr. Schiffs ,»- 
pain meni wu made this week by Edwin J. Schanierber 
Prcslde.l of the Fund nx^tarfi.. during the p"l f^ 
■ccn years. 

The United Fund eh*.™*,! will have tfr e asaiat . o. sucTj capable vice chairmen a* i. W. Q Qrc k Raich 

Roberi We,ler. Already for (he post few week, lh w 
men h^e been busily encased in farmtitatinf p ] ftna fftr 
thifl forthcoming fund raising effort. 

Olher itnportflnt head* who Have accepted pn s u In 
Ihis > CBrS eampiiiifn ore, Mrs. Alfred Kobacker, Wo-W S 
Dfrb.«; Wa M cr S * r()mt c h fl irm flB <rf the Speakers 
H»ren W; fl „d Dr, Don Shim*r*, B n h J H „ iM Div-sU™ 

fn acrppting Lftf ihairmcmshlp 
<if this year 4 H United Jewish 


Fund Canipjilpji, Mr. Schiff La, 
sued the rulrowlJip; 34atement id 
Columbus Jewry:— . 

"Over six million Jews in cen 
lraJ and Eastern Europe are 
faced with great danger of anni- 
hilation aa the result of the 
sweep of wa^ .and .' oppression. 
An.: increaseo;. i cjuntii ,;. D v ^f - ■ lait 


oor communis for a number of 
yeara r has had Utile time irj de- 
vote in active participation of 
both local and national movfr 
men is. HEa conmhuUonH, bow. 
ever, to all worthy causes have 
more than offset this handicap' 
Mr. Sehlrf began his career 
as a shoe salesman In im& t and 
whhln, feur yeata cad reached 
mhe^ PPM j -itftito" 

war fliifferera' overseas, and as 
l iffWlW i to enrigrc-a coming t*>. 
Che United States. 

Jewteh Jjfe In Europe Is fee- 
ed wlUi a 'blackout' Jn the grim 
meet sense of the wor<i r This 
places upon every community 
In America the greatest respon- 
sibility since the first World 
Wnr created a widespread 
emergency relief problem 

l am calling upon the^Coium 
tiL.4 Jewish comin unity to estab- 
lish a new standard of generD- 
sHy Jn ihe campaign which win 
open Tuesday. June 91, in order 
thai the un predion red emer- 
gency In Jewish life may be met 
through large-scale efforts. 

Rea Using full well thai a ire 

TnendOuJi responsibility rests 

upon ilie General Chairman In 
attempting to rai:4e ihe toigeat 
quota ever nj?kerl nf ihh com- 
munity, l am confident that 
with the cooperation of my Vice 
Chairmen. committee heads and 
workers, local Jewry will ans- 
wer i he challenge of the times 
4b j t has always dune " 
Robeil W. Br hilt 
Robert Rchlff. although a well 
known public- spirited citizen in 

zjtf ntedUan f . Trie; Schlf f Co:,; vfiih '- 
genera J i offices located 6t 35 r N^ 
Fourth Si. The firm to-day 1h 
fthe tfiirri largest finoe Chain 
with approjrimateJy 2ff? stores 
from. cgai?t to coast and over 
1500 employees. 

Among the familiar persoitaJi- 
Lies in oor mjdst who played an 
Important pan in the success- 
tUI SchlH entBrprlsc are Albert 
Schiff, 23flD Brycfen Rd T Bdorrla 
Sch.ff. 63 S r Casftarjy Ave., WIJ. 
iiam gthlff. 211 3, Cassingham 
Rd. t Jack Schiff. 2717 Fair Ave,, 
Saul Schiff. 353U Maryland Ave 
Edw, Schiff, iaa5 Franklin Pk. 
S.. Earl Coplon, Jule Mark, 2BT2 
Fair Ave, and Abe Jacoh&On, 
^21 S Cnssingham Rd. 

li.V his gen laky, his k indite.™ 
and nils thoroughgolne loyally, 
Rnhert Schiff has endieared 
hirnsarr io thousands here and, 
thruout the state. Tlie Ohio 
Jewish ChitjnicJe deiilreq io 
commend Lhe local tcadershdp In 
their choice of this year's cam- 
pajgn head. It assures him 
every cooperation in conveying 
the weekly message to our pea 
Pie in Lhls, lhe greatest of ah 
human Harlan efforts. 

"Over six million Jews in Central and Eastern Europe are faced with great danger 
of annihilation as the result of the sweep of war and oppression." 

Ohio Jewish Chronicle, May 17, 1940, page 1. 

Claimed Robert W. Schiff, chairman of the United Jewish Fund of Columbus. This is Mr. Schiff's 
first appearance in our list, but not his last. 

No. 160, June 1940 



^^ — i — i — m — j 

New Yorle, June 25,— UP)— Dr. 
Nahum. Goldmann, administrative 
committee chairman of the World 
Jewish. Congress, said yesterday 
that, if the nazis should achieve fi- 
nal victory, "6,000,000 Jews in 
Europe are doomed to destruction." 

He called upon United States 
Jewry to take leadership in mo- 
bilizing- Jewa In North and South 
America for an organized defense 

Joplin News Herald 


NEW YORK, June 24.— VP'— 
Dr. Nahum Goldmani., administra- 
tive committee chairman of the 
World Jewish Congress, said today 
that if the Nazis should achieve 
final victory "6.rmo,000 Jews in 
Europe are doomed to destruc- 

'Their only hope for future ex- 
istence lies in the ability of Great 
Britain to resist the Nazi con- 
quest." declared Dr. Goldmann. 
who arrived here Friday from Ge- 

He issued a statement calling 
upon United States Jewry to take 
leadership in mobilizing Jews in 
North and South America for an 
organized defense program. 

Palm Beach Post 

"... if the Nazis should achieve final victory, "6,000,000 Jews in Europe are 
doomed to destruction."" 

Claimed Nahum Goldman, Administrative Chairman of the World Jewish Congress, as quoted in the Joplin News 
Herald (MO), June 25, 1940, page 3, and in The Palm Beach Post (FL), June 25, 1940, page 6. This quote from 
Nahum Goldman also appears in The New York Times, June 25, 1940. 

This is Nahum Goldman's first appearance in our list, but not his last. 

No. 161, June 1940 

Council Head Appeals 
For Support Of Fund 
Campaign Effort 


toy Mrw. M. f* toltfman. Pit*, 
Cornirll ft! Jr^vlflb Womtn 

When the second issue of 
The Council Woman reaches 
Council of Jewish Women mom 
hers, you will: probably be con- 
duct in« in your community a 
campaign to raiac funds for The 
United Jewfah Appeal of jsho. 
Because wc hope lo develop to 
'ms maga zl no <i policy or himJ]- 
larhdng our tHdtm ^ith broad" 
natlonji] and International pro, 
Ktams, and hi iUfft demonstrate 
where our Council program flu 
mto the general pattern, U 
seems togtral to diftcu&a at this 
time the great need for raising 
money in this country to order 
to alleviate In some small meas- 
ure the untold hardship* which 
the Jews of Centra] Europe are 

The lives of «fr million Jewa 
have been uprooted by the pay. 
fihopathlc, political ambitions i of 
totaNidrian leaders. There is 
a crying need to feed, house and 
clothe these unfortunates who 
through no fault or their own 
Find themselves thrown upon 
the mercy of our sympathy and 1 

Th* leaders ttf your commun- 
ity are baking for you to con 

tritium financially as generous 
Jr and unstlntlngjy aa you have 
^J^qf .y tittr. . sympathy . to the 

found their way* to Palestine; 
atid to those who are about to) 
become new Americana. Dur- 
ing these day? of despondency 
am* chaos, k la a privilege to be; 
one of those who gives rather 
than one who must receive. 

Ifl addition to giving money 
which facilitates ihe care of the 
Physics! needs of the human 
body, which provides for them 
rood, clothes and the shelter 
neceE&ary for the maintenance 
of life, further service to these 
unfortunate* la equally Import 
ant, for life Itself is almost 
worthier without the adum- 
ment of the spirit and the re- 
awakening of ones soul 

The National Council of Jew 
ish Women for a period at al- 
most fifty years has been keen- 
ly conscious of the importance 
'of the social adjustment of the 
, Immigrant eo his new environ- 
menl- that adjustment which 
uot only physically but psyche 
logically changes a foreigner 
Into a citijcen of the United 
States- Education, recreation 
assistance In domestic activities' 
Duyc 1 10 1 Ofcy ii v I c *. ri pi r L Luu ! 
guidance, social orlenunlon^nll 
of these adustments are as nec- 
e«Hary bs food or a job- 

Therefore, at the same time 
that we urge you to give as 
generously as possible of your 
finances to the United Jewish 
Appeal, we ask you to give of 
your personal service through 
the National Council of Jewish 
Women, both through the na- 
tional program and in your 
local section, to the social adjust- 
ment of the new emigre, 

"The lives of six million Jews have been uprooted by the psychopathic, political 
ambitions of totalitarian leaders." 

Ohio Jewish Chronicle, June 28, 1940, page 1. 

No. 162, July 1940 

jgj: nncTi ons 

Sl'CH is the menace of tfarsm 
that it is not likely thsit any 
of the Jews of Bes-sarabhi and Buko- 
vtna will have atlempted to ftcc from 
t h ose 1 2 u ss i a n oce u pied pr o vin eo a 
into the other part_q, of Rumania over 
which Hitler's shadow now looms so 
large. The Soviet regime is n^t a 
pleasant one, but as "'Pravda 1 ' has 
pain led out proudly, Jew-hatred has 
pot become a State creed under the 
L-.S.SR : on the w'lnlr, ihf J' i w is al 
leas; t rented the same as oihers in 
Russian territory' Another iWPnO 
Jews will now be cut off from their 
peoples a community in w-ihh 7on- 
1st senrirnent and lEiith rait u^ep 01 id 
whirh produrrd many active UuIJdpra 
of the Jewish National Home. tfovim 
Russia now rule* aa many Jews as 
**ver did che Ours - some six mil* 
lion* ih<? largest single tentorial 
group, nfier mrhirh L^m^a the Ame- 
rie;m rommi-n>uy< However, unn^ 
tain mav in* ihe fate of the .1- w-s 
un^er 3:n?Hia. ihey must be thank- 
Jul thai they have escaped the j*iwa 
oi the Nafci monster. Nor mu^l -ve 
despair rhar fl million Jews will 
for ever It^s^ Irfl^r oF their iii-s-n-it- 

Nu oho qiiile ntirfrtst find* 
T^-- |nin- tit 1 llftefit'l < KE 


jumped again- It has led to 3ome 
uneasiness been use fuel iw one of the 
!east things we wu afford to he 
without, So far from the terminus of 
the pipe line ut Haifa, and the re- 
fineries there, making this pretioija 
necessity cheaper, it has mzide no 
difference. It is said that oil prices 
are determined hy world trends, but 
there ought to be some advantage 
for the country rhrou^h which ii 
flows. Several Urg;e companies in 
Palestine are repneted to have com- 
plained at the nur easing cost of 
liquid fuel, wbieh ha* oWiped the 
P.E.C. to raise its prices for * lee trie- 
sly. The supply of one of the patent 
gases for cooking stoves has been 
suspended, a very awkward prpdj- 
cament for thoae usinp that type 
of cooker. On the other hand, we 
*wm lo he well off for imports of 
other essentia] commodities; lasi 
week lar^e eonsi^nm^Tit^ of wheat, 
hpirk-y, nee, nugiif and toffee ar- 
javed. Rnt with the fresh crisis in 
the 1 RaJkanti we mtipt expret farther 
restrictions of f>nr MfdUprranpnn 
trade 1 : the Humanirrn shipninjr seiv 
vice, which i;v?ss tttihoum'^ij as eon- 
Tinoinsj, has already hern wilh- 

THK verhiHirn rcporl nf the pr^ 
i-i^'ilhrt:s nf rHi T Insi Kit mini (Vm 

"Nor must we despair that six million Jews will forever lose trace of their historic 

The Palestine Post, July 1 , 1940, page 6. 

No. 163, February 1941 

Nazis Prepare Blueprint 
Of All World Enslaved 

Former Berlin, Writer Describes 
Total Control of Europe and 
Economic Hegemony in Americas 

TWs h another article In Willtct It, DtucVs "Where P«* 
Hitler Stand rfow 1 * scr)c5> ^n this uncensored stnry, written also 
uitbont fear of reprisal from any cen;*c-r* Mr + Deuel diycosarv 
"What Kind of n. World Will We Livs In Tf Hitler Wins." The 
writer, be*d"af ITic Chk-n^a T>cl]y 7s>vfa Berlin bureau for ttiQ last 
jtf.i ytnrii. baa just rOtam-cd. io khle ctvutry. tie la l»t icingr back" 
to Germany, 

By Wallace R, Deuel 

CHICAGO, riU FA, 4— Here is Adolf Hitler's blueprint ej dis- 
aster — of the disaster which will befall the iree "civilization of 
western JJurope And tt>e Un \ led Stales if Germany wins Lhe war- 
He re Is the na*i plan for the' " ~^ — ' - 

*iortft\ And here it what life t^MI 
b* like tor tut people of the eartn 
If Britain Js fceate n. 

Tlit nasi world structure will 
be ba5C& just as the victory which 
will have made It possible will b* 
baseu, on the alliance cf Germany, 
Icaly and Japan. 

Russia may or may not join the tinant will be "rtcoiLS'JixUroY' into 


Even France and England might 
jctn it* 


The retch will, of emirs*, rule 

If Lhe Italians or any other |m?o- 
p]e$ Are admitted to partnership 
ft* rulers, thrcy will obtain only 
junior^- very junior — partnerships. 
They ratty not bp Fin'miltwl fit Jilt. 

Some oC the other counLrk-n of 
Europe the relch w]|L rule openly, 
as It l-t already TUllrtE Poland. 

Others Lt will rule through local 
puppet nftil regimes of tho strip & 
t>£ the Quisling party jn Norway 
and Lhe Mussert bund in TtoJIand, 

Europe into a single, regional ecen* 

Germany will nave a monopoly, 
or a virtual monopoly, ol lin&noe, 
trad> T ihipjpinif. heavy industry, the 
na arm factuce Cand bearing oC 
aim*, and of the press, the radio 
and aD communications, 

Centered in Berlin 

The roads and rail ways ol the 
continent will be cantered and con- 
trolSed front Berlin, 

Thnrc will be no age for paid in 
this regional *conomy unless and 
until the nulla might get ianae- of 
It from somewhere- olsc-, 

man mark will be the dominating 
tr&Trency, at a rate of exchange 
against other cvrrencies Ctxed P nat- 
urally, by tlia- nazfo^ 

Customs unions will be set up 
W]lh such of the countries! of Eu- 
rope ns nsv* stanriarns of tlvtnjr 
hJeher than that whlcn previously 
obtained in the retch, 

Thi^ will naturally cause the 
higher standards to aittk to thai 
in Germany- 

Prk* levels will be manipulated 
bo as to adjust the levels Hie nazls. 
consider desirable. The German 
standard will, 01 course, be lhe 


Kole of Other N»tEvns 
The other nations cf the e»A- 

colonic i :cr tiic rcl^A. They wPL 
r-Tcvide raw mattrjnlc., ^larkcts, a. 
cheap labor sucjply + army, navy 
nod air bucs, and good ^averiun^ 
Jobw for the nnzls. 

£norinoui numbers cJC wotkma.n 
will be shipped Into Germany Irflrn 
these countries, some- to do sea- 
sonal \tforlt and some for indefinite 

This wis I itnvc (he "extra, ad^an- 
tae*. t"om Lnc r.LHJ point 01 view, 
that tho man of tba eubioct pao- 
ples will fcc stp&ratid from tha 
womia for lon^ periods of time* 
v--jiizii wLJ; ccrva to break up faro.- 
i:ie£ nrd icd'jca the birth rate ont- 
lide the relch. 

The eooncmic blac which the 

Th# nasls will maKe this new n ai j t w ii[ grawta OUl 0* all Europe 

will trade w a sJngle unit with 
all the rest of th& world. 

Nail agents will (a into world 
marheU to buy and sell in Lhh 
name of the entire continent, with 
all lis power bath to buy and to 

At the same Umc h the naiis will 
refuse to- do business with any oth- 
er regional economic bloc 

It will decline* for example, to 
buy from or ieH to any LaAin. 
American, blac* to say nothing al 
any bloc. Including both Latin 
America ana ths United States 

Each Individual firm, in thfl rest 
PvndJni? such a time, the Cer- of the world; in ether woios, wEl 

have to bargain with the combined, 
united buying and selling powzz 
of all Europe, wielded by the nazis* 

And tho nMir will elso-Jhave the 
Tn^litarj' and political power to 
farce Europe to deal thla way. 
■whereas no other power on earth 
can iorce another continent to ac- 
cept the privations antf tbt «bI- 
mentation necessnry to do so, 

"After lhe victorious conclusion 
of the war* we shall use the same: 

methods In economic policy that 
hav* brought about the cront tuo-' 
nomfc SiUcCciicB of tho prewar pe* 
rlod, a-nd mo-re parties l&jly those 
ol tlu war ltsa]f/ J D r+ WaUher 
Funl< t nasi president of, the tekhs- 
hani^ and minister ol economicBi 
haA publicly stats d. 

Nobody could ask Jfc>c a fairer 

Cultural Control 

Morally, religiously, socially and 
polled caUyt Europe will also be 
forced Into a single bloc r equally 
nai&l In character. 

Jews wUl bt- rounded up, and 
on a hate-hour or dC^mLnuto n&- 
H0C+ loaded mtu trains and shipped 
off to tonr-^jHriaLicin eamp& 

I-atep, the survivors will aH be 
sent to whatever "reserve.tion/* the 
nasls finally decide to sot up— 
all six million o£ Eitropo^ J^ws, 

Alt others whom the no^is die- 
tike- or distrust, or v/hcae -^.c\ycziY 
or wives or naii^hi-ri ih-v -^ant 
Yor themselves, will also be liqui- 
dated In whatever ways seem, most 
erttcitnt and moat entertaining to 
the nails In charge ot thit mis* 

l-LtX3rnls h pastort, recaJcltrant 
pastors, labor unian leaders, bank 
presidents, the personal enemies 
of Individual naas, and scores of 
other ea-egGrles t)t tftt unrecoji- 
ftrtictBd or the .happy,.- 

The swasLtaa wiL gradually Te- 
| place the cross of a^urcpea 
churches, both literally and fGu- 
raUvely, as It has been doinp In 
Germany's own churches £or almost 
cipht yobrs. 

ChTtNtiairiBy Will Go 

Chrtstlanlty h ns tlit world now 
knows It. will go into those mod- 
ern catacombs, the concentration 
camps, on the continent, 

Labor unions and employ era" and 
manufacturers' associations alike 
will, of course,, disappear. In their 
places, the nazls will aet, up tabor 
ironta run by party agents. 

Eutflnesa men will sutler at least 
as much as Tabor Q-i ihey aiv/a>'s 
da under tascist rule. 

For Mme tllnc labor will at least 
have jobs at existence wages, which 
is all that millions oi workmen 
ever had. 

But capital will lose not only 
its ireedam, but sQso Its weelth. 
It will be loo late when this hap- 
pens, however* Tor the. business 
men lo da any thine; about il, 

RtphrieirtaUan will be applied to 
all Europe on Lines essentially the 
sanoe as those on which it has al- 
ready been made effective in Ger- 

Nasi* Will Bcaldei 

Tue -na?is will decide everything 
^or everybody. 

The nasi Europe will, e£ course^ 
rule Africa as welL i;t wlU also 
rul& the near east and reach Into 
the middle east,. 

JapiiTL will Ecn-;rf:l JV-s par "QSfi-t; 
I'jae GenTrEinc n: nd r.^F^Laly the Ital- 
Jans will Inherit a small purt ot 
I ho positions Lao while race boo 
tvoji in tiie i-crnoto PacUit 

T l'ho other white peoples wlU be 

The power oi this alliance w3H 
b? staggering* 

"Nazis Prepare Blueprint Of All World Enslaved ... Later, the survivors will all be 
sent to whatever "reservation" the Nazis finally decide to set up-all six million of 
Europe's Jews." 

The Salt Lake Tribune (UT), February 5, 1941, page 2. 

No. 164, September 1941 

T?rw-\OOTrolf flfoc cal# * ur »l v « to the task which 

IXUUdCVCH V^lLCb Iiei bffor« us in order that all 

^^ ^ peoples may live ms equals/ 1 

allicf" 1 JlllQJ^ Thja theme keynoted similar ad* 

J LloL vflUoC drr. -.:■-■-:. by Mayor La Guardia* Gov. 

Ijfnnian, Secretary of Agriculture 

^ Wirkard and other public officials, 

Urges National Unity to wbo emphasized in Rash Haahaoah 

m menaces America's tradition of se- 

Win Tolerance, Peace, mm 7 and religious freedom* 

Rabbi Wwp warned that the world 

in M6SSa a e for JeWS mtuii not become wcairy p of h t?annR 

nf ihe plight o f the Je wn, adding 

Kew Vark p N. V. «B President i*i*t while only ^^« of 150,000 r 

^ . t u tlt^ * xr„««- **°Q persons Cftplive tc Adolf Hit- 

Knn^evelt, in a Jewish New Year a . K ¥ ^ . „ 

j- p_^>^.^ A » ^* ]pr are j fflRBflT their suffering must 

message Sunday called upon the na- be of conC ern to the whole world fac- 
tion 10 rededicate itself "to the task cause, he said : 

which hes before ua in order that all "HiUer has sought the d^truc- 

p^opks may Jive as equals" taon of the world not mcrly as an 

Hi? mess&se was read by Di% Stfc- *nd in itself, but as a means of 

r hen S, Wise, noted Jewish leader, treating division, confusion and in- 

jn a ijro&dcast sponsored by the ternai sixjfe within the ranks of 

Untied Jewish Appeal commemorate men and women who would other- 

inp ine opening of thi? year 5102 in wise stand united and strong against 

tn* 1 Hebrew calendar. his assault."' 

The text of the president'* mea- Dr Wise expressed hope that In 

aapr the new year "our Christian neigh- 

-At thi* ira^ic hour In modern bors would reeo^jze "that the as- 

rlv.iKiiLion.J eKtrnd tothcJewlflh s&'Jh upon the Jews or any other 

people of America my sincere ratial tfroup represents a smoke- 

preetings for the new year r in erreen far a mui/h more concerted 

|_he confident hope that the tem- tuiack upon all of Lhe institutions 

porary darkness which appears to of democracy and freedom," 

encompass the world shall not ex- Imposition of recent restriction 

tmguash the light of liberty and upon their racial brethren abroad 

the blessings of peace and free* maddened the usually gay holiday 

dnm Accordingly, with a united festivities in New York, where live 

devotion to Lhe jtist cause of tol- more Jews than dwell in the Palea- 

erance and peace T tve must rededi- tine homeland. 

"Rabbi Wise warned that the world must not become weary of hearing of the 

plight of the Jews, adding that while only 6,000,000 of 150,000,000 person captive 
to Adolf Hitler are Jews, their suffering must be of concern to the whole world ..." 

The Milwaukee Journal (Wl), September 22, 1941, page 6. 

Rabbi Stephen S. Wise once again, he made the 6,000,000 claims in numbers in our list 

No. 165, November 1941 


The Jewish Criterion 

November 28. 1941 

6,000,000 Jews in Europe Look to America 
for Aid, Says Warburg 

Fully six mlltton Jews In Europe, 
facing the rigor* of a foodie." ar.d 
fuelles* winter, look to American 
Jew* as the only* source of help. Ed- 
ward M. M. Warburg, of New York, 
chairman of the Joint Distribution 
Committer, declared In a recent Itiler- 

"The J.D.C. la maintaining major 
relief programs In Poland, Germany* 
Franc* anil 17 other European coun. 
trie*/ 1 Mr, Warburg said. "In Pol- 
and, though It* available funds are 
far too meagre to meet the terrible 
needs, the J.D.C. supports a wide* 
spread network of feeding stations* 
child care centers, health Institutions 
and other agencies of mercy. In Ger- 
many. Austria and former Czecho- 
slovakia,. J.IXC. aid 3 s reaching 105.- 
000 of the remaining ST^t^H) Jew*. 
In unoccupied. Ftoncc. the J.D.C. is 
supplying supplementary tood r cloth- 
lag and mrdlca.1 aid for IS.0QG refu- 
gees in the crude, primitive intern- 
ment camps, assisting 15.000 people 
who are not Interned, but who are 
o&rmi from earning a living, and 
caring: for 9.000 refugee children." 

"Jn addition to Its work in Europe," 
y.\. Warburg added, "the J.D.C, ex- 
tends Its humanitarian help to needy 
J«wa in South and Central America 
and such far-flung places as Shang- 
hai, where there are 31,000 refugees, 
the Island of Mauritius In the Indian 
Ocean, Mozambique, Eait Africa. 
Bombay and the Dutch East Indie*," 

Jn 17 Latin American sou 
Mr. Warburg revwlad, 1I0.00C 
gees have immigrated In past yoarx. 
The J, DC. is Carrying on programs 
of temporary aid for needy newcom- 
er*, rewttlement, retraining for new 
occupations, and credits and small 
loans to enable the immigrants to 

establish themselves in new enter. 

""The J.D.C. long ago recognised 
the Importance of Latin American 
countries as an asylum for persecuted 
people," Mr. Warburg said, 'and it 
Is earmarking all possible fund* for 
help there." On* of the byproduct* 
of J.D.C. work In Latin America. Mr. 
Warburg added, is forestalling agita- 
tion by the Nazis who would utilize 
the pretext of refugee destitution to 
stir up trouble In these countries 
neighboring the United States. 

In describing the work of the 
J.D.C. Mr. Warburg toEd the drama- 
tic story of the race against time in 
which the has been engaged in 
the past few months to rescue 
through emigration thousands of 
refugees atrvMM in Europe and 
Africa. These refugees possessed 
vlsns for the i.'nitcd st-ite* or Latin 

American coun --"-**, he aald. but had 
no sm mediate prospect of obtaining a. 
berth on the crowded shipi going 
overseas; and were faced with a slew 
doom as their visas wer c about to 
empire. TO evacuate them, the J,D.C. 
arranged for boots to pick them up 
before the visas lapsed. 

"Prom the beginning of July 
through Nnveinb*r 1G" Mr. Warburg 
sold, "(he J.D.C. helped more than 
ft 000 people to come to the United 
States and about 3.000 more to Cen- 
tra] and South America." 

Typical of J.D.C. achievements In 
rescuing refugees, he said, was Its 
success in arranging with the Nether, 
lands Govcrnment-ln-exlle for ad- 
mitalon to the Island of Curacao in 
tha Wc*i Indies of SO passengers 
aboard the steamship Cobo Da 
Horaos, who had been turned away 
from Brazil, and* after many heart- 

breaking experiences were be.nn 
afdppcd back to Europe. 

The J.D.C. Is also devoting sub- 
stantial sums to finance vocational 
training of refugees in Europe for 
emigration to Palestine and lo pay 
for their transportation. Mr. War- 
burg pointed out. Recently, he re- 
lated* the Jewish Agency reported 
that 4,230 Jews escaped to Palestine 
from Europe via Turkey in 12 months 
and thanked the J.D.C. for making 
this possible. 

"la all Its Operation* In Nasi and 
tf ad.dQirrfnated territories, the J.D.C, 
gives no aid whatever to the Nazi 
economy," Mr. Warburg declared. "It 
finance! its program, In these terrl- 
tori if s through clearance- arrange- 
ments; Under these arrangements 
dollars an held by the J.D.C outside 
Axis territory lo pay for transporta- 
tion or other purposes, and equivalent 
amounts in local currencies are made 
available in the various Axis coun- 
tries, Furthermore, the J,D.C. ships 
no supplies from America and there- 
fore doea not violate the British 

'The margin between life and 
death, hope and deapatr for masses of 
Jews In Europe." ilr, Warburg add- 
ed, ^is determined only by the fift- 
c rosily of American Jews in support- 
ing th* United JewUri Appeal for 
Refugee*. Overseas Needs *nd Pale, 
stlne. of which the J-D.C. i* a con. 
alituent agenev." 




can be obtained now only at 
Jules & Co.* because Gfabow- 
sky Furs were made or Super- 
vised hy Mr. Jules G. Nagy, 
who Is considered one of the 
greatest authorities on Furs in 
Pittsburgh and who Is now 
connected with Jules & Co. 

Yon can have furs made with 
the very same quality of mer- 
chandise, and super-workman- 
ship as were made In the for- 
mer Crabowsky's workrooms, 

Do not hesitate to com* to us with your Fur Problems. After 
being with GrabQWuky'* for 13 years you can have the utmost con- 
fidence in our Mr. Xngy. Why not let him re-style your Fur Coat? ;> 
It win turprixe you how mile H will cost, due to our modest over- . 
head expense. 

Jules & Co. 


5457 Pcnn Ave. MO. 8293 E. Liberty 


B'nai B'rith Reaching 

Membership Goal 
A dinner meeting of the B'nai 
B'rith Pittsburgh Lodge £?o. 44 Mem. 
bership Commute* wo* held on 
Thursday. November 20. la the if. M- 
and W, H, A. dining room. The guest 
speaker waft At-ram Qrlow of Fhlla- 

r tfondWl 
delphla. third vice president of Grand 
L«dge District No- $, Reports mad* 
by :h* 40 members present showed 
that a total of 333 new members had 
been obtained. 

Joseph Porter, chairman of the 
committee, and his six group lead* 
era, Emanuel Speetor. Herman Fine- 
berg. A. J. Epstein, Myer Mondell. 
Harry P. Lelwin and Nathan Wis- 
aerman urged their workers to double 
their efforts in order to go beyond 
the goal of MO new member*. 

A social and report meeting wh 
scheduled for Tuesday evening No- 
vember 25. In the Y. M. and W. H, A. 
dining room. 

Faicorrt Club 
The Faieom Club or the 1*. M. and 
W. H A. is planning an unusual In- 
formative type of entertainment in 
observance of Thank "spving. Mitt 

Etta Stent. tb* PtwJdto* and Mrs. 

Msriam Brcen the participants. HChed- 
ul4d on (he picjc rani. *"! eaplaln the 
jtiftnin ranee sad the origin of the 

Dinner Planned for Haifa 

Institute of TethnoEogy 

The Pittsburgh Chapter of the 
American Society for the Advance, 
mertt of the Hebrew Institute of Teen. 
tifilegy in Haifa. Palestine; will launch 

Charley /2ejcn&/ooj» 
a campaign for Its support Dtcumth-r 
4 at the Second Annual Dinner in 
Webster Halt Hotel. 

Chatfea J p RosenKo&m. a national 
patron, will preside at the meetings 

The principal speaker will be Dr, 
Shlomo Bardin. Founder and P 
ual. Technical High School In Haifa. 

Lute is the main source of 
technLfal training and research fc 

With the dislocation of the Euro- 
pean economy over the last few years, 
the Haifa Institute, heretofore self, 
iiipporting, finds Itself cut from it* 
norma] revenue and must look tor 
help to carry on. H la to effectuate 
that help that the American Society 
for (he Advancenien of the Hebrew 
institute of TechnoiDgy of Haifa was 
organized lost year. 

Irene Kaufrnann Settlement 

Three One Acl l*l3yi*Tv Be Presented 

By the. Irene Knufrnumt 


The Irene Kaufmajin Settiernen: 
Player* »nd the Young r 
Gidld will present a profi 
act plsys Su 

SO, at S;30 o'clock In the evening l~- 
the Theresa L. tCaufniana Audl> 

Tap Dancing ( Isi^ I ^r Itoy* Al ibe 
ivonfl ffanfmanm 9itd|Afaea\i 

The Dancing Department of the 
Irene Knufmann Settlement, In r#» 
sponse to ft consistent demand! ha* 
organiatcd a bo^Ti" tap dancing da^ 
10 be direeted by Miw Gertrudf 
Balea. The group will meet Friday 
evenings at 7 o'clock. No training 
Ut required n* the tap dancing cJaS* 
bJi announced for boginncr*- 
Tlie leen^ Knufmann Solttemeot 
Forum Announce* Subjeei* for 

Beginning Thursday evening 
ember t, a week after Thank;c£ivln£- 
the Irene Knufmann Settlement 
Forum will resume its activities, Th* 
following nubject* will be d!*?"!** 5 
Labors Dilemma — What Fri« Food 
— Social Hygiene — Books thr 
Nail's Burned — Canada At V 
Radio and National Crisis — Keall* 
[nwranffa - Reereatlon and U t S.O, 

Proinlrient ^H-akera am bc'si* 
scheduled to lead the various topk* 
constituting the Forum. All meet- 
ings are to be held In the Lounge ■*" 
Mr. Al Dubrof la ih charge of the 
Forum Program, 

"6,000,000 Jews in Europe Look to America for Aid, Says Warburg. Fully six 
million Jews in Europe ..." 

The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), November 28, 1941, page 16. 

No. 166, December 1941 

Page 53 


They Didn't Listen To Us 

00 YOU THINK the world would be In the roe** ii 
i*, SI ihe voice oi Israel crying for juttkr In ci valued 
niankind would have been listened to back in 1*31, whrn 
Hirln started to spread terror and doooi imofix German 
Jfniv* I firmly M'ev* ihai, if Knglaiut America and 
trance had ai that lime taken steps iud rtprbalp ajctltiM 
Nad German y *teeped "> medieval harhmun. it would 
!>ii have en mi- to Wen Ed War II. 

it k unfctiuiutt thai even now, at lhc md vt 1941. 
more than two yeir* after the nait* curled the war Uy 
wvidinx iNiLinil in ,vpi ember 19 J 9, dyed -in -the- wool 
Irnerican lUlescnrn afld our outiiandinx paper* «iill have 
nnt reatixed that the nail assault upon Civilixatk* did 
«t itm In I9JQ but in 1033 

An apt til us Eta two of the muddled ihoujhi which 
prrraih on this matter b orlrrcd by 'Topics of the Time*/* 
4 column on ihe editorial page of the "New York Times " H 
*hkh I have been rradinf sad rnjfjyintf for many year*. 
Topics of the Times" of November J, comment* on (he 
first initillmeiit of tanner president Hoover inwtooJr* of ihe 
Paris Peace Confer* rw, whkh are now published in ihe 
Sato/day Evening ftat. + * RemarkinR on the fact ihai 
Mr. Hoover's manuscript was readied six year* ago, and 
the editnr's remark that since these chapters *ftre written 
before the present wir -the point o[ vtew n unaltered by 
promt events/* the anoaymous writer of "Topic* of the 
Time*" observe*: 

■ tl it wholly In Mr Hi^vn's credit l tat hu jmnt <>f 
* rw is the same a* it was *ia years njpo? . , . Stx yeari 
*& M** Hwttr, U!tth ihe ttst #f tkt ivorld. 4*4 ttel ktw 
/# fG<e r«/o account a awr/rtf mxnt named Hitter** C Italic* 
by A T G. F,). 

t\% years agu, *c *roie the year IQJS. . . „ . It was 
i wo years after Miller and hi* henchmen had come tn 
l*i wer, Two year* that Jews and liberal* were beaten tn 
death in the torture chamber* of the Chsup>. iwo Mm 
of concentration camps, two years of Jew***! child fen 
being forced to sit on "Jew benches" and endure ihr 
maboous saddism ol their "Aryan" fellow* and teachers. 
tn 1915 men like Albert Einstein h I-ktn Few: bt wander. 
Thotnai Mann arid counties* Jewish *c*tnn*t» and *rijer* 
bad already been compelled to flee from tun Germany, 
leavinf behind their manu^rlptu and pohtmma* tind 
ihanlbR God fof h4vinf escaped with Eheir live*. 

tn 193 S Jcwiih leader* in \hh couiim ir.i Kutopr 
had brtn reiterating as»d Mrtiodin^ ihe warning for over 
two years that Hitler's asstuk upon and furious per*et ti- 

the Jews in their realms- In vain . Sut oiu tvx&mmcmt 
fintfjud #r friikU*4 tk* n*m far what tkcj nrtr dmttf 
to iht lntJ r Those who are now touched ta tbeir very 
depth* by the tragedy of the raped nnd outrajred dr 
nwKratin and by Ihe *ufft rings jukI tributailoas &f their 
unhappy popuhUon* vint either too busy or too uncon- 
cerned about the whole matter to do someiNof to help 
tbe tortured Jew* under Hitler's knout, On thai terrible 
black day of November 1G, IQJ.B, when the naak let 
loose oae of the rno*t destructive and bloody pufrom* 
no record k there was hardly a rij^le on the ratm sea <il 
public Gpiajoa ol the democracies. Not roe fnver&meni 
prototed against the *iiuthfrr of hundreds uenn hun- 
•irrd* of ifirificeni fk-rmjn-Je-Piith Ap$tdftt lhat *etr. rnit 
shot, but beaten to d«th. tortured to ilejlh, sltwK and 
with bestial S3ddtvn + in re!ahat»n for I he assasinalion 
r the naxi Yon Radi by a jrwkh boy runwd Her^hel 

America n aroused by the ihootin^ of French and 
ttber f< iLape*. arid juuly so. E*-en the President has 
Mfked hi* condemn au-ti *>? this harharitm. anl we ire 
proud he did Yet we cannot help lemcrnberint thai o\r 
for a few voices crying in ihe wilderness, there was no 
H*ond when thousands upon thousand* of Jew* were 
punished for the rash, %nd so understandable act, of a 
Jewtsh boy. 

About a year ami a half a^o the ItrHisb Governmtnr 
pitblbthed documentary peool Ux the at melt lea commitied 
in ruji (vrxentiation cimpf sioce 1933, Tbe publicaLiirt 
*»f th J j shoctinjt record ptwd. a* it w« me*ot to be. 
trffeciive in swaying public opinion in this country against 
the Hen*." It is clear that the British Govern ment did not 
procure the documentary proof of naai bestialliy at ihe 
time of publication but several years befure. Why. then, 
was tht* recoid locked away In the secret dlpJoraaik (Ae*r 

li Jewish blipod not a* warm and red as the htood of 
other men uinucrntly murdered : To quule ShaVrspearr. 
"II *ou prkk us, mi we nm bleed ? . li ymt rWfcin 

uk do m not die?" ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^ 

Vow, too. the unspeakable iracrdy of almost six millkn 
Jews under omm! dciminaiwo i* not considered rcfftcimtly 
importanT to be discussed. The farnou* Koosevch -Church ill 
"Ei*ht Points** prnmise restoration to all throe roblied 
and raped by the naxiv eicept the Jew*. They are. a* 
always, the fftf*ol(rn first and nv»i injck vtctira . . 

Neiibfi does ihe writer of "Topic* of the Time*" ap- 
pjrently retard the atrocities committed aaaimt the Jew^ 
as ptaof oJ naai bestiality, Disrussiii|r ihe * + itroeity lies"' 

"Now, too, the unspeakable tragedy of almost six million Jews under nazi 
domination is not considered sufficiently important to be discussed." 

They Didn't Listen to Us by Allan G. Field. The Jewish Spectator (NY), Vol.7 No. 2, December 1941. The Jewish 
Spectator Volume 7, 1942, page 53. 

No. 167, November 1942 

RAC5AP- PERSECUTION WBia HE m^^-Churchill 


ILONDOW. Saturday.— Ten 
thousand persons — Jews 
and non-Jfrwa, British and 
Allied — thronging the great. 
Albert Hall to ^capacity on 
Thursday (as briefly report- 
ed by Fieuter), adopted a re- 
solution recording the indigo 
najtiofl of Britain and the 
United Nations at the un- 
paralleled atrocities daily 
committed by the German Oov- 
■eminent and Us aalelliies, and 

Free men anrt uyamen rfe- 
noum ■ these evfl crime* and 
when the world &tmfjftle eftda 
with the enthronement of hw- 
mtm rights, racial persecution 
will be ended. 

The Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, Dr. W;liiam Temple, in a 
most stirnnf speech, pointed 
&ut that while not unmindful 
of the ^rueltEefl committed 
agamst other peoples, "there is- 
one people which has no nation 
a] home" living among other 

their horror at the deliberate people, 5n «Gkeu» *g»ft a* 
policy of Jewish extermination; pues-vs ready LO be the 
and eKtending sympathy u* the 

families of the victims of the 

massacres and the murder of 
buwtage* as well as the in-hu- 
man separation of children 
from parentis. 
The resolution expressed ad 

k>y al citizens of the countries 
in which they feside, and at 
the same time remaining .true, 
with a constancy claiming: ad* 
miration *from all, to their own 
great culture and- tradition. 
The Primate appealed to the of their crimes after vic- 

.The Czechoslovak Foreign 
Minister, -M Jan Masaryk. 
vigorously joining "with deep 
feelings of protest the devilish 
attempt of Hitler to es±ermm r 
ate the Jews.," stated jhat it 
was not enough to punish crlm- 
■nals si'frer the war, A construe* 
tive effort was needed, he de- 
clared^ M ilasaryk received 
a great ovation ^hen he re- 
ferred to the Jews as turning 
their longing eyes often- on. the 
country, of their past, and he 
honed, future story — Palest int. 
The families and- relatives of 
members of the Czech Uovern- 
jncn-t whtrni the Nasis jn the 
"Protectorate*' recently sent to 
concentration camps as reprisals 
joined ' J a most distinguished 1 

miration at the heroism of the Government to do everything: company. 1 ; TlHe tfamtoes and 
AViinri fichtint* forces artd *ra- "for the relief of Lhe victims enrl concentration camps, house, if 

Fifth "Freedom" 

The two Jewish speakers. 
Chief Rabbi Herta and Dr. S, 

Brodetsky, thanked the pre- 
vious apeakers. 

behalf of Empire J 
: lhe United 

-aid that 


rriftd out by 

iSfaU and qursfinps . 

Ahied fitting forcea and gra 
;iLUde to the people of occupied 
territories who are heJping 
their Jewish fellow- victims. 

Manages were received from 
alJ Allied Governments, tho 
Km pern r Hade ^assiu, the 
Arch-bishop of York, the Mod- 
erators of the Free Churches, 
nine Anglican Bishop*?. 24 peers. 
31 M.Fs,. and the Mayors of 
all British cities. 

Prism tor's Message 

The demonstration had been 
organised by Lhe Board of 
Jewish Deputies,, with the 
Archbishop of Canterbury pre- 
siding, and practically aU Unit- 
ed Mations tJovcrnntcnta in 
London were represented on the 
platform, They alao included the 
Lord Chancellor and Lady 
Simon. The audience was 
heartened when the Primate, 
prior to his opening speech, 
rend a message from Mr. Chur- 
chill which ran 

Thousands were bemg ma- 
chine-gunned or poisoned in 
lethal chambers. The killings 
from torture, hunger and co-Id 
surpassed even the slaughter 
of the Armenians in the past 
war. His Eminence complained 
of the reticence of the general 
dt"" can "be "called""housing + some] press, .pointing out that they 
of Lhe toe-it people in Europe, g^e prominence to the death 
The voice of :h* Jewish peo- sentence on 15 Norwegians but 
pie should he heard whenever were almost silent when tens 
plans or hopes were discussed, of ihouands of Jews were mas- 
mans and their sattellites he declared, and 1 he -urged the sacred. 
against the Jews and extending Allies to grant the Jews a place p r «idpiir 
sympathy to the victims. The on the Committee of Allied Gov- 
resolution was adopted with, ae- ernment^ drawing; up indfee- 
clamation,. ments against the Axis war 

General SckorskL shaking in crimuiala for Mats after the 
PnhsN. wh-ith was subsequently war 

trans>a!ed. expressed horror at The great audience applauded 
the atrocities in the ghettoea m MasaryKs reference to 
in Polish ci-hes. Palestine, and also when Mr. 

The Rev. J,S. Wnale, Moder- W. Elliott, MP M stressed that 
a tor of the FretCiiurch Federal Palestine was a haven of re- 

submitted a resolution record* 
ing the .profound condemnation 
by Eritai.i' and t>he Uniicd Na- 
tions of the unparalleled a*roc- 
iiiea perpfrt rated byr the Ger- 

Roosevelt's Four 
Freedoms for Jews sounded 
empty unless a fifth freedom, 
namely, the freedom to live, 
was secured for the Jews of 

Prof, Brodetsky, while en- 
dorsing the thanks to the var- 
ious s speakers, referred to the 
post -war restoration of Jewish 

ICil. speaking on behalf of fu^ N decJ*arir* that" the experi- fS^Wtertini 1 wtohlinrM*S 
rnilHon Kr^Tishmen, Tiaid men, of Paleatir*, in spitf of TXf, £ l^%£ ?^Al« 


tribute to the Hebraic spirit 

and roverenee of the Law, cjuot- 

ing; tb* chapter in Deuicronomy H 
'Justice thou Fhait pursue/' 
which was the foundation of 
civil] fced life. He expressed hor- 
ror a i the persecution's, recall- 

,i*t ? \ °1 thc Iifc of J& WT >" T ^«e Jews had 

difficulties and mistakes, had been the ch:ef victims sinee the 

been an experiment which creed advent of Nazism the world 

aloud to T>e made. OVef ^ 4 ww ^j.^ ^m those 

■ Bishop Matthew auxiliary fighting for civsliisukm. He 

Bishop of Manche^er, speaking went on: 

on behalf of Cardinal Hintdey. M „ .. MMJlw * Ta , . - 

staled: "The condemnation fcy , "" the present Jew^h euf- 

Isaiah's condemnation of ! paoe Pius XT . Cardinal Hi nslev fefijl ^ s P^^ without effective 

r statesmanshtp preventing them 

in future, human conscience 
ivill be left with a mark of dis- 

notour, nullifying the efforu 
for the haziness of »]]," 




me; L>-Ti:a.Jk s ^Biicuc-nciiitLiijJt- ui I 

I cO*WWt refrain from sending th<? shertdine; of Innocent blood, j and "Cardinal' Verdier of ani? 

to an uudienre asnembkd in and emphasized that "antt-Senv, Semstbm urged praynrs for boih 

prof f At against the Nazi afro- Itism in all forms is an abomin-| j^ Wa mid Gen til m. 1 ' 

ritie* intiieted o« the Jew» nn at km and outrasre a^bust the ^ Jae^uea 3autcE[c5 Com. 

axHurance o.l mj> «WW *»*> *inntL:y of jne liw whirh j 5 Hie ml ssioner of Information- on' oe- 

pfttnv tolrJt the abject* of the precious pft of Israel to m^J- ha]f cf the t^hting: French 

wectintj* The systematic cruel- «rn cnnsteacJom, . Commlitee, q-uoted General de mass demonstration, the Arch 

ties to tchieh the J&wm\ pe&« r*nfthii**«VA Fflfrtrt V#^d^ Gau»e"s letter to Rabbi Stephen bishop of Canterbury isaid that 

ptP have been exjmned- under t/ODsrnifttn* r.norx ^**°™ WUBi gjvmg ch , ^u^nce thanM^ were not due to the 
Itie Nasi refllme Qre fflffljiifl Viseouni Cecil, saying 4hat he that tfl€ r j shts of Frcnch Jfl ^_ ^entHe speitker.s since all wcr& 

the next terrible event* m frifl- w«a jsppikiflf w aa Ordinary ^ wlUc|l ^^ fe ^ n ^ ailrted ^ comra .des in one K reat cause. 

torv and place an fndeUhte KnpHshman, protected eloquent- y^ Ar ^ ^ Qi wouJd be re-eatab- 

atriln on all who perpetrate and \y against the Noil outra^e^ Jished 

hiRttaate them. and instated <m the punish- 

fPairor and PTAi 

"The Chief Rabbi (Joseph Hertz), who spoke on behalf of Empire Jewry and Jews of 
the United Nations, as well as of all six million Jews in Europe, said that the 
deliberate extinction of the whole house of Israel was being carried out by Hitler's 
sadists and quislings on a scale beyond compare even in the annals of Israel." 

The Palestine Post, November 1 , 1942, page 1 . 

No. 168, December 1942 




T ONDON,Dtc. 18 (A.A.PJ-— StBhmanti luucd 
" iimullaiwauily in London* Washington, and 
MeiciWj told af German barbarity, and of proof 
of lilt Nasi defarminoiion lo oxftrmtnoK J**t. 

TTve British Foreign S*ere- 

iiry (Mr P EdrnK %Ho rwmi iht 
joiDt AHied dr:J*r*tion m the 
Hu-a« of L^mm^it, Mid : fc- Th* 
Allied Opwnnenti onr* nrrr? 
cocnrffi th*Ir flrn ji tent lor U*i 

The Allied Ocwfnmetiui intend 

lo L&k* all llie fc"ejj» in thttr pflwrr 
to c*p«:.e ftCUfoi2*r.; t-i ih* 
nil «d '■ 

jut* ft|t menu art Mini mad# to 
brCuu!^u* rtif dttifcnUrttt throat v 

jj it wnanlnstATi 

There 1* m» doubt In London 
ttut Hiilrr'i dvcfelvii Id rtittwin- 
lb thr Jrnii linked wHJ> t food 
* —i<n^ p In B<1ih[t*ri In hit lco«- 
ft**dlni kimUlllT iowarii ib#m- 

tt Ik rstir^ted (lit i tner* IK 
between ]v(h million 3tn<3 sn ml* 
Itan Jc%a I" Oocupl^ Europe. »ni 

thin ItfLiv b «b? gip whirh Hitler 

ni-^- e«<wc Id eru^if rrnir.trtiatiCT 
or <Vrm*w* r attorn 

tiOvTini, In fti* tsf broirt '■***. 
ii^!arr4: "Whoever «£«rvtft, * L 
ton be lb* C»*Tiu*n** 

Nasi Slaughter Ham* 

In ;ft tfttUruiDTi! Mr SO** 
i»ii_ Tl* OfrmAn BTi(bcr.**;r& 

mjiu l>I ibe Jewish r*r* ft ill *cf - 
rnartes mer wlilrh their teTOtma 
fulc hi* been txtnart tn* »^t 
fk-T^n-tnr h im«n r J fh!A an* now 
uurvmi t-if effect '31 Killer'* ofl- 
t*,<Mtel Lrentroa ;o csittrinlintfl 
\hr Jeirli." «qf* In Flir^pe ■ 

Ttie d^rifiritatir adid*cl lh«t Jrcs 
w*:* bHnp t -nn-jx n >d from ik 
the wcupled ^untrin L« cuoli- 
Uon* nl %p?JtL.n| horror wd dim- 
laiiLp t© UJttmi E-m*»i* 

h& PqIumL wr.tcn fiftS to"#n m*1^ 
tiit |uku:i|Ki] K*7» rid^jh^r h«^e. 
ttit pctirtiw whirh the G^rnun ;ri- 

iraM:to»;ir einpriec r:f nil **^ 
rxcepi £ few hlirhJr-EliLlled i^orit- 

HH N+rr of ih»r like» itiy Im 
rvrr hffti hr*rsl mt afitik* Ihr 
ftPvlimtiOB rMtinq#C ifsfcr 

iKiil^fl men irrtr »l**lv w«rkr4 !• 
ilPAlt; la libvur rimui. vMTp in- 
Urm pre pit nrtt Irft |# tfir cT 
rif»T*lirf or i|mrT*llan. at rfrHlirr- 

II* nt, 

^7fc# n«oter of Mcilmt *r tlii*e 
blacidr rnifldet ire rf€h*»ofd in 
mint JMi^di^di »r ihdnundt cf 
cntlrrlr innw rut men, vflinrn, ind 

simultaneously in London, Washington and Moscow, told at German barbarity and 
of proof of the Nazi determination to exterminate Jews. ... Hitler's decision to 
exterminate the Jews ... It is estimated that there are between five and six 
million Jews in Occupied Europe ... Nazi Slaughter House. ... Hitler's oft-repeated 
intention to exterminate the Jewish people in Europe." 

The Courier-Mail (Brisbane), December 19th, 1942. 

No. 169, December 1942 

Days Of Peril For Jews; 
Diabolical Plans Of 
Nazis To Be Enforced 

| ONDON, D«c«mb«r 

*- diabolic. I 

22.— Wiihi 

lamin* ■" Naxi-dooiinatWd 

Thi« t*irit*k rmliiw to HUIerV 
nuts* rtiiirdrr campaign wuh fort-caul 
at a n.«^ rtntr i*f J*w* of -til mi lions 
in London u«i:iv by Mr. S. S. Silver- 
man, Labor ttit*mbrr of the Houm- uf 
Ctftmmonn. » ho uupfalt-d tft th^ Hriti*h 
Uos< riifin-jU ti* triform (^rm»nr be- 
lure it a**s too Uw tti*t Itritain would 
tiikp nil unWMntNl Jc-at. 

i*n the next 10 d*y» tk> 
»f «*t*rrninatinc all J«%va 




Mr. Stlveraiaa 

Ate*tralia and I aaada 

»Wk *. 000.000 JfUf. 
■ Inrrr at* wid< o|w*n *nar*ii in the 
frr* world %»ht-/ v Uit-y could jr*/ f he 
.said. 'What *ould five or nix nil- 
liotx Ji*w* b* to louiiirin like Can- 
ada AuHtrulia, and South Amprir*. 
In thifc mun traffic mom en ( in J*wt*h 
b^tory m it loo much to auk thut 
th*r* Hhould b* ho jut- plac-9 whrre 
Jwmh history, culture, and idvaln 
nhal] be fr<M!? h 





an alas uddrt»aj&«4 tht 
merttnir which *JkIed a wev4 of 
»r»yrr mv* fa^tin* with the aolerati 
wo nii. "I bflfcve that th< vut balk 
or the Jrw* in \«i-i laminated Europe 
*r* downed." 

Aa BUT 9MB hi 

th« iialv 



tka *orld irhlrh 



M Turk#v should b# tftcouraftad t* 
iwtfive everv Jew ^M-apinff* and 
fhohild receive A^unnm that it 
would not havfl to bnr Lhe coat ot 
maintain in* them/' he ft* id. 

It m undenttood that all practical 
mf&survi tu peltev* the Kuf^iinfn 
of the JrwH in occupitHJ Kurope, m- 
oeciuJIv the utwtHion of an a^viuni 
for tfAcaprcs, im rt<»ivinc the uraani 
attention of the UniUsl Nation*. 

rrtoffrtt|ihit«| transport diflVulUvs 
at pn*tf*nt provide what is aPtiar- 
entlv an inRiirmountabU- obAtnHe to 
full-acale alteraotH lo rvtu-ue the 

Th* Jewish Oon*r*** declare* that 
2 t OtMJ F O0O J* urn have lw?*ii extermin- 
ated so far, 

"Mr. Silverman suggested that Australia and Canada could each 
absorb 6,000,000 Jews. ... MOST ARE DOOMED ... The Jewish Congress declares 
that 2,000,000 Jews have been exterminated so far." 

The Barrier Miner (New South Wales), December 23rd, 1942. 

No. 170, December 1942 


by Victor Gollancz 

The following article is an excerpt from ''Lei My People Go* a 
pamphlet written on Christmas Day, 1942, in London. While tf it 
addretsed to Englishmen, its message applies to Americans as well. 

Of the six mil lion Jews or so who were living at the outbreak 
of the war in what h at present Nazi-occupied Europe, a high pro* 
portion — between one and two million — have been deliberately 
murdered by the Nazis and their satellites. 

No discrimination has been made in favor of pregnant 
women, babies, children, the sick, or the very old. On the contrary, 
discrimination, such as it is, has been in favor of men from whom 
an adequate last ounce can be got in German war factories. 

The murders have taken the form of random shootings, mass 
shootings, mass electrocutions, mass poison-gassing, and transport- 
ation in conditions which inevitably involve death during the 
journey- This is over and above slow starvation by the allotment 
of hopelessly inadequate rations, or no rations at ail. 

This treatment has been carried out with the greatest conceiv- 
able inhumanity, and has involved the maximum of hopelessness 
and despair. In particular, helpless children have had to face the 
fear of a torturing death without the strengthening sympathy of 
In particular, hclplcv* children have had to face the tear of a torturing death 
without the strengthening sympath) of their parents, and their parents have 
had to know that the) were doing so. All this is part, not of war, but of a 
quite deliberate polio . openly proclaimed, of exterminating the Jewish 
population of Europe. 

This policy, which has been pursued since the outbreak of the 
war, has been greatly speeded up during the last few months. It is 
now reaching its climax. Unless something effective is done, 
within a very few months these six million Jews will all be dead, 
except the fifty thousand or so in the countries at present neutral, 
and perhaps a few tens of thousands whom Hitler may find it con- 
venient to work to the last ounce of their strength in his own war 

"Of the six million Jews or so who were living at the outbreak of the war in what 
is at present Nazi-occupied Europe, a high proportion-between one and two 
million-have been deliberately murdered by the Nazis and their satellites. 
...Unless something effective is done, within a very few months these six 
million Jews will all be dead," 

Let My People Go, a pamphlet written on Christmas Day, 1942, in London by British Jewish publisher Victor 
Gollancz. It appeared in: The Massacre of a People: What the Democracies Can Do. New York: Jewish Frontier 
Association, p. 22. 1943. 

No. 171, January 1943 

William Temple 
Archbishop of Canterbur 

Cyril Forster Garbett 

Archbishop of York 

Charles Alfred Howell Green 
Archbishop of Wales 



The Archbishops of Canterbury, York, 
and Wales have issued the following state- 
ment In the name of the whole Anglican 
Episcopate of the three Provinces; — 

The Bishops of England and Wales have 
been profoundly stirred by the declaration 
made in both Houses of Parlianvni en behulf 
of his Majcstys Government on December 17, 
1942, describing the barbarous and inhuman 
treatment to which the Jews* arc bein™ sub- 
jected in Germnn -occupied Europe. They norc 
that i ho number of victims of this policy 
of cold-blooded extermination is already 
reckoned in hundreds of thousands of entirely 
innocent men, women, and children. 

They note further mat the extcrm [nation 
already carried out is pan of the carrying into 
effect Of Hitler's oft-repeated intention to exter- 
minate the Jewish people in Europe, which 
means in effect the extermination of some 
6,000.000 persons in the territories over which 
yij tier's rule has been extended. 

The Bishops of England and Wales declare 
tha J. the sufferings of these millions of Jews and 
thejr condemnation, failing immediate rescue, 
to a cruel and certain death, constitute an 
appeal to humanity which it is impossible to 
resist- They believe that it h the duty of civi- 
lized nations, whether neutral or allied, to 
exert themselves to the utmost possible extent 
to provide a sanctuary for these victims- 

They therefore urge the Government of the 
Untied Kingdom to give a lead to the world 
by declaring its readiness, in consultation with 
the Dominion Governments, to cooperate with 
the^ Governments of the united and neutral 
nations in finding an immediate refuge in terri- 
tories within the British Empire as wel! as 
elsewhere for all persons threatened with mas- 
sacre who can escape from Axis lands* or 
for those who have already escaped to neigh* 
bouring neutral countries and can make room 
for other fugitives to take their places. 

In January 1943, the leaders of the Church of England issued a statement which, unfortunately, 
I've not been able to track down. But it was mentioned in The Times of London, January 25, 

"They note further that the extermination already carried out is part of the 
Carrying into effect of Hitler"s oft-repeated intention to exterminate the Jewish 
people in Europe, which means in effect the extermination of some 
6,000,000 persons in the territories over which Hitler"s rule has been extended." 

The same day The Times printed their article, an Australian newspaper claimed to quote 
verbatim from the Church of England's statement. 


j.i iNf>ov Sunday 
fn a fltBtemeiVl i '[•■ I Nl thn nntno 

it the IntirtAtffcilSl^n Knlfir.wpnte. 
the Archt' sh -* nf •'•r^'rM)ry, York 

»nd Wal< WrjflP '!;c Britfuh Govern- 
ment In drr.m* tta rcadinc** i» i: r m- 
auUation -jnih the Dominions, to t*<»- 
operate with ih* United »n«i neutral 

uitir»n» tn finding immediate asylum 
\rithln th'* Kirnjri' aJid iJsoWhere for 
Jewish refugee. 

The statement declare*: "The 
nfamns of Britain and Wales are pro- 
foundly stirred by Xh\' Parliamentary 
• leclarationn describing the barbarous 
and Inhuman treatment to which 
Jews are bring Mubjccl** I m part of 
Hitler'a plan to exterminate six mil- 
lion Jews In occupied Europe. The 
sufferings of these Jews constitute 
an appeal to humanity, which It la 
impossible in .resist ami It la the duty 
of civilised nation* to provide sanctu 
ary for victtma." 

"The statements declares: "The Bishops of Britain and Wales are profoundly 
stirred by the Parliamentary declarations describing the barbarous and inhuman 
treatment to which Jews are being subjected as part of Hitler's plan to 
exterminate six million Jews in occupied Europe."" 

The Canberra Times, January 25, 1943, page 2. 

The statement from the Church of England was mentioned in a Canadian Jewish newspaper also: 

Urge British To 
Find Refugee 
Havens At Once 

JVrftap* th€ most Important ap- 
peal on behstf tf Jewish and other 
rofageec fwen the Neef terror 
sjnw the recent wave of hjmtsJtty 
Chat Stacked a world that thought 
Itsetf beyond being shocked In this 
partioUar, wu (sued by the Arch- 
bishop* oi Canterbury, Vork and 
Wales on behalf of the whole An 
gticui Episcopate, says Mltto^i 
Brectoler, writing Irom London for 
Che I**w York Time* 

Tbe three bl£h churchmen, 
speakfrc tor ati their coMeaguef 
directly, urged the Brltlsf) Govern- 
ment to oooperete with the Unlte-l 
Nations nod neutrals to finding 
"Immetflste refuge territories wltiw 
III %be British Kmplre a* wett rj» 
elsewhere*' for all persons threat- 
ened with encuttraent in the new 
ttdat wave o# fcmtaihy > 

Tna appeal which Is bonnd to 
awsJfan great interest snunf refu- 
gee aid grams in the United State* 
pointed out at the outset that the 
Bhrf*opo of England slid W*k* 
Twere- profoniKrly stimed by the <**- 
eUmtkn. of both houses of Parlia- 
ment on Dec. IT describing the fri- 
bumauity to the Jews ol Oocopfet 
Europe- The Bishops added thai 
the terror *oUld only he kiterpf*t- 
«d as meaning that Retebsruefers r 
HKkr really intended to ettennt- 
nate 6400,009 more nu&tfa fcenw 

"Ths Bishops of En^rori end 
Wales," the appeal ssid, H <iecUwr 
that the suffertftpv of tbeee me- 
ltons of Jfews and their eoadexBua- 
Un, fiOUni snsTMHSnte rescue, in 
crust Bid on rlihi death conaMcme 
an «9D«sl lo fcunmnity wWeh * si 

- to MM. 

"... Hitler really intended to exterminate 6,000,000 more human beings." 

The Canadian Jewish Review, January 29, 1943, page 1 . 

No. 172, January 1943 

Letters to the Editor 


To the Editor of the Manchester Gu&tdi&tt 
Sir,— On December 17, 1942, the 
Governments of the three principal 
Allied nations issued a declaration 
about a new facL The news of this 
new fact had reached them some four 
months before, but, being the civilised 
Governments of civilised peoples, they 
were rightly reluctant to accept it 
■wfrile any hope remained that it might 
not be true. How many thousands 
of lives that creditable reluctance has 
cost history will probably never 
record, Let it pass as part of the 
price which humanity inevitably pays 
in the face of the inhuman horrors 
which mankind will perpetrate upon 
itself to preserve confidence in its 

What was the new fact ? it was that 
the Nazis had taken the definite decision 
that the "Jewish problem" in Europe 
should bo solved forthwith and for ever 
by killing every Jew under German con- 
trol By the time that the United 
Nations were convinced of this fact the 
plan had bee a in active operation nearly 
six. months and a substantial part of it 
already executed. Some six mi men 
lives remained in imminent peril. 

Now in face of that new fact the 
Question whether this country did less 
or more than other countries to rescue 
refugees in quite other conditions, or 
whether any country did enough, is 
really irrelevant. The figure at 225,00 D 
refugees of all nationalities was recently 
mentioned in Parliament and not 
rejected by the Home Secretary. Such 
a figure has no bearing at all on the 
new fact of the immediate mass murder 
o£ millions of utterly defenceless people 

which the United Nations by their 
declaration have confirmed. No plans 
for active rescue have yet been 
announced ; the discussions proceed. 

The difficulties of action are no doubt 
immense. They are not insuperable* 
There is Eood reason to believe that the 
physical resources to save hundreds of 
thousands of lives are immediately 
available if only the Allied Nations 
would establish the necessary political 
conditions. But nearly all the proposals 
so far made aane concerned w5th those 
who have contrived to escape already, 
and it is dear that the numbers whu 
can do so must be small indeed. Can 
we make no attempt at mass rescue? 
Are we to limit our efforts to those who 
have saved their lives themselves ? If 
so, we shall shirk cur major resnoa- 

I should like the United Nations to 
make another declaration. Not to the 
world at large. Not to the small and 
burdened and mcaxiousiy neutral 
States. Not to the virtually hrfnt*^ 
nopolations ot the countries under the 
Fascist heuL And not indirectly through 
anyone else- The British Gcverttment 
once talked direct to the German 
Government about the exchange of 
prisoners* Let the United Nations do 
sa now. I^t them offer* formally and 
directly, to the German Government 
sanctuary to every Jew the Natfa will 
letBOL T ^t^w:-H5T*urhiatred 
of the is su ch t hat you are ure- 

pared tn the midrtarontieth century to 
commit the bloodiest blood-bath in his- 
tory we will cave you from that crime. 
The world Is wide : we shall End room 
somewhere. Will you let them go*? 
WOl you let the children go ; the women 
so ; the sic* or the old. or the helpless 
jo ? Win you let anyone so? UDttm* 
ditiomaHj? H you win let them go. or 
Any so* on condition*, then name nve 
conditions and we yvSH ccmajdtr. |bemj 
But rather than that the common 
civilisation of Europe should suffer so 

indelible a stain of blood we will relieve 
you of your burden, Let the Jews go." 

The objections to such a proposal are 
perfectly clear. If 1 do not deal with 
them in detail it is not because I am 
unaware of them, I reject them all 
because I take it as axiomatic that this 
mass murder must stop. People say 
helplessly "What can we do?" and 
indeed the mind reels under the vas^ 
ness of tbe need and the poverty of the 
means in our hands. But the difficulties 
should be a challenge, not an excuse. 
There are many tilings we can eio. 
Threats of punishment, yes. Promise of 
reward* yes. Appeals to the best in 
people everywhere tn object* to resist. 
to oppose* Ceaseless m use of all the 
means tn out power to make the facts 
known — especially to the blinded, 
tfesfened, bemused German people, so 
that they shall know what is done in 
ill^jj. uoijit, oui ceiore evuryinrajc eise 
must come the offer of sanctuary. The 
world is wide, and the Allied Nations 
control almost all of* it ; there axe still 
neutral countries to serve as gateways 
on Europe's seaboard Hitler may not 
let them go : that is not his purpose. 
But protest and moral mdijmatinn and 
threats unaccompanied by any *3ffer of 
salvation and refuge are a mockery of 
the victims and civilisation alike, pro- 
voking from the oppressor no pause in 
bishloody worlchut only a cynical sneer. 
"When the priest and the Levite passed 
by on the other side it was hot because 
they approved of highway rohbery: no 
doubt at the inn in the next town they 
declared their Endignatioo. but they 
were a little over-conscious ot the prac* 
tical difficulties and went on their way 
content that some day the law would 
vindicate itself by punishing the wrenfi- 
doers.— Yours* &c 

S. Stontt SiLvrmMJiw. 

House of Commons, January 22. 

"A PROPOSAL TO SAVE THE JEWS ... Some six million lives remained in imminent 

The Manchester Guardian (UK), January 27, 1943, page 4. 

The letter to The Manchester Guardian, was written by Samuel Sydney Silverman (1895 - 1968) a 
Jew, a Zionist, and a British Member of Parliament. 

No. 173, February 1943 


By Ben Hbcht 

When the time comes to make 
peace* the men of many 
countries will sit around the table 
of judgment. The eyes of the Ger- 
man delegates will look into the 
eyes of Englishmen Americans, 
Russians, Czechs, Poles, Greeks, 
Norwegians, Belgians, Frenchmen 
and Dutchmen. All the victims of 
the German adventure will be there 
to pass sentence — all but one. Ab- 
sent from the tabic of judgment 
will be the Jew. 

There are two reasons for this. 

First is the fact that the Jews 
have only one unity — - that of the 
target. They have lived in the 
world as a scattered and diverse 
folk who paid homage to many cul- 
tures, many ideologies, and called 
many flags their own. They had 
little In common but the Germans' 
rage against them. The pogrom 
restores their unity. The Germans 
have animated the myth of the 
Jewish menace beyond any of their 
predecessors and tried to prove 
their case by presenting the world 
with a larger pile of Jewish corpses 
than has ever before been intro- 
duced into the ancient argument. 
Despite this unity of death given 
the Jews, there will be no nation 
to represent them at the judgment 
table. There will be no one from 
the empire of nightmare in which 
for many years they dwelt in agony. 

The second reason why they will 
not be represented at the peace 
conclave is an even more practical 
one. Outside the borders of Russia, 
there will not be enough Jews left 
in Europe to profit by representa- 
tion were it given them, ITiey will 
have been reduced from a minority 
to a phantom. There will be no 
representatives to make demands 
in behalf of the three million Jews 
who once lived in Poland, or of the 
nine hundred thousand who once 
lived in Rumania, or of the nine 
hundred thousand who once lived 
in Germany, or of the 750,000 who 
once lived in Hungary > or of the 
150,000 who once lived in Czecho- 
slovakia, or of the four hundred 
thousand who once lived in France, 
Holland and Belgium. 

Of these six million Jews, almost 
a third have already been massacred 
by Germans, Rumanians and Hun- 
garians and the most conservative 
of the scorekeepers estimate that 
before the war ends at least another 
third will have been done to death. 
These totals will not include Jews 
who died in the brief battles of the 
German blitzes. Nor will they in- 
clude those who figured in the 
casualty lists of the Russians. Of 
the three million Jews in Russia* 
more than seven hundred thousand 
have entered the Soviet armies and 
fought and bled on all the valorous 
battlefields of the Muscovites. 
These are the lucky Jews of Europe 
and are not to be counted in the 
tale of their nightmare. 

In the hearts of the millions who 
were hanged, burned or shot, there 
was no dream of representation and 
no hope. They did not die dream- 
ing, like the valorous Greeks, 
Dutchmen, Frenchmen and Czechs, 
of abasements to be avenged and 
homeiands to be restored. These 
great sustaining powers in the hu- 
man soul are unknown to the Jews, 
When they die in massacre, they 
look toward no tomorrow to bring 
their children happiness and their 
enemies disaster. They cannot 
gather strength out of any terres- 
trial past or future. For it is the 
whim of history, known to the 
Jews of Europe, that no homeland 
is ever theirs, no matter how long 
they live in it, how well they serve 
it or how many of its songs they 
learn to sing. 1 

1 la proportion lo their numlen, tJatnc were ontwe 
Jcwi who dl*d in the £nt World Wj.t defending the 
Kwcf'i Germany than there were Grrtfuin. The 
JewKh Soldier Cemetery ou nidc Berlin. uuIch it hai 
been plowed up and turned into a coneefltntion 
camp, » «iUK» w thi*. 

When the plans for the new 
world are being threshed out at the 
peace conference, when the sen- 
tences are being passed and the 
guilt fixed and the plums distrib- 
uted, there will be nothing for the 
Jews of Europe to say to the dele- 
gates around the judgment table 
but the faint, sad phrase, "Remem- 
ber usl" 

They will have only one political 

statement to offer and that will be 
that the manner of their dying 
must remain one of the measures 
of the German soul. 

There will be wagon loads of 
savants on both sides, of econo- 
mists, of metaphysicians, philoso- 
phers and financiers to plot the re- 
making of a world. The dead of 
many lands will speak for justice, 
but the Jew alone will have no one 
to speak for him. His voice will re- 
main outside the hall of judgment, 
to be heard only when the window 
is opened and the sad, faint cry 
drifts in — 

"Remember us! In the town of 
Freiburg in the Black Forest, two 
hundred of us were hanged and left 
dangling out of our kitchen win- 
dows to watch our synagogue burn 
and our rabbi flogged to death. In 
Mannheim and Hindenburg, the 
Germans drove us all into our burn- 
ing churches where we knelt and 
prayed and died while they sang 
their German song outside, 

Break she skulls of all the Jtws 
And future glory win. 
Proudly will out banners fly 
When Jewish blood runs from our sabre. 

out of the flames, they turned ma- 
chine guns on us. They seized our 
women and undressed them and 
made them run naked through the 
market place before their whips. 
All of us were killed before our 
Atonement was done. Remember usl 

"Remember us in ^locjawek. 
Here also the Germans came when 
we were at worship. The Germans 
tore the prayer shawls from our 
heads. Under whips and bayonets, 
they made us use our prayer shawls 
as mops to clean out German la- 
trines. We were all dead when the 
sun set* Remember us\ 

f 'In Mogiebica, in Brzeziny, in 
Wengrow and in many such places 
where we Jived obeying the law, 
studying to be wise, working for 
our bread and offering harm to no 
one, there also the Germans came 
with their bayonets and torches, 
debasing us first and then killing us 
slowly so they might longer enjoy 
the massacres. 

"In Lublin, five hundred of our 
women and children were led to 
the market place and stood against 
the vegetable stalls they knew so 
welL Here the Germans turned 




"In the town of Szczucin in Po- 
land on the morning of September 
23rd, which was the Day set aside 
for our Atonement, we were all in 
our synagogues praying God to for- 
give us. All our village was there, 
our bakers, millers, harness-makers, 
our students, wives, mothers and 
sisters and every child that was old 
enough to pronounce the name of 
God, Above our prayers we heard 
the sound of the motor lorries. 
They stopped in front of our syna- 
gogue. The Germans tumbled out 
of them, torches in hand. The Ger- 
mans set fire 10 us. Wh^n we ran 

machine guns on us and killed us 
all. But this was not as bad as in 
other places, for here we died 

"In Warsaw, in the year 1941, 
we kept count and at the end of 
twelve months 72*279 of us had 
died. Most of us were shot but 
there were thousands of us who 
were whipped and bayoneted to 
death on the more serious charge 
of having been caught praying to 
God for deliverance. 

* f In the seven months after June 
1 94 1, there were sixty thousand of 
us massacred in Bessarabia and 

Bukhovina. There were more of us 
than that killed in Minsk, We hung 
from windows and burned in base- 
ments and were beaten to death 
in the market place and this was a 
time of great celebration for the 
Germans. Remember usl 

"Remember us who were put in 
the freight trains that left France, 
Holland and Belgium and who 
rode standing up to the east. We 
died standing up for there was no 
food or air or water. Of the twenty 
thousand who made that trip, only a 
few hundred were taken alive from 
the boxcars. These were sent to 
Transnistria and in Transnistria we 
all died of hunger slowly and under 
the watchful eyes of the Germans 
and Rumanians. 

"In Kiev no Jew young or old 
was left alive. We fill the waters of 
the Dnieper today with our bodies. 
There arc thousands of us in the 
waters. And for a long rime to 
come, no one will be able to drink 
from that river or to swim in it. 
For we are still there. And this, too, 
is held against us, that we have 
poisoned the waters of the Dnieper 
with our dead bodies. 

"Remember us who were in the 
Ukraine. Here the Germans grew 
angry with us because we were 
costing them too much time and 
to know that we were robbing the 
Germans of their sport." 

These are only a few of the voices. 
There are many more and there 
will be more millions. 

When the German delegates sit 
at the peace table with their mono- 
cles restored to their pale eyes, no 
sons or survivors or representatives 
of these myriad dead will be inside 
the hall to speak for them. And by 
that time, it will be seen that the 
Jews are Jews only when they fell 
under German rifle butts, before 
German motor lorries and hang 
from German belts out of their 
kitchen windows. It will be seen 
that the Jews are Jews only when 
they stand up for the hour of ex- 
termination. Once dead, it will be 
seen that they are left without a 
government to speak for their 
avenging and that there is no ban- 
ner to fly in their tomorrow. 

Only this that I write - — and all 
the narratives like it that will 
be written — will be their voice 
that may drift in through the 
opened window of the judgment 

"Of these six million Jews, almost a third have already been massacred by 
Germans, Rumanians and Hungarians and the most conservative of scorekeepers 
estimate that before the war ends at least another third will have been done to 

The American Mercury, February 1943, pages 194-199. 

Ben Hecht was a Jewish Hollywood screenwriter, who proudly admitted that he worked on the 
"Irgun propagandist committees." Irgun were of course a Zionist terrorist group who murdered 
thousands, if not tens-of-thousands of people. A condensed version of this article appeared in 
The Readers' Digest, February 1943 edition, and the Lowell Sun (AAA), January 26, 1943, page 9. 

No. 174, February 1943 

Page 24 


the moral sense of civilized men and made diem callous to human misery. 
Perhaps the roar of gigantic battles had drowned out the sound of help- 
less voices behind the ghetto walls. But whatever the reason, the fact 
remains that the Jewish tragedy in Europe was passed over as just 
another "episode 11 in a global war, 

Suddenly, during the summer of 1942! world public opinion was 
shocked out of its lethargy by the realization that the Nazis had decreed 
the complete extinction of six million Jews and that a third oF the victims 
had n I ready perished. The response to ibis deliberate savagery was a 
mighty outcry oF protest, indignation and mourning on (he part of Jews 
and iion- Jews, governments and social agencies, churches and the press 
in all free countries. Eleven United Nations, among them the United 
States, Great Britain and Soviet Russia condemned "in the strongest 
possible.* terms the best in t policy of cold-blooded extermination/' 

In countries throughout the world Jews observed a day of mourning 
by fasting and praying- Heads of the Christian religion, both Catholic 
and Protestant , appealed to world conscience to rise in sympathy with 
the martyred JcwSh Labor in many countries halted work, and decent 
people everywhere, in one way or Another, called for retribution, justice 
and restoration of Jewish rights after victory. Hi is demonstration of 
human sympathy in the midst of a global war was an act of striking 
historic significance. 

It was no exhaustive description of Nazi savagery which thus aroused 
the world, As one correspondent, who was asked to review die position 
of the Jew in Europe, replied; 

This I cannot do because the Jews of Europe are today no more in a 
1 "position" than the waters of a rapid rushing down into some canyon, or the 
dust of (he desert lifted by a tornado in all directions, I cannot irven tell you 
how many Jews there arc at present in this pr that town, in this or thai 
country, because at die very moment of writing thousands of them are in 
flight. They hurry from Belgium and Holland to France Choping thence to 
escape to Switzerland ) p from Germany (because deportations to Poland were 
imminent) to Fiance and Belgium, where die deviation orders have just 
been issued -trapped mice running in circles, , ♦ . 

With the exception of the dead, whose fiiie is definitely settled, the Jews 
of Europe are not in any ^position" whatsoever* They are in the hands of 
Hitler, hands that have been robbing them, beating them, and snatching 
them from their homes. In Paris, Brussels. Aniwerp, Amsterdam, Berlin, 
Frankfurt, Hamburg, Vienna, Prahji, Brno, Bratislava, Zagreb, Ikl^nide, and 
hundred* of smaller cities and towns, Jews arc being packed into old railway 

"Suddenly, during the summer of 1942, world public opinion was shocked out of its 
lethargy by the realization that the Nazis had decreed the complete extinction 
of six million Jews and that a third of the victims had already perished." 

The Passion of a People: Anno MCMXLII (1942) by Zachariah Shuster. Contemporary Jewish Record, Volume 6, 
Number 1, February 1943. Contemporary Jewish Record, Volume 6. 1943. New York: American Jewish Committee. 

No. 175, February 1943 

The Jews 

p pretended, of course, 

that the small but gra 
success the Colonial Office has been 
able to announce in dealing with 
the question of Jews from Occu- 
pied Europe touches more than the 
fringe of this terribly tragic ques- 
tion. There are some who hold that 
tier's set purpose is th» exter- 
mination of the Jews in Occupied 
Europe numbering about six 
millions. — 

If so. it is not at all clear how 
we can stop him. The problem Is 
a double one. First we have to get 
consent for them to leave the occu- 
pied countries, and then thev have 
to be provided for by nations 
already suffering considerable re- 
strictions of food. 

If Hitler consents to allow Jews 
;o get away it will certainly not 
be for humanitarian reasons. He 
will try to get Fifth* Columnists 
among them. He would welcome 
any opportunity to cause embar- 
rassments to us with the Arabs, and 
it would seize any opportunity of 
trying to create or stimulate ana- 
Semitic feelir. 

All these represent dangers to be 
ated in any icheme. and clearly 
nothing can be done except by In- 
ternational agreemer We can 
neither accommodate six million 
:>ews here nor dictate the attitude 

of other Governments. These are 
facts to be borne in mind when the 
Government fs criticized for mov- 

"There are some who hold that Hitler's set purpose is the extermination of the 
Jews in Occupied Europe, numbering about six millions. ... We can neither 
accommodate six million Jews here nor dictate the attitude of other 

Western Morning News (Devon, UK), February 5, 1943, page 2. 

No. 176, March 1943 


United Nations Must Haft Nazi 

Murders Now, Leaders Tel) 

21,000 at the Garden 

Immediate action by the United 
Nations to save as many as pos- 
sible of the five million Jews 
threatened with extermination by 
Adolf Hitler and to halt the liqui- 
dation of European Jews by the 
Nazis was demanded at a mass 
demonstration of Christians and 
Jews In Madison Square Garden 
last night. 

The demand by religious, civic, 
political and labor leaders was 
heard by an audience of 31,000 
that filled the huge auditorium, 
while several thousand others were 
Unable to get in. 

By 8 o'clock, shortly before the 
meeting- opened, the approaches to 
the Garden were closed by the po- 
lice, but lOpOOO persons; remained 
standing in Forty-ninth Street, be- 
tween Eighth and Ninth Avenues, 
and heard the addresses through 
amplifiers after many thousands of 
others who were unable to get in 
had dispersed* 

Rabhi Stephen S. Wise, president 

Continued on Page Four 
Continued From Page One 

o£,tha American Jewish Congress, 
who presided, announced from the 
platform, on the basis of .police 
estimates, that 75,000 persons had 
tried to make their way into the 
Garden In the three hours before 
the meeting opened. 

Joining in support of the demon- 
stration from overseas in messages 
read at the meeting were the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, Cardinal 
Hinsley, Archbishop of Westmin- 
ster, who is gravely 111 in London, 
and Chief Rabbi J, H. Hertz of 
Great Britain. Sir William, Bever- 
idge, author of the Beveridge plan 
for social security, addressed the 
meeting by radio from the British 

The "Stop Hitler Now" demon- 
stration was under the joint aus- 
pices of the American Jewish Con- 
gress, the Church Peace Union, the 
Free World Association, American 
Federation of Labor and the Con- 
gress of Industrial Organizations 
and other Christian and Jewish 

A resolution offered by Louis 
Lipsky, chairman of the governing 
council of the American Jewish 
Congress, and adopted unanimous- 
ly, proposed an, eleven-point pro- 
gram of action to achieve the pur- 
poses of the demonstration. 

The resolution will be submitted 
to President Roosevelt and through 
him to the United Nations. 

to President Roosevelt and through 
him to the United Nations. 

Speakers at the meeting who 
urged speedy fulfillment of prom- 
ises by the United Nations to alle- 
viate the situation of the Jews in* 
eluded William Green, president of 
the American Federation of Labor; 
James B. Carey, secretary-treas- 
urer of the Congress of Industrial 
Organizations, both of whom 
stressed the unanimity of Ameri- 
can organised, labor on the issue; 
Sir Normal Angell, Nobel Peace 
Prize winner, who demanded that 
the United Nations make good 
their promises to the Jewish people 
by deeds; Bishop Henry St. George 
Tucker, presiding Bishop of the 
Episcopal Church in American and 
president of the Federal Council 
of Churches of Christ in America* 
and Dr. Henry A, Atkinson, gen- 
eral secretary of ths Church Peace 
Union, who spoke in behalf of the 
Protestant community, and I>r. 
George K. Sinister, president o£ 
Hunter College, who voiced the 
sentiments of Catholics* 

La Guardia Speaks for City 
Mayor La Guardia spoke in the 
name of the people of New York* 
Dr. Chalm Weiamann, president of 
tne Jewish Agency for Palestine, 
spoke in behalf of the entire Jew- 
ish community- 
Governor Dewey addressed the 
meeting by radio from Albany. 
From Washington came radio ad- 
dresses by Supreme Court Justice 
William O. Douglas and. Senator 
Robert F, Wagner, A message 
was read from Wendell L, Wulkie p 
who declared that ''practical meas- 
ures must be formulated and car- 
ried out immediately to save as 
many Jews as possible/' 

Messages of sympathy and sup- 
port were read also from Viscount 
Halifax British Ambassador; 
Count Robert van der Straten- 
ponthoz, Belgian Ambassador^ 
Constanttn Fotitch, Ambassador 
from Yugoslavia, and Mugues Le- 
gaU&is, Minister of Luxembourg. 

Ylscount Halifax's message as- 
sured the atfdience that Great 
Britain was determined that the 
United Nations* declaration con- 
demning "the horrible and unbe- 
lievable Nazi atrocities against the 
Jews in Europe shall be followed 
by practical action," It disclosed 
that "as a first step the British 
Government has completed negoti- 
ations With the Bulgarian Govern- 
ment for 1,000 Jewish children and 
500 adults to leave that country 
and go to Palestine" and *lias also 
undertaken to receive in Palestine, 
if the necessary arrangements can 
he made, up to 20,000 Jewish chil- 
dren with a proportion of adults, 
by March 31, 1044," 

The keynote of the meeting was 
struck by Herman Shuhnan, chair- 
man o5c the special committee of 
the American Jewish Congress on 
the European situation, who in in- 
troducing Dr. Wise as presiding 
officer of the meeting called at- 
tention to the fact that "months 
have passed since the United Na- 
tions issued their declaration de- 
nouncing the unspeakable atrocities 
of the Nazis against the Jews and 
threatening retribution," with the 

threatening retribution," with the 
promise that ''immediate practical 
steps would he taken to implement 
it," but that nothing had been done 
as yet- 

Prayers for the Bead 

The climax of the meeting was 
reached after Cantor Morris Kapok- 
Kagan had eung "El Mole Rach- 
mhtif" Hebrew prayer for the dead, 
memorializing the Jewish victims 
of the Naais. This was preceded 
by the blowing of the shofar, the 
ram's horn, by Rabbi Maurice 
Taub, and as the sounds subsided 
and Mr. Kapok-ECagan began the 
prayer the huge audienee wailed 
and wept, while the thousands out- 
side, who heard the proceedings 
through amplifiers, joined. There 
followed the reading of the Kad- 
dish, another prayer for the dead, 
by Rabbi Israel Goldstein, and the 
reading of a passage from the 
Psalms hy Rabbi Jacob Hoffman, 
ending with the words, "Save, 
Lord: Let the King hear us when 
we call." 

The message from the Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury was as fol- 

'T trust that our two nations 
may unite in offering all possible 
aid and place of refuge for Jews 
now threatened With massacre and! 
so do what we can to mitigate the 
most appalling horror in recorded 

Cardinal Hinsley + s message was: 

'Tn unison with voice of indig- 
nant .protest that cries aloud 
from all human hearts and in ac- 
cord with declarations of the 
church, I denounce with utmost 
vigour the persecution of the Jews 
by the Nazi oppressors, Prom the 
most recent reports it is dear that 
the terrible situation facing the 
Jews In Europe shows no sign of 
improvement, but is actually more 
terrible than ever. Words are 
weak, and cold deeds and speedy 
deeds are needed to put a stop to 
this brutal campaign for the ex- 
termination of a whole race. Jus- 
tice must be done, and quickly. It 
is little use uttering tirades against 
anti-Semitism, Jews and Chris- 
tians are our feUowmen and 
brethren. If Christian mercy finds 
no place in the Nazi breast, then 
the lessen of stern retribution 
must be given in such wise that 
never again shall these hideous 
wrongs oe possible. The blood of 
innocent victims of savage hatred 
cries aloud from the earth to the 
highest heaven for vengence. There 
is the almighty God above who 
has said, ^Vengence is Mine/ We 
are assured that the guilty will 
suffer in the measure of the 
cruelty they have perpetrated* Yet 
this thought gives little consola- 
tion to those who are at this mo- 
ment suffering extreme torture of 
body and soul from their pitiless 
persecutors. To all who have the 
power to help or to rescue them we 
appeal for immediate action, 
Meantime, as individuals, we are 
helpless to aid t save hy our prayers 
and by our protestations. I trust 
that the great demonstration 

which is being held in Madison 
Square Garden, Mew York, on 
March 1 under the auspices of the 
American Jewish Congress will 
stir' public opinion the world over 
so that relief of every possible kind 
may- be quickened to succour the 
victims of the appalling cruelty of 
the Nazis and to end this inhuman 

PJea by Chief Babbi 

Tnei message from Chief Rabbi 
Hertz read: 

,f Jt is appalling to think that 
whole of mid-European Jewry 
stands on brink of annihilation and 
that millions of Jewish men, wo- 
men and children have already 
been slaughtered with fiendish 
cruelties which baffle belief, but 
equally appalling is fact that those 
who proclaim the Four Freedoms 
have so far done very little to se- 
cure even the freedom to live for 
| of their Jewish fellow 
men by readiness to rescue those 
who might still escape Nasi tor- 
ture and butchery. May God 
grant that your great demonstra- 
tion of American Jewry be the 
means of overcoming the strange 
and calamitous inertia of those 
who alone can initiate the sacred 
work of human salvage." 

The sentiments of" the three 
great European religious leaders 
were echoed in the addresses and 
other messages read at th^ meet- 

f4 Tour demand that every prac- 
tical step must be taken now to 
save those Jews who can still be 
saved from Hitler's extermination 
squads must appeal to every Amer- 
ican, Christian and Jew alike,'* the 
message from Mr. Winkle said. 
"Two million human beings, mere- 
ly because they are Jews, have al- 
ready been murdered by every 
fiendish means which Hitler could 
devise. Millions of other Jews in 
Central and Eastern Europe face 
immediate destruction. This chal- 
lenge to our civilization must be 
met by the United Stations. It Is 
not enough to threaten retribution. 
It is not enough to protest this 
Tnagff murder of a people. Practical 
measures must be formulated and 
carried out immediately to save as 
many Jews as possible, particularly 
from Bulgaria* Hungary and Reu- 
mania. 1 " 

"The latest explosion of Nazi 
bestiality against the Jews threat- 
ens hundreds of thousands or mil- 
lions of men, women and children 
with death and torture,*' Sir Wil- 
liam Beveridge said. "That's fact, 
not rhetoric." 

Urging a declaration by the 
United Nations accepting joint re- 
sponsibility after victory for per- 
manent and adequate settlement of 
European Jews, Sir William said: 

"The Jews are not threatened 
alone. They do not ask for special 
treatment. They are only the chief 
victims of a general lust for pErsc* 
tution and racial mania. They are 
the chief victims today." 

Insisting that everything must 
be done to rescue as many of the 
Jews of Europe as possible, Sena- 
tor Wagner said: 

"In this work, a loaf of bread or 
an immigration visa speaks louder 
than, the most heartfelt express 

sion of sympathy. This is no prob- 
lem for Hie Jews alone \ it is a 
Unitftd Nations problem, and it 
must be dealt with through the 
moat vigorous action of a united 
conscience* working through an in- 
ternational rescue Agency. 

"No doubt we cannot do all we 
wish; but happily we can still do 
anough to satisfy the still email 
voice within us which will not let 
us rest* 

"No appeal for mercy and succor 
has ever been made In vain to the 
American people. I am confident 
that they and their government 
will do their full part in this work 
of humanity— as their small con- 
tribution now toward the happier 
future to come— as a token of 
their faith fh the brotherhood of 
man and the eternal freedom of 
the human spirit"" 

Governor Dewey. . declared that 
"it is our duty to 1 rustratte to the 
limit of our capacity the. savage 
purpose of the murderers." 

"Every victim of ETaiSi hate is an 
American ally/ 1 he said. '"Every 
life we save will speed the victory, 
will aid the task 0£ creating a free 
world after the war, Therefore, 
we have a right to caU upon the 
United Nations for action, action 
now- We ask for the immediate 
pursuing of every negotiation pos- 
sible by the foreign- officers of the 
United Nations to prevent the con* 
tinuance of the monstrous process 
of extermination of minorities/ As 
we speed ultimate victory- we can 
bomb and punish. We can also bar* 
gain for freedom for many of the 
victims and provide places of refuge 
for them." 1 

Stressing that the foundation of 
American society ia the minority, 
the rights of the minority and of 
the individual, Justice Doug-las de- 
clared that the war in which" this 
nation is now engaged was essen- 
tially a conflict for -the preserva- 
tion of this principle. 

Message of Labor Leaders 

Mr, Green urged a three-pom t 
program of action to meet the sit- 
uation^ First, he said, the United 

Nations must again serve notice 
"that every Nazi and Fascist crime 
against innocent civilians will be 
punished with uncompromising jus- 
tide and with equal severity/' Sec- 
ond, the open door for Jewish im- 
migration must be established in-' 
Palestine* and thmi, JJ let Us ex- 
amine our own situation at home 
and ascertain if the quota restric- 
tions will permit the entry of war 
refugees and if it Is possible to se- 
cure eait privileges for these refu- 
gees from conquered countries." 

Joining in these sentiments in 
the name of the Congress Of Indus- 
trial Organizations, Mr. Carey de- 
clared that "the slaughter of the 
Jews in occupied Europe is an 
atrocity that moves us all; it is 
also a warning of what the Nazi 
murders have in store for every 
people that resists them or stands 
in their way in any manner, 11 

Dr. Weizm&nn called upon the 
United Nations to implement their 
expressions of sympathy for the 
Jews by deeds, 

i *Two million Jews have already 
been exterminated," he said- "The 
world can no longer plead that the 
ghastly facts are unknown and 
unconfirmed. At this moment ex- 
pressions of sympathy, without 
accompanying attempts to launch 
acts of rescue, become a hollow 
mockery in the ears of the dying* 

Ji The democracies nave a clear 
duty before them, tiet them nego- 
tiate with Germany through the 
neutral countries concerning the 
possible release of the Jews in the 
occupied countries* Let havens be 
designated in the vast territories of 
the United Nations which will give 
sanctuary to those fleeing from 
imminent murder. Let the gates of 
Palestine be opened to all who can 
reach the shores of the Jewish 
homeland. The Jewish community 
of Palestine will Welcome, with joy 
and thanksgiving all delivered 
from Nasi hands**' 

Flea by Bishop Tucker 

Bishop Tucker disclosed that the 
Federal Council of Churches of 
Christ in America, in whose name 
he spoke, was now conferring with 
Jewish leaders in this country with 

a view to giving the utmost coop* 
eration possible in efforts to re- 
lieve the persecuted J*ws of Eu- 

u If we people of America really 
believe in the brotherhood of man, 
as we profess to do, we will not 
only be moved to indignation by the 
brutality °* these persecutions but 
we will also be moved to demand 
that everything possible to bring 
it to an end shall be attempted at 
the earliest possible moment/* he 

Declaring that the Jewish prob- 
lem was exclusively a Christian 
problem because J 'lt is only in those 
lands called Christian Giat anti* 
Semitism runs riot," Mr, Atkinson 
drew a picture of the late that has 
already befallen millions of Jews 
and the fate that awaits millions 
of others. 

'Tiet us not forget that those 
who thrust this war upon us use 
anti-Semitism as the basis of at- 
tack not only upon our way of life, 
but upon all the freedoms of men 
and women everywhere," he said* 
"Just as Hitler used anti-Semitism 
as the opening wedge in his attack, 
so we must turn our attention to 
the means and methods by which 
anti*9emitism will be forever wiped 
out and its emergence at any 
point within any nation shall be a 
crime against the common good/ 1 

Dr. Shuster characterized the 
extermination of millions of Jews 
by the Naasis as "one of the major 
disasters of all time.*' 

'"How many can we save?'* he 
asked. "I do not know the answer- 
But it seems to me self-evident 
that every Christian who remem- 
bers the Value of age-old works of 
mercy will try as best he can to 
aid in the ransoming of these dire 

Speaking for the Free World As- 
sociation, Sir Norman Angell 
charged that the responsibility for 
the atrocities perpetrated upon the 
Jews by the Nazis and their satel- 
lites was "Uie responsibility of 
nearly aH the nations of Christen- 
dom" in that, while protesting 
against the outrages, they failed to 
implement their protest with prao 
tical, concrete action. 

"... appalling is the fact that those who proclaim the Four Freedoms have so far 
done very little to secure even the freedom to live for 6,000,000 of their Jewish 
fellow men by readiness to rescue those who might still escape Nazi torture and 

The New York Times, March 2, 1943. 

This article was about a Jewish rally (with some Christians also attending) at Madison Square 
Gardens in New York City on the night of Monday March 1, 1943. The 6,000,000 appearance was 
from a message read out to the crowd from the Chief Rabbi of the British Empire Joseph Hertz 
who also made number # is our list. 

No. 177, March 1943 


Bj m* Horry J. MtriL *t*W 

Tht Coll For Action In Behalf Of Refugee* 

That was a memorable Intercession Service h«M last 
Friday evening at Tempi* Emanu-El for the victims of Nari 
barbarism. The Temple was thronged with both Jewish and 
Christian worshippers. Among the distinguished clem* 
representing the various denominations were The Ven. Arch- 
deacon A. P. Gower-Rees, Rev. Dr. H, F, McCirtcheorn Rev. 
Angus Cametoto* Rev. Dr. William Ojrr Mulligan and Profess 
aor E. B. Y. Scott. At this great assembly organized religion 
pj^ded the cause of the persecuted The following is an ex* 
cerpt from the speech given by thta writer: 

This service of intercession is part of the programme the Synagogue Council of America has outlined for the 
Jewish community, ami during the next six Week a wj observe 
days of mourning- as wdl as days of intercession. This ser- 
vice 3i also supported by the recent action of The Council of 
Churches, Tbe Federal Council of. Churches of Christ in 
America observed a Bay of Compassion for Jew*, who are' 
aiifftrfng under the Nazi yoke. 

Many nations and peoples suffer under the Nazi yoke at 
preaeoT; but there is a special Jewish phase to this tragedy- 
We Jews not only suffer but we have been singled out for ex- 
termination as a pe ople. Two m illions of Jews have already 
been done to death, SSHHIffi in mid-Europe are sentenced 
to die. Appalling is the tragedy of our martyrdom, but equal* 
tr appalling is the fact that those who proclaim. beliefs in the 
Star Freedoms have done so Ifttte to give freedom to live to 


There .are immigration laws barring those who might 
tape to freedom. What a great set of humanity it Wouid be 
on the part of Canada, for example, to revise those immigra- 
tion lam in order to meet the present emergency and to peiv 
mit,.**?, 100,000 tef ogees, Jews »a well is non-Jews, to come 
Iil What a great humanitarian act that would be ! But there 
aacns to be a cMLrplracy <rf silence* 

JL-- \JL> ^Tft % 4 - nwiLi 

t* fie, - ^-^\_ - /v 

Bo fc ia a* pfwjwr that ttSTaarvte, la * faartle m 

may iuftoenee those who can Initiate the work <rf ftaeue. T 
faave taken the liberty of inviting to this pulpit my Christian 
friends,, representing 1 various religious denominations, to bear 
witness to, this great historic hour and lend their voice that 
rt may be heard throughout the land of thta Dominion* the call 
of the Church and the call of the Synagogue, in the name of 
Moses who said 'Thou shalt love thy fellow man,** and in 
tbe name of that Jew of Galilee, Jesus of Nazareth, who be- 
came the greatest inspiration for the Church and who taught 
"love ye one another," We must do all we can to save those 
that still can be saved. 

"Two millions of Jews have already been done to death. Six millions in mid-Europe 
are sentenced to die." 

The Canadian Jewish Review, March 14, 1943, page 8. 

This article was written by Lithuanian born Rabbi Dr. Harry J. Stern (1897 - 1984), this is the 
first of his four appearances in our list. 

No. 178, March 1943 

Gives Background 
Picture Of Nazis 
From Experience 

WalUm Deutl, Former B*J> 

lift CorreipoDdentj I* 

Final Speaker on 

Forum Course Hert 

More questions were askM follow- 
ing WalUce H, BtMtVs lecture last 
xdgM at Alleftfcny Hteh Sellout 
Auditorium than at naj previous 
Community Form* lecture of th* 
current aca&on, wid the address by 
this lone- time Berlin correspondent 
of the Chicago Daily t^wi provided 
much that was interesting and some 
background mater lal that is really 
new, He was introduced by *♦ Fen? 
Smith, chairman of the Forum com- 


Mj. Deuel said the Natl miliar? 
machine l*ftrs only three thln^; 

a break to the morale of the Ger- 
man people; the resources Mid pow* 
er of the United States; and var on 
two fr&ntfi At the «ame time. In 
els berating on the Utter P the lec- 
turer declared that while the Nasi* 
tiled hard to avoid two- 1 rant war- 
fare, they are prepared for it if it 
ha* lo be faced, Ht also said thai 
Gersias morale 1™* not *o much 
aifecletf bf £T« *- e&^ into the 
\7&r a* might htrt been expected, 
becau« the Japanese scored w> 
many early victories against thii 

Flan CompleU &*ilr*rctioii 

The Nazis sei out in the begin- 
ning to destroy whole peoples. Ther 
expected to obliterate from the 
earth not- jess than ^000,000 Jerrs 
as a beginning, They also planned 
to uproot millions more and use 
them as subjects aXlu to stove*. 

They began thte progrra year* 
&SO with a pian ol diplomatic war- 
fare, economic warfare, psychologl- 
cal warfare and finally actual miH* 
taiy warfare. 

Be discredited claims of * German 
secret weapons^ 

The speaker explained how Uia 
Gennam broke Lhrou&h French for- 
tific*ttioris N siich as the Mfcginert 
line. He said they had built rep- 
licas of the fortifications and prac- 
ticed attacking them daily, Flan* 
had been obtained by their itttellfc- 
gence service which lor year* ha* 
been ths b*al. in fcht world. 

Their propaganda machine works 
on a theory <* dlride and conquer, 
Ofuel continued, They ako pW 
on false optimism and on fcnr p 
Ma«J Fer*6n»l KtiKrleiiCM 

"It 1* p*rt erf their plan", Deuri 
told his Jisleners, na create lafer 
hope*, demoralise tndWduals, Mint 
Liiittittire. arouse phoney opiumism 
and inspire fear"- 

Mr, Deuel toM numettW Car- 
les of personal experiences with 
leading Nazi olliclaU, and expressed 
pride in the fact that he *'" 
recently Included in a list ot th* 
10 Americana most hated by thfl 
Nasia. He said there might br a 
breakdown in German morale . bun 
that the war would have to b* 
fought on Geiman soil before ilia 
horror of it 1* really brought homo 
to that nation* 

"The Nazis set out in the beginning to destroy whole peoples. They expected to 
obliterate from the earth not less than 6,000,000 Jews as a beginning." 

The Cumberland Evening Times (MD), March 23, 1943, page 1. 

The above is a quote is from Wallace R. Deuel (supposedly a non-Jew 1), this photo of him appeared on 
the cover of The Saturday Review of Literature (Feb 7, 1942). He was a Chicago-born political scientist 
who worked at the American University in Beirut between 1916 - 1929, and from 1934 - 1941 was 
a correspondent in Berlin for the Chicago Daily News 2 (so was surely a fluent German speaker). He 
wrote anti-German books 3, many anti-German newspaper articles 4, anti-German radio plays 5, and 

even advised Walt Disney on anti-German propaganda cartoons 6. In 1942 he joined the Office 
of Strategic Services (OSS) as special assistant to OSS's director William J. Donovan. From 1954 - 1968 
Deuel held numerous senior positions in the CIA in which he oversaw propaganda, and he was also the 
CIA representative at the White House during the Kennedy administration. 7 

Notes to No.: 

1. Southwestern Jewish Press, November 18, 1949, page 3, Ida Nasatir book review— People Under Hitler by Wallace Deuel. 

2. Smith, W. Thomas. Encyclopedia of the Central Intelligence Agency. New York: Infobase Publishing. 2003. p. 74 

3. Hitler and Nazi Germany Uncensored (1941) a collection of Deule's articles for The Chicago Daily News. People Under Hitler, NY: Harcourt Brace & Co. (1942). 
4. 1 made two searches for "William R. Deuel" and "William Deuel" on googlenews 1 archives. I found a huge number of articles by him, in many different 

5. WOR Thursday, May 20, 1943. 8-8:30: This is Our Enemy, play by Wallace Deuel, pdf copy of schedule:[n]43-05-20-(Thu).pdf 

6. Smith, W. Thomas. Encyclopedia of the Central Intelligence Agency. New York: Infobase Publishing. 2003. p. 74 

7. Ibid, p.74 

No. 179, August 1943 

AUGUST IS. 1948 

— - — - — - — - ^ ™- - ^ - — - — - — - ^ - ■ 

One More Effort To Arouse 
The Sympathies Of The World 

Th_ Nitkft uya: 

TVo million Jews out of Bur&pe'a ■HniUnn have al- 
ready been dauflWtered by the Nam; moat of the renMimfcT 
aeem doomed, for the rate of liquidation lb being speeded up 
a* German -hope* of victory decline. Thia is" the meet cdoeaa) 
and atrocious crime in history, mod ft in a crime U> which the 
dtemocraciw are acceaaoriea before the fact* 

No*w the Emerjjfcfifcy Conference to Save the Jews of 
Europe is making one more effort to arouse the sympathies 
of tb« world. It has <a number of concrete proposals to make, 
indudinE an approach by the United NattonB to the Axte 
5Bteilit*_. Since the government* of these eountriea now see 
the writing on the wail, there la reaixwi to believe that they 
might prove amettaWe fc& pne^ure- 

Atother pnjpoaal. ii for temporary aayJuio in neutral 
countries with an Allied guaranty of evacuation of refugee* 
received there within aix months after the ^nd o* the war. 
This brings up the prcfckm of permanent havens 

Many J«w» could be absorbed in Palestine, but every pro- 
posal to aperi the jatea of the (Balfour) Promised Land has 
met i blank refusal from the British government. It is, trf 
course, true that an increase of Jewish immigration Jnto 
Palestine miyht mean tKkirie with the Arabs. But whatever 
the risks, th^y ouirht not to outweigh the certainty of the 
loafs of tens of thousands of iives which might be saved by 
letting down the bars. 

We mu_t note, however, that the United SUtea would 
be in a Hroager moral portion to urge this poEcy if it were 
a little more open-handed itself. 

"Two million Jews out of Europe's six million have already been slaughtered by the 
Nazis; most of the remainder seem doomed," 

The Canadian Jewish Review, August 13, 1943, page 8. 









"The cornerstone of the Knesset building was laid on 14 October, 1958, in the 
presence of the President of the State, Yitzhak Ben Zvi, and the widow of James 
de Rothschild, who donated six million Israeli Pounds towards the construction of 
the building. The stone may be seen in a small room under the speakers' podium in 
the plenum." 

In this chapter I have reproduced just a small percentage of the articles and adverts that I or 
others have found in the American press, of several separate Jewish campaigns to raise 
$6,000,000, and donations of $6,000,000 to Jewish or Zionist causes. 

No. 180, September 1919 

TO PASS $10,000,000 

Industries and Profession* 
Pledge | | for Philan- 

thropic Building Fund. 


Guests gt Opening Dinner Ch«r 

Orphan from Asylum Who 

Starts the Proceed ings, 

The nOjOOMGO United Building Fund 
Campaign for the Jewish philanthropes 
of Kow York was launched last night ac 
*, dinner at the Hotel Commodore with 
pledge a by the various trades* Industries* 
and professions to raise [;$n,O0O,QO0| Of 
this amount more than £3,000,000 had 
already been contributed by individual 
donora* The leaders cS the occupational 
grrmjjs arose from time to time during- 
the evening to announce that the quotas 
aligned to them had been found too low 
and that they wanted higher, figures Get 
as their goals. 

From the reports which the leaders 
ha ruled in. It was predicted by those in 
charge of the drive that not only would 
the $10,000,000 mark be reached in the 
one week which is allotted to the drive, 
but that it Trouid be exceeded* Never 
before hag _sueh a. large amount been 
raised In such a short time for ph li- 
mn thro pfa building purposes* The pro- 
ceeds Trill be apportioned nmoti^ twenty- 
El nf h<?4iltb p educational, &nd recrea- 
tional institution** in accordance with tha 

i;ced3 qZ the communities which they 

The dinner was opened with the laying 
of the cornerstone of a miniature brick 
building erected in the grand ball room 
of the hotel. A chubby little boy from 
the Hebrew -Orphftn Asylum performed 
the ceremony to the applause of the 500 
persons present, and as a. reward for hfe 
first job in the building industry he was 
presented -with a union card by Michael 
Dowman, a representative of the Brick- 
layers* l"nlom I. Edwin Goldwasser, 
Executive Secretary of the Fede ration 
of Jewish Philanthropies, then explained 
with (he help oT Mereopttcon views the 
straits In which the associated institu- 
tions had found themselves at the end 
cf tJic war. o^jflng- to the cessation of 
building activities resulting from the 
restrictions placed upon the trade by the 
Government, He told of hospitals com- 
pelled to use sun -pa riot a improvised on 
fire escapes, of dispensary patients 
fcerdert In basement waiting" rooms, of 
buildings closed by the .Fire JUepartment 
because of the danger involved m their 
use, and finally of those Jewish men. 
women and children Ywho wtiro barred 
from the enjoyment of the facilities of 
the institution through a sheer lack of 
adequate provision. 

Purpose of the IJrlve* 
^ellx M, Warburg, President of the 
restoration, presided, tind among: the 
speakers were Louis Marshall. Licut- 
Col. Paul Gibson. Louis J. Robertson t 
Chairman of the September Campaign* 
and Coh IT* A. Guinzbevg, Chairman 
of the General Committee. Individual 
reports were : made from the floor by 
the Chairman of the trade committees- 
In explaining the purposes of the drive 
and the benefits that would come from 
it, Mr* \Varbui-g laid stress upon 'the 
co-operative spirit and unselfish atti- 
tude which had been displayed by the 
largest and smallest institutions con- 
cerned. ■• Despite the fact," he said. 
*' that some institutions will gtt less 

than they might havo got if they had 
Solicited funds Individually, and others 
will get more, when the disadvantages 
of individual effort were made clear to 
them* they were &H ready to abide by 
the decision of a central committee, 
no that in the end th%' greatest cood 
would be done to the Greater number. 

"■ This id tut: mna _&*,«*.* i*, uk ^a-tn- 
paign, The Directors of the institutions 
have already made their contribution 
of more than 53.CWJO.0U0: The second 
t na ■;■,■ v. n.i the obtaining of pledges from 
trade Chairmen. In the coming week 
you will an ko out fur the contribution? 
of all th^ people. We really iio not 
Know how Ions: the campaign will tast. 
i u- we £hall ti?ver close our bo oka until 
I"* per ceiit< ara si^n^d up. + " 

Colonnl (Ju-'u?.ber^ told r-f several men 
cC varied financial ability who had 
ilI ready eoiitiiuu^d. Aatftau l j ioi* 
heimer, he said, had given $B0,OCK> p Louis 
^lanshalh £50.000. arid another , Leon 
(joMrlch, a man of moderate salary, 
had pledged out of that. £2£t> a year for 
the next four years, 

Homo LarjfB Contribution^, 

Other Urge contribution a announced 
last night were those of Charles Kaye, 
*S5.000: Alfred Heinsheim, ffo,Q00; Sol 
J, Rosen ban m t *20>00U. and Colonel 
fTutnfcberg himself, $2 T 500 for each 
in 111 Ion collected, his minimum con- 
ttlbuUon to be 520,000, Jacob Itappa- 
p<>rt announced thai the cloak and suit 
trade had pledged Itself to raise $1,000,- 
COG instead of the £700,000 which was at 
first alto lied to it. 

Other large pledges were automobiles 
and sundries, £llQ t OOf>: bankers and 
brokers, H^OG.OljO; clears and ci par- 
ities. Sl^U.QUO; department stores, 
$£10,000: dresses and waists, $120,000; 
furs. $400, 000 l jewelry . manufactures, 
$120,000; judges and lawyers. $3ZO.UO0 : 
metals. S~"**>,0QQ ; marine piaLure*. SliiO.- 
Qttft; real estate, $1 00,000; retired tou sl- 
ur ss men. AlfrfUXK}; shirts, $125,000; 
silks, $310, QGO: woolens and worsteds, 
SJfio.000. It was also announced that a 
Ivtegrain hud u«en received from, the 
furriers ti.tttrndintf tlie auction in St. 
Louis that at a dinner held In that city 
S130.0QG had been pledged to the fund. 


Published: September 15, 1919 
Copyright ©Tbe New Yoit Times 

"JEWS EXPECT DRIVE TO PASS $10,000,000 Industries and Professions Pledge 
$6,000,000 for Philanthropic Building Fund." 

The New York Times, September 15, 1919. 

No.181, June 1923 

3-l,c,\cUTllcirkrimcs j une ig 192 3 


Organization Has Raised 70 Per Cent, of the Amount. 


BALTIMORE, June lS -- Six million dollars has been raised In the e E_MAIL 

past two years by Jewish organizations in the United States devoted lg permissions 
to the rebuilding of Palestine, and of this sum 84,250,000, 

amounting to 70 per cent, of the total, has been raised by the Palestine Foundation Fund 
(Keren Hayesod) according to a report read at tonight's session of the Zionist convention 
here by Emanuel Newmann, General Secretary of the Palestion Foundation. 


The New York Times, June 19, 1923. 

No. 182, December 1924 

^^curijcirkrimcs December 8 1924 


Untermyer Reports on 3 Years 1 Work to National 
Council of Palestine Foundation. 



In the three years since its inception, the Palestine Foundation Fund, 

of which Samuel Untermyer is the President, has spent more than lg permissions 

86,900,000 on the rebuilding of the Holy Land, it was announced 

yesterday at a conference of the National Council of the organization at the Hotel Astor. 


The New York Times, December 8, 1924. 

No.183, April 1926 

ti&r 1 

TUHDAY, APRIL S«, lftfcfl 


To the Jews of New York 

An Accounting of the 


Sent on their mercy nii&tun during the past ten years 

By the Jews of America through the 


PcJ*nd. Liil*uipi# unti fcurlmd fPriat 

Id ItBOf .,,..,, .... ,fl^B43<KMU 

IU»i. uid Kiknim I.4T&323.&1 

, • PgUrai , , MWljFMWl 

Pkhitiiiv T^BOWOM 

R«PHk IPiwtolWIi 4jmJ,1VUH 

Autiu ud H«lg»n ( PW to i *20 1 :,W4,Qftl 1 P 

G™*w, ISrtij. 5*^i* **id -yi* (Friw 

;n L>2Ui . , L3?A**&J4 

OVER «ven milion 3ftWl wcie ESS ™«r*; : .! B, ?tJ21S PkEATH Mttto in every Jewiih 

h*!pcd and helped until we St-V \v;;;;;;;/;,7;^:; ;:::;" SiiSS '-^ homc P* atil { ™ m nt w-' 

thaueht thev could care fnr them- CMd»si*nkM ■■'■ ■ wu«n death from disease, death wlf- 

*i**. si™ ;;:::::;: ::;;: SSSS impo>«i. « th E dau>- m <« m 

. i | it 8*^H--' "■■ 5* £J£ Jew in Lhosc countries. 

In this wc were niKbakcn., Kir tttc CmtnJ e^p- bomgisb 

hope of a new and better day for ££li«rf ""' m^n Unable to endure the sutiering ot 

The Jews of Europe lvhj. rudclv J*f*n < Ydwiiw* T»fu*^»> ist<«imo their ta>csl units, rosun kill ihem' 

HdII«ti1 ,'„ hriit n. ■ HI1S,7D , 

HhattcnsH, Ub pwn«s— - at,«w.» selves. 

Peatc had'uuiuc hi battle-scarred" s >^- --■-, «* Urpriflfl i**i -J urns arc L-lnsari tar fact 

Eujop*. bur not *r>r ihe Jews. H ate SSE* "■'.!» "-i ' !■ ui^fl""" SSJ.SS rf r**$ Schools and reJ i^iotis in- 

wMBtillrampdntinsnariv European fi£ ,k * li " S21E rtitutions arc dosed for [aek of 

countries BuM* ..'.'.'.'.'.'... 3MC.!« support. 

Bovootta, special iegjslariun, ^eciai g*S» ^2^ Thousands ot hungry children 

toe*, limitation of activities, reatric- S£ W« mam the siree* in watch uf bread 

tion of labor-aJl were aimed at the g^ 1JJSS Hundreds o* thousands o* men and 

Jew, with th* result that a new «*- «^ Tu n i* ■«■ rvmp MjMj women pray that they may he 

nonnc tris* nvcrwhriftiiu! their,. bSZ? ".V . . u£« <P ajed *c fatc ** ^°« ^ h <> ^'C 

Euthofiift tj*7,BB aireadv died m^erahk. unnatural 

In Poland, in Eathunid, In Gilicia, •*"** 1 WP deaths. 

in R&UITHF*^. "i RM-t^i^iihis, in 

Lithu^ia, inU. in A»«i^ i.i This Vast Sum Was Rttwed by £E£2!&££fa2 f" !" 

!i . ,, , , „ {greater Nftw lOrk who Mcli keenly 

Gemany m Hungaiy «d m Rus aa . AMEB1CAN f EWISH RELIEF COMMITTEE rhe sl j rrinR o( hi , ^p,, 

ft, j«,sh *. ™~ *" « CENTTIAL RELIEF COMMITTEE , t ;, B " , tblt ^ lnd wi „ 

■fvas ai anv time during the ttrnMc ,l ■■ a !■«■>■■*■ rnat muii ana wm 

vears o* the War PEOPLES RELIIF COMMITTEE he answered! 

Tier* is onjt hdpe lor the Je** of Eahtcfi Europe, iind rhai Hope is in the Campaign of 


New being Taised throughout America through rue L ntted Jewish Campaign 
Greater New Yort'i share nf this anumnt isi 



"Ihe C^mpa'P* ac*ni APRIL 25*f anii eixft MM ?■;)>, 


Hfe CWlW« CLiirm-Jl XjU. fkiirmin Tftimwr yiorffciiHfcjt 

■ MMMAMHALL ""•Afif™ IWHIMMIW Hi-W, H " BE U.™™ M 

'■>H hi.-nip Aklvilorv CAUWil ^iir-tHirniwn '■"■■ ricautef 

"Greater New York's share of this amount is SIX MILLION DOLLARS UNITED JEWISH 

New York Evening Post, April 20, 1926. 

No.184, April 1926 

"In Heaven's Name, 
Arouse the Jews of America! " 

This is the cry that comes from the 
Jews of Europe to the Jews of America 

"Mike i hem understand dial we are dying! M^kc 
them understand that a whole people is dying! 

Dying for lici of food! 

Dying for lack 0/ vitdicul help*. ^\ 

Dying (or lack of teller ! . >- . 

"Make chem underhand that hundred* upon hun- 
dred* ire killing themselves because their Mjfferinjj 
and (he iutfering of their loved ones ha* made life 

"Make them understand that millions of jew* aie 
trapped in Europe and theTe is no hope except the 
Jews of America help, 

"We solemnly declare lif the Jew* of America that 
never in the history of the Jewish people, dating back 
for centuries, w»i there a situation like ihi^and never 
before in the history of (he Jewish people was there 
any emergency a* rt cat as this - 
'Time and a sain (lie Jews of America have saved m 
(torn death* A fid aow p from «he depths of ouf 
despair, we plead with you again to help lift quickly 
or we perish. 11 

EitreCC from ■ ItEtcr rccrivri freed one of the l**d- 
iA* }#wi in Europe fo Di^ id A- Brawn, Nitio.ijl 
r CCdnun, United Jt*Uh Ctmfulpi fof 3 1 *jKW JX& 

Jews of New York you luve the opportunity snd privilege of saving these, your 

people* by subscribing ainc vet before during the Campaign about to be conduct^. 

Every Jew worthy of the name will want to ^arr y hi» full shatc of this great T*- 


E°ery Jew will want to give answer, to the e*y that come* from Europe, - 

"In Heaven's Name, Arquse the Jews of America 

New -York's Quota 




United Jewish Campaign of New York 

April I5ih to Uiy 9th Hrj^Mittcf if BHimon Hotel ' ". 



^avid a. skqvcf 

JA'kiLiM. BHl-NUm, 


qtf> a- a^sAumr 


t Ti 

"In Heaven's Name, Arouse the Jews of America! New York's Quota: $6,000,000 
United Jewish Campaign of New York" 

The New York Times, April 21st, 1926. 

No.185, April 1926 

...., r ,.. : ,,,. I .,, ; _, >7 ... v ^..,_ .,.„..,,. ... r ^ r .,,.. ,_. ,. ., -,,.,,,-., .,, : 




Let this great Tonic 
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n» JL-jiTiH mak Jej / 

r[ Eeuiiii I 111! Itck Jtrjwi vr.l. 

Ill ITVhp H' ■' puilin H ErE.Hr 


you sec tbe 


in your hamfel 

KITCmLH SOrU* li Uh- diilfwa 
m .-,;<• hLoii rid, njuah, ur.- 
mnrREdblE. C.-i li ■ n- . -i.- . ■■■ 
U nil,.- u -li' fir.r"- 1aikt -t»-. 

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Mfr III thf-r-ErJIi**- «« EiiHSjU 
■OliJlIjlf MM [.VJi—twa ilia. 
MrcrHn. Co., CdCXUb*. Mm«- 


Mil. HtHu«W.I">>: S*ve Mifrilftlr- 

MA1\:^- 50 COURT ST, b.v..7MI 

CHAS, D, STRjWG, Inc. 

Flreprwf Stpvaae Wt\reI\Mf9Wi 

IfiE-jfiqi Cm*; L.U.J ,.^.-lKT-Lti & PurlWJ At>. 

Mating— PhcIuui; — Slorage— SiErar VadU 

Wi ifrvi.llr. | r lb. rJnl-rilii: a r ml. Vl- ibjaluilp |iirul« » 
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Y es -^Off-OiIpr H Teeth 
Cm Now Be -lightened 

Gums JYnmcr *o HvtSthy CwbJ JSJnf 

A^-CEpt fuiL lii.di.T nir*i of dilt new way iPbm t-tjJinur «1rnn| ' 
fiu:hr.riti:i oxM, Your wkK an ihm. nahi-dfi^ dull . . , 
simply iiw iid nl lf| m liingy Sim lxip>l nciw *vuilj dhucd nl 1 

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irn li r<.i*Js, iJii.n tiJ] liTlfl ; 
irn inj -Kin kiimiL 






w In Heaven's Name, 
Amuse the Jews of America!" 

This is the cry that comes from the 
Jews of Europe to the Jews of America 

"Make them understand that we are dying I Make 
them understand that a wh&Le people is dying! 

Jlying for lack of food! 

Trying for tack of medical hdpl 

Dying /or fflcfc uf shelter! 
'*Mafee them understand that hundreds upon hun- 
dreds are killing themselves because their suffering ' 
and the mfTering of their loved ones has made life 

"Make them under stand that miEItan-i of ]cw& are 
trapped in Europe end ttarc is no- hope except the-' 
Jews of America h*lp- 
"We solemnly declare Co the Jews of America [hat 

r _ '■ -■ fOf-jCiJ- ULL-L..:h. '". \y liut.. ,^S . : l.C I llU-:. : ..l:ll^ -UuL ^L-i^f " 

hcftjrc: in ■ tnef history ^bl: the JtwiSh^ptuplc was thert! 
any em^g^ncy as gteat ; i - iH is 
"Time arid again the Jews of America have saved us 
from death. And now. from Ehe depths of our 
dtipair, we plead with you again to help us quictdy 
or we perish*" 

E*tr*« frilin a lettrr r(:oiM,r;1 CtTiiLT Ctl & ai Ehe leftLf- 
.:icj lew* in EuiVipo to l"lR.y[d A, ["Srown, Nstlnnal 
Cliafrrfiati,l(Jn.LL*d JtWitlLCactipaLBtt fof$l5,COa,.Mi>, 

JiiWS of New Ytjrfc|.yGii linvc the opportunity a-nd privilcpc of paving these. YOUr 
people, by subscribing asnevecbefore during the Campaign about to be conducted. 
Every Jew worthy of the name will want to carry His full share of this, great re- 
sponsibility. ■ 

Every Jew will want to give answer to the ety that comes from Europe 

In Heaven's Name, Arouse the Jews of Arneried I n 

itr^kbi, q^i ll New York's; Quota 


ALtM TTimtr-n fliiibdUnn;' 


United Jewish Campaign of New York 

,'Vl . i \ '25i 1 1 m M :. y n c k 1 ! frtdn juflr( tr*i Bll I tilurt I HoEct 


Iiiimr5 11. Sr-nwrnrilj!. 

PrnhA-V" nh-iit+* 


Jav^li j. CoLtlS^ilJ^? 


BlRSEfiTJH. UlfnfAN 

thu-Tnj-iq J!tconilrrtt»Hv (*™n. 

UAvn n a. SiaVM s'j.i:-l uaer walli 

SJflil. Chpjin'^n TrtM*h 

HAVID M. BRESSLra ir, A. GUN7J.URG AMirj, I'.'cij.iirr 

v-hiirmir., Advijccy C*u'c-1 


"In Heaven's Name, Arouse the Jews of America! New York's Quota: $6,000,000 
United Jewish Campaign of New York" 

The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, April 26th 1926, page 1 1 . 

No. 186, March/April 1926 

In April 1926 The United Jewish Campaign Committee launched a drive to raise $6,000,000 in New York City. Below 
I've reproduced just four stories from the New York Times' archive, which was just a tiny percentage of the stories 
they published which mention the figure of $6,000,000 in relation to this campaign. I performed a search in their 
online archive for "$6,000,000 Jewish campaign", restricting the search to just 1926. It returned a result of 69 
separate articles. 

Eljc jNciu ijork Eimcs 

Mar 14, 1926 

GIVES $50,000 TO AID JEWS.; Colonel Lehman, 
Contributing to Drive, Tells of Distress Overseas. 


A gift of 850,000 was made to the United Jewish Campaign of New 

York yesterday by Colonel Herbert H. Lehman, according to an 

announcement by William Fox, Chairman of the S6,ooq,ooo drive in 

New York City, as part of the 815,000,000 overseas chest which the United Jewish 

Campaign is seeking for aid of their destitute brethren in foreign lands. 

E3 e-mail 


5?l)f JXcUi ijork Eimcs 

Mar 17, 1926 

$6,000,000 Here for Overseas 


Hie first paragraph is not available for "his anide 

Organize to Help Raise 




EIj* JfcUi ijcrk STiiiics 

Apr 18, 1926 

$6,000,000 Is New York's Quota Toward $15,000,000 
Chest tor Relief Work Abroad. 



Next Sunday an intensive city-wide campaign will begin for the 

largest quota ever sought in any single community in the history of Ijg permissions 

Jewish philanthropic effort in America, it was announced yesterday. 

From April 25 to May q the United Jewish Campaign Committee will undertake to raise 

36.000,000, which is New York's quota toward the national 815,000,000 overseas chest. 

SJIk iXcUr ijork Snmcs 

Apr 22, 1926 

JEWS PICK LEADERS IN $ 6 .000.000 DRIVE: Fannie 
Hurst Tells Luncheon of Conditions She Saw on Tour of 
Eastern Europe. 




Committee chairmen of the Women's Division of the United Jewish 

Campaign fQrS6.000.000 were announced yesterday at a luncheon 

at the Hotel Biltmore. Mrs. Alexander Kohut told of conditions she 

witnessed on her trip to Eastern Europe and urged the newly appointed committee heads 

to spare no effort toward raising the $500,000 which the women have pledged as their 

share of the New York quota. 

No.187, April 1926 


rAY cvRimra, atwl m, iou. 

i% fffcir C/ric 

Service Bureau 

I-M1D-IH *Kl* I'L -.IT ■■•I 

In t«Jniir. nmit a >■ ■ * n.koHt ■* 

Mil .-pi. ■!>. t>»b>d 1.11.1 h*i* wtl tny -Jihw Imi" 



o* Fou*PWjem 

LUu * r |. P i.- i 

~»HlH %f Ikf ■ 


!.•... Li ,. »r e 

■-^a j*.*~ jHflsr REA"PMT10NED 

iad wttiu l mum if HirkiL 
>u«4. ui JeAii «iiiw. hull 


■tvwv r^-T Kar- 

:, .1 M.UU I.. iu 

>»i""* "^ :■"<■-*! ^-i— ri "Tt, „ 'Szr 

rm mni.tnu^iai i_,a, 

I* * ** ML u& Lj-p J. .. J l, Is .... 

ft n:..r- H^r- 

jMT 'JSFS3 tray.;:- : ■:■■.:■:: ..",..■" 


T£?JL>527 n«™*i r™*™i o*in*ifc- up- 

^- i In piJi niM h TwJ.fcJ iq 

jl*. ty H, Si- <n«*inwi .„; h- -mIUm H Iiii 

rH#. Mfcbnvi* Mfcilr un ■■■! rnn Iw muM " 

'«"■ "M^ I Hni knHI ud Ji»i £ Oil- 

i iV- ■ "■ '■■ .- i--- »-- lli 

_ nun n ■- 1- u.iiii Mu 

I to CanJwnn Wjth. Uhi 
O. H d By Ci: j . 

civ** Itr mill H hi pir ml 

lb hM IT bt Hhnu ta jmdi 

jUlIM H UpiDdnkri if ^U ld< 

Hr. ::uuii» mii un ink ,Jr. 

— uE K <^ n I. b b. 

—A..^. _.J«J —I V[ riH 
.., Ik. nl»l .... I.. ..II, r 

:•-■>■■ T«4Ui, ** H— « .1 |- ■.. 
Ihw mn «->]b>it ^rJMir* L. . 


■ rav. bin lain! HI* 

i. -.iiu .u>il| m. n .^t 

fin thnan inn u iH i^wL 

I— •* ** ^.—i imm to i pvM>> IiI*f» "h" _ ^* J«iJ 

BTj JEfim KSmT S Sm *3TT*™. mm 

la in ■ Fif hnr 

iSvL _ 

■■■lliiii huiHdij. 

TD« pil_H-,L fc.Jyi .nr I*- ■ 
II jfc- ShVj ■_ l^ ffcbV, BHd | 
■"V"l -T I"- r-lT«. --HJi Ml H 

-niHj »4 **+. -hi ■ i ■ 1 1 1— wy iM 

IC^Uilllf llUr !i 

la in. luvi C«un lm . 
.-.I - . ' ■ in- BuliB cf X 
h r. - *.. mi* . ii ii m 
immMn — 1 WhjI «♦***- bf ■ 
^Tji'VJlii mi iu far u 

|.p -llrk hi-r. hi — i-TiCb rvi^i ; 
IHI>"« l« !*• nHtai k.l — ■» ■ 

hitnff ■ 

FOR crn's TITLE 


"'■■■ B um 


LEVY NOW i^.'ilJ 

Tht Cttatur iiuuii ibtL lb. 

.JMH «•!.-: 
— — m IT.^ij' u|hi -in-* tn— 

nV.--luv-r l^jv »-..r !«•■■ ., II.- t l • 

Mj 7"'v1m iP--.rri-.7- i r-j. 
'Inn inifiti >sr*. l-Li-.i- tHE 

LIB. J lOUt m brl |l»'ii lit 
Lll— l»V .f III III I Li _l JJ- 
fi ■l.drlii^ Hqjlllrc. C~+l 

jTM 4m rf m i» j frt till baa 
■in AiiJ ii bvuiuc -iii Ltu imc 

ty ill HiLbuTrjr liu nf IpMi ii<> 

kikam Bun. ..,. _.--, ph. ■-.. 


••i ■ (■- 1 ■ 


The Bridge Plaza Electrical 
Supply Company, Inc. 

Jfjl ih* l^mrgmst tUkf Ftftft *lin> af 
Lifbttat FlMtarts -m Yam S*i«evvn 

Kir* yva °HU find ■■ <tilf pktC line at the bfftttfr 

type lighting fixiUJef, pradflfiLIJI, ft»f 3wnp* 
uid bo«A»r Hjncn diBpldyedt atlELnf ffl* ft* 
IkTVMit prices. Fly HI 1 ."Liit. Ca f raril TMItl t« 
r«T3 wJtnra lII LhiiW SwulhsEuI EitjaJTei, uA 
]|irp4 nee dkipLiyed. Vi'e Know yaa"A LLVe Lt 
and y«1t ftud Jwt wlu: fou unnt, 

Bridge Plaza Electrical Supply Co., Inc. 



jR- firi »f rtan 
HTXV ryiTL 1 P. H. BfainiAT Jj i.T DM »T ,IFW "T-kit xv« 

iii' mini iii: i iiiiiiiiii -iiiiiiih mini!:. ;niii!iiii!!iii mini ic-iiiiiiiii; mill 

"In Heayen's Name 
Arouse the Jews of America!*' 

This is the cry that comes from the 
Jews of Europe to the Jews of America 

"Make ihetn nndcrituHl tkut we kpc dybj! M*ke dienn under itand thtit a. wbale ptqpla u dlyiii ff : 

"Malt* than uiuLerataiid Ut*t hundradi upon hundred, 
tua kHJitj lAomidlTva baeauie tbair Mifferiixv nnd ike 
■ufferiniy of their Isvad anea ku TUndc h'f« unbearable 

M Mak* limre. undvritand that aiiUSoni of Jawt- *±k 
Ixaptxd in Europe ind rhere ii no hop* except lie Jew* 
of America Kelp. 

etarnily dhttlaia In tin J«v* e* Amcric. ih*t 

never in the hiitory of tae Jewub peeple, dating b*-ck 
for cnhirin, waa tfaara a lituallui liti thia, and nmr 
before in ilka hlaLory of tbc Jewiih poopjo waa there any 

rmergEticjr u ijrajii jl* taUr 

"Time anc\ Kgnin the Jewi of America hare; lared u» 
from dk*th, ^ And now, from die depth* at out d««pair P 
we plwid with you af tin tq help ih qiachly or we 

Kstrirt rt^n ■ EtEler j«*It «9 Th^i «m vf tfej 1«J- 
l"I Jew* j n Piirm» Bf P|*idi A. T 

i&dii, 1 r*a>d AMUi Ca»»<%i ^TUtM****. 


Sunday, MAY 2, 1926, at 8 P.M. 



Jew* of Aauria, ymi ha T e the ftppcH-nvity and pHvileB* pf win* then, yqui people, by idb- 
ACTihuir ** i»*e# tnfiicn duriBj (ha CimpaJ«n ■.hoBl |g W conducted. 
Mt^it Jew wermr fl f the name will want re tarrj h» ruiJ ihare of Ihia zraat reipotunnlitr. 
Enry Jew will wot to cite axwwer ts> the cry that comet from Europe. 

In Heaven 's Name, Arouse the Jews of America!" 

$ 6,000,000 

UNITED JEWISH CAMPAIGN april 25th to may 9th 

mn it WAitWRC^ 

W1U |AM rox 



114 ST^NWAy'aVKNlIE 


"In Heaven's Name, Arouse the Jews of America! New York's Quota: $6,000,000 
United Jewish Campaign of New York" 

The Daily Star (Queens, NY) April 30, 1926, page 8. 

No.188, April 1926 

"SIX MILLION DOLLARS ... United Jewish Campaign of New York' 

New York Evening Post, April 30, 1926, page 5. 

No. 189, May 1926 

Will tire Jews of New Yorirbetthe Jews of Europe Die? 

Whtn th*y know the f**U they will «ay: The Jew* of Efimpe mast live 


TtlAt ii the question which tht J*ws of New York C«y ITHJIt 
IllflWir— Hut! cvEryone uf th E nnoft thin 1.5OQJQO0 Jewi oF <ti* 
.Urjjr&r, she riclleit zonimunLty in Lie wot Id muit snawer. 

That is ihE qiiistl-flrt -which you, and lhoujindt inorB "ycais", 
wiio a re rcadinfe this, must lamxr. 

Tnia flUClliwi is not hclng put hi yen For Cht Bfikt of bsbtg 
Benistiansl. It in Sie^f pu,E EG you boceuw it li the aciml *r»fc.L 
fact It Kepeajdi on yau u i; dejxudi on the Jews at New York, 
And en -all the Jew? of thai c-Winu^ WbSlh.CC the Jews oF Europe 
tUlll lart, nr wturtbE* Ihe Jew? of EurtpE ihstl die. 

HtifE nrt the Facti: 

Ont-tlllfd dJ the Jrwi oE Poland are Bt«rvi[\£ mw — star ying 

riehi now, 

AnolKir Jlipd of the Jews of Poland sre da thf- verge Q f 

GmiJitLeii hundreds nr (jLQLUsnLll tTict* ace Btarving En 
BirtArrahaa, in Hoonfljus, in LiTfihuiaiu in GiktLi. Ln Gatmin^ 
bl .«"■ i :- ■ - 

And over haiE gF the Jew* oE Fvih ja Aft wi the Twins' of 

Thnusandt — tto oile will evef know how Rttny tiiouaajids of 
Jew* in Eur<yj*— hax't died alrEady. Died from hunjef, died 
fTMH typhm, ilttL fiDin othEr huncer L 'iif awa, died by IfieLr own 
hands becn-jjt tiify tiHdd do longer eo^u-re ihl hctffWA of iL-fe, 

A pound oF black bread A w«k li ill that ccoal of the jew* 
6f Eur*p« harv* tn live isn! Or A p^und of cununEslI Or a haJf- 
uouiid nl po-.i:- 

Hflw"loTLgj- could you live 5F (flit won til y&U "had to 15te on? 

Haw laag; could your ehUdnn )(ye? 

It wmM kill _von . It would kill your -: hi Idren. 

It is kLULDg une Jewi uf Eunptr TtloUaUldi o£ Jswiib 
chiHrEn in Europe pre dyJRiT ^(bt PIW? wJfcil* v D ii rtad thii, 
bWAUH thftv- CUuuiL [El miLk, because dielf motheri 1 brt*fi» 
hiWE fcrji.r dry from Met: of food uid from uffermf. 

Here you HflTf ih* U«A AE4H3C tha JflWl df EbnpA. FicU 

which yon muiE Ike. F? ctl P*ii*h yw HUfllt «ttoh wil4l. Aild 
will theiE tErrsble Eicti befoce you. we ppk : 

"WiU the Jtwi of Ntw Ycit let the Jtwi af Eurapt dief" 

Whit is your laitre;? 

Yol and Evsry Jew Id Hew York CLcy. the LirpEP,t mud mott 
r-v^-.rrcais JrtrLdi cDfonnudly in tit* wurfd; yM h And SVAriT Je* 
an AmeruM r muAt iniwin? tbii i|UMdun. ^^^^^ 

tt wiEl |ie put. tEj yoq fllnectET clnrir.f the Ifi h: Ur.iTE^ 

Jewish Csmpaibjo al New York which begui on Apiil 25lh. 

Wh»t i* M« answef ei th# Jew* of pfew Yock? 

Whit ii yvur-raAwep? 

We V* Leve tJ:at your injWEr^-thst lilt iMWtC uE ihr JtWA 
of Sew Ydtw will be the wnc iniwrr -Ji-ot « \.*r.n. A £iv(:ii ^i* 
the Jews o£ ihd nit uf AeoaHcj.: 

ThE Jewi oE EunopE nnoit iwt die I 

The Jews r*\ Eurcpe *h*'.l live" 

The Jews of Hew Ynrk will Oat III Hoe Jew! uf EatnfA dLi E 


H«turerF Chainnan 

CbsuELj. , 



hL Jewiih. Ctrnpsign ui Iftt* York 


Njlinfutl ebsinnsfl. 


H-ftftWaft ChuntTlfi 


The Jews of Corona Must and Will Do Their Duty 

It tlnnot be expecud id ni«h Irtry jew In this cooununity dismal?. The EncTTrtfrUA tril*dy- facLun; our pAupLl nukei 
h n-upEf stive dmt tvttf Jlw whethn: iFirtvily reichod or not AtlAtl dffTttl ti mudl As posiJblA. Wt Ham* bjUI Ihs meaju to 

Wt hiTB thereioTD- opfned hEadq^HJlEn tor CoronA At thl office of Sutiuel PerK^tfal lotll enlln&UVAl du &MI J Ioi u i P 
JVllJonsr Buirk Building, 1&3H Strait IM Nfiftiwm Boulevard. This office wfll&e open ireiy dpy stJ away iff A Hflf Ifl ID?. H. 
tun Hky 3rd |* Ma? ilh, ifttJusiT*, wtion ths drive ends. 









"Will the Jews of New York Let the Jews of Europe Die? 
directly during the $6,000,000 United Jewish Campaign ..." 

It will be put to you 

The Daiiy Star (Queens, NY) May 3, 1926, page 8. 

No. 190, May 1926 


T^E NEff T03RK XaiEa MQNTAy, KAY 11. UM-. 

flfflfflcncuTTOiK i-™;™. 


i Il^iHeh htlin Dr-Ln* 

L JTl™ rf EUL 

Tk. ■ | r ■ J :kr liH# 4*dl 4( Lin, 

ky it. ^r, -^r"-i -— -I T ii< 
If .- ml .■ ■- "«''■■ —J -- 

Jti. luMJJIM'l:il l*1K* "^T 

lu hjifui. ni ^bhk m lb 

«f kH HlPd tf ■HktH' Mj WW 

nrtCwp ■ t^„ _^ i, tar 

hullu ulh. TIh hUb -u WiJ 

ta>4t*%Hrt ip"« 

■ eb Mi *""!.- 

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UfliD of aJJ modprn B*nripmmL and e 

be placed in daQ? eervieeort a. Cut 


Slseuinf Cue, &ft±IjLmrf Dixiine 
C«- E*m« and CchcIibs, 

Am I My 


Is Being An§u?ercd by the 
Jews of New York 

Sudi an outpourltig of love and sympathy hu nowt been 
equalled in j h'i- hi-;ir.rv of Ji:^ i philantlltopy here or 
elsewhere* p 

Liie«iUy tboywnde open thousand, of subscriptions have 
flowed in as from a. mighty Niagara^ 

At the present rate it lopkd aa if every Jew in Greater New 
York who can afford to subtcribe to this great Life Saving 
Fund will do so. 

There is a possibility of our icachiog our six million dollar 
(junta Monday night il those who mean 10 subscribe hat 
have not as. yet done so will carry out the following 
suggestions i 

FiU out the coupon below AT ONCE — . 

Cue or tear it out and mail to 

United Jewish Campaign 
Hotel Biltmore 

Arrangements have been made with the Post Office 
Department to ru&h all mail to us upon receipt of it. 
Please remember payments can be made over a period of 
three years — *o give on that basis? 

Giving ha? a twofold quality — a blessing to those who 
receive and a blessing to those who gEve. 
Act at once and help make possible an announcement to 
th4 world that Wew Yotk Jews have over-subscribed 
their six million dollar quota a&4 have arawetcd with a 
mighty YES, the' old time question 

"Am I My Brother's Keeper?" 

United Jewish Campaign of New York 





""Am I My Brother's Keeper?" United Jewish Campaign of New York ... $6,000,000" 

The New York Times, May 17, 1926, page 12. 

No. 191, May 1926 



JVrirtrcg the first draft of Jewish history since 1917 

1IAY l8, 1.926 

United Jewish Campaign in New York 
Approaches ■ I Goal 


Nearly | |was raised in New York toward the $25,000,000 United Jewish 
Campaign, it was announced at a rally of 1.500 workers Monday night. It was decided 
to extend the campaign in New York until the entire SS H ls secured. Acting 

Chairman David M. Bressler announced that the total had reached $5,761,000, an 
increase of over a half million dollars since the last workers' rally on Thursday. The 
additional $239,000 and more. Mr. Bressler declared, would be raised by next 
Monday, when the local campaign will be concluded Hundreds of workers announced 
their willingness to go on for at least another week. Mr. Bressler pointed out that 
notwithstanding that only a small proportion of New York's Jewry had been approached 
to contribute to the drive, a larger sum of money has been raised than ever before in 
any single Jewish philanthropic campaign in New York 

Enthusiasm ran high at the rally. Chairmen of several trades, who had hitherto failed to 
reach their quotas, declared that the extension of the campaign would permit their 
trades to pass the amounts assigned to them, while other workers who had already 
reported completion of their quota expressed confidence that they would raise 
additional sums. 

The motion to extend the campaign another week, to give the various divisions the 
needed time to make up the amounts still needed to fill their respective quotas, was 
made by Louis Marshall, honorary chairman of the campaign, and seconded by Felix 
M. Warburg, also honorary chairman. The vote of the assembled workers was 
unanimously in favor. 

In his speech presenting the motion, Mr. Marshall pointed to the decisive effect for the 
immediate destinies of the Jews of Poland of the overthrow of the old government and 
the possibilities of new political and social adjustments presented by the revolution 
now taking place in that country. 

"I haven't the slightest doubt of the accuracy of what I am about to say. that as things 
have now shaped themselves in Poland the money we will be able to send there will do 
much more good than it could have done thirty days ago," Mr. Marshall said. "This is a 
time when ready money will talk and act and achieve results. We have no doubt now 
that the money we are raising will save lives but we will also do a more important thing 
After these lives are saved we will be able to reconstruct the industries of the Jews in 
Poland so that they will be able to become self - supporting. That is and really has 
been our great object. I have never had a moment's doubt that we could do it, but now I 
am assured that our work will be greatly facilitated by the historic events of the last few 
days. I have never had any doubt of another thing, however much some people have 
stated otherwise, and that is, that the heart of the Jews of New York City is in the right 
place. It is said that the lion of Judea slumbers, but when he awakens he is ready for 
business and I think if we go on as we have gone on in this campaign, and enable 
people to visualize the terrible conditions that prevail in Europe, and what we are trying 
to do to help that the Jews of New York, who have never been found wanting, will not 
be found wanting now." he stated. 

"It is no doubt true that we have fewer contributions than we have had in previous 
campaigns, but those contributions have risen to the occasion and have given an 
average amount which has never been equalled anywhere in the world. 


"We are prepared to go on with this campaign until we have exceeded the 56. 
goal. That money is sure to come. I would favor the cessation of the active part of the 
campaign but the real campaign will continue as long as there is $1 to be secured 
from any Jew who is willing to give it. I would not consent that the chair man of this 
committee. Mr. Bressler the ladies" division, and the other active workers should make 
any further sacrifice than this, that will be required to balance up the books and to give 
us something "over the top. That's all we have a right to ask but we have a right to 
expect that those who have not yet responded should understand that we are making 
a new reform in the Jewish calendar. We are nearing the end of the month of lyar. We 
will have another lyar in necessary-seven weeks more until we get it all in. In order to 
use an expression which I have used several times of late, "they will all have to stand 
up and be counted: We shall now continue this campaign. I trust, by unanimous 
action. I move that this campaign continue until we have gotten very much over the top- 
-at least until we show $250,000 over the ■HH^B' Mr. Marshall concluded. 

'The great heart of New York has revealed itself beautifully by the manner in which it 
has responded to our appeal, especially during the past few days." said Mr. Bressler 
at the close of last night's rally. 'The total already obtained in this campaign is the 
largest sum ever raised from the Jews of New York for any one purpose and is in itself 
the best repudiation of the charge that is often made that this is a cold, indifferent, 
callous community. I am convinced that if we can keep working for a few days longer 
■.ve •.■.ill raise :■:■ JGO OOiJ and more by the end of the week." 

David A. Brown also addressed the rally. 

The Women's Division, of which Mrs. Abram I. Elkus is chairman, reached a total of 

Vice-Chairman Jonah J. Goldstein reported $13,000 additional from the Grand Street 
Bovs Association bringing the total contribution of that organization close to $100,000. 


Leon Lauterstein. chairman of the Rockaway division reported $235,000 against an 
original quota of $100,000. 

Hugh Grant Straus, treasurer of the Brooklyn division reported a total of $875,000. an 
increase of $109,000 since last Thursday's rally. 

The. Mew York ongmally had a quota of &4 00Q.QOO. j 
leaders at the home of Mr Felix M. Warburg, early this year, thi 

^p>ielocal drive was officially 
launched on April 25. at three banquets when $2,700,000 was subscribed. 

The first million dollars in the drive was subscribed by nine individuals Mr. Warburg 
leading with $400,000 followed by Mr. Fox with $250,000 Frederick Brown, $100,000. 
Herbert H Lehman. $50,000, Benjamin Winter $50,000. Louis Marshall. $50,000. 
Henry Ittelson, $40,000, Commodore Louis D Beaumont, $30,000 and Samuel C. 
Lamport, for the Lamport Supply Company. $30,000. The Charity Chest of the Fur 
Industry appropriated $120,000 and other large gifts to the fund include: Workmen's 
Circle, $50,000; Mr and Mrs. Simon Straus, $50,000; S. S and Lee Shubert, $50,000: 
Mortimer L Schiff. $50,000; Joseph Leblang. $50,000; Amalgamated Clothing 
Workers. $50,000: Mr. and Mrs. Paul M Warburg. $30,000: Samuel Untermyer 
$30,000; Temple Emanuel, $30,000 Mrs. Jacob H. Schiff. $30,000; Paul Baerwald. 
$30,000; Adolph S. Ochs $25,000: Jacob K. Newman, $25,000 Aaron Naumberg. 
$25,000; Arthur Lehman. $25,000: Michael Friedsam, $25,000; Joseph Frankel. 
$25,000; Henry A. Dix, $25,000; Gregori Benenson, $25,000: A. H. Woods, $20,000; 
Jacob Sperber. $20,000: Mr. and Mrs. Reuben Sadowsky. $20,000: Ludwig 
Vogelstein. $15,000: Max D. Steuer, $15,000; Henry Morgenthau, $15,000; Mayer 
Bernhard. $15,000: Nathan J. Miller. $15,000: Mr. and Mrs. Goodhart. $15,000: Mr. 
and Mrs. Harry Fischel, $15,000: Motty Bricken Construction Co., $15,000; Samuel 
Minskoff. $15,000; Benjamin Benenson, $15,000; William E. Lauer, $11,000; Truly 
Warner. $10,000; Meyer Vesell, $10,000: United Hebrew Trades. $10,000; Samuel 
Sachs, $10,000: Harry Sachs. $10,000: J. L Rubenstein, $10,000; Joseph Polstein. 
$10,000; Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Pforzheimer. $10,000: Mr. and Mrs. Sigmund M. Lehman, 
$10,000; Sam Levy, $10,000; Arthur M. Lamport, $10,000: Otto H. Kahn. $10,000; 
Jewish National Alliance. $10,000: "Jewish Daily Forward." $10,000: Jerome J. 
Hanauer, $10,000; Simon Guggenheim, $10,000; S. R Guggenheim. $10,000: Murray 
Guggenheim. $10,000; The Daniel and Florence Guggenheim Foundation, $10,000; 
Louis Gold, $10,000; Arnstein Bros & Co.. $10,000. 

A testimonial luncheon at the Hotel Astorwas tendered Sunday by leading members 
of the motion picture industry to National Chairman David A. Brown. 


Both Mr. Bressler and National Chairman David A. Brown commented on the interest 
and sympathy with the campaign evinced by non-Jews not only in New York, but all 
over the country. This was characterized by Mr. Brown as "a reaching of brotherly 
hands across the boundaries of race and creed for united action in the cause of 

"In New York we have had the active cooperation of Governor Smith and Mayor Walker 
and religious and lay leaders of all denominations including Cardinal Hayes. Bishop 
Manning. Rev. Dr. S. Parkes Cadman. Monsignor Yorke and the Rev. John Haynes 
Holmes. We have received substantial contributions from the Governor, from Cleveland 
H. Dodge. Judge George W. Olvany, Leader of Tammany Hall Judge F.. J. Gavegan, 
E. W. Fairchild and Ogden Reid to mention just a few of the larger givers, and down 
the line to Italian women and colored elevator runners who have brought or sent 
contributions with messages of cheer and good will." said Mr. Brown. 

"Gov. Smith's proclamation calling on the citizens of the State to contribute is not the 
only Gubernatorial endorsement of the campaign. Nationally we have the endorsement 
of Hon. Herbert Hoover and Gov. A. W. McLean of Nort Carolina and Gov. Alex J. 
Grosbeck of Michigan have called on the citizens of their respective states to bridge 
racial lines and make common cause in this humanitarian battle to save human lives," 
he declared. 

"One of the finest manifestations of good-will was the recent appeal of non-Jewish 
clergymen, publicists and educators to match our fund with another $15,000,000 
raised entirely from Christians. I have no doubt that there will be a very substantial 
response," Mr. Brown declared. 

A junior division of campaign contributors is being organized by Vice-chairman Jonah 
J. Goldstein among boys and girls who will be confirmants in the synagogues and 
temples this week at the services of the Shebuoth holiday. 

Following an appeal by Louis Marshall before the men's club of the Eighth Avenue 
Temple of Brooklyn, approximately $15,000 was subscribed. The meeting, the last of 
the season, was attended by 500 men. 

The quota of the state of Maryland in the United Jewish Campaign was increased from 
$500,000 to $750,000, a statement of the national headquarters declared. This action 
was taken at a conference in Baltimore at which David A. Brown was present, in view 
of the increase of the national quota of the United Jewish Campaign from fifteen to 
twenty-five million, it was stated. Jacob Epstein, who last September announced that 
he would contribute 10 per cent of the amount raised by his state, renewed his pledge 
which means that he will contribute $75,000. 

The conference was presided over by Judge Eli Frank of the Maryland Supreme Court. 

Charles Horowitz, for six years an assistant Corporation Counsel has been appointed 
Assistant Counsel of the Port Authority, it was announced. 

"United Jewish Campaign in New York Approaches $6,000,000 Goal ... Nearly 
$6,000,000 was raised in New York ... It was decided to extend the campaign in 
New York until the entire $6,000,000 is secured. ... We are prepared to go on with 
this campaign until we have exceeded the $6,000,000 goal. ... I move that this 
campaign continue until we have gotten very much over the top--at least until we 
show $250,000 over the $6,000,000, ... I am convinced that if we can keep 
working for a few days longer we will raise $6,000,000 and more by the end of the 
week. ... The New York campaign originally had a quota of $4,000,000. At a 
meeting of Jewish leaders at the home of Mr. Felix M. Warburg, early this year, 
through the insistence of Mr. William Fox, Chairman, it was raised to $6,000,000." 

Jewish Telegraphic Agency, May 18, 1926. 

No. 192, July 1929 

Article Preview 

JEWISH CHARIPIES TO ASK $6 ,000,000 ; 91 Agencies 
in Federation Face Largest Deficit in History, D.D. 
Sicher Reports. 96,604 AIDED AT CLINICS Montefiore 
and Mount Sinai Hospitals Lead in Amount of 
FreeService Given. 


Local Jewish charities will need 56,000,000 this year to meet the ^ e-mail 

operating deficit of the ninety-one agencies affiliated with the ^ permissions 

Federation for the Support of Jewish Philanthropic Societies, it w T as 
announced yesterday by Dudley D. Sicher, president of the federation, in making public a 

summary of the work for the year ending June 30. 

"JEWISH CHARIPIES (sic) TO ASK $6,000,000 ... Local Jewish charities (sic) will need 
$6,000,000 this year ..." 

The New York Times, July 28, 1929. 

In 1930 The Allied Jewish Campaign launched a drive to raise $6,000,000 in the United States. 
Below I've again reproduced just four stories from the New York Times 9 archive. And again it's 
just a tiny percentage of the stories they published mentioning this campaign and the 
$6,000,000 figure. I once more performed a search in their online archive for "$6,000,000 
Jewish campaign", restricting the search to just 1930. This time it returned a result of ?? 
separate articles. 

E1k iNcUi JJork STuncs 

February 10, 1930 

Article Preview 

TO PLAN $6,000,000 DRIVE.; 

Confer in Washington on Allied 


Leaders in Jewish communal effort in the United ! 
have been invited to a conference in Washington, 
and 9 to organize the allied Jewish campaign for J 
joint distribution committee and the Jewish ... 

Jewish Leaders Will 

states and Canada 

D.C., on March 8 



6,oqq,ooq for the 

EIk iKcUi JJork Kmcs 

March 2, 1930 

Article Preview 


Leaders of Many Groups Will Join Forces to Aid 
Sufferers in Palestine and Europe. 


The first paragraph is not available for this article. 


June 1, 1930 

Article Preview 

Public Appeal for Fund of $2,500,000 to Relieve 
Distress Overseas. STRESS WORKERS 1 NEEDS 
Campaign Here Is Part of National Effort to Ralae 
$6,000,000 as America's Contribution. 


It w T as announced yesterday that eighty-seven prominent New York 
Jews have signed a public appeal for support of the Allied Jewish 
Campaign's drive to raise $2,500,000 toward the S6, 000, ooo being 
raised nationallv. 

El e-mail 


SIk iNirtu JJork STuncs 

June 6, 1930 

Article Preview 

AID JEWISH FUND DRIVE.; 21 Business Leaders 
Pledge Their Support to $6,000,000 Campaign. 


Twenty- one leaders in the financial, industrial, real estate and 

insurance fields pledged their aid 20 the Allied Jewish Campaign, now 

raising 82,500,000 in New York toward ... 



No. 193, February 1930 


Am Invitation lo ij&rt! defile In a 
aiallonul Jewish confenjurg in Wash- 
ling tgji on March Saiiti & far the imr- 
lioiie Of organisin g an a lHati Jev-iah 
tuuipnlgii for| |hha be&li re- 

Mvhii hy Iteimdl Sllmblutt, I#ftfiJ! 

aliU 1 - 

T!ic cojifcroitte. called by a 15 ro"P 
ol *omo of Hie mo*l fuClueultal J&W-& 
til []io country, iy Lh£ oiiUnuwlh at lb* 
Kliiiiiftl conlor once of UihI summer L» 
Zurich, Sivitrorland. Tho&e ulio Liuve 
en Sled thu conf&rGiivc and liityp pel- 
floiLuliy taftucil invitations in si-l^ud In- 
clude Pell* M. WurtuiVs, Xhihw 
Straus; Herbert II. LetartJHJ. P»™ 
Uncrwwld, Morris R(ithoiiberE F iVIILIgili 
U. Lewis and David M. Brcsiil*- 

L-iidcr the mandate by wliicH EtiE- 
lm1i exercises n protectorate over 1**1- 
eshne it ia specif leil Uiul the itoiii&t 
Drjaubiitloii Bliall bo llic cp-taWWJfc 
in nil dGAlliiKa Kri&Umd and 
tho Holy Laiui, but it tfM lh« s«isc 
s>£ thft tfuvli:h t-miterviiCG lliat this 
agfltvey should be entarg*il to take in 
sill Jews iuit] the WafftlaijlOLi nceliug i* 
lor thta iHir&oae. Sot nil o[ Hie ■■ 
■■■ iloHar fund will he »«&d for 
relief o( Jews in UaicHlinio-, but also 
it 111 1w applied li> JewLnh relief W. nil 
r.Uier lanrtn, 


"An allied Jewish campaign for $6,000,000 ... Not all of the six million dollar fund 
will be used for relief of Jews in Palestine, but also will be applied to Jewish relief 
in all other lands." 

The Lowell Sun (AAA), February 15, 1930, page 4. 

No. 194, March 1930 




Writing the first dr-aft of Jewish history since 1917 

MARCH 24, 1930 

New York City Preparing for| 

Allied Jewish Campaign; Drives in Many 

Other Communities of C 

Leaders of the most important elements in the Jewish communal life of New York City 
are actively engaged in preparations for an early drive in behalf of the :- : | Allied 

Jewish Campaign according to an announcement from national headquarters. The 
names of the chairman of the New York campaign committee and his associates will 
shortly be made public, together with the quota which the Jews of the metropolis will 
be called upon to contribute Local headquarters for the New York campaign have 
already been established and the preliminary work for the drive is underway. 

The ground work for the New York drive, was laid prior to the Washington National 
Conference of the Allied Jewish Campaign at a meeting on March 2. at the home of 
Felix M. Warburg. 

Mr. Warburg laid stress on the fact that the| (sought through the Allied 

Jewish Campaign to meet the needs of the Jews of Eastern Europe and of Palestine is 
less than the amounts asked for in previous years for both purposes. There have been 
years, Mr. Warburg pointed out. when the Jews of the United States have been asked 
for $7,000,000 for the Joint Distribution Committee and $3,000,000 by the United 
Palestine Appeal. 

Mr. Baerwald. who. in addition to being one of the chairmen of the Allied Jewish 
Campaign, is treasurer of the Joint Distribution Committee, pointed out that this 
organization had made no appeal for funds at all in 1929 — that, as a matter of fact, it 
had not appealed for funds in New York City since March. 192G. when there was 
raised in the metropolis an amount equal to the national quota of the present allied 
effort. During the intervening years, most of the contributors had paid the pledges they 
made in that famous drive. 

Pvlr. Bressler. who was actively in charge of the New York campaign of March. 1926. 
compared conditions existing in the metropolis then with the present-day situation. 

"During every campaign, every community wants to know what New York, the largest 
Jewish community in the world, is going to do. Up to the present time. New York has 
always given a good account of itself, and I am sure it will do so now. Our first 
attempts to organize the 1926 drive were met with pessimism. Nobody believed we 
could succeed. The campaign here started under conditions similar to those confront 
us now. There was a market crash that year, as there was last Fall. Yet. in spite of the 
pessimism in spite of doubts, the New York campaign was a brilliant success " 

Similar confidence in the outcome of a drive in New York City was expressed by 
Lieut. -Gov. Lehman, who had come from Albany to attend the meeting. 

Dr. Lee K. Frankel also expressed confidence in the outcome. | |is 

nothing for the Jews to raise in good time or bad times." he declared, as he pledged 
his cooperation. Morris Rothenberg assured the gathering that the chairmen of the 
Allied Jewish Campaign were under no illusions concerning the psychological factors 
of the campaign. 

The meeting concluded with the following com mittee to org anize the New York drive, 
select its officers and decide what share of the| .the five boroughs should be 

asked to give: Paul Baerwald. chairman: Hon. Otto A. Rosalsky. Dr. Solomon 
Lowenstein, Samuel Sachs. Howard S. Cullman. B. C. Vladeck. Jonah J. Goldstein. 
Mrs. Sol Rosenbloom, Eli Winkler. Judge Mitchell May. Hugh Grant Straus. Harry 
Fischel. D. S. Guttesman. Philip Wattenberg and Carl H. Pforzheimer. 

Reports from the field show intensified preliminary activity in many communities since 
the issuance of Mr. Bressler's letter calling upon the delegates to the conference to 
take the initiative in their own communities to launch drives at the earliest possible 

"New York City Preparing for $6,000,000 Allied Jewish Campaign; ... the 
$6,000,000 Allied Jewish Campaign, ... the $6,000,000 sought through the Allied 
Jewish Campaign to meet the needs of the Jews of Eastern Europe and of 
Palestine ... "Six million dollars is nothing for the Jews to raise in good time or bad 
times," ... decide what share of the $6,000,000 the five boroughs should be asked 
to give ..." 

Jewish Telegraphic Agency, March 24, 1930. 

No.195, June 1930 



Six Million Goal of Campaign 

for Relief Work in 

Eastern Europe 


Organization Gives Destitute 

Aid in finances and Living 


Lima's quc^ m a nati&ft-wid-i 
campaign to raise 16,000,0m f * r 
the relief of destitute Je%E jn 
eastern Europe* is $3,00^ arnl 
bad in £ Jewish citizens of Llmi 
SaturJ&y we*? planning a drive l ? 
raise the city" a quota. 

Thr .vj-i of Sti.000.OOD :s to h* 
raised throcut the Ijmted Stsk^ 
by tht Allied Jewish G^ihpaign, f*r 
thft American Jewish Joint Distri- 
bution committed reconstructs 
■w-ork on behalf of striclren Jews m 
eastern Europe wrd ior the pm. 
^trftm of the Ja^isb Agency fnr 
P^isstine h to aid in the d*v*lop. 
mmt there cf a Jewish homeland. 

Sjjuoji FiEhel n thaitman of th< 
Luna ccMnmittee in charge of i.h^ 
local campaign- The cemnittie* 
include? Dudley Bernstein, ilai- 
ry Men is, Al« Mi Iter, Bpij 
Kike* sky, Julius Solomon. \ 
W^ixelbaum, JuUu$ i Wise an*i 
Sylvan Wise, Sh Kldnbergier ^ 

The Allied Jewish campaign u 
headed by FpIjt M, "Wnrtr.irg 1 , noted 
New York bnr.^cr; L^J- G?^, L*h+ 
man j of Ntw York 5 Nathan Straus 
venerabla phllanthrGntet a* honor- 
ary chairman; P&viJ Jt, Bressler. 
Morris Rottienberg; Judge Wilham 
Mp Lewis ^ and Paul Barmaid, 

The Joint, Dh Lribmiar. ccmsrit- 
tee ha & actidnktersi ain:c-=t £\u1'l- 
000,001 craitiibu:td by the Jews ^' 
the United States since 1914 for 
tho rftconfitnjetion of ths lives of 
the Jews of ea$tem Enron* im- 
jtoVerisbed by the World Wat end 
oy post-war political cud economy 

The latest phase of its spirit} 1 
aild by many regarded as the jnoi- 
impoitant, is toe Petting up of s 
vast net-work of credit coopera- 
tives and free loan Acclettei in 1^ 
Tn^ropftrLTi niiT.tri^s whsreby o^er 
2 t 0(K/,D0D peopl* ate «ffotriEd 
p:par.3 fvr eajnins Ift*ifi1jhw-Js, I: 
is eiTjf.n^n^ Ltir^e SLima. of mnr.pj 
for hojpitala, cinuc£» and chila- 
care institutions in those coiip- 
tts» T as well as f ctt the indu£tmli~ 
zatlon of the Jewish population ef 
Poland, Bosnia sud the border 
states. It is to receive 53,5 00-0 W 
from the Allied JcTriBh cainpajtn"-, 

The Jeirish Agency to-* F&3& 
tine, wbkh- Id to neceiv* 12,50k 
i 000 from th* canr.jia.ijjrn, was cop* 
! suminated last Au^ukI^ pTirsLinnfc r<? 
the term? of the British mandate 
over that rauitUry- Iks urogram iu- 
cludeS tap promo kk>tt of 
tunl £gj*rjza;i?n ia Faleetine, 
ba^od on Jewish labor, the in- 
crease of Jewish immigrBtion! pro- 
vision for Jewish r^ligH^-i 
n^edJ, fostering cf the BebreT 
language to assist in the cuItLrsi. 
hy^ienl^t and industrial develop 
ivj\nt v£ the country, and to pro- 
Tida fttnds for scho<il? r hospitaFs 
and clhiks. Thsre te* tioht 16",- 
00^ Jbws in Palestine, ieretvfnrc 
fiaisajced by the Xez^n H&jesod, i"- 
ciurii&s colpdirafcion, creatiog ** 
labor opportnnHJes, tubtidiiing « f 
sdiooLs.^ a^(3 the Madassah Me^ca'. 

Fisiel explained Saturday tbr 
ttis i? the flrat joint tiatfor?i 
campajfiTT by the Jews of this na- 
tion f otr the welfare of the Jeirs of 
eastern Europe and for the i-p* 
building of P&I^£tbe- Her^f^"^. 
C5.njpji!j^ns for tbrs? purposes h^ - ^ 
br^n conducted separately, Agr^ c 
ment^ to tundact ^_ unified fr]i :' 
TaisiD^ effort for b^>th of !h*^ 
c^DFSb ^as effected at i ttatior?! 
ccnference at Wacbm^ton, D. C ? 
held March 8 md 9, to n'mcit 
President Herbert Hooker £^n' ? 
m&5sape of praise. Amon^ otri^r 
things, FresMent Hoorpi- zalt. 

apart from Or evident hunw-^ ; * T 
dial iSpsct£ T li 7L laTfs f^ntr- 
bu^on to tho cause 01 ^o?d ^\* 
between peoples/^ 

"LIMA JEWS WILL RAISE $3000 FOR NATIONAL FUND Six Million Goal of Campaign 
for Relief Work in Eastern Europe ... a nation-wide campaign to raise $6,000,000 ... 
the sum of $6,000,000 ..." 

The Lima Sunday News (OH), June 15, 1930, page 2. 

No. 196, November 1930 

Plans Progress 
For Drive Here 

Chairman Frank Names 
Committee To Head 
Fund Campaign ; 


Under Ifte leadership *f Attorney 
"Harry IL Fntnk> General Chairman 
of the Allied Jewish Campaign iu 
I his District plans arc progressing 

mpidly for Nciv" Cable's partid pa - 
nrtn in ^hc Campaign which is iiir/r 
en^a^cd in a Fatiprral fund jraJsmE 

^rforr, to raise Als-iwfflkii-a dollars for 
iftc American Jcwfeh Voi'iu Di^tiJby- 
Lion Committee's reconsL-LicLive work 
un behalf of the destitute Jews oi 
ERStera Europe, and for the pro- 
gram of the Jewish Agency for Pal- 
estine w aid in the development 
Lhcre of a Jewish Homeland. 

The locrd campaign h ^:Jl *P^ 
wth a mMS meeting in the Castle - 
ton on Sunday, afternoon. November 
n, 1930 at 2 o'clock. Judge William 
Sr Lewis, of Philadelphia, a Co- 
Chairraan of the National Cam- 
paign, will ouUine the puvpose of the 
Drive, how the forces allied and how 
ihe money will be distributed. Civic 
leaders hi the DUtrici win aiso ad- 
dress the nrecttng. 

This is the first Joint National 
C"ftiaD?isin by Uic J civs of this coun- 
try loir iht welfare of the Jev* of 
£&rt^rn Surturc and for rhe UEftuild- 
iil* of Pikfciaiik Former campaigns 
v.'cic conducted separately, Agreo- 
liiOftt Lo coiuiugi; a unified fund rstfe- 
itV4 erf o:l w4£ effected at a Na- 
LUmal canlerencc in Washing tort on 
March 3ih-Sih vo which Patient 
Koover sent his message of praise, 
in which, among other thlc^, tie 
said: Ht The trort which you have 
done, apart fnotn £l3 humanitarian 
aspeci^ is & large contribution to 
the cause of Good Will between peo- 
ple: 1 

Followm? is 7 he personal af -lie 
local organisation as announced to- 
day by Chait'man Harry H, F:ank T 

Honorary <Ch2jron&ii> Dr. Eliah 
Kaplan: Vice Chair^aii, L_ Kohn. 
Ecn Kline. Louis Sadler. J. F. Perel- 
man: Secretary. Nathan Love: 
Treasttrc-t 1 . h. Ruzsuich; Pub lid Ly 
QSatirmari- Jactt G-er^on. Da. H, A. 
tTanJi^ Chairman of the neccption 
CoinrnitU 1 * Mrs. L, Ktihn p Mrs, Ben 
Kline; Executive Committee, L. J. 
Miller. Dr. M. Davis, Mr*>> L> Sand- 
ler, Pv^bbi S- L Zakuto. S, H. LeWne, 
A. Mar] in. Mra* Edward Master. 
Jo^f?pfi Maresfcy. AJec Samuels. 
Rabbi J, B. Menkes. RabbL J- Shapo. 
Abraham H. Goniek. Abe Levins. M, 
J r Kra;^, Es^, Nathan Felfiuau, 
Mai; Groden, Ben Baiter and A. 


"... a National fund raising effort to raise six million dollars for the American 
Jewish Joint Distribution Committee's reconstructive work ..." 

The New Castle News (PA), November 5, 1930, page 5 (second section). 

No. 197, November 1930 





Necessity of continued assistance 
to uffering Jews in Russia and 
Palestine was presented to Corsi- 
cana Jewry Thursday night by 
Rabbi Henry Cohen of Galveston 
at Synagogue Agudas Achem* 

Gabe Goldberg acted a? master 
of cere monies for the evening and 
f hi reduced the speaker, pointing 
out his numerous, achievements In 
trie educational, social and philan- 
thropies! realms, He stated that 
Rabbi Cohen was the dean of 
Texas rabbis In the point c: ser- 
vice and was beloved over the en* 
tJre state: he was honored by Rab- 
bi Stephen Wise recently who de- 
clared that he was foremost 
among his co-religionists aa a 
worker for Judaism; he has been 
serving the Galveston church for 
forty-three years. He f& also a member of the Texas Prison 
Board having received an ap- 
pointment from Governor Dan 
Moody; he resigned recently be- 
cause of the press of other busi- 
ness. He is also one of the fa- 
vorite pea hers of Texas University 
and Texas Ah & M. College stu- 
Rabbi Cohen took aa his subject 
the "Palestine Situation/' declaring 
that his method would be of Inter- 
est to both the orthodox and re- 
form branches, He recalled that 
about twenty-five years ago aft* 
er one of the repeated massacres 
when suffering was widespread 
that a stranger knocked at his 
door early one morning with an of- 
fering asserting that he had Jew- 
ish blood In his veins and though 
he had been outsite the communi- 
ty for fifty years that he wag ans- 
wering the frail of the blood. 

Seeking 4MKH),ffflO. 

The Allied Jewish Relief organ- 
ization is attempting to raise six 
million dollars for relieving suf- 
fering and aiding Jews In Russia 
and Palestine tn 1530, according to 
"Dr, Cohen who expressed some 
doubt as to whether that would be 
sufficient The Texas quota !s 
£2OQ t 0OO, averaging about S6 for 
each man. -woman &nd child in the 

Discussing; the necessity of the 
sunnort of the Jews in the for- 
eign countries, the speaker first 
took up the situation In Russia. 
Under the Soviet he declared that 
the Jews were removed from their 
former places as middlemen and 
were forced to earn their bread 
on the farm or at a trade, and 
since they were unskilled In these 
pro fesi sons they were unable to 
provide sufficient foods for them- 
selves and family. They are in 
need of training in both religion 
and crafts and must be support- 
ed until such a time as they can 
support themselves, and must be 
given tools and other necessities 
of life. 

Polish Jews Boycotted, 

The .Tews have been boycotted 
in Poland according to the vt sit- 
ins Rabbi, and also need aid< He 
pointed out that while these pee- 
pie have been receiving aid for 
several years that the assistance 
must be continued, just as a man 
Is hungry one day and also again 
the following day, 

He asserted that the Jews must 
be helped because they are nf the 
same blood and are sufferings and 
are persecuted because of their 
race. He pointed out that while 
people of this nation have some- 
thing to look forward to that the 
people of suffering natSns have 
only their more fortunate broth- 
era to look to for aid. 

Up until two mnnr ago the 
situation of the Jews in Palestine 
was much more promising than 
that In Russia. That country ha.d 
been opened to immigrants after 
the United States had been closed 
and Che Jews were able to pur- 

The Corsicana Daily Sun (TX) 
November 14, 1930, p.1 2 

"Seeking 6,000,000 The Allied Jewish Relief organization is attempting to raise six 
million dollars for relieving suffering and aiding Jews in Russia and Palestine ..." 

The Corsicana Daily Sun (TX), November 14, 1930, page 12. 

In 1940 there was yet another Jewish campaign launched to raise $6,000,000. 

No. 198, November 1940 

SV 3frlu Uork Simcs 

Article Preview 

SEEKING $6 ,000,000 FOR THE HOLY LAND; Jewish 
National Fund Votes to Raise Sum to Expand Haven for 
Delegates at St. Louis Session Say Task Is Vital to Help 
Fight for Liberty 

Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES. ]}, 

November 12, 1940, 

, Section , Page 1 1 , Column , words 




ST. LOUIS, Nov. 11- -Pledging support for the builders and defenders of the Jewish 
National Home in Palestine in any of M the exigencies that may arise in the present critical 


The New York Times, November 12, 1940. 

No. 199, November 1940 


The Jiwuh Cbitiiiow 

November 15, 1940 



Jews Hard Hit by 

Rumanian Quake; 

Jewish Doctors Rush 


Buclmrtst— The Jews ef Rumania, 
economically strangled by the Got* 
ernmenl's anti - Jewish leglslat Ion. 
were severely hkt by the earthquakes 
which rocked the country over the 

A check-up disclosed that the Jew- 
ish communities In nine cities* in- 
cluding Bucharest, were badly dam- 
aged by the qualces- The Jewish dis- 
tricts of Galali, Focsanl. Bacau, 
Floestl and Gamplna were reported 
to be In mliLB, 

The Government issued an appeal 
to the various Jewish commun itle* to 
mobilize all available doctors, nuium 
and engineers to aid in the rescue 
Work. Keren l regulation*, forbidding 
Jewish doctors and engineer* to prac- 
Eftes* were temporarily suspended. 

A special Jewish relief committee 
was organized in Bucharest to hrlp 
the victim* of the catastrophe. Three 
emergency sonf kitchen* were open- 
ed In the Jewish quarter. 

Meanwhile, many orthodox Ruman- 
ian Gentiles clung to the belief that 
the most destructive earthquake in 
the history of Rumania was a sign &t 
God's displeasure at the treatment of 
Jews. Naad troop* and Iron Guard - 
Lsts, sent to the damaged districts 
to aid (n the rescue work, were re- 
ported to have been treated coldly. 

Nazis Organize 5,000 

Ukrainians to Plunder 


London — Nazi agents have formed 
an organisation of 9.000 anti-Semitic 
Uk ranians for the sole purpose of 
plundering and healing Jews in Gal* 
leia, according to * report from War- 

The niLtl - Semitic organization. 
which has the unofficial support of 
the Nazi Government In Poland is 
responsible for many outrages. In- 
cluding the plundering of Jewish 
homes and stores, and criminal as- 
saults against Jewish women. The 
report stated that Galician Jews aie 
frequently subjected to merciless 

Protestant Group 

Protests Vichy's 


Now York — The Federal Council 
of the Churches or Christ in Amer- 
sea. Largest Protestant Church organ- 
ization in the United States, an- 
nounced its protest against the anti- 
Jewish decrees In unoccupied France, 
following the pattern of Nazi Ger- 
many, parsed by the Vichy Govern- 

At the same time the Federal Coun- 
cil associated Itself with the meeting 
to protest against the abrogation of 
racial and religious, freedom In 
France held on November 13, at Car- 
negie Hall. 

The attitude of the Federal Coun- 
cil of Churches of Christ in America 
was expressed by its officers. Dr. 
George A. Bultnck. president, and 
Dr. Samuel McCrea Cavert, general 
secretary. In a message addressed to 
Dr. Stephen S, Wise, president of the 
American Jewish Congress. 

J.N.F. to Raise $6,000,000 for Palestine 
During Coming Year 

Si. Lout* -Pledging support for the 
builders and defenders of Palestine 
in any of "the exigencies that may 
arise In the present critical period of 
world conflict/- delegate* to the 
three day conference sponsored by 
the Jewish National Fund of Amer- 
ica voted to raise for :h> 
holy land's war needs during the com- 
ing year. 

Since many of the countries which 
formerly supported the Jewish Na- 
tional Fund arc now under the dom- 
ination of Naxj Germany, nearly 80 
per cent of the required budget, it 
was announced, will have to come 
from the United States and the Brit- 
ish Empire. 

The funds will be used to buy and 
reclaim additional land in Palestine, 
described in a resolution as "the in* 
alienable property of the Jewish peo- 
ple." The war has made it Impera- 
tive, resolutions adopted by the dele- 
gates sireased, that other forms of 
aid also/ PC extended to PaJesMn. 

Dr. Chaun Welzmann. in a message 
from London, said: "We are doing 
all we can to secure a political basis 
for the upbuilding of Palestine un- 
der new conditions after this war, 
but whatever the frame, land and 
work on the land will represent the 
strongest guarantee of our achieve- 

Earlier, in a message to the con- 
ference. President Roosevelt sire*** 
ed the need for having a homeland 

free from persecution. The Presi- 
dent's message was read by Senator 
Alben BarkEcy, 

The President appealed to "all 
free peoples" of the world to remedi- 
es le themselves to the ideals and 
principles of democracy. Senator 
Barkley accepted, in behalf of the 
President, ft $1,000 reproduction of 
the Jewish Golden Book, containing 
the signatures of 1,000 persons and 
organizations, each a contributor ^f 
elOO for land in Palestine, 

In accepting the Golden Book for 
the President, Senator Barkley told 
the delegates; "J am sure the Presi- 
dent will cherish this gorgeous book 
to the remainder of his days and hid 
children and grandchildren will bless 
you for this recognition of his great 
service. The original will repose in 
the City of David, the City of God. 
What a wealth of historic memories 
this day must rekindle among a race 
which, from Moses to Brandels and 
Frankfurter and Einstein, has enrich- 
ed every field of endeavor, ' 

fJr. Israel Goldstein, president of 
the Jewish National Fund, told the 
meeting that many refugees cow in 
Palestine "thanka to the Roosevelt 
Golden Book project Is today light- 
ing valiantly" on. the side of Great 
Britain In the Interests of democracy. 

The delegates voted to plant a 
grove of trees in the Holy Land Is 
honor of Senator Berkley. 

Opposition Growing as Nazis March Through 
Jewish Quarter of Amsterdam 

London — Strong detachments of 
Dutch and German police patrolled 
the streets as 5^000 blaekshlrted 
-Vazis paraded through the Jewish 
quarter of Amsterdam, shouting 
■The Streets Belong to Us," it was 
reported here, 

AntLNazf circles In Holland ex- 
pressed satisfaction that only 5,000 
persons participated In the Nazi dem- 
o:iitration despite the fact that Nazi 
Commissioner Dr. Arthur Seyss-In- 
quart had officially endorsed the par. 

Responding to appeals from the 
Mayor of the Dutch capital, the peo- 
ple remained calm during the parade. 
Growing opposition to the Nethoriand 

Nasi party had led to bloody street 
clashes over the week-end. 

At lenat 30 members of the Nclh- 
erland Union party, which maintains 
that it is willing to cooperate with 
Germany but Insists on spiritual In* 
dependence and Is strongly opposed 
10 the Nazi-inspired sntUtewlsh 
were arrested following oghta with 

The fight against anti-Semitism 
was sparked by hundreds of Protes- 
tant clergymen who publicly an- 
nounced their disapproval of ami- 
Jewish regulations. Estimates place 
the membership of the Netherland 
Union party at 500,000, and the Nazi 
party at 50.00C. 

Emigration of Refugees Continues Despite War 

New York — Rescue of refugees 
through emigration continues as a 
considerable factor in ameliorating 
the plight of Jews in Eastern and 
Central Europe despite the disloca- 
tions imposed by war. according to a 
report received by the Hebrew Shel- 
tering and Immigrant Aid Society 
from the HiASlICA Emigration As- 
sociation's office U1 Vilnius tVUna). 

Emigration of refugees and cJil. 
zens of Lithuania was tempomrHv 
stopped with the incorporation of 
Lithuania into the Soviet Union, since 
all foreign consulates were closed and 
their services to applicants for im- 
migration or transit visas were dis- 

However, with the resumption of 
the consideration of pending cases by 
the various consulates, which were 
transferred to Moscow and to Stock- 
holm, the movement of emigrants 
and refugees started again, a HIA& 
spokesman said. 

All applications ior United States 
immigration visas are being handled 
by the American Consulate In Mos- 
cow and applications for Palestine 
visas are handled bv the British Con- 
sulate of China in Stockholm la au- 
thorized to grant visas to refugees 
going to or through China. 

As the result of effort* of the 
HIAS.ICA In Vilnius, it was an- 
nounced, the way has been paved for 
the issuance of passport* by the local 
Lithuanian authorities and ef trans* t- 
vlsas by the UJ&Sit. for those rsfa- 
gees and emigrants who have their 
immigration visas and steamship 
Ucfc*t* They arc routed exclusively 
through Siberia and Japan with Tokio 
as the principal transit port. The 
Japanese Government is admitting 
only refugee* who are (n possession 
of visas, steamship tickets and a min- 
imum of 5100. 

Full Battalion of Jewish 

and Arab Infantry 

Companies Planned 

Jerusalem — , Because of the over- 
whelming success that met the first 
call Issued by the Government in the 
middle of September for recruits for 
the all -Jewish and all- Arab Infantrx 
companies to form part of the Royril 
East Kent Regiment, known as thr 
Buffs, the authorities announced the I: 
decision to accept enlistments of an 
additional 200 Jew* and 200 Arabs ir. 
these companies. 

Whan these new enlistments have 
been completed a full all-Palestinian 
battalion, composed of scperate Jew- 
ish and Arab units, will lime been 
created specifically f or the defense 
of the Holy Land and its immediate 
Great enthusiasm greeted the an- 
nouncement here> and it is anticipated 
that the present quota will bo as 
quickly oversubscribed as was th* 
first one. All sections of the Jewish 
population are solidly behind the re- 
cruiting of all -Jewish units for the 
defense of Eretz Israel, Permission 
to form the** Jewish companies came 
as a ell max of a campaign conducted 
by the. Jewish Agency for Palestine 
sine* the beginning of the war for the 
establishment of armed Jewish units 
which could participate in the strug, 
gle alongside other Empire forces, but 
aa specific representative!! of the 

To date more 5.00& young Jewish 
men. Including the 400 thus far per- 
mit ted to form all-Jewish units, have 
Joined the British armed forces. But 
It Is the formation of the Jewish 
unit* that has met with the moat en- 
thusiastic response ann with tho un- 
qualified approval of all sections of 
the Ytshuv. 

22 Jews Victims of 

Direct Hit by Nazi 


London — Twenty-two Jews were 
buried under tons of debris when a 
Nazi bomber scored a direct hit on 
an apartment building In the East 
End quarter of London. Emerge nev 
rescue crews were able to save some 
of the victims. 

The London county council opened 
Ave emergency soup kitchens In the 
Kost End district to feed the victims 
of the latest Nazi aJr raids. Arrange- 
ments have been made to provide 
homes for Jewish women, children 
and the aged. 

Zionists Observe 84th 

Birthday of Justice 

Louis D* Brandeis 

Hi r tin lay Marked by Special Fuac- 
llons lievotcd fa Strengthening 

Hi" Viienlfct Movement 
Washington, Wednesday. Novem- 
ber 13 - The &Uh birthday of Mr. 
Justice Louis D, Bralndcks, which is 
being observed today* has been mark- 
ed by special functions arranged un- 
der the ausplcea of Zionist Districts 
and groups throughout the country- 
ContfratulfLtlons and good wishes 
of the National Administration of the 
Zionist Organisation have been ex- 
tended to Mr. Justin Louis D. Bran- 
dt i* in merges addressed to him 
by Mr, E, f, Kaufmans. President of 
the Organization, and Rabbi Isadora 
Breslau. Executive Director, Hun- 
dreds of congratulatory mesaage." 
have also been sent by other ont- 
standing individuals and Zionist Dis- 
tricts in nil parts of the country. 

"J.N.F. to Raise $6,000,000 for Palestine During Coming Year ... the Jewish 
National Fund of America voted to raise $6,000,000 for the holy land's war needs 
during the coming year." 

The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), November 15, 1940, page 4. 

Post- Holocaust $6,000,000 campaign: 

Article Preview 

$6 ,000,000 SOUGHT BY JEWISH GROUPS; Separate 
Fund Campaign Set for Anti-Bias Programs— Goal Here 



The American Jewish Committee and the Anti- Defamation League of 

B'nai B'rith, which for many years have combated prejudice and Ijg] permissions 

discrimination and promoted better group relations in this country, 

will start a nationwide drive for $6, 000, 000 on Feb. 1 to carry out their 1951 activities. 

"$6,000,000 SOUGHT BY JEWISH GROUPS ... a nationwide drive for $6,000,000 ..." 

The New York Times, January 4, 1951 . 



Holocaust. *. / [^ ant j ww ,i J A 
burnt facrifice; a facrifice of which -the 
whole was confumcd by fire, and no- 
thing retained by the offerer. 

Ibac carried the wood for ihc facriCce, which 
being an holocauj}, or burnt-offering, to be con- 
fumcd unto tfeet, we cannot w u conceive a bur- 
then for a boy. Aw*. 

JLet the eye behold no evil thing, and it is made 
a lacnfice; let the tongue fpeak no Jihhy word, 

, ", , 2 1 "* 1 an ob,i|tion ; & «ne hand do no 
unlawful action, and you render it a bthcauft. Ray* 

funnencs cut a piece from every part of the 
viclim, and by ihia he made it an la/ccavj, or an 
entire facri Gee. ■ r i* 


"... a Divine oath occurs as a direct result of man offering a sacrifice, 
since God swore the oath only when He "smelled the pleasant aroma." 

- The Rebbe (Menachem Mendel Schneerson, leader of the Hasidic Jewish sect Chabad Lubavitch) 2 

1. Johnson, Samuel. A Dictionary of the English Language. Vol. I. Sixth Edition. 1785. 

2. Miller, Chaim. Chumash: The Book of Genesis, The Gutnick Edition. New York: Kol Menachem. 2008. p. 134 

The phrase "the nazi holocaust", appears in the May 14, 1948 Israeli Proclamation of Independence, although the 
6,000,000 figure of murdered Jews does not, it just claims "millions" were murdered. But "the Holocaust" (i.e. the 
planned and systematic murder of approximately 6,000,000 Jews by the National Socialist government in German 
and their allies during World War II) wasn't widely referred to as "the Holocaust" until the very late 1970s or early 
1980s. An example is the 1973-1974 British television series The World at War, which was the most expensive 
documentary ever made. Episode 20 (of 24 in total) is entitled "Genocide", and is about the Holocaust, but not once 
in the entire episode is the word "holocaust" mentioned. It referrers to "the Holocaust" as the "Final Solution." 

The credit for the phrase "the Holocaust" being branded on the world's psyche, is often awarded to the American 
television mini-series entitled Holocaust, which was first broadcasted in 1978, and accompanied by a huge campaign 
to promote the series. 1 Whilst Holocaust was being film and then first broadcasted, American-nazi Frank Collin 
(Cohen) the Jewish leader of the National Socialist Party of America and his very small band of nazis, were also being 
given an awful lot of media-attention. 

In 1977 Cohen, who had been ousted as a Jew by his own father in 1970 — this was seemingly brushed aside 
as irrelevant —wanted his small band of Nazis to hold a public demonstration in Chicago, but any such gathering 
was banned by the authorities. Cohen then sought to arrange a demonstration in the near-by town of Skokie, but 
again it was banned by the local authorities. Strangely, the American Civil Liberties Union, who usually defended 
communists and far-left political agendas, stepped in. The ACLU, represented by Jewish lawyer Burton Allen Joseph, 
fought a successful case in the U.S. Supreme Court, which won the Jewish Nazi the right to demonstrate in 
the predominately Jewish neighbourhood of Skokie, and gave him permission to dress up like Hitler and wave a 
swastika flag whilst he was doing it. 

The ACLU's Joseph wasn't the only Jewish man fighting for the right of "Nazis" to demonstrate in Skokie. Jewish 
journalist, Pulitzer Prize and Guardian of Zion winner, William Safire, demanded in March 1978, that the Cohen, and 
his band of Nazis must be allowed to march in Skokie, Illinois. A town where more than half the population was 
Jewish, and a full 11% of residents were Holocaust survivors. Safire said Skokie was a "shrewd choice." 

It may just be yet another coincidence that a Jewish man claiming to be a nazi who wanted to kill all the Jews, was 
given so much publicity at the time the mini-series Holocaust was being filmed and then broadcast. It may be true 
that the Jewish lawyer Burton Allen Joseph, and the ACLU, a group founded by communists,l felt that Cohen and his 
band of nazis' civil liberties were being seriously infringed, by them not being able to rally in a predominantly Jewish 
town, and to demand all Jews be killed whilst doing it. But to me it seems implausible. "You can't buy that sort of 
publicity" is an old cliche, but it certainly seems like you can arrange it. 

I had considered re-publishing the newspaper, magazine and book articles I have discovered of "the Holocaust" 
being referred to as a "holocaust", prior to the end of World War II. But the word "holocaust" was often used by 20 th 
century authors to describe any form of disaster, so I believe re-publishing the articles would not prove a thing, and 
instead be an open-invite for defenders of the faith to dismiss this entire book, without even addressing the book's 
main point, i.e. the fact Jews have been claiming 6,000,000 Jews were on the point of oblivion since the beginning of 
the 20 th century, and the fact they were proclaiming 6,000,000 Jewish deaths long before Wilhelm Hoettl 
"confessed" in November 1945, that this was the figure the nazis themselves estimated as murdered. 

Having said that, there is just one article which mentions a holocaust that I have re-published on the following page. 
It was written by one of the leading Zionists of the early 20 th century, a man who wrote in 1902: "...the Semite must 
conquer the world, that the Jew must master humanity before it could attain to the higher flights of civilization's 

1. The one newspaper the Youngstown Vindicator of Ohio ran stories on Holocaust on April 12, 13, 19, 20, 23, 24. On April 12 & 13 the stories covered almost 
half a broadsheet-sized page. Aside from the Holocaust story, two additional "the Holocaust" related stories appeared in the April 20 edition. 

2. Young Nazi Claims Dad A Liar. Beaver County Times (PA). April 23, 1970. Second section page A3 

3. Let Them March in Skokie and Show the Depravity of Anti-Semitism. Pittsburgh Post Gazette. March 28, 1978, page 6 

4. Roger Baldwin (1884 - 1981), founder of the ACLU, who wrote in the thirtieth anniversary Harvard University classbook: "I seek social ownership of 
property, the abolition of the propertied class, and sole control by those who produce wealth. Communism is the goal." 

5. The Asian Mystery. The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh). May 2, 1902, page 1. 

No.200, September, 1915 

How Will the War 

Jewish Destinies ? 

Answered by 


J leader of Zionists, ., Of ft* Fr&> Bynatfagm, New York, 


Editor JtwUh Admcatti, 

Business Man. 

Will Gain a Fairer Share of Political Equality. 

Bu Louis D, Brandeis. 

NOT umtl the war la over will 11 flu 
safe lo premise Iht gains— should 
in ere bo any— and losses which 
will have come to the Jewish people. 
The losses will be dlatEnct enough So 
many tens of thousand of Jewa Killed 
and wounded; so many tens J?t thous- 
ands of Jewish hotruss devastated and 
pillaged beyond restoration: ** many 
hundreds of Jewish villages on The Rus- 
so^Garman and Austrian frontiers with 
oil their economic possibilities de- 

The food' problem at the present mo- 
ment is the problem of * <en million dol- 
lar reiki 1 fund for one year. The re- 
capitalisation of on* or two million poi'- 
sona Lb ever a hu'ge problem and larger 
I nan philanthropy has ever attempted. 
The fcslna may, however, prove a Can* 

TheMs is. already la evidence the de- 
tcrmi nation of Jewa to da a] with the 
problem, The agitation for the American 
Jewish Congress demonstrates that the 
Jewish 'democracy In Amarlca la seeking 
means to express Itselt— and to handle 
the problems that wllil arl H a. This, agi- 
tation therefore denotes a Growth In the 

sejt- reliance ot the collective j?roup- rvf 
Jewa, And this new-found setf-rellance 
re HI unquostlonHhly react upon the In* 
tllvSclUal Jew throughout the dispersion. 

On the. other hand, after the splendid 
conduct of the Jews o£ all belligerent 
countries In tha War> the charges of 
cowardice and military inefficiency h 
never true, hut which have bean periodi- 
cally made agatnat the Jewa* should 
dtKappcar forever. There- are probably 
SflO,OW* Jewa^in the European ArmEes, and 
their conduct in the flald has won them 
distinctions and medata hi # r vwy one of 
the forces. formerly such incidents 
were ]<nown only to the otunanta of. ob- 
scure military record a. Now all the 
world reads ahd obtalna it new impres- 
sion if pec pies nnd. their qun1itleft. 

In this way the .Tow pralns. tie has 
come out of a peculiar obscurity, Into 
uhlch endiesa persecution puahed him, 
to take more than hie full share In the 
gtrufcftfte, His reward should he better 
treatment, hatter regard Individually, ft 
Caller shara of political equality lh every 
country In which at present this la de- 
nied him. He should be granted fuller 
opportunity for the Individual aa well rs 

for the group:, in JSurope and in Pales- 
tine* These, beins the obvious needs, 
are the first desiraa of Jews everywhere. 

Most wrltera wh.0 have been In Europe 
alnte the war affect to believe that sev- 
eral' of the Nations have changed their 
character since the outbreak. This Is of 
coume an error. The eTcigencifls of the 
war have compelled the removal of the 
superficial attributes of the various na- 
tional Ltlea. National character toe. la a 
weapon in thEa gigantic struggle, and 
tha nut u ml tendencies of peoples have 
therefore been uncovered, 

That Is why that's Is so milch talk of 
the recognition of the smaller nattonaft- 
tlaa, such eairsr dlacusalon of the posal- 
li littles of dernocracyi so keen a belief 
Ebat the outfoiue of it ail will be on. tits 
aide Of social Juatlce r 

These three terms describe the condi- 
tlonn attitude and ideal of the Jewish 
I-guplc. Bo In proportion aa these me ad' 
vaneed by the war the Jews will gain, 
and as It la a peculiar quality of the 
Jews to react quickly on' their environ- 
ment, their sain ™U1 speedily ba made to 
advantage aocla.1, Intellectual and moral 

The Ultimate Righting of Human Wrongs* 

By Jacob de Haas. 

THK world ts never done with an 
Idea, provided it Is a real one. 
Thus e^ery e;reat war has pro- 
voked the hope or hell of that the nai> 
tleular onslausht was aomehew dlatlnct* 
tv related to human destiny-lb at ulti- 
mate which la titr beyond political sec^ 
raphv. This war, which is ihe ^re^test 
of humanity's militant experiences, has 
provoked since its first onset many hopes 
and aspiration* lhat what was wrong; 
will be set rlffht, that somehow the asee 
will round themselves oat. and eaoh 
nationality will, at the end, llvo in its 
own home, and contribute out of Its. 
rlpenei democratic faith that measure 
of mutual self -reliance which aha! I en- 
able It to participate in the parliament 
of. nations and the brotherhood cf man. 
The moment that thought— the world 
approaching dcathiy-grips you, then, 
willy nilly, you- have to think, of the 
Jowa, They hegan thla Idea of the ulti- 
mate rlEhtintf of human wrongs:, and 
they have lived for 2m years because 
They ijelieve In" tlie eternal tomorrow— 
some tomorrow h But the hyman blood- 
dripping tragedy is eo vast that nine 

out of every 10 men who know, or per- 
mit themselves to think, about the mix- 
ture Of human need And metanhyalcaE 
speculation— tha dual urn-t of so much 
of life— bat rove that the tomorrow of 
these hopes and dreams Is no longer 
remote, indeterminate and Indefinite— 
hut tha morrow of the day after the war. 

How wilt the ,Tew F who haw waited pa- 
tiently for Ai-ma&eddon, fare then? In 
a EL arm ten. aoldler of autocracy, volun- 
teer of democracy, what will be the re- 
ward of hl.q courage and bravery? The 
wOrtd pity has rightly pone forth to 
war-hnrroived Belgium and the harassed 
Belgians* Eul the Jewa have suffered Lo 
that same year all that the Belgians 
have Buffered, and have suffered some 
part of all that misery— tho dragoon's 
law h the plllaffid home — for eighteen 
hundred and tort y- five years. How 
uuw K my mastera? "Will the end be 
merely widowed misery, caatlng ashes 
and dust on orphaned raise ry'a head, or 
la the glamoured destiny On tho other 
side oE the hlood'fl mined horizon T 

destiny to he achieved should he_ an 
evolution. What hns been in proceas in 
Israel these 4Q years— a process net of 

1 accident but of des1en-~is related to the 
]old conception of destln3 T — restoration to 
: Palestine. The Jews, to the number of 
U* r {Hto„ have a -foothold in the country, 
t and, what is equally tmportaht h their 
jrlghta to Zlon are amon& the few things 
i that alt writers on every phase of the 
j war— pro-Ally or prn-tternmn— admit, 
■' Indeed the only point Cha.t all warring 
elements are agreed upon is that at the 
end of the holocaust the Jews ami Pales- 
tine will Ho more closely related than at 

Dsmccmcy everywhere hopea to be the 
eventual victor In thla war, and ao the 
general poaltlon of the Jews In every 
European land should be better than at 
present- But oven democracy is "my 
doxy," and the minority poaltlen of the 
Jews in lands of Otherwise homogeneous 
elements can never he at permanent 
ease. So, while we should hope and 
strive for freedom everywhere, the world 
will be putting its best foot forward 
toward e destiny If it helps the Jew on- 
ward lo that tfoal of which the Psalmist 
wrote paradox! cally h nqw aa the dream 
which la the Return t and then aa the 
Return which la a dream. 

Jews Will Gain From the Spread of Democracy. 

By Rabbi Stephen 5* Wise* 

AT the outset of the war. foreseeing 
in aome measure the crLsln that 
was ahead of ue r I felt that there 
hjid not been exhtbi'-ea any really Great 
aiateamanship in the handling of Jew- 
ish airolra up 10 that tints. »*t oven 
the j leaser or more immediate needs of 
our people have been met with that 
wisdom und breadth of vision which 
arc the Indisputable marks of stctrEfi- 

WLuiu it not he B^aJcl that the differ- 
ence between the merely political and 
^bglly statesmanlike way q£ ilenllnp 
with problem* lies herein? The miner 
or political method is to try to meet 
needs as they arise. The wider m:d the 
wiser method of statesmanship Is to 
anticipate needM. Statesmanship inheres 
In that prevision which anticipates and 
provide!? ror situations remote and in- 
tangible, S^uTi statesman ah I p hiLa In 
tome depjee been invented in the con- 
duct of the Provisional Zionist Com- 
mit tee, organised in the Bummer of lost 
vent, Immediately after the beglnvihia 
of the war. LPtiB before + -Lig cries of the 
needy w«re heard. It waa felt that need a 
ivoUld arlae. It has been Of the very 

BBsante of statesmanship on the part of 
ihe Provisional Committer not merely 
to have amtlcJjiateri the worlds rlaitf 
w tilth lias.- actually arisen, hut within 
the limitations of Hlanigt strength and 
weak [jess, ID have, mads every possible 
provision for Lite i1dtn|c over of ths 
dtiyu of dim nutty and h tress which are 
now upon us, If Tiot all, that the Provisional 
Zionlat Commit lee has been enabled ta 
achieve han become passible through 
the accession (o fcUe focccj of laraei of 
Ijronta TX Brand g La. ylncc the pnsalnp 
i of Theodor Her^l there lias been 
such ntcoHsion to the ranks of leader- 
ship in Ui-udl as -has come about through 
the circumatatujes oC kuuly l>. Brandt] J a' 
willingness to atep lortb In a time of 
heaitatlon and hear the burden of lead' 
erishlp In the Zionist movement, For 
the Zionist movement In America has 
for a year been the world Zlosilal move- 

JndKed hy lis effects upon the people 
L i.r Israel, the movement is Immeasura- 
bly beneileent. Xi»1 only has it tflvcn 
hup* to Hi* stricken and done much to 
unify the physically s^atiered aa well 

ag l he spiritually divided hoaie of Israel, 
hut It lin.3 quickened within IstelbI the 
spirit of aelf-halp and ae]f*dependence, 
its incidental effect upon the est ra Jew, 
l3h war Id has been equally sign) fount, 
whining frpm multltudca of non-Jews 
that rcv«rcnce which always goes cut 
to the self- revering. 

From tlieae uchtevementa and from the 
wand erf ul Htlnnih.u created by the dis- 
cussion of the uu cation and organization 
of a democratic Jeftd fl h conFreua, It 
seems aafe to gay ih*t the destiny of the 
Te^o after the trar will he lare/ely in 
| the hands of the American Jew. By roa^ 
sen of Lhla It is. further Ha ^ to aaeunie 
that the Jews fcil( tfB i a from wJutteVer 
aru'ead and advancement of demoeracv 
talces place. The Interaction c f ideas 
I !kL^l T ^ dy [n eh,, ^«nce. The Jew a, ^ain- 
■dtvjdualii, are everywhere in the advance 
:gf"flrd of those who helisie that the war 
should end in fho trlumnl, of demoeracy 
in all Jande. On the oth Gr hand t every 
democratic; e^rresnion 1b favor I nc; the 
policy of gran tJ u B freedom and equality 
to the J ewe in all binds ano Hi ready lm* 
Lind a yci7 marlted tendency to reyOff 
ntRe the especial c]nlmri of the Jewa to 
Bpecitle recognition hi Palestine 

Problem Far Too Great For Mere Philanthropy* 

By Louis E, Kirstein. 

Tny: v.'orid ham been ko studied by 
the borrori* of the Fhiropwin «'»r 
lliMt it 1h douhtfnl whether e%'^n 
the stateKmen wtjose PUHlness Si la '" 
consider what Is to to\\arr :*fter Ihe wni 
hFive siven serious attention, to the pro- 
cess of [Lfljaslment. Those who are 
IWnilniC ahout aurh inattcrH are tfroh- 
Q mv IhiaKiaiB mm* vt Cue cemmercial 
Olid tiuanklul progenia that will con- 
front the world -lv lien tiraee is i sale red 
than the hiiTiiiiii elfmnoi In the deb»dc 
iVe are all bceamlTi* hardened to whailf 
liWffetffiui 1H the batLlo !ir*:t»S and the 
stoi teiv of evueaaiion o( n-bele tewnw and 
ckitu muke llttlv ^r no hnpii^lon now. 
bm when the UMlIc fjr.eke (s dtePJimtetl 
the ,lew» will b* f»u^ Iti ;i fondlttun 
i hut will lii i| in tl humanity, 

A* it elata tli« ttnsslan. 1'olUb »n\l 
Oainiau Jews were nifllcrlaiiy and jm- 
llltc-ullv imdly ufC prior to the wjitl Hi 
Itupsla, Jn piiJilt'iHsLr. erJinllojs perse- 
cution had " as effect Sn the 
t . t .riH^tcd areii of in* p:de of scHlempnt, 
Anil as thlft patfi of MtlU'inrut iJs pvic- 
LU-allv tht enolv^M Lfl the ruk^Oct- 
mnn ws,r the .lews In JlJs^la are 
Mhvtl rally and in ft icr tally hi the *iiuie 
.milit as the neislMW^ with icua succor 
In the preKrni and te^a hope of resloro- 
tloo, whoever win*, in Hi* future, 

ln Hernial times ihr J^ws In iHimany, 
Fratiei, Au*arhi, t-:»i:l:inl ^d Matv did 
thfir heist to relieve the iwver^- that 
wn» R venHtrtucuc*' of lu-rscc-iittotu "h" 
white ihty =*re wtlh di>ln^ what they can 
lhelr hhare ims li-i-a to be dlinlnlshtd >" 
pryporiion to their own Increasing Want* 
-for lh*F. IW. hI * » yW victims of the 
war and may then tty have to aphedl for 

This 1 1 me. i in burden isnuareJv op (° 
Ainti-ky us heine lh».' home of the only 
JeW* who are in a potliton to hel]-, ami 
|i has rpt home to the .leAf. here griMl- 
uall>'i fOI' "'immllU'es are aow bt-hlH 
forti'til l'i whhh means ttic recent ini- 
hd^tant* Jfr^jrn i\mr ^m-Jjiit ratnihl? t-t 
tir' fii'j e^l their un-furiunaie hrtt.bren 
While, therefor*, it in up to each in- 

dividual to tnnAe what sactiilce he tan 

at thljn timi\ ii \n ci|U;ili)' clear thai, tbtri 
BP-cjirlec xvill not meet the cundltton^ 
that will discover '• hetnseivew when the 
war la over. Sonicihlnn: fsir larger than 
nnythinej that clmrSty can do win tiave 
to he done, ]r:vficuaiLcti oi' whole com- I 
muttUlev Sflvea the Inverse resull that . 
yuu notice when yon tlirov^ a atone la a I 
pnol Of water— lb h eirtltrii enlai'Ke. anil 
with eaeti enlarpcment hocoaie lesa 
definite. In lli^s ca?e they he come mtfim 
dellldti' as they are enlarged. 

I'rowabiy a in ill ion Jews have heen 
moved durluB the ^iir^rnove^, Jlf-i«l, 
from the Smmedlote frontier tow^ns ami 
\tllarit-is V* the cities, theit moVcd froin 
the vitiei. with the old re«id*ni eh meiiiia 
vt those cities, into towns ctucl villus s 
more remo<o from the battle front- 

Thcje dr1v«s have hscii «oltiH on for :l 
year, iucrea*lin,' ]*v*!eiy In every direc- 
tion, inNseritiiatlnK misery in every rorrm 
and ;uli3Sr=a day hy day 10 the total if 
^nifipcak:ib]e hOrtorti. Meanwhile scores 
of the toWna that people esnle from Havo 
been shell ctl und dcatmyeil, ao inch? 
arlfles si (iiiestiqn whether, if they lie 
vrtven l hi: opporluisUy 10 rsudjunt [tieni- 
eel veil hi theh own homes, whether their 
homes eslnt at nil, and Ef pray do esi«i. 
the [Konlc will havi- le be t'ftpWivMied hi 
order tt> rftiirt life over again. 

Th '■:■** l*f pjiojverl (n ttlia a huge putlll 
tut prohli- m— will the Russian Govern- 
ilitnt jerinlt ttiem tu return-? Ov will it 
permute 1 in in to ftinsln ai their "la*; 
addiesf^ And :ik Vhl" prublprn lnvnlve-s 
HOI Only the tiunted lntLliOSh but ahovll 
fi,(K«J. h .tn3 or 7,1^0, P-"* more people, thete r 
il iremcildoUH fcrmeaL thraughout thr 
Jr-wlah Worhi as to llnf ;iCtlO» tlbt I b OW- 
era will talc*, and should tahe, to hrlH*; 
abaut en ad.U'^tment and reorpanlsa- 
tloii yf lift lar ;ino a Way ahoVe tti« ahil- 
ity Of philanthropic ttforl. 

The ln:Pne4Eai* aalu in all thia misery 
t^ n tit Wily thEit the .lews are taietnt 
tnoner i< hilp tlie-ir ]*oj>Je, Qui thai ill- 
vrtat tnrLf=^ of Hi* Jews in Lhis cuttnln 
hai< titeuBie Thot^yptdy consetou# ol 
lb* wlsoJt tfioup of i tKponsitlliUcB Ui*y 

will have to aeqnme roc the rest of the 
Jewish people. 


American Firms at Last SpJve pro^ 
lem of Phetocjraph Paper, 
After nine months of eonsTotit esnerl- 
nieiiLatior. two leading Amnriean firms 
have succeeded in maklmt photographic 
jsper -riUu is th^ Hm lime that the 
1 nitcd RtHtess has entered ihla field 

At ih^ outbreak of tlm r^urop^n w Pr 
tee supply nf »hoto K r*nhl P paper, which 
*:npe from rran te , Germany and Aui- 
ma, was- det-lar^t InsufHcient to latt 
inorf ihan IT. man! fin. 

When it hucarrK apparent that ihe 
WW was Hitely ln hurt u |on ff ttn^e 
he Am^Hcan photo industry fae.d 
imslncKH stagnation or the diacovery of 
riijjmw* for i, n Am.rfDnn^madc pap er . 

The- reaetions of i\ Khi Dt] Mltst ii W d 
r-hoiopropMe p-ayior nr v rtW tlhentlcal 
my B t erica. Bo, nlthouEJh American ^bem- 
N" tjaeil ihe farm u hie ihat had been 
found flatlflfactory In Europe, they 
billed to produce the rTOalred reaoKa, 
The printed Pictur* canie out blotched 
,K nd uniivpn, 

PnhWiiktTtM iTIvtutlnitlliri of the 1n. 

tr:l1ens^ uscvi failed lo rxpLjiin lh\* 
• ihfuomemm. The mnn^racturerF irlei'l 
: ^Men b islrnw and wood pulp papers, but ' 
thr hlotchen r^JKEaied. The only reianjfl- 
Inp tomponem of itie r n*oer, ihe effect 
<>l which was prableuiiLtEc, wu B the 

Two of Ihe Saret*l Amerlcun manu- 
lin-tuie™ ^ntvrtd upon a Nation -Wide 
KC-aeb for water, the chemical «*orn po- 
sition, of which woulrt nut mar the sen si - 

>Icn wlltj small tuind rj.utrlt» for paper 
jimldna wi-rt sent to ah corrwrs of ih+^ 

Ur'-ltud SlatcK and for *lx months tbe^ 
■.a rried or. Cxpicrimenta at Wflls and 
t-t ' "Sngs f n n u rner<i t> ! C, 

111 twu dlfftl'tJit lOCalities H m<jii; thun 
■,*i'fl [ititt-K apart, ttietie two ftrnit found 
wilier j-'Liilnbif for ihtir purposes >Jji if u- 
!yL-turt oji an enm^aH e tCitlt hue been 
In- pun. The photographic Industry uf 
liit I'laced Stjtt-e in no tuue/er dependent 
liuou Kuron lor lu) suppjJcu, 

"Indeed the only point that all warring elements are agreed upon is that at the 
end of the holocaust the Jews and Palestine will be more closely related than at 

The Boston Sunday Globe, September 26, 1915, page 46. 

So claimed Zionist, Kabbalist, and journalist Jacob de Hass, who also appears at number in our 
list. But also contributing to this propaganda article was the rabbi and Zionist, Stephen S. Wise, 
who made numbers 1, 13 & 101 in our list, plus, he still has more to come. 


VOL 41 **££? K 7\J£~aRF [ HEPSHQ, MISSOURI, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 14 1 1345 Singf* Copy Y'n* C*nh WO. Z7S 


We of High Command Negligence JBEVIN LEAVES 
Before Pear! Harbor Grows Blacker LONDON FOR BIG 
As Efforts to Hush Evidence Unfold? ' THREE MEETING 


Bill Is Dying 


Congrewmtn Hoi Inter- 1 

cited Eiwutfi E»en to' v%uv n . i Urc ,M r r is™, 

Attend SeMians Dunns" I Aim rLAIlLo ' nK 4jl^*od-i?Sii|iinn rLrmiia *t U* Bmiu^it murri« pint m hi*. 

_. j ■"■ latj bfLvr im?ei iuid# ihjlIk. 

Hearing, i^D A CU IV PflM [ ^' x Lj '" : ' * LlBf J" nf li " m K *'- -~h-ii.|iil:ci:i tc- csvrnslnntfl Mic J*TO #f 

■ LR/lJll Hi LUlU"* i E^fW*— P4ld IlK taijti (joM W *\i 11* lmwji' *t thf Hucrnfccri w*r 

XJeiutezun.1 Uconnnl ChrttfW.I , m («, fl.HH Ftmi i til* eompBunnM lull -i-IBPTOJT- 1 ...?..*-», ***«. = "™** ln»l 

htmtr fhxf ol tin: rar dEmit^ TOO HOT TO HAMMjI? m a Uaiflon airport Mils mftB l Uill ::■ .tel:x..-Aiip IiIILiiw MIINTCT dfiPA Hrh) an? ti» ClPiPfs -Kofcd ■ ■ 

nnnl> m. m |,l :l i^ .fcivif-imi, i*- lir.n^p.n::-. Brn,iiii* non-inn Mm r i-., :l| ::,w :., i.i!....|>nLArii.v. IHUmIOI HftLrt Hv t> |i™m| inn Pll,,f m ' 1- puintui— i tiip rtliuy of Km 

nimed hu t«Hrn.n;- Uiri HMRf WWAfaffcH — ilJP- — Tftg ' rt[« BrNflL BPMln uufc ofr in | thv ^ ,,. lw jou^l \ n \ .mm J«fs kllJnl W md«i fir*. , p, n||1 _ w <ui QnwvlT rf p^. 

Tlw P*arL Kl^Of 1nM&jitl#*tJVffj l^ttf n^na Lwfay (i*m Lhc'™™ AjTIV*: III MoSCDW 
run ftlwi III* admitted he Is iRrerllr —a|»ilA|blr tur f&ILnw v& Wtil TamorTOW. 
(.141 Hu.y,xlJBn DtefefUH; Jiail oat been imrucrly nlcrlei toy tiicir 
Amx «IHIWi*1*t. 




"/n my calculations, all the figures always 
add up to the same number: six million. " 

- Elie Wiesel 1 

"Well, I doubt it was 6,000,000. " 

- Herman Goering, February 15, 1946, Nuremberg. 2 

December 14, 1945, the day the world should have 
learnt that "six million" Jews had been killed 

On the morning of Friday, December 14, 1945, Major William F. Walsh, a member of the United States 
prosecution counsel at the main Nuremberg trial, made a prolonged presentation on, as he put it, the: 
"ultimate objective of the Nazi Party and the Nazi -controlled State, that is, the extermination of the 
Jews. "3 

Shortly before the court broke for lunch, Major Walsh presented as evidence to the Nuremberg tribunals 
the November 26, 1945 affidavit of SS-Sturmbannfuhrer Wilhelm Hoetll, in which Hoettl claimed that at 
the end of August 1944, Adolf Eichmann had told him the German state had killed approximately six 
million Jews: 


26 November 1945 
I, Wilhelm Hoettl, state herewith under oathi 
My name is Dr. WilhcJm Hoettl, SS-Sturmbannfuehrer (Major 
of the SS). My occupation until the German collapse was that 
of a reporter and deputy Gruppenleiter in Amt VI (Office VI) 
of the Reichs Security Office [Reichssicherheitshauptampt], 



Amt VI of the ESHA was the so-called Foreign Section of the 
Security Service and it was engaged in the Intelligence Service 
in all countries in the world. It corresponded somewhat to the 
English Intelligence Service. The group to which I belonged was 
occupied in the Intelligence Service of Southeastern Europe (the 

At the end of August 1044 I was talking to SS-Obersturmbann- 
fuehrer Adolf Eichmann, whom I had known since 1938, The con- 
versation took place in my home in Budapest* 

According to my knowledge Eichmann was, at that time, Ab- 
tei lungs lei ter in Amt IV (the Gestapo) of the Reich Security 
Office [Reichssicherheitshauptampt] and in addition to that he 
had been ordered by Himmler to get a hold of the Jews in all the 
European countries and to transport them to Germany. Eich- 
mann was then very much impressed with the fact that Rumania 
had withdrawn from the war in those days. Therefore, he had 
come to me to get information about the military situation which 
I received daily from the Hungarian Ministry of War and from 
the Commander of the Waffen-SS in Hungary. He expressed his 
conviction that Germany had now lost the war and that he, per- 
sonally, had no further chance. He knew that he would be con- 
sidered one of the main war criminals by the United Nations since 
he had millions of Jewish lives on his conscience. I asked him 
how many that was, to which he answered that although the 
number was a great Reich secret, he would tell me since I, as a 
historian, would be interested and that he would probably not re- 
turn anyhow from his command in Rumania. He had* shortly be- 
fore that, made a report to Himmler, as the latter wanted to 
know the exact number of Jews who had been killed. On the 
basis of his information he had obtained the following result: 

Approximately four million Jews had been killed in the various 

extermination camps while an additional two million met death in 

■ the major part of which were shot by operational 

sq uads of the Security Police during the campaign against Russia. 

the number of Jev 

|HimmIer had stated, that he would send a man 
from his Office of Statistics to Eichmann, so that he could make 
a new report on the basis of Eichmann 's material, in which exact 
figures should be worked out. 

I have to believe that this information, given to me by Eich- 
mann, was correct, as he, among all the persons in question, cer- 
tainly had the best survey of the figures of the Jews who had been 



murdered, Jn the first place, he "delivered'* so to speak the Jews 
to the extermination camps through his special squads and knew, 
therefore, the exact figure and, in the second place, as Abteilungs- 
leiter in Amt IV (the Gestapo) of the RSHA, who was also re- 
sponsible for Jewish matters, he knew indeed better than anyone 
else the number of Jews who had died in other ways. 

In addition to that, Eichmann was at that moment in such a 
state of mind as a result of the events, that he certainly had no 
intention of telling me something that was not true. 

I, myself, know the details of this conversation so well because 
I was, naturally, very much affected and I had already, prior to 
the German collapse, given detailed data about it to American 
Quarters in a neutral foreign country with which I was in touch 
at that time. 

I hereby swear, that the above statements have been made by 
me voluntarily and without duress or compulsion, and that the 
above statements are true according to my best knowledge and 
belief. t 

[signed] Di\ Wilhelm Hoettl 

Signed and sworn to before me in Number's, Germany this 
2Gth day of November 1945. 

[signed] Frederick L. Felton 

Lieutenant USNR 

Affidavit of Dr. Wilhelm Hoettl, November 26, 1945. Nuremberg Document No. 2738-PS. Nazi Conspiracy and 
Aggression (The Red Series). Volume V. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C. 1946. pp. 380-2. 

Wilhelm Hoetll had made an earlier affidavit (November 5, 1945) in which he also claimed that Eichmann 
had told him that six million Jews had been murdered: 


Dr. Wilhelm Hoettl, after being sworn, declares: 
I was a member of the SD from 193S until the German collapse 
except for two interruptions during the years 1939 and 1941-1943 
Until 1939 I had charge of the department "Catholic Church : 
with the SD in Vienna, subsequently I was employed in Depart- 
ment VT ? Foreign Information Service, 

In connection with my activities in Vienna, I made the acquaint- 
ance of Obersturmbannfuehrer Eichmann, whom I met again in 
1943 as a section chief in Department IV of the Gestapo. There 
he handled the Department for Jews [Judenreferat]. 




In August 1944 at the occasion of a visit in my apartment in 
Budapestp Eichmann told me that he had to make a report for 
Himmler on the number of Jews killed, an d that he estimated the 

| Of those 4 million had 
been killed in the extermination institutions in the East, while 
the additional 2 millions were killed by shootings — mainly by 
the Einsatzgruppen of the SIPO and the SD during the campaign 
in the East, 

About 1942 I had a conversation with SS-Brigade commander 
Dr. Stahlecker who had been ih command of such an Einsats- 
gruppe of the SIPO and the SD in the East He told me that he 
had been ordered by Obergruppenfuehrer Heydrich to take com- 
mand of such an Einsatzgruppe, whose field of action was the 
area of an Army group. He had the order to exterminate the 
Jews in that district by shootings. 

From my conversations with Eichmann and Stahlecker and 
other members of the SIPO and the SD I conclude that the Jews 
were killed since the beginnings of the Tlussian campaign (1941), 
at first by the Einsatzgruppen of the SIPO and the SD and later 
— probably since the beginning of 1943 — in the extermination 
camps in the East. 

The arrest of the Jews and their shipment to the extermination 
camps was carried out by a special detachment [Sonderkom- 
mando] under the direction of Eichmann, which was composed of 
members of the SIPO — especially Gestapo, Heydrich had given 
the instructions for this to Eichmann, In the RSHA his chief 
was the head of the Gestapo, SS Obergruppenfuehrer Mueller. 

[signed] Dr, Wilhelm Hoettl 

Subscribed and sworn to before me this 5th day of November 

[signed] Whitney R. Harris 
Lieut, TX S. Naval Reserve 

Affidavit of Dr. Wilhelm Hoettl, November 5, 1945. Nuremberg Document No. 2615-PS. Nazi Conspiracy and 
Aggression (The Red Series). Volume V. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, D.C. 1946. pp. 338-9. 

Wilhelm Hoettl, "a real hoaxer 77 

Being interviewed for the 1973-4 British television series The World at War 

In the afternoon session of the main Nuremberg trial on December 14, 1945, Dr. Kauffman, the defence 
lawyer of Obergruppenfuhrer Ernst Kaltenbrunner, attempted to have Hoettrs affidavit-which had been 
presented as evidence that morning by Major Walsh-stricken from the record. 5 His reason being, that 
Hoettl was present at Nuremberg, but was not to be called to as a witness by the Prosecution, and 
therefore the defence lawyers would not have the opportunity to cross examine him. Dr. Kauffman 
claimed: "The death of millions of people is involved here. His affidavit is based largely on inferences, 
on hearsay; I believe that the facts are very different". Dr. Kauffman's request was denied by Geoffrey 
Lawrence, the British judge and President of the tribunal, though he allowed the defence to formally 
apply in writing for Wilhelm Hoettl to be called to the witness stand. 6 Which Lawrence knew was 
something that Dr. Kauffman had already done, i but in vain, as Wilhelm Hoettl was never to appear in 
the witness box at the main, nor any of the Subsequent Nuremberg trials. 

As American historian Mark Weber has documented, 8 Wilhelm Hoettl was actually working for the OSS, 
the Office of Strategic Services (which was the forerunner to the Central Intelligence Agency) when he 
made his affidavits in which he claimed the Nazis themselves estimated the death toll of Jews at six 
million. Mark Weber cited now declassified 1949, 1950 and 1952 OSS internal reports on Wilhelm Hoettl 
which described him as: 

"a man of such low character and poor political record that his use for intelligence activities, 
regardless of how profitable they may be, is a short-sighted policy by the U.S." 

"notorious fabricator (of) intelligence." 

"is involved in extensive intelligence activities for almost anyone who is willing to purchase his 

Hoettrs intelligence reports were described as "worthless and possibly inflated or fabricated." 

"Dr. Hottl (the German spelling of his name) has long been known to this headquarters and other 
allied military organizations in Austria as a fabricator of intelligence information. His reports 
normally consist of a fine cobweb of fact, heavily padded with lies, deceit, conjecture and other 
false types of information. This organization will have absolutely nothing to do with Dr. Hottl or 
any members of his present entourage. He is persona non grata to the American, French and 
British elements in Austria." 

Mark Weber also cited an SS report into Hoettrs purchase of land in Poland in 1942, which describes 
Hoettl as: 

"dishonest, scheming, fawning,... a real hoaxer," 

Finally, and arguably most damningly, Mark Weber writes: 

"Interestingly, numerous U.S. intelligence reports identify connections between Hottl and Simon 
Wiesenthal, the well-known "Nazi hunter." One U.S. Army CIC document described Wiesenthal as 
the "Chief Austrian Agent of the Israeli Intelligence Bureau." A U.S. Army CIC report in January 
1950 noted that for the last three or four months Wiesenthal had "recruited the services of 
Wilhelm Hottl," and had hired him to gather information for reports by the "Nazi hunter."" 

American documents conclusively prove that the man relied upon as the source of the six million figure, 
was an immensely dishonest figure, an employee of an American intelligence agency, and that he had 
been recruited into that agency by an representative of the Israeli Intelligence Bureau. 

As has been irrefutable proven in the preceding pages of this book, Jewish groups had been bewailing 
6,000,000 Jews being on the point of death for several decades prior to Wilhelm Hoettrs affidavit being 
presented at the Nuremberg trial. And I have proven that the figure of 6,000,000 Jewish victims of the 
National Socialist regime had been repeatedly predicted, long before Hitler supposedly took a decision, 
sometime before the autumn of 1941, to murder European Jewry in gas chambers. 9 

Already I've documented, how late into 1943, claims that 6,000,000 Jews were going to be killed were 
abundant. In this chapter I'll document that in 1944 and then 1945, long before Wilhelm Hoettrs 
affidavit was made public at the main Nuremberg trial on December 14, 1945, Zionists were claiming 
that 6,000,000 Jews had been killed. 

Essentially, I will show that this claim by the Anti-Defamation League that: 

"The widely cited "6 million" figure is derived from the initial 1945 Nuremberg trial estimate of 
5.7 million deaths;"io 

Is a complete and utter lie. 

Notes to introduction of chapter 

1. Wiesel, Elie. Legends of Our Times. 1982. New York: Schocken Books. 1982 (first published 1968). p. 182. 

2. Gilbert, Gustav. The Nuremberg Diary. Massachusetts: De Capo Press. 1995 (first published 1947). p. 152. 

3. Day 20; December 14, 1945. Nuremberg Trial Proceedings (The Blue Series) Volume III. Printed in Nuremberg, Germany. 1947. p. 551. 

4. Ibid, p .569. 

5. Ibid. p. 571. 

6. Ibid. p. 572. 

7. Ibid. p. 571. 

8. Wilhelm Hottl and the Elusive 'Six Million' by Mark Weber. The Journal of Historical Review, Sept.-Dec. 2001 (Vol. 20, No. 5-6), pages 25-32. 

9. Hilberg, Raul. The Destruction of the European Jews Revised and Definitive Edition. New York: Holmes & Meier. 1985. p. 402. Footnote no. 30. 

10. "Responses to common Holocaust-denial claims" — — (accessed July 11, 2012). In the same 
article the ADL claims: "In fact, Western scholars have never supported the figure of 4 million deaths at Auschwitz;". The ADL obviously doesn't 
count Jewish historians Martin Gilbert (Auschwitz and the Allies, Random House, 2001, p. 337) and Deborah Lipstadt (Beyond Belief. 
Touchstone, 1993, p. 262) as "scholars", as both these ardent Zionists claimed that there were indeed "4 deaths at Auschwitz." 

No. 201, September 1944 

Page 227 

ness and s<w to it Hut the brothers and 
the sisters of the Negro race are really 
activated in the affairs of our unions so 
thai they wi J I go on forward arid assume 
leadership along with their white brothers, 

Thank you. {ApphttJ*) 

question is called for. Any further dis- 

Ready for the question. 

All tho*e in favor of the motion, signi- 
fy it by iuyiug "Aye/ - Those opposed? 
The "Ayes" have it and it is so ordered. 

MAIO: Resolution Numl>er 2i\ page 
113, on Argentina, 


Submitted by Low! M02 P St, Louis, Mo, 

WHEREAS; Argentina has consistent- 
ly followed a policy of Fascist dictator- 
ship, and 

WHEREAS: Argentina ii daily 9* v ' n 9 
did *nd comfort to those who support 
Ndiism and Fascism, and 

WHEREAS: Tho» polices of Argen- 
tina ara diametrically oppoiW to tho 
policies to which our Government hat 
pledged itself in tho United Nations, 


WHEREAS: History records no paral- 
lel to the bestial cruelties inflicted on the 
Jewish people of Europe by the Nails 
and their satellites, whose coldly calcu- 
lated program of extermination of all 
European Jews very nearly succeeded p 
almost six million Jews having been mur- 
dered in cold blood, and 

WHEREAS: Many thousands of these 
unfortunates might have been saved had 
they been allowed to enter Palestine, 

WHEREAS: Groat Britain had pro* 
rnulgated by unilateral action a Palestine 
White Paper in 1939 which completely 
closed all doors in Palestine to thousands 
of an antr-Nui Jewish refugees t and, by 
this step of appeasement of fascism, the 
British Empire standi guilty as a mur- 
derer of tens of thousands of people who 
might have been alive, and 

WHEREAS: The White Paper policy 
is in direct contradiction to the Balfour 
Declaration of 1917, the League of Na- 
tions Mandate of 1922 and the Anglo* 
American Convention of 1924, and 

WHEREAS: Today there are tens of 
thousands of Jewish people languishing 
in rnnrp Titration ramci In Europe and 

"WHEREAS: History records no parallel to the bestial cruelties inflicted on the 
Jewish people of Europe by the Nazis and their satellites, whose coldly calculated 
program of extermination of all European Jews very nearly succeeded, almost six 
million Jews having been murdered in cold blood ..." 

Resolution Palestine, Friday, September 29, 1944. United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America 
Convention Proceedings, September 25th-29th, 1944. p. 227. 

No.202, November 1944 

Black Book' to 
Tell of Massacre 
Six Million Jews 

five-volume "black 
my a documentary 
Per man m assacie o 
| European 
picpated tqdjy by 
hating house 

The fust volume 
ptUtxJ And vull be 
loie Jan 1 

27— (U ?)~A 
book' h contain 
record o£ the 
f appioximatel> 
Jews was bemg 
the sUte pub- 
has been com 
thsinbuLed be- 

The woik was under Lhc general 
editorship o£ Hya ^hrenborg The 
editorial board included poet-play- 
\\ right KiimUntin Simonov 1 writer 
VSeioltl Udtiov and puettss Vera 

The H bb<_k book 11 will contain 
£qui categories Geiniau decices 
and unless ot the d:\\ eye-witness 
accounts oi survivois ot mutder 
eamps dianes and letters of the 
victim*, and account b> nortJowb 
who aided in the escape of ctntam 

Data available to lhc editois in 
dicated th ai between 5,OQ0 T GQ0 and 
| Russian Polish, and we^t- 
eui Emope Jew* weie killed and 
an additional hair million Jews taee 
ptobablc dealh in ilungai} now. 

"'Black Book' to Tell of Massacre Six Million Jews ... A five-volume "black 
book" containing a documentary record of the German massacre of 
approximately 6,000,000 European Jews is being prepared by the state publishing 
house ... Data available to the editors indicated that between 5,000,000 and 
6,000,000 Russian Polish, and western Europe Jews were killed and an additional 
half million Jews face probable death in Hungary now." 

The Daily Register (Harrisburg, IL), November 27, 1944, page 4. 

Prints Volume 
On Atrocities 
Against Jews 

Morrow Pnhlbliiiig IIohm 1 

Completes First Book 

on Nazi Murders 

Bt Henry Shapiro 

Moscow* Nov* 27. — A live-volume 
**black book" containing a docu- 
mentary record of the German 
massacre of approximately 6.0DO.OOD 
Puropean Jews is being prepared by 
the state publishing house. 

The first volume has been com- 
pleted and mil be distributed be- 
fore Jan. 3- 

The work was under the general 
editorship of Dya Ehrenborg and the 
editorial board included poet-play- 
wnght Konstantin Simonov, writer 
Ysevold Ivanov, and poetess Vera 

To Contain Four Categories 

four categories: German decrees 
and orders of the day; eyewitness 
accounts of survivors of murder 
camps; diaries and letters of the 
victims: and accounts by n on -Jews 
who aided in the escape of certain 

Data available to the editors in- 
dicated that between 5,000.000 and 
6*100000 Russian, Polish and west- 
ern Europe Jews were killed and 
an additional half million Jews face 
probable death in Hungary now. 

The "black boot" will show that 
systematic annihilation of the Jews 
began m 1939 and -ivas carried out 
in eiaht principal places with death 
mehtods including gas chamber 
tcphyxialion, electrocution, iirmc; 
squads, bacterial Inoculation, and 
with carbon moxide chamoers. 

One of the largest camps was 
operated near TVarsaw where a 
rjajority of Polish Jews and many 
piLtsh Catholics were killed, the 
black bonk editors said. 

Of Poland^ prewar Jewish pop- 
ulation of 3,100.000, about 2SQ.O00 
■fr-erc known to be in Russia. All 
of the others, who had been under 
German rule, were killed with the 
exception of 8.000 escapees, the 
editors estimated. 

In many of the reoccupied areas. 

the Russians found intact records 
listing the names and origin of vic- 
tims along with identification cer ti- 
ll cat es. passports, and photographs. 

AmunjI lo iters Jt'fi behind by Vic* 
tims, this correspondent saw one 
from a woman and a girl ad- 
drssed to their husband and father, 
**M Wishner, 196 Central Ave^ 
Orange N. J.** 

"They're coming to murder us" 
the wife wrote. "The only thing 
vou can do is to avert se iis + " 
Wanted to Live 

The little daughter scribbled: 

**1 want to live. *I am afraid to 
to die," 

Signatures on the tea -stained let- 
ter were ii legible. 

(Radio Moscow announced Sunday 
that German FieJd Marshals Von 
Leeb and George von Kuechler and 
seven generals had been namtd 
Elong with the "Hitlerite govern- 
ment" and the "German high com- 
mand** as war criminals responsible 
lor 46,000 atrocities in Estonia* A 
Pravda editorial broadcast by Mos- 
cow said "these criminals cannot 
escape responsibility** and added 
that the guilt of Alfred Rosenberg, 
Kail minister for occupied eastern 
territories, had been "established on 
the same ground."! 

"A five-volume "black book" containing a documentary record of the German 
massacre of approximately 6,000,000 European Jews is being prepared by the 
state publishing house." 

The Youngstown Vindicator (OH), November 27, 1944, page 3. 

Six Million Jews 
Listed Slaughtered 

Russians to Detail 
Massacres by Nazis 

MOSCOW, Nov 28 (UP)— A Ave- 
^.ume "black book" containing a 
documentary recoid of the German 
nassacre of approximately si 
lion European Jews was being pre- 
pared today by the State publishing 

The first volume has been com- 
pleted and will be distributed be- 
Ji re Jan, 1, 

The work was under the general 
editorship of llya Ehrenbourg and 
the editorial board Included Foet- 
PlaywriEht Kons'.antin Simonov 
Writer Vsevold Ivanov and Poetess 
/era Imber. 

Four Categories 

The *black book" will contain 
^our categories: German decrees 
and orders of the day; eye- witness 
accounts of survivors of murder 
camps: diaries and letters of the 
"ictims, and accounts by non-Jews 
A T ho aided m the escape of certain 
*r doners* 

The "black boot" will show that 
^systematic annihilation of the Jews 
tt-gan in 1930 anc was carried out 
lx+ eight principal places with death 
net hods including gas chamber 
**rpnyxiation t eie* Uocuhon, firing 
squads, bacterial Inoculation and 
with carbon munLXide chambers. 

Catholics 4ho Kilted 

One of the largest camps was op- 
erated near Warsaw where a ma- 
jority of Polish Jews and many 
Polish Catholics were killed, the 
hlack book editors said. 

Of Poland *s pre-war Jewish 
population of 3.100,000. about 250,000 
were known to be in Russia, All of 
the others, who had been under 
German rule, were killed with the 
exception of 8000 escapees, the 
editors estimated. 

Among letters left behind by vic- 
tims was from ft woman and a girl 
addressed to their husband and 
father. "M. YVishner, 196 Central 
Ave. T orange. N, J" 

"They re coming to murder us" 
the wife wrote. "The only thins 
you can do Is to avenge us," 
The little daughter scribbled; 
4 'I want to live. I am afraid to 

"Six Million Jews Listed Slaughtered. A five-volume "black book" containing a 
documentary record of the German massacre of approximately six 
million European Jews was being prepared today by the State publishing house. ... 
The work was under the general editorship of llya Ehrenburg ..." 

The Pittsburgh Press (OH), November 28, 1944, page 5. 

Russian "Black Book" 
lists German crimes 

MOSCOW, riov + 28 (BUP) — 
The first volume of a five-volume 
Russian "black book" recording 
In documentary form f the Ger- 
mantnassacre of approximately 

_^^H European Jews has been 
completed by the Soviet state 
publishing house and will make 
its appearance before the end of 
the year. 

The "black book" will record 
the Germans' unparalleled perse- 
cution of Jews in four categories 
of documents; German decrees 
and orders of the day, eyewitness 
accounls of survivors of murder 
camps, diaries and letters of the 
victims and accounts of non- 
Jews who aided in the escape of 
certain prisoners, 
-The five-volume work Js under 
|no general editorship of Ulya 

Ehrenberg, noted Soviet writer 
and war correspondent, with an 
editorial board that includes poet- 
playwright Kanstantin Simonov, 
writer Vsevold Ivanov and poetess 
Vera imber. 

The German passion for order 
and detail has helped to contribute 
to the "black book, 11 for accurate 
records listing the names and ori- 
gin of victims have been found 
in many concentration camps cap- 
tured intact in reoccupied areas. 

Editors of the work— which will 
be published in both Russian and 
English in press runs of hundreds 
of thousands of copies— estimate 
from data now available that the 
Germans killed between 5,000 000 
and 0.000.000 Jews in Russia, 
Poland and western Europe. They 
believe an additional 500,000 now 
are being murdered in Hungary. 

"Russian "Black Book" lists German crimes. The first volume of a five-volume 
Russian "black book" recording the documentary form of the German massacre of 
approximately 6,000,000 European Jews ... The five-volume work is under the 
general editorship of llya Ehrenburg, noted Soviet writer and war correspondent, 
with an editorial board that ... estimate from data now available that the Germans 
killed between 5,000,000 and 6,000,000 ..." 

The Leader Post (Saskatchewan, Canada), November 28, 1944, page 2. 


MOSrmVp Monday (T T Ph — 
The Soviet Stat* PuhlishinK 
Holism \% preparing the publica- 
tion of another "Rlark Book/' 
a documentary record of the. 
Germftn mjgajre of approxi- 
mately I I European 

The fir ^t volume will appear 
before the end of ihe year, 
under the editorship of the 
u/fl known authnr, Hyu Fhren- 
burg. The record \\l\i contain 
four ft ate tfories of documents: 

(1) Data on the actual mur- 

(2> Ey^^witne** accounts by 
survivon* of murders in 

riini|is ; 

(3) The diaries and letters of 

(4> Accounts of n on -Jew* 
who aided prisoners to es- 
According to the Soviet edi- 
tors, the GermauslclUex^be- 
tween five and Hi million 
Russian, Polish and Western 
European Jews, and an addi- 
tional half million are being 
murdered in Hungary now. 

"SIX MILLIONS MURDERED. The Soviet State Publishing House is preparing the 
publication of another "Black Book," a documentary record of the German 
massacre of approximately six million European Jews. ... According to the Soviet 
editors, the Germans killed between five and six million Russian, Polish and 
Western European Jews, and an additional half million are being murdered in 
Hungary now." 

The Palestine Post, November 28, 1944, page 1 . 

The five newspaper articles immediately above, are all reporting on the publication of the Black 
Black, a book produced for the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee, under the guidance of Jewish 
Soviet propagandist llya Ehrenburg, who was also a Zionist. This first edition of the Black Book 
was in Yiddish, the World Jewish Congress published an English edition in the United States in 
1946. I possess an original 1946 English edition of the Black Book, and the 6,000,000 figure of 
murdered Jews appears at least three times (pages 4, 241, 396) in the 560 page book. 



Einstein Plans 
Tolerance Plea 

Dr. Albert EinMrtn will d*. 
liver » pit* for toUmhx** W«!- 
nt*da> ■ ! p. nt. Iwfnre Hie 
"Hope *-H. Hftte 11 m+*li»g at 
Miuji*on Sqtiarr Garden. 

The meeting ivlll %ifinalfze 
publication of Th«- BUt k fiuofc t 
the story of thr »n ni hiU lion ot 
8.MMM ,f*w% by the Nidi 
Thr boob w-fts prepared by lh<* 
Uorld It-wifiji « ongrrv*, the 
Vftftd Leiimi ur PftJ^tiiJc* Ihe 
-J*-u|*h \nti Vnsrt*t CvmmHter 
of III* Soviet Iniun ami the 
Amrricwi < untiiiif Irr of Jewish 
Writer*, ArtUt* mid Sri*nli*tJ§. 

Photo of an original 1946 English edition of The Black Book, and an article from The New York 
Post (March 25, 1946, page 12) about the launch of the book. 

No.203, December 1944 



DAVID ALTER, PabUthtr rt **/ OfW BuUding, Pittsburgh, P&. 


M«W lit MiMtAFj Srri. (P 

Atlanta Q75Z 

December 1, 1944 

%& vtei&raiafWB ^^s^^^^^j--^^- 

Thfl Jewish Crtt*rJ*a h« nseiuslv* rifhi* to th* Worm WM» 
Tetnjrsplqlg NpWj, P*Scor Agvhcy ana ta# Seven Atfj F*»lu*w 

Vd, 1G5, No. 5 


American Jewish Conference 
Opens Sunday, December 3 

for the second time since our country's 
entry into the war, the elected represen- 
tatives of American Jewish communities 
and national organizations— the delegates 
lo the American Jewish Conference— win 
meet to review the Jewish scene* receive 
reports of past Activities and map out 
plans for the future. 

The 14 months that have passed since 
the first session of the American Jewish 
Conference in New York City have proven 
that unified action in the rtetds of Rescue, 
Palestine and Post- War problem* is im- 
perative for the successful implementation 
of the rehabilitation and reconstruction 
program which called the Conference into 

Of the five hundred delegates who will 
gather m Pittsburgh, nearly one hundred 
are new ones, some of them alternating for 
those unable to Attend, and some, new ap- 
pointees of the national organizations. In 
addition to these changes in personnel, 
there will also be a change in. the number 
and composition of the groupings, due to 
a realignment of forces and the formation 
of ft new bloc—the Independent Bloc. 
However, the continuity of the Confer- 
ence which has been actually in recess, 
will he maintained. All committees as con- 
stituted at the Scat session, will continue 
in the second session, with concomitant 
changes in their composition, 

Judging by the pre-session debate which 
occupied pages in the entire Jewish press h 
the past activities of the Conference are 
expected to be closely scrutinised at the 
second session, especially during the Gen- 
eral Debate at plenary meetings. 

The session will open on Sunday, De- 
cember S. at 2 p. m. at the William Penn 
Hotel in Pittsburgh, with the reports, of 
the three co-chairmen of the Interim Com- 
mittee, to be followed by reports from the 
Commissions on Rescue, Palestine and 
Post- War. Almost half the session has 
been reserved for a general debate, to en- 
able the delegates to express: their opinions 
On past activities as well as on issues fac- 
ing the future of the Conference. The ses- 
sion is scheduled to conclude on Tuesday 
evening, December S Thure will be no out- 
side functions of any kind ; the entire time 
of the session win be devoted to the tiins- 
action of the plenary and committee 

The General Committee will meet in ad- 
vance of th»." Kitten, beginning on Friday; 
December 1. at 10 a. m., to make final ar- 
rangements for the three days' meetings. 
Registration of the delegates will begin 
on Saturday* December 2, at T p. nu and 
will continue the foHuivfcip morning. 

Of the unfinished business left over 
from the first session, the election of a 
delegation to the Peace Conference is 
among the items with which the second 

session will have to deal. It will have to 
decide on this manner in which American 
Jewry is to co-operate with Jewries from 
other lands in joint aclion for post-war 
rehabilitation and Palestine. Preliminary 
steps haye already been taken by the Con- 
ference in consultation- with other bodies, 
to establish harmonious contacts with the 
Jews of other lands, leading to co-ordi- 
nated Jewish representation. 

The Magnificent Twosome 
Two men, syndicated columnists of no 
little (but mean) influence, are Spearhead- 
ing a campaign of intimidation against 
refugees in this country , and even against 
Americans who lacked the Foresight to be 
oorn in the United States, It is a campaign 
after the best style of the K3LK. Columns 
of type and calumnious wordage replace 
the ftery cross in a campaign to cow the 
refugee and prevent him from enjoying 
his asylum, and to heep the naturalised 
American from fulfilling his functions as 
an American according to the beat dic- 
tates of his conscience. 

We want, however, to draw a distinction 
between the two men. Pegler, frankiy a 
menace, can at least command respect for 
the wallop of his words, Sckolsky's claim 
to fame can only be based on the fact that 
he is s strange phenomenon, the son of 
immigrants, who has even exceeded Peg- 
fer in whipping up hate for the foreign- 
born; a Jew, who lighthearledly did his 
bit in a vicious campaign against the refu- 
gee and foreign born in the year 1941 
when Jewry was counting ita dead by the 

Sokolsky is going strong, (t is his ex- 
pert opinion that any person who has lived 
in Europe beyond his twelfth jeftr can 
hardly make a good American, having 
been indoctrinated by Europe's evils. 
Sokolsky writes as though much of 
America's tradition were a personal em- 
barassment to him. Rightly so, for a great 
deal of the spirit that j.n tJiv United States 
has been imported from Europe by per- 
sons who came here in adulthood, ^indoc- 
trinated" by "Europe's evils," A* » matter 
of fact, these Europeans indoctrinated the 
constitution itself. 

Mr, Pegler has advocated the boycott as 
a weapon against people who show what 
he regards as communist tendencies. Wo 
do not approve of the boycott, and should 
like to point out to Mr. FegJur that he 
may be invoking a dangerous weapon 
against newspapers syndicating him. And 
as for Mr, Sokolsky, it is high time that 
he* who by his writings has contributed 

toward the possible excommunication »[ 
the refuge? and foreign bom, should be 
regarded as an ex-communicant by all 

The World Jewish Congress 

the story of the terrible Jewish tragedy 
in this war has been retold at the emer- 
gency conference of the World Jewish 
Congress which has just teen concluded in 
Atlantic City- Dr. Kubotwitsky, head of 
the Rescue Department, estimated that 
apart from Jewish losses in combat Serv- 
ice, 5,500,000 Jews have been killed in. 
Germany and German-occupied territories 
since the outbreak of the war. 

These figures exceed the number antici- 
pated even by the most pessimistic. Nor 
did any other speakers offer any balm. Dr. 
Nahum Goldmann In fact realistically pat 
the moral responsibility for the Jewish 
tragedy— "with our own generation;" 

Future ages will no the able to t&v thai 
we Jews were very wise— if they are to 
judge the amount of rescue we were able 
to accomplish. Nor will they give a better 
testimonial to our democratic govern 
ments, Dr, Goldmann told of the sad ex- 
periences with the democracies: 

"The democracies cannot say that 
they were not warned because since 
19&3. they were warned again and 
again. The reply to our warnings 
were routine measures, red tape and 
the rejection of measures proposed by 
us and other Jewish organizations. 
And what was clone was too late or 
too little. When we s^ked them to In- 
tervene with Germany the reply was 
that ant i- Jewish policies are the In- 
ternal affair* of a country whoatj 
sovereignty forbids other countries to 
intervene. When we asked the open- 
ing of doora to other countries, espe- 
cially Palestine, the reply was that 
immigration policies are the internal 
affairs of a sovereign slate. And Eng- 
land's appeasement policy toward the 
Arabs led to the English to shut the 
doors of Palestine at a time when 
their opening was more essential than 
ever before." 

Yes. the Germans murdered close to sis 
million Jews, hut the democracies csnnci 
point with any particular pride to their 
conduct either. Had they acted generously 
and in time, many might have been saved. 

"... 5,500,000 Jews have been killed in Germany and German-occupied territories 
since the outbreak of the war. ... Yes, the Germans murdered close to six 
million Jews ..." 

The Jewish Criterion (Pittsburgh), December 1, 1944, page 6. 

xne worm jewisn congress 

The story dT the terrible Jewish tragedy in this war has been 
retold at the emergency' conference of the World Jewish Congress 
which has just been concluded in Atlantic City- !Dt- Kubctwit^ky, 
Iie&d of the Kescue Department, estimated tint ay art from Jewish 
losses in combat service, 6,500,000 Jews have been Idlled in Ger- 
many and German-occupied tesritoriea since ih* outbreak of tie 

These figures exceed the number anticipated even by the most 
pessimistic Nor did any other speakers offer any balm. Dr. 
tfahnin Goldmami, in fact, realistically put the moral responsibility 
for the Jewish trad^ey— S1 with our own generation." 

Future ages will not be able to eay that we Jews were very 
wist— ii r they arc to judge by the amount of rescue we ware able 
to accomplish. Kor will they gi ve a hetter testimonial to our dem- 
ocratic governments. Dr- Goldmann told of the sad experiences 
with the democracies : 

"The democracies cannot say that they wgto not warned* be- 
cause sinra 1933, they were warned again and again-.. The reply 
tc sts? watEisgfE Yt ere swotintf ^ea^nr^Bj :red. *ape s»d the rejficfcinn 
of measures proposed by ns and other Jewish organizations, And 
what was done too late flr too little. When we asked them to inter* 
vene with Germany the reply was that anti-Jewish pottciea are 
the internal affaira of a country whose sovereignly forbids other 
countries to intervene, When wc asked the opening of doors to 
other countries esp^«iaQy Palestine, the reply was that immigra- 
tion policies are the internal affairs of a sovereign state. And 
England's appeasement policy toward the Araba led to the Eng- 
lish to shut the doors of Palestine at a time when their opening 
was more essential than ever before." 

Yes p the Germane murdered close to six million Jews, but the 
democracies oannot point with any particular pride to their con- 
duct either. Had they acted generously and in time, aiaiiy might 
have been saved. 

"... 5,500,000 Jews have been killed in Germany and German-occupied tesritories 
(sic) since the outbreak of the awr (sic). These figures exceed the number 
anticipated even by the most pessimistic. ... Yes, the Germans murdered close 
to six million Jews ..." 

Jewish Western Bulletin (Vancouver), December 8, 1944, page 2. 

The two articles in number ??? in our list are exactly the same (typos aside) but what is notable, 
is the quote "These figures exceed the number anticipated by even the pessimistic", and then 
immediately afterwards discussing president of the World Jewish Congress Nahum Goldman, who 
had thrown out a 6,000,000 prediction himself in 1940, which features as number ??? in our list. 

No.204, December 1944 

'Peace and the Jew' Topic of »«*• 

r De 

Rabbi's Talk at Kiwanis Club 

Recorder {Amsterdam, NY), 
December 1, 1944, p. 8 

"Peace and th* Jew" was the sub- 
ject of mi address delivered by 
RiibbL Michael L. Kurz, Congrega- 
tion Sons of Israel, to the mem ben 
of the Kiwanis Club attending the 
weekly meeting Thursday, Rabbi 
Kurt developed the thought that 
the Jews, who have suffered at 
least as much, probably more than 
any nation during the present wav. 
must, not being a nation, depend 
upon the conscience of the world at 
the peacelable. The question Is. he 
Slid, during one point In his ad- 
dress, not what the Jew will dn Tor 
the peace, but what the pence will 
do for- i he Jew. "I apeuk of pence 
and the Jew advised iy/ the rabbi 
said during the introductory pot - 
tlon of his talk, "because l he Jew 
has always been a major spiritual 
force In the pursuit of pence. 

Referring to the Vision uf peace 
as presented in the Bible ot the 
Jews and to the rabbis as teachers 
of the Ideal of peace, the speaker 
continued to »ay thai the Jew will 
not he consulted at the peacetahle 
after the wnr has ended. We must 
be dealt with as Individuals not a? 
a group, he said Minority utates 
will be* represented at the peace ne- 
gotiations, but little will be satd of 
the Jew as a group because he ha? 
no national status. He may hive 
had It at one time bgt it is lost Our 
only political representative at the 
peace: tnhje will be the conscience 
of the world. 

After this statement Rabbi Kuti 
went on to d la cum the selfishness 
of nations as manifested in the 

statement to say in substance that 

. we hear no talk of lo many Fords 

past, say lag that International poll* | m ^ ail tomobUe business, too 

ties have been a policy of brig- 
andage, but that the United Stales 
now feels itself an integral part of 
the wtfrld, that tho conscience of 
America la now awakened and that 
therefore be talked, asking that the 
matter of peace for tho Jew be eon- 
aldcred, "I appeal/ 1 he said, "not 
on the basis of pity, although pity 
would be warranted. Fur the past 
five years Jews have befrn killed at 
the rate of 1,000,000 a year for no 
cause If the question of pity 
arises we have the right lo St." 

Tho talk continued from here 
ivllh a description ol Jewish chil- 
dren sold "at auction, begging peo- 
ple lo buy them, knowing that un- 
less they wtte sold they would 
starve. When we react to the fact 
that 150,000 civilian* have been 
killed by indiscriminate bombings, 
we can not keep aloof to iuch things 
as the W^K^M Jews killed without 
cause, and often with cruelty. But 
It Is not for pity that we appeal to 
the world* It Is for Justice. 

Saying that the Jews 

killed do not include the Jewish 
soldi era who are fighting in every 
army of the Jill led nations, the 
speaker asked, "What is the justice 
to which the Jew is entlLledT* "It 
Is/' hs said, equality as a human 
being, with no differentiation oh the 
basis of civir or political reasons 
That la the question to he answered 
at the peacetahle. We are fighting 
to liberate peoples of tho world, and 
the Jews have a tight to share (hot 

The speaker went on after that 

many RotkefeUeT*H§\ the oil busi- 
ness, and so on, but we hear of too 
many Jews, and arc asked lo dis 
ciptine. ourselves, as for example, 
no more Jews to enter the medical 
profession after a certain mail mum 
has been reached. "This is not only 
ridiculous, II 1* not American;* the 
rabbi auld. * Wav cannot afford 
equality but peace cannot do with- 
out it." 

The ne*t subdivision of the ad- 
dtess was a resume of conditions in 
PaK-stine, and Ureal Britain's vio- 
lation of the agreement that Jews 
might enter that reKioti at will, 
Now they declare thai no muu 
may come except by quota* We 
have said that Hitler Is the only 
man who violates agreements. Now 
that Britain refuses lo allow the 
J own a chance to develop their own 
statehood, we have the right to 
criticise If this Is wrong* 

During the latter part of his ad- 
dress tho rabbi talked of anti-Semi- 
tism In the United Slate*. They ure 
remaining out o^akghl now, he said, 
but after thi? war they will come 
out of their holes, and may under- 
mine tho work of those now la the 
foxholes* Those who call for their 
civil liberties, the speaker eald In 
effect, should also remember that 
liberties should be civil 

Scurrilous pvint should be pun- 
ished, This Is one of the problems 
that cannot be solved at the poaee- 
tnhle. It must be solved here, and 
an endeavor made to secure a last- 
ing peace within the nation, the 
speaker declared. 

"When we react to the fact that 150,000 civilians have been killed by 
indiscriminate bombings, we cannot keep aloof to such things as the 6,000,000 
Jews killed without cause, and often with cruelty. ... Saying that the 6,000,000 
Jews killed do not include the Jewish soldiers who are fighting in every army of 
the Allied nations," 

Evening Recorder (Amsterdam, NY), December 1, 1944, page 8. 

No.205, December 1944 

Letters to the Editor 

fTfrndur* ufr lrj^:ifd to coutrl&iuG iH^lr v\vns on current topic*. ML com m iin Ltiitftrts mii^i he signed.} 

PALESTINE <*LfE,STKJ^ ,ru> committee lo prcsE lor * Bill 

T h ,k B /Hin^r^ tm'™- kvhlcjh would put Goner ess on rec- 

To the Che*^r Times, w llt fjm)r ^ a JfiW =^ Common , 

Having beard tJnat hundred* oT wealth. Tills is the zame oil! winch 

telegrams and letters were nent by 
Chester duztim 10 Columbia Broad* 

tasting Station prhtratSng against a 
National hookup by Lewi rig Roseiv 
wa(d. it is natural that ft ciflrinca 

more than, ninety per cent oi the 
members of Conereos Tivored and 
which would have passed over- 
whelm] n ply several months a^o if 
the same Mr. Rosen whM nnd Mr. 

^i should be aou^h U The maliei'isti la better hud Hot performed the 
ft really serious nnd a bit involved, | acr vic6 ivhleh Qimllns performed 
and it do^ eonstiUite som strung ,f 0L tf Qr \vav, and wliich Darlaa and 
of an emergency. L&ral performer! .'or France, and 

Lessinff Re^enwald, speaking on a 
National hookup, on behalf- of the 
American council o' Judaism, o( 
which he is president, said: "We op- 
jinse the establishment of Pales Line 

which nLhcr "So per. pair lots' per 
formed fnr their own .suffering peo- 

ples. 'The name* and statement* of With sir mill too dead abroad, how 

ihc overwhelming majority's mum 
bnrs of Congress In iavoi of a Jewish 

or any locality ss a Jewish state or Commonwealth may Je round In a 
com in on wea 1th. r We op pose i — th e ; boot cnlJt^l " Aj nerica and Pa Lestlne/' 
jirekrrerl auitUK In Immigration to : ftj*t«l by Reuben Fink and pubjush?d 

thevit or nne religious faith. We re* 

Eard this a* fundamentally umlemo- 
erntle — It ft-LH place m jcopajdv the 
equality of status of Jrws every. 

L*t It. be noted 'hat ths American 
Council of JudiiKm, for which Mr, 

Cardoza and Supreme Court Justice 
Pefut Frnnkfun&r were ardent zion- 
Lsts, yes no one would presume to 
question their undent an ding of 

Americanism or their supreme demo- 
tion to America. When the Irish 
disptay their tove for the Irish Free 
State and (he American Dufch, for 
the Dutch homeland arid a 11 oiher 
American Nationals for their re- 
spective homelands abroad, none but 
the prejudiced an3 the purblind 
wouid seek to impurie tr-eir patiiot- 
ism or to drag red herrings Into the 

c&n the Council of Judaism mem* 
taers ever be addre&yjct uiLh their 
otl-ti conscience to unaw that thev 
are frustrating the lata chance of 
survjra) for Jew-* abroad and 

by the American Zionist Emergency f ma J jgnmir the broad masses or Jews 

Council 1944.) These are the services 
oi indit'lilitata w r )io *re far removed 
from all thi-s suffering, and wtin*e 

"super- patriotism' blinds them to the 
acute tortures of their people and 

leads theui to ixiray i hem. It is very 

Etcssenwnlri speaks, jas created at, tfcjbeflucirul /or men, wlw Jiever knew ,., , ,,.,. ..,, ., ,, . 
secret meeting In PliilAdrlphia onc^utfei-in^, to S|jeat oiry ^ords about- the New York Timefl 

and a half years ngo. as wn in5.tru 
mrriL to sabotage- tilt* dr^ire.^ oi Lhe 
Ajnerk-an Jewish tniusscs. It war 
^matcd with, the monty of Mr, Eifss- 
iag ftoscnwntd L of Mr. Sutabcrgcr* 
o^'nrr of the Npw York ITijnes. and 
of sn'eral other upper crust indi 

in America P 

why c| MS j£y s RoRctni'ald Choose 
this we ok for his broadcast? Why 
did liis council send ant tens of 
thousands or letters this week lo 
interest Jews Lhroughout the coun- 
try in hl^ orgaim&ttons? Why did 
■ the New York Timefl this wccSc, 
Dcmocraev and aDout be iner flfialnpt -espec la ITy Sunday, carry three.™ 
Nationalism, Vcr them Zionism is four hiprlilv slanted a nt> Zionist 

too nFitionallst.Lc- yet Mr. Rotfcnwalri 
did belunK U? ths America First 
Eritiun^ which w&a out own super Na- 
MonnL Group in AniF?ricn. These men 

Items? Why is all this midden ev- 
citement on the part of'5? 
Very RimpLe and very u&ly? Lord 
Moyne's a^a^xinatioJi in Uw Near 

j»;Iolk, lay. crlerical, fralmial, Slon 
i«, lfihor. etc. Knowing r.ha: t hi.^ 
lyr-CHip. ivhirh ^a.T tlie moat, re pre - 
sontative nt American Jc^? i u'ould 

are, ol coiirw. rhe iwo Lmndrfid pwjBasl. bv tvs'o distracted and erased 
vidua rs rompletely out o,_iodch tt'LtZi. ccn f. FfadonalCsta for Kvwytndy m~ ipaiesi.intan terrorisla ia the occasion. 
ilie he^rtb^f of America and of cei ,tij^ .i.heir own kith and kin. Did .Thete em on^ a handful of ter- 
im^™ S-™ ll lS^ Wl J£« Mr Rflsenwald talk pbout tlm ^ix | r0l i 3 ^. nil of inem undoi]bt«ily nave 
Amrnraii Jpu-ry nr^nts'«d the million Jews, otie oat of eve? rv three father and mothers tare thcf.s and 
American J*™*i Coniflfjwe. wWcM,i C ws. who have Already been s^au eh J sister*' ulin Have be.en btitcl^rcd (n 

■tot-h pcupjt in inu «yntry, :— !for 50me W ay to sai'e tTic last fliir-loetn readv to lay down their lives 

ri\ing Temn^nta? Nor Instead he! to brin? tiwii rdativea to Peleatine 
FqnDiid47rs hw n-oalth tt> fl£ht a«a»wt jif Great BritaJit'fl White Paper had 
the Itist hav«i of rcfaae that can! not barred tha wa.y. like imn prison 

..... ...,....;, ,.,..,. ,. . -., .jrtiiisBvtuieffwmainlRb Jews. And lpai«i. The N a i Ls butchered a U- their 

C^nSnSr 1K - ,hP "^ >i* v ?- for ™"-j wr !Bnropfa n Jewish relative but 

■Si.ah siuslf 1ft rmJ™*i iV^HS? untr> " * ,i . 11 4l w oJ™nic " h f™ ; M^-made it Impossibly for Palestine to 
n S? n ™u Lm n ?; f ™ ^Itosenwnlrt ^ the, person in thfi ;sAV ft Ihem. Euitipe's Jews ^relike 
miucb ^nf Z Jrhi ««■ wkl to ur^. o^n rtooiis lo. the.e raU r , 11Jfht In aTrap. Is it any ww 

m.nw fii African*. jbrni.alizr-tJ and mtidcnined T]ctuns. jderr trjat a Jew Jews could not stand 

Their nvgnniv:iii.Kiti still rep r ! One more thing, Mr. Rofienw^kl strpln and wore craaod bv the 
n. ha nd In I numerically insljrnifirnTit'hiis i-he cCfrantPry to cj^I afiprralonp'cirmmflianfps? Some will naturalhr 
hnt unfoTtTinsitcly power! ul hecntJ^e jon thf pin riot ism o^ Jews nnd jt^ck to take ad^nta^ of thh tin'- 
of Ihcir wcallh. Mote that bnih Chretiens whr> fpvor Zionism, not fortune Iff incident. Some Brtah- 
Amrrlcan j»|Ltiwl sjarl.1^^ in their: withstanding the net tliftt flfl DCL-er^ And rome Americans, but Ihese 
i-en'nt^ national jvlai forms, carried a! cent of the Jpwisti mflSFM and a de-l^j-^ p^iremeiv muddv 'waters in 
pinnk favoring the fwrhlishmeni. of "eiFlve major If y cf American ChrL^- ! wh'irh 'to 'fish 1 and it is vcjv un- 
Pnie^tinf as a Jewiao Common- ! liana fflvor » Jewish Palwtirlr-, ftlovc-lv rur Mr' Rosen wa id and Mr. 
wr- filth, noih GtJ'/crtior Df^-ey flnd;wmild be ludicrous "i it were not soi Sulibrraer i-o' uo 'fifilamE' at this 
Pre^idcni. RfloaevoU rxplldily jTratit for nn i significant minority ! juncture. 

Iiledjrec? their assia-atire \n au^in !to so brand a decisive majority. I A*-ain Conarras Is now about 
tlik end ReyirpKiTdvive ^>L Blooni, 1 The hie Supreme Court Justice: readv to cum- nut the promises of 
ChsilrniMti rif ilie Ho-csp Fnri^pn Af- Louis DcmbifK H[-.inrfnts, the Isle 'both* parties ^Could Ir, be" th?t tlie^e 
fnirs Commute plerisrd lo convene Supieme Court Justice Benjamin \ ^rtOenien art* no-*' ntixiou* to TorE- 

1 stall sucli ,ieilon? 

It is far these reason^ t-tiat Chea- 
ter oi teens sent sci/e:al hmirfrod 
tncssae;es to Columbia Broadcasting 
Station f.he unfflirncsa of 
Mr Rjo.^nwald-^ broadcast, and lire- 
»ifl that time be made ara liable oter 
lhe same National hookup bi Co- 
lumbis Brwclcas&irie Station fq»r a 
rebuttal by a pro- Zionist, 1 am in- 

"With six million dead abroad, how can the Council of Judaism members ever be 
addressed with their own conscience to know that they are frustrating the last 
chance of survival for Jews abroad and maligning the broad masses of Jews in 

President of the Chester Zionist Organization, Rabbi Naphtali Frishberg's letter in the Chester Times (PA), 
December 2, 1944, p. 6 

No. 206, January 1945 

.Yr. T.*\l IMwi -Jl-r-Tufrri iiJ 3ji I. LW^ 

^-;->ml tirkvKiJ' Ynk Tfcn |LEM ■ I5M>J| 

^000,000 JEWS DEAD 

Jacob Lestcbmsky Estimates 
Fkductiari in Europe Since p 39 

The Jewish impulatiqn In Europe 
h&e been reduced f rem 9 r H00>000 in 

193S to a.soo.ooOj it waa estimated 
yesterday by Jacob Lestchlnak^ 
exiled economist and newspaper 
hie: n h in an address at the nine- 
teenth annual conference of the 
Yiddish Scientific Institute. M^ 
Lestchfnfikyp who is research Sec- 
retary of the institute, spoke at 
the elosinff aes^Lons of a thrse-^ay 
eonferenM at the Hotel Park Cen- 
tral and att^ndeS by " delegates 
from Jewish educational and cul- 
tural groups- 

"Of the e B 000 ? 000 European Jews 
wlio have ditd h 5,00D,(]00 had lived 
in the countries under Hitter's oc- 
cupation/ 1 he Bald. 

Other speakers included Dr. 
Harry M. Orltnsky h Fro£e5*0r of 
BiWe at the Jewish Institute of 
Religion^ Prof, Abraham Heschel 
of Hebrew Union College* Cincin- 
nati and! Joseph Opatn-ihu, vice 
president of the institute 1 * execu- 
tive hnfl^fl- 

"6,000,000 JEWS DEAD. The Jewish population in Europe has been reduced from 
9,500,000 in 1939 to 3,500,000. ... Of the 6,000,000 European Jews who have died, 
5,000,000 had lived in the countries under Hitler's occupation." 

The New York Times, January 8, 1945. 

No.207, March 1945 

ILYA En REN BURG, back from a two-weeks' Wisit to 

Ekreuhbrg hzturtt m the Hail ofCotumut, Muicou.,, 

fM hit rttent txbtrjtnttt i*t txtupkd Gtrntnny,— 

Picture by M, ftfikhailav, radioed to "Soviit 

War News Weekly" 

ermany, sums up his impressions 


rifles, bombs and daggers at lh»* order 
of pome camouflaged obedeutuant or 

I have not met genuine remorse id a 
single German — only fear and pretence. 

the Graudcnz punishment camp if they 
l" ai Lji lit us at it,' .They said ; ' If .-you 
help Bolsheviks you are betraying ihe. 

idea of the new Europe.' '■ . 

i\o. Germany